Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1333
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Kominiarek Michelle A - - 2011
The number of bariatric surgeries performed in the United States has increased exponentially. Given that most patients are female and of reproductive age, it is important for clinicians who manage women's health issues to be aware of the surgery, its long-term goals, and the potential effect on future pregnancies. Most ...
Leung Angela M - - 2011
Adequate iodine intake is required for the synthesis of thyroid hormones that are important for normal fetal and infant neurodevelopment. In this review, we discuss iodine physiology during pregnancy and lactation, methods to assess iodine sufficiency, the importance of adequate iodine nutrition, studies of iodine supplementation during pregnancy and lactation, ...
Natekar Aniket - - 2011
Quite a few of my female patients with rheumatic diseases and inflammatory bowel disease are using azathioprine. They are afraid to take a "cancer drug" during pregnancy. What is known about the risks? An increasing body of evidence from prospective cohort studies suggests that azathioprine is safe for the fetus ...
Banerjee Prajna - - 2011
The primary embryonic signal in primates is chorionic gonadotropin (CG, designated hCG in humans), that is classically associated with corpus luteum rescue and progesterone production. However, research over the past decade has revealed the presence of the hCG receptor in a variety of extragonadal tissues. Additionally, discoveries of the multiple ...
Sriskandan S S National Centre for Infection Prevention and Management, Department of Infectious Diseases & Immunity, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Campus, Du Cane Road, London W12 0NN, UK. - - 2011
Despite global efforts to reduce maternal mortality, maternal deaths from bacterial sepsis have actually risen in the UK. The group A streptococcus, also known as Streptococcus pyogenes, is the leading cause of infection-related death in pregnancy and the puerperium. Many clinicians remain unaware of the risks posed to this particular ...
Stanger James - - 2011
Occasionally, clinical scenarios arise where embryos, previously cryostored and warmed, need to be recryopreserved. The outcome of 30 such transfer cycles from 25 women where embryos were recryopreserved is detailed. In 16 cases, embryos were initially cryopreserved by slow freezing and in 14 cases by vitrification. The cryopreservation stages were ...
van der Sijpt Erica - - 2011
In the East Province of Cameroon, respectable womanhood has long been intrinsically related to ethics of production and reproduction: women attain social standing through productive work in the fields and through the reproduction of children - preferably within a marital setting. Yet, in the face of current alternative 'horizons of ...
Clifton V L - - 2011
Pregnancy induces a number of alterations to maternal physiology to accommodate the increased demands made by the developing fetus and placenta. These alterations appear at least in part to be driven by products derived from the feto-placental unit, including microchimeric cells, as well as placental exosomes and microparticles, inducing changes ...
Egbor Michael - - 2011
The management of red-cell alloimmunisation has been revolutionised by the widespread use of anti-D administration for mothers who are rhesus negative, and the availability of non-invasive, ultrasound-based techniques for reliable detection of moderate-to-severe fetal anaemia. With reduced frequency of alloimmunisation to the D antigen, antibodies to c and Kell antigen ...
Clark Shannon M - - 2012
NVP occurs in 50-90% of pregnancies, making it a common medical condition in pregnancy. Women present differently with any combination of signs and symptoms. It is appropriate to take the pregnancy-related versus nonpregnancy-related approach when determining the cause of nausea and vomiting but other causes should be considered. The most ...
Memtsa Maria - - 2012
Uterine artery embolisation (UAE) is a relative newcomer to the mainstream treatment modalities available for fibroid-related problems. The efficacy of UAE is indisputable and has been shown to be comparable to hysterectomy in the short term in large-scale trials. Moreover, compared with hysterectomy, UAE is less invasive, carries a superior ...
Dahl Mette - - 2012
BACKGROUND The human leucocyte antigen (HLA) class Ib molecules, HLA-E, -F and -G, are expressed at the materno-fetal interface. Because of the apparent immunoregulatory functions of these proteins, they may be involved in successful acceptance of the semi-allogenic fetus during pregnancy. METHODS The literature on polymorphisms of the three genes, ...
Buhimschi Irina A - - 2012
Proteomics, a relatively young science, originally emerged as a complement to genomics research. By definition, the goal of proteomics is to provide a snapshot of all the proteins within an organism, tissue or biological sample at a given moment. Proteomics has the ability to single out one or more proteins ...
Gauster M - - 2011
By its location between maternal and fetal bloodstreams the human placenta not only handles the materno-fetal transport of nutrients and gases, but may also be exposed to intrauterine conditions adversely affecting placental and fetal development. Such adverse conditions exist in pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and have been ...
Leung Tak Yeung - - 2011
Thalassaemia is the most common monogenetic disease worldwide. Antenatal screening is effective and simple, and accurate genetic prenatal diagnosis can be achieved in early gestation. Less invasive methods are feasible with ultrasound fetal assessment for alpha-thalassaemia, analysis of circulating fetal nucleic acid in maternal plasma, and pre-implantation genetic diagnosis. Women ...
Pieper P G - - 2011
Women with heart disease are at risk of cardiac complications during pregnancy and delivery. Risk assessment should be performed in these women, and the management of pregnancy and delivery should be planned accordingly. Depending on the risk, women should be cared for in specialised centres, regional centres or a combination ...
Gunel T - - 2011
Preeclampsia continues to be a mortal disease of pregnant women throughout the world. Recently, geneticists, allied with obstetricians, have opened new frontiers. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are members of a class of small, noncoding RNA molecules. They are critical posttranscriptional regulators of gene expression. We extracted circulating miRNA from maternal plasma and ...
Borrow Amanda P - - 2011
The hormone oxytocin (OT) is released both centrally and peripherally during and after mating. Although research in humans suggests a central role in sexuality, the most reliable findings to date involve peripheral activation. This review will discuss these results and will particularly focus on understanding the most recent findings from ...
De Giovanni Nadia - - 2011
It is clear that cocaine and cocaine metabolites are present in the placenta and may harm the fetus. The results of the experimental manipulation of cocaine exposure are not reported in the literature in a consistent manner. We conducted a systematic review of selected articles that demonstrated the analytical detection ...
Bryant Allison - - 2011
To explore attitudes about birth spacing among low-income, recently postpartum women, using qualitative methods, seven focus groups among postpartum women were conducted, probing knowledge and attitudes related to desired birth spacing. Transcripts of the discussions were reviewed and coded for salient themes using a Grounded Theory approach. In regards to ...
Simmonds Katherine - - 2011
Unintended pregnancy is a common reproductive health event. Professional responsibilities for nurses providing care to women with unintended pregnancies include appropriate assessment, options counseling, provision of or referral for desired services, care coordination, and prevention efforts aimed at decreasing future unintended pregnancies. Nurses' awareness of available services and their involvement ...
McIntyre H David - - 2011
The International Association of the Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups' (IADPSG) criteria for the diagnosis and classification of hyperglycemia in pregnancy are described and application of these in differing healthcare contexts on a worldwide basis is reported. Existing local protocols and known epidemiologic and clinical data regarding the detection and ...
Africa Charlene W J - - 2011
Background: Preterm birth significantly impacts on neonatal morbidity and mortality and is apparently increasing world-wide. Several studies have attempted to define a causative role for periodontal disease in adverse pregnancy outcomes but few have focused on the microbiology of periodontal disease in relation to these outcomes. Results: The evidence for ...
Saravelos Sotirios H - - 2011
Preconception counseling plays a key role in preparing for a pregnancy. In couples with a history of recurrent early pregnancy loss, counseling is of particular importance because women are invariably more distressed and require reassurance that everything possible is being done to avoid future pregnancy losses. Because their subsequent pregnancies ...
Tamay A G - - 2011
An advanced state of nausea and vomiting, which are common symptoms of early pregnancy, is known as hyperemesis gravidarum and may result in dehydration, ketonuria, catabolism and require hospitalisation. Aetiological factors include increased hCG and steroids, multiple pregnancy and vitamin deficiency. Differential diagnosis of nausea and vomiting should be made ...
Viteri Fernando E - - 2011
The iron endowment at birth depends, in large part, on the newborn's birth weight and gestational age. These are determined by many factors, some of which are maternal characteristics, including the following: maternal iron stores at her own birth and during her own early life, maternal growth and development, maternal ...
Wilby Kyle J - - 2011
Malaria is a serious parasitic infection, which affects millions of people worldwide. As pregnancy has been shown to alter the pharmacokinetics of many medications, the efficacy and safety of antimalarial drug regimens may be compromised in pregnant women. The objective of this review is to systematically review published literature on ...
Irvine Marie-Hélène - - 2011
Some of my pregnant patients wish to travel to malaria-endemic regions. Are there medications that can be used safely during pregnancy for malaria prophylaxis? Pregnant women should avoid travel to malaria-endemic areas if possible. However, if travel cannot be avoided, measures to prevent mosquito bites, along with an effective chemoprophylaxis ...
Taylor Diana - - 2011
Despite the frequency of and significant costs related to unintended pregnancy, it has received less attention in research and prevention guidelines development than other important health threats. This lack of attention has resulted in a system-wide failure to provide care to reproductive aged women who are at risk of unintended ...
Norris Shane A SA MRC/Wits Developmental Pathways for Health Research Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. - - 2011
In low-resource settings there is a need for effective interventions targeting women before and during pregnancy to improve their health outcomes and provide the best start to life for their infants. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview for designing, implementing, and evaluating such interventions. Drawing upon ...
Pettit Franziska - - 2011
The focus of this article is to review and challenge some current concepts surrounding the diagnosis and management of pre-eclampsia as well as considering where our management might head in the future. Pre-eclampsia is a syndrome defined by the new onset of hypertension in the 2nd half of pregnancy that ...
Stewart Donna E - - 2011
Evaluation and treatment (with psychotherapy, antidepressant therapy, or both) of women with depression during pregnancy are described. Data on potential benefits and risks to mothers and offspring are reviewed; overall, they suggest that absolute risks are small.
Than Nandor Gabor - - 2012
Galectins are multifunctional regulators of fundamental cellular processes. They are also involved in innate and adaptive immune responses, and play a functional role in immune-endocrine crosstalk. Some galectins have attracted attention in the reproductive sciences because they are highly expressed at the maternal-fetal interface, their functional significance in eutherian pregnancies ...
Makol Ashima - - 2011
Pregnancy can pose a challenge to the physician caring for women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). While many women with RA experience a spontaneous improvement in joint pain and inflammation during pregnancy, in others it remains active and they continue to need ongoing therapy. It is important to tailor the treatment ...
Fylstra Donald L - - 2011
Ectopic pregnancy is a very common diagnosis (2% of pregnancies), and implantation location varies. Although 97% of ectopics are implanted within the fallopian tube, associated with commonly recognized risk factors, ectopic implantation can occur in other pelvic and abdominal locations that may not have such predisposing risk factors. After an ...
Zaima Ahmed - - 2011
Fibroid in pregnancy is common in clinical obstetric practice. The topic is becoming more relevant in contemporary obstetrics due to the demographic shift towards delayed childbearing, the rising rate of obesity, and many pregnancies occurring after the treatment of fibroids. However, there are conflicting reports in the literature on many ...
Beard M P - - 2011
During pregnancy, the mother undergoes changes to sustain and enable normal growth and development of the fetus. Common physiological changes include linea nigra, fibroepithelial polyps, striae, spider angioma, palmar erythema and pruritis gravidarum. However, there are some changes that are purely pathological, and these are termed the pregnancy-specific dermatoses (PSDs). ...
Munoz-Suano Alba A Medical Research Council, Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, United - - 2012
Pregnancy frequently has a beneficial effect on the autoimmune disease Rheumatoid Arthritis, ranging from improvement in clinical symptoms to complete remission. Despite decades of study, a mechanistic explanation remains elusive. Here, we demonstrate that an analogous pregnancy-induced remission can be observed in a mouse model of arthritis. We demonstrate that ...
Chavatte-Palmer P - - 2011
Since the first success in cloning sheep, the production of viable animals by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) has developed significantly. Cattle are by far the most successfully cloned species but, despite this, the technique is still associated with a high incidence of pregnancy failure and accompanying placental and fetal ...
McLintock Claire - - 2011
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pregnancy and the postpartum is an important cause of maternal morbidity and mortality; yet, there are few robust data from clinical trials to inform an approach to diagnosis and management. Failure to investigate symptoms suggestive of pulmonary embolism (PE) is a consistent finding in maternal death ...
Andersson Ida-Maria - - 2011
Scand J Caring Sci; 2011 How women who have experienced one or more miscarriages manage their feelings and emotions when they become pregnant again - a qualitative interview study Aim:  The aim of this study was to investigate how women who have experienced one or more miscarriages manage their feelings ...
Workman Joanna L - - 2011
Pregnancy and motherhood constitute periods of tremendous hormonal variation that orchestrate parturition, lactation, maternal care, maternal aggression, and recognition of offspring, among other functions. Cognitive processing also varies during pregnancy and motherhood and may serve an adaptive function in preparation for parturition and rearing. Additionally, maternal experience may have enduring ...
Silver Robert M - - 2011
Subsequent pregnancies are emotionally traumatic for families with previous stillbirths. Such pregnancies have a 2- to 10-fold increase in the risk for stillbirth as well as an increased probability of other adverse obstetrical outcomes. These medical risks as well as anxiety on the part of families and care providers contribute ...
Sobaleva S - - 2011
Obesity contributes to worse outcomes following treatment using assisted reproductive technology (ART), including lower pregnancy and live birth rates and a higher miscarriage rate. This could be mediated through a detrimental effect on oocyte and embryo quality. Oocyte donation studies have suggested that endometrial changes also play a significant role. ...
Phillips Frankie - - 2011
Routine visits to primary care settings give health professionals a valuable opportunity to discuss sexual health with women, but may also be a first step in discussing a pregnancy; planned or otherwise. Since nutrition plays a vital role in any healthy pregnancy, it's a golden opportunity to give advice about ...
Saunders Natasha Ruth - - 2011
Assisted reproductive technologies have been widely used over the past 30 years, and 1% to 4% of births worldwide are products of these technologies. However, adverse health outcomes related to assisted reproductive technologies, including cerebral palsy, have been reported. We extracted and reviewed all relevant studies cited by Medline from ...
Walfisch A - - 2011
Preconception counseling (PCC) is aimed at identifying and modifying risks related to maternal health and pregnancy outcome, prior to pregnancy. The main components of PCC include: maternal risk assessment, maternal education, and initiation of interventions. It is an opportunity to provide essential information regarding pregnancy, possible risks and available management ...
Zargari Maryam - - 2011
In previous years, identification of fetal cells in maternal blood circulation has caused a new revolution in non-invasive method of prenatal diagnosis. Low number of fetal cells in maternal blood and long-term survival after pregnancy limited the use of fetal cells in diagnostic and clinical applications. With the discovery of ...
Lachat Maryanne F - - 2011
This article reviews the current research on periodontal disease and treatment and its potential impact on maternal and newborn outcomes and provides recommendations for care management and prevention. These guidelines will be helpful for nurse professionals who are in a unique position to counsel pregnant women to improve the oral ...
Landau J L - - 2011
Pregnancy is characterized by multiple physiologic changes. During the entire gestational period, both mother and infant are vulnerable to a variety of external and internal factors. Maternal disease, use of certain medications, drugs, alcohol, smoking, and radiation exposure can have devastating effects on the fetus. Pregnancy-related complications in women with ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >