Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 983
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Bratby M J - - 2008
Uterine artery embolization (UAE) is a relatively new alternative treatment for symptomatic fibroids. Recent Level 1 evidence from two major randomized controlled trials has established UAE as a safe and effective alternative to hysterectomy. Technical aspects, choice of embolic agent, safety, contra-indications and complications of the procedure will be reviewed. ...
Pinto Pabón Isabel - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pregnancies in women who had previously undergone uterine fibroid embolization. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: A city hospital in Spain. PATIENT(S): A cohort of 100 uterine fibroid embolization patients, 57 of whom wished to preserve their fertility. INTERVENTION(S): Uterine arteries were embolized by using 500-1,200 microm tris-acryl gelatin ...
Deffieux Xavier - - 2008
A 34-year-old woman presented with an intermittent abdominal pain 5 years after voluntary vacuum aspiration for interruption of a first-trimester pregnancy. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated complete septate uterus and a cystic mass that infiltrated the posterior myometrial wall of the right side of the uterus. Laparoscopy and hysteroscopy revealed an ...
Ogbole G I - - 2008
Spontaneous uterine rupture is a life threatening obstetrical emergency encountered infrequently in the emergency department. Its diagnosis is often missed or delayed, leading to maternal and fetal mortality. We present a case of ruptured uterus diagnosed by ultrasound in a 33-year-old gravid female with two previous cesarean sections. To show ...
Karaca T - - 2008
The physiological distribution of mast cells (MCs) in the reproductive tract and ovary of 12 Angora goats was determined using light microscopic histochemical techniques. Uterus (corpus uteri and cornu uteri), uterine cervix, uterine tubes (isthmus and ampulla) and ovary samples were obtained by laparatomy from groups of animals during metoestrus, ...
Woolcock Jane G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: There has been increasing recent recognition of the worldwide confusion in the terminology and definitions for abnormalities of menstrual and uterine bleeding. The present review was undertaken to objectively explore some of the origins and current uses of terms for symptoms, signs, and causes of abnormal uterine bleeding and ...
Gassmann Max - - 2008
We postulate that repeated pregnancy loss, intrauterine growth restriction, and preeclampsia are caused by impaired elevation of uterine blood flow due to disturbed arteriogenesis of the uterine arcade. This hypothesis is based on the observation that pregnant human erythropoietin-overexpressing (plasma levels elevated 12-fold) mice (termed tg6 mice) suffering from excessive ...
Stepan Holger - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Soluble endoglin (sEng) is increased dramatically in preeclampsia and acts synergistically with soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1) to promote the preeclamptic phenotype. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the sEng increase was present already in second-trimester pregnancies with abnormal uterine perfusion and whether the pregnancy ...
Weir Larissa F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle collisions are the leading cause of fetal death related to maternal trauma, with rupture of the gravid uterus being one potential grave outcome. CASE: We present a case of a woman at 22 weeks of gestation who presented to the emergency department after a "high-speed" motor vehicle ...
Cheung Vincent Y T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Sonographic examination of the lower uterine segment (LUS) has been used to diagnose a uterine defect and to determine the degree of LUS thinning in women with previous Caesarean section. Previous studies have demonstrated that the LUS thickness measured sonographically has a high negative predictive value for uterine rupture, ...
Nkwabong, E.
Rupture of a gravid uterus is a surgical emergency. Predisposing factors include a scarred uterus. Spontaneous rupture of an unscarred uterus during pregnancy is a rare occurrence. We hereby present the case of a spontaneous complete uterine rupture at a gestational age of 34 weeks in a 35 year old ...
Taori Kishor - - 2008
Although pregnancy in a rudimentary uterine horn is rare, the correct diagnosis of this condition on routine sonographic examination is critical, because its natural history usually involves the rupture of the pregnant horn during the second or third trimester, resulting in life-threatening bleeding. We report a case in which the ...
Sentilhes Loïc - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effectiveness and safety of the B-Lynch suture for severe persistent postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) following vessel ligation before considering hysterectomy and its impact on menstruation and uterine cavity. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: University-affiliated tertiary referral center. Population. Fifteen consecutive women who underwent B-Lynch suture for persistent PPH ...
Dhar Hansa - - 2008
Unicornuate uterus with rudimentary horn is a rare type of uterine malformation associated with obstetrical complications. Rupture of pregnant rudimentary horn is the usual presentation resulting in severe haemoperitoneum with increased maternal morbidity, and at times, mortality. A case of ruptured rudimentary horn pregnancy in a 24-year-old, second gravida, is ...
Henriet Emmanuelle - - 2008
To report a placenta percreta in a 7-week gestational rudimentary noncommunicating uterine horn pregnancy. A 28-year-old woman with no complaints presented with a rudimentary uterine horn pregnancy at 7-weeks gestation. The diagnosis was suspected by ultrasonography and diagnosed by laparoscopy. Laparoscopic excision of the rudimentary uterine horn and ipsilateral salpingectomy ...
Dinev I - - 2008
1. Clinical and morphological studies were performed in 8 broiler breeder flocks (one hybrid) originating from two different farms in Bulgaria, with an incidence of lameness in female birds between 3 and 4% on one farm and 7 and 8% on the other. Clinical and morphological studies were performed. 2. ...
Ficicioglu C - - 2008
Uterine rupture is a rare complication of pregnancy. It can cause severe problems for the mother and child if not immediately diagnosed and treated. Some certain risk factors play a major role for occurrence. Multiple pergnancies, grand multiparity, previous cesarean sections or myomectomy operations, hysteroscopic manipulations and corrective uterine surgery, ...
Rose Carl H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Uterine incarceration is an infrequent complication of pregnancy in the early second trimester. Although imaging can be confirmatory, the diagnosis is made primarily on clinical grounds, and definitive treatment involves manual reduction to restore the proper anatomic position. Except for preexisting uterine retroversion, often this event is idiopathic. CASE: ...
Ekanem E I - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To study the Socio-demographic profiles and mode of clinical presentations of with uterine rupture in pregnancy in Calabar, Nigeria. METHOD: Medical records of 67 patients managed for ruptured gravid uterus over 10 years in Maternity section of the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital Calabar, Nigeria were reviewed. RESULTS: An ...
Singh Gurcharan - - 2008
Vernix caseosa is a white, creamy, naturally occurring biofilm covering the skin of the fetus during the last trimester of pregnancy. Vernix coating on the neonatal skin protects the newborn skin and facilitates extra-uterine adaptation of skin in the first postnatal week if not washed away after birth. It consists ...
Holub Zdenek - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reproductive outcomes after laparoscopic uterine artery occlusion (LUAO) and uterine artery embolization (UAE) in women with symptomatic fibroids. DESIGN: Prospective, clinical multicentric study. SETTING: Endoscopic center in the department of obstetrics and gynecology at a hospital in the Czech Republic. PATIENT(S): Thirty-eight pregnant women after LUAO ...
Taylor Elizabeth - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To review the current understanding of the role the uterus plays in embryo implantation and to outline congenital anomalies and acquired diseases that impact normal uterine function. DESIGN: The publications related to the embryo implantation, Mullerian anomalies, uterine polyps, uterine synechiae, and myomas were identified through Medline and reviewed. ...
Bidstrup, Lisa A.
Llama reproductive physiology is unique when compared with other livestock species. Llamas carry 95-98% of all pregnancies in the left uterine horn. It is believed that there is a physiological difference between the uterine horns that contributes to this phenomenon. This study examined the uterine environment for protease and protease ...
長田, 佳世
Thesis (Ph. D. in Medical Sciences)--University of Tsukuba, (B), no. 1331, 1997.11.30
Patra Sharda - - 2007
Pregnancy in a non-communicating rudimentary horn is rare and such a pregnancy culminating in the delivery of a live fetus is even rarer. Despite advances in ultrasonography, the accuracy of ultrasound in diagnosing rudimentary horn pregnancy at advanced gestation remains elusive. Confirmatory diagnosis is made only at laparotomy. We report ...
Fraser Ian S - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review highlights the difficulties currently caused by the ill-defined and confused use of terminologies to describe symptoms, signs and causes of abnormal uterine bleeding. It also attempts to put usage of modern terminologies in an historical context with important lessons for current usage. RECENT FINDINGS: Confused ...
Siewert Annette - - 2007
A 44-year-old woman had an uncomplicated vaginal delivery, immediately followed by severe right upper quadrant abdominal pain and hypotension. An emergency exploratory laparotomy revealed a hemoperitoneum caused by a ruptured blood vessel on a large pedunculated uterine fibroid. An unsuccessful myomectomy was attempted, followed by an emergency hysterectomy. This manuscript ...
Gavai Marta - - 2007
Fibroids may cause infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss. Studies have analysed the reproductive results after myomectomy according to the size, location and number of fibroids removed, but data are insufficient about comparison of opening the uterine cavity or not during surgery. Two hundred twenty-nine abdominal myomectomies with the indication of ...
Rangarajan R D - - 2007
Uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is an uncommon problem and traditional treatment by hysterectomy excludes the possibility of future pregnancy. Developments in interventional techniques make transcatheter embolization of the feeding vessel(s) a therapeutic alternative, potentially preserving the patient's fertility. We present a case of successful endovascular treatment of uterine AVM.
Neves Liomar A A - - 2008
The present study was designed to determine ANG peptide content [ANG I, ANG II, ANG-(1-7)], ACE2 mRNA, and the immunocytochemical distribution of ANG-(1-7) and ACE2 in the uteroembryonic unit during early and late gestation in Sprague-Dawley rats and in a rat model of pregnancy-induced hypertension, the reduced uterine perfusion pressure ...
Tranguch, Susanne
The process of implantation absolutely depends on synchronized development of the blastocyst to implantation competency, differentiation of the uterus to the receptive state and a reciprocal dialogue between the blastocyst and the uterus. The uterus is comprised of heterogeneous cell types that respond differentially to ovarian steroid hormones, estrogen and ...
Fassett Michael J - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIM: To examine the effect of oral mifepristone on uterine activity in postterm human pregnancies. METHODS: As part of a randomized, placebo-controlled trial comparing 200 mg oral mifepristone to placebo for preinduction cervical ripening in women with well-dated pregnancies beyond 41 weeks' gestation with unfavorable cervices, uterine activity was continuously ...
Shirata Izumi - - 2007
We report the first case of successful continuation of pregnancy after repair of a midgestational uterine rupture with the use of a fibrin-coated collagen fleece (TachoComb, Nycomed, Linz, Austria). For midgestational uterine rupture, adequate uterine repair and close surveillance of preterm labor could improve perinatal outcome by permitting continuation of ...
Adesiyun A G - - 2007
Puerperal uterine inversion is an uncommon but life threatening obstetrical emergency. A 26-year-old woman, para six, was referred from a peripheral hospital seven days after delivery, with a mass protruding per vaginum. Complete uterine inversion had occurred after delivery of baby and placenta. She was resuscitated and her genital infection ...
Chen Fang-Ping - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the unscarred gravid uterus is very rare. The event occurs mostly during the intrapartum period and is potentially catastrophic for both mother and fetus. The management in general is prompt termination of pregnancy and hysterectomy. CASE: A successful term delivery followed spontaneous rupture of the uterus during ...
Zwart Joost J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A uterine scar is a well-known riskfactorfor both abnormal placentation and uterine rupture, both of which may lead to a serious obstetric hemorrhage. CASE: A 23-year-old woman, gravida 2, para 0 with a history of first-trimester dilatation and curettage (D&C) experienced a life-threatening obstetric hemorrhage due to uterine rupture ...
Yanaihara Atsushi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess endometrial polyp location and abnormal endometrial findings and their impact on pregnancy rate. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Reproductive clinic in Kanagawa, Japan. PATIENT(S): A retrospective study was conducted on 230 infertility patients who had an endometrial polyp, as suspected on the basis of ultrasound and as diagnosed ...
Fleisch M C - - 2008
A 30-year-old gravida 2 para 1 was admitted to hospital 2 years after cesarean section at 20 weeks' gestation with acute onset of abdominal pain and hypovolaemic shock. Emergency laparotomy revealed a uterine rupture located in the anterior uterine wall caused by a placenta percreta and supracervical hysterectomy was performed. ...
Walker Woodruff J - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the fibroid morphology in a cohort of women achieving pregnancy following treatment with uterine artery embolization (UAE) for symptomatic uterine fibroids. A retrospective review of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the uterus was performed to assess pre-embolization fibroid morphology. Data were collected ...
Nkwabong E - - 2007
Rupture of a gravid uterus is a surgical emergency. Predisposing factors include a scarred uterus. Spontaneous rupture of an unscarred uterus during pregnancy is a rare occurrence. We hereby present the case of a spontaneous complete uterine rupture at a gestational age of 34 weeks in a 35 year old ...
Biazik Joanna M - - 2007
Occludin, an integral protein associated with the mammalian tight junction, has for the first time been identified in the uterus of squamate reptiles. The tight junction is made up of anastamosing strands and forms a selective barrier that regulates paracellular diffusion of solutes across uterine epithelium. Occludin exclusively labels tight ...
Fiori Olivia - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous rupture of uterine vessels during pregnancy is rare and usually involves uteroovarian veins. Presenting symptoms include acute-onset abdominal pain and maternal hypovolemic collapse due to hemoperitoneum. An atypical case of subacute uterine artery rupture at 27 weeks of gestation occurred in a woman with sickle cell disease. CASE: ...
Ong Kee Jiet - - 2007
The growing body of evidence concerning the safety and efficacy of uterine artery embolization (UAE) has led to increasing confidence amongst gynecologists and interventional radiologists that UAE can be used safely to treat women with symptomatic fibroids. UAE is clearly preferable for certain subgroups of patients, for example those with ...
Zlopasa G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare reproductive outcome in women with uterine anomalies and women with a normal uterus, and evaluate the effect of resectoscope metroplasty. METHODS: The pregnancy outcomes, past and present, of 105 women with congenital uterine anomalies were compared with those of 182 women with a normally shaped uterus. The ...
Williams E J - - 2007
In cattle, the first postpartum dominant follicle grows slower and produces less oestradiol in animals with high numbers of bacteria contaminating the uterine lumen. However, only bacteria that are uterine pathogens are correlated with severe clinical disease and an increased inflammatory response. It is unknown whether the effect on the ...
Cardone A - - 2007
At present, postpartum hemorrhage is still an important cause of maternal mortality and morbidity. When medical therapy has no success, conservative surgical procedures are applied before making a hysterectomy. Three transverse sutures are applied to the entire uterine wall both to the right and the left side of the uterus. ...
El-Miligy Magdy - - 2007
A 29-year-old nulliparous patient was treated with uterine artery embolization (UAE) for a large symptomatic uterine fibroid, resulting in a marked reduction of the tumor volume. She subsequently conceived and progressed through pregnancy uneventfully. At cesarean section for breech presentation at term, a large fundal myometrial defect was encountered. In ...
Usadi Rebecca S - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Uterine artery embolization for management of symptomatic fibroids is an effective and increasingly popular treatment option. There are several studies evaluating the effects of uterine artery embolization on later pregnancies; however, the effects on fertility are still largely uncertain. This paper reviews the current literature on the ...
Foote Meghan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To present a description of the management of a pregnancy in a woman who had undergone endometrial ablation and uterine artery embolization for fibroids. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine within a tertiary community-based teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): A 43-year-old G2P1 woman who had undergone a hydrothermal ...
Pierzynski Piotr - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To confirm the improvement of uterine receptivity following administration of oxytocin and vasopressin V1A antagonist atosiban. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Private reproductive medicine center. PATIENT(S): A 42-year-old woman with a history of 15 years' infertility and seven failed in vitro fertilization/embryo transfer (IVF-ET) attempts. INTERVENTION(S): Atosiban (mixed vasopressin V1A/oxytocin ...
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