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Results 201 - 250 of 1394
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Amer Johnny - - 2013
Immune cells interact with hepatic-stellate-cells (HSCs) in the development of liver fibrosis. Little is known about the influence of pregnancy on the development and progression of hepatic-fibrosis. In this study, we explored the influence of pregnancy on progression of hepatic fibrosis. Female mice (C57Blc) were induced by 4 injections of ...
Micallef Anna - - 2013
Abstract The interferons (IFNs) form part of the large family of glycoproteins known as cytokines. They are secreted by host cells as a line of defence against pathogens and certain tumours. IFNs affect cell proliferation and differentiation and also play a very important role in the functioning of the immune ...
Sutton Madeline Y - - 2013
To examine the prevalence of unplanned pregnancies among HIV-infected women in care in the United States (US). We used the 2007-2008 cycles of the Medical Monitoring Project (MMP), which collected data on HIV-infected adults in care. Women were included if they had an HIV diagnosis before 45 years of age ...
Zia Farzana F Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ziauddin University and Hospitals, Karachi. - - 2013
Ectopic ovarian pregnancy is itself an uncommon type of ectopic pregnancy, representing only 0.15% of all ectopic pregnancies. Ovarian pregnancy with a live foetus at term is a rare condition. The case of a 28 years old lady who delivered a term live baby from the right ovary is reported. ...
Karakaya Y A - - 2013
Hofbauer cells (HC) are the placental macrophages that play a significant role in many important placental events. The aim of this retrospective study is to investigate the role of HC in the pathogenesis of early pregnancy loss (EPL). The slides were obtained from archival blocks of missed abortion (MA, n = 15) ...
Tannetta Dionne S - - 2013
Cell injury releases actin, the most abundant cell protein. Gelsolin and vitamin D binding protein (VDBP) together depolymerise and clear cell-free actin. Impaired actin clearance is associated with several diseases and correlates with clinical outcome. The actin scavenging system was investigated in pre-eclampsia (PE), a procoagulant and proinflammatory state with ...
Lucas Emma S - - 2013
Reproduction in humans is unique in two major aspects. First, the incidence of chromosomally abnormal and developmentally compromised human preimplantation embryos is exceptionally high, and second, the uterus decidualizes spontaneously each cycle, a process also responsible for the menstrual shedding of the endometrium in the absence of pregnancy. Emerging evidence ...
Andretta Rhayza Roberta - - 2013
Carbamazepine (CBZ) is an anti-epileptic drug that acts on Leydig cells, affecting steroidogenesis and causes foetal malformation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of CBZ on male sexual maturation and other male parameters. Rat dams were treated with CBZ during pregnancy and breastfeeding. The anogenital distance ...
Rolle Luise - - 2013
The function of IL-10 producing regulatory B cells (Breg) during gestation is unknown. Here, we aimed to understand their participation in early pregnancy. CD19(+) CD24(hi) CD27(+) B cell frequency, measured by flow cytometry, increased with pregnancy onset but not in the case of spontaneous abortions. B cells from non-pregnant women ...
Delorme-Axford Elizabeth - - 2013
Mechanisms to protect against viral infections are crucial during pregnancy as maternal-fetal transmission can have serious pathological outcomes, including fetal infection and its sequelae, such as growth restriction, birth defects, and/or fetal death. The trophoblast forms the interface between the feto-placental unit and the maternal blood, and is therefore a ...
Sipos Peter I PI Maternal and Fetal Health Research Centre, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Central Manchester University Hospitals National Health Service Foundation Trust, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9WL, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) are the only putative endothelial progenitor cells capable of vasculogenesis, and their dysfunction may represent a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a pregnancy-related disorder associated with long-term cardiovascular risk. Our objective was to determine whether ECFCs derived from pregnancies complicated by ...
Gammill Hilary S HS Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, Box 356460, Seattle, WA 98195-6460. - - 2013
Previous studies have shown elevated concentrations of free fetal DNA and erythroblasts in maternal circulation in women with preeclampsia compared with those with normal pregnancy. Pluripotent and immunocompetent fetal cells also transfer to the maternal circulation during pregnancy, but whether concentrations of fetal mononuclear cells also differed in preeclampsia was ...
Wallace Alison E AE Division of Biomedical Sciences, St. George's, University of London, London, United - - 2013
Transformation of the uterine spiral arteries (SAs) during pregnancy is critical to support the developing fetus, and is impaired in some pregnancy disorders, including preeclampsia. Decidual natural killer (dNK) cells play a role in SA remodeling, although their interactions with fetal trophoblast remain unclear. A uterine artery Doppler resistance index ...
Lambert-Messerlian Geralyn - - 2013
Purpose:We sought to compare measurements of circulating cell-free DNA as well as Down syndrome test results in women with naturally conceived pregnancies with those conceived using assisted reproductive technologies.Methods:Data regarding assisted reproductive technologies were readily available from seven enrollment sites participating in an external clinical validation trial of nested case/control ...
Xiong Shiqiu - - 2013
Reduced trophoblast invasion and vascular conversion in decidua are thought to be the primary defect of common pregnancy disorders including preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction. Genetic studies suggest these conditions are linked to combinations of polymorphic killer cell Ig-like receptor (KIR) genes expressed by maternal decidual NK cells (dNK) and ...
Doridot Ludivine - - 2013
Preeclampsia (PE) is the major pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorder responsible for maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality that can be associated with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). PE and IUGR are thought to be due to a placental defect, occurring early during pregnancy. Several placental microRNAs (miRs) have been shown to be ...
Muralimanoharan S - - 2013
Preeclampsia (PE) affects 5-8% of pregnancies and is responsible for 18% of maternal deaths in the US, and for long-term complications in mother and child. PE is an inflammatory state and may influence placental function in a sex-specific manner. We determined if there is a sexual dimorphism in the placental ...
Neves Flávia Macedo de Oliveira - - 2013
During pregnancy, glucocorticoids are frequently used to accelerate fetal lung maturation in preterm delivery. However, prenatal administration of glucocorticoids has been shown to affect organs such as fetal liver, an important hematopoietic organ during fetal development. The aim of this study was to document the qualitative and quantitative changes in ...
Rava Richard P - - 2013
Noninvasive prenatal testing based on massively parallel sequencing (MPS) of cell-free DNA in maternal plasma has become rapidly integrated into clinical practice for detecting fetal chromosomal aneuploidy. We directly determined the fetal fraction (FF) from results obtained with MPS tag counting and examined the relationships of FF to such biological ...
Ou Minghui - - 2013
Normal pregnancy is associated with systemic vasodilation and decreased vascular contraction, partly due to increased release of endothelium-derived vasodilator substances. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is an endothelium-derived vasoconstrictor acting via endothelin receptor type A (ETA R) and possibly type B (ETB R) in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), with additional vasodilator effects ...
Krishnan T - - 2013
Ectopic pregnancy is unique to humans and a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. The etiology remains unknown however factors regulating embryo implantation likely contribute. Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) has roles in extravillous trophoblast adhesion and invasion and is present in ectopic implantation sites. We hypothesised that LIF facilitates ...
Walsh Colin A - - 2013
To determine the antenatal course of severe red cell alloimmunisation in pregnancies requiring intrauterine fetal transfusion. A retrospective cohort study over 16 years in a single national quaternary fetal medicine centre. From 1996 to 2011, 242 red cell intrauterine transfusions (IUT) were performed in 102 alloimmunised pregnancies. Antibody type was ...
Boussios S - - 2013
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is rarely diagnosed during pregnancy and its management represents a real challenge. As the symptomatology might mimic other common pregnancy-related disorders, the diagnosis is often delayed. RCC should be considered in women of childbearing age who present with recurrent or refractory urinary tract symptoms, flank pain, ...
Katano Kinue - - 2013
To determine the predictive value of preconceptional peripheral blood natural killer (pNK) cell activity in patients with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Cohort study. University department. A total of 552 patients with a history of two to six consecutive miscarriages. None. The predictive value of preconceptional pNK cell activity for subsequent ...
Parker V J - - 2013
Objectives:To investigate the effect of obesity in early-mid pregnancy on crucial pregnancy hormones and the uterine immune environment.Background:Obesity impacts reproductive ability, adversely affecting conception and leading to complications in pregnancy. Obesity is often regarded as a stress state and an immune disease, both of which may contribute to pregnancy failure. ...
Xiong Yuan-Huan - - 2013
To investigate the effects of estrogen (E2) level on regulatory T cells (Treg) in peripheral blood during pregnancy. A total of 30 healthy non-pregnant women were selected as control group, 90 pregnant women of early, middle and late pregnancy and 30 postpartum women at 1 month after parturition were selected ...
Hofmann A P - - 2013
Pregnancy involves progressive relationship changes between conceptus-derived trophoblasts and maternal decidual vessels and leukocytes. Uterine Natural Killer (uNK) cells, the dominant leukocytes in early human and mouse decidua, have late gestational cardio-protective roles through mid-gestational initiation of decidual spiral arterial modification. The earlier gestational functions of uNK cells are unknown. ...
Liu Guoyan - - 2013
Exaggerated placental site (EPS) reaction is defined as exuberant infiltration of the endometrium and myometrium at the implantation site by intermediate trophoblastic cells. It is a relatively rare, benign lesion related to pregnancy. The diagnosis of EPS depends mainly on pathologic findings, and it should be distinguished from placental site ...
Bird I M - - 2013
The challenge of pregnancy to the mother requires that her own metabolic and endocrine needs be met while also taking on the literally growing demands of the unborn child. While all of the mother's organs require continued support, the uterus and now added placenta must also develop substantially. One critical ...
Yousefian Elham - - 2013
Women with tubal ectopic pregnancies have high levels of circulating interleukin 6 (IL-6). IL-6 treatment in vitro significantly reduces the ciliary activity of tubal epithelium. The effects of IL-6 on target cells occur via the formation of a high-affinity complex with its receptors IL-6Rα and glycoprotein 130 (Gp130). IL-6Rα is ...
Grigoriadis Charalampos - - 2013
In placentas from uncomplicated pregnancies, Hofbauer cells either disappear or become scanty after the fourth to fifth month of gestation. Immunohistochemistry though, reveals that a high percentage of stromal cells belong to Hofbauer cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in morphology and density of Hofbauer ...
Klimkiewicz-Blok Dominika - - 2013
Interleukin 18 (IL-18) is a glycoprotein produced by macrophages. IL-18 influences different populations of T lymphocytes and NK cells and stimulates the production of INF-gamma by these cells. IL-18 induces both Th1 and Th2 response. That is why IL-18 is a unique cytokine. The aim of work was to examine ...
Jensen Federico - - 2013
During mammalian pregnancy the immune system defies a double challenge: to tolerate the foreign growing fetus and to fight off infections that could affect both mother and fetus. Minimal disturbances to the fine equilibrium between immune activation and tolerance would compromise fetal survival. Here, we show that regulatory B10 cells ...
Tsurubuchi Takao - - 2013
Object The authors sought to identify novel biomarkers for early detection of neural tube defects (NTDs) in human fetuses. Methods Amniotic fluid and serum were drawn from women in the second trimester of pregnancy. The study group included 2 women pregnant with normal fetuses and 4 with fetuses displaying myelomeningocele ...
van der Hoorn Marie-Louise P - - 2013
In oocyte donation (OD) pregnancies, there is a higher level of antigenic dissimilarity between mother and fetus compared with naturally conceived (NC) pregnancies. We hypothesize that a higher degree and/or a different type of immunoregulation is necessary to maintain an uncomplicated OD pregnancy. Different immunological aspects of successful OD pregnancies ...
Lissauer David - - 2013
The traditional paradigm suggests that during normal pregnancy maternal immunological tolerance of the allogenic fetus is association with a maternal T lymphocyte shift from a Th1 to a Th2 phenotype, with the opposite effect reported in patients with recurrent miscarriage. However, studies on maternal peripheral blood are conflicting. We characterised ...
Blois S M - - 2013
Transforming growth factor-βs (TGF-βs) are secreted from cells as latent complexes and the activity of TGF-βs is controlled predominantly through activation of these complexes. Tolerance to the fetal allograft is essential for pregnancy success; TGF-β1 and TGF-β2 play important roles in regulating these processes. Pregnancy-specific β-glycoproteins (PSGs) are present in ...
Schlossberger V V Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Heidelberg, Voss-Strasse 9, 69115 Heidelberg, - - 2013
Are there differences in composition of the total regulatory T cell (Treg) pool and distinct Treg subsets (naïve CD45RA(+)-Tregs, HLA-DR(-)- and HLA-DR(+)-memory Tregs) between successfully and non-successfully IVF/ICSI-treated women? Non-successfully IVF/ICSI-treated women have a decreased percentage of naïve CD45RA(+)-Tregs and an increased percentage of HLA-DR(-)-memory Tregs within the total Treg ...
Khozaim K - - 2013
Acute liver failure during pregnancy is a rare and potentially fatal occurrence. Sickle cell (SC) crises, when precipitated by pregnancy, usually affect patients with SC disease. We report a case of peripartum acute liver failure due to SC vaso-occlusive crisis of the liver in a patient with SC trait.
Jeschke U - - 2013
Galectins are classified as lectins that share structural similarities and bind β-galactosides via a conserved carbohydrate recognition domain. So far 16 out of 19 identified galectins were shown to be present in humans and numerous studies revealed galectins as pivotal modulators of cell death, differentiation and growth. Galectins were highlighted ...
Barakonyi Aliz - - 2013
Preeclampsia, which occurs in about 2% to 3% of all pregnancies, is a severe multisystem disorder showing symptoms in the second half of human pregnancy. Its prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment are insufficient, since etiology and pathogenesis of the disease are still not totally understood. Recent studies confirm that preeclampsia ...
Garcia A - - 2013
This study sought to chart the morphological changes taking place in the goat abomasum during prenatal development, using histomorphometric and immunohistochemical techniques. A total of 140 goat embryos and fetuses, from the first stages of prenatal life until birth. Differentiation of the abomasum as a separate compartment of the primitive ...
Xue Yamei Y Reproductive Medicine Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, No. 3, Qingchun Road, Hangzhou, 310016, - - 2013
The study was designed to evaluate whether cumulus cell removal 4 h post-insemination could influence fertilization and embryo quality. The study included 61couples undergoing standard long down regulation protocol from July 2011 to May 2012. Sibling oocytes of each patient were randomly assigned to either the 4 h group or ...
Ban Yanli - - 2013
To localize indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) mRNA and protein and to undertake a functional study at the first trimester fetal-maternal interface in order to determine whether the distribution and function of IDO are related to recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). Women undergoing legal pregnancy termination and women with RSA participated in this ...
Lucas Emma S - - 2013
Reproduction in humans is unique in two major aspects. First, the incidence of chromosomally abnormal and developmentally compromised human preimplantation embryos is exceptionally high, and second, the uterus decidualizes spontaneously each cycle, a process also responsible for the menstrual shedding of the endometrium in the absence of pregnancy. Emerging evidence ...
Dundar Yenilmez Ebru - - 2013
This study used a high-resolution melting (HRM) technique to detect paternal mutations for the noninvasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD) of β-thalassemia and sickle cell anemia (HbS). We also determined the levels of cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) and total cell-free DNA. We used the HRM technique for fetal genotyping of paternal mutations ...
Samuel Amber - - 2013
Pilot studies have suggested the amount of cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) in the maternal serum is increased in pregnancies complicated by placenta accreta. Our objective was to determine if levels of cffDNA can predict invasive placentation. We enrolled women with antenatally-suspected placenta accreta compared to gestational age-matched cases of placenta ...
Gulic Tamara - - 2013
Differences in the expression of gp96 and its receptors were analysed in normal and pathological human pregnancy. Immunohistology and immunofluorescence of sections from decidual part of term placenta, first trimester normal decidua, missed abortion and blighted ovum decidua were performed together with reverse transcriptase-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and flow cytometry. ...
Zheng Zheng - - 2013
Abstract Introduction: The homeostasis of maternal-fetal fluid exchange is critically important in pregnancy. We sought to investigate the function of Aquaporin 1 (AQP1) during pregnancy by examining fluid compartments of AQP1 knockout (AQP1-KO) mice. Methods: Homozygous pregnant AQP1 knockout (KO) mice and control pregnant wild type CD1 mice were sacrificed. ...
Chung Jae Hee - - 2013
Fetal primary small bowel volvulus without atresia or malrotation is an extremely rare but life-threatening surgical emergency. We report a case of primary small bowel volvulus that presented as sudden fetal distress and was diagnosed on the basis of the 'whirl-pool sign' of fetal sonography. This diagnosis led to emergency ...
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