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Zhang Pei-ai - - 2007
Evolutionary graphs (EGs), in which evolutionary dynamic is arranged on a graph, were initially proposed by Lieberman et al. [Lieberman, E., Hauert, C., Nowak, M.A., 2005. Evolutionary dynamics on graphs. Nature 433, 312-316] in the biological field and many biological phenomena are successfully explained. EGs on two levels (or bi-level ...
Kremen William S WS Department of Psychiatry, Center for Behavioral Genomics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0738, USA. - - 2007
The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) has been utilized extensively as a measure of executive function and working memory and as a neurocognitive probe of prefrontal brain function. In studies of psychiatric illness--particularly schizophrenia--it has also been considered to be a cognitive vulnerability marker or endophenotype. Heritability is an important ...
Torgersen Anne Mari - - 2007
The hypothesis that attachment in adults is influenced by genetic factors was investigated. The within-pair differences in attachment representation in same-sex monozygotic and dizygotic twins were compared using the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). The results showed a clear tendency toward monozygotic twins (n = 28) being more concordant than dizygotic ...
Fellman Johan - - 2007
It is common opinion that the stillbirth rate is higher among monozygotic (MZ) than among dizygotic (DZ) twins. This is supported by the fact that stillbirth rates are higher among same-sexed than among opposite-sexed twins, and the relatively high stillbirth rates among twins of young mothers. In this study we ...
Grynberg M - - 2007
We report the case of monozygotic (MZ) male twin fetuses with different Down syndrome (DS) phenotypes. Prenatal fetal sonography showed a bichorial biamniotic pregnancy with increased nuchal translucency in twin A and a cervical cystic hygroma and heart defect in twin B. Cytogenetic analysis performed after double amniocentesis showed free ...
Kaplan Robert - - 2007
South African historian Charles van Onselen's discovery of the identity of Jack the Ripper is described. The author was consulted by van Onselen during the writing of the latter's book, "The Fox and the Flies: Joe Silver, Racketeer and Psychopath", which suggested the identity of Jack the Ripper and was ...
Jirapongphan Siricharn S - - 2007
A mechanism has been proposed for the separation of valinol enantiomers using a chiral-modified zeolite HY (i.e., zeolite HY containing (+)-(1R;2R)-hydrobenzoin) Molecular modeling of chiral-modified zeolite HY employed in enantioselective separation. Jirapongphan SS, Warzywoda J, Budil DE, Sacco A Jr. Chirality 2007; in press, which accurately predicted the experimentally measured ...
Rouw Romke - - 2007
Diffusion tensor imaging allowed us to validate for the first time the hypothesis that hyperconnectivity causes the added sensations in synesthesia. Grapheme-color synesthetes (n = 18), who experience specific colors with particular letters or numbers (for example, 'R is sky blue'), showed greater anisotropic diffusion compared with matched controls. Greater ...
Mossey Peter A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between pregnancy planning and orofacial clefts in the United Kingdom. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Scotland and the Manchester and Merseyside regions of England. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and ninety-one children born with nonsyndromic orofacial cleft, 1997 to 2000, and 247 controls. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Cleft lip ...
Tansella Carole - - 2007
AIMS: The article describes the evolution of Outsider Art from the birth of its term in 1972 to the present and its emancipation from the margin to the markets, still in progress. RESULTS: Tracing the evolution of Outsider Art evidences a stark contradiction. On one hand the art world of ...
Chaiyasate S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine if anatomical variations in the paranasal sinuses of twins are the result of genetic or environmental influences. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, observational study. SETTING: An academic hospital in Brussels, Belgium. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five volunteer twins (17 identical twins and eight non-identical twins). Of the identical twins, six were ...
Ettinger Ulrich - - 2007
CONTEXT: Abnormalities of the thalamus are thought to be central to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. These abnormalities include altered structure and shape of the thalamus itself and possibly changes to the adhesio interthalamica (or massa intermedia), the gray matter bridge connecting the 2 thalamic lobes. However, it is not clear ...
Liew S H Melissa - - 2007
To examine the relative roles of genetic and environmental factors in central retinal thickness, by performing a classical twin study. 310 subjects were recruited from the TwinsUK adult registry at St Thomas' Hospital. Optical coherence tomography (Zeiss, stratus OCT3) was used to measure the average retinal thickness in the central ...
Yamanaka Hiroyasu - - 2007
Gram-negative bacteria possess the outer membrane protein TolC which acts as an exit duct across the outer membrane. However, the region involved in the transport activity of TolC has remained unclear. We analyzed this region by creating chimeric TolCs. First, we expressed the genes for TolCs of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (vp-tolC) ...
Pilu G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a novel approach to the visualization of the fetal secondary palate using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound. METHODS: Sonographic examinations were performed in normal fetuses and in one fetus with cleft lip and palate. To avoid acoustic shadowing from the alveolar ridge, the secondary palate was ...
Nasrin Takzare
In this research, it has studied the teratogenicity of Diazepam intake during pregnancy and its effects on cleft lip and palatal development. About 30 virgin rats of known age and weight were used. After pregnancy, they were divided in three groups: The first groups were control group which were injected ...
Mohan Harsh - - 2007
Fetus-in-fetu is a malformed parasitic monozygotic diamniotic twin that is found inside the body of the living child or adult. A 3-year-old male child presented with a retroperitoneal mass, which on radiological examination showed retroperitoneal teratoma. Pathological examination revealed fetus-in-fetu with partially developed vertebral column.
Brown Alan S - - 2007
Elevated prenatal homocysteine level is a plausible risk factor for schizophrenia because of its partial antagonism of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors under physiologic glycine concentrations and its association with abnormal placental function and pregnancy complications. We examined whether elevated maternal levels of homocysteine during the third trimester were associated with adult schizophrenia ...
Honda Minoru - - 2007
Division and partitioning of microbodies (peroxisomes) of the green alga Klebsormidium flaccidum, whose cells contain a single microbody, were investigated by electron microscopy. In interphase, the rod-shaped microbody is present between the nucleus and the single chloroplast, oriented perpendicular to the pole-to-pole direction of the future spindle. A centriole pair ...
Manninen Bertha Alvarez - - 2007
One of the most famous, and most derided, arguments against the morality of abortion is the argument from potential, which maintains that the fetus' potential to become a person and enjoy the valuable life common to persons, entails that its destruction is prima facie morally impermissible. In this paper, I ...
Stuzin James M JM Coconut Grove, FL 33133, USA. - - 2007
Aesthetic analysis in facial rejuvenation has traditionally been subordinate to technical solutions. While concerns regarding correction of facial laxity, a reduction in the depth of the nasolabial fold, and improvement of both the jowl and the jawline are worthy goals in rhytidectomy, the aesthetic concept of restoring facial shape to ...
Kimaru Irene W - - 2006
This work details a study whereby the characterization of chiral selectors and identification of optimal separation conditions is evaluated by steady-state fluorescence anisotropy measurements. Earlier studies in our laboratory have shown fluorescence anisotropy to be an effective tool in evaluating chiral recognition, and in this study, the feasibility of characterizing ...
Kim Sung-Wan - - 2007
Data on the use of long-acting injectable (LAI) risperidone, the first atypical depot antipsychotic, during pregnancy are limited. A 35-year-old woman with schizophrenia was given LAI risperidone before and throughout her pregnancy. She gave birth to a female infant weighing 2230 g at 36 weeks and 6 days of pregnancy, ...
Yeh Ting-Feng - - 2006
Juvenile wood (JW) of conifers is often associated with compression wood (CW), with which it is sometimes believed to be identical. To determine whether JW and CW can be distinguished metabolically, we compared gas chromatographic profiles of 25 polar metabolites from rooted cuttings of a single loblolly pine (Pinus taeda ...
Sood Paul - - 2006
Syntheses of the novel polymer-bound platinum-based chemotherapeutic agent poly(HPMA)-GGG-Ama=Pt=(1R,2R)-DACH, AP5346, and its precursors are reported. The method utilized in preclinical development of AP5346 is described herein. Additionally, an improved synthesis, which has shown that ion exchange resins can be removed, significantly less platinum can be used when the reaction mixture ...
Shih Chun-Hat - - 2006
Three unique sorghum flavonoid 3'-hydroxylase (F3'H) cDNAs (SbF3'H1, SbF3'H2 and SbF3'H3) were discovered through bioinformatics analysis. Their encoded proteins showed >60% identity to the Arabidopsis TT7 (F3'H) protein. Overexpression of SbF3'H1 or SbF3'H2 restored the ability of tt7 mutants to produce 3'-hydroxylated flavonoids, establishing their roles as functional F3'H enzymes. ...
Palmer Christina G S - - 2006
Schizophrenia and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matching between couples or between mothers and offspring have independently been associated with prenatal/obstetric complications, including preeclampsia and low birth weight. Here, we report the results of a family-based candidate-gene study that brings together these two disparate lines of research by assessing maternal-fetal genotype ...
Willer Cristen J - - 2006
Microchimerism, the persistence of foreign cells thought to derive from previous pregnancies, has been associated with autoimmune diseases. A maternal parent-of-origin effect in MS remains unexplained. We tested for microchimerism in monozygotic and dizygotic twin-pairs with MS. Microchimerism was associated with MS in affected females from monozygotic concordant pairs when ...
Pitman Roger K RK Massachusetts General Hospital, Room 2616, Bldg. 149, 13th St., Charlestown, MA 02129, USA. - - 2006
A biological abnormality found to be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be, among other things, a pretrauma vulnerability factor, that is, it may have been present prior to the event's occurrence and increased the individual's likelihood of developing PTSD upon traumatic exposure. Alternately, it may be an acquired ...
Thomsen Louise Schmidt Arenholt - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relative environmental and genetic influence in the development of carcinoma in situ (CIS) cervicis uteri. METHODS: Retrospective follow-up study with record linkage between The Danish Twin Register and The Danish Cancer Register. The study base comprises 27,004 female twins from 13,502 same-sex twin pairs. 5,258 were ...
Russell Michael Bjørn - - 2006
The objective was to investigate the importance of genetic and environmental factors for infrequent episodic, frequent episodic and chronic tension-type headache. Twin pairs recruited from the population-based Danish Twin Registry received a posted questionnaire. Only twin pairs where both twins replied were included. A total of 3523 monozygotic (MZ), 4150 ...
Herman Daniel B - - 2006
We sought to replicate (or refute) a previous report of an association between unwantedness of a pregnancy and the risk of schizophrenia in the offspring. The study was conducted using a large, prospectively collected birth cohort as part of the Prenatal Determinants of Schizophrenia study (PDS). Attitude toward the pregnancy ...
Neal-Barnett Angela - - 2006
Affective correlates of hair pulling were investigated in a sample of 43 African-American women with trichotillomania. The relationship among affective correlates and dimensions of racial identity was also examined. Via phone interview, participants completed the hair-pulling survey on which they rated the intensity of 10 different affective states across three ...
Iida Seiji - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The frequent insertion of self-tapping screws for securing the proximal positioning plate in bimaxillary osteotomy often cause loosening of screws and plate, which produces incorrect repositioning. In this article, a newly developed base-attachment for a T-shaped proximal positioning plate for bimaxillary osteotomy is presented. MATERIAL: The base-attachment set consists ...
Makris Dimitris P - - 2006
Nineteen major polyphenolic phytochemicals including hydroxycinnamate derivatives, flavanols, flavonols, and anthocyanins, were determined in 40 experimental red wines employing HPLC-DAD. All wines analysed were young (non-aged), produced, and stored under identical conditions, in an effort to minimize the effect of oak wood and vinification technology. The data obtained from this ...
Tan Tiong Yang - - 2006
A female fetus with an unusual collection of congenital anomalies was detected prenatally. The pregnancy was terminated at 21 weeks of gestation. Clinical and pathological findings of bilateral cleft lip and palate, micrognathia, thymic hypoplasia, unilateral 1-2 finger syndactyly, bilateral multicystic dysplastic kidneys and heterotopic olivary tissue are presented. Differential ...
Tsang Tsz M - - 2006
(1)H NMR spectroscopy-based metabonomic analysis was employed to investigate plasma samples from 21 pairs of monozygotic twins discordant for schizophrenia and 8 pairs of age-matched healthy twins in an effort to disentangle genetic and epigenetic components of schizophrenia. We identified alterations in the lipid profile of both affected and unaffected ...
Chambers Christina D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: An increased risk for intrauterine growth restriction in the affected member of like-sex twin pairs discordant for hypospadias has been reported. The purpose of this study was to document patterns of birth weight disparities in like-sex twins discordant for a variety of structural defects in order to determine if ...
Barak Rina - - 2006
One of the processes by which CheY, the excitatory response regulator of chemotaxis in Escherichia coli, can be activated to generate clockwise flagellar rotation is by acetyl-CoA synthetase (Acs)-mediated acetylation. Deletion of Acs results in defective chemotaxis, indicating the involvement of Acs-mediated acetylation in chemotaxis. To investigate whether Acs is ...
Pagonis Thomas A - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) are derived by chemical manipulation of the testosterone molecule. The specified category of drugs produces anabolic, androgenic and psycho-active effects including elevated aggressive, hostile, violent and anti social behavior. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this case report observational study was to evaluate the possible psychological consequences ...
Nettle Daniel - - 2006
There is an evolutionary puzzle surrounding the persistence of schizophrenia, since it is substantially heritable and associated with sharply reduced fitness. However, some of the personality traits which are predictive of schizophrenia are also associated with artistic creativity. Geoffrey Miller has proposed that artistic creativity functions to attract mates. Here, ...
Derom Catherine - - 2006
The data of the population-based, prospective survey of multiple births in East Flanders, Belgium, show that a greater proportion of monozygotic twins is observed with clomiphene citrate as sole treatment compared with other ovulatory drugs. Among iatrogenic monozygotic twins, the ratio of monochorionic versus dichorionic pairs is higher compared with ...
Mohanty Subhendra - - 2006
The energy levels of the left- and the right-handed neutrinos are split in the background of gravitational waves generated during inflation, which, in presence of lepton-number-violating interactions, gives rise to a net lepton asymmetry at equilibrium. Lepton number violation is achieved by the same dimension five operator which gives rise ...
Chmait R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prenatal detection rate of associated anomalies in fetuses with a suspected cleft lip with or without cleft palate. METHODS: Fetuses with a suspected cleft lip with or without cleft palate, determined by prenatal ultrasound, were prospectively enrolled. Additional anomalies suspected ...
Bullock Bernadette Marie - - 2006
This study uses a multitrait, multimethod (MTMM) approach to investigate the genetic and environmental etiologies of childhood deviant peer affiliation (DPA) and problem behavior (PROB). The variability of genetic and environmental estimates by agent and method is also examined. A total of 77 monozygotic and 72 dizygotic twin pairs and ...
Kremen William S WS Institute of Behavioral Genomics, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, 92093-0603, USA. - - 2006
Twin studies are advantageous because sources of genetic and environmental variation are equated in ways that are not possible in standard case-control designs. We examined premorbid cognitive ability by comparing Armed Forces Qualification Test scores administered at the time of military enlistment in 21 schizophrenia-discordant twin pairs and 860 matched ...
Fu Yun-Xin - - 2006
The Kingman coalescent, which has become the foundation for a wide range of theoretical as well as empirical studies, was derived as an approximation of the Wright-Fisher (WF) model. The approximation heavily relies on the assumption that population size is large and sample size is much smaller than the population ...
Bernheim N - - 2006
Craniofacial anomalies, in particular cleft lip and palate, are major human birth defects with a worldwide frequency of 1 in 700 and substantial clinical impact. This article reviews the embryology of the face, lip, and palate to enhance the understanding of the pathogenesis of these lesions, with particular attention to ...
Schwartz Joshua J - - 2005
Nineteen uranium-lead zircon ages of lower crustal gabbros from Atlantis Bank, Southwest Indian Ridge, constrain the growth and construction of oceanic crust at this slow-spreading midocean ridge. Approximately 75% of the gabbros accreted within error of the predicted seafloor magnetic age, whereas approximately 25% are significantly older. These anomalously old ...
Bresnahan Michaeline - - 2005
The Prenatal Determinants of Schizophrenia (PDS) study was designed to examine early antecedents to schizophrenia. Based in the Child Health and Development Study cohort assembled in 1959-1967, over 12,000 cohort members were followed in the PDS study for psychiatric disorders. Using the extensive data and biological samples prospectively collected beginning ...
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