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Results 201 - 250 of 1372
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Walsh Colin A - - 2013
To determine the antenatal course of severe red cell alloimmunisation in pregnancies requiring intrauterine fetal transfusion. A retrospective cohort study over 16 years in a single national quaternary fetal medicine centre. From 1996 to 2011, 242 red cell intrauterine transfusions (IUT) were performed in 102 alloimmunised pregnancies. Antibody type was ...
Boussios S - - 2013
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is rarely diagnosed during pregnancy and its management represents a real challenge. As the symptomatology might mimic other common pregnancy-related disorders, the diagnosis is often delayed. RCC should be considered in women of childbearing age who present with recurrent or refractory urinary tract symptoms, flank pain, ...
Katano Kinue - - 2013
To determine the predictive value of preconceptional peripheral blood natural killer (pNK) cell activity in patients with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Cohort study. University department. A total of 552 patients with a history of two to six consecutive miscarriages. None. The predictive value of preconceptional pNK cell activity for subsequent ...
Parker V J - - 2013
Objectives:To investigate the effect of obesity in early-mid pregnancy on crucial pregnancy hormones and the uterine immune environment.Background:Obesity impacts reproductive ability, adversely affecting conception and leading to complications in pregnancy. Obesity is often regarded as a stress state and an immune disease, both of which may contribute to pregnancy failure. ...
Xiong Yuan-Huan - - 2013
To investigate the effects of estrogen (E2) level on regulatory T cells (Treg) in peripheral blood during pregnancy. A total of 30 healthy non-pregnant women were selected as control group, 90 pregnant women of early, middle and late pregnancy and 30 postpartum women at 1 month after parturition were selected ...
Hofmann A P - - 2013
Pregnancy involves progressive relationship changes between conceptus-derived trophoblasts and maternal decidual vessels and leukocytes. Uterine Natural Killer (uNK) cells, the dominant leukocytes in early human and mouse decidua, have late gestational cardio-protective roles through mid-gestational initiation of decidual spiral arterial modification. The earlier gestational functions of uNK cells are unknown. ...
Liu Guoyan - - 2013
Exaggerated placental site (EPS) reaction is defined as exuberant infiltration of the endometrium and myometrium at the implantation site by intermediate trophoblastic cells. It is a relatively rare, benign lesion related to pregnancy. The diagnosis of EPS depends mainly on pathologic findings, and it should be distinguished from placental site ...
Bird I M - - 2013
The challenge of pregnancy to the mother requires that her own metabolic and endocrine needs be met while also taking on the literally growing demands of the unborn child. While all of the mother's organs require continued support, the uterus and now added placenta must also develop substantially. One critical ...
Yousefian Elham - - 2013
Women with tubal ectopic pregnancies have high levels of circulating interleukin 6 (IL-6). IL-6 treatment in vitro significantly reduces the ciliary activity of tubal epithelium. The effects of IL-6 on target cells occur via the formation of a high-affinity complex with its receptors IL-6Rα and glycoprotein 130 (Gp130). IL-6Rα is ...
Grigoriadis Charalampos - - 2013
In placentas from uncomplicated pregnancies, Hofbauer cells either disappear or become scanty after the fourth to fifth month of gestation. Immunohistochemistry though, reveals that a high percentage of stromal cells belong to Hofbauer cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in morphology and density of Hofbauer ...
Klimkiewicz-Blok Dominika - - 2013
Interleukin 18 (IL-18) is a glycoprotein produced by macrophages. IL-18 influences different populations of T lymphocytes and NK cells and stimulates the production of INF-gamma by these cells. IL-18 induces both Th1 and Th2 response. That is why IL-18 is a unique cytokine. The aim of work was to examine ...
Jensen Federico - - 2013
During mammalian pregnancy the immune system defies a double challenge: to tolerate the foreign growing fetus and to fight off infections that could affect both mother and fetus. Minimal disturbances to the fine equilibrium between immune activation and tolerance would compromise fetal survival. Here, we show that regulatory B10 cells ...
Tsurubuchi Takao - - 2013
Object The authors sought to identify novel biomarkers for early detection of neural tube defects (NTDs) in human fetuses. Methods Amniotic fluid and serum were drawn from women in the second trimester of pregnancy. The study group included 2 women pregnant with normal fetuses and 4 with fetuses displaying myelomeningocele ...
van der Hoorn Marie-Louise P - - 2013
In oocyte donation (OD) pregnancies, there is a higher level of antigenic dissimilarity between mother and fetus compared with naturally conceived (NC) pregnancies. We hypothesize that a higher degree and/or a different type of immunoregulation is necessary to maintain an uncomplicated OD pregnancy. Different immunological aspects of successful OD pregnancies ...
Lissauer David - - 2013
The traditional paradigm suggests that during normal pregnancy maternal immunological tolerance of the allogenic fetus is association with a maternal T lymphocyte shift from a Th1 to a Th2 phenotype, with the opposite effect reported in patients with recurrent miscarriage. However, studies on maternal peripheral blood are conflicting. We characterised ...
Blois S M - - 2013
Transforming growth factor-βs (TGF-βs) are secreted from cells as latent complexes and the activity of TGF-βs is controlled predominantly through activation of these complexes. Tolerance to the fetal allograft is essential for pregnancy success; TGF-β1 and TGF-β2 play important roles in regulating these processes. Pregnancy-specific β-glycoproteins (PSGs) are present in ...
Schlossberger V - - 2013
Are there differences in composition of the total regulatory T cell (Treg) pool and distinct Treg subsets (naïve CD45RA(+)-Tregs, HLA-DR(-)- and HLA-DR(+)-memory Tregs) between successfully and non-successfully IVF/ICSI-treated women? Non-successfully IVF/ICSI-treated women have a decreased percentage of naïve CD45RA(+)-Tregs and an increased percentage of HLA-DR(-)-memory Tregs within the total Treg ...
Khozaim K - - 2013
Acute liver failure during pregnancy is a rare and potentially fatal occurrence. Sickle cell (SC) crises, when precipitated by pregnancy, usually affect patients with SC disease. We report a case of peripartum acute liver failure due to SC vaso-occlusive crisis of the liver in a patient with SC trait.
Jeschke U - - 2013
Galectins are classified as lectins that share structural similarities and bind β-galactosides via a conserved carbohydrate recognition domain. So far 16 out of 19 identified galectins were shown to be present in humans and numerous studies revealed galectins as pivotal modulators of cell death, differentiation and growth. Galectins were highlighted ...
Barakonyi Aliz - - 2013
Preeclampsia, which occurs in about 2% to 3% of all pregnancies, is a severe multisystem disorder showing symptoms in the second half of human pregnancy. Its prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment are insufficient, since etiology and pathogenesis of the disease are still not totally understood. Recent studies confirm that preeclampsia ...
Garcia A - - 2013
This study sought to chart the morphological changes taking place in the goat abomasum during prenatal development, using histomorphometric and immunohistochemical techniques. A total of 140 goat embryos and fetuses, from the first stages of prenatal life until birth. Differentiation of the abomasum as a separate compartment of the primitive ...
Xue Yamei Y Reproductive Medicine Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, No. 3, Qingchun Road, Hangzhou, 310016, - - 2013
The study was designed to evaluate whether cumulus cell removal 4 h post-insemination could influence fertilization and embryo quality. The study included 61couples undergoing standard long down regulation protocol from July 2011 to May 2012. Sibling oocytes of each patient were randomly assigned to either the 4 h group or ...
Ban Yanli - - 2013
To localize indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) mRNA and protein and to undertake a functional study at the first trimester fetal-maternal interface in order to determine whether the distribution and function of IDO are related to recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). Women undergoing legal pregnancy termination and women with RSA participated in this ...
Lucas Emma S - - 2013
Reproduction in humans is unique in two major aspects. First, the incidence of chromosomally abnormal and developmentally compromised human preimplantation embryos is exceptionally high, and second, the uterus decidualizes spontaneously each cycle, a process also responsible for the menstrual shedding of the endometrium in the absence of pregnancy. Emerging evidence ...
Dundar Yenilmez Ebru - - 2013
This study used a high-resolution melting (HRM) technique to detect paternal mutations for the noninvasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD) of β-thalassemia and sickle cell anemia (HbS). We also determined the levels of cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) and total cell-free DNA. We used the HRM technique for fetal genotyping of paternal mutations ...
Samuel Amber - - 2013
Pilot studies have suggested the amount of cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) in the maternal serum is increased in pregnancies complicated by placenta accreta. Our objective was to determine if levels of cffDNA can predict invasive placentation. We enrolled women with antenatally-suspected placenta accreta compared to gestational age-matched cases of placenta ...
Gulic Tamara - - 2013
Differences in the expression of gp96 and its receptors were analysed in normal and pathological human pregnancy. Immunohistology and immunofluorescence of sections from decidual part of term placenta, first trimester normal decidua, missed abortion and blighted ovum decidua were performed together with reverse transcriptase-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and flow cytometry. ...
Zheng Zheng - - 2013
Abstract Introduction: The homeostasis of maternal-fetal fluid exchange is critically important in pregnancy. We sought to investigate the function of Aquaporin 1 (AQP1) during pregnancy by examining fluid compartments of AQP1 knockout (AQP1-KO) mice. Methods: Homozygous pregnant AQP1 knockout (KO) mice and control pregnant wild type CD1 mice were sacrificed. ...
Chung Jae Hee - - 2013
Fetal primary small bowel volvulus without atresia or malrotation is an extremely rare but life-threatening surgical emergency. We report a case of primary small bowel volvulus that presented as sudden fetal distress and was diagnosed on the basis of the 'whirl-pool sign' of fetal sonography. This diagnosis led to emergency ...
Baithalu Rubina Kumari - - 2013
In the present paper, cellular composition of buffalo corpus luteum (CL) with its functional characterization based on 3β-HSD and progesterone secretory ability at different stages of estrous cycle and pregnancy was studied. Buffalo uteri along with ovaries bearing CL were collected from the local slaughter house. These were classified into ...
Hodgins Stephen S Save the Children , Washington, DC , - - 2013
Maternal and newborn health program effort needs to: shift from mere contact to the actual content or substance of care; respond better to local context; ensure delivery of all key interventions needed during pregnancy, labor and delivery, and postnatally; and actively monitor performance to manage and improve programs.
Du Qiaoling - - 2013
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a common complication of pregnancy manifested as skin pruritus of cholestasis. ICP occurs mainly in the second or third trimester of pregnancy and may cause fetal distress, unexpected intrauterine fetal death and does serious harm to maternal and fetal health. The pathogenesis of ICP ...
Ma Kimberly K KK Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology; University of Washington; Seattle, WA - - 2013
Thousands of women with organ transplantation have undergone successful pregnancies, however little is known about how the profound immunologic changes associated with pregnancy might influence tolerance or rejection of the allograft. Pregnant women with a solid organ transplant are complex chimeras with multiple foreign cell populations from the donor organ, ...
Naicker Thajasvarie T Optics and Imaging Centre, Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, Nelson R. Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. - - 2013
Placental development depends on careful coordination of trophoblast proliferation and apoptosis; however, the synchrony of its effect on trophoblast invasion is unknown. To examine the relationship between trophoblast apoptosis and proliferation in placental bed tissue of preeclamptic and normotensive pregnancies. Serial sections from archived placental bed biopsies of 12 normotensive ...
Darmochwal-Kolarz Dorota - - 2013
The aim of our study was to estimate the expression of B7-H1 and B7-H4 molecules on myeloid and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (DCs) in the peripheral blood of patients with pre-eclampsia, normal pregnant women and healthy non-pregnant women. Thirty-three patients with pre-eclampsia, 26 normal pregnant women, and 12 healthy non-pregnant women ...
Braga Daniela Paes Almeida Ferreira - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To identify the association between oocyte dysmorphisms and blastocyst developmental competence. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Private assisted reproduction center. PATIENT(S): This study included 5,516 embryos, which were obtained from 605 patients undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles in which ET was performed on day 5 of embryo development. INTERVENTION(S): Intracytoplasmic ...
Lee Ho-Sun HS International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, - - 2013
Early-life exposures to tobacco smoke and some dietary factors have been identified to induce epigenetic changes in genes involved in allergy and asthma development. Omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) intake during pregnancy could modulate key cytokines and T helper (Th) cell maturation; however, little is known about the mechanism ...
Coughlan Carol - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine expression of integrins α1, α4, and αVβ3 in the glandular and luminal epithelium, stroma, and cells in the blood vessel walls of the endometrium from women with recurrent implantation failure (RIF) and to determine if they are of prognostic value in determining pregnancy outcome. DESIGN: Prospective nonrandomized ...
Sønnegaard Poulsen Marie - - 2013
Abstract The potential medical applications of nanoparticles warrant their investigation in terms of biodistribution and safety during pregnancy. The transport of silica nanoparticles (NPs) across the placenta was investigated using two models of maternal-fetal transfer in human placenta, namely, the BeWo b30 choriocarcinoma cell line and the ex vivo perfused ...
Kawashima Akihiro - - 2013
We compared the levels of cell-free human placental lactogen (hPL) messenger RNA (mRNA) in maternal plasma at 28 to 32 weeks of gestation between women with diagnosis of placenta previa or invasive placenta and women with an uneventful pregnancy. Sensitivity and specificity of hPL mRNA for the prediction of invasive ...
Pitman Hedele - - 2013
STUDY QUESTION: Are alterations in decidual expression of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 associated with sporadic miscarriage? SUMMARY ANSWER: IL-6 and IL-8 secretion from decidual uterine natural killer (uNK) cells and macrophages isolated from women with spontaneous miscarriage was reduced compared with normal controls. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Miscarriage is a ...
Santner-Nanan Brigitte - - 2013
Transplacental immune regulation refers to the concept that during pregnancy, significant cross-talk occurs between the maternal and fetal immune system with potential long-term effects for both the mother and child. In this study, we made the surprising observation that there is a strong correlation of peripheral blood regulatory T (Treg) ...
Amir Dorsa - - 2013
Progesterone and cholesterol are both vital to pregnancy. Among other functions, progesterone downregulates inflammatory responses, allowing for maternal immune tolerance of the fetal allograft. Cholesterol a key component of cell membranes, is important in intracellular transport, cell signaling, nerve conduction, and metabolism Despite the importance of each substance in pregnancy, ...
Yang Zhongmei - - 2013
Krüppel-like factor 8 (KLF8) is a pivotal transcription factor expressed in the human placenta that can regulate cell invasion. The objective of this study was to assess whether a hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) environment affects placental KLF8 expression levels and subcellular localization and to evaluate the relationship between KLF8 levels and trophoblast ...
Wilsher S S The Paul Mellon Laboratory, 'Brunswick', 18 Woodditton Road, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 9BJ, UK. - - 2013
Gross, histological and immunocytochemical examinations carried out on maternal and fetal reproductive tissues from two pregnant giraffes at an estimated 8 and 13.5 months of gestation (term=15 months) revealed a typically ruminant macrocotyledonary placenta with binucleate trophoblast cells scattered sparsely in the placentome where they stained intensely with a prolactin ...
Lepez Trees - - 2013
Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) show a female predominance, with an increased incidence in the years following parturition. Fetal microchimerism has been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of AITD. However, only the presence of fetal microchimeric cells in blood and in the thyroid gland of these patients has ...
Shim Jangsoo - - 2013
Cathepsins (CTSs), a family of lysosomal cysteine proteases, and their inhibitors,cystatins (CSTs), play a critical role in endometrial and placental tissue remodeling during the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy in many species including rodents, sheep, cow, and pigs. In this study, we determined expression of legumain (LGMN), a cathepsin member, ...
Desai Nina N - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The Rapid-i is a new FDA cleared closed carrier for embryo vitrification. The cooling rate of - 1220[degree sign]C/min is far lower than that reported with open vitrification systems such as the cryoloop (-15,000[degree sign]C/min). Little published data is currently available on this device. This study presents our initial ...
Di Tommaso Mariarosaria - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether chorionic villous sampling (CVS) causes a significant increase of cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) in maternal circulation. METHOD: Fifty pregnant women with singleton pregnancy were recruited prior to CVS. Maternal peripheral blood was collected before and after CVS. A methylation-sensitive restriction enzyme digestion was used to select ...
Lindenburg Irene T M - - 2013
Perinatal survival rates after intrauterine transfusions (IUT) for red cell alloimmunisation now exceed 90%, which demonstrates the safety and efficacy of one of the most successful procedures in fetal therapy. However, improved perinatal survival could lead to an increased number of children with long-term disabilities. The importance of long-term follow-up ...
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