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Derom Catherine - - 2006
The data of the population-based, prospective survey of multiple births in East Flanders, Belgium, show that a greater proportion of monozygotic twins is observed with clomiphene citrate as sole treatment compared with other ovulatory drugs. Among iatrogenic monozygotic twins, the ratio of monochorionic versus dichorionic pairs is higher compared with ...
Mohanty Subhendra - - 2006
The energy levels of the left- and the right-handed neutrinos are split in the background of gravitational waves generated during inflation, which, in presence of lepton-number-violating interactions, gives rise to a net lepton asymmetry at equilibrium. Lepton number violation is achieved by the same dimension five operator which gives rise ...
Kremen William S - - 2006
Twin studies are advantageous because sources of genetic and environmental variation are equated in ways that are not possible in standard case-control designs. We examined premorbid cognitive ability by comparing Armed Forces Qualification Test scores administered at the time of military enlistment in 21 schizophrenia-discordant twin pairs and 860 matched ...
Chmait R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prenatal detection rate of associated anomalies in fetuses with a suspected cleft lip with or without cleft palate. METHODS: Fetuses with a suspected cleft lip with or without cleft palate, determined by prenatal ultrasound, were prospectively enrolled. Additional anomalies suspected ...
Bullock Bernadette Marie - - 2006
This study uses a multitrait, multimethod (MTMM) approach to investigate the genetic and environmental etiologies of childhood deviant peer affiliation (DPA) and problem behavior (PROB). The variability of genetic and environmental estimates by agent and method is also examined. A total of 77 monozygotic and 72 dizygotic twin pairs and ...
Fu Yun-Xin - - 2006
The Kingman coalescent, which has become the foundation for a wide range of theoretical as well as empirical studies, was derived as an approximation of the Wright-Fisher (WF) model. The approximation heavily relies on the assumption that population size is large and sample size is much smaller than the population ...
Bernheim N - - 2006
Craniofacial anomalies, in particular cleft lip and palate, are major human birth defects with a worldwide frequency of 1 in 700 and substantial clinical impact. This article reviews the embryology of the face, lip, and palate to enhance the understanding of the pathogenesis of these lesions, with particular attention to ...
Schwartz Joshua J - - 2005
Nineteen uranium-lead zircon ages of lower crustal gabbros from Atlantis Bank, Southwest Indian Ridge, constrain the growth and construction of oceanic crust at this slow-spreading midocean ridge. Approximately 75% of the gabbros accreted within error of the predicted seafloor magnetic age, whereas approximately 25% are significantly older. These anomalously old ...
Bresnahan Michaeline - - 2005
The Prenatal Determinants of Schizophrenia (PDS) study was designed to examine early antecedents to schizophrenia. Based in the Child Health and Development Study cohort assembled in 1959-1967, over 12,000 cohort members were followed in the PDS study for psychiatric disorders. Using the extensive data and biological samples prospectively collected beginning ...
Lajeunie Elizabeth - - 2005
OBJECT: The origins of both sagittal synostosis (scaphocephaly) and metopic synostosis (trigonocephaly) remain unclear. Genetic and environmental factors probably play a role. Twin and family data of patients with these conditions are presented. METHODS: Records of 860 patients with scaphocephaly and 394 with trigonocephaly were examined for prevalence of twin ...
Toledo Manuela G - - 2005
Over the past two decades there has been an association between assisted reproductive technologies and increased monozygotic twinning. The association is not clear nor are the causes of assisted reproductive technology-related monozygotic twinning understood, although there are several theories as to the possible mechanisms involved. This review looks at some ...
Miranda-Contreras Leticia - - 2005
The goal of this study was to analyze the effects of prenatal exposure to the pesticides paraquat (PQ) and mancozeb (MZ) on the development of synaptic transmission in mouse cerebellar cortex. Pregnant NMRI mice were treated with either saline, 10 mg/kg PQ, 30 mg/kg MZ or the combination of PQ ...
Dragovic Milan - - 2005
Although some previous studies assert that an association between schizotypy and loss of hand dominance is well established, the prevailing use of student populations, small effect sizes and arbitrariness of handedness classification suggest that this tentative association merits further investigation. The association of schizotypy and loss of hand dominance was ...
Yu Ling - - 2005
The short stature homeobox gene SHOX is associated with idiopathic short stature in humans, as seen in Turner syndrome and Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosis, while little is known about its close relative SHOX2. We report the restricted expression of Shox2 in the anterior domain of the secondary palate in mice and humans. ...
Klein Karl Martin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether genetic factors contribute to weight gain associated with valproate (VPA) therapy. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We retrospectively and prospectively evaluated five pairs of monozygotic twins concordant for epilepsy and treated with VPA regarding weight course. RESULTS: In all twin pairs, both twins showed similar weight courses ...
Machado Sergio Abreu - - 2006
Oocytes were recovered by ovum pick up (OPU) from nine pairs of monozygotic twin German Simmental cows. The hypothesis was that there is less variability between identical twins versus among non-related individuals in the variation in the recovery of oocytes by OPU and in the efficiency of in vitro embryo ...
Keckarević Dusan - - 2005
A renewed and new population study of fourteen short tandem repeat loci (TH01, TPOX, CSF1P0, vWA, FES/FPS, F13A01, D13S317, D7S820, D16S539, LPL, F13B, CD4, D5S818 and D8S1179) were performed in a sample of 296-531 unrelated individuals from Serbia and Montenegro. Population data were compared to previously published data from Vojvodina ...
DeLint Peter J - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe a yellow ring-shaped reflection in the macula of healthy subjects observed with a common indirect ophthalmoscope. DESIGN: Observational case series. METHODS: Fundus photographs of the macula were acquired with a slit lamp and 90-diopter lens in 5 healthy subjects (age range, 23-50 years) at a perpendicular angle ...
Rushton J Philippe - - 2005
This study examined the genetic and environmental contribution to people's preference for spouses and friends to be similar to themselves. In their responses to 130 personality, attitude, and demographic questions, 174 pairs of monozygotic (MZ) twins resembled each other (r= .53) more than did 148 pairs of dizygotic (DZ) twins ...
Hrdlicka Michal - - 2005
The aim of our study was to subcategorize Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) using a multidisciplinary approach. Sixty four autistic patients (mean age 9.4+/-5.6 years) were entered into a cluster analysis. The clustering analysis was based on MRI data. The clusters obtained did not differ significantly in the overall severity of ...
Pfeffer Gerald - - 2005
Antipsychotic-induced akathisia is characterized by subjective and objective motor restlessness, which is observed as a common extrapyramidal side-effect of antipsychotic agents. A patient is described who had antipsychotic-induced akathisia unresponsive to conventional therapy, and who began gabapentin therapy for insomnia. Significant improvement in his akathisia occurred when the gabapentin dose ...
Holme Petter - - 2005
We use real-world contact sequences, time-ordered lists of contacts from one person to another, to study how fast information or disease can spread across network of contacts. Specifically we measure the reachability time--the average shortest time for a series of contacts to spread information between a reachable pair of vertices ...
Scheidegger E Paul - - 2005
Primary cutaneous mucinosis encompasses a wide range of different skin conditions with circumscribed, follicular or diffuse manifestation. For the first time, to our knowledge, we report on the occurrence of so-called "atypical" localized papular mucinosis in the axillary pits of a mother and her (identical) twin daughters presenting as asymptomatic ...
Corby P M A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether genetic factors influence variation in salivary levels of the mutans streptococci (MS) in preschool twins. DESIGN: The study population consisted of 48 pairs of monozygotic (MZ) twins and 54 pairs of dizygotic (DZ) twins. Genotyping eight highly polymorphic DNA markers ...
Helling Kai - - 2005
The otolith mass of the saccules and utricles of plaice, Pleuronectes platessa (n = 39) and turbot, Psetta maxima (n = 21) was measured using an electronic microbalance. In the right-eyed plaice, the left utricular otoliths were found to be significantly heavier than the right (p < 0.0001), whereas no ...
Kleintjes Wayne George - - 2005
There is no article in the literature correlating only craniofacial abnormalities in twins. Since 1985 the Tygerberg Craniofacial Unit has treated nine pairs of twins. In this retrospective study, the authors correlate the craniofacial and systemic anomalies with the specific twin type. BACKGROUND: The frequency of human twinning varies from ...
Morelle Willy - - 2005
Oligosaccharides were derivatized by reductive amination using 2-aminobenzamide (2-AB) and analyzed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization two-stage time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF/TOF) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) in the positive ion mode. The major signals were obtained under these conditions from the [M+Na]+ ions for all 2-AB-derivatized oligosaccharides. A systematic study was conducted on a ...
Spaniel Filip - - 2005
T1 and T2 relaxation times were examined in four pairs of monozygotic (MZ) twins discordant and concordant for schizophrenia with low and high genetic loading for the illness and five healthy control MZ twin pairs. Patients with schizophrenia (n = 11) showed significant prolongation in T1 relaxation times in the ...
Padgett Jaye - - 2005
Russian exhibits a rich pattern of phonological vowel reduction, by which some vowel contrasts are neutralized in unstressed syllables. Recent work in phonology suggests a mechanism by which phonetic vowel reduction--compression of the overall vowel space due to target undershoot--might lead to patterns like Russian. Presenting acoustic data from 9 ...
Wolfart Stefan - - 2004
This study aimed to examine whether there exists a gender-dependent correlation between the inverted face shape and that of the upper central incisor as the literature often suggests. Standardized portraits and anterior tooth photographs of 204 dental students were made. Standardized enlargements of facial outlines and of the upper right ...
Lammer Edward J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Periconceptional supplementation of multivitamins that include folic acid have been shown to prevent several birth defects, including neural tube defects and orofacial clefts. We investigated whether polymorphic variants of fetal acetyl-N-transferase 1 (NAT1), an enzyme involved in the catabolism of folates, differentially interacted with maternal multivitamin use during early ...
Lindemann H-B - - 2004
The shape of a patient's face is commonly used as a reference to select the shape of the maxillary central incisors in edentulous patients. The validity of this relationship has not been proved. The objective of this clinical study was to determine whether a relationship exists between maxillary central incisors ...
Selmi Carlo - - 2004
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is growing evidence that the interplay of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors leads to primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). In particular, family members of an infected individual have up to a 100-fold higher risk of developing PBC. Although concordant rates for identical twins in other autoimmune diseases ...
Elizur Shai E - - 2004
Between January 1, 1995 and December 31, 2001, 5,310 cycles were performed in the IVF Unit, Sheba Medical Center, Israel, resulting in 1,066 clinical pregnancies. There was no difference in the rate of pregnancies containing monozygotic twins after zona pellucida micromanipulation procedures (0.9%) compared to conventional insemination (1.0%) (6/677 vs. ...
Remington Gary - - 2004
In treating schizophrenia there has been a shift in focus, with more attention being paid to early intervention based on the notion that effective treatment at this point can improve outcome. Most of this work has centred on pharmacotherapeutic interventions during the first psychotic break. More recently, attention has turned ...
Silva W Andre - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of bladder filling and patient position on the degree of pelvic organ prolapse (of the maximally prolapsed segment). METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse were evaluated between February 2003 and August 2003. Patients were examined in the supine lithotomy and standing position ...
Kajantie Eero - - 2004
We report on a 23-month-old boy with bilateral cleft lip and palate, marked hypertelorism, frontal bossing and severe bilateral, asymmetric hypoplasia of toes. The mother used bisoprolol, naproxen and sumatriptan for migraine until the fifth postmenstrual week of pregnancy. We suggest that this patient's features represent a previously undescribed entity ...
Paramei Galina V - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The twin method was used to examine the genotype/phenotype relationship in colour vision, by determining concordance in colour perception within pairs of monozygotic (MZ) twins and dizygotic (DZ) twins. For MZ twins, whose photopigments are genetically identical, higher concordance in colour perception was expected; conversely, differences within each MZ ...
van Erp Theo G M - - 2004
CONTEXT: The effects of genes and environment on brain abnormalities in schizophrenia remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the contributions of genes and environment to hippocampal volume reduction in schizophrenia. DESIGN: Population-based twin cohort study. SETTING: Finland. PARTICIPANTS: Seven monozygotic (MZ) twin pairs concordant for schizophrenia and 16 MZ and 32 ...
Lee Jiahn-Te - - 2004
The incidence of trisomy 18 in monozygotic twins is approximately 1 per million. We report a pair of liveborn monozygotic twins with trisomy 18. Both twins had esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (type C) and intrauterine growth retardation. Twin A had cleft lip, choanal atresia and perimembranous ventricular septal defect. ...
Wang Jijun - - 2004
The link between P50 suppression and psychometric schizotypy was previously reported in non-clinical English-speaking subjects; however, whether a similar relationship exists within a different ethnic sample is unknown. Furthermore, whether such a relationship can also be accounted for by such basic personality characteristics as extraversion or neuroticism has not yet ...
May Flavia S - - 2004
Abnormally large cavum septum pellucidum has been reported in posttraumatic stress disorder; however, the origin of this association is uncertain. We utilized magnetic resonance imaging to measure cavum septum pellucidum in pairs of identical twins discordant for combat exposure in Vietnam. Presence of abnormal cavum septum pellucidum was significantly correlated ...
Kates Wendy R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The broader autism phenotype includes relatives of individuals with autism who display social and language deficits that are qualitatively similar to those of autism but less severe. In previous studies of monozygotic twins discordant for autism, more than 75% of the twins without autism displayed the broader phenotype. Differences ...
Laursen Maja - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test a possible genetic component to prolonged gestation. STUDY DESIGN: The gestational duration of single, first pregnancies by both female and male twins was obtained by linking the Danish Twin Registry, The Danish Civil Registration System, and the Danish Medical Birth Register. ...
Compton Michael T - - 2004
Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that causes major disability and psychosocial impairment. Recent advances in the neurosciences are prompting considerations of schizophrenia from a preventive perspective. An overview of the literature is provided on two important aspects of the development of a prevention orientation in schizophrenia research: elucidation of ...
Hulshoff Pol Hilleke E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Whole brain tissue volume decreases in schizophrenia have been related to both genetic risk factors and disease-related (possibly nongenetic) factors; however, whether genetic and environmental risk factors in the brains of patients with schizophrenia are differentially reflected in gray or white matter volume change is not known. METHODS: Magnetic ...
Ludeña Eduardo V - - 2004
A reinterpretation of the Boyd-Coulson [R. J. Boyd and C. A. Coulson, J. Phys. B 7, 1805 (1974)] definition of the Fermi hole is presented. Through this reinterpretation, which makes no reference to the hypothetical Hartree level, we are able to show the essentially identical character of the Boyd-Coulson definition ...
Masuzaki Hideaki - - 2004
Conjoined twins discordant for phenotype of cleft lip are reported. One had right-sided cleft lip, while the co-twin had left-sided cleft lip. Both twins had a normal 46,XY karyotype. Genotyping at 50 polymorphic loci revealed that the twins were identical (monozygotic). Our analysis suggests that the laterality of cleft lip ...
Blickstein Isaac - - 2003
This paper reviews several aspects of discordant growth in multiple pregnancies. Discordant growth is not a chance event and therefore several patterns can be discerned. About 75% of twins exhibit < 15% discordance (concordant), 20% are 15-25% (mildly) discordant, and about 5% are more than 25% (severely) discordant. Higher frequencies ...
Haegert D G - - 2003
CD4 T-cells have an important role in the autoimmune response in multiple sclerosis (MS). We investigate the possibility that a shift occurs in the T-cell receptor (TR) repertoire of identical twins discordant for MS. We compare the CDR3 spectratype distributions of 24 different TR V beta (TRBV) segments in naïve ...
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