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Results 301 - 350 of 1385
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Cristofolini A - - 2013
The mechanisms that regulate the apoptosis are essential to the normal development and maintenance of homoeostasis and play an important role in placental development in mammals. During porcine pregnancy, there must be a proper cellular remodelling to achieve a normal gestational development. Knowledge of pig physiology during pregnancy will explore ...
Yin Lei - - 2013
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) during pregnancy is rare. We present a case of retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for RCC in a 32-year-old pregnant female. The tumor was excised en bloc. Retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy appears to be a feasible and safe treatment option for RCC in pregnancy.
Tower Clare - - 2013
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic multisystem autoimmune disorder that predominantly affects women of reproductive age. As clinical outcomes improve, pregnancy in these women is becoming more common. Although epidemiological data have documented an improvement in the prognosis of pregnancy in these women over recent years, they are still ...
Schumacher Anne - - 2013
Normal pregnancy is characterized by an early expansion of regulatory T cells (Tregs), which is known to contribute to fetal tolerance. However, mechanisms and factors behind Treg expansion are not yet defined. Recently, we proposed that the pregnancy hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) efficiently attracts human Tregs to trophoblasts, favoring ...
Linscheid Caitlin C Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, - - 2013
The tolerance of the semiallogeneic fetus by the maternal immune system is an important area of research for understanding how the maternal and fetal systems interact during pregnancy to ensure a successful outcome. Several lines of research reveal that the maternal immune system can recognize and respond to fetal minor ...
Quinn Kristen H - - 2013
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been identified as immunomodulatory cells, which induce tolerance. Evidence from numerous recent studies implicates these cells as critical for maternal tolerance to the fetal-derived placenta, proper functioning of which is required for normal gestation and growth and development of the fetus in utero. This review ...
Guxens Mònica - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A previous study found an association between maternal cell phone use during pregnancy and maternal-reported child behaviour problems at age 7. Together with cell phones, cordless phones represent the main exposure source of radiofrequency-electromagnetic fields to the head. Therefore, we assessed the association between maternal cell phone and cordless ...
Ciulla Michele M - - 2013
Aim: Pregnancy is characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy that is potentially accounted for by cardiomyocyte proliferation, although no such evidence is currently available. This study investigates if the left ventricular mass (LVM) increase during pregnancy implies cell hyperplasia. Materials & methods: In nonpregnant and late-pregnant rats, cardiac function and LVM ...
Langlois Sylvie - - 2013
Objective: To provide a review of published studies on the use of cell-free fetal DNA in maternal plasma for the non-invasive diagnosis of Down syndrome, trisomy 18, and trisomy 13. Evidence: PubMed was searched for articles published between 2006 and October 2012, using appropriate key words (e.g., non-invasive prenatal diagnosis, ...
Kumar P Uday - - 2013
Background & objectives: Maternal undernutrition and hyperglycaemia during pregnancy, as well as foetal undernutrition affecting the development of foetal endocrine pancreas structure and function, especially that of β-cells is well known. This study was undertaken to look into the changes in pancreatic islets morphology of aborted normal human foetuses (16-20 ...
Nguyen T G TG Perinatal Research, Kolling Institute of Medical Research, North Shore Hospital, Sydney, Australia. - - 2013
Maternal immune responses during pregnancy are critical in programming the future health of a newborn. The maternal immune system is required to accommodate fetal immune tolerance as well as to provide a protective defence against infections for the immunocompromised mother and her baby during gestation and lactation. Natural immunity and ...
Nijagal Amar A Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regeneration Medicine and Stem Cell Research and The Fetal Treatment Center, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143-0570, - - 2013
Maternal-fetal cellular trafficking (MFCT) is the bidirectional passage of cells that results in the presence of fetal cells in the mother and maternal cells in the fetus. This naturally occurring biological phenomenon has been implicated in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases in both mothers and children. However, MFCT may also ...
Gebeh Alpha K AK Endocannabinoid Research Group, Reproductive Sciences Section, Department of Cancer Studies and Molecular Medicine, University of Leicester, Leicester Royal Infirmary, University of Leicester, Leicester LE2 7LX, United - - 2013
Studies from knockout mice suggest that perturbations in oviductal endocannabinoid levels, endocannabinoid receptors, or endocannabinoid degrading enzyme [fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH)] expression result in infertility secondary to physical trapping of embryos. Similar observations have been made in ectopic pregnant women together with a suggestion that the endocannabinoid receptor gene ...
Pal Bhupinder - - 2013
The mammary epithelium is a dynamic, highly hormone-responsive tissue. To explore chromatin modifications underlying its lineage specification and hormone responsiveness, we determined genome-wide histone methylation profiles of mammary epithelial subpopulations in different states. The marked differences in H3K27 trimethylation between subpopulations in the adult gland suggest that epithelial cell-fate decisions ...
Muzzio Damián - - 2013
B lymphocytes are pleiotropic cells belonging to the adaptive arm of the immune system. Although B cells were classically regarded for their capacity to produce antibodies, in the recent years, several other functions were attributed to these cells. B cells can uptake, process and present antigens as well as produce ...
Tetz Lauren M LM Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2029, USA. - - 2013
Di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) is an environmental contaminant commonly used as a plasticizer in polyvinyl chloride products. Exposure to DEHP has been linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes in humans including preterm birth, low birth-weight, and pregnancy loss. Although oxidative stress is linked to the pathology of adverse pregnancy outcomes, effects of ...
Mutinati M - - 2013
During physiological pregnancy, all tissues and, mostly, placenta and foetus require high amounts of oxygen. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), generated both by mother and foetus, are implicated in foetal growth because they promote replication, differentiation and maturation of cells and organs. Nevertheless, ROS excess, if not properly counterbalanced, may lead ...
Amiel Aliza - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Senescence has been described as a stable cell proliferation arrest resulting from the progression of primary human fibroblasts through a finite number of population doublings in vitro. Accelerated telomere shortening was observed in pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), in placentas of diabetic mothers, and trisomy 21 ...
Madu Anthony Emeka - - 2013
Abstract Feto-maternal transfusion or haemorrhage (FMT) occurs when there is the entry of fetal blood into the maternal circulation in pregnancy or during delivery. It has been stated that very small amount of fetal red cells are normally detectable in maternal circulation in all pregnancies. However, massive FMT is rare ...
Valdés Gloria - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In humans, trophoblast invasion, vascular remodeling and placental development are critical to determine the fate of pregnancy. Since guinea-pigs (GP) and humans share common pregnancy features including extensive trophoblast invasion, transformation of the uterine spiral arteries and a haemomonochorial placenta, the GP animal model was deemed suitable to ...
Havemann Dara D Department of Obstetrics, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, Texas 77555-1062, - - 2013
Intermedin (IMD) is a novel peptide expressed in trophoblast cells in human placenta and enhances the invasion, migration, and human leukocyte antigen class I, G (HLA-G) expression in first-trimester HTR-8SV/neo cells. We recently reported that infusion of IMD antagonist in pregnant rats is detrimental to pregnancy outcome, resulting in impaired ...
Nissi Ritva - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Trophoblast cell (CTB) invasion into the maternal endometrium plays a crucial role during human embryo implantation and placentation. This invasion is facilitated by the activity of matrix metalloproteinases, which are regulated by tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs). METHODS: This study compares the serum levels of MMP-9, MMP-2/TIMP-2 complex, ...
Kowalewski Mariusz Pawel - - 2013
The luteal phase in dogs is governed by many, poorly-understood regulatory mechanisms. Functioning of the CL is unaffected by hysterectomy. Recently, the role of prostaglandins in regulating canine CL function was addressed suggesting a luteotropic effect of PGE2 during the early luteal phase. However, compelling functional evidence was lacking. The ...
Choi Young-Ho - - 2013
The presence of heterogenous mitochondria from the host ooplast affects the acceptance of offspring obtained by somatic cell nuclear transfer. This might be avoided by obtaining oocytes from selected females, but is then complicated by low numbers of available oocytes. We examined the efficiency of equine somatic cell nuclear transfer ...
Teles Ana - - 2013
Regulatory T cells (Treg) are one of the most and best studied immune cell population during human and murine pregnancy, and there is a general consent about their expansion during pregnancy. However, the identification of new and more reliable Treg markers during the last years resulted in some controversies about ...
Arrighi Silvana - - 2013
The jelly-like gubernaculum testis (GT) is a hydrated structure consisting of a concentric sheath of dense connective tissue around a loose mesenchymal core, with two cords of skeletal muscle cells asymmetrically placed alongside. Expansion of the GT occurs during the transabdominal phase of testicular descent, linked to cell proliferation together ...
Hunt J S JS Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Kansas Medical Center, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, KS 66160, - - 2013
Involvement of the maternal and fetal immune systems in the events of pregnancy was generally overlooked by reproductive biologists until the mid-twentieth century when many landmark explorations were reported. Now, more than half a century later, it is well understood that with the initiation of pregnancy, immune cells in mammalian ...
Erlebacher Adrian - - 2013
The immune cells that reside at the interface between the placenta and uterus are thought to play many important roles in pregnancy. Recent work has revealed that the composition and function of these cells is locally controlled by the specialized uterine stroma (the decidua) that surrounds the implanted conceptus. Here, ...
Kaitu'u-Lino Tu'uhevaha J TJ Translational Obstetrics Group, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mercy Hospital for Women, 163 Studley Road, Heidelberg 3084, Victoria, - - 2013
Abnormal trophoblast growth can cause life-threatening disorders such as ectopic pregnancy, choriocarcinoma, and placenta accreta. EnGeneIC Delivery Vehicles (EDVs) are nanocells that can promote tissue-specific delivery of drugs and may be useful to medically treat such disorders. The objective of this study was to determine whether EDVs loaded with the ...
Boyd C A R - - 2013
The placenta must act as a surrogate lung, gastrointestinal tract and kidney for the fetus as well as acting as an endocrine gland necessary for the maintenance of a successful pregnancy: to achieve this, to what extent does the trophoblast necessarily share a similar epithelial phenotype? Here I review from ...
Hutter Stefan - - 2013
Pregnancy is a state of immunotolerance, and pregnancy outcome is strongly linked to the correct activation and balancing of the maternal immune system. Besides abortion as possible result of improper early pregnancy development, other pregnancy associated conditions like preeclampsia (PE), intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), preterm labour, or gestational diabetes mellitus ...
Wang Lei - - 2013
Ectopic pregnancy is a common reproductive disorder of unknown etiology and is a leading cause of maternal and fetal mortality. Because of the asymptomatic nature of early tubal ectopic pregnancy and the lack of specific biomarkers for early diagnosis, a better understanding of the complex cellular and molecular interactions that ...
Xu Xiaoyan - - 2013
Inhibitory receptors and activating receptor expressed on decidual natural killer (dNK) cells are generally believed to be important in abnormal pregnancy outcomes and induced adverse pregnancy. However, if Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) infection induced abnormal pregnancy was related to dNK cells changes is not clear. In this study, we used ...
Dehghani Leila - - 2013
Previous studies have shown that morphine abuse during pregnancy cancause a delay in the development of the placenta and embryo and also bring about birth defects. The present study investigates the effect of the duration of maternal morphine consumption during pregnancy, as well as the impacts of morphine abuse on ...
Akinbami Akinsegun A - - 2013
Hematological profile is considered one of the factors affecting pregnancy and its outcome. Anemia is the most common hematological problem in pregnancy, followed by thrombocytopenia. Leukocytosis is almost always associated with pregnancy. The study reported here was designed to evaluate the overall mean values of seven major hematological parameters and ...
Khorram Khorshid Hamid Reza - - 2013
Nowadays, new advances in the use of cell free fetal DNA (cffDNA) in maternal plasma of pregnant women has provided the possibility of applying cffDNA in prenatal diagnosis as a non-invasive method. In contrary to the risks of invasive methods that affect both mother and fetus, applying cffDNA is proven ...
Li Hui - - 2013
Chemokine CCL24 is the second member of eotaxins, a group of eosinophils' selectively chemoattractants. Via binding to its only receptor CCR3, CCL24 mainly mediates atopic disorders, parasitic infections and systemic diseases. It is well-known that CCR3 is expressed at the maternal-fetal interface; nevertheless whether CCL24 is located there and which ...
Pereira Flavia Thomaz Verechia - - 2013
To investigate mechanisms of fetal-maternal cell interactions in the bovine placenta, we developed a model of transgenic enhanced Green Fluorescent Protein (t-eGFP) expressing bovine embryos produced by nuclear transfer (NT) to assess the distribution of fetal-derived products in the bovine placenta. In addition, we searched for male specific DNA in ...
Wong Kae Sheen - - 2013
Red blood cell alloimmunization in pregnancy can lead to fetal anaemia with potentially disastrous consequences. Traditional management involves the use of intrauterine transfusion, which is associated with significant procedure-related risks. An alternative treatment that has been trialled is the use of immunoglobulin administered intravenously to the mother. The objective of ...
Zagalo Carlos - - 2013
Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is an aggressive B-cell malignancy with very high proliferation rate, more common in males than females. Here, we describe a case of Burkitt's lymphoma in a 24-week pregnant woman with cervical and abdominal involvement. The common genetic event of virtually all BL is a reciprocal chromosomal translocation ...
Andrade Luis P - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of maternal undernutrition on ovine fetal testis morphology and expression of relevant histological indicators. Maternal undernutrition, in sheep, has been reported, previously, to alter fetal ovary development, as indicated by delayed folliculogenesis and the altered expression of ovarian apoptosis-regulating gene ...
Chumbley Lyndon Bart - - 2013
Immune activity during pregnancy must be tightly regulated to ensure successful pregnancy. This regulation includes the suppression of inflammatory activity that could target the semi-allogeneic fetus. Tregs are immunosuppressive; Th17 cells are pro-inflammatory. A precise balance in the two cell populations is critical to pregnancy maintenance, while dysregulation in this ...
Amor Martin Miguel - - 2013
Adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATL) is an uncommon highly aggressive T-cell lymphoma associated with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection. It is rarely encountered during pregnancy and is particularly challenging to treat due to its aggressive nature and because of the lack of robust data on optimal chemotherapy. We ...
Chen Jin-Ling - - 2013
Toxoplasma gondii is an opportunistic intracellular parasite that is highly prevalent in human and warm-blooded animals throughout the world, leading to potentially severe congenital infections. Although the abortion caused by T. gondii is believed to be dependent on the timing of maternal infection during pregnancy, the mechanism remains unclear. This ...
Woidacki Katja - - 2013
The relationship between mast cells (MCs) and pregnancy is a controversially discussed topic. The presence and quantitative distribution of MCs in the reproductive tract was confirmed in different species. A phase-dependent oscillation of MCs during the hormonal regulated estrous cycle was suggested and on this basis, MCs were assumed to ...
Liotta Giuseppe - - 2013
HIV infection is a major contributor to maternal mortality in resource-limited settings. The Drug Resource Enhancement Against AIDS and Malnutrition Programme has been promoting HAART use during pregnancy and postpartum for Prevention-of-mother-to-child-HIV transmission (PMTCT) irrespective of maternal CD4 cell counts since 2002. Records for all HIV+ pregnancies followed in Mozambique ...
Koizumi Mitsuteru - - 2013
Preeclampsia is the most common hypertensive disorder to occur during pregnancy. A healthy 38-year-old primipara presented with pretibial edema at 33 weeks of gestation followed by the development of proteinuria at 36 weeks of gestation. She had no past medical history of hypertension and was normotensive during gestation. Her proteinuria ...
San Martin S - - 2013
Signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (Stat3) has been identified as an important signal transducer in the invasive phenotype of the trophoblasts cells in in vitro studies. However, the in situ distribution and patterns of expression of this molecule in trophoblast cells during the development of the placenta are ...
Lau Sue Mei - - 2013
Insulin secretion increases in normal pregnancy to meet increasing demands. Inability to increase beta-cell function results in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We have previously shown that the expression of the transcription factor ARNT (Aryl-hydrocarbon Receptor Nuclear Translocator) is reduced in the islets of humans with type 2 diabetes. Mice with ...
Lee Da Eun da - - 2013
Quantification of cell-free fetal DNA by methylation-based DNA discrimination has been used in non-invasive prenatal testing of fetal chromosomal aneuploidy. The maspin (Serpin peptidase inhibitor, clade B (ovalbumin), member 5; SERPINB5) gene, located on chromosome 18q21.33, is hypomethylated in the placenta and completely methylated in maternal blood cells. The objective ...
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