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Results 401 - 450 of 1371
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Tranquilli Andrea L - - 2012
Abstract Although central to the cardinal movements that lead to the delivery of the fetus, the second stage of labor is often neglected from a cultural and clinical viewpoint. In this phase, acquisition is more difficult, and reading and interpretation may not be the same as in the active first ...
Schwake D - - 2012
Our objective was to examine the feasibility of reverse breech extraction to disengage fetal head from the pelvis at second stage caesarean section (CS). A total of 50 consecutive women with singleton term pregnancies undergoing urgent CS at second stage were retrospectively evaluated. A total of 29 were delivered by ...
de Ziegler Dominique - - 2012
It has been two decades since pregnancies have been obtained through in vitro maturation (IVM) of germinal vesicle-stage oocytes retrieved from non-stimulated ovaries. This technique first offered in PCOS cannot be recommended today in this indication because the results do not match those of regular ART, and new GnRH antagonist and ...
Chandra Surabhi - - 2012
Pregnancy is a state characterized by many physiological hematological changes, which may appear to be pathological in the non-pregnant state. The review highlights most of these changes along with the scientific basis for the same, as per the current knowledge, with a special reference to the red blood and white ...
Papantoniou Nikos - - 2012
Abstract Fetal anemia, mainly due to red cell alloimmunization, is still a significant cause of fetal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. The focus of current clinical research has shifted from an invasive approach to non-invasive management and treatment of affected pregnancies, and the progress in this field is associated with ...
Frey Heather A - - 2012
Objective To estimate maternal, neonatal, and labor outcomes associated with delayed pushing.Study Design A retrospective cohort study of all consecutive women admitted to a single institution in labor at term who reached the second stage of labor. Pregnancies with multiple fetuses or major anomalies were excluded. Delayed pushing was defined ...
Torkildsen Erik A - - 2012
Objective. To examine how well ultrasound assessed occipitoposterior (OP) position or high sagittal (HS) position in primiparous women with a prolonged first stage of labor predicts a vaginal delivery and the duration of labor. Design. Prospective observational study. Setting. Stavanger University Hospital, a secondary referral center in Norway. Population. 105 ...
Piccoli Barbara Giorgina - - 2012
BackgroundChronic kidney disease (CKD) has a high prevalence in pregnancy. In a period of cost constraints, there is the need for identification of the risk pattern and for follow-up.MethodsPatients were staged according to K-DOQI guidelines. The analysis was prospective, January 2000-June 2011. Two hundred and forty-nine pregnancies were observed in ...
Pritchard Stephanie - - 2012
During pregnancy, fetal cells cross into the maternal organs where they reside postpartum. Evidence from multiple laboratories suggests that these microchimeric fetal cells contribute to maternal tissue repair after injury. In mouse models, most injury experiments are performed during pregnancy; however, in a clinical setting most injuries or diseases occur ...
Saadai Payam - - 2012
Maternal-fetal cellular trafficking (MFCT) during pregnancy leads to the presence of maternal cells in the fetus and of fetal cells in the mother. Since this process may be altered in cases of pregnancy complications, we asked whether open fetal surgery leads to changes in microchimerism levels. We analyzed maternal and ...
Reinhard Joscha - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the fetal heart rate (FHR) signal quality of non-invasive abdominal fetal electrocardiogram (fECG) in comparison to the Doppler ultrasound cardiotocogram (CTG) during the first and second stage of labour. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective observational study of non-invasive fECG using ...
Ouzounian Joseph G - - 2012
The major adaptations of the maternal cardiovascular system that progress throughout gestation may unmask previously unrecognized heart disease and result in significant morbidity and mortality. Most of these changes are almost fully reversed in the weeks and months after delivery. Hemodynamic changes during pregnancy include increased blood volume, cardiac output ...
Valle Marcello - - 2012
The role of cryopreservation in assisted reproductive technology programs has increased within the last years allowing the transfer of a limited number of embryos and the storage of the remaining for future use. The reduction in the number of transferred embryos decreases the frequency of multiple pregnancy rates and of ...
Siniza Swetlana S Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin, - - 2012
This study provides a contribution to the reconstruction of the eulipotyphlan placental morphotype and also may help resolving a long-standing conflict about the interhaemal barrier in moles. As detailed descriptions of talpid placentation, only available for Talpa europaea and Scalopus aquaticus, led to a controversial debate on the nature of ...
Stout Tae - - 2012
During the past 15 years, embryo transfer (ET) has become increasingly widespread within the sport-horse breeding industry. At present, however, the vast majority (>95%) of horse embryos are transferred fresh or after chilled storage for up to 24 h, whereas cryopreservation is rarely employed despite its obvious potential for simplifying recipient mare ...
Kumtepe Yakup - - 2012
A 36-year-old para 2 woman with Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) stage III anterior prolapse and stress urinary incontinence (SUI) was treated using Polypropylene monofilament anterior vaginal mesh kit. She conceived 3 months after mesh replacement. During pregnancy and after delivery, patient satisfaction was achieved in terms of symptom relief, and ...
Pinborg Anja - - 2012
Worldwide freezing and thawing of embryos has been increasingly used since the first infant was born as a result of this technique in 1984. The use of frozen embryo replacement (FER) currently even exceeds the number of fresh cycles performed in some countries. This article discusses the pros and cons ...
Hanazawa K - - 2012
A novel, minimally invasive, transabdominal embryo collection method (transabdominal method) was developed as an alternative to a standard abdominal incision for embryo collection in the common marmoset. The abdominal incision method was used for 304 flushes using 36 female animals, whereas the transabdominal method was used for 488 flushes using ...
Yoldemir Tevfik - - 2012
Objective: To determine whether older women with a poor response to follicular stimulation achieve pregnancy results that are comparable to those of younger poor responders. Methods: Two hundred five women undergoing in vitro fertilization treatment at the Fertility Unit in the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital in Sydney, Australia were selected ...
Sepulveda Waldo - - 2012
The purpose of this report is to describe the prenatal sonographic findings in fetuses with hydranencephaly diagnosed during the early stages of disease. Four cases with characteristics of hydranencephaly were retrospectively identified from 2 Latin American fetal medicine referral centers. Information on maternal demographics, sonographic findings, antenatal courses, and pregnancy ...
Ishimaru Tomohiro - - 2012
Pregnancy-induced hypertension or pre-eclampsia is a major disorder that may result in serious complications for the mother and fetus. It is characterized from maternal hypertension in late pregnancy and peripheral tissue damage, including kidney, heart and placenta, and the fetus suffers from intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and high perinatal mortality. ...
McDonald Birgitte I - - 2012
Abstract Life-history theory predicts that selection will favor optimal levels of parental effort that balance benefits of current reproduction with costs to survival and future reproduction. The optimal level of effort depends on parental traits, offspring traits, and provisioning strategy. Additionally, how these factors influence effort may differ depending on ...
Eftekhar Maryam - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to compare the transfer of embryos that are cryopreserved in cleavage stage after thawing with the transfer of embryos after thawing and culture in sequential media until blastocyst formation. METHODS: In this prospective clinical study, we have evaluated 134 cycles of ART treatment ...
Shi Wenhao - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety of vitrification of embryos by comparing the perinatal outcome of vitrified day 3 ETs with fresh cleavage-stage ETs. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Assisted reproduction center. PATIENT(S): A total of 806 women with 494 infants delivered were included. INTERVENTION(S): Supernumerary embryos and embryos of patients at ...
Sembon S - - 2012
In livestock, parthenogenic embryos are simple to produce, but androgenetic embryos have been successfully produced only in sheep and cows. In the present study, matured porcine oocytes were enucleated by micromanipulation and then fertilized with sperm in vitro, thereby producing porcine androgenetic embryos. Porcine androgenetic embryos, which had only sperm ...
Kovacs Peter - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Embryo transfer (ET) is an important last step during the process of IVF. Over the years much has been learned about the importance of the details of this procedure including the potential impact of transfer depth on outcome. The objective of our study was to evaluate whether transfer depth ...
Stylianou Christos - - 2012
This study aims to provide a first evaluation of the morphological embryo grading scheme proposed in the British Fertility Society and Association of Clinical Embryologist joint guidelines for elective single embryo transfer. Pregnancy data were obtained from a cohort of patients treated at St. Mary's Hospital in Manchester, UK, between ...
Chen Man-Ling - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate simultaneous laparoscopy in endometriotic women with infertility undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). Forty-seven infertile patients with endometriosis were enrolled in this retrospective study and underwent IVF cycles in a university affiliated hospital. The chemical pregnancy, clinical pregnancy and live birth rates were statistically ...
Dunkel Schetter Christine C Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095-1563, USA. - - 2012
To briefly review results of the latest research on the contributions of depression, anxiety, and stress exposures in pregnancy to adverse maternal and child outcomes, and to direct attention to new findings on pregnancy anxiety, a potent maternal risk factor. Anxiety, depression, and stress in pregnancy are risk factors for ...
McGready Rose R Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, PO Box 46, Mae Sot Tak 63110 Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, - - 2012
To determine if reported lower plasma concentrations of artemisinin derivatives for malaria in pregnancy result from reduced oral bioavailability, expanded volume of distribution or increased clearance. In a sequentially assigned crossover treatment study, pregnant women with uncomplicated falciparum malaria received i.v. artesunate (i.v. ARS) (4mgkg(-1) ) on the first day ...
Opøien Hans Kristian - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess success rates of IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection in women with various stages of endometriosis. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Reproductive medicine unit in a university hospital. PATIENT(S): Infertile women (n = 2,245) with various stages of endometriosis or tubal factor infertility. INTERVENTION(S): IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm ...
Brenner Benjamin - - 2012
Haematological cancer in pregnancy, although rare, poses a substantial risk to both mother and fetus. Hodgkin's lymphoma is the most common, followed by non-Hodgkin lymphoma and acute leukaemia. Diagnosis of haematological cancers is challenged by an overlap of the disease and gestation-related symptoms and limitations of imaging studies in pregnancy. ...
Morice Philippe - - 2012
Cervical and ovarian cancers are the most common gynaecological cancers diagnosed during pregnancy. In early-stage cervical cancer during the first and at the beginning of the second trimester, the two main considerations for management of the patient are the tumour size (and stage) and nodal staging. MRI and laparoscopic lymphadenectomy ...
Nguyen Cheri P - - 2012
It is not uncommon to encounter situations in which radiologic examinations are necessary for accurate diagnosis and effective treatment of an expectant mother. The potential deleterious health consequences to the developing embryo and fetus from in utero irradiation include fetal death, congenital malformations, growth retardation, and carcinogenic and mutagenic effects. ...
Alvis Jeffrey S - - 2012
Neurologic complications and conditions associated with pregnancy are rare. Frequently, presenting symptoms of neurologic conditions are nonspecific and can overlap with normal symptoms of pregnancy. As a result, clinical assessment can be insufficient to differentiate symptoms of a normal pregnancy from a neurologic disorder. It is imperative that the radiologist ...
Sermondade Nathalie - - 2012
Some patients in IVF programmes repeatedly display an abnormal embryonic development characterized as soon as day 2 post fertilization by a high rate (>60%) of highly fragmented embryos (⩾40% of cytoplasmic fragments) leading to recurrent IVF failures. This study postulated that, for various maternal reasons, some embryos were unable to ...
Xu Jin - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acupuncture has a growing clientele during pregnancy, delivery and the puerperium for an ever increasing list of indications. Objective evidence for its benefit is necessary to establish its roles in current practice. RECENT FINDINGS: For many of the current uses, randomized studies when conducted using at least ...
Majithia Raj - - 2012
Symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD or GERD) are estimated to occur in 30-50% of pregnancies, with the incidence approaching 80% in some populations. As with many other conditions in pregnancy, medical therapy with pharmaceutical agents is a concern, as the potential teratogenicity of medications is not well known. Although ...
Soede N M - - 2012
Three intermittent suckling (IS) regimes were evaluated for their effects on lactational oestrus and subsequent fertility. Control sows were weaned (CW; n=38) at d 26±2 of lactation. In IS19-7D (n=40) and IS19-14D (n=42) sows, IS started at d 19±1 of lactation and sows were weaned 7 or 14d later. In ...
Rajakumar Augustine A Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2012
The cardinal manifestations of the pregnancy-specific disorder preeclampsia, new-onset hypertension, and proteinuria that resolve with placental delivery have been linked to an extracellular protein made by the placenta, soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1), that injures the maternal vasculature. However, the mechanisms by which sFlt1, which is heavily matrix bound, ...
Redman C W G CW Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, - - 2012
A variety of 'debris' is shed from the syncytial surface of the human placenta ranging from large deported multinuclear fragments to sub-cellular components. It is increasingly clear that at least some of this material has signalling functions. Many categories of circulating debris are increased in pre-eclampsia, and exhibit proteins that ...
Collins S L - - 2012
Up to 3% of UK pregnancies will be affected by congenital abnormality. Prenatal diagnosis allows the parents to make informed decisions about their pregnancy, healthcare professionals to optimise the antenatal care and families prepare for the birth of the baby. There are many techniques employed which range from the non-invasive ...
Digiulio Mary - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Hydatidiform mole (often referred to as molar pregnancy) is the most common disorder in a category of pathologies known as Gestational Trophoblastic Diseases that are associated with abnormal fertilization in pregnancy. Current practices in screening and monitoring during early pregnancy allow for better identification of hydatidiform mole, sometimes prior ...
de Rosnay P - - 2012
Calculating rates of ectopic pregnancy in a reliable and reproducible way can be challenging. To date, there is no consensus as to which denominators to use but the authors suggest using the total number of deliveries as a benchmark. In many developing countries where ectopic pregnancy is a major cause ...
Bello Shaibu O - - 2012
Robust evidence of the bioeffects of ultrasound is available from animal studies but human studies are less convincing. Nevertheless, it is disturbing that the only response to safety issues is a twenty-year old principle known as ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Applicable). Using experience from obstetrics and toxicology, and drawing ...
Naik Rakhi P - - 2012
Pregnancy poses a unique challenge to patients with sickle cell disease and β-thalassemia, who often have exacerbations of hemolysis or anemia during the gestational period, experience higher rates of obstetric and fetal complications, and may have distinct underlying comorbidities related to vasculopathy and iron overload that can endanger maternal health. ...
Thabet Ashraf - - 2012
Complications of pregnancy, whether they occur during gestation or postpartum, often pose complex challenges because they affect two patients (mother and fetus or infant) and because both short- and long-term outcomes must be considered in management decision making. Interventional radiologists play a critical role in treating complications such as ectopic ...
Perez Cesar A - - 2012
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) rarely presents during pregnancy and primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMLBCL) accounts for approximately 2.5% of patients with NHL. The case of a 22-year-old woman who was diagnosed with Stage IIA PMLBCL during week 13 of her intrauterine pregnancy is described. The staging consisted in computed tomography ...
Tirado-González Irene - - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. e46755 in vol. 7.].
Gingelmaier A - - 2012
Background: To describe the findings of a German HIV-pregnancy cohort. To investigate factors associated with pregnancy complications and outcomes in HIV-infected women. Methods: Retrospective analysis of HIV pregnancies from 2008 to 2010 in six German outpatient clinics specialized in HIV care. Results: 230 mother-child pairs were included in the evaluation. ...
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