Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 793
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Sood Paul - - 2006
Syntheses of the novel polymer-bound platinum-based chemotherapeutic agent poly(HPMA)-GGG-Ama=Pt=(1R,2R)-DACH, AP5346, and its precursors are reported. The method utilized in preclinical development of AP5346 is described herein. Additionally, an improved synthesis, which has shown that ion exchange resins can be removed, significantly less platinum can be used when the reaction mixture ...
Shih Chun-Hat - - 2006
Three unique sorghum flavonoid 3'-hydroxylase (F3'H) cDNAs (SbF3'H1, SbF3'H2 and SbF3'H3) were discovered through bioinformatics analysis. Their encoded proteins showed >60% identity to the Arabidopsis TT7 (F3'H) protein. Overexpression of SbF3'H1 or SbF3'H2 restored the ability of tt7 mutants to produce 3'-hydroxylated flavonoids, establishing their roles as functional F3'H enzymes. ...
Palmer Christina G S - - 2006
Schizophrenia and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matching between couples or between mothers and offspring have independently been associated with prenatal/obstetric complications, including preeclampsia and low birth weight. Here, we report the results of a family-based candidate-gene study that brings together these two disparate lines of research by assessing maternal-fetal genotype ...
Willer Cristen J - - 2006
Microchimerism, the persistence of foreign cells thought to derive from previous pregnancies, has been associated with autoimmune diseases. A maternal parent-of-origin effect in MS remains unexplained. We tested for microchimerism in monozygotic and dizygotic twin-pairs with MS. Microchimerism was associated with MS in affected females from monozygotic concordant pairs when ...
Pitman Roger K RK Massachusetts General Hospital, Room 2616, Bldg. 149, 13th St., Charlestown, MA 02129, USA. - - 2006
A biological abnormality found to be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be, among other things, a pretrauma vulnerability factor, that is, it may have been present prior to the event's occurrence and increased the individual's likelihood of developing PTSD upon traumatic exposure. Alternately, it may be an acquired ...
Thomsen Louise Schmidt Arenholt - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relative environmental and genetic influence in the development of carcinoma in situ (CIS) cervicis uteri. METHODS: Retrospective follow-up study with record linkage between The Danish Twin Register and The Danish Cancer Register. The study base comprises 27,004 female twins from 13,502 same-sex twin pairs. 5,258 were ...
Russell Michael Bjørn - - 2006
The objective was to investigate the importance of genetic and environmental factors for infrequent episodic, frequent episodic and chronic tension-type headache. Twin pairs recruited from the population-based Danish Twin Registry received a posted questionnaire. Only twin pairs where both twins replied were included. A total of 3523 monozygotic (MZ), 4150 ...
Herman Daniel B - - 2006
We sought to replicate (or refute) a previous report of an association between unwantedness of a pregnancy and the risk of schizophrenia in the offspring. The study was conducted using a large, prospectively collected birth cohort as part of the Prenatal Determinants of Schizophrenia study (PDS). Attitude toward the pregnancy ...
Neal-Barnett Angela - - 2006
Affective correlates of hair pulling were investigated in a sample of 43 African-American women with trichotillomania. The relationship among affective correlates and dimensions of racial identity was also examined. Via phone interview, participants completed the hair-pulling survey on which they rated the intensity of 10 different affective states across three ...
Iida Seiji - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The frequent insertion of self-tapping screws for securing the proximal positioning plate in bimaxillary osteotomy often cause loosening of screws and plate, which produces incorrect repositioning. In this article, a newly developed base-attachment for a T-shaped proximal positioning plate for bimaxillary osteotomy is presented. MATERIAL: The base-attachment set consists ...
Makris Dimitris P - - 2006
Nineteen major polyphenolic phytochemicals including hydroxycinnamate derivatives, flavanols, flavonols, and anthocyanins, were determined in 40 experimental red wines employing HPLC-DAD. All wines analysed were young (non-aged), produced, and stored under identical conditions, in an effort to minimize the effect of oak wood and vinification technology. The data obtained from this ...
Tan Tiong Yang - - 2006
A female fetus with an unusual collection of congenital anomalies was detected prenatally. The pregnancy was terminated at 21 weeks of gestation. Clinical and pathological findings of bilateral cleft lip and palate, micrognathia, thymic hypoplasia, unilateral 1-2 finger syndactyly, bilateral multicystic dysplastic kidneys and heterotopic olivary tissue are presented. Differential ...
Tsang Tsz M - - 2006
(1)H NMR spectroscopy-based metabonomic analysis was employed to investigate plasma samples from 21 pairs of monozygotic twins discordant for schizophrenia and 8 pairs of age-matched healthy twins in an effort to disentangle genetic and epigenetic components of schizophrenia. We identified alterations in the lipid profile of both affected and unaffected ...
Chambers Christina D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: An increased risk for intrauterine growth restriction in the affected member of like-sex twin pairs discordant for hypospadias has been reported. The purpose of this study was to document patterns of birth weight disparities in like-sex twins discordant for a variety of structural defects in order to determine if ...
Barak Rina - - 2006
One of the processes by which CheY, the excitatory response regulator of chemotaxis in Escherichia coli, can be activated to generate clockwise flagellar rotation is by acetyl-CoA synthetase (Acs)-mediated acetylation. Deletion of Acs results in defective chemotaxis, indicating the involvement of Acs-mediated acetylation in chemotaxis. To investigate whether Acs is ...
Pagonis Thomas A - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) are derived by chemical manipulation of the testosterone molecule. The specified category of drugs produces anabolic, androgenic and psycho-active effects including elevated aggressive, hostile, violent and anti social behavior. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this case report observational study was to evaluate the possible psychological consequences ...
Nettle Daniel - - 2006
There is an evolutionary puzzle surrounding the persistence of schizophrenia, since it is substantially heritable and associated with sharply reduced fitness. However, some of the personality traits which are predictive of schizophrenia are also associated with artistic creativity. Geoffrey Miller has proposed that artistic creativity functions to attract mates. Here, ...
Derom Catherine - - 2006
The data of the population-based, prospective survey of multiple births in East Flanders, Belgium, show that a greater proportion of monozygotic twins is observed with clomiphene citrate as sole treatment compared with other ovulatory drugs. Among iatrogenic monozygotic twins, the ratio of monochorionic versus dichorionic pairs is higher compared with ...
Mohanty Subhendra - - 2006
The energy levels of the left- and the right-handed neutrinos are split in the background of gravitational waves generated during inflation, which, in presence of lepton-number-violating interactions, gives rise to a net lepton asymmetry at equilibrium. Lepton number violation is achieved by the same dimension five operator which gives rise ...
Chmait R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prenatal detection rate of associated anomalies in fetuses with a suspected cleft lip with or without cleft palate. METHODS: Fetuses with a suspected cleft lip with or without cleft palate, determined by prenatal ultrasound, were prospectively enrolled. Additional anomalies suspected ...
Bullock Bernadette Marie - - 2006
This study uses a multitrait, multimethod (MTMM) approach to investigate the genetic and environmental etiologies of childhood deviant peer affiliation (DPA) and problem behavior (PROB). The variability of genetic and environmental estimates by agent and method is also examined. A total of 77 monozygotic and 72 dizygotic twin pairs and ...
Kremen William S WS Institute of Behavioral Genomics, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, 92093-0603, USA. - - 2006
Twin studies are advantageous because sources of genetic and environmental variation are equated in ways that are not possible in standard case-control designs. We examined premorbid cognitive ability by comparing Armed Forces Qualification Test scores administered at the time of military enlistment in 21 schizophrenia-discordant twin pairs and 860 matched ...
Fu Yun-Xin - - 2006
The Kingman coalescent, which has become the foundation for a wide range of theoretical as well as empirical studies, was derived as an approximation of the Wright-Fisher (WF) model. The approximation heavily relies on the assumption that population size is large and sample size is much smaller than the population ...
Bernheim N - - 2006
Craniofacial anomalies, in particular cleft lip and palate, are major human birth defects with a worldwide frequency of 1 in 700 and substantial clinical impact. This article reviews the embryology of the face, lip, and palate to enhance the understanding of the pathogenesis of these lesions, with particular attention to ...
Schwartz Joshua J - - 2005
Nineteen uranium-lead zircon ages of lower crustal gabbros from Atlantis Bank, Southwest Indian Ridge, constrain the growth and construction of oceanic crust at this slow-spreading midocean ridge. Approximately 75% of the gabbros accreted within error of the predicted seafloor magnetic age, whereas approximately 25% are significantly older. These anomalously old ...
Bresnahan Michaeline - - 2005
The Prenatal Determinants of Schizophrenia (PDS) study was designed to examine early antecedents to schizophrenia. Based in the Child Health and Development Study cohort assembled in 1959-1967, over 12,000 cohort members were followed in the PDS study for psychiatric disorders. Using the extensive data and biological samples prospectively collected beginning ...
Lajeunie Elizabeth - - 2005
OBJECT: The origins of both sagittal synostosis (scaphocephaly) and metopic synostosis (trigonocephaly) remain unclear. Genetic and environmental factors probably play a role. Twin and family data of patients with these conditions are presented. METHODS: Records of 860 patients with scaphocephaly and 394 with trigonocephaly were examined for prevalence of twin ...
Toledo Manuela G - - 2005
Over the past two decades there has been an association between assisted reproductive technologies and increased monozygotic twinning. The association is not clear nor are the causes of assisted reproductive technology-related monozygotic twinning understood, although there are several theories as to the possible mechanisms involved. This review looks at some ...
Miranda-Contreras Leticia - - 2005
The goal of this study was to analyze the effects of prenatal exposure to the pesticides paraquat (PQ) and mancozeb (MZ) on the development of synaptic transmission in mouse cerebellar cortex. Pregnant NMRI mice were treated with either saline, 10 mg/kg PQ, 30 mg/kg MZ or the combination of PQ ...
Dragovic Milan - - 2005
Although some previous studies assert that an association between schizotypy and loss of hand dominance is well established, the prevailing use of student populations, small effect sizes and arbitrariness of handedness classification suggest that this tentative association merits further investigation. The association of schizotypy and loss of hand dominance was ...
Yu Ling - - 2005
The short stature homeobox gene SHOX is associated with idiopathic short stature in humans, as seen in Turner syndrome and Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosis, while little is known about its close relative SHOX2. We report the restricted expression of Shox2 in the anterior domain of the secondary palate in mice and humans. ...
Klein Karl Martin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether genetic factors contribute to weight gain associated with valproate (VPA) therapy. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We retrospectively and prospectively evaluated five pairs of monozygotic twins concordant for epilepsy and treated with VPA regarding weight course. RESULTS: In all twin pairs, both twins showed similar weight courses ...
Machado Sergio Abreu - - 2006
Oocytes were recovered by ovum pick up (OPU) from nine pairs of monozygotic twin German Simmental cows. The hypothesis was that there is less variability between identical twins versus among non-related individuals in the variation in the recovery of oocytes by OPU and in the efficiency of in vitro embryo ...
Keckarević Dusan - - 2005
A renewed and new population study of fourteen short tandem repeat loci (TH01, TPOX, CSF1P0, vWA, FES/FPS, F13A01, D13S317, D7S820, D16S539, LPL, F13B, CD4, D5S818 and D8S1179) were performed in a sample of 296-531 unrelated individuals from Serbia and Montenegro. Population data were compared to previously published data from Vojvodina ...
DeLint Peter J - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe a yellow ring-shaped reflection in the macula of healthy subjects observed with a common indirect ophthalmoscope. DESIGN: Observational case series. METHODS: Fundus photographs of the macula were acquired with a slit lamp and 90-diopter lens in 5 healthy subjects (age range, 23-50 years) at a perpendicular angle ...
Rushton J Philippe - - 2005
This study examined the genetic and environmental contribution to people's preference for spouses and friends to be similar to themselves. In their responses to 130 personality, attitude, and demographic questions, 174 pairs of monozygotic (MZ) twins resembled each other (r= .53) more than did 148 pairs of dizygotic (DZ) twins ...
Hrdlicka Michal - - 2005
The aim of our study was to subcategorize Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) using a multidisciplinary approach. Sixty four autistic patients (mean age 9.4+/-5.6 years) were entered into a cluster analysis. The clustering analysis was based on MRI data. The clusters obtained did not differ significantly in the overall severity of ...
Pfeffer Gerald - - 2005
Antipsychotic-induced akathisia is characterized by subjective and objective motor restlessness, which is observed as a common extrapyramidal side-effect of antipsychotic agents. A patient is described who had antipsychotic-induced akathisia unresponsive to conventional therapy, and who began gabapentin therapy for insomnia. Significant improvement in his akathisia occurred when the gabapentin dose ...
Holme Petter - - 2005
We use real-world contact sequences, time-ordered lists of contacts from one person to another, to study how fast information or disease can spread across network of contacts. Specifically we measure the reachability time--the average shortest time for a series of contacts to spread information between a reachable pair of vertices ...
Scheidegger E Paul - - 2005
Primary cutaneous mucinosis encompasses a wide range of different skin conditions with circumscribed, follicular or diffuse manifestation. For the first time, to our knowledge, we report on the occurrence of so-called "atypical" localized papular mucinosis in the axillary pits of a mother and her (identical) twin daughters presenting as asymptomatic ...
Corby P M A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether genetic factors influence variation in salivary levels of the mutans streptococci (MS) in preschool twins. DESIGN: The study population consisted of 48 pairs of monozygotic (MZ) twins and 54 pairs of dizygotic (DZ) twins. Genotyping eight highly polymorphic DNA markers ...
Helling Kai - - 2005
The otolith mass of the saccules and utricles of plaice, Pleuronectes platessa (n = 39) and turbot, Psetta maxima (n = 21) was measured using an electronic microbalance. In the right-eyed plaice, the left utricular otoliths were found to be significantly heavier than the right (p < 0.0001), whereas no ...
Kleintjes Wayne George - - 2005
There is no article in the literature correlating only craniofacial abnormalities in twins. Since 1985 the Tygerberg Craniofacial Unit has treated nine pairs of twins. In this retrospective study, the authors correlate the craniofacial and systemic anomalies with the specific twin type. BACKGROUND: The frequency of human twinning varies from ...
Morelle Willy - - 2005
Oligosaccharides were derivatized by reductive amination using 2-aminobenzamide (2-AB) and analyzed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization two-stage time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF/TOF) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) in the positive ion mode. The major signals were obtained under these conditions from the [M+Na]+ ions for all 2-AB-derivatized oligosaccharides. A systematic study was conducted on a ...
Spaniel Filip - - 2005
T1 and T2 relaxation times were examined in four pairs of monozygotic (MZ) twins discordant and concordant for schizophrenia with low and high genetic loading for the illness and five healthy control MZ twin pairs. Patients with schizophrenia (n = 11) showed significant prolongation in T1 relaxation times in the ...
Padgett Jaye - - 2005
Russian exhibits a rich pattern of phonological vowel reduction, by which some vowel contrasts are neutralized in unstressed syllables. Recent work in phonology suggests a mechanism by which phonetic vowel reduction--compression of the overall vowel space due to target undershoot--might lead to patterns like Russian. Presenting acoustic data from 9 ...
Wolfart Stefan - - 2004
This study aimed to examine whether there exists a gender-dependent correlation between the inverted face shape and that of the upper central incisor as the literature often suggests. Standardized portraits and anterior tooth photographs of 204 dental students were made. Standardized enlargements of facial outlines and of the upper right ...
Lammer Edward J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Periconceptional supplementation of multivitamins that include folic acid have been shown to prevent several birth defects, including neural tube defects and orofacial clefts. We investigated whether polymorphic variants of fetal acetyl-N-transferase 1 (NAT1), an enzyme involved in the catabolism of folates, differentially interacted with maternal multivitamin use during early ...
Lindemann H-B - - 2004
The shape of a patient's face is commonly used as a reference to select the shape of the maxillary central incisors in edentulous patients. The validity of this relationship has not been proved. The objective of this clinical study was to determine whether a relationship exists between maxillary central incisors ...
Selmi Carlo - - 2004
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is growing evidence that the interplay of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors leads to primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). In particular, family members of an infected individual have up to a 100-fold higher risk of developing PBC. Although concordant rates for identical twins in other autoimmune diseases ...
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