Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1218
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Desoye Gernot G Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent studies have established that the neonate born to a pregnancy with maternal diabetes or obesity ('diabesity') is characterized by increased fat accumulation. The neonatal fat is the result of triglyceride synthesis and deposition stimulated by elevated fetal insulin levels combined with insulin's mitogenic activity directly stimulating the growth of ...
Willis Kent K Our Lady of the Lake Regional Medical Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The global obesity epidemic is changing the face of maternal-fetal medicine. One in five women is obese at time of conception, and increasing numbers of parturients have undergone bariatric surgery. Recent publication of large, population-based studies and comparison studies of preoperative and post-operative pregnancies have highlighted new risks and benefits ...
Walsh Jennifer M JM UCD Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
Pregnancy presents a unique époque in life with considerable potential to influence not only maternal health but also the health of the next generation. Nutritional interventions in pregnancy can influence maternal, foetal and infant health. This chapter describes the findings of a large randomised controlled trial on the impact of ...
Aaronson Jaime J Division of Obstetric Anesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology, Columbia University, 630 W 168th St, P & S Box 46, New York, NY, - - 2014
The scope of obstetric anesthesia practice ranges far beyond the delivery of care to women for vaginal and cesarean deliveries. Increasingly, obstetric anesthesiologists are involved in the management of anesthetics for new procedures and for new indications. Anesthesia is frequently needed for maternal procedures, as well as fetal procedures, and ...
Zhou F F Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Diseases of Women and Children (Sichuan University), Ministry of Education, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, - - 2014
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is associated with an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Fetal distress in ICP is an acute process, and the abnormal expression of placental local vasodilatory factors play an essential role. Urocortin (UCN) exhibits a powerful concentration-dependent vasodilatation effect in the utero-placental-fetal unit. Our study ...
Liat Salzer S Helen Schneider Hospital for Women, Rabin Medical Center, Petach Tikva, and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
Obesity is a rising global epidemic. Obesity during pregnancy is associated with increased maternal and fetal risks, which is inversely correlated with the severity level of obesity. Other comorbidities are common (diabetes mellitus, hypertensive disorders, etc.) and contribute to an even increased risk. Maternal obesity during pregnancy contributes also to ...
Papachatzi Eleni - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Pre- or early-pregnancy obesity carries significant health implications. This retrospective cohort study investigates the association between pre- or early-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and the risk of fetal and neonatal death in pregnancies implicated by obesity in a Mediterranean country. Study design: Data on pregnancies delivered during 2003-2008 ...
Gizzo Salvatore - - 2014
Abstract One of the most frequent causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity is represented by hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. Women at high risk must be subjected to a more intensive antenatal surveillance and prophylactic treatments. Many genetic risk factors, clinical features and biomarkers have been proposed but none of these ...
Seidmann L L Institute of Pathology, University Medical Centre of the Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Idiopathic immaturity is one of the main reasons for latent placental insufficiency and antenatal hypoxia. Postnatal identification of the immature placental phenotype may help early stratification of a heterogeneous population of newborns and individually identify risk of disease in the immediate postnatal life. The aim of the study was to ...
Munnangi S S Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, St. John's University, Queens, NY, - - 2014
In an effort to improve prenatal screening for Trisomy 21, we evaluated pregnancy associated plasma protein-A2 (PAPP-A2) as a potential novel second trimester biomarker for Trisomy 21. Trisomy 21 and normal control mid-trimester placental samples were subjected to quantitative rt PCR analysis of seven genes we had previously found to ...
Coscia Lisa A LA National Transplantation Pregnancy Registry (NTPR), Gift of Life Institute, 401 N. 3rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19123, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Successful pregnancies have been reported in all types of solid-organ transplant recipients on a variety of immunosuppressive regimens. Immunosuppression is essential to maintain the transplanted organ and maternal health, thus the safety of these medications continues to be studied. This article reviews information in the literature and data from the ...
Yao Youli - - 2014
Chronic stress is considered to be one of many causes of human preterm birth (PTB), but no direct evidence has yet been provided. Here we show in rats that stress across generations has downstream effects on endocrine, metabolic and behavioural manifestations of PTB possibly via microRNA (miRNA) regulation. Pregnant dams ...
Junaid T O TO Maternal and Fetal Health Research Centre, Institute of Human Development, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, St Mary's Hospital, Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9WL, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Placental functional impairment in pregnancies with fetal growth restriction (FGR) can arise from fetoplacental vascular abnormalities. We aimed to compare the micro and macrovasculature of placentas from normal pregnancies with those showing late onset FGR. Placental arterial casts (n = 12 normal, 6 FGR) were prepared. Chorionic arterial number and inter-branch length ...
Simják Patrik - - 2014
Abstract Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is the most common liver disorder of pregnancy. Diagnosis is based on the clinical picture, particularly the presence of pruritus with a deterioration of liver function tests, and typically elevated serum levels of total bile acids. ICP manifests in the second half of pregnancy, ...
Iciek R R Department of Obstetrics and Women's Diseases, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland. - - 2014
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is still associated with increased risk of severe maternal and foetal complications but their pathomechanism remains unclear. we investigated the possible role of placental vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in foetal development in T1DM pregnancies. Sixty seven pregnant women ...
Cetković Aleksandar - - 2014
Pregnancies complicated with antiphospholipd syndrome are associated with the increased perinatal mortality and morbidity. The aim of this study was to assess perinatal outcome in pregnancies with primary antiphospholipd syndrome. This prospective study evaluated perinatal outcome in 25 pregnant women with antiphospholipid syndrome. After establishing vital pregnancy all the patients ...
Aydogan P P Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Isparta Maternity Hospital, Isparta, Turkey. - - 2014
The underlying inflammation of endometrium may impede normal implantation of placenta during pregnancy. Our objective is to show cervical colonization of ureaplasma and/or mycoplasma as a marker of endometritis in pregnancies complicated with placenta previa that can be a risk factor for placenta accreta and peripartum hemorrhage. Cervical cultures for ...
Toptas Tayfun - - 2014
No systematic empirical research exists addressing the question of optimal pregnancy termination method in second trimester pregnancies. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of intravaginal misoprostol and extraamniotic Foley catheter combination for second trimester pregnancy termination. A single center observational study was conducted in ...
Gielezynska Agata - - 2014
FMH quantification is necessary to calculate an individual dose of prophylactic anti-RhD immunoglobulin and to diagnose fetal anaemia causes. We encountered a healthy woman with a numerous RBCs containing fetal haemoglobin (HbF). To investigate the cause of this sign and the correct evaluation of fetal RBCs in maternal circulation. Patients ...
Liao Pamela P Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Toronto, Toronto - - 2014
To determine if fetal macrosomia in the second trimester predicts the onset of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) or large for gestational age (LGA) birth weight. We performed a case-control study using data from the Diabetes in Pregnancy Clinic in our tertiary care hospital. Cases were women with GDM requiring insulin ...
Fejgin Moshe D - - 2014
Removal of retained placental tissue postpartum and retained products of conception (RPOC) abortion is done by uterine curettage or hysteroscopy. Trauma to the endometrium from surgical procedures, primarily curettage, can cause intrauterine adhesions (Asherman's syndrome) and subsequent infertility. The incidence of malpractice claims relating to intrauterine adhesions is rising, justifying ...
Alizadeh Leila L Department of Maternal and Child Health, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, IR - - 2014
Studies on the association between maternal hemoglobin (Hb) concentration and adverse pregnancy outcome have been inconsistent. Many studies have shown the impact of Hb concentration on pregnancy outcomes in adult women; however, it is not revealed in adolescent pregnant women. The aim of this study was to examine the effect ...
Fernández Alba Juan J JJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital of Puerto Real, Cádiz, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The prevalence of D alloimmunization occurs between 0.15% and 0.4%. The anti-D can cross the placenta and cause hemolysis and fetal anemia. At present, a Doppler study of the middle cerebral artery allows the monitoring of the degree of fetal anemia. The treatment in cases of moderate to severe anemia ...
McCloskey Conor C Division of Reproductive Health, Clinical Sciences Research Laboratories, Warwick Medical School University of Warwick, Coventry, - - 2014
Abnormal uterine activity in pregnancy causes a range of important clinical disorders, including preterm birth, dysfunctional labour and post-partum haemorrhage. Uterine contractile patterns are controlled by the generation of complex electrical signals at the myometrial smooth muscle plasma membrane. To identify novel targets to treat conditions associated with uterine dysfunction, ...
Silva-Pinto Ana Cristina AC Hemocentro de Ribeirão Preto, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to verify the evolution of pregnancies in sickle cell patients followed at one institution over a period of 12 years (January 2000 to June 2012). The study evaluated 34 pregnant women with sickle cell disease with a mean age of 23.9±5.3 years. The incidence ...
Stephens Trina V TV Child & Family Research Institute, BC Children's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, British Columbia, - - 2014
Adequate dietary protein intake throughout pregnancy is essential to ensure healthy fetal development. Insufficient and excessive maternal dietary protein intakes are both associated with intrauterine growth restriction, resulting in low birth weight infants. The aim of this study was to analyze the dietary protein intake patterns of healthy pregnant women ...
Gebuza Grażyna G Department of Obstetric Care Basics, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, - - 2014
Birth of a baby has a big impact on women's lives. The presence and help of loved ones favours wellbeing, health, coping with difficult situations. The aim of this study was to determine whether women's satisfaction with life changes during pregnancy and after delivery, and to identify correlates of life satisfaction. Life satisfaction was ...
Fatima P P Professor Parveen Fatima, Professor (Infertility), Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, - - 2014
The hydatidiform mole with coexisting fetus is a rare condition. There have been few reports on this condition following ovulation induction and ART. We describe here the clinical features, management and outcome of a case of complete hydatidiform mole with coexisting viable twin fetus following Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection. A 29 ...
Zastavna D - - 2014
Karyotyping of 366 couples couples (732 individuals) with early recurrent pregnancy losses in anamnesis revealed chromosomal anomalies in 4.09% (30 cases)--within them 2.05% carry reciprocal translocations, in 0.82%--Robertsonian translocations, 0.55% carry numerical and structural gonosomal anomalies and in 0.27%--marker chromosome of unknown origin. The risk of early reproductive losses in ...
Cressman Alex M AM Motherisk Program, Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto ON; Faculty of Medicine University of Toronto, Toronto - - 2014
Cocaine abuse during pregnancy is a significant public health problem but is infrequently discussed between physicians and patients. The impact of in utero cocaine exposure on pregnancy and the baby has received significant media attention in preceding decades because of fears of teratogenicity, long-term health consequences, and poor cognitive and ...
Grand'Maison Sophie S Department of Internal Medicine, Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Montreal - - 2014
The benefits of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) use for treating intra-hepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) remain uncertain. A 2010 Cochrane Review of randomized control trials was unable to recommend either for or against the use of UDCA in treating ICP. We conducted a meta-analysis of the literature, including both non-randomized studies ...
Ikechebelu Ji J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Anambra State, - - 2014
The incidence of true knot of the umbilical cord is not only very low but it is often undiagnosed antenatally when present despite the availability of prenatal ultrasonography. When the true knot remains tight, it may impede the circulation of the fetus and may result to fetal death in utero ...
Panda Subrat S Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health & Medical Sciences (NEIGRIHMS), Meghalaya, - - 2014
Pregnancies with early onset fetal growth restriction have poor perinatal outcome. Sildenafil citrate (PDE -5 inhibitor) as a vasodilator increases utero-placental blood flow and potentiates fetal growth. In this study, a case was examined and Sildenafil was administered for her. It was found that Sildenafil improved the uterine blood flow ...
Moussa Hind N HN Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, The University of Texas Medical School at Houston, 6431 Fannin, Suite 3.430, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2014
Hypertensive disorders are the most common medical complication of pregnancy, with an incidence of 5-10%, and a common cause of maternal mortality in the USA. Incidence of pre-eclampsia has increased by 25% in the past two decades. In addition to being among the lethal triad, there are likely up to ...
Albu Ar A "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania University Emergency Hospital Bucharest Obstetrics and Gynecology - - 2014
Reduced fetal growth is seen in about 10% of the pregnancies but only a minority has a pathological background and is known as intrauterine growth restriction or fetal growth restriction (IUGR / FGR). Increased fetal and neonatal mortality and morbidity as well as adult pathologic conditions are often associated to ...
Albu Ar A "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy; Bucharest University Emergency Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and - - 2014
The assessment of fetal growth represents a fundamental step towards the identification of the true growth restricted fetus that is associated to important perinatal morbidity and mortality. The possible ways of detecting abnormal fetal growth are taken into consideration in this review and their strong and weak points are discussed. ...
Sneider Kirstine K Center of Clinical Research, Vendsyssel Hospital, Aalborg University Aalborg, - - 2014
Pregnancy outcome after trachelectomy has high risk of complications such as second trimester pregnancy loss and preterm birth. We report beneficial effect of a simple procedure of vaginal occlusion in addition to cerclage in a patient with trachelectomy and two prior second trimester pregnancy losses.
Barati Mojgan M Fertility Infertility and Perinatology Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, - - 2014
Increased impedance to flow in the uterine arteries assessed by value of the Doppler is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, especially pre-eclampsia. We investigated the predictive value of a uterine artery Doppler in the identification of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as 'pre-eclampsia' and 'small fetus for gestational age' (SGA). Three ...
Eze Charles C University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Medical Radiography and Radiological - - 2014
Common fetal parameters for gestational age (GA) estimation have pitfalls especially in advanced pregnancy and pregnancy complicated by fetal structural anomaly. To assess the relationship between umbilical cord size and gestational age of the fetus. A sonographic cross sectional study involving 300 pregnant women with GA between 14 weeks to ...
Kramer Michael S MS Departments of Pediatrics and Epidemiology, Biostatistics andOccupationalHealth,McGillUniversity Faculty ofMedicine,Montreal, Canada. - - 2014
Some breastfed infants with atopic eczema benefit from elimination of cow milk, egg, or other antigens from their mother's diet. Maternal dietary antigens are also known to cross the placenta. To assess the effects of prescribing an antigen avoidance diet during pregnancy or lactation, or both, on maternal and infant ...
Fujiwara Kana K Perinatal Center for Maternity and Neonate, Yokohama City University Medical Center Yokohama, - - 2014
We present a case in which to of fetal subdural hematoma developing despite that the maternal the prothrombin time by international normalized ratio (PT/INR) during pregnancy was within the normal range.
Rajagopalan S S Department of Anesthesiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Acute aortic dissection in pregnant women is a rare but potentially life-threatening event. Our aim was to evaluate maternal and fetal outcomes of acute aortic dissection during pregnancy. We conducted a review of literature of the PubMed database to identify publications related to pregnant women with acute aortic dissections during ...
Waring Molly E ME Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 368 Plantation Street, Worcester, MA 01605, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We examined pregnant women's interest in using a website or mobile application to help them gain a healthy amount of weight during pregnancy. Pregnant women (N = 64) completed a short questionnaire during routine prenatal care at hospital-based obstetric clinics in central Massachusetts during April-August 2012. Eighty-six percent reported interest in using ...
Coronado P J - - 2014
Background/aims: Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) impact in the pregnant woman´s quality of life, especially when are persistent or severe. The objective is to estimate the prevalence and factors associated with the persistence of NVP in each trimester of pregnancy.Methods: We studied a cohort of 263 pregnant women with ...
Arleo Elizabeth Kagan EK New York-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The terms "cornual," "interstitial," and "angular" pregnancies are used inconsistently in the literature. Some sources use "interstitial" and "cornual" synonymously, while others reserve "cornual" for gestations in bicornuate or septate uteri; others distinguish interstitial from angular pregnancy, while in practice, many physicians are unfamiliar with the latter designation. This article ...
Firdouse Mohammed M Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON Canada ; McMaster University, 4077 Tea Garden Circle, Mississauga, ON L5B 2W5 - - 2014
In early fetal life, the ductus venosus (DV) connects the umbilical vein, carrying nutrient-rich and oxygenated blood from the placenta to the inferior vena cava (IVC). We present the first ever case of a fetus with two ductus venosus. The fetus presented with a four-vessel cord and a dilated bowel ...
Chandane Parmarth G PG Department of Pediatrics, Bai Jerbai Wadia Hospital for Children, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Antenatal use of anticonvulsant valproic acid can result in a well-recognized cluster of facial dysmorphism, congenital anomalies and neurodevelopmental retardation. In this report, we describe a case with typical features of fetal valproate syndrome (FVS). A 26-year-old female with epilepsy controlled on sodium valproate 800 mg/day since 3 years, gave ...
Yang Jehn-Hsiahn JH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2014
To propose a novel method of hysteroscopic resection of complete septate uterus with preservation of duplicated cervix. Retrospective study. Classification: Canadian Task Force classification II-3. Tertiary university hospital. Five women with complete septate uterus and cervical duplication, and who also suffered from infertility with or without pregnancy loss. Bougie-guided or ...
de Jesus Guilherme R GR Department of Obstetrics, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pregnancy morbidity is one of the clinical manifestations used for classification criteria of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). During the 14th International Congress on Antiphospholipid Antibodies (aPL), a Task Force with internationally-known experts was created to carry out a critical appraisal of the literature available regarding the association of aPL with obstetric ...
Chuang Cynthia H CH Division of General Internal Medicine, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA 17033, United States; Department of Public Health Sciences, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA 17033, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is associated with increased risk of pregnancy-related complications, postpartum weight retention, and long-term obesity. Little is known about the behavioural habits of pregnant women who achieve and exceed recommended GWG. In 2011, qualitative interviews were conducted in Pennsylvania with postpartum women who were overweight or ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >