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Yohannes Paulos - - 2002
Acute urinary retention during pregnancy is rare. Retention secondary to an impacted, gravid uterus is an emergency. Retroversion of the uterus, a history of pelvic inflammatory disease, and large fibroids are predisposing factors. The enlarging gravid uterus and uterine fibroids may trap the uterus inside the pelvic ring, preventing it ...
Choksuchat Chainarong - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of the Songkla uterine manipulator (SUM) and the Hulka controlling tenaculum for manipulation of the uterus for laparoscopy. METHOD: Forty women scheduled for laparoscopic tubal ligation were randomized to the SUM group (n=20) or the Hulka group (n=20) as uterine manipulator. Laparoscopic evidence of antevertion ...
Binkert Christoph A - - 2002
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the rabbit model for studies of particulate uterine artery embolization (UAE). Rabbits were chosen because it was believed that their year-round breeding time and short duration of pregnancy would be useful in studies of fertility and pregnancy after UAE. MATERIALS AND ...
Nishi Hirotaka - - 2003
A rare case of noncommunicating rudimentary uterine horn pregnancy is described. The pregnancy proceeded to twenty-six gestational weeks when the rudimentary uterine horn ruptured as the patient had signs and symptoms of massive hemoperitoneum. An emergency exploratory laparotomy revealed incomplete rupture of the gravid rudimentary horn. A viable female infant ...
García-Enguídanos A - - 2002
Miscarriage is one of the most frequent problems in human pregnancy. The most widely accepted definition is that proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1977. The incidence among clinical pregnancies is about 12-15% but including early pregnancy losses it is 17-22%. The only two etiologic factors recognized by ...
Satoh Shoji - - 2002
We report a case with spontaneous rupture of the renal pelvis during pregnancy. A 34-year-old Japanese woman was referred at 20 weeks' gestation because of sudden severe right flank pain. She had severe colic pain radiating to the right lower abdomen with percussion tenderness at the right costovertebral angle and ...
Critchley Hilary O D - - 2002
At the present time approximately 1 in 1000 young people aged between 16 and 35 years will have been cured of cancer in childhood and some of the treatment regimens used will have predictable effects on their future fertility prospects. In young women who have been exposed to radiotherapy below ...
Wang Steven Y - - 2002
Pregnancy is associated with altered vascular reactivity. However, the effect of pregnancy on the alpha- and beta-adrenergic responses in the uterine microcirculation remains to be determined. In late-pregnant (Day 20-21, n = 6) and virgin (n = 6) Sprague-Dawley rats, uterine radial arterioles (70-120 microm in internal diameter) were isolated. ...
Chen Yi Jen - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of successful pregnancy after laparoscopic bipolar coagulation of uterine vessels (LBCUV). DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University-affiliated tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): One woman, treated with LBCUV for symptomatic fibroids, who subsequently had a successful pregnancy. INTERVENTION(S): Laparoscopic bipolar coagulation of uterine arteries and anastomotic sites of ...
Ng Ernest Hung Yu - - 2002
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus as to whether uterine fibroids have any adverse effects on the outcomes of assisted reproduction treatment. This prospective study compared implantation/pregnancy rates of women with and without fibroids undergoing IVF-embryo transfer and measured uterine blood flow indices of the fibroid group. METHODS: Patients who had ...
Nahum Gerard G - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the outcomes of rudimentary uterine horn pregnancies and to identify trends and opportunities for improvement in patient care. STUDY DESIGN: During the period 1900-1999, 588 cases of rudimentary uterine horn pregnancy were identified using both manual and computerized searches of Index Medicus, Excerpta Medica and the Index-Catalogue ...
Kaeoket K - - 2002
Seventeen multiparous cross-bred sows (Swedish Land-race x Swedish Yorkshire) were inseminated in their second oestrus after weaning and divided into two groups. One group (ACTH, n = 9) was given an intravenous injection of adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) every 6 h commencing 4-8 h after ovulation, whereas another group (control, n ...
Lam Po Mui - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Postevacuation uterine perforation is a common event. Early diagnosis and management are important to minimize the associated morbidity and mortality. CASE: A woman presented with persistent vaginal bleeding for two weeks following surgical uterine evacuation for missed abortion at 7 weeks' gestation. She had a persistently elevated serum human ...
Chen Yi-Jen - - 2002
Laparoscopic bipolar coagulation of uterine vessels (LBCUV) is reported to treat clinically symptomatic myomas that caused severe menorrhagia, but the viability of pregnancy after operation is unknown. A woman with clinically diagnosed uterine myomas, possibly with adenomyosis, had unexpected early pregnancy diagnosed at the time of LBCUV. The procedure resulted ...
De Leo Vincenzo - - 2002
The growth of a uterine leiomyoma growth stops and regresses after the menopause suggesting that leiomyoma growth is dependent on ovarian steroids. Therefore, estrogen has received much attention as the major factor responsible for the development of uterine leiomyomas, but progesterone also plays an important role in development of this ...
Chhabra S - - 2002
This study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram in Central India. In the 12 years between 1989 and 2000 a total of 16 cases of ruptured uterus were managed, the incidence of rupture of the pregnant uterus ...
Di Gregorio A - - 2002
Laparoscopic surgery has gained wide popularity for the treatment of uterine fibroids in women of reproductive age. The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety of the present surgical technique in order to preserve fertility and to achieve a satisfactory uterine repair so as to obtain an uncomplicated, ...
Ero─člu Atilla - - 2002
Spontaneous esophageal perforation is an uncommon finding requiring prompt diagnosis and immediate surgery because of its high mortality rate. Esophageal rupture secondary to severe vomiting in pregnancy is extremely rare and only four cases have been published in the literature. We report the case of a 20-year-old female in whom ...
Uemura H - - 2001
An ultrasound examination in a woman at 9 weeks' gestation demonstrated a gestational sac with a live fetus in the left uterine horn which was surrounded by an extremely thin outer lining. An interstitial pregnancy was suspected and laparoscopy was performed. During laparoscopy the purple bulge in the left horn ...
Kinzler W L - - 2001
Uterine rupture can occur at any time throughout gestation. We present a woman with a previous Cesarean section followed by an abdominal pregnancy. In her next pregnancy, complete uterine rupture resulted in an emergency laparotomy. This case is unique in that it gives insight into the variable presentations of uterine ...
Gray C A - - 2001
All mammalian uteri contain endometrial glands that synthesize or transport and secrete substances essential for survival and development of the conceptus (embryo/fetus and associated extraembryonic membranes). In rodents, uterine secretory products of the endometrial glands are unequivocally required for establishment of uterine receptivity and conceptus implantation. Analyses of the ovine ...
Norwitz E R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Injury to reproductive organs including the uterus is a known complication of ionizing radiation, but the risks to the mother and fetus during subsequent pregnancies are not well defined. CASE: A young woman with a remote history of whole body irradiation for childhood leukemia had uterine rupture at 17 ...
Berghahn L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Misoprostol use is contraindicated in women at term with a history of a uterine scar. There are limited data regarding the use of this drug in the midtrimester. CASE: A 23-year-old woman with two prior cesareans presented at 23 weeks' gestation for pregnancy termination by dilation and evacuation. She ...
Savitski J L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Women with communicating double uterine anomalies are at increased risk for obstetric complications, including early pregnancy loss, preterm delivery, and breech presentation. We present the pregnancy of a woman with a previously diagnosed communicating double uterine anomaly. CASE: An 18-yr-old white female with a previous diagnosis at age 11 ...
Tews G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Inversion of the uterus is still a rare (1, 2) but serious and life-threatening obstetric complication. It is said to be complete when the fundus uteri protrudes through the cervix and into the vagina. Within minutes a state of shock is reached due to pulling forces on the peritoneum ...
Terada Y - - 2001
A 21-year-old-woman had a double uterus with noncommunicating right uterine horn and communicating left uterine horn. The pelvic cavity showed evidence of endometriosis and adhesions from previous laparotomy. A finger was inserted under laparoscopic observation without gas leakage through an iris access port in the lower abdominal wall, which required ...
Dhaliwal G S - - 2001
Endometritis in breeding cattle occurs during the postpartum period, and is associated primarily with contamination of the reproductive tract involving Arcanobacter pyogenes (formerly Actinomyces pyogenes) together with Gram-negative anaerobes. Polymorphonuclear inflammatory cells (PMNs) contribute partly to the defense mechanisms against micro-organisms contaminating the vagina and uterine lumen, whose phagocytic activity ...
Fanchin R - - 2001
The understanding and control of embryo implantation represents the major challenge for assisted reproductive technologies. Along with developments in basic research and efforts to optimize embryo quality, the improvement of noninvasive and reliable methods to assess uterine receptivity constitutes an important step toward meeting such a challenge. Today, ultrasound-based approaches ...
de Ziegler D - - 2001
Recent renewed interest in uterine contractility stems from the possibility of directly visualizing uterine contractility on images generated by high-resolution ultrasound probes. During the menstrual cycle, three typical patterns of uterine contractility have been recognized. During the luteofollicular transition and early follicular phase (menses), the contractile event involves all layers ...
Oyelese Y - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Management of pregnancy in a woman who has had a ruptured uterus on more than one occasion presents a great clinical and ethical challenge to the obstetrician. CASE: This appears to be the first report on complete uterine ruptures in three consecutive pregnancies. CONCLUSION: Prolonged hospital admission, intensive antenatal ...
Xiao D - - 2001
The present study tested the hypothesis that the pregnancy-associated increase in endothelium-dependent relaxation of the uterine artery was mediated primarily by an increase in nitric oxide (NO) release, resulting in a reduction in smooth muscle intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)). Uterine arteries obtained from nonpregnant and near-term (140 days gestation) pregnant ...
Smolders D - - 2002
We report the MRI features of two cases of unicornuate uterus and occluded rudimentary horn. In one patient pregnancy had occurred in the occluded horn, prompting to urgent resection. The second patient illustrates more conventional findings in occluded rudimentary horn. In both cases MRI was able to correctly characterise the ...
Maher C F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Vaginal hysterectomy remains the accepted surgical treatment for women with uterine prolapse. The Manchester repair is favored in women wishing uterine preservation. Vaginal hysterectomy alone fails to address the pathologic cause of the uterine prolapse. The Manchester repair has a high failure rate and may cause difficulty sampling the ...
Benson C B - - 2001
PURPOSE: We assessed the outcome of pregnancies in women with uterine leiomyomas (fibroids) documented by sonography in the first trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: We collected cases of women who had undergone first-trimester sonography and had uterine fibroids and singleton pregnancies with documented fetal heartbeats. We compared pregnancy loss rates and ...
Fanchin R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether uterine contractility at the time of embryo transfer (ET) can be reduced by early onset of luteal support with progesterone administered vaginally. DESIGN: Prospective analysis. SETTING: Assisted reproduction unit. PATIENT(S): Eighty-four women undergoing 84 GnRH-a and FSH/hCG cycles for IVF-ET were studied. INTERVENTION(S): Vaginal progesterone was ...
Oral B - - 2001
Pregnancy in a rudimentary uterine horn is rare and is usually associated with fetal death and serious maternal morbidity and mortality. A case of pregnancy in a rudimentary uterine horn with rupture 14 weeks after last menstrual period and is complicated with placenta accreta is presented. The patient had signs ...
McCulloch N A - - 2001
The Hunterian Collection at the University of Glasgow possesses 11 plaster casts showing the pregnant uterus. Three correspond to Plates I, IV, and VI of Hunter's The Anatomy of the Gravid Uterus Exhibited in Figures (1774), progressive stages of dissection of the same specimen. A further three casts show consecutive ...
Tulandi T - - 2001
A 33-year-old woman was referred for infertility of 5 years' duration. Her history included pregnancy terminations at 6 weeks' gestation in 1992 and at 16 weeks' gestation in 1993. Both abortions were performed by curettage in West Africa. Her menses were every 28 days with normal flow. Due to a ...
Kim S K - - 2001
A 31-year-old woman, with a history of previous cesarean section and right oophorectomy, was admitted for a repeat cesarean section. After the commencement of surgery uterine torsion was diagnosed because of the anterior position of the remaining left ovary and tube, the absence of normal uterovesical peritoneum, and extremely engorged ...
Caponas G - - 2001
The use of nitro-vasodilators for achieving rapid uterine relaxation in the resolution of obstetric emergencies has been documented for nearly 120 years. Glyceryltrinitrate (GTN) is the most commonly used nitro-vasodilator for this purpose, with the presumed mechanism of action being via nitric oxide and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) mediated processes. ...
Goetzl L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between uterine rupture and oxytocin use in trial of labor after cesarean. METHODS: A case-control study was performed. Cases were all women with uterine ruptures who received oxytocin during a trial of labor after a single cesarean delivery within a 12-year period (n = 24). ...
Grimbizis G F - - 2001
Uterine malformations consist of a group of miscellaneous congenital anomalies of the female genital system. Their mean prevalence in the general population and in the population of fertile women is approximately 4.3%, in infertile patients approximately 3.5% and in patients with recurrent pregnancy losses approximately 13%. Septate uterus is the ...
Flemming A F - - 2001
The viviparous African skink, Eumecia anchietae, exhibits a matrotrophic fetal nutritional pattern. Until well after the limb bud stage, extravitelline nutritional provision is in the form of holocrine secretion originating from the stratified uterine epithelium of the uterine incubation chambers. Uterine secretions are absorbed by a specialized yolk sac ectoderm ...
Majewski A C - - 2001
Pregnancy in sheep is associated with changes in numbers of specific T-lymphocyte populations in the uterine endometrium. These changes probably contribute to evasion by the conceptus of maternal immunological rejection and indicate a possible role for T cells in placental growth, parturition and post-parturient uterine defence against infection. The purpose ...
Sparac V - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate histologic structures of intrauterine septa resected hysteroscopically. DESIGN: Prospective, consecutive study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: University-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS: Seventy-six women evaluated for uterine septa and infertility. INTERVENTIONS: All patients with diagnosis of uterine septum detected by transvaginal color Doppler (TVCD) underwent operative hysteroscopy in ...
Shipp T D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To relate interdelivery interval to risk of uterine rupture during a trial of labor after prior cesarean delivery. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of all women who had a trial of labor after cesarean delivery over 12 years (July 1984 to June 1996). Analysis was limited to women ...
Case A M - - 2001
Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) is primarily a disease of women of reproductive age. In most instances, it is cured by surgical evacuation of the uterus, with persistent disease being very sensitive to chemotherapy. Hysterectomy, recommended for persistent chemotherapy-resistant uterine disease, may be unacceptable to the woman who wishes to maintain ...
Persinger M A - - 2001
A logical extrapolation from the principle that structure dictates function is that transient or anomalous experiences are consequences of simultaneous stimulations of proximal brain regions not typically co-activated. In this paper the occasional shifts in gustatory threshold during the menstrual cycle, the craving for unusual tastes experienced by some during ...
Stewart E A - - 2001
Uterine leiomyomas (fibroids or myomas), benign tumours of the human uterus, are the single most common indication for hysterectomy. They are clinically apparent in up to 25% of women and cause significant morbidity, including prolonged or heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pressure or pain, and, in rare cases, reproductive dysfunction. Thus, ...
Kilbourn C L - - 2001
The approach to diagnosis of abnormal uterine bleeding is guided by a sound knowledge of menstrual physiology and differential diagnosis. Often, simple anovulation is the underlying problem, although the possibility of pregnancy, endometrial hyperplasia with atypia, or benign reproductive tract disease must be considered. In the majority of cases, abnormal ...
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