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Liebermann Juergen J Fertility Centers of Illinois, 900 N Kingsbury RW 6, Chicago, IL, 60610, USA, - - 2015
Cryopreservation is one of the keystones in clinical infertility treatment. Especially vitrification has become a well-established and widely used routine procedure that allows important expansion of therapeutic strategies when in vitro fertilization (IVF) is used to treat infertility. Vitrification of human blastocysts allows us to maximize the potential for conception ...
Pandian Radha R KK Women's and Children's Hospital, 100 Bukit Timah Road, Singapore, 229899, Singapore, - - 2014
Cardiac arrest in pregnancy is a rare but catastrophic obstetric emergency, with a quoted incidence of 1:20,000 pregnancies. Speedy multidisciplinary interventions are crucial for good maternal and foetal outcomes. A perimortem caesarean section (PMCS) initiated within 4 min of onset of cardiac arrest to minimise the effect of aortocaval compression on ...
Bove Riley R Harvard Medical School and the Departments of Neurology and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; the Departments of Medical Genetics and Neurology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, the Department of Pediatrics, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, and the Department of Neurology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; and St. Joseph Hospital Neurology Clinic, Ruhr University, Bochum, - - 2014
To examine the evidence guiding management of multiple sclerosis (MS) in reproductive-aged women. We conducted an electronic literature search using PubMed, ClinicalTrials.gov, and other available resources. The following keywords were used: "multiple sclerosis" and "pregnancy." We manually searched the reference lists of identified studies. Two reviewers categorized all studies identified ...
Rabotti Chiara C Electrical Engineering Department, Eindhoven University of Technology, - - 2014
The uterine muscle (the myometrium) plays its most evident role during pregnancy, when quiescence is required for adequate nourishment and development of the fetus, and during labor, when forceful contractions are needed to expel the fetus and the other products of conception. The myometrium is composed of smooth muscle cells. ...
Cozzolino Mauro M Department of Biomedical, Experimental and Clinical Sciences - Division of Obstetric and Gynecology, University of Florence, Florence, - - 2014
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a genetic myocardial disorder characterized by the replacement of myocardium by fibro-adipose tissue. The proper obstetric management of this disease remains unclear due to the lack of an adequate number of cases reported in the literature. We report the successful management of a pregnant ...
Namazy Jennifer A JA Division of Allergy and Immunology, Scripps Clinic , 7565 Mission Valley Road, San Diego, CA 92108 , USA +1 619 245 2922 ; - - 2014
Introduction: Pregnancy may be complicated by new onset or preexisting asthma. Asthma is one of the most common potentially serious medical problems to complicate pregnancy, and it may adversely affect both maternal quality of life and perinatal outcomes. Optimal management of asthma during pregnancy is thus important for both mother ...
Snydal Susan - - 2014
Preeclampsia and eclampsia continue to be major contributors to maternal mortality and morbidity. Lack of appreciation for the multi-organ involvement of preeclampsia, combined with overly rigid criteria for diagnosis, may hinder early diagnosis and appropriate management. Recently, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Task Force on Hypertension in Pregnancy ...
Ahmed Badreldeen B Weill Cornell Medical College, Fetal Medicine Centre , Doha , Qatar - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this review is to discuss the established role of ultrasound (US) in the management of pregnancy complicated by diabetes mellitus (DM), as well as new developments with regard to the use of US in this situation. We choose to explore the role of US in pregnancy ...
Cho Kang Su KS Department of Urology, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Urological Science Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Varicocele is the most common cause of male infertility and is generally correctable or at least improvable by various surgical and radiologic techniques. Therefore, it seems simple and reasonable that varicocele should be treated in infertile men with varicocele. However, the role of varicocele repair for the treatment of subfertile ...
Valent Amy M AM Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Cincinnati School of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH. Electronic address: - - 2014
We sought to compare maternal and neonatal outcomes of expectantly managed pregnancies complicated by chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia vs mild preeclampsia up to 37 weeks of gestation. This was a multicenter retrospective cohort study of all pregnancies complicated by chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia or mild preeclampsia expectantly managed ...
Betts Debra D 1 The National Institute of Complementary Medicine, University of Western Sydney , Penrith, Australia - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To explore how contraindications to the use of acupuncture during pregnancy are managed in clinical practice. Design: Acupuncturists' views on their management of threatened miscarriage were sought by using a mixed-methods design involving a self-completed questionnaire and semi-structured interviews. An online survey was distributed through the Australian and ...
Ko Jennifer K Y JK Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Queen Mary Hospital, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, - - 2014
To review the management and outcome of all women with caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) at a single centre. A retrospective review of women diagnosed with CSP between January 2004 and December 2013 was performed. Women were identified from the admission and Early Pregnancy Assessment Clinic records. Twenty-two cases of CSP ...
Inoue Seiji S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, - - 2014
Transarterial embolisation (TAE) has been attracting attention as a treatment option for post-partum haemorrhage (PPH). We investigated cases in which TAE was performed for PPH to determine the efficacy of TAE for the treatment of PPH and its impact on subsequent pregnancies and childbirth in a multi-institutional case-series study. A ...
Kortekaas Joep C - - 2014
Post-term pregnancy, a pregnancy exceeding 294 days or 42 completed weeks, is associated with increased perinatal morbidity and mortality and is considered a high-risk condition which requires specialist surveillance and induction of labour. However, there is uncertainty on the policy concerning the timing of induction for post-term pregnancy or impending ...
Benhalima Katrien K Department of Endocrinology, UZ Gasthuisberg, KU Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Gestational diabetes (GDM) is a frequent medical condition during pregnancy. It is associated with an increased risk of complications for both the mother and the baby during pregnancy and post partum. The International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) has proposed a new screening strategy for overt diabetes ...
Duarte Alexander G AG Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, - - 2014
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is an uncommon condition in pregnant patients. The causes of ARDS are associated with obstetric causes such as amniotic fluid embolism, preeclampsia, septic abortion, and retained products of conception or nonobstetric causes that include sepsis, aspiration pneumonitis, influenza pneumonia, blood transfusions, and trauma. An essential ...
Yap Shui-Jean SJ King Edward Memorial Hospital, Subiaco, Western Australia, - - 2014
An anonymous questionnaire-based survey was used to determine current practices and opinions of senior health professionals working in Western Australian (WA) hospitals performing gynaecological procedures, regarding the routine use of histopathology for products of conception (POC) obtained either from the surgical management of miscarriage or termination of pregnancy. Sixty-one senior ...
Clark Shannon M SM Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Blvd., Galveston, TX 77555. Electronic address: - - 2014
With 50-90% of pregnant women experiencing nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), the burden of illness can become quite significant if symptoms are under-treated and/or under-diagnosed, thus allowing for progression of the disease. The majority of these women will necessitate at least one visit with a provider to specifically address ...
Thabah Molly M Department of Medicine, JIPMER, Puducherry, - - 2014
Physiological changes during normal pregnancy are likely to give rise to musculoskeletal symptoms. On the other hand, autoimmune rheumatological diseases disproportionately affect women, often presenting during the childbearing years and sometimes during pregnancy. Contrary to autoimmune rheumatological diseases, the management of non-autoimmune musculoskeletal manifestations is generally conservative and often tends ...
Hamad Nada N Department of Haematology, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, Sydney, NSW, Australia; Kolling Institute, University of Sydney, St Leonards, Sydney, NSW, Australia; Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia Australian Research Consortium (CLLARC), Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) occurs rarely with pregnancy and monoclonal B-Lymphocytosis (MBL) has not previously been described in this setting. CLL is predominantly a disease of the elderly and affects men twice as often as women and hence only an estimated 2% of patients are females of childbearing age. We ...
Masselli Gabriele G Department Radiology, Università di Roma Sapienza, Viale del Policlinico 155, Rome, 00161, Italy, - - 2014
Renal colic is the most frequent nonobstetric cause for abdominal pain and subsequent hospitalization during pregnancy. The physio-anatomical changes in the urinary tract and the presence of the fetus may complicate the clinical presentation and management of nephrolithiasis. Ultrasound (US) is the primary radiological investigation of choice. Magnetic resonance urography ...
Murphy Niamh C - - 2014
The management of emergencies in Jehovah's Witnesses presents several challenges to obstetricians and gynaecologists. We present two cases of ectopic pregnancies in Jehovah's Witnesses recently managed in our institution. This is the first case review series of its kind that we could identify. We feel it is of clinical importance ...
Simopoulou Maria M Department of Physiology, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece - - 2014
This review addresses issues regarding the need in the in vitro fertilization (IVF) field for further predictive markers enhancing the standing embryo selection criteria. It aims to serve as a source of defining information for an audience interested in factors related to the wide range of multiple roles played by ...
Bedaiwy Mohamed A - - 2014
The laparoscopic management of tubal pregnancy component of a heterotopic pregnancy was conducted via multiport approach. In this report we describe a new technique using a single port approach with long-term follow-up. A 27-year-old woman, G4P1031, presented with a heterotopic pregnancy after 2 years of infertility treatment. She underwent multiple ...
Babu Anindita Sinha AS Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, College of Medicine and Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Hospital , WBUHS, Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal, India - - 2014
Ectopic pregnancy is one of the most common life threatening complications in the first trimester of pregnancy having significant adverse effects on future pregnancy outcome, particularly if salpingectomy is used as the modality of treatment. So medical management is now advocated. For that, cases need to be diagnosed at an ...
Stockton M C MC University of Nebraska West Central Research and Extension Center, North Platte, Nebraska, 69101 - - 2014
Understanding the biology of heifer maturity and its relationship to calving difficulty and subsequent breeding success is a vital step in building a bio-economic model to identify optimal production and profitability. A limited dependent variable probit model is used to quantify the responses among heifer maturities, measured by a maturity ...
Fakih Souhiela S Centre for Medicine Use and Safety, Monash University, Clayton, - - 2014
With the increase in the overweight and obese population, it is critical that pharmacy staff are able to provide weight management advice to women at different stages of their life. This study utilized case vignettes to identify pharmacists' and pharmacy assistants' current weight management recommendations to women of different ages, ...
Gonzalez-Fiol Antonio A Department of Anesthesiology, Rutgers University School of Medicine, Newark, NJ. Electronic address: - - 2014
Coagulation is an organized and well-orchestrated process that depends on the intrinsic balance between procoagulants, anticoagulants, and fibrinolytic systems. During pregnancy, this balance is affected in various ways and becomes more critical due to the physiologic changes and obligate hemorrhage after delivery. In some instances, this equilibrium will be disrupted. ...
Lassi Zohra S - - 2014
The statistics related to pregnancy and its outcomes are staggering: annually, an estimated 250000-280000 women die during childbirth. Unfortunately, a large number of women receive little or no care during or before pregnancy. At a period of critical vulnerability, interventions can be effectively delivered to improve the health of women ...
Matson Brooke C BC Departments of Cell Biology & Physiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2014
The immunology of pregnancy is complex and incompletely understood. Aberrant immune activity in the decidua and in the placenta is believed to play a role in diseases of pregnancy, such as infertility, miscarriage, fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia. Here, we briefly review the endocrine control of uterine natural killer cell ...
Requena Pilar P Barcelona Centre for International Health Research, Hospital Clinic-University of Barcelona, 08036 Barcelona, Spain; - - 2014
Pregnancy triggers immunological changes aimed to tolerate the fetus, but its impact on B lymphocytes is poorly understood. In addition, exposure to the Plasmodium parasite is associated with altered distribution of peripheral memory B cell (MBC) subsets. To study the combined impact of high malaria exposure and pregnancy in B ...
Morisaki Shintaro S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the effect of labor on plasma concentrations of cell-free, pregnancy-associated, placenta-specific microRNAs before and after delivery. In the non-labor group (32 women), cesarean section (C/S) was performed before the beginning of labor. In the labor group (32 women), C/S was performed after the beginning of ...
Li Han - - 2014
Given the angiogenic function of vascular endothelial growth factor A (Vegfa), the function of its expression by trophoblast in the avascular placental junctional zone is unknown. In mice, cells from the trophoblast specific protein alpha (Tpbpa) lineage populate this zone and in late gestation some of these cells invade the ...
Unzaga J M JM Laboratorio de Inmunoparasitología, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, 60 y 118 (1900) La Plata, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aims of this study were to identify the occurrence of T. gondii and N. caninum abortions in goats from Argentina by serological, macroscopical and microscopical examination and bioassay, and to characterize the obtained isolates by molecular techniques. For this purpose, 25 caprine fetal fluids, 18 caprine fetal brains and ...
Falcón Cristian Roberto CR Centro de Investigaciones en Bioquímica Clínica e Inmunología (CIBICI-CONICET), Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Haya de la Torre y Medina Allende, Ciudad Universitaria, Córdoba, - - 2014
The contribution of Pregnancy-specific glycoproteins (PSG), the major variant of PSG released into the circulation during pregnancy, to the pregnancy-dependent improvement of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has still not been elucidated. Collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) was used to test the hypothesis that PSG1a when released into circulation has a modulatory role on ...
Ucar Ahmet A Wellcome Trust Centre for Cell-Matrix Research, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, - - 2014
Pregnancy induces a rapid and controlled expansion of mammary stem cells. In this issue of Developmental Cell, Desgrosellier et al. (2014) show that β3-integrin is required downstream of hormonal signaling and TGFβ2 to regulate mammary stem cell number and alveolar development specifically during early pregnancy.
Desgrosellier Jay S JS Department of Pathology, Moores UCSD Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although integrin αvβ3 is linked to cancer progression, its role in epithelial development is unclear. Here, we show that αvβ3 plays a critical role in adult mammary stem cells (MaSCs) during pregnancy. Whereas αvβ3 is a luminal progenitor marker in the virgin gland, we noted increased αvβ3 expression in MaSCs at midpregnancy. ...
Stilley Julie A W - - 2014
Expression and function of the follicle stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) in females were long thought to be limited to the ovary. Here though we identify extra-gonadal FSHR in both the human female reproductive tract and the placenta, and test its physiological relevance in mice. We show that in non-pregnant women ...
Ying Wei W Department of Animal Science, TX A&M University, TX, USA, - - 2014
Uteroferrin (UF) is a progesterone-induced acid phosphatase produced by uterine glandular epithelia in mammals during pregnancy and targeted to sites of hematopoiesis throughout pregnancy. The expression pattern of UF is coordinated with early fetal hematopoietic development in the yolk sac and then liver, spleen and bone to prevent anemia in ...
Fonseca B M BM Laboratório de Bioquímica, Departamento Ciências Biológicas, Faculdade de Farmácia da Universidade do Porto - Ciências Biológicas, Rua de Jorge Viterbo Ferreira no. 228, 4050-313, Porto, - - 2014
During rat pregnancy, some of the foetoplacental units undergo complete spontaneous resorption while the adjacent units remain unaffected. In an attempt to clarify the mechanisms implicated in this spontaneous resorption, implantation units from days 14 and 16 of pregnancy were examined. The number of implantation sites and resorption units was ...
Vaswani Pooja Rajesh PR Specialist, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Madinat Zayed Hospital , Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates - - 2014
Ectopic pregnancy is the most common cause of pregnancy related deaths in the first trimester of pregnancy. Advances in laboratory and imaging technologies in last few decades allow an early diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy, many times even before the patient develops any symptoms. Consequently in many such patients surgery is ...
Dutta Sudipta - - 2014
Primordial follicle assembly is essential for reproduction in mammalian females. Oocytes develop in germ cell cysts that in late fetal development begin break down into individual oocytes and become surrounded by pregranulosa cells forming primordial follicles. As they separate, many oocytes are lost by apoptosis. Exposure to steroid hormones delays ...
Lima Patricia DA PD Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, The Ottawa Hospital General Campus, Critical Care Wing, Ottawa, ON, - - 2014
Successful pregnancy and long-term, post-natal maternal and offspring cardiac, vascular and metabolic health require key maternal cardiovascular adaptations over gestation. Within the pregnant decidualizing uterus, coordinated vascular, immunological and stromal cell changes occur. Considerable attention has been given to the roles of uterine natural killer (uNK) cells in initiating decidual ...
Braun Thorsten T Division of Experimental Obstetrics, Department of Obstetrics, Study Group Perinatal Programming, Campus Virchow, Berlin, Germany - - 2014
Glucocorticoid treatment given in late pregnancy in sheep resulted in altered placental development and function. An imbalance of placental survival and apoptotic factors resulting in an increased rate of apoptosis may be involved. We have now investigated the effects of dexamethasone (DEX) in early pregnancy on binucleate cells (BNCs), placental ...
Beaman Kenneth D - - 2014
In recent years, our understanding of how the immune system interacts with the developing fetus and placenta has greatly expanded. There are many laboratories that provide tests for diagnosis of pregnancy outcome in women who have recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) or pre-eclampsia. These tests are based on the premise that ...
Fénichel Patrick P Department of Reproductive Endocrinology, University Hospital of Nice, - - 2014
Context: Persistent secretion of βHCG in the absence of an ongoing or recent pregnancy or no persistent uterine gestational disease, is a rare but challenging situation which demands to locate the extra-uterine secreting tumour and to distinguish between extra-gestational choriocarcinoma and gestational trophoblastic neoplasms. Case Presentation: An unexplained persistent extra-gestational ...
Bazzano Marilena M Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Messina, Polo Universitario dell'Annunziata, 98168 Messina, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to assess changes in some haematological parameters of periparturient mares from the last three months of pregnancy until the third week after foaling. The study was carried out on 15 healthy pregnant mares (Group A) and 7 healthy non-pregnant non-lactating mares (Group B). Blood ...
Fu Binqing B 1] Institute of Immunology, School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China [2] Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, Hefei, - - 2014
T helper 17 (TH17) cells have been identified as a new lineage of helper T cells and have been shown to be important in host defense against extracellular infectious agents, autoimmune disease and chronic inflammatory diseases. Recently, TH17 cells have also been shown to participate in successful pregnancy, as well ...
Rajagopalan Sumati - - 2014
The uterus in early pregnancy is a non-lymphoid organ that is enriched in natural killer (NK) cells. Studies to address the role of these abundant human NK cells at the maternal/fetal interface have focused on their response to the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules on fetal trophoblast cells that they ...
Tarquini F F Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Perugia , Perugia , - - 2014
CffDNA, from 344 non-smoking, 38 smoking and 33 ex-smoking pregnant women at 11 (+ 0)-13 (+ 6) gestational weeks, was extracted and quantified by the multicopy DYS14, as the fetal DNA marker and using the quantitative real-time PCR 7300 detection system. The smoking habit was based on maternal self-report, confirmed ...
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