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Groen Bart - - 2013
Despite tight glycemic control, pregnancy complication rate in type 1 diabetes patients is higher than in normal pregnancy. Other etiological factors may be responsible for the development of adverse pregnancy outcome. Acceptance of the semi-allogeneic fetus is accompanied by adaptations in the maternal immune-response. Maladaptations of the immune-response has been ...
de Camargo Nícholas F - - 2013
[This corrects the article on p. e49734 in vol. 7.].
de Camargo Nícholas F - - 2013
[This corrects the article on p. e49734 in vol. 7.].
Gharesi-Fard Behrouz - - 2012
Background: Normal pregnancy is thought to be dependent on Th2 deviation, while Recurrent Pregnancy Loss (RPL) and Pre-eclampsia (PE) appear to be biased toward the Th1 immune response. It is believed that the soluble form of CD30 (sCD30) is an index of Th2 immune response or modulator of Th1/Th2 responses. ...
van Hasselt J G Coen JG Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. - - 2012
Physiological changes during pregnancy may alter drug pharmacokinetics. Therefore, mechanistic understanding of these changes and, ultimately, clinical studies in pregnant women are necessary to determine if and how dosing regimens should be adjusted. Because of the typically limited number of patients who can be recruited in this patient group, efficient ...
Seyedoshohadaei Fariba F Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Besat Hospital, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, - - 2012
Unovulation is the most common cause of infertility. The first line oral treatment has been clomiphene citrate. Another anti-estrogen used for ovulation induction is tamoxifen. Many unovulatory infertile women are resistance to anti-estrogens and need another treatment. Alternative treatments are aromatas inhibitors. This study was designed to compare the effectiveness ...
Eftekhar Maryam M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2012
Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) has been used as a replacement for the mid-cycle luteinizing hormone (LH) surge for several years. The recent arrival of recombinant DNA technology has made recombinant HCG (rHCG) accessible. To assess efficacy of rHCG compared to urinary HCG (uHCG) for triggering of ovulation and induction of ...
Kara Mustafa M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bozok University, Medical Faculty, Yozgat, - - 2012
The latest studies reported that local endometrial injury is a useful method to improve the success of IVF-ICSI outcome. To assess whether local endometrial injury occurred by Pipelle in the spontaneous cycle could improve implantation rate, cleavage rate, and pregnancy outcome in the subsequent IVF-ICSI cycle in patients who had ...
Olmstead Spencer B - - 2012
We conducted a qualitative content analysis of written responses from 148 college men to questions about pregnancy resolution and marriage in the event of an unplanned pregnancy. We used Marsiglio's ( 1991 ) concepts of procreative consciousness and responsibility as a source of theoretical sensitivity during data analysis. Men's written ...
McNeill B A - - 2012
The factors regulating the greatly elevated concentrations of maternal plasma C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) forms in ruminant pregnancy are largely unknown, but nutrient status is likely to be important. Previous work has shown that increases in maternal plasma CNP, sourced from the placenta, occur in response to caloric restriction in ...
Mashiach Reuven - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To investigate the emotional response in cases of multifetal reduction and pregnancy termination and to compare the psychological response between these two groups. Methods: A prospective study in a tertiary-care, university-affiliated medical center. The study group included 65 women who had been advised to terminate pregnancy because of ...
Maman Ettie - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate the prognosis of patients with a first treatment cycle that was defined as a poor ovarian response cycle according to the new ESHRE consensus criteria. The first documented cycle of poor response for a patient and all the cycles that followed were ...
Amirzargar Mohammad Ali MA Department of Urology, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, - - 2012
The most frequent physical finding in infertile men is varicocele, in which one of the mechanisms that can affect seminal parameters is oxidative stress. Our study aimed, for the first time, to compare the efficacy of recombinant human follicle-stimulating hormone (rhFSH), human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) and human menopausal gonadotropin (HMG) ...
Azar Beth - - 2012
Open a gossip magazine or turn on the television and you are more likely than ever to see some mention or portrayal of an adolescent mom. For the past several years, adolescent pregnancy has received much press with top billing on ABC's drama "Secret Life of the American Teenager" and ...
Groth Susan W - - 2012
To gain insight into how low-income, pregnant African American women viewed their weight gain while pregnant and how they managed their weight during pregnancy. Descriptive study using three focus groups. Women were recruited from urban prenatal care sites and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) ...
McNicholas Colleen - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Teen pregnancy continues to plague the United States. This review will discuss long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) method use in teens, comprising intrauterine devices and subdermal implants. RECENT FINDINGS: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists along with the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Centers for Disease Control, ...
Eftekhar Maryam M Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2012
GnRH agonist and antagonist were developed to control the premature release of LH surge. There is some difference between two protocols. We compared the outcome of frozen-thawed embryo transfer in infertile women who used GnRH agonist or antagonist protocol for previous COH cycle and evaluation of any adverse effect of ...
Asgharnia Maryam M Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Guilan, - - 2012
Vaginal sonograghy and serial -hCG are the most common diagnostic methods for ectopic pregnancy but about 50% of cases are initially misdiagnosed. In tubal pregnancy the zygote lies next to the muscular layer, and this invasion causes an increase in creatine phosphokinase (CPK) in blood. assessment of CPK and its ...
Glynn Laura M - - 2012
Maternal cortisol levels (at 15, 19, 25, 31 and 37 weeks' gestation) and fetal movement response to vibroacoustic stimulation (VAS; at 25, 31 and 37 weeks) were assessed in 190 mother-fetus pairs. Fetuses showed a response to the VAS at 25 weeks and there was evidence of increasing maturation in the response at ...
Jamal Ashraf A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2012
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) often are infertile and even if they become pregnant, there are complications with some adverse outcomes. It has been reported that aspirin and metformin improve uteroplacental circulation and reduce pregnancy complications. To determine and compare uteroplacental circulation and obstetrics complications in pregnant women with ...
Goodrich Kara - - 2012
African Americans and overweight or obese women are at increased risk for excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) and postpartum weight retention. Interventions are needed to promote healthy GWG in this population; however, research on exercise and nutritional barriers during pregnancy in African American women is limited. The objective of this ...
Griffin Daniel - - 2012
Multiple gestations resulting from IVF continue to be a major problem associated with maternal/neonatal morbidity and mortality including preterm labour/delivery, pre-eclampsia and post-partum haemorrhage. A prospective survey at a university IVF clinic evaluated the effect of education and insurance coverage on patients' preferences for single-embryo transfer (SET) versus double-embryo transfer ...
Panchal Sonia - - 2012
The use of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs and biological therapy is variable throughout pregnancy. This questionnaire-based study was undertaken to explore and compare the current practice amongst rheumatologists and obstetricians across the UK, regarding the use of drugs during pregnancy. A questionnaire was devised to address issues regarding individual drugs used ...
Faupel-Badger Jessica M - - 2012
A history of a preeclamptic pregnancy has been associated with subsequent increased risk of cardiovascular disease in the mother and decreased risk of breast cancer in both the mother and offspring. The concentrations of steroid sex hormones, angiogenic factors, and other proteins during pregnancy are important components of the in ...
Carter David - - 2012
Abstinence-only programs are associated with increased pregnancy and birth rates.
Adesiyun A G - - 2012
This is a case report of a 20-year old para 0+0 who presented with an 11-month pregnancy. On evaluation, the pregnancy was found to be a fake made-up 'calabash pregnancy'. There were no pregnancy symptoms and she had just menstruated three weeks prior to presentation. This was a deliberate event ...
Tocce Kristina - - 2012
The use of fetal destructive instruments found in curio cabinets may be unfathomable; however, these instruments continue to have a role in select cases. A 30-year-old multigravida at 40 weeks' gestation had 3 prior normal vaginal deliveries in Africa followed by a cesarean delivery with a complicated postoperative course in ...
Ragland Denise - - 2012
Based on a survey of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy Women's Health Practice and Research Network and our own experience, the pharmacy profession has limited involvement in obstetric pharmacotherapy. We believe that such involvement in pregnancies with complicated conditions can result in significant improvement of pregnancy outcomes. Moreover, we ...
Carter Marion W MW Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. - - 2012
Although young adults in the United States are at increased risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unintended pregnancy, they do not report high rates of dual-method use (condoms plus other contraception) for prevention. We used prospective qualitative data from 69 urban Puerto Rican and African American individuals aged 18 ...
Borman E - - 2012
To determine if in a population of women with diminished oocyte reserve as evidenced by day 3 serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels > 12 mIU/ml women with lower dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-s) levels produce fewer oocytes or have lower pregnancy rates following in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) compared to women ...
Larsen Wilma I - - 2012
To determine the risk factors for late postpartum preeclampsia. This was a retrospective case control study of women readmitted in the postpartum period (>48 hours and <4 weeks) with preeclampsia. Inclusion criteria were readmission with confirmed preeclampsia. Variables examined were age, race, parity, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia in labor, mode of ...
Klimkiewicz-Blok Dominika - - 2012
Cytokines play an essential role in the regulation of immunological responses. Interleukin 15 (IL-15) is a glycoprotein secreted primarily by macrophages and monocytes. IL-15 plays a key role in the immunological response of the cellular type. The objective of this study was to evaluate changes in the concentration of interleukin ...
Torrado Juan J Physiology Department, School of Medicine, Republic University, General Flores 2125, PC:11800, Montevideo, Uruguay. - - 2012
Preeclampsia/eclampsia syndrome, a major cause of maternal mortality and morbidity, has been recognized as a condition with a globally impaired endothelial function (EF). The possibility of identifying early subclinical endothelial damage during pregnancy could be of value in classifying the different hypertensive states of pregnancy, and have a positive impact ...
Akbari Soheila S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Asalian Hospital, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khoramabad, - - 2012
Clomiphene citrate (CC) an agonist and antagonist of estrogen, is the first line treatment in ovarian stimulation. Anti-estrogenic effect of CC in endometrial thickness and cervical mucus has negative effect on pregnancy rate. Letrozole is an Aromatase Inhibitor has been seen that has acceptable pregnancy rate compared to CC. The ...
Haas Jigal - - 2011
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and outcomes of umbilical cord hernias diagnosed prenatally. Methods- We conducted a retrospective study of all pregnancies with the diagnosis of a fetal umbilical cord hernia during a 5-year period. All women received care from a multidisciplinary team and ...
Chen Xinliang - - 2011
Abstract Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), the most common medical condition of pregnancy affects up to 80% of all pregnancies to some extent, and hyperemesis gravidarum does less than 1% of pregnant women. When hyperemesis gravidarum induces diaphragmatic tear, diagnosis can be missed because of non-specific presentation with abdominal ...
Badawy Ahmed - - 2011
Failure to respond adequately to standard protocols and to recruit adequate follicles is called 'poor response'. This results in decreased oocyte production, cycle cancellation and, overall, is associated with a significantly diminished probability of pregnancy. It has been shown that ovarian reserve tests, such as basal FSH, antimullarian hormone (AMH), ...
Sandman C A CA 1Women and Children's Health and Well-Being Project, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California, Irvine, Orange, CA, - - 2011
There is evidence that fetal exposure to maternal stress is associated with adverse birth outcomes. Less is known about the association between fetal responses to a stressor and indicators of fetal maturity and developmental outcomes. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether fetal heart rate (FHR) patterns ...
Ahmed Adamu - - 2011
A 28 year old woman presented with a spontaneous rupture of an umbilical hernia in her seventh month of pregnancy. She had four previous unsupervised normal deliveries. There was no history of trauma or application of herbal medicine on the hernia. The hernia sac ruptured at the inferior surface where ...
Lee Do Kyung do - - 2011
Round ligament varicosities during pregnancy are rare, and can easily be mistaken for an inguinal hernia. On physical examination, round ligament varicosities and groin hernia are difficult to distinguish. The diagnosis of round ligament varicosities can be established on gray-scale and color Doppler sonography. We experienced a case of round ...
Hou Zhi-Qiang - - 2011
Abstract Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) may occur during pregnancy, but its prevalence is very low. It is conjectured that SSNHL is closely related to the changes in the cardiovascular system, hematological system, endocrine system, and/or some other systems due to pregnancy. These changes possibly evoke disorders of cochlear circulation ...
Budin Wendy C - - 2011
In this column, the editor of The Journal of Perinatal Education discusses how the media provide role models-good and bad-for pregnancy, birth, and breastfeeding. There is a critical need for more positive role models that promote natural, safe, and healthy pregnancy and birth. The editor also describes the contents of ...
Punguyire Damien - - 2011
While umbilical hernias frequently occur during pregnancy, the few reported cases of uterine or fibroid incarceration in ventral hernias during pregnancy all involved incisional abdominal wall defects from prior laparotomies and Cesarean sections; none involved umbilical hernias. We discuss the case of a 42-year-old well-developed, well-nourished grand multiparous woman (G8P7) ...
Mohammadi Shabnam S Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2011
One of the undesirable effects of maternal nicotine exposure during pregnancy is pulmonary hypertension. Since nicotine binds to its receptors on pulmonary vessels the hypothesis of this research was the possible structural changes that nicotine may cause on newborn vessels. Twenty-four female BALB/c mice were mated and finding vaginal plug ...
Khandelwal Meena - - 2011
Background. The optimal treatment for management of esophageal achalasia in pregnancy is controversial. Little information exists about pregnancy outcome after successful myotomy. Case. Achalasia in pregnancy was diagnosed when a patient presented with pneumomediastinum from microrupture of the overdistended esophagus. An attempt at surgical correction failed due to the development ...
Enquist Magnus - - 2011
Several theories, including psychodynamic theories, sexual imprinting and early conditioning have been formulated to explain sexual development. Empirical data, however, remain insufficient for a thorough evaluation of these theories. In this study, we test the hypothesis that a critical period exists for the acquisition of sexual preferences, as suggested by ...
Vieira-Filho Leucio D - - 2011
Prenatal malnutrition is responsible for the onset of alterations in renal Na(+) transport in the adult offspring. Here we investigated the molecular mechanisms by which increased formation of reactive oxygen species during prenatal malnutrition affects the pathways that couple angiotensin II (Ang II) receptors (AT(1)R and AT(2)R) to kidney Na(+)-ATPase ...
Nicoletti-Carvalho José E - - 2010
Maternal pancreatic islets undergo a robust increase of mass and proliferation during pregnancy, which allows a compensation of gestational insulin resistance. Studies have described that this adaptation switches to a low proliferative status after the delivery. The mechanisms underlying this reversal are unknown, but the action of glucocorticoids (GCs) is ...
Hamilton Marcus J - - 2011
Over many millions of years of independent evolution, placental, marsupial and monotreme mammals have diverged conspicuously in physiology, life history and reproductive ecology. The differences in life histories are particularly striking. Compared with placentals, marsupials exhibit shorter pregnancy, smaller size of offspring at birth and longer period of lactation in ...
Scarabin Catherine - - 2010
We report the association of gigantomastia during pregnancy and a lactating adenoma in ectopic breast tissue of the vulva in a context of myasthenia in a 27-year-old primigravid woman. We discuss the pathophysiologic condition and management of gigantomastia that involves ectopic breast tissue during pregnancy.
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