Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 979
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Daskalakis George - - 2007
Uterine prolapse is extremely rare during pregnancy. However in some cases significant complications may develop. We report a case of uterine prolapse which developed during pregnancy. Our case was managed conservatively and there were no fetal or maternal complications. Postnatally the uterine prolapse recovered spontaneously. Early recognition and close follow-up ...
Parker William H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To review the currently available literature regarding the biology, etiology, symptoms, and diagnosis of uterine myomas. DESIGN: Literature review of 220 articles pertaining to uterine myomas. RESULT(S): Although uterine myomas presently are not well understood, many advances have been made in the understanding of the hormonal factors, genetic factors, ...
Fazio Sara B - - 2007
Disorders of the menstrual cycle are common problems in ambulatory medicine. Abnormal uterine bleeding describes bleeding that is excessive or outside the normal menstrual cycle. In the premenopausal woman, the differential diagnosis is broad, and pregnancy must always be considered. Determining whether the bleeding is ovulatory or anovulatory is a ...
Rovio Päivi H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of a formula combining the prolate ellipsoid (uterine corpus) and cylinder (uterine cervix) formulas in estimating the preoperative weight of the total uterus using a transvaginal ultrasound probe to obtain the uterine dimensions for the formulas. STUDY DESIGN: Three dimensions of the uterine corpus (length, ...
Nitke Shmuel - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe a rare case of a heterotopic pregnancy with two gestational sacs in the cervix and one in the uterine cavity. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Tertiary university hospital. PATIENT(S): A 45-year-old woman was diagnosed with a triplet gestation 7 weeks following IVF treatment for primary infertility of 5 ...
Ozgur Kemal - - 2007
This retrospective study examined the effect of hysteroscopic correction of an incomplete uterine septum on IVF outcome. Measurement of the Fm (fundal myometrial thickness) and Cm (cornual myometrial thickness) was performed by sonohysterography. Group 1 included patients diagnosed with incomplete septum (n = 119), fulfilling the two criteria of Fm ...
Wu Cheng-Yu - - 2007
A 31-year-old multipara woman pregnant at gestational age 32+ weeks with twins encountered hemoperitoneum resulting from superficial uterine vessel rupture during tocolytic course. The initial presentations were unspecific and sonographic examination was negative. Later the aggravated symptoms led to an impression of abruption placentae and emergent cesarean section was performed. ...
Disu Stewart - - 2007
This is the first reported case of the use of Monsel's solution to arrest excessive uterine bleeding after the evacuation of retained products of conception after a miscarriage. Monsel's solution impregnated into a uterine pack was used to secure hemostasis. Fertility was preserved because 7 months later the woman became ...
Singh Maneesh N - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Incarceration of the retroverted gravid uterus is an extremely rare diagnosis in the third trimester that carries significant maternal operative and postoperative morbidity. CASE: The condition was diagnosed clinically in the third trimester of a primigravida. Despite the preoperative diagnosis, operative delivery proved difficult, requiring delivery of the fetus ...
Raikhlin Antony - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To review evidence supporting the use of uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) as an alternative to hysterectomy and myomectomy for managing uterine fibroids. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: MEDLINE was searched using the MeSH terms embolization, therapeutic; leiomyoma; treatment outcome; pregnancy; and clinical trials. Most published studies on use of UFE for ...
Tufail Amber - - 2007
Rudimentary horn is one of the rarest congenital uterine anomalies and consists of a relatively normal appearing uterus on one side with a rudimentary horn on the other side. It is difficult to diagnose before surgery and hazardous to maternal life as rupture of pregnant horn result in severe hemoperitoneum. ...
Chopra Seema, Suri Vanita, ...
A unicornuate uterus with a rudimentary horn is a rare mullerian abnormality which may cause many gynecological and obstetrical complications. Rupture of pregnant rudimentary horn in the second trimester is the usual presentation, resulting in maternal morbidity and even mortality.
Goel Poonam - - 2007
Pregnancy in a noncommunicating rudimentary horn is an extremely rare and a life-threatening condition as it mostly terminates by rupture by the second trimester of pregnancy. Postdated pregnancy and delivery of a live fetus in a rudimentary horn have been rarely reported. A case of noncommunicating unruptured rudimentary horn pregnancy ...
El-Malah Yasser - - 2007
The objective of this study was to measure rupture time of gelatin and hypromellose (hydroxypropyl methylcellulose or HPMC) capsules using a novel approach based on real-time dissolution spectroscopy. Rupture time was measured in standard dissolution apparatus at a constant temperature using a dip-type fiber-optic probe. Labrasol released from the capsules ...
Park John K - - 2007
Pregnancy within a noncommunicating rudimentary horn is a known complication of unicornuate uterus. The risk of rupture approximates 50%, most of which occur in the second trimester. A rudimentary horn pregnancy was discovered at 8 weeks gestation. Medical termination was then performed with fetal intracardiac potassium chloride and intraplacental methotrexate. ...
Usta Ihab M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To review the outcome of subsequent pregnancies in conservatively managed cases of uterine rupture. METHODS: Charts of patients with full thickness uterine rupture in the past 25 years were reviewed and information on subsequent pregnancies was extracted from maternal and neonatal charts. RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients with uterine rupture were ...
Saridogan Ertan - - 2006
Uterine fibroids are very common, but their relationship to fertility is still controversial. Data in relation to fibroids and fertility mainly come from retrospective case series and prospective uncontrolled trials. Although some authors advocate prospective controlled studies, it is unlikely that an easy answer will be found due to considerable ...
Nwankwo, NC; University of ...
Hysterosalpingography (HSG) was performed in four patients through fistulae which were created during termination of pregnancies. The previous HSG done prior to this study did not demonstrate the uterine cavity and the fallopian tubes in all the patients They showed only a contrast filled vaginal vault. Fistulae were found in ...
Cash Rebecca L - - 2006
Pregnancy within a noncommunicating rudimentary horn has a 70% chance of rupturing, with a maternal mortality of 0.5%. It is most commonly managed with operative removal of the horn. We report a pregnancy within a noncommunicating horn and highlight the advantage of early diagnosis via sonography. First trimester prenatal screening ...
Sulak O - - 2007
The objective of this study was to gather data on the morphology of the uterus during its development, to provide detailed information regarding the neighboring structures and its variations using anatomical dissections. Eighty uteri acquired from female fetuses aged 10-40 weeks of gestation were used in this study. Firstly, the ...
Allen Wei-Lin - - 2007
The authors report a rare occurrence of a chronic abdominal pregnancy secondary to a ruptured bicornuate uterus. It is unusual in that rupture of the uterine horn probably occurred 2 weeks prior to diagnosis. Management was laparotomy to remove the fetus with resection and repair of the uterus. Uterine anomalies, ...
Guzmán Mario A - - 2006
In human reproduction, hyperhomocysteinemia has been reported as a risk factor for early pregnancy loss and congenital birth defects. Hyperhomocysteinemia is also recognized as a cause of maternal obstetric complications such as preeclampsia. The role of plasma hyperhomocysteinemia in female fertility was examined using cystathionine beta synthase knockout (cbs KO) ...
Hammoud Ahmad O - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To estimate changes in uterine myoma volume during pregnancy. DESIGN: Review of departmental electronic perinatal database and medical records. Canadian Task Force Classification II-3. SETTING: Obstetrical ultrasound unit in an academic tertiary care center. PATIENTS: One hundred-seven patients diagnosed with uterine myomas during pregnancy and who had two ...
Walsh Colin A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Uterine rupture is a catastrophic obstetric complication. The main risk factor is a scarred uterus, usually secondary to a previous cesarean delivery. Uterine rupture in a primigravid woman is a very rare event. CASE: A 33-year-old primigravida presented at term with severe abdominal pain, signs of hemodynamic instability, and ...
Neiger Ran - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe the effects of pregnancy on the growth of leiomyomas using sonographic measurements of leiomyomas taken longitudinally during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: The study population included asymptomatic gravidas with singleton pregnancies in whom we identified uterine leiomyomas. We included all women whose leiomyomas were measured at least twice during ...
Catanzarite Val - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Intrapartum rupture of the unscarred uterus is an uncommon event, usually associated with such risk factors as grand multiparity, malpresentation, history of gestational trophoblastic disease, or instrumented delivery. Rupture during first pregnancy is extremely rare. CASE: A 30-year-old primigravid woman was admitted for labor augmentation with oxytocin at 40.5 ...
Culbert Emily C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hypercalcemia in pregnancy can have devastating effects on both mother and fetus. Pamidronate, a bisphosphonate and inhibitor of bone resorption, has been used to treat hypercalcemia, but it is considered contraindicated in pregnancy. CASE: A 40-year-old multigravida presented at 24 weeks of gestation with metastatic breast cancer. After unsuccessful ...
Chang Chuan-Yaw - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Uterine rupture is one of the most serious obstetric complications, with an increased risk of maternal and perinatal morbidity, and even mortality. CASE REPORT: A multiparous woman came to our labor room at 41 weeks of gestation for induction of labor due to being post-term and having a nonreactive ...
Kim Jiyoung - - 2006
In the present study, whether the ADAM-8, -9, -10, -12, -15, -17, and ADAMTS-1 proteins might play a role in mouse uterus during periimplantation period was investigated. Immunoblotting analyses demonstrated that all ADAM proteins consistently appeared throughout days 1 to 8 of pregnancy but with a variation depending on the ...
Boldorini Renzo - - 2006
Splenic rupture with intraperitoneal hemorrhage is a fatal condition that is rarely encountered during the third trimester of pregnancy; its pathogenetic mechanisms and causes are largely unknown. We report a case of splenic rupture in a pregnant woman that caused the death of the mother and child. The patient was ...
Goldberg Jay - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The management of uterine fibroids in patients requiring treatment who desire future fertility remains controversial. Myomectomy has been the most common operative procedure to improve pregnancy rates and outcomes. Uterine fibroid embolization is an increasingly popular, minimally invasive treatment for fibroids. This review aims to provide critical ...
Dahlgren Leanne S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a rare autosomal dominant condition. It is rarely seen in pregnancy and even more rarely has uterine manifestations. CASE: A 29-year-old primigravid woman with HHT was noted to have vascular manifestations of her disease in the lower uterus, distal rectum, pelvis, and bladder before ...
Paul P G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To evaluate pregnancy outcomes following laparoscopic myomectomy and single-layer myometrial closure. METHODS: This study conducted at a private advanced endoscopy and assisted reproductive technology centre retrospectively evaluated outcomes of 115 women who had pregnancies subsequent to laparoscopic myomectomy. RESULTS: Of the 217 women followed up, 115 had pregnancies subsequent ...
Guimarães Filho Hélio Antonio - - 2006
AIM: To evaluate the accuracy and acceptability of hysterosonography (HS) in the diagnosis of uterine anomalies in patients with recurrent pregnancy loss. METHOD: Sixty non-pregnant patients with a history of at least three previous recurrent miscarriages were submitted to the HS, HSG and hysteroscopy (HTC) exams. The findings fall into ...
Sönmezer Murat - - 2006
Pregnancy in the rudimentary uterine horn is an extremely rare clinical condition. Treatment includes surgical removal of the rudimentary horn. A rudimentary horn pregnancy was reported that occurred after intrauterine insemination. Similar cases treated with laparoscopic surgery reported in the peer-reviewed journals were reviewed as well. Pregnancy in the right ...
Sieunarine Krishen - - 2006
While developing the technique of abdominal radical trachelectomy for conservative cervical cancer management, the vascular supply of the uterus was thoroughly examined. This was a prelude to study the possibility of uterine transplantation where initial concerns were about how uterine artery anastomosis might be achieved and the subsequent function of ...
Seracchioli Renato - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risks and outcome of pregnancies and deliveries after laparoscopic myomectomy (LM). DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Center of Reconstructive Pelvic Endosurgery, Reproductive Medicine Unit, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. PATIENT(S): A total of 514 patients of fertile age that underwent LM at the Center ...
Miura Seiyou - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The association between uterine myoma and infertility is still controversial. The anatomical defect of endometrium by uterine fibroids could be a factor for reducing pregnancy rates and increasing miscarriage rates. However, pregnancy and implantation rates were found to be significantly lower in women with intramural myomas (IMMs), when there ...
Wilson Don - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Rotation of the gravid uterus is a normal finding in the third trimester of pregnancy. However, a pathologic rotation of the uterus beyond 45 degrees-torsion of the entire uterus-is rarely seen in obstetrical practice. We report here a case of uterine torsion from our obstetrical practice and a review ...
Chen Yu-Li - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Inversion of the uterus is indeed a rarity for a gynecologist. The puerperal variety is associated with pregnancy, including term pregnancy and abortion. The nonpuerperal condition may be tumor-induced or idiopathic. We present a nonpuerperal uterine inversion and discuss a reasonable plan for its management. CASE REPORT: A 42-year-old, ...
Achanna Siva - - 2006
Acute puerperal uterine inversion is a life-threatening and unpredictable obstetric emergency. If overlooked, it could lead to a maternal death. Although the precise cause is unknown, it is postulated to be caused by the mismanagement of the third stage of labor with premature traction of the umbilical cord and fundal ...
Wen Lily - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) therapy has been useful as an adjunct before myomectomy or hysterectomy for uterine myoma. CASE REPORT: A 26-year-old woman without sexual exposure was diagnosed with a submucosal myoma and treated with long-acting GnRH agonist. This patient exhibited heavy menstruation and severe anemia for 2 ...
Pal Kalpana - - 2006
Pregnancy in rudimentary uterine horn is rare and associated with maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. This patient presented with unexplained abdominal pain antenataly. Laparotomy for suspected abruption at 37 weeks revealed ruptured rudimentary horn with placenta accreta. A subtotal hemihysterectomy was performed. The result was fetal salvage in good ...
Zinger Michael - - 2006
Vaginal sildenafil citrate (Viagra, Pfizer, Inc., New York, NY) has been shown to be useful in increasing endometrial thickness and achieving pregnancy in women with varied uterine disorders. However, it failed to demonstrate favorable results in the setting of Asherman's syndrome, a condition characterized by the presence of uterine synechiae. ...
Park Won I - - 2006
A 35-year-old woman with a history of myomectomy underwent in vitro fertilization and became pregnant. Transvaginal ultrasound revealed a gestational sac within the subserosal area of the posterior uterine wall. The patient was treated successfully with conservative surgery, and the pathologic evaluation of the excised mass demonstrated chorionic villi involving ...
El-Wishy A B - - 2007
To maintain a calving interval of 13-14 months in buffaloes, successful breeding must take place within 85-115 days after calving. Disturbances during this period due to delay of uterine involution or resumption of estrous activity are likely to prolong the calving interval and reduce the lifetime reproductive and productive efficiency. ...
Zheng Wei-Qiang WQ Department of Pathology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China. - - 2006
To describe the histologic distribution of elastin in the nonpregnant human uterus, uterine leiomyomas, adenomyosis and adenomyomas. Uteri were obtained from women undergoing hysterectomy for benign conditions, including 26 cases of uterine leiomyomas, 24 cases of adenomyosis, 18 adenomyomas and 6 cases of autopsy specimens. Specific histochemical staining techniques were ...
Hildebrandt T B - - 2006
This paper presents the successful use of a non-surgical, transcervical uterine lavage technique for the treatment of uterine infection-induced infertility in three female large cats. We developed a non-surgical uterine lavage technique, which allowed repeated flushing of the uterine lumen and installation of therapeutic antibiotics. The entire procedure was performed ...
Baecher Laura - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Uterine rupture in a laboring patient is a well-known pregnancy complication. There is a paucity of information regarding uterine rupture at a preterm gestational age in a nonlaboring patient. CASE: Three women experienced spontaneous uterine rupture at a preterm gestational age prior to the onset of labor. All women ...
Wada Shin-ichiro - - 2006
Adenomyomectomy is a treatment option to preserve fertility and reduce symptoms associated with adenomyosis. Although this procedure is reasonably expected to increase the risk of uterine rupture during pregnancy, reports on this issue are scarce. We recently encountered a 33-year-old nulliparous woman with a twin pregnancy who experienced a spontaneous ...
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