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Ellman Lauren M - - 2010
Maternal infection during pregnancy has been repeatedly associated with increased risk for schizophrenia. Nevertheless, most viruses do not cross the placenta; therefore, the damaging effects to the fetus appear to be related to maternal antiviral responses to infection (e.g. proinflammatory cytokines). Fetal exposure to the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) has ...
Vela Gerardo - - 2011
To analyze the outcomes and particular characteristics of monozygotic (MZ) pregnancies conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF). Retrospective data analysis. Large private-academic fertility center. IVF-conceived MZ pregnancies. Statistical analysis of MZ pregnancy outcomes depending on fetal order and pregnancy reductions status. Spontaneous pregnancy reduction, pregnancy loss, take-home baby rate, perinatal ...
Song Yun-Mi - - 2010
Determining valid zygosity is a basic and important requirement in a twin study, because misdiagnosing zygosity leads to biased results. The Healthy Twin Study has collected data from adult like-sex twins and their families since 2005. In the study, a questionnaire to determine zygosity was developed comprising four questions; one ...
Dessolle Lionel - - 2010
Following IVF, single blastocyst transfer has been thought to reduce the risks of high-order multiple pregnancies. This is a report of two cases of monozygotic triplet pregnancies after single blastocyst transfer and a review of the current concepts of the pathogenesis of multiple monozygotic pregnancies as well as the options ...
Burri Andrea V - - 2010
Abstract Miscarriage is the most common type of pregnancy loss, occurring in up to 15% of clinically recognized pregnancies. Our understanding of the etiology is still limited but is believed to be multifactorial, including endocrine and anatomical abnormalities, immunologic, genetic and lifestyle factors. The aim of this study was to ...
Shahrukh Hashmi S - - 2010
An increased risk of birth defects after hyperthermic exposures has been confirmed in animal studies, but population studies have yielded inconsistent results. Oral clefts are a common birth defect and have been associated with these exposures in some of these studies. In this study, data from the National Birth Defects ...
Arakeri Gururaj - - 2010
Development of orofacial component involves a complex series of events. Any insult to this significant event can lead to various orofacial cleft defects. The main categories among orofacial clefts are isolated cleft palate and cleft lip with or without cleft palate. There have been many factors implicated in the development ...
Deveer R - - 2010
This is a case presentation of a conjoined twin (cephalothoracopagus) pregnancy with anencaphaly and mirror-image cleft lip and palate, affecting the left side of one twin and the right side of the other twin. The pregnancy was terminated at 26 weeks. The case is discussed with information in the literature.
Haimov-Kochman Ronit - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To report a possible association between intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)-preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) and monozygotic multiple gestation. DESIGN: Small case series. SETTING: In vitro fertilization unit in an academic medical center. PATIENT(S): Three patients were treated with ICSI-PGD for sexing as well as selection against a known translocation. INTERVENTION(S): ...
Gillham J C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain how many fetuses with prenatally diagnosed cleft lip with or without cleft palate have associated congenital structural and/or chromosomal abnormalities and whether there is an association with the anatomical type of cleft lip or palate. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of infants referred to the North-West ...
Verpoest W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Monozygotic (MZ) twin pregnancies are associated with increased perinatal mortality and morbidity, and risk of congenital anomalies. The causes of MZ twinning in humans are unclear but the incidence may increase after PGD, for example, as a result of holes created in the zona pellucida. We compared the incidence ...
Machin Geoffrey - - 2009
Monozygotic twins (MZ) are rarely absolutely "identical." This review discusses the types of genetic/epigenetic and prenatal environmental post-zygotic mechanisms that cause discordance within such twin pairs. Some of these mechanisms--ranging from heterokaryotypia to skewed X-chromosome inactivation--may cause extreme discordance, but these extremes are merely the more emphatic examples of discordance ...
Muñoz C - - 2009
The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of plane of nutrition in early pregnancy (EP) and mid-pregnancy (MP), on the productive performance of 1- and 2-year-old ewes and their offspring. Over 2 successive years, between days 0 and 39 after synchronized mating (EP), 1- (n = ...
Boklage Charles E - - 2009
Common knowledge of over a century has it that monozygotic and dizygotic twinning events occur by unrelated mechanisms: monozygotic twinning 'splits' embryos, producing anomalously re-arranged embryogenic asymmetries; dizygotic twinning begins with independent ovulations yielding undisturbed parallel embryogeneses with no expectation of departures from singleton outcomes. The anomalies statistically associated with ...
Terrazas A - - 2009
We investigated whether undernutrition during the second half of pregnancy impaired the behaviour of does and their kids at parturition and early mutual recognition. Twenty-two control and 22 underfed mixed-breed, multiparous dairy goats were used, together with their respective kids (control, n = 31: nine singles, 16 twins and six ...
Li Dong-Zhi - - 2009
Dandy-Walker malformation is a congenital brain abnormality involving the fourth ventricle and cerebellum. We report on a case of twins discordant for this disorder diagnosed in the second trimester of gestation. The twin pregnancy was revealed to be monozygotic using DNA investigation. To our knowledge, this is the first time ...
Harada Yukinori - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine whether or not central corneal thickness (CCT) and corneal curvature radius (CCR) influence the concordance of intraocular pressure (IOP) readings taken with a noncontact tonometer (NCT) and a Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT). METHODS: Eighty-seven eyes from 87 patients without any histories ...
Furlong Ellen E EE Departmentof Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. - - 2009
Cooperation often fails to spread in proportion to its potential benefits. This phenomenon is captured by prisoner's dilemma games, in which cooperation rates appear to be determined by the distinctive structure of economic incentives (e.g., $3 for mutual cooperation vs. $5 for unilateral defection). Rather than comparing economic values of ...
Jensen Morten S?ndergaard - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To study concordance rates of cryptorchidism (undescended testis) in pairs of boys with varying family structure, to evaluate the risk contribution from the intrauterine environment and genetic factors. DESIGN: Population based study of 1,024,500 Danish boys born from January 1, 1973 to December 31, 2004. Classic twin method and ...
Era Saho - - 2009
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is found ubiquitously in the environment, and is known to cause developmental toxicity, including cleft plate (CP). The aim of the present study was to elucidate the mechanism of CP associated with in utero exposure to PFOS in mice. We first examined whether the concentration of PFOS ...
Bjerre D - - 2009
In humans as well as in most farm animals, monozygotic twins have been described. Nevertheless, only a few reports of twinning in the pig have been published. It has been suggested that monozygotic twins are formed during the first 14 days of pregnancy. This monozygotic twin study includes the investigation ...
Plow Matthew A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of physical activity (PA) interventions and experience with PA on psychosocial constructs. METHODS: PA, self-efficacy, self-identity, social support, and expected PA frequency were measured pre and post intervention in 39 persons with multiple sclerosis. RESULTS: The MANOVA analysis indicated that self-efficacy and expectation decreased, whereas ...
Engström David - - 2008
The limited number of pixels and their quantized phase modulation values limit the positioning accuracy when a phase-only one dimensional spatial light modulator (SLM) is used for beam steering. Applying the straightforward recipe for finding the optimal setting of the SLM pixels, based on individually optimizing the field contribution from ...
Vitthala S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that there is at least a 2-fold rise in the incidence of monozygotic twinning after assisted reproductive technology compared with natural conception. This can result in adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and SCISEARCH for studies that estimated the risk of monozygotic twinning and ...
Kuusisto H - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the changes in the multiple sclerosis (MS) concordance in twins, and the contribution of genetic and environmental factors to the aetiology of MS in Finland. BACKGROUND: Both genes and the environment contribute to the development of MS. A well-conducted twin study is an excellent means to assess ...
Peper Jiska S - - 2008
Puberty is a period in which cerebral white matter grows considerably, whereas gray matter decreases. The first endocrinological marker of puberty in both boys and girls is an increased secretion of luteinizing hormone (LH). Here we investigated the phenotypic association between LH, global and focal gray and white matter in ...
He Mingguang - - 2008
PURPOSE: To estimate the extent to which common genetic and environmental effects contribute to covariances among axial length, anterior chamber depth, and angle-opening distance. METHODS: The study participants were recruited from the Guangzhou Twin Registry. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography and custom software were used to quantify the angle opening ...
González Blanca S - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to up-date the records concerning oral clefts (OCs) encountered at the Child Hospital of the Maternal Infantile Institute of the State of México, and to examine the association of predisposing factors. A retrospective study of the medical records of patients generated over a 5-year ...
Gelfer Carole E - - 2008
Numerous studies have shown coarticulatory effects of vowel rounding on the spectra of sibilants. However, the extent to which the tongue contributes to coarticulation is not clear because most studies have used only fricatives whose constriction is formed with the tongue. This study examines the effects of vowel environment on ...
Captier Guillaume - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the anatomy of the soft and hard palate during fetal growth in order to improve its ultrasonographic prenatal visualization. DESIGN: Anatomic study in human formalin-fixed fetus. METHODS: The heads of 18 second and third trimester fetuses were studied in the median sagittal plan. Measurements of the soft ...
Schmidt C J - - 2008
We have recently proposed the hypothesis that inhibition of the cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) 10A may represent a new pharmacological approach to the treatment of schizophrenia (Curr Opin Invest Drug 8:54-59, 2007). PDE10A is highly expressed in the medium spiny neurons of the mammalian striatum (Brain Res 985:113-126, 2003; J ...
Quené Hugo - - 2008
Speech tempo (articulation rate) varies both between and within speakers. The present study investigates several factors affecting tempo in a corpus of spoken Dutch, consisting of interviews with 160 high-school teachers. Speech tempo was observed for each phrase separately, and analyzed by means of multilevel modeling of the speaker's sex, ...
Sonnesen Liselotte - - 2008
Previous studies have described the relationships between cervical column morphology and craniofacial morphology. The aims of the present study were to describe cervical column morphology in 38 pairs of adult monozygotic (MZ) twins, and compare craniofacial morphology in twins with fusions with craniofacial morphology in twins without fusion. Visual assessment ...
Schoner Katharina - - 2008
Immunosuppressants are teratogenic in mice, rats, and rabbits and cause prenatal growth restriction in humans. As yet, there has been no proven teratogenicity in humans. We present a chromosomally normal fetus with severe acrofacial dysostosis and orofacial clefts. These were bilateral transverse and oblique clefts and defects of the midface. ...
Tarrant Janice - - 2008
To assess the effect of bifocal soft contact lenses on the accommodative errors (lags) of young adults. Recent studies suggest that bifocal soft contact lenses are an effective myopia control treatment although the underlying mechanism is not understood. Accommodation responses were measured for four target distances: 100, 50, 33 and ...
Wong H S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To report a technique to view the fetal soft and hard palates, utilizing acquired routine 3-D volumes of the fetal face. METHOD: The axial, sagittal and coronal planes in acquired volumes of 3-D surface rendering of 5 normal fetal faces obtained at 19, 21, 23, 26 and 28 weeks, ...
Takalo Reijo - - 2008
The objective of our study was to determine the repeatability of successive measurements of exhaled nitric oxide (NO) with a portable device (NIOX MINO). We assembled a sample of 332 pairs of repeated NO measurements acquired in the same session. The mean of the two successive measurements varied from 4.0 ...
Muñoz C - - 2008
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of plane of nutrition during early and mid-pregnancy on the performance of mature ewes and their offspring. From day 0 to day 39 post mating (early pregnancy, EP), 82 multiparous ewes were fed to provide either 60% (low, L), 100% ...
Ozalp O - - 2008
We report a family with two consequent sibs with anophthalmia and cleft lip and palate. A 27 year old woman married to her first cousin was counseled for anophthalmia and cleft lip and palate detected during routine fetal ultrasonographic examination on the 23rd week of the pregnancy. Her obstetric history ...
Margolis Robert H - - 2007
Hearing losses are frequently described by categories that characterize the configuration, severity, and site of lesion from a pure-tone audiogram. Although many category descriptors are in common use, there are no standard definitions of those terms, nor have the category definitions been validated against current clinical practice. The development and ...
Derom Catherine - - 2007
Abstract Twins are not a homogeneous group. According to zygosity and chorionicity essential differences exist. The lower sex proportion at birth is due to the monozygotic twins, especially the monoamnionic variety. X-inactivation patterns in monozygotic twin girls are totally symmetrical in monoamnionic pairs, almost symmetrical in monochorionic diamnionic pairs and ...
Vink Jacqueline M - - 2007
AIMS: To explore the association between cannabis and personality scores when genetic background and shared environment are controlled for. DESIGN: The co-twin control design. This design provides a powerful method for controlling for the effects of potentially confounding familial factors that may act to predispose subjects both to cannabis use ...
Horner Amy J - - 2008
Crayfish establish social dominance hierarchies through agonistic interactions, and these hierarchies are maintained through assessment of social status. Chemical signals influence several aspects of fighting behavior, but the specific chemosensory sensilla involved in detecting these signals in crayfish are unknown. The goal of our study was to examine the importance ...
Ferreira Andressa M C - - 2007
This research is a case study developed to evaluate and compare the classroom acoustics of two different buildings from the Federal University of Paran, built in different times: Building CP (from the 1960s) and building JB (built in 2000). Acoustical parameters have been measured in eight classrooms of the CP ...
Hur Yoon-Mi - - 2007
The present study examined the possible effects of chorionicity of twins on variation of prosocial behavior in the classical twin design. Mothers of 56 pairs of monochorionic monozygotic (MCMZ) twins, 34 pairs of dichorionic monozygotic (DCMZ) twins, and 316 pairs of dizygotic (DZ) twins rated their children's prosocial behavior. The ...
Schur Ellen - - 2007
Prolonged fatigue equal to or greater than 1 month duration and chronic fatigue equal to or greater than 6 months duration are both commonly seen in clinical practice, yet little is known about the etiology or epidemiology of either symptom. Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), while rarer, presents similar challenges in ...
Costafreda Sergi G SG Brain Image Analysis Unit, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, UK. - - 2007
To estimate between-scanner functional MRI (fMRI) reproducibility in a multisite study. A total of five identical 1.5T MR systems were used to repeatedly scan five subjects while performing a finger tapping task. A two-way (scanners, subjects) random effects analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to estimate between-scanner and between-subject variability ...
Müller Sean - - 2008
Validity and reliability of a categorical tool for assessment of quality of bat-ball contact in cricket batting was examined in a natural setting. A batsman was filmed by twin synchronised cameras from front-on and side-on while facing deliveries from a leg spin bowler. The front-on camera allowed calculation of linear ...
van der Eijk Ellen A - - 2007
RATIONALE: In his 1978 article on tuberculosis (TB) in twins, Comstock concluded that the 2.5-fold higher concordance rate for TB among monozygotic versus dizygotic twins in the Prophit survey of the 1950s implicated inherited susceptibility as a major risk factor for TB in humans. His analysis did not take into ...
Chew Ming Tak - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of orthognathic surgery by objective cephalometric measurement of posttreatment soft-tissue profile and by subjective evaluation of profile esthetics by laypersons and clinicians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 30 Chinese patients who had completed combined orthodontic and orthognathic surgical treatment. The posttreatment cephalograms of ...
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