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Pierce Stephanie L - - 2010
Transgenic and knockout mouse models have proven useful in the study of genes necessary for parturition-including genes that affect the timing and/or progression of labor contractions. However, taking full advantage of these models will require a detailed characterization of the contractile patterns in the mouse uterus. Currently the best methodology ...
Chibber Rachana - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: (a) To review the cases of ruptured uterus over the last 25 years and analyze the causative factors with a view to its prevention (b) To analyze subsequent pregnancy outcome with a view to its safety. METHOD: The case notes were reviewed for all patients with ruptured uterus over ...
Han Bing-Chen - - 2010
Vitamin A (VA) is required for normal fetal development and successful pregnancy. Excessive VA intake during pregnancy may lead to adverse maternal and fetal effects. Cytochrome P450 26A1 (cyp26a1), a retinoic acid (RA)-metabolizing enzyme, is involved in VA metabolism. It has been shown that cyp26a1 is expressed in female reproductive ...
Fotopoulou C - - 2010
We performed a systematic review of the current literature on efficacy, complications and impact on future pregnancies of uterine compression sutures (UCS) applied in cases of severe postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) in women who wish to preserve fertility. Publications related to UCS from their initial description 03/1996-07/2009, were identified using PubMed ...
Bohlmann Michael K - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to analyse hysteroscopic results in patients with recurrent miscarriages and to compare the frequency of uterine anomalies in women with a history of exactly two and with more than two consecutive miscarriages. A retrospective analysis of 206 patients undergoing hysteroscopy for repeated early pregnancy ...
Agdi Mohammed - - 2010
Uterine fibroids are the most common benign tumor of the uterus in women of reproductive age. However, most of them are asymptomatic and do not require any treatment. Menorrhagia and pelvic pain are the most usual symptoms, and some women may present with infertility or pregnancy-related complications. In those with ...
Lang Christopher T - - 2010
Uterine rupture is an important cause of obstetrical hemorrhage associated with morbidity for mother and fetus. Risk factors should be discussed in the counseling process. Intrapartum findings including maternal condition, fetal heart rate monitoring, and uterine activity may prove helpful in making the diagnosis of a dehiscence or rupture, but ...
Fitzmaurice Laura E - - 2010
We report a case of a rudimentary horn pregnancy with herniation of a fetal arm and umbilical cord into the main uterine cavity that presented as an incidental finding on a routine second-trimester ultrasound scan. We also review the literature that guides the diagnosis and management of these rare complicated ...
Hirota Yasushi - - 2010
Many signaling pathways that contribute to tumorigenesis are also functional in pregnancy, although they are dysregulated in the former and tightly regulated in the latter. Transformation-related protein 53 (Trp53), which encodes p53, is a tumor suppressor gene whose mutation is strongly associated with cancer. However, its role in normal physiological ...
Zhang Yan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Congenital uterine anomalies are associated with the highest incidence of reproductive failure and obstetric complications. This study aimed to summarize the clinical characteristics and prenatal outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital uterine malformations. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated the fertility and obstetric outcome of 116 inpatients with uterine ...
Medel Jorge Martínez - - 2010
We report a case of spontaneous uterine rupture caused by placenta percreta at 18 weeks' gestation after in vitro fertilization. Spontaneous uterine rupture is an extremely infrequent obstetric complication that may compromise the lives of the fetus and the mother. We describe the case of a pregnant woman at 18 ...
Bowling Meaghan R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Uterine rupture after endometrial ablation is rare and has not been reported previously in the English literature. CASE: A 33-year-old multigravida at 26 5/7 weeks of gestation had undergone two endometrial ablation procedures. The first attempt 2 years before pregnancy was complicated by uterine perforation. She presented with severe ...
Istre Olav - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate reproductive outcomes after hysteroscopic metroplasty of uterine septa using three-dimensional ultrasound. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): One hundred fourteen women with uterine septa. INTERVENTION(S): Three-dimensional ultrasound followed by hysteroscopic resection of the uterine septum (metroplasty). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Reproductive outcome after hysteroscopic metroplasty. RESULT(S): ...
Gupta Anjali - - 2011
Uterine rupture during pregnancy is a rare occurrence that frequently results in high incidence of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. To study the incidence, risk factors, maternal and fetal outcome of uterine rupture. A retrospective study. A retrospective study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology ...
Shynlova Oksana - - 2010
The adaptive growth of the uterus is a critical event that involves changes in cellular phenotypes throughout pregnancy. In early pregnancy, uterine growth is due to hyperplasia of uterine smooth muscle cells (SMCs) within the myometrium; however, the major component of myometrial growth occurs after mid-gestation. This study sought to ...
Akiyama Shizuko - - 2010
Tohoku J. Exp. Med., 221: 287-298, 2010.In the version of this article published in the August issue, 2010, the affiliation number of the tenth author (Shigeru Tsuchiya) was mistyped (page 287). The correct affiliation is shown above. In addition, the lettering of 'ZT' is a misprint for 'CT' in panels ...
Namboodiri Vasudevan - - 2010
Heroin misuse in pregnancy is a significant health and social problem, and it can have an adverse effect on the mother and the baby. Although heroin and methadone have no specific teratogenic potential, 48-94% of children exposed in utero will have neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). The primary aim of this ...
Eddib Abeer - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Uterine prolapse in pregnancy is rare and can either occur during pregnancy or be present before the pregnancy. We present a case of a successful pregnancy in a patient with preexisting uterine procidentia. CASE: A 44-year-old woman with a history of complete uterine prolapse presented with an unplanned pregnancy. ...
Baughn Mariah R - - 2010
We report the case of a 30-year-old woman who presented with intrauterine fetal demise of a 17-2/7-week male fetus. The patient failed misoprostol induction and was taken for surgical evaluation. At the time of surgery an ectopic pregnancy in a noncommunicating rudimentary uterine horn was found. Histologic examination of the ...
Sentilhes Lo?c - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To determine and compare the fertility and pregnancy outcomes following embolisation with or without uterine-sparing surgery for postpartum haemorrhage, and to attempt to identify specific risk factors associated with an increased likelihood of intrauterine synechia. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University-affiliated tertiary referral centre. POPULATION: All consecutive women who had ...
Acharya Santanu - - 2010
In 1% of Rhesus negative women sensitisation occurs without any overt sensitising event during pregnancy. This accounts for late immunisation during a first pregnancy and is responsible for 18-27% of cases of alloimmunisation. The incidence of congenital uterine anomalies in a fertile population is 3.2% of which 5% are bicornuate ...
Butcher Charles J - - 2010
This case highlights the importance of differentiating between normal physiological changes of pregnancy and symptoms that are pathological. It discusses the presentation of heart failure during pregnancy and the differential diagnoses that should be considered. It also highlights the difficult management decisions that may have to be made in order ...
Saravelos Sotirios H - - 2010
Congenital uterine anomalies (CUA) are a known cause of recurrent miscarriage (RM), but the pattern of pregnancy loss that different CUA produce remains unknown. This study included 665 women with RM who were screened for CUA using a combined two-dimensional ultrasound (2D-US) and hysterosalpingography (HSG) approach. All suspected CUA were ...
Giraldo A M - - 2010
In cattle, limited data are available regarding the sex ratio of the offspring in relation to the horn of gestation. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the sex ratio of fetuses gestated in the left and right uterine horns of cattle (Bos taurus, Bos indicus and crosses). ...
Goynumer Gokhan - - 2009
Uterine rupture is one of the most feared obstetric complications, carrying an increased risk of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Here, we present a case of spontaneous uterine rupture during the first half of pregnancy. The patient did not report any recent trauma, however she had a history of ...
Silva L A - - 2010
Colour-Doppler ultrasonography was used to study the spatial relationship between vascular perfusion in the middle of each uterine horn and the reported location of the embryo proper and expanding conceptus using endometrial vascularity scores 1-4 (nil-maximal). Vascularity increased in both uterine horns between days 14 and 18 (day 0=ovulation) in ...
Hasmüller Stephan - - 2010
PURPOSE: Information about fetal and maternal outcome in pregnant women with mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) is rare and in part contradictory. The purpose of this study is to review published literature about MCTD in pregnancy in the context of a rare case of peripartum bilateral uterine rupture in a ...
Arslan Tongu?? - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To emphasize the importance of complete ultrasonographic evaluation during the first trimester of pregnancy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Obstetric unit in a training and research hospital. PATIENT(S): A 27-year-old primigravida woman who reached 37 weeks' gestation with a noncommunicating rudimentary horn pregnancy. INTERVENTION(S): The accurate diagnosis of a noncommunicating ...
Dim Cyril C - - 2009
The primigravid uterus is believed to be immune to rupture during labour. This may not be true for those who have had prior adenomyomectomy, hence this report. The patient was a 28-year-old nullipara who became pregnant 11 months after an adenomyomectomy. Twelve hours after vaginal delivery at term, she developed ...
Fekih Meriem - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Rupture of pregnant rudimentary horn in a pseudounicornuate uterus is usually resulting in severe and dramatic haemoperitoneum at the beginning of the second trimester of gestation. Advanced abdominal pregnancy due to horn rudimentary uterine rupture with delivery of a viable fetus is exceptional. AIM: To analyse obstetrical entailments, diagnosis ...
Chookun Julien - - 2009
Spontaneous rupture of splenic artery aneurysm during pregnancy is a rare, life-threatening event with a catastrophic prognosis. Splenic artery aneurysm, known to be more frequent in women, especially among multiparous ones, is generally asymptomatic until rupture. Because of increased blood flow and hormonal modifications, this rupture occurs frequently during pregnancy, ...
Wang Peng-Hui - - 2009
Extensive adenomyosis (adenomyosis) or its variance, localized adenomyosis (adenomyoma) of the uterus, is often described as scattered, widely-distributed endometrial glands or stromal tissue found throughout the myometrium layer of the uterus. By definition, adenomyosis consists of epithelial as well as stromal elements, and is situated at least 2.5 mm below ...
Shahid Anupama - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy in a rudimentary horn is although rare, but is associated with the risk of rupture and life threatening hemorrhage. With the use of ultrasound the diagnosis can be made before symptoms occur. Management usually consists of excision of the rudimentary horn along with the pregnancy and the ipsilateral ...
Hale Sarah A SA Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05404, - - 2009
We evaluated the relationship between prepregnancy and early pregnancy uterine blood flow (UBF) and resistance index (RI). Nineteen nulliparous participants were studied during cycle day 8 + 4, and early pregnancy (13.4 + 1.6 weeks). Color Doppler ultrasound of both uterine arteries and maternal heart was performed to calculate uterine ...
Altchek Albert - - 2009
SYNOPSIS: After surgical correction of unilateral distal vaginal agenesis, the obstructed didelphic uterus was able to harbor 2 subsequent pregnancies. BACKGROUND: There was a congenital anomaly syndrome of uterus didelphys, unilateral distal vaginal aplasia, and ipsilateral renal aplasia. Intuition suggests that later pregnancy would be in the unobstructed uterus. OBJECTIVE: ...
Liao Chi-Yuan - - 2009
Spontaneous uterine rupture in the course of pregnancy is a rare event that usually occurs in a scarred uterus. The event occurs mostly during the intrapartum period and is potentially catastrophic for both mother and fetus. We report a case of 2-cm cornual rupture in a pregnant woman at 13 ...
Firouznia Kavous - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to report on pregnancies and their outcome after uterine artery embolization for uterine fibroids. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: From 2001 to 2004, 102 patients (mean age, [+/- SD] 35.7 +/- 6.4 years; range, 20-48 years) with symptomatic uterine fibroids underwent uterine artery embolization with ...
Perez-Medina Tirso - - 2009
A case of advanced pregnancy loss in the rudimentary horn of a unicornuate uterus is presented herein. The unknown uterine malformation and advanced pregnancy resulted in the condition being incorrectly diagnosed on ultrasound. After a failed attempt at dilatation and curettage, a correct diagnosis was made and proper treatment was ...
Shibata Sho C - - 2009
Renal artery aneurysm (RAA) rupture during pregnancy is a rare event which is associated with high mortality rates for both mother and fetus. Hyperthyroidism may be present during pregnancy. Both complications are easily confused with more common conditions. We report an unusual case of a pregnant woman with undiagnosed hyperthyroidism ...
Ideta Atsushi - - 2010
Embryo transfer (ET) has been used to improve reproductive efficiency and genetic make-up in bovine species. However, the success rate of ET has not been improved since its inception. Here we examined whether administration of autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) into the uterine horn can improve pregnancy rates following ...
Sliutz Gerhard - - 2009
Uterine rupture during the first trimester of pregnancy is an extremely rare, but life-threatening cause of intraperitoneal hemorrhage. Up to the knowledge of the authors all reports of first trimester uterine ruptures are related to scar dehiscences following previous cesarean sections or occurred in unscarred uteri of multiparous women. In ...
Varghese Usha - - 2009
Isolated torsion of the fallopian tube occurring in pregnancy is very rare. This entity should be considered in the differential diagnosis of acute pelvic pain with cystic adnexal mass associated with a normal ipsilateral ovary. This is a case report of a primi gravida at 29 weeks of pregnancy who ...
Mirza Fadi G - - 2009
Uterine rupture, uterine inversion, and pelvic lacerations/hematomas are all associated with increased risk for hemorrhage at the time of delivery. Certain clinical factors will increase the likelihood that these complications will occur, and clinical management can be adapted to reduce risk. Prior cesarean section is a significant risk factor for ...
Errarhay, S; ;
Pregnancy in a rudimentary horn is a very rare condition. It is responsible for several complications. Prognosis is reserved because the natural evolution generally leads to a cataclysmic uterine rupture at the beginning of the second trimester. Classically, the treatment after foetal extraction consists of ablation of the rudimentary horn ...
Nanda Smiti - - 2009
Rudimentary horn is a rare anomaly and results from arrested development of the mullerian ducts. We report a case of twin pregnancy in a unicornuate uterus with a non-communicating rudimentary horn, in which two siblings each in separate horn were delivered successfully by caesarean section.
Franczak Anita - - 2009
In the pig, the periimplantation period is critical for successful establishment of pregnancy. We studied the influence of embryos on oxytocin (OT) and progesterone (P(4)) regulated endometrial and myometrial secretion of 1) luteotrophic prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) and 2) luteolytic prostaglandin F(2alpha) and its metabolite (PGFM) on days 12-14 of pregnancy ...
Liberis Vassilios - - 2009
Choriocarcinoma is the most malignant tumor of gestational trophoblastic neoplasia. Choriocarcinoma presenting as postpartum hemorrhage and spontaneous uterine perforation with intra-abdominal hemorrhage is very rare. We present a 29-year-old woman with spontaneous uterine rupture due to choriocarcinoma following a live birth pregnancy. The long time interval (2 years) between the ...
Chopra Seema - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy in rudimentary horn of uterus, a form of ectopic gestation, is associated with significant rates of morbidity and mortality. Despite the recent advances in the ultrasonography, diagnosis of cornual pregnancy still remains elusive; with confirmatory diagnosis usually made during laparotomy. The aim of the present study is to ...
Spanheimer Philip M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is an increased incidence of breast cancer occurring during pregnancy. Controversy exists as to the safety of performing lymphoscintigraphy during pregnancy and no studies have reported the measured dose of uterine radiation. METHODS: We performed an institutional review board (IRB)-approved prospective study of uterine radiation resulting from lymphoscintigraphy. ...
Sugiura-Ogasawara Mayumi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare subsequent pregnancy outcomes after two or more miscarriages in patients with and without congenital uterine anomalies. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Nagoya City University Hospital. PATIENT(S): A total of 42 patients with a bicornuate or septate uterus and 1528 with normal uteri. INTERVENTION(S): No surgery. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): ...
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