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Liberis Vassilios - - 2009
Choriocarcinoma is the most malignant tumor of gestational trophoblastic neoplasia. Choriocarcinoma presenting as postpartum hemorrhage and spontaneous uterine perforation with intra-abdominal hemorrhage is very rare. We present a 29-year-old woman with spontaneous uterine rupture due to choriocarcinoma following a live birth pregnancy. The long time interval (2 years) between the ...
Chopra Seema - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy in rudimentary horn of uterus, a form of ectopic gestation, is associated with significant rates of morbidity and mortality. Despite the recent advances in the ultrasonography, diagnosis of cornual pregnancy still remains elusive; with confirmatory diagnosis usually made during laparotomy. The aim of the present study is to ...
Spanheimer Philip M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is an increased incidence of breast cancer occurring during pregnancy. Controversy exists as to the safety of performing lymphoscintigraphy during pregnancy and no studies have reported the measured dose of uterine radiation. METHODS: We performed an institutional review board (IRB)-approved prospective study of uterine radiation resulting from lymphoscintigraphy. ...
Sugiura-Ogasawara Mayumi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare subsequent pregnancy outcomes after two or more miscarriages in patients with and without congenital uterine anomalies. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Nagoya City University Hospital. PATIENT(S): A total of 42 patients with a bicornuate or septate uterus and 1528 with normal uteri. INTERVENTION(S): No surgery. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): ...
Singhal Savita Rani - - 2009
Spontaneous uterine rupture during second trimester is a rarity in obstetrics. Rupture of the pregnant uterus is considered spontaneous if the rupture occurs without contractile activity of the myometrium. An unusual case of asymptomatic spontaneous uterine scar dehiscence in second trimester with previous three lower uterine segment caesarean sections following ...
Kübler K - - 2009
Pregnancy after complete loss of pituitary function is uncommon. However, advances in fertility treatment have led to increased pregnancy rates in hypopituitary women. We hereby present a literature review of pregnancies affected by hypopituitarism, including a comparison with published controls; further, we add one case report of severe hypopituitarism where ...
Rajiah Prabhakar - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Uterine diverticula complicating pregnancy rarely are reported and should be differentiated from sacculation of pregnancy and other pelvic masses. CASE: A primigravida presented for a routine second-trimester anatomical survey ultrasound examination at 22 weeks of gestation. She initially was thought to have a bicornuate, bicolic uterus with bulging membranes. ...
Rebarber Andrei - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Uterine arteriovenous malformations are rare, potentially life-threatening, vascular anomalies. CASE: We report a case of a large arteriovenous malformation diagnosed during pregnancy that was successfully treated with bilateral uterine artery embolization at 20 weeks of gestation during an ongoing pregnancy. The procedure was uncomplicated, did not result in any ...
Osol George - - 2009
Sufficient uteroplacental blood flow is essential for normal pregnancy outcome and is accomplished by the coordinated growth and remodeling of the entire uterine circulation, as well as the creation of a new fetal vascular organ: the placenta. The process of remodeling involves a number of cellular processes, including hyperplasia and ...
Fuller Robert - - 2009
This study used a rat model in which pregnancy was surgically restricted to one uterine horn to differentiate between local (fetoplacental) and systemic (endocrine) influences on uterine vascular remodeling during pregnancy. Sprague-Dawley rats with single-horn pregnancies were studied on day 20/22 of gestation and compared to age-matched nonpregnant and late-pregnant ...
Jeyasuria Pancharatnam P Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, Magee-Women's Research Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2009
The appropriate timing of the onset of labor is critical to a successful pregnancy, with potentially devastating consequences resulting to both the mother and child with the onset of preterm labor. In this study, we tested the central hypothesis that progesterone maintains uterine quiescence through regulation of active uterine caspase ...
Shavell Valerie I - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities of the female reproductive tract are associated with a multitude of intrapartum complications. In the case that follows, we report the complicated pregnancy course of a woman diagnosed postpartum with the uncommon syndrome of obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal anomaly (OHVIRA) associated with a complete septate uterus. CASE: ...
Lee Bo-Mi - - 2009
Transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily V, member 6 (TRPV6) is an epithelial Ca2+ channel protein expressed in calcium absorbing organs. In the present study, we investigated the expression and regulation of uterine and placental TRPV6 during gestation in rodents. Uterine TRPV6 peaked at pregnancy day (P) 0.5, P5.5 and, ...
Miller Charles E - - 2009
Uterine myomas may develop in many women, but only become clinically significant in about one third of the affected population. Although uterine myomas are most often benign, they are associated with debilitating symptoms and commonly result in hysterectomy. Current treatments for uterine myomas include pharmacologic therapies, delivery of focused energy, ...
Rana Ritu - - 2009
Spontaneous rupture of uterus in unscarred uterus prior to onset of labor in third trimester is extremely rare and to our knowledge, very few cases have been reported so far. A 26-year-old third gravida women with 32 weeks pregnancy presented with pre-labor rupture uterus with extrusion of intact amniotic sac ...
Fanchin Renato - - 2009
This review assesses data on the possible relationship between the contractility of the non-pregnant uterus and the human reproduction process. The possibility of assessing non-invasively uterine contractility using ultrasound scans has improved understanding of hormone regulation and the influence of uterine contractility on the human embryo implantation process in both ...
Okonta Patrick I - - 2009
Pregnancy in the rudimentary horn is rare and carries grave consequences for the mother and fetus. A case report is presented of a 26 year old single gravida 3 para 0(+2) lady with rupture of a rudimentary horn pregnancy at a gestational age of 20 weeks. Laparotomy was done and ...
Wasielak Marta - - 2009
The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of the conceptus on uterine prostaglandin-F2alpha (PGF2alpha) and prostaglandin-E2 (PGE2) release and the expression of prostaglandin synthase enzymes during the periimplantation period in the pig. A surgically generated model with conceptuses developing in only one of the uterine horns was created. ...
Hunter Tamara J - - 2009
Uterine defects in pregnancy are rare and may pose difficulties in definition and clinical management. Defects involving the myometrium encompass entities such as uterine rupture, dehiscence, sacculation or diverticulum. There are only a few reported cases of uterine fundal defects where the pregnancy continues into the third trimester. The following ...
Chandra J A - - 2009
Subacute puerperal inversion of the uterus is preferably managed by surgery. Conservative management by Aveling's repositor or vaginal packing was cumbersome and took long. However, a long surgery scar over the uterus carries a high risk of uterine rupture in the next pregnancy. A series of four village women with ...
Ozturk E - - 2009
PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION: To evaluate the effect of pregnancy on uterine myoma and the effect of uterine myoma on the pregnancy prospectively. METHODS: Prospective evaluation of 19 pregnant women with uterine myomas was done between January 2005 and February 2008 at the Gynecology and Obstetrics Department Gaziantep University. The number ...
Hassan M M Université de Technologie de Compiègne - CNRS UMR 6600 Biomécanique et Bioingénierie, F60205 Compiègne Cedex, France. - - 2009
Evaluation of synchronization between signals can give new insights into the functioning of the related systems. Methods that can detect synchronization or coupling between signals can be divided two types: linear and non linear methods. In this paper we use the non linear correlation coefficient (h(2)) to show the difference ...
Lin Kaiqing - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate reproductive outcomes in women with complete uterine septum with double cervix and vagina following resectoscope metroplasty. METHODS: The pregnancy outcomes of 21 women who underwent vaginal and uterine septum resection were compared with those of 15 untreated women with similar clinical characteristics. The Fisher exact test and ...
Taggart Michael J - - 2008
During pregnancy, the muscular layer of the uterine wall known as the myometrium, which is composed mainly of smooth muscle cells, is maintained in a state of relative quiescence. A switch from myometrial quiescence to myometrial activation is required to establish uterine contractions during labor. Researchers have long been perplexed ...
Taggart Michael J - - 2008
During pregnancy, the muscular layer of the uterine wall known as the myometrium, which is composed mainly of smooth muscle cells, is maintained in a state of relative quiescence. A switch from myometrial quiescence to myometrial activation is required to establish uterine contractions during labor. Researchers have long been perplexed ...
Rabinovici Jaron - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To report all pregnancies to date after magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) for the conservative treatment of clinically significant uterine fibroids. DESIGN: Prospective registry of all known pregnancies occurring after MRgFUS maintained by the device manufacturer and reported to the Food and Drug Administration. SETTING: World experience of ...
Renjit Silja - - 2008
Adnexal torsion accounts for 2.7% of all gynaecological emergencies, but isolated torsion of fallopian tube is an infrequent yet significant cause of lower abdominal pain in women, which generally presents in the reproductive age group. The overall incidence is 1 in 1.5 million women and is generally isolated and unilateral.(1) ...
Sentilhes Loic - - 2008
Objective. To estimate the effectiveness and safety of the B-Lynch suture for severe persistent postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) following vessel ligation before considering hysterectomy and its impact on menstruation and uterine cavity. Design. Cohort study. Setting. University-affiliated tertiary referral center. Population. Fifteen consecutive women who underwent B-Lynch suture for persistent PPH ...
Chason Rebecca J - - 2008
To report a unique fluoroscopically guided approach to treat severe intrauterine adhesions and cervical stenosis using balloon hysteroplasty. Case report. Military-based fertility center. A 33-year-old woman undergoing assisted reproductive technology whose uterus could not be cannulated because of the development of intrauterine synechiae and cervical stenosis after a post-IUI infection ...
Soleymani Majd Hooman - - 2009
A 39-year-old Asian woman was admitted to hospital with persistent, heavy vaginal bleeding following an uncomplicated first trimester surgical termination of pregnancy (STOP). Her heavy bleeding continued after the STOP and she had recurrent hospital admissions which included two procedures to evacuate presumed retained products of conception. She eventually had ...
Contreras Karenrose R - - 2008
Pregnancy in a rudimentary horn is an extremely rare but serious obstetric condition. It is associated with uterine rupture and increased maternal mortality. The standard treatment is excision of the pregnancy and rudimentary horn. Several case reports describe a successful laparoscopic approach for rudimentary horn pregnancies diagnosed in the first ...
Bodner-Adler Barbara - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Uterine leiomyosarcoma during pregnancy is an extremely rare event. The incidence of meningioma during pregnancy is comparable with that in nonpregnant women of the same age group. We report a case of both--a primary uterine leiomyosarcoma and additionally an atypical meningioma of the brain both diagnosed during pregnancy. CASE ...
Gottschalk E M - - 2008
Approximately 15% of women have a retroverted uterus prior to pregnancy, and retroversion occurs in 11% of women in the first trimester of pregnancy. However, the uterus usually moves to an upward position before 14 weeks' gestation. Incarceration and sacculation of a retroverted uterus occur in 1 in 3000 pregnancies ...
Kothari Truptesh H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of uterine electrical stimulation (ES) with various parameters in delaying delivery in term- and preterm-laboring animals. STUDY DESIGN: Catheters and electrodes, as well as ES electrodes, were sutured onto the uterine horn in day-15 pregnant rats. ES with various durations/frequencies (five sets of parameters) was ...
Tilford, Sarah
During pregnancy in the mouse, extensive communication takes place between the conceptus (embryo/fetus and associated extraembryonic membranes) and uterus. Our focus centers on the uterine response to the conceptus. In ruminants, the conceptus produces interferon tau that induces interferon stimulated genes (ISGs) which likely regulate uterine receptivity, conceptus implantation, and ...
Seo Heewon - - 2008
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a simple phospholipid-derived mediator with diverse biological actions, acts through the specific G protein-coupled receptors endothelial differentiation gene (EDG) 2, EDG4, EDG7, and GPR23. Recent studies indicate a critical role for LPA receptor signaling in embryo implantation. To understand how LPA acts in the uterus during pregnancy ...
Su Chi Feng - - 2008
A 30-year-old, gravida 2, para 0 woman who had a history of a laparoscopic cornuostomy for a left interstitial pregnancy was admitted for a vaginal delivery due to labor pains at 40 weeks gestation. A prolonged placental delivery, persistent abdominal pain, and hemorrhagic shock were noted after the delivery of ...
Miyakuni Yasuka - - 2008
In endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the uterine corpus, nodal metastasis is related to prognosis. D2-40 immunostaining has recently been used to detect lymphatic invasion, but a study of D2-40 immunostaining for endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the uterine corpus has not been published. Therefore, as a predictor of nodal metastasis in endometrioid adenocarcinoma ...
Dunlap Kathrin A - - 2008
Secreted phosphoprotein one (SPP1, osteopontin) may regulate conceptus implantation and placentation. We investigated effects of progesterone (P(4)) and the conceptus on expression and localization of SPP1 in the ovine uterus. Steady-state levels of SPP1 mRNA in the endometrium of unilaterally pregnant ewes did not differ significantly between nongravid and gravid ...
Jihong Lu - - 2009
A rudimentary uterine horn is extremely rare and often difficult to diagnose. The frequency of this pathology is approximately 1:100,000. The diagnosis is sometimes elusive even at surgery. We present a case report of pregnancy in a rudimentary horn in the patient with one caesarean and one normal vaginal delivery, ...
Kadan Yfat - - 2008
Pregnancy in a rudimentary horn occurs once in 76,000 pregnancies. The most significant threat of pregnancy in a rudimentary horn is the risk of rupture. With the use of ultrasound the diagnosis can be made before symptoms occur. Management usually consists of excision of the rudimentary horn with the pregnancy ...
Quinn C E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Understanding the mechanisms by which fluid absorption and secretion occur in the endometrium is clinically important since conditions that deregulate this process reduce fertility. It has been suggested that luminal epithelial cells induce a crucial step in the process of embryo implantation called uterine closure via endocytotic fluid uptake. ...
Endoh Hisashi - - 2008
The fetal brain is thought to have a role in the onset and progression of labor. Evidence also exists for fetal oxytocin release just before and during parturition. The present study examined whether activation of the fetal brain could induce uterine myometrial contractions through oxytocin receptors in the dam. Under ...
Vaknin Zvi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To present prenatal findings and maternal and neonatal outcomes following second- and early third-trimester spontaneous antepartum uterine rupture events in our institute. METHOD: Charts of patients with full-thickness second- or early third-trimester symptomatic uterine ruptures locally treated between 1984 and 2007 were evaluated. RESULTS: There were seven events involving ...
Rana A - - 2008
Hematometrocolpos drained abdominally at laparotomy done, with suspicion of an ovarian torsion in an adolescent with ipsilateral renal agenesis, was eventually rediscovered to have in coexistent uterine didelphys in a 25 year P3+0 at the time repeat caesrean for breech in the event of third parturition, complicated by partum hemorrhage ...
Vennemann Benedikt - - 2008
A 23-year-old woman traveling in the front passenger seat of a car was killed in a traffic accident involving two rear-end collisions. After the second rear-end collision, the car caught fire. While the driver could be rescued, the pregnant passenger remained inside the car. After the fire had been extinguished, ...
Verma Sachit K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to assess the relationship between the endometrium and submucosal fibroids before and after uterine artery embolization (UAE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Contrast-enhanced pelvic 1.5-T MRI was performed in 49 women before and after UAE over a 2-year period. Dominant (largest diameter) fibroids in intramural, ...
Puscheck Elizabeth E - - 2008
Congenital uterine anomalies in women often do not cause any symptoms, except when there is an obstruction of the uterine outflow tract, which occurs infrequently. Patients with congenital uterine anomalies often go undetected or are only discovered incidentally during an evaluation for something else. Consequently, it is difficult to determine ...
Halperin Reuvit - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To supplement existing cases of cesarean scar pregnancy presenting as acute conditions. All of the study women had been treated by a conservative surgical approach. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Department of obstetrics/gynecology of a tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): We identified six pregnant women at 7-15 weeks' gestation who underwent ...
Durnwald Celeste P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the myometrial thickness (MT) of multiple uterine sites during all three trimesters of pregnancy in an attempt to identify anticipated myometrial thickness in each trimester for these sites. METHODS: In this prospective cross sectional study, MT was evaluated by ultrasound in women with viable singleton pregnancies. Women ...
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