Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1076
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Habbeddine Mohamed M Laboratory of Inflammation, Gestation and Autoimmunity, Jacques Monod Institute, CNRS and University Paris-Diderot, Paris, - - 2014
Despite much interest in the mechanisms regulating fetal-maternal interactions, information on leukocyte populations and major cytokines present in uterus and placenta remains fragmentary. This report presents a detailed and quantitative study of leukocyte populations at the mouse fetal-maternal interface, including a comparison between pregnancies from syngeneic and allogeneic crosses. Our ...
Wang Hua H Department of Toxicology, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China; Anhui Provincial Key Laboratory of Population Health & Aristogenics, Hefei, Anhui, - - 2014
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is associated with adverse developmental outcomes including embryonic resorption, fetal death, congenital teratogenesis and fetal growth retardation. Here, we explored the effects of maternal LPS exposure during pregnancy on testicular development, steroidogenesis and spermatogenesis in male offspring. The pregnant mice were intraperitoneally injected with LPS (50 µg/kg) daily ...
Mulligan Alicia C AC Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Christchurch Women's Hospital, Canterbury District Health Board, Private Bag 4711, Christchurch, New Zealand. - - 2014
In 2010, the National Screening Unit of the Ministry of Health launched 'Antenatal Screening for Down syndrome and other conditions'. Our aim was to assess the local impact of the new screening process on the number and outcomes of women attending a south island Fetal Medicine Centre. Retrospective audit; two ...
Soh Shu-E SE Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore, - - 2014
The dramatic emergence of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) in Asia, albeit with ethnic variation, has coincided with the rapid socioeconomic and nutritional transition taking place in the region, with the prevalence of diabetes rising 5-fold in Singapore in less than 4 decades. The Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) ...
Hayes Louise L Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2014
Obesity in pregnancy is associated with fetal macrosomia, a raised neonatal fat mass and an increased risk of obesity and poor metabolic health in childhood which persists into adulthood. The offspring of obese women are more likely to be obese than the offspring of lean women when they become pregnant ...
Larqué Elvira E Department of Physiology, University of Murcia, Murcia, - - 2014
The functionality of the placenta may affect neonatal adiposity and fetal levels of key nutrients such as long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. Fetal macrosomia and its complications may occur even in adequately controlled gestational diabetic (GDM) mothers, suggesting that maternal glycemia is not the only determinant of fetal glycemic status and ...
Strøm Marin M Centre for Fetal Programming, Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Vitamin D is obtained from dietary sources and synthesized in the skin during exposure to ultraviolet B radiation in sunlight. During pregnancy, vitamin D is transported from mother to fetus through the placenta in the form of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]. There is evidence that vitamin D influences neuronal differentiation, endocrine ...
Wang Xiaogang X Department of Mathematics and Statistics, York University, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Severe fetal acidemia during labour can result in life-lasting neurological deficits, but the timely detection of this condition is often not possible. This is because the positive predictive value (PPV) of fetal heart rate (FHR) monitoring, the mainstay of fetal health surveillance during labour, to detect concerning fetal acidemia is ...
Glass Leila L Center for Behavioral Teratology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, - - 2014
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can have deleterious consequences for the fetus, including changes in central nervous system development leading to permanent neurologic alterations and cognitive and behavioral deficits. Individuals affected by prenatal alcohol exposure, including those with and without fetal alcohol syndrome, are identified under the umbrella of fetal alcohol ...
Quigley James J Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, - - 2014
We describe a rare but sinister presentation of fatigue and dyspnoea in a 39-year-old woman at 16 weeks gestation. Blood tests and bone marrow aspirate confirmed the diagnosis of multiple myeloma. The patient was managed expectantly during pregnancy with plasma exchange and blood transfusion. The pregnancy continued without event; labour was ...
di Liberto Alexander A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Leverkusen Municipal Hospital, Leverkusen, - - 2014
Serious fetal malformations and/or chromosome aberrations detected by modern diagnostic tools in early pregnancy require discussions on induced abortion with pregnant women. Competent counseling includes prediction of the time needed for the whole abortion process. In an attempt to refine our predictions, we evaluated the impact of 11 medical history ...
Brett Kendra Elizabeth KE Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, 401 Smyth Rd., Ottawa, ON K1H 8L1, Canada. - - 2014
Appropriate in utero growth is essential for offspring development and is a critical contributor to long-term health. Fetal growth is largely dictated by the availability of nutrients in maternal circulation and the ability of these nutrients to be transported into fetal circulation via the placenta. Substrate flux across placental gradients ...
Johnston Jill E JE Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of - - 2014
Cadmium (Cd) is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant, a known carcinogen, and understudied as a developmental toxicant. In the present study, we examined the relationships between Cd levels during pregnancy and infant birth outcomes in a prospective pregnancy cohort in Durham, North Carolina. The study participants (n = 1027) had a mean Cd ...
Jiang Chuen-Bin CB Department of Pediatrics, Taipei Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Mackay Junior College of Medicine, Nursing, and Management, Taipei, - - 2014
Mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and arsenic (As) are recognized neurotoxins in children that particularly affect neurodevelopment and intellectual performance. Based on the hypothesis that the fetal basis of adult disease is fetal toxic exposure that results in adverse outcomes in adulthood, we explored the concentrations of key neurotoxins ...
Huang Ke K Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, The PLA General Hospitaln Beijing City, - - 2014
Advanced abdominal pregnancy is rare. The low incidence, high misdiagnosis rate, and lack of specific clinical signs and symptoms explain the fact that there are no standard diagnostic and treatment options available for advanced abdominal pregnancy. We managed a case of abdominal pregnancy in a woman who was pregnant for ...
Hichijo Atsuko A 0000-0002-1293-0614 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima 770-8503, - - 2014
Parvovirus B19 is a well-established cause of fetal anemia and nonimmune fetal hydrops in pregnancy. Fetal parvovirus infection can cause severe destruction of erythroid progenitor cells, resulting in fetal anemia, hydrops, and intrauterine death. However, viral myocarditis with subsequent heart failure is another possible mechanism for hydrops formation as viral ...
Dong Yupeng Y Advanced Interdisciplinary Biomedical Engineering, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, - - 2014
Ischemic reperfusion (IR) during the perinatal period is a known causative factor of fetal brain damage. So far, both morphologic and histologic evidence has shown that fetal brain damage can be observed only several hours to days after an IR insult has occurred. Therefore, to prevent fetal brain damage under ...
Chang Jen Jen JJ Department of Epidemiology, College for Public Health and Social Justice, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of - - 2014
To investigate the association between cigarette use during pregnancy and pregnancy-induced hypertension/preeclampsia/eclampsia (PIH) by maternal race/ethnicity and age. This retrospective cohort study was based on the U.S. 2010 natality data. Our study sample included U.S. women who delivered singleton pregnancies between 20 and 44 weeks of gestation without major fetal ...
Saha Soma - - 2014
The aim was to study morphometry, site of umbilical cord insertion and histological changes in placentae of women with gestational diabetes mellitus and compare the results with those of normal pregnancies and observe the perinatal outcome. It was an observational, correlational study of 130 placenta specimens collected from labour room ...
Troyano-Luque Juan J 0000-0002-5160-9583 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ultrasound and Fetal Medicine Unit, University Hospital of Canary Islands, Ctra. Ofra, s/n, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, 38320 San Cristóbal de La Laguna, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to present and discuss ultrasound findings of prenatal fetal cholelithiasis in two cases with different etiology and evolution. Case 1: a pregnant woman from sub-Saharan Africa, suffering from Lyme disease, was treated with ceftriaxone sodium. Six weeks later, biliary sludge associated with polyhydramnios was ...
Zhu Jie J Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Female Reproductive Endocrine Related Diseases Shanghai, - - 2014
Tubal pregnancy with caesarean scar pregnancy is rare. Early, accurate diagnosis and treatment for this kind of ectopic pregnancy can lead to a decrease of maternal morbidity and mortality. Here, we report a rare case of spontaneous tubal pregnancy co-existing with caesarean scar pregnancy. After timely emergency laparoscopy and curettage, ...
Xiang Lan L Reproductive Medicine Center, the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, - - 2014
To evaluate the predictive value of the symptoms of an intrauterine hematoma (IUH) for adverse pregnancy outcomes. A literature review was performed with the search terms, including intrauterine/subchorionic/retroplacental/subplacental hematoma/hemorrhage/bleeding/collection/fluid, covering the period from January, 1981 to January, 2014. We just focused on the pregnancy outcomes associated with different symptoms of ...
E Hanley Gillian G Child and Family Research Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC, Canada School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
While research has shown that maternal mood (depression and/or anxiety) can have effects on the fetus, little is known about whether maternal positive and negative affect influences the fetus. We examined fetal vascular and heart rate changes at 36 weeks gestation in 53 euthymic mothers according to their Positive and ...
Koren Gideon G Motherisk Program, Division of Clin Pharmacology-Toxicology, Department of Pediatrics, Hospital for Sick Children and University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2014
Depression in pregnancy is characterized by unrealistically heightened perception of teratogenic risk. Appropriate counseling regarding the exposure at hand can assist in reducing maternal concerns. Addressing depression during pregnancy and, in parallel, providing evidencebased counseling and reassurance regarding different antidepressants in pregnancy may avert major health risks.
Nukaga Sakiko S Perinatal Center for Maternity and Neonate, Yokohama City University Medical Center, 4-57 Urafunecyou, Minami-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 232-0024, - - 2014
We report our experience with a case of presumptive cesarean scar pregnancy, based on detection of a gestational sac (GS) in early pregnancy at the site of a previous cesarean scar. The GS grew into the uterine cavity as the pregnancy progressed, showing an ultrasound image similar to that of ...
Noto Llana Mariángeles M Instituto de Investigaciones en Microbiología y Parasitología Médica, Universidad de Buenos Aires-Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (IMPaM, UBA-CONICET), Buenos Aires, - - 2014
Foodborne diseases caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) are a significant health problem. Pregnancy, state of immunological tolerance, is a predisposing condition for the development of infections with intracellular pathogens. Salmonella species can cause pregnancy complications such as chorioamnionitis, transplacental fetal infection, pre term labor, abortions, neonatal and ...
Peterfi Istvan I Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kaposi Mór Teaching Hospital, Kaposvár, - - 2014
Objective. The aim of the study was to develop a complex electrophysiological measurement system (hardware and software) which uses the methods of electrophysiology and provides significant information about the intrauterine status of the fetus, intending to obtain true-to-form, morphologically evaluated fetal ECG from transabdominal maternal lead. Results. The present method ...
David Anna L AL Institute for Women's Health, University College London, and University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United - - 2014
Maternal recreational drug use may be associated with the development of fetal malformations such as gastroschisis, brain and limb defects, the aetiology due to vascular disruption during organogenesis. Using forensic hair analysis we reported evidence of recreational drug use in 18% of women with a fetal gastroschisis. Here we investigate ...
Zomerdijk Ingeborg M IM Department of Medical Informatics, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands Department of pharmacovigilance, Dutch Medicines Evaluation Board, Utrecht, The - - 2014
To estimate isotretinoin exposure in Dutch pregnant women despite the implemented pregnancy prevention programme (PPP) and second, to analyse the occurrence of adverse fetal or neonatal outcomes in these isotretinoin exposed pregnancies. Population-based study. The Netherlands. A cohort of 203 962 pregnancies with onset between 1 January 1999 and 1 September ...
Lambert John J Infectious Diseases, The Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
Antiretroviral therapy is recommended during pregnancy for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. Physiological changes during pregnancy are known to affect the pharmacokinetics (PK) of protease inhibitors (PIs), leading to lower exposures in pregnant women. Here we examine the PK of DRV/r 800/100 mg once daily (OD) over the ...
Yoshida Kyoko K Department of Mechanical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of - - 2014
The changes in the mechanical integrity of the cervix during pregnancy have implications for a successful delivery. Cervical collagens are known to remodel extensively in mice with progressing gestation leading to a soft cervix at term. During this process, mature crosslinked collagens are hypothesized to be replaced with immature less ...
Räisänen Sari S Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, - - 2014
To identify risk factors for and the consequences (several adverse perinatal outcomes) of physician-diagnosed major depression during pregnancy treated in specialised healthcare. A population-based cross-sectional study. Data were gathered from Finnish health registers for 1996-2010. All singleton births (n=511 938) for 2002-2010 in Finland. Prevalence, risk factors and consequences of major ...
Torre Iratxe I BCNatal - Barcelona Center for Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine (Hospital Clínic and Hospital Sant Joan de Deu), IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, and Centre for Biomedical Research on Rare Diseases (CIBER-ER), Barcelona, - - 2014
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) induces fetal cardiac remodelling and dysfunction, which persists postnatally and may explain the link between low birth weight and increased cardiovascular mortality in adulthood. However, the cellular and molecular bases for these changes are still not well understood. We tested the hypothesis that IUGR is associated ...
Hill Jonathan R JR School of Veterinary Science, University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia; email: - - 2014
In animals produced by assisted reproductive technologies, two abnormal phenotypes have been characterized. Large offspring syndrome (LOS) occurs in offspring derived from in vitro cultured embryos, and the abnormal clone phenotype includes placental and fetal changes. LOS is readily apparent in ruminants, where a large calf or lamb derived from ...
Stefanovic Vedran V Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Helsinki University Central Hospital Helsinki, - - 2013
When massive fetomaternal hemorrhage is diagnosed in the early third trimester of pregnancy, serial fetal intravascular transfusion may be an alternative to immediate delivery.
Noureldeen Amani F H AF Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdul Aziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia ; Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, - - 2014
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common medical complication associated with pregnancy. The present study evaluates the changes in maternal adipocytokines (leptin, adiponectin, resistin, visfatin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha; TNF-α) in pregnancy complicated with GDM compared to normal pregnancy at 2nd and 3rd trimesters. The study included total number of ...
Farhadifar Fariba F Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran ; Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kurdistan Research Center for Social Determinants of Health, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, - - 2014
Some degree rotation of the gravid uterus in the third trimester of pregnancy is not an abnormal finding. However, extreme uterine torsion of 180° around its cervical junction is a relatively rare event in obstetrical practice. We report here such a case that detected at laparotomy for an emergency cesarean ...
Piccardi Laura - - 2013
Discordant findings have been reported about the change in pregnant women's cognitive test performance. Visuo-spatial abilities, which are crucial in terrestrial/flight navigation, could be influenced by hormonal variations. A 32-yr-old Italian Air Force pilot underwent a 2-D Mental Rotation Task (MRT) and hormonal assessment in the second trimester of pregnancy ...
Stær-Jensen Jette - - 2013
To investigate whether pregnancy affects levator hiatus dimensions and the position and mobility of the bladder neck and the levator ani muscle in nulliparous pregnant women. In the present study, 274 nulliparous pregnant women were examined at 21 weeks and 37 weeks of gestation using three-dimensional and four-dimensional transperineal ultrasonography ...
Borges Kevin Joseph Jerome - - 2013
Pregnancy induced hypertension results from defective trophoblast invasion and increased umbilical artery resistance which in turn results in decreased blood supply to the placenta and hence to the foetus. This arterial resistance varies in different cases of PIH thus causing variable effects on placenta and foetus. The objective of this ...
Kamalifard Mahin M Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2013
Fetal movement counting is a method used by mother to quantify her baby's movements. However, the optimal number of movements and the ideal duration of counting them have not been recognized. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of the two common fetal movements counting methods ...
McCrory Jean L - - 2013
Pregnant women experience numerous physical alterations during pregnancy which may place them at an increased risk of falls. The purpose of this study was to examine ground reaction forces (GRFs) during staircase locomotion in pregnant and non-pregnant women. METHODS: Data were collected on 29 pregnant women in their second and ...
Demirhan Osman O Department of Medical Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Çukurova, Adana, - - 2013
Fetal cells can enter maternal blood during pregnancy but whether they can also cross the blood-brain barrier to enter the maternal brain remains poorly understood. Previous results suggest that fetal cells are summoned to repair damage to the mother's brain. If this is confirmed, it would open up new and ...
Ocal Işil - - 2013
The present study was aimed at determining the effective doses of Dexmedetomidine (Dex) involved in amplitude of contraction-force and frequency of uterine rings in pregnancy terms of rats. All experiments involving animal subjects were carried out with the approval of animal care and use Ethical Committee of Cukurova University. Experiments ...
Zuzek Crystal - - 2013
In this year&#39;s legislative session, lawmakers passed Senate Bill 495, aimed at helping physicians and public health officials reduce the tragic toll of maternal death in the state. It creates the Maternal Mortality and Morbidity Review Task Force under the Texas Department of State Health Services. The task force will ...
Maruthini Deivanayagam D The Leeds Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Seacroft Hospital, Leeds LS14 6UH, - - 2013
We present a case of recurrent ruptured right cornual ectopic pregnancies conceived after IVF. Following the second episode, a sonohysterography was undertaken to identify possible areas of scar weakness that may rupture with uterine distension in a future pregnancy. The scan revealed asymmetrical muscle thickness in the cornual regions, the ...
Ghaffari Firouzeh F Department of Endocrinology and Female Infertility at Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of easy and difficult embryo transfers (ET) on implantation and pregnancy rates. In this prospective study, we analyzed the results of 706 ET procedures over a 12-month period. An easy ET was defined as a transfer that occurred without the ...
Funston R N RN West Central Research and Extension Center, University of Nebraska, North Platte, Nebraska 69101; email: rfunston2@unl.edu ; - - 2013
Longevity of cattle is correlated to reproductive success. Many studies in different species report the influence of maternal nutrition on progeny performance, health, and reproduction. Maternal nutrient status can cause epigenetic alterations to the genome of the developing fetus, which potentially can impact future generations. This review discusses fetal programming ...
Antczak D F DF Baker Institute for Animal Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853; email: - - 2013
A remarkable feature of equine pregnancy is the development of the invasive trophoblast of the chorionic girdle and its formation of the gonadotrophin-secreting endometrial cup cells in early gestation. The details of this process have been revealed only slowly over the past century, since the first description of the endometrial ...
Ghajar K - - 2012
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of pregnancy on orthodontic tooth movement in Wistar rats. Material and Methods: Forty eight female three-month old Wistar rats with an average weight of 250±25 gr were selected and randomly divided into two experimental (pregnant) and control groups (non-pregnant). ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >