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Clark Steven L SL Hospital Corporation of America, Nashville, Tennessee. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the clinical impact of specific fetal monitoring-related practices during induced labor. Prospective, non-randomized. We studied 14,398 women undergoing oxytocin induction of labor. A decrease in the infusion rate of oxytocin in the face of specified category II FHRTs was associated with a significantly reduced rate of NICU admission ...
Sakamoto Mineshi M Department of Environmental Sciences and Epidemiology, National Institute for Minamata Disease, Minamata, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the appropriateness of mercury (Hg) concentrations in fingernails and toenails at parturition for detecting prenatal exposure to methylmercury (MeHg). Total Hg concentrations were measured in 54 paired samples of fingernails, toenails, maternal blood, and maternal hair (1cm incremental segments from the scalp toward the tip) collected at 4th ...
Matsui Doreen D Department of Paediatrics and Medicine, Children's Hospital, London Health Sciences Centre, Child Health Research Institute, University of Western Ontario, 800 Commissioners Road East, London, ON, N6A 5W9, Canada, - - 2014
Pregnant women with illness require efficacious and safe drug therapy during pregnancy; however, their treatment is often hindered by a lack of information regarding the use of medications during pregnancy. Ethical challenges are encountered in conducting drug trials in pregnant women, who are often excluded from participation due to fear ...
Kamei Koichi K Department of Nephrology and Rheumatology, National Center for Child Health and Development, 2-10-1, Okura, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, 157-8535, - - 2014
Fetal anemia is caused by Rhesus (RhD) sensitization as a result of RhD incompatibility during pregnancy. The severe form of this disease can cause hydrops fetalis leading to intrauterine death. We experienced a highly sensitized 39-year-old woman with B Rh-negative blood. She had a history of three induced abortions and ...
Maso G G Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Institute for Maternal and Child Health, IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste (Italy) - - - 2014
Electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) has been introduced in the obstetrics practice as a test to identify the first signs of fetal deterioration, allowing a prompt intervention to reduce neonatal morbidity and mortality. However, results from clinical trials fail to demonstrate a clear benefit with the use of EFM. No decrease ...
Swamy Geeta K GK Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27705, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pregnant women are at risk for the same infectious diseases as nonpregnant individuals and often have increased morbidity and mortality associated with infection. Thus, immunizing women during pregnancy with recommended vaccines provides direct maternal benefit. Furthermore, maternal immunization has the potential for both fetal and infant benefit by preventing adverse ...
Mailath-Pokorny Mariella M Medical University of Vienna, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Obstetrics and Feto-maternal Medicine, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate if isolated single umbilical artery (SUA) diagnosed on second-trimester ultrasound has an independent risk association with adverse pregnancy outcomes. We compared 136 singleton pregnancies with isolated SUA with 500 consecutive singleton pregnancies with a three-vessel cord (3VC). Pregnancies complicated by chromosomal abnormalities and other congenital malformations were excluded. ...
Peiris H N HN The University of Queensland Centre for Clinical Research, Brisbane, - - 2014
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is characterised by maternal glucose intolerance and insulin resistance during pregnancy. Myostatin, initially identified as a negative regulator of muscle development may also function in the regulation of placental development and glucose uptake. Myostatin expression in placentae of GDM complicated pregnancies is unknown. However, higher myostatin ...
Ashley-Martin Jillian J Perinatal Epidemiology Research Unit, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, - - 2014
Exposure to metals commonly found in the environment has been hypothesized to be associated with measures of fetal growth but the epidemiological literature is limited. The Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC) study recruited 2001 women during the first trimester of pregnancy from 10 Canadian sites. Our objective was to ...
Dubova E A EA V. I. Kulakov Research Center of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Perinatology, the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, - - 2014
Placental levels of caspase 1, 8, and 10 were studied by the immunohistochemical method in full-term spontaneous and induced pregnancies. The levels of these caspases in the placental terminal villi were significantly higher in induced pregnancy. The changes were more marked after intracytoplasmatic injection of spermatozoa.
Artunc Ulkumen B B Division of Perinatology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Celal Bayar University School of Medicine , Manisa , - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the volumetric and echogenic alterations in placentas between the intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and normal pregnancies using three-dimensional ultrasound and virtual organ computer-aided analysis (VOCAL) software. This case-control prospective study consisted of 48 singleton pregnancies complicated by IUGR and 60 healthy singleton pregnancies matched for maternal ...
Tantrakul Visasiri - - 2014
Evaluation of Berlin and Stop-Bang questionnaires in detecting obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) across trimesters of pregnancy. Pregnant women from a high-risk pregnancy clinic were recruited to complete sleep evaluations including Berlin and Stop-Bang Questionnaires. Overnight testing with Watch-PAT200 for diagnosis of OSA (cutoff point of apnea-hypopnea index ≥5 events/h) was ...
El-Dakdoky Mai Helmy MH Zoology Department, Women College for Arts, Science and Education, Ain Shams University, 1 Asmaa Fahmey St., Heliopolis, Cairo 11757, - - 2014
Abstract Mefloquine (MQ) is a potent effective antimalarial drug against multiple drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum. All agree that MQ can be given safely during the second and third trimesters. However, there is very limited information on the drug safety during the first trimester. The aim of the present work was to ...
Patel Jignesh P - - 2014
BackgroundIt is well accepted that the gravid state is hypercoagulable and a significant cause of both maternal morbidity and mortality in the Western world. Although thrombin generation is reported to be increased in pregnant women, uncertainty exists on the pattern of thrombin generation change during this time. The aim of ...
Walsh Judi - - 2014
BackgroundMaternal-fetal relationships have been associated with psychosocial outcomes for women and children, but there has been a lack of conceptual clarity about the nature of the maternal relationship with the unborn child, and inconsistent findings assessing its predictors. We proposed and tested a model whereby maternal-fetal relationship quality was predicted ...
Frasch Martin G MG Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Department of Neuroscience, CHU Sainte-Justine Research Centre, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Fetal monitoring during labour currently fails to accurately detect acidemia. We developed a method to assess the multidimensional properties of fetal heart rate variability (fHRV) from trans-abdominal fetal electrocardiogram (fECG) during labour. We aimed to assess this novel bioinformatics approach for correlation between fHRV and neonatal pH or base excess ...
Papastefanou Ioannis I Fetal Medicine Unit, 3rd Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Athens Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 'Attikon' University Hospital, Athens, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To study the value of the cervical length (CL) measurement at 11-14 weeks in predicting second trimester miscarriage occurring at 16-24 weeks. Methods: Prospective study in routine obstetric population using transvaginal ultrasound examination to measure the length of the endocervical canal at 11 to 14 weeks. Results: 2836 ...
Incebiyik Adnan A Harran University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Sanliurfa, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: This study aimed to evaluate whether trophoblastic TGF-β and E-cadherin expression levels have a role in placenta percreta (PP) aetiopathogenesis. Methods: This study was carried out in the Obstetrics & Gynecology and Pathology Departments of Harran University Medicine School. Forty-four women who underwent caesarean section for PP and ...
Cutts Diana B DB Department of Pediatrics, Hennepin County Medical Center, 701 Park Avenue, Minneapolis, MN, 55415, USA, - - 2014
Evaluate homelessness during pregnancy as a unique, time-dependent risk factor for adverse birth outcomes. 9,995 mothers of children <48 months old surveyed at emergency departments and primary care clinics in five US cities. Mothers were classified as either homeless during pregnancy with the index child, homeless only after the index child's ...
Thrift Aaron P AP Population Health, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, QLD, Australia. - - 2014
To assess whether the effect of pre-pregnancy overweight or obesity on maternal complications and perinatal outcomes is modified by Indigenous status. Population-based study using de-identified aggregate data on pregnancies resulting in singleton births from Indigenous (n = 13 582) and non-Indigenous (n = 241 270) women from the Queensland Perinatal Data Collection, 1 July 2007 to ...
Vigeh Mohsen M a Department of Hazard Assessment , National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health , Kawasaki , - - 2014
To clarify the relationship of prenatal arsenic exposure to hemoglobin concentrations and anemia during pregnancy, a longitudinal study was conducted of 364 participants during early pregnancy from October 2006 to March 2011 in Tehran, Iran. Maternal whole blood (taken between 8-12 and 20-24 weeks of gestation, and at delivery) and umbilical ...
Khan Raheela N RN Division of Medical Sciences & Graduate Entry Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Royal Derby Hospital Centre, Uttoxeter Road, Derby DE22 3DT, UK - - 2014
When the normal progression of pregnancy is threatened, inflammatory processes are often amplified in order to minimize detrimental effects and eliminate noxious agents. Inflammasomes are unique, intracellular, multiprotein assemblies that enable caspase-1 mediated proteolytic processing of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β, levels of which are elevated in some forms of preterm ...
Wu Xin X Hunan Engineering and Research Center of Animal and Poultry Science, Key Laboratory of Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 410125, Changsha, China, - - 2014
The present review focuses on the physiological functions of glutamate-glutamine exchange involving placental amino acid transport and umbilical amino acid uptake in mammals (particularly in sows), with special emphasis on the associated regulating mechanisms. Glutamate plus glutamine are among the most abundant and the most utilized amino acids in fetus ...
Egloff Matthieu M Service d'Histologie-Embryologie-Cytogénétique, Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, - - 2014
Ultrasound examination performed on a 36-year-old woman at 33 weeks of gestation showed the presence of isolated and bilateral ventriculomegaly in the fetus. Array-based comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) performed on uncultured amniocytes at 35 weeks of gestation revealed a 17q21.31 microdeletion. After genetic counseling, the pregnancy was terminated at 37 ...
Duffett Lisa L Thrombosis Program, Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, - - 2014
Placenta-mediated pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia, placental abruption, intrauterine growth restriction/small for gestational age and recurrent or late pregnancy loss, affect over 5% of pregnancies and can result in significant maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. These complications have been suggested to at least partly arise from placental insufficiency, possibly as ...
Prefumo Federico F Maternal-Fetal Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Brescia, - - 2014
To describe the natural history of monoamniotic twin pregnancies in contemporary practice. Cohort study of monochorionic monoamniotic twin pregnancies with two live fetuses diagnosed at less than 16 weeks and prospectively followed up between 2004 and 2013. A systematic review of the literature using Medline, Embase and Scopus, to determine the ...
Mitchell Lisa M LM Department of Anthropology, University of Victoria. - - 2014
Some North American hospitals now offer parents the opportunity to see, hold, and photograph fetal remains after pregnancy loss. I explore the social, material, and interpretive strategies mobilized to create this fetal visibility after second trimester-induced abortion for fetal anomaly. My analysis examines both the discursive framing of fetal remains ...
Barra Gustavo Barcelos GB Sabin Laboratory of Clinical Analysis, Brasilia, Federal District, Brazil; Post-Graduation in Health Sciences, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Federal District, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study is to determine the fetus Y-STR haplotype in maternal plasma during pregnancy and estimate, non-invasively, if the alleged father and fetus belong to the same male lineage. The study enrolled couples with singleton pregnancies and known paternity. All participants signed informed consent and the local ...
Laban Mohamed M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
To develop reference cutoff values for mean fetal lung volume (FLV) and pulmonary artery resistance index (PA-RI) for prediction of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in low-risk term pregnancies. As part of a cross-sectional study, women aged 20-35years were enrolled and admitted to a tertiary hospital in Cairo, Egypt, for ...
Garg Amit X AX The authors' affiliations are provided in the - - 2014
Background Young women wishing to become living kidney donors frequently ask whether nephrectomy will affect their future pregnancies. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study of living kidney donors involving 85 women (131 pregnancies after cohort entry) who were matched in a 1:6 ratio with 510 healthy nondonors from the ...
Nunes Carla C CHLN - Hospital Universitário de Santa Maria, Departamento / Clínica Universitária de Obstetrícia e Ginecologia, Avenida Professor Egas Moniz, 1649-035 Lisboa, Portugal, Lisboa, - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: Fetal body tumors are rare, but the ability to diagnose them has improved over recent years. Most masses discovered in the chest results from fetal bronchopulmonary malformations, such as congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation and bronchopulmonary sequestration. Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation and bronchopulmonary sequestration have a reported incidence of ...
Kesmodel Us U Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus, - - 2014
To examine the effects of pre-pregnancy alcohol drinking on child neuropsychological functioning. Prospective follow-up study. 154 women and their children sampled from the Danish National Birth Cohort. Participants were sampled based on maternal alcohol consumption before pregnancy. At 5 years of age, the children were tested with the Wechsler Preschool and ...
Kieler H H Department of Medicine Solna, Centre for Pharmacoepidemiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
To assess whether the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), tricyclic antidepressants, mirtazapine, venlafaxine or other antidepressants is associated with late elective termination of pregnancy. Case-control study using data from national registers. Denmark, Finland, and Norway during the period 1996-2007. A total of 14 902 women were included as cases ...
Bhorat I E IE Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, Kwa-Zulu Natal, South - - 2014
To determine the fetal modified myocardial performance index (Mod-MPI) and E-wave/A-wave peak velocities (E/A ratio) in deteriorating grades of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and its link to adverse outcomes defined as perinatal death, hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy, neonatal resuscitation, neonatal cord pH <7.15, intraventricular haemorrhage and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Forty three pregnant ...
Zelaźniewicz Agnieszka A Department of Human Biology, University of Wroclaw, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Disgust, an emotion triggering behavioral avoidance of pathogens, serves as a first line of defense against infections. Since behavior related to disgust involves some cost, the aversive reaction should be adjusted to the level of an individual's immunocompetence, and raise only when immunological function is lower (e.g. during pregnancy). We ...
Roos A A SU/UCT MRC Unit on Anxiety & Stress Disorders, Department of Psychiatry, Stellenbosch University, PO Box 19063, Tygerberg 7505, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although a number of studies have found significant associations between maternal psychological distress, anxiety and changes in fetoplacental blood flow, findings remain inconsistent. A recent pilot study by our group highlighted some of these inconsistencies. In the current study, we expanded this pilot analysis to include psychological distress, anxiety and ...
Dall'Ara P P Department of Veterinary Science and Public Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, - - 2014
In the dog, the endotheliochorial placenta allows only the 5% to 10% transfer of maternal antibodies to the fetus, but the timing and the factors influencing the immunoglobulin G (IgG) transplacental transport were not fully investigated. The aims of the present study were the following: (1) to assess the presence ...
Richardson A A Nurture Fertility, The East Midlands Fertility Clinic, Nottingham, NG10 5QG, UK; Division of Child Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, - - 2014
To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound in confirming intrauterine pregnancy location prior to development of the yolk sac. The systematic review was conducted in accordance with PRISMA and registered with PROSPERO. We searched MEDLINE, Embase and the Cochrane Library for citations. Studies were selected in a two-stage process and ...
Brown Nicole N Mater Centre for Maternal Fetal Medicine, Mater Mothers' Hospital, South Brisbane, Queensland, 4101, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the prenatal ultrasound features that were associated with intrapartum fetal distress in fetuses with gastroschisis. This was a retrospective observational study of all cases of gastroschisis referred to and delivering at the Mater Mothers' Hospital in Brisbane, Australia. Maternal demographics, prenatal ultrasound ...
Redline Raymond W RW Department of Pathology, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, 11100 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44106. Electronic address: - - 2014
The clinical utility of placental pathology is both overestimated and underestimated, and the overall quality of placental pathology reporting, even at major medical centers, is highly variable. Clear benefits of examining placentas include the immediate diagnosis of treatable conditions in both the mother and the infant, clarification of the underlying ...
Walter Jessica R JR Research performed at : Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck Street, Boston, MA, 02115 USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Our objective was to examine the associations of total and trimester-specific gestational weight gain (GWG) rate with postpartum maternal weight and cardiometabolic risk. We hypothesized the first trimester GWG would be most strongly associated with long-term maternal health. We studied 801 women enrolled during the 1(st) trimester of pregnancy in ...
Jebbink Jiska J Women's and Children's Clinic, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 22660, Amsterdam 1100 DD, The Netherlands; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, PO Box 95500, Amsterdam 1090 HM, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate total bile acid (TBA) levels in maternal (MB) and umbilical cord blood (UCB) in normotensive, preeclamptic (PE), and PE pregnancies complicated by hemolysis elevated liver enzymes and low platelets (HELLP) syndrome in the context of ABCG2 placental gene expression levels, a recently reported placental bile acid transporter. TBA ...
Ozmen Asli A Department of Histology and Embryology, Medical Faculty, Akdeniz University, 07070 Antalya, - - 2014
During pregnancy, glucocorticoids (GCs) are used for fetal lung maturation in women at risk of preterm labor. Exogenous GCs do not have exclusively beneficial effects and repeated use of GCs remains controversial. It has been observed that GC exposed rats have smaller placentas and intrauterine growth retarded fetuses. In this ...
Kaya Barış B Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Near East University, North Cyprus, - - 2014
Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific disease with the increased risk of maternal morbidity and mortality. It is characterised by placental vascular dysfunction. Despite the numerous studies on preeclampsia, studies evaluating proliferation of villous trophoblasts in preeclamptic placentas are limited. Ki67 is a proliferation marker that expresses in the nuclei of proliferating ...
Rabie Nader N University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynecology, 4301 W. Markham St. #518, Little Rock, 72205 United - - 2014
Abstract Objective Describe a novel system of coordinating the identification and management of fetal anomalies in a rural state, where there is a large proportion of impoverished and Medicaid eligible patients, and centralization of the majority of tertiary care resources. Methods The Arkansas Fetal Diagnosis and Management program was initiated ...
Fahey Jenifer O - - 2014
The ongoing and well-documented debate about the value of electronic fetal monitoring has focused primarily on the fact that most variant fetal heart rate (FHR) patterns are poor predictors of fetal acid-base status. Most recently, much of this attention has been focused on the implications for clinical management of FHR ...
Mei-Dan Elad - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate a possible dose-response relationship between active maternal smoking during pregnancy and adverse perinatal outcome. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Population-based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Population: Women who gave birth to a liveborn or stillborn infant during the period of January 2001 to December 2007. Methods: Active ...
Yamada Hideto H Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this survey study was to evaluate a state of mother-to-child infections in Japan. A nationwide survey on 2714 obstetric facilities where regular maternity checkups were carried out was conducted. A primary questionnaire assessed numbers of pregnancies including induced abortion, spontaneous abortion, still-birth as well as live-birth, which ...
Johansen Rie Laurine Rosenthal RL Section of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
The use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during pregnancy has been associated with miscarriage, but the association may be biased by maternal mental illness, lifestyle and exposure misclassification. A register study on all pregnancies in Denmark between 1996 and 2009 was conducted using individualised data from the Danish National ...
Madazli R R Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University , Istanbul , - - 2014
The aim of this study was to describe maternal and fetal characteristics associated with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) and to determine clinical and biochemical predictors of fetal complications. A total of 89 singleton pregnancies with ICP were analysed, retrospectively. All data concerning laboratory results, symptom onset time, treatment response, ...
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