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Freitag N N Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Medicine University of Berlin, Charité Centre 12 Internal Medicine and Dermatology, Berlin, - - 2014
Normal placentation relies on an efficient maternal adaptation to pregnancy. Within the decidua, natural killer (NK) cells and dendritic cells (DC) have a critical role in modulating angiogenesis and decidualization associated with pregnancy. However, the contribution of these immune cells to the placentation process and subsequently fetal development remains largely ...
Mahmoud Mustafa Z MZ Salman bin Abdulaziz University, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Radiology and Medical Imaging Department, Al-Kharj- Saudi Arabia. & Sudan University of Science and Technology, College of Medical Radiological Sciences, Basic Sciences Department, Khartoum- Sudan.. - - 2014
This study was designed with an aim to detect the congenital anomalies appear to be linked to and in conjunction with hydrocephalus fetuses in Sudan, when ultrasound is used to exam fetuses in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. This prospective cohort study was performed from December 2011 to ...
Lelic Melisa M University of Tuzla Medical Faculty Univerzitetska 1, Tuzla Bosnia and Herzegovina. - - 2014
Iron deficiency, causing maternal sideropenic anemia, is one of the most frequent nutritive disorder that develops during the pregnancy. We collected 30 placentas from anemic mothers and 30 placentas from mothers belonging to the control group. Terminal villi (magnification 10x) and terminal villi capillaries (magnification 40x) were stereologically analyzed and ...
Bashore Cynthia J CJ Maryland Institute for Applied Environmental Health, University of Maryland School of Public Health, College Park, Room 2234F, College Park, MD 20742-2611, USA. - - 2014
Adverse birth outcomes including preterm birth (PTB: <37 weeks gestation) and low birth weight (LBW: <2500 g) can result in severe infant morbidity and mortality. In the United States, there are racial and ethnic differences in the prevalence of PTB and LBW. We investigated the association between PTB and LBW ...
Folescu Roxana R Department of Anatomy and Embryology, "Victor Babes" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania; - - 2014
Placenta, as a highly specialized organ in connecting the maternal and fetal organism, is frequently affected by a specific vascular pathology. The correlation between the macroscopic and the microscopic aspects of the fetal placenta vascularization together with the appearance of fibrin deposits is used to determine the pathological cause of ...
Lalevée S S Laboratory for Prenatal Medicine, Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel, Basel CH-4031, - - 2014
Preeclampsia is a severe pregnancy-related disorder and a leading cause of maternal and fetal mortality worldwide. Early identification of patients with an increased risk for preeclampsia is thus one of the most important goals in obstetrics. Here we identify two related human microRNAs as potential biomarkers to detect at-risk pregnancies. ...
Holland Danielle D 0000-0003-4407-6771 Eastern Virginia Medical School, 604 Fairfax Avenue Norfolk, VA 23507, - - 2014
Although incomplete spontaneous abortions are common in early pregnancy, fetal decapitation does not specifically appear in the medical literature as a known complication of spontaneous abortion. We present a rare and unusual case of an incomplete spontaneous abortion occurring at home with the mother presenting to the emergency department (ED) ...
Sachan Rekha R Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
Uterine torsion is defined as a rotation of the uterus of more than 45° along its long axis. It is a rare complication during pregnancy; a common cause of torsion can be uterine myoma. Here we describe the case of a 27-year-old G2P1+0 woman at 15 weeks 3 day pregnancy, who presented ...
Chitty Lyn S LS UCL Institute of Child Health, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust and University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London WC1N 3BH, UK - - 2014
To assess the accuracy of fetal RHD genotyping using cell-free fetal DNA in maternal plasma at different gestational ages. A prospective multicentre cohort study. Seven maternity units in England. RhD negative pregnant women who booked for antenatal care before 24 weeks' gestation. Women who gave consent for fetal RHD genotyping ...
Kacerovsky Marian M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Kralove, University Hospital in Hradec Kralove, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic; Biomedical Research Center, University Hospital in Hradec Kralove, Hradec Kralove, Czech - - 2014
To determine the association between the presence of oligohydramnios, determined as an amniotic fluid index ≤ 5 cm and the intra-amniotic inflammatory response, fetal inflammatory response and neonatal outcomes in actively managed preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (PPROM). Women with singleton pregnancies complicated by PPROM at a gestational age of ...
Schlütter Jacob Mørup JM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Aarhus, - - 2014
To identify factors influencing the number of fetal cells in maternal blood. A total of 57 pregnant women at a gestational age of weeks 11-14 were included. The number of fetal cells in maternal blood was assessed in 30 ml of blood using specific markers for both enrichment and subsequent ...
Li Hui H Department of Pathology, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University Chengdu, - - 2014
In this paper, we described a placenta with vesicular lesions in a 23-year-old woman (1-gravid) who visited our hospital at 13 weeks of gestation on prenatal routine examination. Ultrasound findings showed multiple vesicular lesions which gradually increased as the pregnancy advanced, and a live normal-appearing fetus which was confirmed of ...
Than Nándor Gábor NG Perinatology Research Branch, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services , Bethesda, MD, and Detroit, MI , USA ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University School of Medicine , Detroit, MI , USA ; Maternity Private Department, Kútvölgyi Clinical Block, Semmelweis University , Budapest , Hungary ; Institute of Enzymology, Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences , Budapest , - - 2014
Galectins are glycan-binding proteins that regulate innate and adaptive immune responses, and some confer maternal-fetal immune tolerance in eutherian mammals. A chromosome 19 cluster of galectins has emerged in anthropoid primates, species with deep placentation and long gestation. Three of the five human cluster galectins are solely expressed in the ...
Marseglia Lucia L Neonatal and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University of Messina, Via Consolare Valeria 1, 98125 Messina, - - 2014
Oxidative stress is worldwide recognized as a fundamental component of the aging, a process that begins before birth. There is a critical balance between free radical generation and antioxidant defenses. Oxidative stress is caused by an imbalance between the production of free radicals and the ability of antioxidant system to ...
Anyfantakis Dimitrios D Primary Health Care Centre of Kissamos, Loulakaki 13, Lentariana, 73134 Chania, Crete, - - 2014
Subcapsular hematoma of the liver represents an unusual clinical phenomenon in the pregnancy and postpartum period with serious complications in terms of fetal and maternal mortality. Here we report a case of a 32-year-old primiparous female at 36 weeks of gestation, admitted to a maternity ward of a private clinic ...
Brett Kendra Elizabeth KE Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, 401 Smyth Rd., Ottawa, ON K1H 8L1, Canada. - - 2014
Appropriate in utero growth is essential for offspring development and is a critical contributor to long-term health. Fetal growth is largely dictated by the availability of nutrients in maternal circulation and the ability of these nutrients to be transported into fetal circulation via the placenta. Substrate flux across placental gradients ...
Piccardi Laura - - 2013
Discordant findings have been reported about the change in pregnant women's cognitive test performance. Visuo-spatial abilities, which are crucial in terrestrial/flight navigation, could be influenced by hormonal variations. A 32-yr-old Italian Air Force pilot underwent a 2-D Mental Rotation Task (MRT) and hormonal assessment in the second trimester of pregnancy ...
Stær-Jensen Jette - - 2013
To investigate whether pregnancy affects levator hiatus dimensions and the position and mobility of the bladder neck and the levator ani muscle in nulliparous pregnant women. In the present study, 274 nulliparous pregnant women were examined at 21 weeks and 37 weeks of gestation using three-dimensional and four-dimensional transperineal ultrasonography ...
Borges Kevin Joseph Jerome - - 2013
Pregnancy induced hypertension results from defective trophoblast invasion and increased umbilical artery resistance which in turn results in decreased blood supply to the placenta and hence to the foetus. This arterial resistance varies in different cases of PIH thus causing variable effects on placenta and foetus. The objective of this ...
McCrory Jean L - - 2013
Pregnant women experience numerous physical alterations during pregnancy which may place them at an increased risk of falls. The purpose of this study was to examine ground reaction forces (GRFs) during staircase locomotion in pregnant and non-pregnant women. METHODS: Data were collected on 29 pregnant women in their second and ...
Demirhan Osman O Department of Medical Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Çukurova, Adana, - - 2013
Fetal cells can enter maternal blood during pregnancy but whether they can also cross the blood-brain barrier to enter the maternal brain remains poorly understood. Previous results suggest that fetal cells are summoned to repair damage to the mother's brain. If this is confirmed, it would open up new and ...
Ocal Işil - - 2013
The present study was aimed at determining the effective doses of Dexmedetomidine (Dex) involved in amplitude of contraction-force and frequency of uterine rings in pregnancy terms of rats. All experiments involving animal subjects were carried out with the approval of animal care and use Ethical Committee of Cukurova University. Experiments ...
Zuzek Crystal - - 2013
In this year&#39;s legislative session, lawmakers passed Senate Bill 495, aimed at helping physicians and public health officials reduce the tragic toll of maternal death in the state. It creates the Maternal Mortality and Morbidity Review Task Force under the Texas Department of State Health Services. The task force will ...
Maruthini Deivanayagam D The Leeds Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Seacroft Hospital, Leeds LS14 6UH, - - 2013
We present a case of recurrent ruptured right cornual ectopic pregnancies conceived after IVF. Following the second episode, a sonohysterography was undertaken to identify possible areas of scar weakness that may rupture with uterine distension in a future pregnancy. The scan revealed asymmetrical muscle thickness in the cornual regions, the ...
Ghaffari Firouzeh F Department of Endocrinology and Female Infertility at Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of easy and difficult embryo transfers (ET) on implantation and pregnancy rates. In this prospective study, we analyzed the results of 706 ET procedures over a 12-month period. An easy ET was defined as a transfer that occurred without the ...
Ghajar K - - 2012
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of pregnancy on orthodontic tooth movement in Wistar rats. Material and Methods: Forty eight female three-month old Wistar rats with an average weight of 250±25 gr were selected and randomly divided into two experimental (pregnant) and control groups (non-pregnant). ...
Isobe Tetsuya - - 2012
The World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, which include percent motility and sperm concentration, are the only criteria for evaluating sperm quality and conception ability. However, these criteria are insufficient to evaluate the possibility of natural pregnancy. Thus, an index that can directly evaluate the possibility of a natural pregnancy is ...
Mehta Akanksha - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To evaluate the role of varicocelectomy in the management of patients with varicoceles and nonobstructive azoospermia and to review predictors of successful outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Several small, retrospective, noncontrolled studies have documented return of sperm to the ejaculate in up to 56% of men with nonobstructive azoospermia ...
Endo Yuji - - 2012
To report the clinical outcomes following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with vitrified sperm from patients with severe male factor infertility. Retrospective case series. IVF unit of a medical center. Three patients with severe oligozoospermia or nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). Cryopreservation of limited numbers of spermatozoa with the use of Cryotop and ...
Dai Shan-Jun - - 2012
Several studies have reported improved IVF by shortening the time of sperm-oocyte coincubation from 16-18 hours to 1-4 hours. The objective of this study was to examine the advantages and disadvantages of a shortened sperm-oocyte coincubation time in order to assess the effects of this insemination method for clinical IVF ...
Hernandez-Medrano J H - - 2012
Folliculogenesis is an intricate process that involves the proliferation and differentiation of both somatic and germ cells. This process depends on complex interactions between systemic factors such as both pituitary gonadotrophins and metabolic hormones and/or local factors produced by the ovarian somatic and germ cells, such as the IGF system ...
Kaplan Bonnie J - - 2012
The Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition (APrON) study is an ongoing prospective cohort study that recruits pregnant women early in pregnancy and, as of 2012, is following up their infants to 3 years of age. It has currently enrolled approximately 5000 Canadians (2000 pregnant women, their offspring and many of ...
Shrimpton Roger - - 2012
Undernutrition in one form or another affects the majority of women of reproductive age in most developing countries. However, there are few or no effective programmes trying to solve maternal undernutrition problems. The purpose of the paper is to examine global policy and programme guidance mechanisms for nutrition, what their ...
Girard Amy Webb - - 2012
Nutrition education and counselling (NEC) is a commonly applied strategy to improve maternal nutrition during pregnancy. However, with the exception special populations and specific diets, the effect of NEC on maternal, neonatal and child health outcomes has not been systematically reviewed. Using a modified Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group method ...
Hayden S S - - 2012
Placement of sperm deep in the equine uterine horn allows fewer sperm to be inseminated while maintaining acceptable fertility, and has been promoted for use in circumstances when fertility would be expected to be low if standard insemination were used (e.g., semen from a subfertile stallion, or frozen-thawed semen). Two ...
Kumar Kishlay - - 2012
Standard semen parameters are poor predictors of fertility potential. To date, apart from, paternal karyotyping sperm factors are not evaluated in recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), only recent studies have emphasized the role of sperm factors in early embryonic development as sperm transcribes genes critical for early embryonic development. Sperm DNA ...
Young Brett C - - 2012
As the incidence of twin gestation increases, it is important to consider the maternal risks associated with carrying multiples. Compared with singleton gestation, there are increased risks to the mother during the antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum periods. Certain pregnancy complications are more likely to occur during a twin gestation, including ...
Lindsay K L - - 2012
Lindsay K.L., Gibney E.R. & McAuliffe F.M. (2012) Maternal nutrition among women from Sub-Saharan Africa, with a focus on Nigeria, and potential implications for pregnancy outcomes among immigrant populations in developed countries. J Hum Nutr Diet. ABSTRACT: Pregnant women in countries of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are at risk of poor ...
Cavallini Giorgio - - 2012
The objective of this study was to investigate whether medical therapy can reduce sperm aneuploidy levels and improve the results of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in patients with severe idiopathic oligoasthenoteratospermia (OAT). Thirty-three infertile couples requiring ICSI because of severe idiopathic OAT after at least one unsuccessful ICSI cycle were ...
Zhang Lihong - - 2012
The pathogenesis of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is multi-factorial, complex and poorly understood. In the present study, semen parameters, including sperm chromatin integrity, sperm concentration, sperm motility and sperm morphology, were compared between 111 men whose partners had a history of unexplained RSA (RSA group) and 30 healthy fertile men ...
Vignini A - - 2012
Exposure of the fetus to the intrauterine milieu can have profound effects on the health of the offspring in adulthood. These observations are highly reproducible in many populations worldwide although the mechanisms behind them remain elusive. The 'thrifty phenotype' hypothesis proposes that poor fetal nutrition leads to programming of metabolism ...
Sabry Abdel-Hameed Abdel Tawab - - 2012
A woman's nutritional status should be assessed preconception with the goal of optimizing maternal, fetal, and infant health. Pregnancy-related dietary changes should begin prior to conception, with appropriate modifications across pregnancy and during lactation. The Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) are levels of nutrients recommended by an expert IOM panel based ...
Shiraishi Koji - - 2012
Varicocele is the most common and treatable cause of male infertility. Studies of a rat experimental left varicocele model and human testicular biopsy samples have shown the involvement of various factors in its pathophysiology. Among them, oxidative stress plays a major role in impairing spermatogenesis and sperm function. Therefore, in ...
Desai Nina - - 2012
To describe a new technique for freezing individually isolated spermatazoa from testicular biopsies, epididymal aspirates and oligospermic semen samples Samples were evaluated for the presence of motile sperm before cryopreservation. Motile or twitching sperm were isolated with an ICSI needle for single sperm cryopreservation. Selected sperm were loaded on the ...
Philippou Prodromos - - 2012
We review the literature about the impact of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) on male reproduction. Studies investigating the in vitro effect of shock waves on semen samples indicate that spermatozoa are vulnerable to SWL. According to animal studies, intratesticular bleeding is common, but pregnancy rates are not affected by shock ...
Osborn Steven - - 2012
A 22-yr-old multiparous beluga, Delphinapterus leucas, with consistently elevated serum progesterone concentrations post-artificial insemination was diagnosed with viable twins at 149 days postconception. Twins were of similar size at least until day 264, the last point when ultrasound measurements of both twins were made. However, ultrasound was used to determine ...
Harnisch Jean M - - 2012
This article discusses pregnancy and nutrition in 3 main timeframes, the prepregnancy nutritional health evaluation, nutrition during pregnancy, and nutrition during the puerperium, and also includes comments on nutrition and lactation. This article begins with a brief review of the risks of obesity (increased body mass index [BMI]) and anorexia ...
Ghosh S - - 2012
The ideal method for sperm selection during Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is still ill-defined. Identification of a viable spermatozoon amongst immotile spermatozoa for ICSI often becomes difficult. Ninety-six ICSI cycles were selected and divided into Group A (azoospermic, n = 58) and Group B (complete asthenozoospermic, n = 38). Oocytes having birefringent meiotic spindle ...
Zeke József - - 2012
This is the first report showing a second clinical pregnancy of a couple who already have a baby from a previous frozen embryo transfer cycle when the embryos were generated from fresh oocytes that were fertilized by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) using frozen testicular spermatozoa (the couple have unsuccessful fresh ...
Urrutia-Morales Jorge - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate possible effects of improved protein and energy diet upon reproductive outcomes of adult goats under marginal rangeland grazing conditions and exposed to the male effect during the anoestrous-dry season. Adult goats (Nubian × Criollo, nonpregnant, nonlactating, n = 160, 22° 50' N, 100° 59' ...
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