Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 982
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Yun Anthony J - - 2005
We propose that inadequate sympathetic bias and Th2 bias in the uterine environment contributes to the formation of fibroids, independent of the sex steroid status. We also propose that fibroids represent a modern maladaptation that partly results from decreasing exposure to seminal fluid, which contains catecholalmines, transforming growth factor beta1 ...
Pron Gaylene - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report on pregnancies and deliveries occurring in a large cohort of women who underwent uterine artery embolization instead of surgery for symptomatic leiomyomata. METHODS: A total of 555 women underwent uterine embolization in a multicenter clinical trial. The primary embolic agent was 355-500 microm polyvinyl alcohol particles with ...
Celia G - - 2005
Venoarterial communication is a potential short-loop signaling pathway for the local control of uteroplacental perfusion. As this pathway is permeability-dependent, this study investigated the effects of molecular weight, gestation, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), wall tension, and constriction on solute flux across the venous wall. Experiments utilized fluorimetry to quantitate ...
Umezurike Chisara - - 2005
The medical literature has reported an increase in myomectomy during caesarean section in the past decade. However, myomectomy performed during pregnancy remains a rarity. The management of uterine fibroids during pregnancy is usually expectant and surgical removal is generally delayed until after delivery. We present a case of a large, ...
Guariglia Lorenzo - - 2005
We present a case of a patient developing uterine prolapse during pregnancy. The cervix reached the introitus at 10 weeks gestation and subsequently protruted progressively as the pregnancy advanced. The patient was conservatively treated with bed rest and the main maternal and fetal risks are avoided. At 4 months postpartum ...
Diab Mohamad O MO University of Technology of Compiègne. Biomechanics and biomedical department, email: - - 2005
The purpose of this study is to classify the uterine contractions in the electromyography (EMG) signal. As the frequency content of the contraction changes from one woman to another and during the pregnancy, wavelet decomposition is used to extract the parameters of each contraction, and an unsupervised statistical classification method ...
Ozeren S - - 2004
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and MR angiography were used for the differential diagnosis and preoperative planning of a 17 weeks of age rudimentary horn pregnancy. A 26-year-old primigravida was referred to our hospital with a preliminary diagnosis of abdominal pregnancy. After an inconclusive ultrasound evaluation we were able to identify ...
Bulletti Carlo - - 2004
The nonpregnant uterus shows uterine activity throughout the menstrual cycle. This uterine activity was detected both by single strep tissue and by using intrauterine pressure recordings in vitro and in vivo. Today, ultrasound has made it possible to study this activity with a noninvasive approach and to assess uterine contractions ...
Matsunaga Jon S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Uterine dehiscence in the past has been treated with delivery of the pregnancy and repair of the uterus or cesarean hysterectomy. Uterine repair and continuation of the pregnancy has not been attempted to our knowledge. CASE: A patient with a history of a laparoscopic myomectomy presented at 28 weeks ...
Wilson R Douglas - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The reproductive outcomes for women after the pregnancy complicated by maternal-fetal surgery were evaluated to obtain evidence-based information for prenatal risk counseling. STUDY DESIGN: The retrospective review identified 83 women with maternal-fetal surgery from a single institution (1996-2002). These women were sent a consent form and a questionnaire to ...
Mitropoulou Theony N - - 2004
The variations in sulfation patterns of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) present in human normal myometrium and uterine leiomyoma were characterized following specific enzymic treatments and analysis by high-performance capillary electrophoresis (HPCE). Differences in the disaccharide composition of galactosaminoglycans (GalAGs) between normal myometrium and uterine leiomyoma were found. The results of this study ...
Zahoor Shaheena - - 2004
A case of heterotopic pregnancy is reported that presented with 7 weeks of amenorrhea, lower abdominal pain and spotting per vaginum. Ultrasound showed an intra-uterine gestational sac as well as right-sided ruptured tubal pregnancy. Emergency laparotomy and right salpingectomy was performed. Subsequent ongoing alive intra-uterine pregnancy was delivered by vaginal ...
Nahum Gerard G - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Transperitoneal transmigration of sperm constitutes the mechanism by which ectopic pregnancies occur in unilaterally obstructed fallopian tubes. This study was undertaken to determine how often sperm transmigrate across the peritoneal cavity to effect human pregnancy. DESIGN: In women with non-communicating rudimentary uterine horn pregnancies, the ratio of total uterine ...
Lichtenberg E Steve - - 2004
Women who have had a cesarean section have a risk of uterine rupture when undergoing a second-trimester pregnancy termination. Beyond the first trimester, uterine rupture has been associated with the use of labor-induction agents and, less often, a placenta accreta. Scar dehiscence, a less disruptive form of scar separation, has ...
Uzoigwe, SA; Department of ...
OBJECTIVE: To revel the effect of trauma during pregnancy CASE REPORT: Mrs. L.P. was a booked 28-year old para1+0, trader who in her last confinement in 2001 had a lower uterine segment caesarean section for prolonged labour. Her post-operative period was said to have been complicated by wound sepsis necessitating ...
Patton Phillip E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to evaluate the diagnostic management and the reproductive outcome after surgical repair of a rare reproductive malformation. STUDY DESIGN: Sixteen women with a complete septate uterus, double cervix, and a longitudinal vaginal septum were referred for evaluation. Presenting complaints were chiefly pregnancy loss in parous ...
Bigliardi E - - 2004
Cystic endometrial hyperplasia-pyometra complex is the most frequent and important endometrial disorder encountered in bitches. The pathogenesis of the disease is related to the activity of progesterone [Feldman and Nelson, Canine and Feline Endocrinology and Reproduction (1996) W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia]. Cystic endometrial hyperplasia (CEH) is an abnormal response of the ...
Clark Kelley D - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedure is a technique designed to establish an airway at the time of delivery in fetuses at risk of airway obstruction and requires maintenance of uterine relaxation to continue placental perfusion and prevent placental separation. We describe the use of intravenous nitroglycerin to ...
Aziz Uzma - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Hemoperitoneum resulting from spontaneous rupture of the uterine vessels in pregnancy is rare and associated with high maternal and fetal mortality. CASE: A woman presented with acute abdominal pain and hypovolemic shock at 20 weeks of gestation. Immediate laparotomy revealed massive hemoperitoneum resulting from spontaneous rupture of the left ...
Augsburger Heinz R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To macroscopically, histomorphologically, and morphometrically compare uterine tissues obtained from nulliparous and multiparous dogs. ANIMALS: 12 dogs constituting 2 homogenous groups (7 nulliparous Beagles and 5 multiparous Beagles, each of which had at least 7 pregnancies). PROCEDURE: Serum concentrations of progesterone and estradiol-17beta were determined. Samples of uterine tissues ...
Sheiner Eyal - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine changes in fetal heart rate (FHR) and uterine patterns preceding complete uterine rupture. STUDY DESIGN: FHR and uterine patterns of 50 women with uterine rupture were compared with 601 tracings of controls without scarred uteri. Tracings were interpreted using the National Institute of Child Health and Human ...
Kir Mustafa - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Thermal balloon ablation is as effective as other electrosurgical modalities used for endometrial ablation. Pregnancy rate after endometrial ablation is 0.24-0.68%. We report a near-term viable pregnancy after thermal balloon uterine ablation. CASE: Thermal balloon uterine endometrial ablation was performed on a 38-year-old woman with menorrhagia. She conceived 11 ...
Richter O N - - 2004
Oxytocin (OT) and the oxytocin receptor (OTR) seem to be less important for uterine contractility-associated disorders of the non-pregnant uterus compared to the pregnant uterus. In the present study, we investigated the mutual dependence of OTR, OT and 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) with regard to the localization of OTR in the non-pregnant ...
Cutner Alfred - - 2004
A non-communicating rudimentary uterine horn is a rare Mûllerian duct abnormality. A pregnancy conceived in a non-communicating horn has a 70% chance of rupturing and the maternal mortality is approximately 0.5%. We describe two cases of the initial medical management of pregnancies conceived in non-communicating accessory uterine horns, which were ...
Taveau Jon W - - 2004
Tubal factor infertility may be reversed using porcine small-intestinal submucosa (SIS). The method uses as a model the New Zealand White rabbit uerine horn. In surgery, SIS grafts were prepared from porcine jejunum; the uterine horn segment was resected and a graft was placed; then the contralateral adnexa was resected. ...
Chou Min M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of a 3-dimensional virtual organ computer-aided analysis imaging system for the monitoring of the quantification of changes of uterine neovascularization before and after successful treatment with uterine artery embolization in cesarean scar pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A case of cesarean ...
Lieng Marit - - 2004
Myomectomy is performed frequently to preserve or increase fertility, although the risk of future uterine rupture is a major concern of any surgery of the uterus. A 36-year-old woman underwent laparoscopic removal of a pendunculated myoma, and 6 weeks later she conceived after IVF. At 35.5 weeks' gestation she was ...
Tamada H - - 2004
It is well known that progesterone and estrogen are essential hormones for maintaining pregnancy in most mammals. Some specific roles of progesterone for the maintenance of pregnancy have been clarified, but the role of estrogen is not well known. This study examines the effects of the aromatase inhibitor, fadrozole hydrochloride ...
Matsuo Koji - - 2004
We report the case of a 31-year-old Japanese female diagnosed by transvaginal ultrasonography to have a spontaneous uterine rupture in the first trimester. Her condition was complicated by diabetes mellitus type 1. Her previous pregnancy had resulted in an emergency cesarean section by transverse incision of the lower uterine segment ...
Catry F - - 2004
Rupture of the gravid uterus is a rare, life-threatening obstetric complication. Major symptoms are hypovolemic shock and abdominal pain during late pregnancy or after vaginal delivery. Immediate surgical therapy is required. We report a case of uterine rupture after vaginal delivery diagnosed by means of ultrasonography and computed tomography.
Piantelli Giovanni - - 2004
Between January 2000 and March 2003 we studied the pregnancies complicated by polyhydramnios in 10 patients. The objective was that of evaluating the efficacy of amnioreduction in improving the principal complications given by polyhydramnios such as maternal dyspnea and uterine activity. Our results showed that this procedure resolve maternal symptoms ...
Spencer T E - - 2004
All mammalian uteri contain endometrial glands that synthesize or transport and secrete substances essential for survival and development of the conceptus (embryo/fetus and associated extraembryonic membranes). The ovine uterine gland knockout ewe model supports a primary role for endometrial glands and, by default, their secretions as essential for conceptus survival ...
Topuz S - - 2004
Spontaneous uterine rupture is a rare, but serious complication of placenta percreta. This case report is about a spontaneous uterine rupture at an unusual site due to placenta percreta in a 21-week twin pregnancy with previous cesarean section. A 30-year-old, G3, P2 woman was referred to our unit in the ...
Lin Paul C - - 2004
PURPOSE: Because of diagnostic improvements in the evaluation of uterine anomalies, more patients desirous of pregnancy come to clinicians with identified uterine anomalies. It is desirable for the family physician, internist, and obstetrician/gynecologist to provide accurate information during preconceptional counseling of these patients. This review attempts to provide a concise ...
Duma Stefan M - - 2004
In order to develop effective restraint systems for the pregnant occupant, injury criteria for determining fetal injury risk must be developed. This study presents computer simulations of a 30 week pregnant occupant that illustrate the importance of local uterine compression on the risk of fetal injury. Frontal impact simulations with ...
Diab M O MO Univ. de Technol. de Compiègne, UMR CNRS 6600, - - 2004
The purpose of this study is to classify the uterine contractions in the electromyography (EMG) signal. As the frequency content of the contraction changes from one woman to another and during the pregnancy, wavelet decomposition is used to extract the parameters of each contraction, and an unsupervised statistical classification method ...
Nagy Peter S - - 2003
A woman at 28 weeks' gestation in a twin pregnancy developed spontaneous rupture of the uterus caused by placenta percreta. Due to severe intraabdominal haemorrhage a laparotomy was performed and the bodies and parts of the dead foetuses were removed with sutured closer of the ruptured uterus. The predisposing factors, ...
Maul Holger - - 2003
Studies in animals and humans indicate that uterine performance can be successfully monitored during pregnancy using uterine electromyography. Uterine electromyography could be used to better define management in a variety of conditions associated with human labor. The potential benefits of the proposed instrumentation and method include: reducing the rate of ...
Yamada Kenji - - 2003
Effect of 2,5-dimethylpyrazine (2,5-DMP) on oxytocic agent-induced late pregnant uterine contraction in female rats was studied. Oxytocic agents induced-hypercontraction in the late phase of pregnant uterine movements were inhibited by administration of 2,5-DMP. The inhibition of uterine contraction was obtained more strengthening by presence of a low dose of ritodrine ...
Proctor Jon A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Determine the relative frequency of having a uterine septum or bicornuate uterus in women presenting with first trimester recurrent pregnancy loss and a divided uterine cavity by hysterosalpingography (HSG) or hysteroscopy. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of the frequency of a uterine septum or a bicornuate uterus in all patients undergoing ...
Hamar Benjamin D - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Uterine dehiscence and rupture are serious complications of pregnancy after a cesarean delivery. Management of uterine dehiscence diagnosed in second trimester can be controversial. CASE: A woman with a previous cesarean delivery was diagnosed with a uterine dehiscence at 20 weeks in the area of her prior cesarean incision. ...
Hussain Munawar - - 2003
A case of ruptured cornual pregnancy is presented here. The patient presented with history of 30 weeks gestational amenorrhoea and pain in the lower abdomen and epigastrium for the last seven days. Ultrasound revealed a 29 weeks abdominal pregnancy with blood in the pelvic cavity. On laparotomy, there was a ...
Wong Kenneth H H - - 2004
Increasing evidence indicates that the Hoxa11 gene plays a critical role in the proper development of the uterus. In this report, we describe potential altered cellular processes in the developing uterus of Hoxa11 mutants. Histologic analysis demonstrates normal uterine morphology in Hoxa11 mutants as compared with controls at the newborn ...
Van den Bosch T - - 2003
We present a case of a 27-year-old asymptomatic woman, gravida 2 para 0 abortus 2, diagnosed with uterine intramural fetal bone 30 days after a mid-trimester termination of pregnancy (TOP) by dilatation and evacuation (D&E). On ultrasound part of a fetal spine was seen within the right lateral isthmocervical area, ...
Racho El-Akouri Randa - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Uterine transplantation could serve as a tool in studies of the physiology of implantation/pregnancy, and is also a possible future treatment for patients with absolute uterine infertility. Here, the first live-born offspring in any uterine transplantation model is reported. METHODS: A syngeneic mouse model with a uterus transplanted, by ...
Damiani Alfredo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility, safety and reliability of gasless laparoscopic myomectomy (GLM) using a new subcutaneous lifting system (Laparotenser, Lucini L&T, Milan, Italy) for removing subserosal and intramural leiomyomas. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 279 women with at least 1 symptomatic subserosal or intramural myoma measuring > 30 mm ...
Durnwald Celeste - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to evaluate the risks and benefits of single-layer uterine closure at cesarean delivery on the index and subsequent pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of women delivered of their first live-born infants by primary low transverse cesarean delivery (1989-2001) and their subsequent pregnancy at our ...
Gopal Manish - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Uterine arteriovenous malformation is a lesion that can cause recurrent pregnancy loss. Very few successful pregnancies have been reported after selective embolization of an arteriovenous malformation. CASE: A 42-year-old gravida 6 para 0 with a history of four first-trimester spontaneous abortions was found to have a uterine arteriovenous malformation ...
Tourné Gaudérique - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the current place of embolization of the uterine arteries in the treatment of severe post-partum haemorrhages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 13,160 deliveries in a level III maternity unit between January 1996 and December 2001. Five hundred and forty-nine post-partum haemorrhages were diagnosed. Seventeen (0.13%) ...
Lowery C L - - 2003
The lack of an effective method for the diagnosis and management of labor points to the need for a new device. SARA-SQUID Array for Reproductive Assessment, is capable of recording spatial-temporal biomagnetic activity. The SARA system is first of its kind in the world dedicated to maternal-fetal research. We non-invasively ...
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