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Kamalifard Mahin M Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2013
Fetal movement counting is a method used by mother to quantify her baby's movements. However, the optimal number of movements and the ideal duration of counting them have not been recognized. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of the two common fetal movements counting methods ...
McCrory Jean L - - 2013
Pregnant women experience numerous physical alterations during pregnancy which may place them at an increased risk of falls. The purpose of this study was to examine ground reaction forces (GRFs) during staircase locomotion in pregnant and non-pregnant women. METHODS: Data were collected on 29 pregnant women in their second and ...
Demirhan Osman O Department of Medical Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Çukurova, Adana, - - 2013
Fetal cells can enter maternal blood during pregnancy but whether they can also cross the blood-brain barrier to enter the maternal brain remains poorly understood. Previous results suggest that fetal cells are summoned to repair damage to the mother's brain. If this is confirmed, it would open up new and ...
Ocal Işil - - 2013
The present study was aimed at determining the effective doses of Dexmedetomidine (Dex) involved in amplitude of contraction-force and frequency of uterine rings in pregnancy terms of rats. All experiments involving animal subjects were carried out with the approval of animal care and use Ethical Committee of Cukurova University. Experiments ...
Zuzek Crystal - - 2013
In this year&#39;s legislative session, lawmakers passed Senate Bill 495, aimed at helping physicians and public health officials reduce the tragic toll of maternal death in the state. It creates the Maternal Mortality and Morbidity Review Task Force under the Texas Department of State Health Services. The task force will ...
Maruthini Deivanayagam D The Leeds Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Seacroft Hospital, Leeds LS14 6UH, - - 2013
We present a case of recurrent ruptured right cornual ectopic pregnancies conceived after IVF. Following the second episode, a sonohysterography was undertaken to identify possible areas of scar weakness that may rupture with uterine distension in a future pregnancy. The scan revealed asymmetrical muscle thickness in the cornual regions, the ...
Ghaffari Firouzeh F Department of Endocrinology and Female Infertility at Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of easy and difficult embryo transfers (ET) on implantation and pregnancy rates. In this prospective study, we analyzed the results of 706 ET procedures over a 12-month period. An easy ET was defined as a transfer that occurred without the ...
Funston R N RN West Central Research and Extension Center, University of Nebraska, North Platte, Nebraska 69101; email: rfunston2@unl.edu ; - - 2013
Longevity of cattle is correlated to reproductive success. Many studies in different species report the influence of maternal nutrition on progeny performance, health, and reproduction. Maternal nutrient status can cause epigenetic alterations to the genome of the developing fetus, which potentially can impact future generations. This review discusses fetal programming ...
Antczak D F DF Baker Institute for Animal Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853; email: - - 2013
A remarkable feature of equine pregnancy is the development of the invasive trophoblast of the chorionic girdle and its formation of the gonadotrophin-secreting endometrial cup cells in early gestation. The details of this process have been revealed only slowly over the past century, since the first description of the endometrial ...
Ghajar K - - 2012
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of pregnancy on orthodontic tooth movement in Wistar rats. Material and Methods: Forty eight female three-month old Wistar rats with an average weight of 250±25 gr were selected and randomly divided into two experimental (pregnant) and control groups (non-pregnant). ...
Kagan K O KO Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of - - 2012
Over the last few years, first trimester screening between 11+ and 13+ weeks of gestation has become one of the most important ultrasound examinations in pregnancy, as it allows physicians to predict several pregnancy complications including pre-eclampsia or pre-term birth. Screening for trisomies 21/18 and 13 using maternal and gestational ...
Masihi Sara S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, - - 2012
Central nervous system malformations are the second most common congenital malformations after congenital heart diseases. These malformations are associated with many instances of morbidity and mortality which underline the importance of prevention and their early diagnosis. The objective of this study is the diagnosis of neural tube defect (NTDs) in ...
Wu Dong D Institute of Medical Genetics, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Zhengzhou, He'nan, - - 2012
Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) or amniocentesis for fetal sex determination is generally the first step in the prenatal diagnosis of X-linked genetic disorders such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). However, non-invasive prenatal diagnostic (NIPD) techniques such as measurement of cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) in maternal plasma are preferable given the ...
Yassaee Fakhrolmolouk F Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Genomic Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Taleghani Hospital, Tehran, - - 2012
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a disease that commonly affects women of reproductive age and is associated with maternal and fetal complications. The aim of the present study was to report the perinatal outcome in pregnant women with ITP. Twenty one pregnant women with ITP admitted in a teaching hospital ...
Isobe Tetsuya - - 2012
The World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, which include percent motility and sperm concentration, are the only criteria for evaluating sperm quality and conception ability. However, these criteria are insufficient to evaluate the possibility of natural pregnancy. Thus, an index that can directly evaluate the possibility of a natural pregnancy is ...
Mehta Akanksha - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To evaluate the role of varicocelectomy in the management of patients with varicoceles and nonobstructive azoospermia and to review predictors of successful outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Several small, retrospective, noncontrolled studies have documented return of sperm to the ejaculate in up to 56% of men with nonobstructive azoospermia ...
Endo Yuji - - 2012
To report the clinical outcomes following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with vitrified sperm from patients with severe male factor infertility. Retrospective case series. IVF unit of a medical center. Three patients with severe oligozoospermia or nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). Cryopreservation of limited numbers of spermatozoa with the use of Cryotop and ...
Dai Shan-Jun - - 2012
Several studies have reported improved IVF by shortening the time of sperm-oocyte coincubation from 16-18 hours to 1-4 hours. The objective of this study was to examine the advantages and disadvantages of a shortened sperm-oocyte coincubation time in order to assess the effects of this insemination method for clinical IVF ...
Hernandez-Medrano J H - - 2012
Folliculogenesis is an intricate process that involves the proliferation and differentiation of both somatic and germ cells. This process depends on complex interactions between systemic factors such as both pituitary gonadotrophins and metabolic hormones and/or local factors produced by the ovarian somatic and germ cells, such as the IGF system ...
Kaplan Bonnie J - - 2012
The Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition (APrON) study is an ongoing prospective cohort study that recruits pregnant women early in pregnancy and, as of 2012, is following up their infants to 3 years of age. It has currently enrolled approximately 5000 Canadians (2000 pregnant women, their offspring and many of ...
Shrimpton Roger - - 2012
Undernutrition in one form or another affects the majority of women of reproductive age in most developing countries. However, there are few or no effective programmes trying to solve maternal undernutrition problems. The purpose of the paper is to examine global policy and programme guidance mechanisms for nutrition, what their ...
Girard Amy Webb - - 2012
Nutrition education and counselling (NEC) is a commonly applied strategy to improve maternal nutrition during pregnancy. However, with the exception special populations and specific diets, the effect of NEC on maternal, neonatal and child health outcomes has not been systematically reviewed. Using a modified Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group method ...
Sänger N N Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, - - 2012
Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate foetal signal quality obtained using an antenatal foetal ECG system (Monica 24™) and compare it with Doppler ultrasound CTG monitoring (Corometrics® 250 series). Material and Methods: Seventy pregnant women (gestational age: between 20 + 0 weeks and 40 + 0 weeks) were examined using the Monica AN24™ system ...
Kratschla-Apochal A A Gynaecology Department, Spital Herisau, Herisau, - - 2012
Heterotopic pregnancy (HP), i.e. the simultaneous development of an intrauterine and an ectopic pregnancy, is rare with a reported incidence of between 1 : 2600 and 1 : 30 000. Only a few cases have been described in the literature. We report here on an extremely rare case of HP after natural conception with cardiac ...
Hayden S S - - 2012
Placement of sperm deep in the equine uterine horn allows fewer sperm to be inseminated while maintaining acceptable fertility, and has been promoted for use in circumstances when fertility would be expected to be low if standard insemination were used (e.g., semen from a subfertile stallion, or frozen-thawed semen). Two ...
Kumar Kishlay - - 2012
Standard semen parameters are poor predictors of fertility potential. To date, apart from, paternal karyotyping sperm factors are not evaluated in recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), only recent studies have emphasized the role of sperm factors in early embryonic development as sperm transcribes genes critical for early embryonic development. Sperm DNA ...
Young Brett C - - 2012
As the incidence of twin gestation increases, it is important to consider the maternal risks associated with carrying multiples. Compared with singleton gestation, there are increased risks to the mother during the antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum periods. Certain pregnancy complications are more likely to occur during a twin gestation, including ...
Lindsay K L - - 2012
Lindsay K.L., Gibney E.R. & McAuliffe F.M. (2012) Maternal nutrition among women from Sub-Saharan Africa, with a focus on Nigeria, and potential implications for pregnancy outcomes among immigrant populations in developed countries. J Hum Nutr Diet. ABSTRACT: Pregnant women in countries of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are at risk of poor ...
Cavallini Giorgio - - 2012
The objective of this study was to investigate whether medical therapy can reduce sperm aneuploidy levels and improve the results of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in patients with severe idiopathic oligoasthenoteratospermia (OAT). Thirty-three infertile couples requiring ICSI because of severe idiopathic OAT after at least one unsuccessful ICSI cycle were ...
Zhang Lihong - - 2012
The pathogenesis of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is multi-factorial, complex and poorly understood. In the present study, semen parameters, including sperm chromatin integrity, sperm concentration, sperm motility and sperm morphology, were compared between 111 men whose partners had a history of unexplained RSA (RSA group) and 30 healthy fertile men ...
Vignini A - - 2012
Exposure of the fetus to the intrauterine milieu can have profound effects on the health of the offspring in adulthood. These observations are highly reproducible in many populations worldwide although the mechanisms behind them remain elusive. The 'thrifty phenotype' hypothesis proposes that poor fetal nutrition leads to programming of metabolism ...
Sabry Abdel-Hameed Abdel Tawab - - 2012
A woman's nutritional status should be assessed preconception with the goal of optimizing maternal, fetal, and infant health. Pregnancy-related dietary changes should begin prior to conception, with appropriate modifications across pregnancy and during lactation. The Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) are levels of nutrients recommended by an expert IOM panel based ...
Reinhard J J Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt, - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the functional adaptive process of the fetal autonomic nervous system during hypnosis from the 20th week of gestation till term. Are there changes in the power spectrum analysis of fetal heart rate when the mother is having a clinical hypnosis or control period? Study Design: Fourty-nine FHR ...
Shiraishi Koji - - 2012
Varicocele is the most common and treatable cause of male infertility. Studies of a rat experimental left varicocele model and human testicular biopsy samples have shown the involvement of various factors in its pathophysiology. Among them, oxidative stress plays a major role in impairing spermatogenesis and sperm function. Therefore, in ...
Desai Nina - - 2012
To describe a new technique for freezing individually isolated spermatazoa from testicular biopsies, epididymal aspirates and oligospermic semen samples Samples were evaluated for the presence of motile sperm before cryopreservation. Motile or twitching sperm were isolated with an ICSI needle for single sperm cryopreservation. Selected sperm were loaded on the ...
Philippou Prodromos - - 2012
We review the literature about the impact of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) on male reproduction. Studies investigating the in vitro effect of shock waves on semen samples indicate that spermatozoa are vulnerable to SWL. According to animal studies, intratesticular bleeding is common, but pregnancy rates are not affected by shock ...
Osborn Steven - - 2012
A 22-yr-old multiparous beluga, Delphinapterus leucas, with consistently elevated serum progesterone concentrations post-artificial insemination was diagnosed with viable twins at 149 days postconception. Twins were of similar size at least until day 264, the last point when ultrasound measurements of both twins were made. However, ultrasound was used to determine ...
Harnisch Jean M - - 2012
This article discusses pregnancy and nutrition in 3 main timeframes, the prepregnancy nutritional health evaluation, nutrition during pregnancy, and nutrition during the puerperium, and also includes comments on nutrition and lactation. This article begins with a brief review of the risks of obesity (increased body mass index [BMI]) and anorexia ...
Ghosh S - - 2012
The ideal method for sperm selection during Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is still ill-defined. Identification of a viable spermatozoon amongst immotile spermatozoa for ICSI often becomes difficult. Ninety-six ICSI cycles were selected and divided into Group A (azoospermic, n = 58) and Group B (complete asthenozoospermic, n = 38). Oocytes having birefringent meiotic spindle ...
Zeke József - - 2012
This is the first report showing a second clinical pregnancy of a couple who already have a baby from a previous frozen embryo transfer cycle when the embryos were generated from fresh oocytes that were fertilized by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) using frozen testicular spermatozoa (the couple have unsuccessful fresh ...
Urrutia-Morales Jorge - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate possible effects of improved protein and energy diet upon reproductive outcomes of adult goats under marginal rangeland grazing conditions and exposed to the male effect during the anoestrous-dry season. Adult goats (Nubian × Criollo, nonpregnant, nonlactating, n = 160, 22° 50' N, 100° 59' ...
Isachenko Vladimir - - 2012
Herein, we report the birth of two healthy babies to a woman following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) using motile spermatozoa vitrified without permeable cryoprotectants. Spermatozoa (in a case of oligoasthenoteratozoospermia) were cooled in cut standard straws in human tubal fluid supplemented with 0.5% human serum albumin and 0.25M sucrose. Sperm ...
Botelho F - - 2012
Forecast of success with testicular sperm extraction and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) remains unknown, as predictive factors have rarely been studied. We evaluated the association among possible predictive factors and a successful biopsy and clinical pregnancy. A consecutive sample of men submitted to a testicular open biopsy in S. João ...
Carp Howard J A - - 2012
Several lines of evidence suggest that autoimmune mechanisms may influence the reproductive life and fertility of both sexes, commonly manifesting as infertility or pregnancy loss. Part of the controversy that characterizes this assumption derives from the overlooked suspect of autoimmune conditions in the absence of symptoms or the limited physician ...
Pritzier Ellen Cathrine EC Department of Dermato-venerology, Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, - - 2012
Polymorphic eruption of pregnancy (PEP), also known as pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy, is a common benign dermatosis of pregnancy mainly affecting primigravidae and multiple pregnancies. We report here two cases of PEP with typical clinical and histological features presenting in the postpartum period.
Clarke Joseph Adam - - 2012
A 23-year-old lady presented with a 10-month history of multiple episodes of prolonged and erratic menstrual bleeding having undergone a surgical termination of pregnancy. Initially, pelvic ultrasound and hysteroscopy were found to be normal and for many months she was treated pharmacologically for dysfunctional uterine bleeding. She also tried both ...
Nuñez-Calonge R - - 2012
Objective. To optimise the use of freeze/thaw testicular immotile spermatozoa from nonobstructive azoospermia patients and to analyse the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) of such spermatozoa. Methods. Testicular specimens were retrieved and cryopreserved from forty patients with nonobstructive azoospermia and underwent one cycle with thawed spermatozoa (Group I) that ...
Entringer Sonja S Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-4260, - - 2012
Epidemiological, clinical, physiological, cellular, and molecular evidence suggests that the origins of obesity and metabolic dysfunction can be traced back to intrauterine life and supports an important role for maternal nutrition prior to and during gestation in fetal programming. The elucidation of underlying mechanisms is an area of interest and ...
Arjmandi Far Mitra M Midwifery and Reproductive Health Department, Faculty of Medical Science, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, - - 2012
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) complicates 3-7% of all pregnancies and fetomaternal outcomes are strongly related to early diagnosis of GDM. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of risk factors in the prediction of an abnormal glucose challenge test (GCT). This was a prospective study conducted during ...
Shahbazian Nahid N Fetal Medicine Unit, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Jondishapor University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, - - 2012
A significant number of pregnancies are associated with the cytogenetic abnormalities of the fetus. Amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling (CVS) are procedures used for prenatal genetic diagnosis. In this study, we compare the safety and complications of mid-trimester amniocentesis and transabdominal CVS. This analytic cross-sectional study was performed in 308 ...
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