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Mulligan Alicia C AC Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Christchurch Women's Hospital, Canterbury District Health Board, Private Bag 4711, Christchurch, New Zealand. - - 2014
In 2010, the National Screening Unit of the Ministry of Health launched 'Antenatal Screening for Down syndrome and other conditions'. Our aim was to assess the local impact of the new screening process on the number and outcomes of women attending a south island Fetal Medicine Centre. Retrospective audit; two ...
Soh Shu-E SE Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore, - - 2014
The dramatic emergence of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) in Asia, albeit with ethnic variation, has coincided with the rapid socioeconomic and nutritional transition taking place in the region, with the prevalence of diabetes rising 5-fold in Singapore in less than 4 decades. The Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) ...
Hayes Louise L Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2014
Obesity in pregnancy is associated with fetal macrosomia, a raised neonatal fat mass and an increased risk of obesity and poor metabolic health in childhood which persists into adulthood. The offspring of obese women are more likely to be obese than the offspring of lean women when they become pregnant ...
Larqué Elvira E Department of Physiology, University of Murcia, Murcia, - - 2014
The functionality of the placenta may affect neonatal adiposity and fetal levels of key nutrients such as long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. Fetal macrosomia and its complications may occur even in adequately controlled gestational diabetic (GDM) mothers, suggesting that maternal glycemia is not the only determinant of fetal glycemic status and ...
Strøm Marin M Centre for Fetal Programming, Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Vitamin D is obtained from dietary sources and synthesized in the skin during exposure to ultraviolet B radiation in sunlight. During pregnancy, vitamin D is transported from mother to fetus through the placenta in the form of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]. There is evidence that vitamin D influences neuronal differentiation, endocrine ...
Wang Xiaogang X Department of Mathematics and Statistics, York University, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Severe fetal acidemia during labour can result in life-lasting neurological deficits, but the timely detection of this condition is often not possible. This is because the positive predictive value (PPV) of fetal heart rate (FHR) monitoring, the mainstay of fetal health surveillance during labour, to detect concerning fetal acidemia is ...
Glass Leila L Center for Behavioral Teratology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, - - 2014
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can have deleterious consequences for the fetus, including changes in central nervous system development leading to permanent neurologic alterations and cognitive and behavioral deficits. Individuals affected by prenatal alcohol exposure, including those with and without fetal alcohol syndrome, are identified under the umbrella of fetal alcohol ...
Quigley James J Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, - - 2014
We describe a rare but sinister presentation of fatigue and dyspnoea in a 39-year-old woman at 16 weeks gestation. Blood tests and bone marrow aspirate confirmed the diagnosis of multiple myeloma. The patient was managed expectantly during pregnancy with plasma exchange and blood transfusion. The pregnancy continued without event; labour was ...
di Liberto Alexander A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Leverkusen Municipal Hospital, Leverkusen, - - 2014
Serious fetal malformations and/or chromosome aberrations detected by modern diagnostic tools in early pregnancy require discussions on induced abortion with pregnant women. Competent counseling includes prediction of the time needed for the whole abortion process. In an attempt to refine our predictions, we evaluated the impact of 11 medical history ...
Brett Kendra Elizabeth KE Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, 401 Smyth Rd., Ottawa, ON K1H 8L1, Canada. - - 2014
Appropriate in utero growth is essential for offspring development and is a critical contributor to long-term health. Fetal growth is largely dictated by the availability of nutrients in maternal circulation and the ability of these nutrients to be transported into fetal circulation via the placenta. Substrate flux across placental gradients ...
Johnston Jill E JE Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of - - 2014
Cadmium (Cd) is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant, a known carcinogen, and understudied as a developmental toxicant. In the present study, we examined the relationships between Cd levels during pregnancy and infant birth outcomes in a prospective pregnancy cohort in Durham, North Carolina. The study participants (n = 1027) had a mean Cd ...
Jiang Chuen-Bin CB Department of Pediatrics, Taipei Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Mackay Junior College of Medicine, Nursing, and Management, Taipei, - - 2014
Mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and arsenic (As) are recognized neurotoxins in children that particularly affect neurodevelopment and intellectual performance. Based on the hypothesis that the fetal basis of adult disease is fetal toxic exposure that results in adverse outcomes in adulthood, we explored the concentrations of key neurotoxins ...
Hichijo Atsuko A 0000-0002-1293-0614 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima 770-8503, - - 2014
Parvovirus B19 is a well-established cause of fetal anemia and nonimmune fetal hydrops in pregnancy. Fetal parvovirus infection can cause severe destruction of erythroid progenitor cells, resulting in fetal anemia, hydrops, and intrauterine death. However, viral myocarditis with subsequent heart failure is another possible mechanism for hydrops formation as viral ...
Dong Yupeng Y Advanced Interdisciplinary Biomedical Engineering, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, - - 2014
Ischemic reperfusion (IR) during the perinatal period is a known causative factor of fetal brain damage. So far, both morphologic and histologic evidence has shown that fetal brain damage can be observed only several hours to days after an IR insult has occurred. Therefore, to prevent fetal brain damage under ...
Noureldeen Amani F H AF Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdul Aziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia ; Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, - - 2014
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common medical complication associated with pregnancy. The present study evaluates the changes in maternal adipocytokines (leptin, adiponectin, resistin, visfatin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha; TNF-α) in pregnancy complicated with GDM compared to normal pregnancy at 2nd and 3rd trimesters. The study included total number of ...
Farhadifar Fariba F Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran ; Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kurdistan Research Center for Social Determinants of Health, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, - - 2014
Some degree rotation of the gravid uterus in the third trimester of pregnancy is not an abnormal finding. However, extreme uterine torsion of 180° around its cervical junction is a relatively rare event in obstetrical practice. We report here such a case that detected at laparotomy for an emergency cesarean ...
Piccardi Laura - - 2013
Discordant findings have been reported about the change in pregnant women's cognitive test performance. Visuo-spatial abilities, which are crucial in terrestrial/flight navigation, could be influenced by hormonal variations. A 32-yr-old Italian Air Force pilot underwent a 2-D Mental Rotation Task (MRT) and hormonal assessment in the second trimester of pregnancy ...
Stær-Jensen Jette - - 2013
To investigate whether pregnancy affects levator hiatus dimensions and the position and mobility of the bladder neck and the levator ani muscle in nulliparous pregnant women. In the present study, 274 nulliparous pregnant women were examined at 21 weeks and 37 weeks of gestation using three-dimensional and four-dimensional transperineal ultrasonography ...
Borges Kevin Joseph Jerome - - 2013
Pregnancy induced hypertension results from defective trophoblast invasion and increased umbilical artery resistance which in turn results in decreased blood supply to the placenta and hence to the foetus. This arterial resistance varies in different cases of PIH thus causing variable effects on placenta and foetus. The objective of this ...
Kamalifard Mahin M Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2013
Fetal movement counting is a method used by mother to quantify her baby's movements. However, the optimal number of movements and the ideal duration of counting them have not been recognized. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of the two common fetal movements counting methods ...
McCrory Jean L - - 2013
Pregnant women experience numerous physical alterations during pregnancy which may place them at an increased risk of falls. The purpose of this study was to examine ground reaction forces (GRFs) during staircase locomotion in pregnant and non-pregnant women. METHODS: Data were collected on 29 pregnant women in their second and ...
Demirhan Osman O Department of Medical Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Çukurova, Adana, - - 2013
Fetal cells can enter maternal blood during pregnancy but whether they can also cross the blood-brain barrier to enter the maternal brain remains poorly understood. Previous results suggest that fetal cells are summoned to repair damage to the mother's brain. If this is confirmed, it would open up new and ...
Ocal Işil - - 2013
The present study was aimed at determining the effective doses of Dexmedetomidine (Dex) involved in amplitude of contraction-force and frequency of uterine rings in pregnancy terms of rats. All experiments involving animal subjects were carried out with the approval of animal care and use Ethical Committee of Cukurova University. Experiments ...
Zuzek Crystal - - 2013
In this year&#39;s legislative session, lawmakers passed Senate Bill 495, aimed at helping physicians and public health officials reduce the tragic toll of maternal death in the state. It creates the Maternal Mortality and Morbidity Review Task Force under the Texas Department of State Health Services. The task force will ...
Maruthini Deivanayagam D The Leeds Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Seacroft Hospital, Leeds LS14 6UH, - - 2013
We present a case of recurrent ruptured right cornual ectopic pregnancies conceived after IVF. Following the second episode, a sonohysterography was undertaken to identify possible areas of scar weakness that may rupture with uterine distension in a future pregnancy. The scan revealed asymmetrical muscle thickness in the cornual regions, the ...
Ghaffari Firouzeh F Department of Endocrinology and Female Infertility at Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of easy and difficult embryo transfers (ET) on implantation and pregnancy rates. In this prospective study, we analyzed the results of 706 ET procedures over a 12-month period. An easy ET was defined as a transfer that occurred without the ...
Ghajar K - - 2012
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of pregnancy on orthodontic tooth movement in Wistar rats. Material and Methods: Forty eight female three-month old Wistar rats with an average weight of 250±25 gr were selected and randomly divided into two experimental (pregnant) and control groups (non-pregnant). ...
Kagan K O KO Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of - - 2012
Over the last few years, first trimester screening between 11+ and 13+ weeks of gestation has become one of the most important ultrasound examinations in pregnancy, as it allows physicians to predict several pregnancy complications including pre-eclampsia or pre-term birth. Screening for trisomies 21/18 and 13 using maternal and gestational ...
Masihi Sara S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, - - 2012
Central nervous system malformations are the second most common congenital malformations after congenital heart diseases. These malformations are associated with many instances of morbidity and mortality which underline the importance of prevention and their early diagnosis. The objective of this study is the diagnosis of neural tube defect (NTDs) in ...
Yassaee Fakhrolmolouk F Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Genomic Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Taleghani Hospital, Tehran, - - 2012
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a disease that commonly affects women of reproductive age and is associated with maternal and fetal complications. The aim of the present study was to report the perinatal outcome in pregnant women with ITP. Twenty one pregnant women with ITP admitted in a teaching hospital ...
Isobe Tetsuya - - 2012
The World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, which include percent motility and sperm concentration, are the only criteria for evaluating sperm quality and conception ability. However, these criteria are insufficient to evaluate the possibility of natural pregnancy. Thus, an index that can directly evaluate the possibility of a natural pregnancy is ...
Mehta Akanksha - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To evaluate the role of varicocelectomy in the management of patients with varicoceles and nonobstructive azoospermia and to review predictors of successful outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Several small, retrospective, noncontrolled studies have documented return of sperm to the ejaculate in up to 56% of men with nonobstructive azoospermia ...
Endo Yuji - - 2012
To report the clinical outcomes following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with vitrified sperm from patients with severe male factor infertility. Retrospective case series. IVF unit of a medical center. Three patients with severe oligozoospermia or nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). Cryopreservation of limited numbers of spermatozoa with the use of Cryotop and ...
Dai Shan-Jun - - 2012
Several studies have reported improved IVF by shortening the time of sperm-oocyte coincubation from 16-18 hours to 1-4 hours. The objective of this study was to examine the advantages and disadvantages of a shortened sperm-oocyte coincubation time in order to assess the effects of this insemination method for clinical IVF ...
Hernandez-Medrano J H - - 2012
Folliculogenesis is an intricate process that involves the proliferation and differentiation of both somatic and germ cells. This process depends on complex interactions between systemic factors such as both pituitary gonadotrophins and metabolic hormones and/or local factors produced by the ovarian somatic and germ cells, such as the IGF system ...
Kaplan Bonnie J - - 2012
The Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition (APrON) study is an ongoing prospective cohort study that recruits pregnant women early in pregnancy and, as of 2012, is following up their infants to 3 years of age. It has currently enrolled approximately 5000 Canadians (2000 pregnant women, their offspring and many of ...
Shrimpton Roger - - 2012
Undernutrition in one form or another affects the majority of women of reproductive age in most developing countries. However, there are few or no effective programmes trying to solve maternal undernutrition problems. The purpose of the paper is to examine global policy and programme guidance mechanisms for nutrition, what their ...
Girard Amy Webb - - 2012
Nutrition education and counselling (NEC) is a commonly applied strategy to improve maternal nutrition during pregnancy. However, with the exception special populations and specific diets, the effect of NEC on maternal, neonatal and child health outcomes has not been systematically reviewed. Using a modified Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group method ...
Sänger N N Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, - - 2012
Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate foetal signal quality obtained using an antenatal foetal ECG system (Monica 24™) and compare it with Doppler ultrasound CTG monitoring (Corometrics® 250 series). Material and Methods: Seventy pregnant women (gestational age: between 20 + 0 weeks and 40 + 0 weeks) were examined using the Monica AN24™ system ...
Kratschla-Apochal A A Gynaecology Department, Spital Herisau, Herisau, - - 2012
Heterotopic pregnancy (HP), i.e. the simultaneous development of an intrauterine and an ectopic pregnancy, is rare with a reported incidence of between 1 : 2600 and 1 : 30 000. Only a few cases have been described in the literature. We report here on an extremely rare case of HP after natural conception with cardiac ...
Hayden S S - - 2012
Placement of sperm deep in the equine uterine horn allows fewer sperm to be inseminated while maintaining acceptable fertility, and has been promoted for use in circumstances when fertility would be expected to be low if standard insemination were used (e.g., semen from a subfertile stallion, or frozen-thawed semen). Two ...
Kumar Kishlay - - 2012
Standard semen parameters are poor predictors of fertility potential. To date, apart from, paternal karyotyping sperm factors are not evaluated in recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), only recent studies have emphasized the role of sperm factors in early embryonic development as sperm transcribes genes critical for early embryonic development. Sperm DNA ...
Young Brett C - - 2012
As the incidence of twin gestation increases, it is important to consider the maternal risks associated with carrying multiples. Compared with singleton gestation, there are increased risks to the mother during the antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum periods. Certain pregnancy complications are more likely to occur during a twin gestation, including ...
Lindsay K L - - 2012
Lindsay K.L., Gibney E.R. & McAuliffe F.M. (2012) Maternal nutrition among women from Sub-Saharan Africa, with a focus on Nigeria, and potential implications for pregnancy outcomes among immigrant populations in developed countries. J Hum Nutr Diet. ABSTRACT: Pregnant women in countries of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are at risk of poor ...
Cavallini Giorgio - - 2012
The objective of this study was to investigate whether medical therapy can reduce sperm aneuploidy levels and improve the results of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in patients with severe idiopathic oligoasthenoteratospermia (OAT). Thirty-three infertile couples requiring ICSI because of severe idiopathic OAT after at least one unsuccessful ICSI cycle were ...
Zhang Lihong - - 2012
The pathogenesis of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is multi-factorial, complex and poorly understood. In the present study, semen parameters, including sperm chromatin integrity, sperm concentration, sperm motility and sperm morphology, were compared between 111 men whose partners had a history of unexplained RSA (RSA group) and 30 healthy fertile men ...
Vignini A - - 2012
Exposure of the fetus to the intrauterine milieu can have profound effects on the health of the offspring in adulthood. These observations are highly reproducible in many populations worldwide although the mechanisms behind them remain elusive. The 'thrifty phenotype' hypothesis proposes that poor fetal nutrition leads to programming of metabolism ...
Sabry Abdel-Hameed Abdel Tawab - - 2012
A woman's nutritional status should be assessed preconception with the goal of optimizing maternal, fetal, and infant health. Pregnancy-related dietary changes should begin prior to conception, with appropriate modifications across pregnancy and during lactation. The Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) are levels of nutrients recommended by an expert IOM panel based ...
Reinhard J J Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt, - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the functional adaptive process of the fetal autonomic nervous system during hypnosis from the 20th week of gestation till term. Are there changes in the power spectrum analysis of fetal heart rate when the mother is having a clinical hypnosis or control period? Study Design: Fourty-nine FHR ...
Shiraishi Koji - - 2012
Varicocele is the most common and treatable cause of male infertility. Studies of a rat experimental left varicocele model and human testicular biopsy samples have shown the involvement of various factors in its pathophysiology. Among them, oxidative stress plays a major role in impairing spermatogenesis and sperm function. Therefore, in ...
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