Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 982
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Baecher Laura - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Uterine rupture in a laboring patient is a well-known pregnancy complication. There is a paucity of information regarding uterine rupture at a preterm gestational age in a nonlaboring patient. CASE: Three women experienced spontaneous uterine rupture at a preterm gestational age prior to the onset of labor. All women ...
Wada Shin-ichiro - - 2006
Adenomyomectomy is a treatment option to preserve fertility and reduce symptoms associated with adenomyosis. Although this procedure is reasonably expected to increase the risk of uterine rupture during pregnancy, reports on this issue are scarce. We recently encountered a 33-year-old nulliparous woman with a twin pregnancy who experienced a spontaneous ...
Voss Andreas - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Abnormal uterine perfusion is associated with the development of hypertensive pregnancy disorders. However, its impact on maternal autonomic cardiovascular control is poorly understood. The aim of our study was to investigate the adaptation of autonomic control during pregnancy with abnormal uterine perfusion with normal and pathologic outcome in comparison ...
Griffiths A L - - 2006
Previous studies in this laboratory have suggested that the isolated uterus from non-pregnant mice has a prostaglandin F and a thromboxane receptor population similar to that found in human myometrium. The aim of this study was to investigate any regional variation in myogenic activity ) and the and responsiveness to ...
Mazzone Michael E - - 2006
Uterine rupture is a true obstetrical emergency. We present a case of a multigravid woman who had a spontaneous uterine rupture after induction with misoprostol and oxytocin, followed by a general discussion of uterine ruptures with a special emphasis on an unscarred uterus. Risk factors for uterine rupture in an ...
Kolankaya Aytug - - 2006
The effect of myomas on reproductive outcome has been the subject of many studies; however, a definitive answer is still missing. Therefore, the authors have tried to outline some guidelines for the management of women who have uterine myomas and desire to conceive. The location and size of the myomas ...
Ouyang David W - - 2006
The effect of uterine fibroids on fecundity and pregnancy outcome is difficult to determine with any degree of accuracy; this is due, in large part, to the lack of adequate large clinical trials. In general, the literature tends to underestimate the prevalence of fibroids in pregnancy and overestimate the complications ...
Devi Wold Anne S - - 2006
Anatomic uterine defects are present in 15% of women evaluated for three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions. These anatomic abnormalities can be classified as congenital or acquired. In addition to pregnancy loss, uterine malformations appear to predispose women to other reproductive difficulties including infertility, preterm labor, and abnormal presentation. These ...
Casini Maria Luisa - - 2006
This prospective, controlled study was performed in order to evaluate whether the location of uterine fibroids may influence reproductive function in women and whether removal of the fibroid prior to conception may improve pregnancy rate and pregnancy maintenance. We examined 181 women affected by uterine fibroids who had been trying ...
Chávez-Genaro R - - 2006
In mammals, pregnancy induces a transient and extensive degeneration of uterine sympathetic innervation. We used the models of unilateral oviduct ligation and in oculo myometrium transplant in pregnant rats to address the role of stretching forces and/or hormone milieu in the loss of sympathetic innervation. The sympathetic fibres of the ...
Behtash N - - 2006
Choriocarcinoma is an aggressive neoplasm arising in the body of the uterus. Rapid growth and myometrial invasion may be followed by uterine perforation. In this study, we present the cases of two young patients (18 and 19 years of age) with acute abdominal pain and shock, while they were under ...
Muller Vranjes A - - 2006
Heterotopic pregnancy is a simultaneous occurrence of intra-uterine pregnancy and ectopic pregnancy. The incidence of ectopic pregnancy has increased as a consequence of assisted reproduction and ovulation stimulation agents. In this report, we describe the case of a 34-year-old nulliparous woman who became pregnant after ovulation induction with clomiphene. According ...
Tsai C-C - - 2006
Uterine arteriovenous malformations (AVM) are very uncommon disorders. Successful conservative treatment with subsequently conceived is rarely reported. We describe a 31-year-old woman with a complex and large postmolar AVM; she was successfully treated with transarterial selective embolization for a long history of repeated excessive vaginal bleeding and anemia. She resumed ...
Fallenstein Falk - - 2006
We monitored 30 patients before and after betamethasone prophylaxis using four-channel tocography to evaluate if betamethasone therapy in the case of imminent preterm delivery increases uterine activity. Frequency of contractions slightly increased but global uterine activity decreased. We conclude that the changed contraction pattern did not impair the benefits of ...
Pace S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate hysteroscopic metroplasty and its effect on reproductive outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy-five patients consulted for uterine septum between January 1996 to December 2000 at "La Sapienza" University in Rome were included in the study. RESULTS: Forty patients attempted pregnancy and a total of 30 spontaneous pregnancies resulted (75% ...
Soliman Khaled B - - 2006
Rupture of a renal artery aneurysm (RAA) during pregnancy is a rare event, with a high mortality rate for both mother and fetus. Increased blood flow and intra-abdominal pressure, and vascular changes secondary to increased steroid production are postulated as contributory to the increased risk of rupture during pregnancy. We ...
Spies James B - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the literature on uterine embolization for fibroids published in 2004 and 2005. RECENT FINDINGS: During the last two years, our understanding of the outcome of uterine fibroid embolization has increased. The outcomes are comparable to those that occur after hysterectomy. Health-related quality-of-life studies have confirmed ...
Napier Julia E - - 2005
Uterine leiomyomas occurred in three eastern bongo (Tragelaphus eurycerus isaaci) 10, 15, and 16 yr of age at three separate zoological institutions. Two animals were nulliparous, and one had given birth to 14 calves over its lifetime. Two of the leiomyomas originated in the cervix. The third originated in the ...
Park Young-Joon - - 2005
Uterine rupture is one of the most feared obstetric complications affecting the pregnant woman and fetus. Most of the cases have various risk factors and mainly occur during the second or third trimester. However, spontaneous uterine rupture during the first trimester is extremely rare. We experienced a case of spontaneous ...
Grgic Ozren - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed in order to assess the potential influence of placental implantation site on transabdominal electromyographic (EMG) assessment of the uterine electrical activity in the middle trimester of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective study 251 unselected, nulliparous asymptomatic women with a singleton pregnancy underwent transabdominal uterine ...
Samuels Terri-Ann - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Uterine anomalies are often first suspected after bimanual or ultrasonographic examination. Currently there are no specific recommendations for further evaluation of asymptomatic women with suspected uterine anomalies in pregnancy. CASE: A young primigravida with a history of an ultrasound diagnosis of bicornuate uterus presented with mild abdominal pain. An ...
Sun Chung-hsien - - 2005
Intrapartum rupture of an unscarred uterus is rare in current times. However, it is still associated with significant maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. Unlike rupture or dehiscence of a previous cesarean scar, which is occasionally bloodless, complete rupture of a gravid unscarred uterus frequently results in fetal jeopardy and ...
Demaria Fabien - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous pregnancy in each horn of a uterus didelphys is a rare and complex clinical situation. CASE: Torsion of one horn of a gravid didelphic uterus during a twin pregnancy was diagnosed during cesarean delivery after erroneous diagnosis of abruptio placentae. CONCLUSION: Localization of the placenta in a pregnancy ...
Grivell Rosalie M RM Department of Perinatal Medicine, Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia 5006, - - 2005
Uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition. AVMs often present with intractable bleeding and commonly are seen in association with pregnancy and uterine trauma. Ultrasound is the most common form of initial investigation, and computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are being used with greater frequency. ...
Ng Chun - - 2006
Uterine artery embolization has been shown to be an effective treatment in controlling symptomatic uterine fibroids. Reports suggest that significant complications associated with the procedure are rare. However, data pertaining to preservation of fertility after embolization are scarce, and some authors do not advocate this procedure for women considering future ...
Wassel Katrin - - 2005
Mechanical forces due to increased blood flow during the first pregnancy might induce a permanently higher conductance of the uterine arcade. Number of endothelial and smooth muscle cells, cross-sectional area and wall thickness of the uterine artery were measured in nulliparous mice (n = 11) and until the 93rd day ...
Wong C - - 2005
Uterine leiomyomas (fibroids) affect 2.6% of pregnancies. They are usually silent, but on occasions can complicate pregnancies. A case of a 30-year-old pregnant woman with a uterine fibroid incarcerated in an umbilical hernia is presented. This is the second reported case of a fibroid in pregnancy with such a presentation.
Rosenfeld Charles R - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The mechanisms regulating basal uteroplacental blood flow (UBF) and the greater than 30-fold increase observed in normal pregnancy remain unclear. Although vascular growth contributes in early gestation, vasodilation accounts for the exponential rise seen in the last third of pregnancy. Large conductance potassium channels (BK(Ca)) are expressed in uterine ...
Nayki Umit - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Data are limited regarding the use of misoprostol in the midtrimester, therefore few cases with uterine rupture during the second trimester with a previous uterine scar have been reported in the literature. CASE REPORT: A 23-year-old woman with a prior low transverse cesarean section presented at 26 weeks' gestation ...
Brewer Heather - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Reports of cornual pregnancy persisting until fetal viability and of ultrasound diagnosis of asymptomatic uterine rupture are rare. CASE: A 24-year-old woman, gravida 6, para 5, presented for initial ultrasound evaluation at 28 5/7 weeks' gestation after registering late for prenatal care. Her history included 2 prior cesarean deliveries. ...
Oh Ki-Seok - - 2005
Segmental aplasia of the uterine body was diagnosed in a 5-year-old, mixed breed bitch. Abdominal radiography and transabdominal ultrasonography revealed marked dilation of fluid-filled uterine horns with no evidence of a uterine body. Sex hormone assays did not detect the presence of estradiol-17 beta; however, progesterone (2 ng/ml) was found ...
Sieunarine K - - 2005
While developing the technique of abdominal radical trachelectomy for conservative cervical cancer management, the vascular supply of the uterus was thoroughly examined. The question of how many vessels the uterus requires to ensure its viability arose. Following an abdominal radical trachelectomy for stage IB cervical carcinoma, blood supply of the ...
Deb Kaushik - - 2005
Genito-urinary tract or systemic infections of the gram-negative bacteria in pregnant women, causes abortions, preterm labor, and several other perinatal complications. LPS is the most potent antigenic component of the gram-negative bacterial cell wall and is known to modulate the expression of various proinflammatory cytokines. Here we investigate the role ...
Lim Arianne C - - 2005
Management and outcome of 5 cases of pregnancy after uterine rupture are discussed. All women in these cases were delivered by cesarean delivery and no repeat ruptures occurred. After reviewing the literature, it is concluded that women with a previous uterine rupture have a favorable outcome in a subsequent pregnancy. ...
Api Murat - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of successful pregnancy after hypogastric artery ligation and the B-Lynch brace suturing technique. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Education and research hospital. PATIENT(S): A 22-year-old woman, whose first pregnancy was terminated by cesarean section owing to abruptio placenta and intrauterine fetal demise diagnosed at the 26th ...
Ozel Begüm - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Acute urinary retention as a result of incarceration of a retroflexed, gravid uterus is a known phenomenon. However, prolapse as a risk factor has not been previously described. CASE: A 40-year-old woman, gravida 4, para 2, with an intrauterine gestation of 19 weeks presented to the emergency room complaining ...
Sulak Osman - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the position, localization and development of the uterine tubes and their relationships to the ovaries. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-four uterine tubes and ovaries taken from 77 human fetuses aged between 9-40 weeks of gestation have been included in this study. The study was performed ...
Kim Joo Oh - - 2005
We are reporting the case of a woman with 8 weeks of amenorrhea who orally received a single dose of misoprostol 400 microg at midnight for ripening of cervix before uterine evacuation of an intrauterine gestational sac containing a single fetus (6.3 weeks of gestation) without cardiac activity. The patient ...
- - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To help direct the organized and effective implementation of uterine fibroid embolization into clinical practice in Canada. OPTIONS: This document is restricted to the management of uterine fibroid embolization as performed by the radiologists utilizing a transfemoral artery approach with arteriography followed by vessel embolization. OUTCOMES: Uterine fibroid embolization ...
Sentilhes Loïc - - 2005
The main purpose of this study was to identify predictors of uterine rupture following operative hysteroscopy. We also attempted to assess possible clinical or imaging methods in order to detect and avoid impending ruptures. A MEDLINE and EMBASE search of the English, German and French literatures was performed to retrieve ...
Bulletti Carlo - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this article is to assess the importance of uterine contractility in the implantation of human embryos. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent findings show that the receptive phase of the endometrium seems to occur in close association with the appearance of pinopodes and endometrial integrins that may ...
Cook Kathleen E - - 2005
Torsion of the uterus is a rare obstetric complication. This report describes a 270-degree uterine torsion associated with placental abruption, maternal shock, and fetal demise. At laparotomy, the uterus and ovaries were necrotic. This patient presented in a manner typically managed by labor induction, thus delaying her diagnosis of uterine ...
Guo Yong - - 2005
Implantation requires reciprocal interaction between blastocysts and a receptive uterus. In mice, one important player in this dialogue involves endocannabinoid signaling via cannabinoid receptor CB1. Anandamide is an endogenous cannabinoid ligand, and its levels are spatiotemporally regulated in the uterus during early pregnancy, showing lower levels in the receptive uterus ...
Mukul Liberato V - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The use of endometrial ablation is becoming more common in the treatment of abnormal uterine bleeding. As a result, an increasing number of reproductive-aged women are electing to have an endometrial ablation. Women who undergo this procedure should be informed that desired fertility is a contraindication because endometrial ablation ...
Su Her-Young - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Few reports have described adenomyosis in association with congenital uterine abnormalities. The authors present a case involving unilateral adenomyosis in a bicornuate uterus. CASE: A 41-year-old married gravida 1, para 1, first became aware that she had a double uterus 14 years earlier at her first prenatal examination when ...
Mignot Thérèse-Marie - - 2005
In this paper, we applied a new theoretical model of uterine contraction to a large panel of human pregnant and nonpregnant myometrial strips, treated or not by corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH). This model is based on a fine analysis of the contraction curves. This analysis yielded four mathematical parameters (beta, theta, ...
Hemlatha A L - - 2005
Two rare cases of second term ectopic pregnancy in non-communicating rudimentary horn of unicornuate uterus, one intact and another ruptured, are discussed here considering the rarity of its occurrence. An attempt has been made to address the associated multitude of complications with stress on the importance of early diagnosis of ...
Julian JoAnne - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Loss of the transmembrane mucin, Muc-1, is a molecular correlate of the acquisition of uterine receptivity to embryo adhesion in most species examined. In macaques, two distinct adhesion events occur at opposite sides of the uterus. Attachment to the secondary site is delayed relative to the primary site. The ...
Tsafrir Avi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Two cases of rudimentary horn pregnancy diagnosed in the first trimester by sonography and confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are reported. We suggest criteria for early, prerupture sonographic diagnosis of this rare condition. METHODS: We report a case in which pregnancy in a rudimentary horn was suspected on ...
Chatdarong Kaywalee - - 2005
The aims of this study were to characterize the hysterographic and histological features of the uteri and to perform immunohistochemistry with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in the cat endometrium at various stages of the reproductive cycle and after treatment with exogenous progestagen. Seventy-four female domestic cats submitted for routine ...
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