Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1387
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Alvis Jeffrey S - - 2012
Neurologic complications and conditions associated with pregnancy are rare. Frequently, presenting symptoms of neurologic conditions are nonspecific and can overlap with normal symptoms of pregnancy. As a result, clinical assessment can be insufficient to differentiate symptoms of a normal pregnancy from a neurologic disorder. It is imperative that the radiologist ...
Sermondade Nathalie - - 2012
Some patients in IVF programmes repeatedly display an abnormal embryonic development characterized as soon as day 2 post fertilization by a high rate (>60%) of highly fragmented embryos (⩾40% of cytoplasmic fragments) leading to recurrent IVF failures. This study postulated that, for various maternal reasons, some embryos were unable to ...
Xu Jin - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acupuncture has a growing clientele during pregnancy, delivery and the puerperium for an ever increasing list of indications. Objective evidence for its benefit is necessary to establish its roles in current practice. RECENT FINDINGS: For many of the current uses, randomized studies when conducted using at least ...
Majithia Raj - - 2012
Symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD or GERD) are estimated to occur in 30-50% of pregnancies, with the incidence approaching 80% in some populations. As with many other conditions in pregnancy, medical therapy with pharmaceutical agents is a concern, as the potential teratogenicity of medications is not well known. Although ...
Soede N M - - 2012
Three intermittent suckling (IS) regimes were evaluated for their effects on lactational oestrus and subsequent fertility. Control sows were weaned (CW; n=38) at d 26±2 of lactation. In IS19-7D (n=40) and IS19-14D (n=42) sows, IS started at d 19±1 of lactation and sows were weaned 7 or 14d later. In ...
Rajakumar Augustine A Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2012
The cardinal manifestations of the pregnancy-specific disorder preeclampsia, new-onset hypertension, and proteinuria that resolve with placental delivery have been linked to an extracellular protein made by the placenta, soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1), that injures the maternal vasculature. However, the mechanisms by which sFlt1, which is heavily matrix bound, ...
Redman C W G CW Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, - - 2012
A variety of 'debris' is shed from the syncytial surface of the human placenta ranging from large deported multinuclear fragments to sub-cellular components. It is increasingly clear that at least some of this material has signalling functions. Many categories of circulating debris are increased in pre-eclampsia, and exhibit proteins that ...
Collins S L - - 2012
Up to 3% of UK pregnancies will be affected by congenital abnormality. Prenatal diagnosis allows the parents to make informed decisions about their pregnancy, healthcare professionals to optimise the antenatal care and families prepare for the birth of the baby. There are many techniques employed which range from the non-invasive ...
Digiulio Mary - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Hydatidiform mole (often referred to as molar pregnancy) is the most common disorder in a category of pathologies known as Gestational Trophoblastic Diseases that are associated with abnormal fertilization in pregnancy. Current practices in screening and monitoring during early pregnancy allow for better identification of hydatidiform mole, sometimes prior ...
de Rosnay P - - 2012
Calculating rates of ectopic pregnancy in a reliable and reproducible way can be challenging. To date, there is no consensus as to which denominators to use but the authors suggest using the total number of deliveries as a benchmark. In many developing countries where ectopic pregnancy is a major cause ...
Bello Shaibu O - - 2012
Robust evidence of the bioeffects of ultrasound is available from animal studies but human studies are less convincing. Nevertheless, it is disturbing that the only response to safety issues is a twenty-year old principle known as ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Applicable). Using experience from obstetrics and toxicology, and drawing ...
Naik Rakhi P - - 2012
Pregnancy poses a unique challenge to patients with sickle cell disease and β-thalassemia, who often have exacerbations of hemolysis or anemia during the gestational period, experience higher rates of obstetric and fetal complications, and may have distinct underlying comorbidities related to vasculopathy and iron overload that can endanger maternal health. ...
Thabet Ashraf - - 2012
Complications of pregnancy, whether they occur during gestation or postpartum, often pose complex challenges because they affect two patients (mother and fetus or infant) and because both short- and long-term outcomes must be considered in management decision making. Interventional radiologists play a critical role in treating complications such as ectopic ...
Perez Cesar A - - 2012
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) rarely presents during pregnancy and primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMLBCL) accounts for approximately 2.5% of patients with NHL. The case of a 22-year-old woman who was diagnosed with Stage IIA PMLBCL during week 13 of her intrauterine pregnancy is described. The staging consisted in computed tomography ...
Tirado-González Irene - - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. e46755 in vol. 7.].
Gingelmaier A - - 2012
Background: To describe the findings of a German HIV-pregnancy cohort. To investigate factors associated with pregnancy complications and outcomes in HIV-infected women. Methods: Retrospective analysis of HIV pregnancies from 2008 to 2010 in six German outpatient clinics specialized in HIV care. Results: 230 mother-child pairs were included in the evaluation. ...
Sławek Anna - - 2012
 Success of pregnancy depends on many factors. Three phenomena inducing immune tolerance against semi-allogeneic conceptus may play a crucial role in the pre-implantation period of pregnancy: influence of sex hormones in sex cycle, presence of oocyte or embryo and the presence of semen in the female reproductive tract. On the ...
Hayashi Masako - - 2012
Aim: Intrapartum management guidelines based on fetal heart rate classification comprising a 5-tier system (Levels 1-5) was proposed by the Perinatology Committee of the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (JSOG). This study aimed to assess the reproducibility and clinical usefulness of this classification. Methods: For assessing intraobserver and interobserver ...
Lewandowska Eliza - - 2012
Maternal ethanol consumption during pregnancy may cause foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Our experiments of ethanol-treated female rats were based on the FAS model in humans; therefore, the results obtained may help explain the clinical mechanism of the disease development. The ultrastructural examination of the cerebellar cortex of ten-day-old rat pups ...
Ranganath Prajnya - - 2012
Pentalogy of Cantrell is a rare malformation syndrome consisting of a specific combination of ventral midline defects, uncommonly found to be associated with other anomalies. We report a case of complete Pentalogy of Cantrell with craniorachischisis diagnosed in-utero at 19 weeks of gestation through antenatal ultrasonography. Fetal autopsy following termination ...
Sugimura Satoshi - - 2012
Conventionally, in vitro-fertilized (IVF) bovine embryos are morphologically evaluated at the time of embryo transfer to select those that are likely to establish a pregnancy. This method is, however, subjective and results in unreliable selection. Here we describe a novel selection system for IVF bovine blastocysts for transfer that traces ...
Pennington Kathleen A - - 2012
Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific disorder characterized by hypertension and excess protein excretion in the urine. It is an important cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality worldwide. The disease is almost exclusive to humans and delivery of the pregnancy continues to be the only effective treatment. The disorder is ...
Mori Rintaro - - 2012
Postpartum haemorrhage is among the biggest contributor to maternal mortality worldwide. Prevention of this condition includes routine use of uterotonic in the third stage of labour, which has been recommended throughout the world. Use of umbilical route to deliver this uterotonic after delivery of the baby has been proposed. Therapeutic ...
Piao Hai-Lan - - 2012
Our previous study has demonstrated that cyclosporine A (CsA) administration in vivo induces Th2 bias at the maternal-fetal interface, leading to improved murine pregnancy outcomes. Here, we investigated how CsA treatment in vitro induced Th2 bias at the human maternal-fetal interface in early pregnancy. The cell co-culture in vitro in ...
Sugiyama Chisato - - 2012
Proglucagon, which is encoded by the glucagon gene (Gcg), is the precursor of several peptide hormones, including glucagon and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1). Whereas glucagon stimulates hepatic glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis, GLP-1 stimulates insulin secretion to lower blood glucose and also supports ß-cell proliferation and protection from apoptotic stimuli. Pregnancy is ...
Rollins Mark - - 2012
Physiologic changes of pregnancy uniquely influence anesthesia for Cesarean delivery. Included is a review of current obstetrical anesthesia considerations for Cesarean delivery and recent changes improving maternal care and outcome. A literature review was conducted using Pubmed and the Cochrane database. Increased use of neuraxial techniques instead of general anesthesia ...
Blanks A M AM The Division of Reproductive Health, Clinical Science Research Laboratory, Warwick Medical School, Coventry CV2 2DX, United - - 2012
Progesterone is central to many reproductive processes and is critical in regulating the menstrual cycle and maintaining pregnancy. We discuss here similarities in the molecular mechanisms that regulate the process of decidualisation in endometrial stromal cells and uterine quiescence in myometrial smooth muscle cells. We discuss recent evidence that the ...
Rijken Marcus J MJ Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Mae Sot, Tak, Thailand. - - 2012
Most pregnant women at risk of for infection with Plasmodium vivax live in the Asia-Pacific region. However, malaria in pregnancy is not recognised as a priority by many governments, policy makers, and donors in this region. Robust data for the true burden of malaria throughout pregnancy are scarce. Nevertheless, when ...
Caballero Teresa - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There are a limited number of publications on the management of gynecologic/obstetric events in female patients with hereditary angioedema caused by C1 inhibitor deficiency (HAE-C1-INH). OBJECTIVE: We sought to elaborate guidelines for optimizing the management of gynecologic/obstetric events in female patients with HAE-C1-INH. METHODS: A roundtable discussion took place ...
Anderson U D - - 2011
Worldwide the prevalence of preeclampsia (PE) ranges from 3 to 8% of pregnancies. 8.5 million cases are reported yearly, but this is probably an underestimate due to the lack of proper diagnosis. PE is the most common cause of fetal and maternal death and yet no specific treatment is available. ...
Finer Sarah S Blizard Institute, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, UK. - - 2012
The role of vitamin D in maintaining a healthy pregnancy has seen emerging interest among clinicians and researchers in recent years. The functions of this hormone are widespread and complex, and during pregnancy and breastfeeding it facilitates crucial transfer of calcium from mother to child for skeletal development. Aside from ...
Tournaye Herman - - 2012
For years, the management and treatment of male factor infertility has been 'experience' and not 'evidence' based. Although not evidence-based, current clinical practice involves extensive use of assisted reproductive techniques (ART). Where specific treatments are not indicated or have failed, ART have become popular adjunctive treatments for alleviating male factor ...
Cole Laurence A - - 2011
Abstract This review examines human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) or pregnancy tests from multiple perspectives. It first investigates the molecule hCG and shows that the term represents five independent molecules differing in carbohydrate and meric structure that share a common amino acid sequence. The review goes on to show that multiple ...
Robbins Jennifer R JR Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, CA, - - 2012
Placental infections are major causes of maternal and fetal disease. This review introduces a new paradigm for placental infections based on current knowledge of placental defenses and how this barrier can be breached. Transmission of pathogens from mother to fetus can occur at two sites of direct contact between maternal ...
Amann R P - - 2011
Breeding of dairy cattle is undergoing a paradigm shift to genomic selection of potential sires and dams. This undoubtedly will affect how bulls are managed in an artificial insemination (AI) center and impact methods to estimate their 'fertility'. Our goal is to help decision-makers understand the contents of a straw ...
Gatto Mariele - - 2011
Primary systemic vasculitis are uncommon diseases that may affect young women in their childbearing age. To date, patients affected with primary systemic vasculitis are often diagnosed and treated earlier than in the past, due to improvement in diagnostic skills and a larger availability of effective drugs. The progressive achievement of ...
Ostensen Monika - - 2011
During pregnancy, the fetus represents a natural allograft that is not normally rejected. While the maternal immune system retains the ability to respond to foreign antigens, tolerance mechanisms are up-regulated to protect the fetus from immunologic attacks by the mother. The profound immunologic adaptations during and after pregnancy do influence ...
Goonewardene Malik - - 2011
Anaemia in pregnancy, defined as a haemoglobin concentration (Hb) < 110 g/L, affects more than 56 million women globally, two thirds of them being from Asia. Multiple factors lead to anaemia in pregnancy, nutritional iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) being the commonest. Underlying inflammatory conditions, physiological haemodilution and several factors affecting Hb ...
Sapountzi-Krepia Despina - - 2011
Sapountzi-Krepia D, Tsaloglidou A, Psychogiou M, Lazaridou C, Vehvilainen Julkunen K. International Journal of Nursing Practice 2011; 17: 583-590 Mothers' experiences of pregnancy, labour and childbirth: A qualitative study in Northern Greece This qualitative study aims at describing the mothers' most positive and negative experiences during pregnancy, labour and childbirth, ...
- - 2011
Chlamydia trachomatis infection seems to have little impact on the outcome of pregnancy. If transmitted to the newborn during delivery, this pathogen can cause conjunctivitis or, occasionally, neonatal pneumonia. Amoxicillin (a 7-day course) is the antibiotic of choice for pregnant women with C. trachomatis cervicitis or urethritis. There is no ...
Gutierrez Peter S - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Cornual pregnancies are a rare form of ectopic pregnancy that can be misdiagnosed as an intrauterine pregnancy via ultrasound. We report a 16-year-old adolescent girl with a cornual ectopic pregnancy and subsequent rupture in the emergency department.
Hasler J F - - 2011
Annually, more than 400000 in vivo-recovered bovine embryos are officially reported by members of the Canadian and American Embryo Transfer Associations. Between 65 and 70% of these embryos are cryopreserved and more than 95% are frozen in ethylene glycol (EG). Statistics on factors affecting embryo freezing are difficult to obtain ...
Solomon Caren G - - 2011
Hypertension is a common complication of pregnancy. Preeclampsia, in particular, is associated with substantial risk to both the mother and the fetus. Several risk factors have been recognized to predict risk for preeclampsia. However, at present no biomarkers have sufficient discriminatory ability to be useful in clinical practice, and no ...
Karaca Zuleyha - - 2011
The pituitary gland is one of the most affected organs with altered anatomy and physiology during pregnancy. Acromegaly is the second most common pituitary adenoma seen in relation to gestation after prolactinomas. Acromegaly should be treated before conception to prevent potential tumor growth in patients who desire fertility. Medical therapy ...
Kobayashi Hideyuki - - 2012
Male infertility problems can occur when sperms are limited in number or function. In this paper, we describe the clinical evaluation of male infertility. A detailed history, physical examination, and basic semen analysis are required. In addition, ultrasound, karyotyping, and hormonal studies are needed to determine specific causes of infertility. ...
Burns G - - 2011
Embryo transfer is a tool that enables progressive cattle producers to reach their reproductive, genetic and financial goals. The complexity of pregnancy establishment increases with any reproductive technology, especially with one with many variables. This clinical analysis employed a statistical model capable of explaining factors that affect pregnancy probability resulting ...
Le Gloan Laurianne - - 2011
Advances in the care of patients with a univentricular heart have enabled the majority to survive well into adulthood. Consequently, an increasing number of women with Fontan palliation are contemplating pregnancy. This review summarizes physiologic modifications related to pregnancy in the setting of single-ventricle physiology, discusses potential maternal cardiovascular concerns ...
Negro Roberto - - 2011
Thyroid diseases are common in women of childbearing age and it is well known that untreated thyroid disturbances result in an increased rate of adverse events, particularly miscarriage, preterm birth and gestational hypertension. Furthermore, thyroid autoimmunity per se seems to be associated with complications such as miscarriage and preterm delivery. ...
Kizer Nora T - - 2011
The key pregnancy-related physiological maternal and fetal changes that occur and the modifications to standard surgical approaches that can impact surgical outcomes are important to recognize. Surgery during pregnancy can be safe and effective. Laparoscopy has become an acceptable alternative to the standard laparotomy and should be considered when surgeons ...
Gilbert Robert O - - 2011
Endometritis is common in post partum dairy cows and is associated with impaired reproductive performance reflected in reduced first service conception, reduced hazard of pregnancy over the breeding period and increased risk of reproductive culling. The observed effects may be mediated directly by bacterial products, such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS, endotoxin), ...
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