Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 622
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Alikani Mina - - 2003
BACKGROUND: This study attempts to identify risk factors for monozygotic (MZ) twinning following assisted conception. METHODS: Eighty-one MZ twinning pregnancies that occurred over a 7-year period in our IVF/embryo transfer programme were evaluated. These were compared with 4224 non-MZ pregnancies from the same period. RESULTS: The overall incidence of MZ ...
Egan William J - - 2003
Copy toner samples were analyzed using reflection-absorption infrared microscopy (R-A IR). The grouping of copy toners into distinguishable classes achieved by visual comparison and computer-assisted spectral matching was compared to that achieved by multivariate discriminant analysis. For a data set containing spectra of 430 copy toners, 90% (388/430) of the ...
Blanco-Davila Feliciano - - 2003
In Latin American countries, studies on the incidence of cleft lip and palate are not widely available. A 10-year retrospective study was carried out to determine the incidence of cleft lip and palate at the Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon's University Hospital. The study included data from patients who attended ...
Jakobsen Linda P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe the occurrence of cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) and isolated cleft palate (CP) in the Faroe Islands and Greenland over a 50-year time period that has included substantial changes in lifestyle. DESIGN: A prevalence study based on patient records obtained from the Institute of ...
Aubert B - - 2003
We present measurements of the branching fraction and CP-violating asymmetries for neutral B decays to D(*+/-)D-/+. The measurement uses a data sample of approximately 88x10(6) Upsilon(4S)-->BBmacr; decays collected with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II asymmetric-energy e(+)-e(-) collider. By fully reconstructing the D(*+/-)D-/+ decay products, we measure the branching ...
Kunugi Hiroshi - - 2003
A case is described herein of monozygotic twins discordant for schizophrenia that illustrates possible causal events of prenatal underdevelopment, morphological changes in the brain, poor premorbid functioning, and the development of schizophrenia. The affected twin was born with a birthweight of 1620 g, whereas the unaffected twin weighed 2300 g ...
Svensson Da - - 2003
Evidence of a familial risk factor in cluster headache is accumulating and studies of twin concordance may resolve family resemblance into genetic and environmental influences. The past literature on cluster headache in twins comprises a few case reports of concordant monozygotic pairs. Swedish twin pairs with a diagnosis of cluster ...
Czeizel A E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Thiethylperazine is a commonly used anti-emetic drug during pregnancy in Hungary. One experimental study in mice and rats found an increased occurrence of cleft palate after the use of thiethylperazine during pregnancy but the human data of thiethylperazine have not been reported. Thus, the aim of the study was ...
Ono Takashi - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the temporospatial pattern of nerve growth factor receptor (NGFR) immunolocalization during human palatal closure. MATERIALS: Human palate and tongue tissues from 33 embryos/fetuses, 9 to 22 weeks of fertilization age. METHODS: Tissues were divided according to developmental stage and palatal development (before, during, and after closure) and ...
Chou Chung T - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We surveyed B27 and its subtypes in 5 ethnic groups in Taiwan. METHODS: Blood was obtained from 281 Aborigine people of the Atayal tribe (I-Lan), 141 Paiwan (Ping-Ton), 38 Rukai (Ping-Ton), and 40 Yami (Orchid Island), and also 47 B27+ healthy Han Chinese subjects and 82 B27+ Han patients ...
Annett Marian - - 2003
A study of the heritability of lobar brain volumes in twins has introduced a new approach to questions about the genetics of cerebral asymmetry. In addition to the classic comparison between monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins, a contrast was made between pairs of two right-handers (RR pairs) and pairs ...
Shankarkumar U - - 2003
HLA-B27 is a serological specificity which encompasses an increasing number of subtypes that show varied racial/ethnic prevalence in the world. Here, data from 5129 Indians (4500 population and caste; 629 tribal) is compiled from the literature. In addition, HLA-B27 subtyping of 58 positive individuals from Maharastra is presented. Analysis revealed ...
Ashrafi Ali Reza - - 2003
Jajcay's studies (1993; 1994) on the automorphism groups of Cayley maps yielded a new product of groups, which he called, rotary product. Using this product, we define a hyperoperation [symbol: see text] on the group Syme(G), the stabilizer of the identity e [symbol: see text] G in the group Sym(G). ...
Christensen Kaare - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Numerous rare genetic conditions are known to influence fecundability in both males and females. It is less clear to what extent more subtle genetic differences influence fecundability on a population level. METHODS: In 1994 a population-based survey was conducted among Danish twins born 1953-1982. Fecundability was assessed as the ...
McIntosh A M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: This study sought to clarify the role of obstetric complications (OCs) and maternal recall bias for patients with first episodes of schizophrenia and those at increased risk of the disorder. METHOD: Subjects at high risk of schizophrenia were compared with people with first-episode schizophrenia and with healthy volunteers. Consenting ...
Anderson John H - - 2002
CONTEXT: Although phenotypic heterogeneity in autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) has been explained in part by genotypic heterogeneity, clinical observations suggest the influence of additional factors. OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate, quantitate, and localize physiologic abnormalities attributable to nongenetic factors in the development of hereditary SCA. DESIGN: Quantitative assessments of ocular motor ...
James William H - - 2002
It is well established that the distribution of the combinations of handedness (LL, LR, and RR) in twin pairs is roughly binomial regardless of zygosity or sex. This fact has challenged current genetic models of handedness. We show here that: (a) there must be at least one environmental determinant of ...
Perry Rebecca - - 2002
Since the advent of biochemical screening for congenital hypothyroidism, the majority of monozygotic twins reported with thyroid dysgenesis have been discordant, and most were missed on neonatal screening, presumably due to fetal blood mixing. We hypothesized that there may be bias leading to preferential reporting of discordant twins and/or of ...
Wayne C - - 2002
Facial clefts, as a group, represent one of the most frequently occurring congenital abnormalities detectable on prenatal mid-trimester scan. It has been estimated that, at term, approximately 1 in 1000 infants will be diagnosed with an isolated facial cleft. The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity and ...
Pak D - - 2002
To enhance nitrification, natural zeolite and activated carbon were tested as a media in a biofilter to treat wastewater containing relatively high concentrations of TKN. Using those media, the adsorption isotherms for ammonium ion were compared; the K values for natural zeolite and activated carbon were found to be 0.5117 ...
Aubert B - - 2002
We present results from a search for the flavor-changing neutral current decays B-->Kl(+)l(-) and B-->K(*)l(+)l(-), where l(+)l(-) is either an e(+)e(-) or mu(+)mu(-) pair. The data sample comprises 22.7 x 10(6) Upsilon(4S)-->B(-)B decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II B Factory. We obtain the 90% C.L. upper limits ...
Segal Nancy L - - 2002
The present study compared bereavement responses of 325 monozygotic (MZ) and 176 dizygotic (DZ) adolescent and adult twins following the loss of their co-twins. A subset of twins completed the Grief Experience Inventory using a retrospective time frame, while a second subset completed it using a current time frame. It ...
Weinzweig Jeffrey - - 2002
The role of fetal surgery in the management of congenital anomalies and intrauterine abnormalities is appropriately restricted on the basis of feasibility and risk-to-benefit analyses of intrauterine intervention. Recently, the authors demonstrated that in utero cleft palate repair of the congenital caprine model is technically feasible and results in scarless ...
Mitalipov Shoukhrat M - - 2002
The nonhuman primate is a relevant model for human disease that can be used for diverse biomedical investigations. The ability to propagate a founder animal by application of assisted reproductive technologies is pressing, but an even greater need in many studies is access to genetically identical animals. In an effort ...
Osbahr Daryl C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Increased external rotation and decreased internal rotation have been noted to occur progressively in the throwing shoulder of baseball pitchers. HYPOTHESIS: Proximal remodeling of the humerus contributes to the rotational asymmetry between shoulders in pitchers. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive anatomic study. METHODS: Both shoulders of 19 male college baseball pitchers ...
Tetreau Catherine - - 2002
The kinetics of oxygen geminate binding with the taxonomic substates of MbO2 are reported. The maximum entropy method was used to analyze the rebinding kinetics of MbCO and MbO2 monitored in the Soret. The resulting rate distributions were found to consist of a small number of overlapping bands. A global ...
Jones Marilyn C - - 2002
As ultrasound becomes more widely utilized in pregnancy and imaging technology improves, cleft lip and palate will become more commonly identified in prenatal life. In efforts to meet the needs for information regarding cause and management, pregnant women and their partners are increasingly referred to cleft and craniofacial treatment programs. ...
Nestor K E - - 2002
Developmental stability of several Japanese quail lines was measured by bilateral asymmetry. Lines included in the study were as follows: a randombred control (R1), sublines of R1 selected for increased (HW line) and decreased (LW line) 4-wk BW, and sublines of R1 selected for increased (HP line) or decreased (LP ...
Enders A C - - 2002
An individual embryo from day 15 of gestation in the rhesus monkey showed partial separation of the cranial end of the embryonic shield into two separate cell masses with separate amnions but with a common yolk sac. Although what the fate of this conceptus might have been is not known, ...
Olivennes François - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To describe selective embryo reduction of two triplet pregnancies with a monozygotic twin. DESIGN: Case reports. SETTING: Infertility unit of a Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. PATIENT(S): Two patients treated with IVF-ET who had triplet pregnancies. INTERVENTION(S): Selective embryo reduction of monozygotic twins. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Fetal heart beat. ...
Rosa Araceli - - 2002
The presence of abnormal palmar flexion creases (APFC) and dermatoglyphic ridge dissociation (RD) may constitute enduring evidence of a prenatal insult that occurred before the third trimester of intrauterine life. We examined these dermatoglyphic abnormalities in a twin study of psychotic disorders. RD and APFC were analyzed in a monozygotic ...
Martin William Lee Berdel - - 2002
Many surveys report a higher incidence of left-handedness in younger than in older cohorts, and explanations for this phenomenon have centred around two rival hypotheses. The modification hypothesis attributes this trend to secular differences in the social tolerance of left-handed preferences, whereas the elimination hypothesis contends that left-handers have a ...
Strömland Kerstin - - 2002
Mobius sequence/syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by congenital palsy of the 6th and 7th cranial nerves. Other cranial nerves may be affected, skeletal and orofacial anomalies and mental retardation occur. The aims were to determine the frequency of associated clinical characteristics and to identify any pregnancy or environmental factors ...
Meseguer Elena - - 2002
We present a 45-year-old female with severe parkinsonism induced by kava-kava. The patient, who had a family history of essential tremor, developed severe and persistent parkinsonism after days of treatment with kava extract for anxiety. The symptoms improved with anticholinergics. Kava derivatives could produce severe parkinsonism in individuals with genetic ...
Blumrosen Efrat - - 2002
There is an ongoing controversy whether the presence of a male twin affects the birth weight of its female co-twin, and if affected, whether birth weights of females are lower or higher in the presence of a male co-twin. The purpose of this study was to study this controversy in ...
Schredl M - - 2001
The coefficients of internal consistency and retest reliability had been rarely investigated within the methodology of dream content analysis. Analyzing a dream series of elderly, healthy persons obtained from weekly telephone interviews, the internal consistency of a series of 20 dreams and retests after 4 or 22 weeks, respectively, had ...
Steinman G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate phenomena contributing to the maintenance and persistence of early uniovular pregnancies. It is proposed that the decreased survival of monozygotic (MZ) multifetal gestations is related to a smaller uteroplacental junctional (UPJ) area during and following implantation when compared with dizygotic (DZ) pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Pertinent placental data ...
Boskovic R - - 2001
There is wide variability in the reported adverse fetal effects of cocaine and cannabinoids. The causes of this variability are largely unknown. We hypothesized that variability in placental handling of drugs affect fetal exposure. We used twin pregnancies as a paradigm to address the role of the placenta in this ...
West M - - 2001
Axial volcano, which is located near the intersection of the Juan de Fuca ridge and the Cobb-Eickelberg seamount chain beneath the northeast Pacific Ocean, is a locus of volcanic activity thought to be associated with the Cobb hotspot. The volcano rises 700 metres above the ridge, has substantial rift zones ...
Greenberg D A - - 2001
It is widely accepted that genes play a role in the etiology of autism. Evidence for this derives, in part, from twin data. However, despite converging evidence from gene-mapping studies, aspects of the genetic contribution remain obscure. In a sample of families selected because each had exactly two affected sibs, ...
Ijzerman R G - - 2001
Epidemiological studies have consistently shown a positive association between size at birth (i.e. birth weight or birth length) and height in children, adolescents and adults. To examine whether this association is explained by genetic or nongenetic (intra-uterine) factors, we investigated birth weight, birth length and height in 60 dizygotic and ...
Piatt J H JH - - 2001
External hydrocephalus (EH) is a transient, developmental condition in infancy characterized by macrocephaly and prominence of the subarachnoid spaces. The cause is unknown, but many patients have a family history consistent with autosomal dominant inheritance. This report describes a pair of monozygotic twins, only one of whom--the recipient of a ...
Johansson M - - 2001
Many studies have found an inverse association between fetal growth and cardiovascular disease related to the metabolic syndrome in adulthood. Nevertheless, the relative importance of genetics and the intrauterine environment remain unclear. The objective of the study was to test the fetal origins hypothesis and the fetal insulin resistance hypothesis ...
Schindler K - - 2001
The authors report the clinical, EEG, and SPECT findings of a patient with nocturnal paroxysmal dystonia. Ictal and interictal scalp EEG showed epileptiform activity over both frontal lobes. Subtraction ictal SPECT co-registered to MRI indicated a bilateral significant hyperperfusion in the anterior part of the cingulate gyrus. These results support ...
Wang J - - 2001
A classifying method on bulk blue ballpoint pen ink has been studied by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. By using this method, a total of 108 blue ink samples have been divided into two groups depending on their main component. Spectral characteristics of these inks such as frequency and absorbance ...
Su K P - - 2001
Because of the potential adverse events and teratogenesis of antipsychotic drugs, it is important to find a safe and effective treatment for pregnant women with severe mental illness. The membrane hypothesis of schizophrenia provides a rationale to treat symptoms of schizophrenia with omega-3 PUFAs. We report a 30-year-old married woman ...
Birch M P - - 2001
Male pattern balding is a common androgen-dependent trait. The frequency of balding in the population increases with age but not all men develop balding even in old age. It is well-known that balding tends to run in families but the nature of the underlying genetic predisposition and the mode of ...
Sundberg J - - 2001
The "singer's formant" is a prominent spectrum envelope peak near 3 kHz, typically found in voiced sounds produced by classical operatic singers. According to previous research, it is mainly a resonatory phenomenon produced by a clustering of formants 3, 4, and 5. Its level relative to the first formant peak ...
Warren J W - - 2001
Our objective was to determine whether there is a greater concordance of interstitial cystitis (IC) among monozygotic than dizygotic twins. Members of the Interstitial Cystitis Association (ICA) who responded to a survey about first-degree family members with IC symptoms or confirmed IC were requested to identify themselves if they were ...
Gervil M - - 2001
Migraine without aura (MO) is a multifactorial disorder. Expression of a disorder with multifactorial inheritance depends on the genetic liability and on environmental factors. A high liability is reflected by a high frequency of affected relatives. We have previously shown that monozygotic (MZ) twin pairs have a significant higher concordance ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >