Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 982
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Wang Hsin - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Selective bilateral uterine artery embolization has been used since the 1970s for the conservative treatment of postpartum hemorrhage. The fertility rate after the embolization procedure is yet to be determined. CASE: A 30-year-old woman presented with placental abruption and subsequently delivered preterm at 29 weeks' gestation. Her delivery was ...
Edelman Alison B - - 2003
In asymptomatic patients with an early gestation located in a noncommunicating rudimentary horn, methotrexate may provide another treatment option or act as a useful adjunct to surgical intervention. We present a case of a successful pregnancy termination of a gestation located in a noncommunicating rudimentary horn with subsequent elective laparoscopic ...
Chia Y N - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy following successful embolisation of a uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is rare. Hypovascularity of treated areas affecting placentation and fetal growth has been postulated to be the cause for adverse pregnancy outcomes. CLINICAL PICTURE: A 37-year-old multiparous lady presented with anaemia from repeated heavy vaginal bleeding from an iatrogenic ...
Nair S - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: More women are delaying child-bearing such that gynaecologists can no longer resort as frequently to definitive treatments, such as a hysterectomy, in the management of uterine fibroids. A review of newer conservative medical, radiological and surgical therapies and minimal access approaches to the organ-preserving myomectomy operation are discussed. MATERIALS ...
Selo-Ojeme Daniel O - - 2003
Splenic artery aneurysms (SAA) occur predominantly in women and a majority of the aneurysms are asymptomatic until rupture. Over half of those that rupture occur during pregnancy or in women who have had children. Rupture during pregnancy is associated with a very high maternal and fetal mortality rate. Although this ...
Debby Abraham - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether extraamniotic prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) for midtrimester pregnancy interruption in women with a scarred uterus has any adverse effects compared to those without an uterine scar. STUDY DESIGN: Two hundred and sixty-two women who underwent second trimester (16-27 gestational weeks) termination of pregnancy were enrolled in this ...
Chauhan Suneet P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of uterine rupture and its complications as the result of trial of labor after previous cesarean delivery. STUDY DESIGN: PubMed was searched from 1989 to 2001, with the terms "VBAC, uterine rupture," "trial of labor, uterine rupture," "cesarean delivery, ...
Gangula P R R - - 2003
Human and rodent studies have demonstrated that calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), a potent vasodilator, relaxes uterine tissue during pregnancy but not during labor. The vascular sensitivity to CGRP is enhanced during pregnancy, compared to nonpregnant human uterine arteries. In the present study, we hypothesized that uterine artery relaxation effects of ...
Takahashi Y - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The preload index (PLI) has been shown to increase in the recipient fetus of twin-twin transfusion syndrome in the presence of uterine contractions. The objective of this study was to determine whether there are changes in PLI in the presence of uterine contractions in normal fetuses. METHODS: Inferior vena ...
Segal David - - 2003
A gravida 10 para 9, after one Cesarean section (CS) followed by four vaginal deliveries was admitted at term without uterine contractions complaining of abdominal pain. The type of uterine scar was unknown. Severe bradycardia was observed at admission and an emergency Cesarean section was performed. A complete uterine rupture ...
Kelly B A - - 2003
Mechanisms underlying structural reorganization of the uterine artery in pregnancy remain largely unknown. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) which are involved in degradation of vascular wall matrix are likely to play a key role. In this investigation of rat uterine artery, key MMPs and the specific tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) together ...
Liang Hung-Shuo - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cesarean scar pregnancy complicated by placenta percreta and uterine rupture is an uncommon gynecologic emergency. CASE: A woman presenting with abdominal pain and shock was found to have a cesarean scar pregnancy complicated by placenta percreta and uterine rupture. CONCLUSION: Implantation within a cesarean scar may cause placenta percreta, ...
Chen Yi-Jen - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic bipolar coagulation of uterine vessels (LBCUV) has been employed for women with symptomatic uterine myomas, but its effect on subsequent pregnancy has not been characterized. METHODS: Four-hundred and twenty-three women entered the study between March 1999 and December 2001. Of these, 142 women (33.6%) were under the age ...
Liu Xinyan - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the diagnosis of and conservative management for lower uterine segment pregnancy with placenta increta complicating first trimester abortion. METHODS: Four patients with previous caesarean section and severe hemorrhage in induced abortion in the first trimester were studied. Uterine artery embolization (UAE) was used to control bleeding and ...
Lim Sung-chul - - 2003
A rare case of an extragonadal teratoma, which occurred primarily in the uterus, is described. The tumor developed in the uterine cervix as a conventional cervical polyp, 3 months after an elective abortion in a 27-year-old woman. Microscopically, the solid 2.2 x 1.8 x 1.5 cm mass was a mature ...
Ayoubi Jean-Marc - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Uterine rupture after salpingectomy, especially associated with cornual resection, is a rare, serious pregnancy complication. CASE: A spontaneous uterine rupture occurred during the second trimester of pregnancy, following salpingectomy with resection of the interstitial portion. Conservative treatment was performed, and fertility was preserved. CONCLUSION: Postsalpingectomy pregnancies must be carefully ...
Singhal Savita - - 2003
An 18-year-old primigravida presented following recurrent failed attempts at pregnancy termination for intra-uterine fetal death. Clinical examination aroused suspicion of non-communicating uterine horn with bicornuate uterus. Examination under anaesthesia and laparotomy revealed a partial vaginal septum, complete septate uterus with septum deviated to one side and fetus lying in the ...
Conturso R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hysteroscopic metroplasty improves pregnancy outcome in case of uterine septum. Uterine rupture during a pregnancy following this procedure may occur. CASE: A patient with a history of hysteroscopic resection of a uterine septum complicated by fundal perforation, presented at 28 weeks a spontaneous uterine rupture with amniotic sac protrusion ...
Bäcklin B-M - - 2003
A high prevalence of uterine leiomyoma has been reported in Baltic gray seals aged 15 years and above. Studies on Baltic seals during the 1970s revealed high tissue concentrations of the organochlorines bis(chlorophenyl)-1,1,1-trichloroethane (DDT) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), lowered reproduction rate, and pathologic changes. In the second half of the ...
Hendrix Nancy W - - 2003
Over a 36 month period, all hysterectomies with clinical assessment, sonographic measurement of uterine length and estimated uterine weight were reviewed. Accuracy of these methods was ascertained by: 1) mean error, 2) mean standardized error, and 3) percentage of estimates within 10% of the actual weight. Among 210 hysterectomies, the ...
Narlawar Ranjeet S - - 2003
We report a rare case of twin pregnancy in the same horn of a bicornuate uterus. This patient's uterine malformation was detected for the first time when she experienced abdominal pain at 6 weeks of amenorrhea. Transabdominal and transvaginal sonographic examinations were performed. Both embryos showed cardiac motion on transvaginal ...
Achanna K Siva - - 2003
A case of spontaneous rupture of uterine artery in the second trimester of pregnancy is described. Haemorrhage from rupture of uterine artery during pregnancy was discovered at laparotomy. This was an unusual but serious complication of pregnancy. This condition is extremely rare and one must consider it in cases of ...
Baird Donna Day - - 2003
Uterine fibroids are benign tumors, the etiology of which is not understood. Symptoms can be debilitating, and the primary treatment is surgery, usually hysterectomy. Epidemiologic data show that pregnancy is associated with reduced risk of fibroids. We hypothesize that this association is attributable to a protective effect of postpartum involution ...
Klipstein S - - 2003
The aetiology of anomalous embryonic and fetal development of the female reproductive tract, ranging from common uterine abnormalities to the somewhat rare congenital absence of the uterus and vagina (CAUV), is unknown. Some have proposed that abnormal galactose metabolism might cause CAUV. An association between CAUV and the N314D allele ...
Langendijk P - - 2003
This study was designed to assess effects of exogenous oxytocin (OT) on uterine activity, and to compare three different sexual stimuli in their effects on OT release, uterine activity and receptive behavior in estrous sows. Uterine activity was recorded nonsurgically, by transcervical insertion of an open-end catheter into the caudal ...
League Diane D - - 2003
In the United States, as many as two million women (ie, 22%) each year will consult a physician about menorrhagia (ie, excessive menstrual bleeding). Seven hundred thousand hysterectomies are performed in the United States each year for symptomatic menorrhagia. The procedure cost, risk, and complications, combined with the fact that ...
Letur-Konirsch Hélène - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether treatment with combined pentoxifylline (PTX) and tocopherol (Vit.E) can improve uterine parameters in hormonal replacement therapy (HRT)-resistant women with premature ovarian failure (POF), for whom the outcome of assisted reproductive technology is usually negative. We previously reported that uterine radiation-induced fibrosis is reversible by combined PTX-Vit.E ...
Otakara Morihito - - 2003
This study reported a stepwise (4-times) transcervical resection (TCR) performed on a patient with a large uterine myoma. The patient (36 years old) was at 6 weeks of pregnancy when at the first medical examination a uterine myoma, as large as the head of newborn infant, was discovered. After the ...
Yokoyama Yuji - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Various etiologies of myomatous erythrocytosis syndrome (erythrocytosis associated with a uterine leiomyoma), one of which is altered production of erythropoietin, have been proposed. We report a case of erythrocytosis associated with a large uterine leiomyoma in which erythropoietin activity and immunostaining for erythropoietin in the leiomyoma were found. CASE: ...
Reed William C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Uncomplicated uterine perforation has been considered a benign event. Since the advent of operative hysteroscopy, there have been several reports of uterine rupture during pregnancy in patients who have undergone that procedure when complicated by known or unsuspected uterine perforation. Large fundal defects without rupture have also been reported. ...
Kim Jeong-Sang - - 2003
As pregnancy advances, prostaglandins (PG) increase in the uterus, leading to elevated uterine contractility. Therefore, regulating the concentration of PG in the uterus can be a key factor for controlling the duration of labor. Since the synthesis of PGs in the uterus is catalyzed by cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), devising a tool ...
Shuiqing Ma - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical characteristics of fertility and pregnancy in women with congenital uterine malformations and explore optimal treatments to improve the prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on the fertility and obstetric outcome in 153 patients with uterine malformations treated in our hospital from January 1984 to ...
Rockwell L Christie - - 2002
Estrogen induces a rapid increase in microvascular permeability in the rodent uterus, leading to stromal edema and a marked increase in uterine wet weight. This edema is believed to create an environment optimal for the growth and remodeling of the endometrium in preparation for implantation and pregnancy. Increased endometrial microvascular ...
Page Kristen L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This study characterized the cellular remodeling that contributes to uterine venous growth during gestation and evaluated the effect of pregnancy on the mechanical properties of the uterine vein. STUDY DESIGN: Diameter and distensibility were calculated in pressurized uterine veins from virgin and pregnant (19-20 days of gestation) rats; the ...
DaCosta V - - 2002
Congenital anomalies of the uterus have been estimated to affect 0.06-10% of women. Uterine septae account for approximately 80% to 90% of these anomalies and is also associated with the poorest reproductive outcome. Pregnancy loss in patients with a septate uterus has been reported to be as high as 90% ...
Pan Hun-Shan - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Rupture of an unscarred uterus is rare, with a reported incidence of 1 in 8,000-15,000 pregnancies. We report a case occurring during labor. CASE: A 33-year-old woman, gravida 3, para 0, abortion 2, was admitted at 40 weeks' gestation with ruptured membranes. Fundal pressure was applied during delivery due ...
Tank Parikshit D - - 2004
Uterine inversion is an uncommon but life-threatening obstetric emergency. A review of the approaches to correct uterine inversion is presented. In cases where time has elapsed between delivery and presentation, the inversion ring may have become too tight to allow manual reposition of the fundus. In such cases, it has ...
Bujold Emmanuel - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to measure the impact of the interdelivery interval on uterine rupture during subsequent delivery. STUDY DESIGN: An observational cohort study was performed to assess the rate of uterine rupture in women with a previous low transverse cesarean delivery and no previous vaginal delivery ...
Angell Norman F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In patients with a prior uterine septum resection, uterine rupture during pregnancy has been reported with the use of energy sources or when complicated by perforation. CASE: A woman was found to have a uterine abnormality during her first pregnancy. After delivery, a septum was diagnosed and hysteroscopically incised ...
Chauhan Suneet P - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To describe maternal and perinatal outcomes after a prior classic cesarean delivery. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed including all patients from 1990-2000 whose most recent pregnancy was preceded by classic cesarean delivery. RESULTS: During the 11-year period, there were 37,863 deliveries and 157 patients (0.4%) underwent classic cesarean ...
Daskalakis George - - 2002
BACKGROUND:We present a rare case of pregnancy in a noncommunicating rudimentary horn that ruptured at 20 weeks. CASE:A 30-year-old woman presented with a history of two spontaneous abortions. An ultrasound scan showed a bicornuate uterus, with one normal and one hypoplastic horn. Hysterosalpingography revealed a single uterine cavity with only ...
Tarleton Becky J - - 2003
In the pig, estradiol-17beta valerate (EV) exposure from birth (Postnatal Day [PND] 0) disrupts estrogen receptor-alpha (ER)-dependent uterine development and increases embryo mortality in adults. To determine effects of neonatal EV exposure on adult uterine morphology and function, 36 gilts received corn oil (CO) or EV from PND 0 to ...
Okafor P I S - - 2002
A thirty-year old married nulliparous lady had a difficult myomectomy done by a general practitioner one year prior to presentation. Two months after the operation, she had her menstruation, but with a concurrent total, painless haematuria. This combination continued for nine months before her family physician referred her to the ...
Imada Keisuke - - 2002
Using a progesterone receptor antagonist, onapristone/ZK 98.299, we examined the in-vivo effects of progesterone on the function of uterine cervix during pregnancy. Onapristone was intravenously administered to pregnant rabbits on day 20 post coitum. After 24 h, the antiprogesterone increased the wet weight of the uterine cervix and decreased the ...
Saygili-Yilmaz Esra - - 2003
We evaluated the reproductive outcome after hysteroscopic metroplasty in the patients with septate uterus. The reproductive performance of 361 patients with septate uterus during the follow-up period of 18 months after the surgery was analyzed retrospectively for a period of 10 years. A total of 180 (49.8%) pregnancies were achieved ...
Li Yiu-Tai - - 2002
When we are confronted with a patient experiencing placenta previa with massive hemorrhage in cesarean delivery, hemostasis is first attempted using uterotonic drugs, uterine massage, and intrauterine packing. However, if these maneuvers fail, then uterine artery ligation, whole myometrial suture, and subendometrial vasopressin injection should be attempted. Perhaps these procedures ...
Topfer Leigh-Ann - - 2002
Uterine artery embolization (UAE), or uterine fibroid embolization, is a non-surgical treatment for uterine fibroids that preserves the uterus and offers women an alternative to surgical procedures such as hysterectomy and myomectomy. Evidence from controlled trials comparing fibroid treatments is not yet available. Case series reports indicate that UAE is ...
Adolph A J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Rudimentary horn pregnancies are rare. Although there have been previous reports of laparoscopic management, reports of successful pregnancies following previous excision of rudimentary horn were not found. Laparotomy remains the more common approach. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the story of a woman found to have a rudimentary horn pregnancy ...
Olayemi O - - 2002
A longitudinal study of 300 women in the puerperium was undertaken in an African population. The aim was to determine the influence of parity on postpartum uterine diameters during involution. The patients were divided into two groups, nulliparous and multiparous based on parity. The uterine diameters were larger in the ...
Yohannes Paulos - - 2002
Acute urinary retention during pregnancy is rare. Retention secondary to an impacted, gravid uterus is an emergency. Retroversion of the uterus, a history of pelvic inflammatory disease, and large fibroids are predisposing factors. The enlarging gravid uterus and uterine fibroids may trap the uterus inside the pelvic ring, preventing it ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >