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Zhang Xiao-le XL Department of Gynecology, Shuguang Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, 201203, - - 2014
To investigate the clinical effect of sequential therapeutic intervention Yupei Qisun [compensating for weakness by invigorating Kidney (Shen) and Spleen (Pi) in advance] in Chinese medicine (CM) and hysteroscopic endometrial mechanical stimulation on the treatment of infertile patients with repeated implantation failure (RIF); and to study the differences in patients' ...
Uyar Ibrahim I Ege (Aegean) Maternity and Gynecology Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey, - - 2014
To determine the maternal serum N-Terminal proBNP levels in predicting development of preeclampsia. Sixty-eight patients were included in the study. The study group consisted of patients with the finding of diastolic notch with abnormal pulsatility index (PI) between 21-24 weeks gestation and the control group consisted of patients without diastolic notch ...
Huang Na N College of Science, Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang, People's Republic of - - 2014
To evaluate whether the addition of E2 for luteal phase support (LPS) in IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) could improve the outcome of clinical pregnancy. Meta-analysis. University hospital center. Women underwent IVF or ICSI using the GnRH agonist or GnRH antagonist protocol. Progesterone alone or combined with E2 for LPS. Clinical ...
Woldu Zufan Lakew - - 2014
Group B streptococcus (GBS) has been implicated in adverse pregnancy outcomes. GBS recto-vaginal colonization rates significantly vary among different communities and geographic locations. Limited data is available on the prevalence and effects of GBS recto-vaginal colonization among pregnant mothers in developing countries like Ethiopia. To assess the prevalence of GBS ...
Lee Seung Mi SM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (S.M.L., J.K.J., S.A.K., B.J.K., C.-W.P., J.S.P.); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul Metropolitan Government Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, Korea (S.M.L., B.J.K.); and Samsung Medison Co, Seoul, Korea - - 2014
To evaluate whether fetal urine production measurement is useful for predicting adverse outcomes in patients with uteroplacental insufficiency. We enrolled patients with uteroplacental insufficiency at 24 to 40 weeks' gestation and normal pregnancies matched for gestational age and divided them into 3 groups according to perinatal outcomes: group 1 (n ...
Alrabeeah Khalid K Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
To evaluate testicular sperm aspiration (TESA) sperm retrieval rates and intracytoplasmic sperm injection outcomes in nonazoospermic men. Data were collected retrospectively from 54 consecutive, nonazoospermic, infertile men who underwent TESA between March 2007 and September 2012. Sperm retrieval rates and clinical pregnancy outcomes were recorded. Patients were subgrouped based on ...
Pfeifer L F M LF Embrapa Rondonia, Porto Velho, RO, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate whether timed artificial insemination (TAI) according to the diameter of the dominant preovulatory follicle (POF) would improve pregnancy rates in beef cows. In Experiment 1, a retrospective meta-analysis of 5 oestradiol- or gonadotropin-releasing hormone-based TAI experiments from 2011 to 2014 was performed ...
Sanchez J M JM Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery, University of Cordoba, Cordoba, - - 2014
In cattle, ~40% of embryonic loss occurs in the period from Day 8 to Day 16 of pregnancy. A significant proportion of embryo loss may be due to inadequate circulating progesterone (P4) concentrations. Low P4 concentrations have also been implicated as a causative factor in the low pregnancy rates (PR) ...
Pinheiro V G VG Department of Pharmacology, IBB, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo, - - 2014
The follicular growth in cattle occurs in a wave pattern of 2 to 3 waves per oestrous cycle and is characterised by synchronous growth of a cohort of antral follicles, where usually only one of these will become dominant. The amount of recruited follicles per wave is variable between animals ...
López-Tello J J Dpto. Producción Animal, ETSIA, UPM, Madrid, - - 2014
The failure of fetuses to achieve their full growth potential is known as intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Sildenafil citrate (SC) is a phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE-5) inhibitor, which enhances nitric oxide (NO)-dependent vasodilatation, and it may have a potential therapeutic role in the treatment of IUGR. The aim of this study ...
Kose M M Dicle University, Diyarbakir, - - 2014
In this experimental study, we tested the hypothesis that exogenous progesterone and GnRH applications would prevent the detrimental effect of prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α; a) on early pregnancy in ewes by sustaining high plasma progesterone level. For this purpose, 9 pregnant ewes (mating day=0) were divided into 2 groups on Day ...
Valentino S S INRA, UMR1198 Biologie du Développement et Reproduction, Jouy-en-Josas, - - 2014
Airborne pollution has been associated with various adverse effects on human reproductive health, especially intrauterine growth retardation and early pregnancy loss. However, few studies have analysed its effect on early development. Diesel exhaust particles (DEP) have been shown to alter blastocyst formation when diluted in embryo culture medium (2010 Toxicol ...
Du F F College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, - - 2014
The Japanese Black cattle (Wagyu) plays a significant part in the Japanese beef industry because it is numerically the largest breed group and comprises ~93% of the national purebred beef cow herd. Japanese Black cattle are genetically predisposed to intense marbling and to a high percentage of unsaturated fat resulting ...
Toishibekov M M MM Institute of Experimental Biology, Almaty, Republic of - - 2014
This work evaluated alternative methods for goat morulae cryopreservation by using the High Security Vitrification Kit (Cryobiosystem): vitrification (V) and super-cooling ultra-rapid vitrification (SCURV). Vitrification was applied according to the method described by Vajta et al. (1998). Both treatments used a vitrification solution (VS) containing 20% ethylene glycol (EG), 20% ...
Souto L A S LA Biogénesis Bagó, Curitiba, Paraná, - - 2014
The negative effect of some diseases, such as bovine viral diarrhea (BVD), infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR), and Leptospirosis, on bovine reproduction rates are well known. The uses of vaccines are considered to be an important tool available in order to control reproductive losses but their efficiency is still controversial. The ...
Zacchini F F University of Teramo, Teramo, - - 2014
Oocyte maturation process includes the establishment of proper epigenetics marks, fundamental to ensure successful pregnancy. Epigenetic maturation of the oocyte depends on one-carbon-metabolism (OCM), whose key elements (cobalamin, folate) are crucial cofactors for the transfer of methyl groups onto chromatin. Commercially available IVM-media only partially supports oocyte metabolic requirements, and ...
Alvarez R H RH Agency for Agribusiness Technology of São Paulo, Piracicaba, SP, - - 2014
The injection of a low dose of eCG has the potential to induce multiple ovulation and pregnancies in cattle. The present study aimed to evaluate the ovarian response, conception rate and incidence of twin pregnancies of cyclic cows receiving 1 of 2 low doses of eCG. Multiparous Nellore (Bos t. ...
de la Mata J J JJ Instituto de Reproduccion Animal Cordoba (IRAC), Cordoba, - - 2014
Studies have shown that gonadotropin-releasing hormone-based protocols that reduce the period of progestin insertion and prolong the period from progestin removal to gonadotropin-releasing hormone and fixed-time AI (FTAI; named 5-day Co-Synch) results in similar or higher pregnancy rates than the conventional 7-day Co-Synch protocol in beef cows and heifers (Bridges ...
- - 2014
Use of eCG as an inducer of follicular growth has improved the efficacy of fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) protocols and increased the ovulatory responses and pregnancy rates in beef cattle with low body condition scores (BCS) or are recently postpartum and anestrous. However, there are other gonadotropins such as FSH ...
Swelum A - - 2014
The aim of the present study was comparing between the efficiency of FGA-30 (intravaginal polyurethane sponges impregnated with 30mg of flurogestone acetate; Synchropart®, Ceva Sante, Animale, France) and EAZI-Breed™ CIDR® (an inert silicone elastomer impregnated with 0.3g of natural progesterone; Pfizer Animal Health, Hamilton, New Zealand) to synchronize oestrus in ...
Karakas K K Ankara University, Ankara, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to compare the embryo recovery rate in Angora goats based on application timing; at the beginning (September - October; Group 1) and end (December; Group 2) of the breeding season and to evaluate the viability and survivability of fresh or vitrified-thawed embryos when transferred. ...
Scolari S S Department of Animal Reproduction, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
Pregnancy success is critical to the profitability of cattle operations. Attempts to reduce high rates of early embryonic loss mainly focus on the critical phase of embryo recognition by maternal tissue. However, the molecular events driving the uterine tissue toward a favourable stage, facilitating the maternal receptivity, are poorly understood. ...
Lee Evelyn E National Perinatal Epidemiology and Statistics Unit, School of Women's and Children's Health, University of New South Wales (UNSW), Level 2, McNevin Dickson Building, Randwick Hospitals Campus, Sydney 2031, Australia - - 2014
Is preimplantation genetic diagnosis for aneuploidy (PGD-A) with analysis of all chromosomes during assisted reproductive technology (ART) clinically and cost effective? The majority of published studies comparing a strategy of PGD-A with morphologically assessed embryos have reported a higher implantation rate per embryo using PGD-A, but insufficient data has been ...
Kamath Mohan S MS Reproductive Medicine Unit, Christian Medical College Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, 632004, - - 2014
Does transfer of supernatant embryo culture fluid (stimulation of endometrial embryo transfer - SEET) prior to vitrified warmed blastocyst transfer result in better clinical pregnancy and live birth rates than direct vitrified warmed blastocyst transfer? This randomized controlled trial compared SEET group and direct transfer group (control) in 60 women ...
Gibson-Helm Melanie - - 2014
BackgroundWomen of refugee background from Africa are reported to have a greater risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes compared to women born in resettlement countries. However, there is currently little insight into whether adverse pregnancy outcomes are more common among migrant women of refugee background, compared to women who have migrated ...
Nagy P P Emirates Industries for Camel Milk & Products, Farm & Veterinary Section, P.O. Box 294236, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address: - - 2014
The main objective of the present study was to compare milk production in pregnant versus nonpregnant dromedary camels. In addition, we described the effect of embryonic mortality on lactation and measured serum progesterone levels until d 60 to 90 of gestation. Twenty-five multiparous camels were selected in midlactation for 2 ...
Wallenius Marianne M National Service for Pregnancy and Rheumatic Disease, Dept. of Rheumatology, Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway; Dept of Neuroscience, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, - - 2014
Background: The risk of poor pregnancy outcomes including congenital malformations in offspring of men with inflammatory joint diseases (IJD) treated with disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) before conception is largely unknown. Objective: To examine outcomes of pregnancy in partners of male patients with IJD, one paternal group exposed and another ...
Lu Na N Reproductive Medical Center, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, - - 2014
Aim: To explore the effects of the distance between small intramural uterine fibroids (≤4 cm) and the endometrium on the outcomes of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). Methods: We prospectively analyzed pregnancy outcomes in 117 infertile women with small intramural uterine fibroids and 117 infertile women without uterine fibroids who ...
Christiansen Ob O Fertility Clinic 4071, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, - - 2014
To determine whether infusions with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) during early pregnancy increase live birth rate in women with secondary recurrent miscarriage compared with placebo. A single-centre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. A tertiary centre for recurrent miscarriage in Copenhagen, Denmark. A group of 82 women with unexplained secondary recurrent miscarriage and ...
Shalom-Paz Einat E IVF Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology , Hadera , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Spermatozoal morphology was reported to effect fertilization, embryo quality and pregnancy results in spontaneous conception and ART. Intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection (IMSI) is an innovative, not invasive technique, which examines the sperm with no harm at a magnification of 6000 × in order to obtain optimal sperm to ...
Ahmadzia Homa K HK Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duke University Medical Center, DUMC 3967, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2014
Group B streptococcus (GBS) can cause significant maternal and neonatal morbidity. Over the past 30 years, reductions in early-onset GBS neonatal sepsis in the United States have been attributable to the guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for antepartum screening and treating this organism during labor. This article ...
Miura R R The United Graduate School of Veterinary Sciences, Gifu University, Yanagido, Gifu, 501-1193, Japan; Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Inada, Obihiro, 080-8555, - - 2014
In this study, we examined the effect of the locations of the first-wave dominant follicle (DF) and corpus luteum (CL) on fertility. In total, 350 artificial insemination (AI) procedures were conducted (lactating dairy cows: n = 238, dairy heifers: n = 112). Ovulation was confirmed 24 h after AI. The ...
Fernández-Shaw S S URH García del Real, Madrid, 28023, Spain, - - 2014
To determine if blastocyst transfer increases the ongoing and cumulative pregnancy rates, compared with day 3 embryo transfer, in women of all ages when at least 4 zygotes are obtained. Prospective study including patients undergoing a first IVF/ICSI treatment and assigned to cleavage stage (n = 46) or blastocyst (n = 58) embryo transfer. ...
Liu Xiaohua X Obstetrics Department, International Peace Maternity & Child Health Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, - - 2014
To evaluate prevalence and pregnancy outcomes using the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) criteria and screening protocol vs. a standard two-step screening approach for gestational diabetes mellitus in Chinese twin pregnancies. A retrospective cohort study for pregnancies during 2007-2013 was performed in a tertiary hospital in ...
Fancsovits Peter P Division of Assisted Reproduction, First Department of Obstetrics and Gyneacology, Semmelweis University, Baross u. 27., 1088, Budapest, Hungary, - - 2014
This prospective randomized study reports the effect of hyaluronan-enriched embryo transfer media on the outcome of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) treatments. A total of 581 IVF-ET cycles were included in this study. In the Hyaluronan (HA) group (n = 290), embryos were transferred from hyaluronan-enriched transfer medium. In Control ...
Zhang Zheng Z Department of Andrology, Drum tower Hospital, Nanjing University, #321 Zhong Shan Road, Nanjing, 210008, China, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to carry out a meta-analysis for a comprehensive understanding and estimation of the association between sperm DNA Fragmentation Index (DFI) and pregnancy outcome after in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. Studies concerning the link of DFI with pregnancy outcome were ...
Velipaşaoğlu M M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Eskişehir Osmangazi University , Eskişehir , - - 2014
We assessed the neural injury markers (NIMs) in maternal and umbilical blood in preterm deliveries with and without intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and relationship between NIMs and neonatal complications. Deliveries between 24 and 34 weeks' gestation with (study group) and without (control group) IUGR were included to the study. Three ...
Teitelbaum Lisa L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
Non-invasive fetal RhD genotyping using cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) in the maternal blood allows targeted antenatal RhD prophylaxis in unsensitised RhD negative women. The purpose of this study was to determine the cost and benefit of this approach compared with routine antenatal RhD prophylaxis for all unsensitised RhD negative pregnant ...
Correia L L Adolescence Unit of Maternity Dr. Alfredo da Costa - Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, Lisbon, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
The main aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of adolescent pregnancy in the future contraceptive choices. A secondary aim is to verify whether these choices differ from those made after an abortion. Retrospective study. Adolescent Unit of a tertiary care center. 212 pregnant teenagers. Medical records review. Intended ...
Alsharnoubi Jehan J Medical Laser Department, National Institute of Laser Enhanced Sciences (NILES), Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt, - - 2014
Labor induction with traditional drugs is sometimes associated with fetal complications as fetal distress or death. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of labor induction by laser acupuncture on fetal well-being in post-term pregnancy. Nulliparous women at 40 weeks or greater were randomized to sham laser group ...
Asemi Z Z Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I. R. - - 2014
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has been recognized as a significant risk factor for unfavorable pregnancy outcomes. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent among women with GDM. This study was designed to assess the effect of vitamin D supplementation on pregnancy outcomes of pregnant women with GDM who were ...
Kolte A M AM Recurrent Pregnancy Loss Unit, Fertility Clinic 4071, University Hospital Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, København Ø, Denmark - - 2014
Pregnancy loss prior to viability is common and research in the field is extensive. Unfortunately, terminology in the literature is inconsistent. The lack of consensus regarding nomenclature and classification of pregnancy loss prior to viability makes it difficult to compare study results from different centres. In our opinion, terminology and ...
Benzer Nilgün N Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Selçuk University, Konya, - - 2014
Intermittent assessment of renal artery flow velocity waveforms during the early stages of pregnancy may help in predicting changes in amniotic fluid dynamics. The current study sought to determine the relation of renal artery and umbilical artery flow velocity waveforms with normal pregnancies and pregnancies complicated by either polyhydramnios or ...
Roy Suchitra S Department of Nutritional Medicine, Interactive Research School for Health Affairs; Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: Increased oxidative stress is known to be associated with pregnancy complications like preeclampsia (PE). We hypothesize that increased maternal oxidative stress may differentially affect/program the pregnancy outcome during early postnatal periods in male and female babies. Materials and methods: One hundred three healthy pregnant women (gestation ≥37 weeks) ...
Lee Chae Min CM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gachon University Gil Hospital, Gachon University Graduate School of Medicine, Incheon, - - 2014
To investigate clinical factors affecting the timing of delivery in twin pregnancies in order to minimize perinatal complications. A retrospective study involved 163 twin pregnancies delivered from January 2006 to September 2011 at Gachon University Gil Medical Center. These cases were divided into three groups based on the delivery timing: ...
Ozmen B B Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist protocol, with or without oral contraceptive pill (OCP) pretreatment, in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). In this retrospective cohort study, 410 infertile patients with PCOS were assessed in their first ICSI cycles between January ...
Liu Lubin L Chongqing Health Center for Women and Children, Chongqing Obstetric and Gynecologic Hospital, Chongqing, - - 2014
To compare a new method using fallopian tube stripping forceps (FTSF) for salpingostomy in laparoscopic tubal pregnancy management. Comparative observational study. A total of 102 patients with ampullary tubal pregnancy were treated as follows: 56 patients (Group 1) underwent stripping by FTSF, and 46 patients (Group 2) underwent salpingostomy. The ...
Cn S S Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St. Johns Medical College Hospital , Bengaluru , - - 2014
Objective. To compare the efficacy and safety of 50 mcg of sublingual misoprostol with 25 mcg of vaginal misoprostol for induction of labour at term. Method. Non blinded randomized prospective control study. 200 women with singleton term pregnancy, admitted for induction of labour, were randomized to receive either 25 mcg ...
Deaver S E SE Department of Animal and Poultry Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, - - 2014
Previous research has determined that PGF2α detrimentally affects pregnancy via direct effects on early embryonic development. Because early embryonic loss is relatively prevalent in lactating dairy cows, we hypothesized that pregnancy retention (and resulting conception rates) would be improved by administering a PGF2α receptor antagonist (AL-8810) shortly after insemination. Multiparous, ...
Kivistö K K Department of Social Pediatrics, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Central Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Opioid exposure during pregnancy is a potential risk factor for the developing central nervous system of the fetus. We studied evoked responses in buprenorphine-exposed newborns who displayed neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) to elucidate the possible alterations in functioning of the somatosensory and auditory systems. Methods: We compared somatosensory ...
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