Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 648
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Gupta Simi S From Maternal-Fetal Medicine Associates, PLLC, New York, New York USA (S.G.); and Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York USA (S.G., I.E.T.-T., C.O., J.C., A.M.). - - 2014
Fetal anatomic surveys are difficult to perform on obese patients. However, there are limited data available on methods to improve the rate of complete anatomy scans in these patients. The objective of this study was to determine whether the addition of an early second-trimester fetal anatomy scan improves the rate ...
Hu Maowen M Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, California - - 2014
New early first-trimester diagnostic criteria for nonviable pregnancy recommended by the Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound via a multispecialty consensus panel extended the diagnostic size criteria of crown-rump length from 5 to 7 mm for embryos without a heartbeat and mean sac diameter from 16 to 25 mm for "empty" ...
Sheikh Mahdi - - 2014
Maternal counting of fetal movement is a popular and valuable screening tool of fetal wellbeing, however it is still not known what percentage of healthy pregnant women who gave birth to healthy term newborns had experienced decreased fetal movements during gestation and what maternal and fetal factors are associated with ...
Rohilla Minakshi M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, PGIMER, Chandigarh (U.T.), 160012, India, - - 2014
Fetal destructive operation is a vanishing art today. In an era of increasing cesarean deliveries it has become a historic event. Incidence of destructive operation has varied from various Indian hospitals 0.09-0.28 %. Evisceration is one of the rarest of all destructive operations, performed in cases of cephalopelvic disproportion with large ...
Jang Y D YD Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington - - 2014
To investigate the effect of intrauterine positions on fetal growth throughout gestation, data from a total of 65 gilts (n = 784 fetuses) that were slaughtered at assigned days of gestation (d 43, 58, 73, 91, 101, and 108) on a project to evaluate fetal mineral deposition were used. Placenta ...
Franco D J DJ Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2P5, - - 2014
Amino acid requirements of sows may change from early to late gestation due to the accelerated growth of products of conception conceptus after d 70 of pregnancy. The objective of this study was to determine the Trp requirement, Phe kinetics and energy expenditure in early (d 35 to 53) and ...
Skråstad Ragnhild Bergene RB Department of Laboratory Medicine Children's and Women's Health, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; National Center for Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim, - - 2014
To investigate the prediction of preeclampsia and gestational hypertension with the use of maternal characteristics, mean arterial pressure (MAP), uterine artery pulsatility index (UtAPI), pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and placental growth factor (PlGF) at gestational weeks 11-13 in a Scandinavian population with a medium to high beforehand risk for developing ...
Lee Bang Hyun BH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National - - 2014
More than 75% of pregnant women consume drinks containing caffeine such as coffee, tea, and soft drinks (1) Although many studies have reported that caffeine induces miscarriage, congenital malformations, fetal growth retardation, or preterm birth, studies examining the mechanism by which caffeine functions during pregnancy have been rarely reported. Serum ...
Wang Li-Qin LQ Nursing Department, Xi'an Medical College, - - 2014
To examine the expression of CD200 and its receptor (CD200R) in human chorionic villi during the first trimester of normal pregnancy and early spontaneous abortion (ESA). Prospective study. Expression of CD200 and CD200R in the chorionic villi was determined using SP immunohistochemistry, confocal laser scanning microscopy and real-time PCR. 35 ...
Murugappan Gayathree G Department of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Stanford Hospital & Clinics, Stanford, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
To demonstrate a technique for separation of miscarriage tissue from maternal decidua to reduce maternal cell contamination for chromosome analysis. Retrospective. University-based infertility center. Not applicable. Retrospective collection of de-identified images and video from manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) performed after first-trimester pregnancy losses. This project was exempt from institutional review ...
Koren Gideon G Motherisk Program, The Hospital for Sick Children and University of - - 2014
Presently, 97.7 % of prescriptions for the treatment of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) in the USA are with medications not labeled for use in pregnancy, not indicated for NVP, and not classified as safe in pregnancy by the FDA. The use of ondansetron for NVP has increased from ...
Chang Kenneth Tou-En KT Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore; Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore. Electronic address: - - 2014
Formal examination of the placenta may provide valuable information to the clinicians, family, and court of law in cases of adverse pregnancy outcome when litigation is initiated. Placental examination contributes towards the identification of specific intrinsic or secondary placental lesions, and understanding the nature of the intrauterine environment. This article ...
Gardosi J J Perinatal Institute, Birmingham B15 3BU, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Most stillbirths used to be categorized as 'unexplained' and were considered, by implication, unavoidable. Recent evidence indicates that they represent a combined challenge for public health and for clinical services. Independent case reviews have found that many deaths are associated with a failure to recognize risk factors and to afford ...
Aaronson Jaime J Division of Obstetric Anesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology, Columbia University, 630 W 168th St, P & S Box 46, New York, NY, - - 2014
The scope of obstetric anesthesia practice ranges far beyond the delivery of care to women for vaginal and cesarean deliveries. Increasingly, obstetric anesthesiologists are involved in the management of anesthetics for new procedures and for new indications. Anesthesia is frequently needed for maternal procedures, as well as fetal procedures, and ...
Papachatzi Eleni - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Pre- or early-pregnancy obesity carries significant health implications. This retrospective cohort study investigates the association between pre- or early-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and the risk of fetal and neonatal death in pregnancies implicated by obesity in a Mediterranean country. Study design: Data on pregnancies delivered during 2003-2008 ...
Gizzo Salvatore - - 2014
Abstract One of the most frequent causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity is represented by hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. Women at high risk must be subjected to a more intensive antenatal surveillance and prophylactic treatments. Many genetic risk factors, clinical features and biomarkers have been proposed but none of these ...
Seidmann L L Institute of Pathology, University Medical Centre of the Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Idiopathic immaturity is one of the main reasons for latent placental insufficiency and antenatal hypoxia. Postnatal identification of the immature placental phenotype may help early stratification of a heterogeneous population of newborns and individually identify risk of disease in the immediate postnatal life. The aim of the study was to ...
Junaid T O TO Maternal and Fetal Health Research Centre, Institute of Human Development, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, St Mary's Hospital, Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9WL, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Placental functional impairment in pregnancies with fetal growth restriction (FGR) can arise from fetoplacental vascular abnormalities. We aimed to compare the micro and macrovasculature of placentas from normal pregnancies with those showing late onset FGR. Placental arterial casts (n = 12 normal, 6 FGR) were prepared. Chorionic arterial number and inter-branch length ...
Simják Patrik - - 2014
Abstract Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is the most common liver disorder of pregnancy. Diagnosis is based on the clinical picture, particularly the presence of pruritus with a deterioration of liver function tests, and typically elevated serum levels of total bile acids. ICP manifests in the second half of pregnancy, ...
McCloskey Conor C Division of Reproductive Health, Clinical Sciences Research Laboratories, Warwick Medical School University of Warwick, Coventry, - - 2014
Abnormal uterine activity in pregnancy causes a range of important clinical disorders, including preterm birth, dysfunctional labour and post-partum haemorrhage. Uterine contractile patterns are controlled by the generation of complex electrical signals at the myometrial smooth muscle plasma membrane. To identify novel targets to treat conditions associated with uterine dysfunction, ...
Stephens Trina V TV Child & Family Research Institute, BC Children's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, British Columbia, - - 2014
Adequate dietary protein intake throughout pregnancy is essential to ensure healthy fetal development. Insufficient and excessive maternal dietary protein intakes are both associated with intrauterine growth restriction, resulting in low birth weight infants. The aim of this study was to analyze the dietary protein intake patterns of healthy pregnant women ...
Yang Jehn-Hsiahn JH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2014
To propose a novel method of hysteroscopic resection of complete septate uterus with preservation of duplicated cervix. Retrospective study. Classification: Canadian Task Force classification II-3. Tertiary university hospital. Five women with complete septate uterus and cervical duplication, and who also suffered from infertility with or without pregnancy loss. Bougie-guided or ...
de Jesus Guilherme R GR Department of Obstetrics, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pregnancy morbidity is one of the clinical manifestations used for classification criteria of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). During the 14th International Congress on Antiphospholipid Antibodies (aPL), a Task Force with internationally-known experts was created to carry out a critical appraisal of the literature available regarding the association of aPL with obstetric ...
Bashore Cynthia J CJ Maryland Institute for Applied Environmental Health, University of Maryland School of Public Health, College Park, Room 2234F, College Park, MD 20742-2611, USA. - - 2014
Adverse birth outcomes including preterm birth (PTB: <37 weeks gestation) and low birth weight (LBW: <2500 g) can result in severe infant morbidity and mortality. In the United States, there are racial and ethnic differences in the prevalence of PTB and LBW. We investigated the association between PTB and LBW ...
Gizzo Salvatore S 0000-0001-7890-4569 Department of Woman and Child Health, University of Padua, Via Giustiniani 3, 35128 Padova, Italy ; Dipartimento di Salute della Donna e del Bambino, U.O.C. di Ginecologia e Ostetricia, Via Giustiniani 3, 35128 Padova, - - 2014
We investigated the role of foetal spine position in the first and second labour stages to determine the probability of OPP detection at birth and the related obstetrical implications. We conducted an observational-longitudinal cohort study on uncomplicated cephalic single foetus pregnant women at term. We evaluated the accuracy of ultrasound ...
Sacerdoti Flavia F Laboratorio de Fisiopatogenia, Departamento de Fisiología, Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay (IFIBIO Houssay-CONICET), Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires, 2155 Paraguay street, Piso 6, 1121 Buenos Aires, - - 2014
Shiga toxin type 2 (Stx2), a toxin secreted by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), could be one of the causes of maternal and fetal morbimortality not yet investigated. In this study, we examined the effects of Stx2 in rats in the early stage of pregnancy. Sprague-Dawley pregnant rats were intraperitoneally ...
Piccardi Laura - - 2013
Discordant findings have been reported about the change in pregnant women's cognitive test performance. Visuo-spatial abilities, which are crucial in terrestrial/flight navigation, could be influenced by hormonal variations. A 32-yr-old Italian Air Force pilot underwent a 2-D Mental Rotation Task (MRT) and hormonal assessment in the second trimester of pregnancy ...
Stær-Jensen Jette - - 2013
To investigate whether pregnancy affects levator hiatus dimensions and the position and mobility of the bladder neck and the levator ani muscle in nulliparous pregnant women. In the present study, 274 nulliparous pregnant women were examined at 21 weeks and 37 weeks of gestation using three-dimensional and four-dimensional transperineal ultrasonography ...
McCrory Jean L - - 2013
Pregnant women experience numerous physical alterations during pregnancy which may place them at an increased risk of falls. The purpose of this study was to examine ground reaction forces (GRFs) during staircase locomotion in pregnant and non-pregnant women. METHODS: Data were collected on 29 pregnant women in their second and ...
Ocal I┼čil - - 2013
The present study was aimed at determining the effective doses of Dexmedetomidine (Dex) involved in amplitude of contraction-force and frequency of uterine rings in pregnancy terms of rats. All experiments involving animal subjects were carried out with the approval of animal care and use Ethical Committee of Cukurova University. Experiments ...
Zuzek Crystal - - 2013
In this year&#39;s legislative session, lawmakers passed Senate Bill 495, aimed at helping physicians and public health officials reduce the tragic toll of maternal death in the state. It creates the Maternal Mortality and Morbidity Review Task Force under the Texas Department of State Health Services. The task force will ...
Maruthini Deivanayagam D The Leeds Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Seacroft Hospital, Leeds LS14 6UH, - - 2013
We present a case of recurrent ruptured right cornual ectopic pregnancies conceived after IVF. Following the second episode, a sonohysterography was undertaken to identify possible areas of scar weakness that may rupture with uterine distension in a future pregnancy. The scan revealed asymmetrical muscle thickness in the cornual regions, the ...
Ghaffari Firouzeh F Department of Endocrinology and Female Infertility at Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of easy and difficult embryo transfers (ET) on implantation and pregnancy rates. In this prospective study, we analyzed the results of 706 ET procedures over a 12-month period. An easy ET was defined as a transfer that occurred without the ...
Ghajar K - - 2012
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of pregnancy on orthodontic tooth movement in Wistar rats. Material and Methods: Forty eight female three-month old Wistar rats with an average weight of 250±25 gr were selected and randomly divided into two experimental (pregnant) and control groups (non-pregnant). ...
Isobe Tetsuya - - 2012
The World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, which include percent motility and sperm concentration, are the only criteria for evaluating sperm quality and conception ability. However, these criteria are insufficient to evaluate the possibility of natural pregnancy. Thus, an index that can directly evaluate the possibility of a natural pregnancy is ...
Mehta Akanksha - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To evaluate the role of varicocelectomy in the management of patients with varicoceles and nonobstructive azoospermia and to review predictors of successful outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Several small, retrospective, noncontrolled studies have documented return of sperm to the ejaculate in up to 56% of men with nonobstructive azoospermia ...
Endo Yuji - - 2012
To report the clinical outcomes following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with vitrified sperm from patients with severe male factor infertility. Retrospective case series. IVF unit of a medical center. Three patients with severe oligozoospermia or nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). Cryopreservation of limited numbers of spermatozoa with the use of Cryotop and ...
Dai Shan-Jun - - 2012
Several studies have reported improved IVF by shortening the time of sperm-oocyte coincubation from 16-18 hours to 1-4 hours. The objective of this study was to examine the advantages and disadvantages of a shortened sperm-oocyte coincubation time in order to assess the effects of this insemination method for clinical IVF ...
Hernandez-Medrano J H - - 2012
Folliculogenesis is an intricate process that involves the proliferation and differentiation of both somatic and germ cells. This process depends on complex interactions between systemic factors such as both pituitary gonadotrophins and metabolic hormones and/or local factors produced by the ovarian somatic and germ cells, such as the IGF system ...
Kaplan Bonnie J - - 2012
The Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition (APrON) study is an ongoing prospective cohort study that recruits pregnant women early in pregnancy and, as of 2012, is following up their infants to 3 years of age. It has currently enrolled approximately 5000 Canadians (2000 pregnant women, their offspring and many of ...
Shrimpton Roger - - 2012
Undernutrition in one form or another affects the majority of women of reproductive age in most developing countries. However, there are few or no effective programmes trying to solve maternal undernutrition problems. The purpose of the paper is to examine global policy and programme guidance mechanisms for nutrition, what their ...
Girard Amy Webb - - 2012
Nutrition education and counselling (NEC) is a commonly applied strategy to improve maternal nutrition during pregnancy. However, with the exception special populations and specific diets, the effect of NEC on maternal, neonatal and child health outcomes has not been systematically reviewed. Using a modified Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group method ...
Hayden S S - - 2012
Placement of sperm deep in the equine uterine horn allows fewer sperm to be inseminated while maintaining acceptable fertility, and has been promoted for use in circumstances when fertility would be expected to be low if standard insemination were used (e.g., semen from a subfertile stallion, or frozen-thawed semen). Two ...
Kumar Kishlay - - 2012
Standard semen parameters are poor predictors of fertility potential. To date, apart from, paternal karyotyping sperm factors are not evaluated in recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), only recent studies have emphasized the role of sperm factors in early embryonic development as sperm transcribes genes critical for early embryonic development. Sperm DNA ...
Young Brett C - - 2012
As the incidence of twin gestation increases, it is important to consider the maternal risks associated with carrying multiples. Compared with singleton gestation, there are increased risks to the mother during the antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum periods. Certain pregnancy complications are more likely to occur during a twin gestation, including ...
Lindsay K L - - 2012
Lindsay K.L., Gibney E.R. & McAuliffe F.M. (2012) Maternal nutrition among women from Sub-Saharan Africa, with a focus on Nigeria, and potential implications for pregnancy outcomes among immigrant populations in developed countries. J Hum Nutr Diet. ABSTRACT: Pregnant women in countries of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are at risk of poor ...
Cavallini Giorgio - - 2012
The objective of this study was to investigate whether medical therapy can reduce sperm aneuploidy levels and improve the results of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in patients with severe idiopathic oligoasthenoteratospermia (OAT). Thirty-three infertile couples requiring ICSI because of severe idiopathic OAT after at least one unsuccessful ICSI cycle were ...
Zhang Lihong - - 2012
The pathogenesis of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is multi-factorial, complex and poorly understood. In the present study, semen parameters, including sperm chromatin integrity, sperm concentration, sperm motility and sperm morphology, were compared between 111 men whose partners had a history of unexplained RSA (RSA group) and 30 healthy fertile men ...
Vignini A - - 2012
Exposure of the fetus to the intrauterine milieu can have profound effects on the health of the offspring in adulthood. These observations are highly reproducible in many populations worldwide although the mechanisms behind them remain elusive. The 'thrifty phenotype' hypothesis proposes that poor fetal nutrition leads to programming of metabolism ...
Sabry Abdel-Hameed Abdel Tawab - - 2012
A woman's nutritional status should be assessed preconception with the goal of optimizing maternal, fetal, and infant health. Pregnancy-related dietary changes should begin prior to conception, with appropriate modifications across pregnancy and during lactation. The Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) are levels of nutrients recommended by an expert IOM panel based ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >