Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1039
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Myers Dean A DA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, 73140, USA, - - 2014
The fetus has the extraordinary capacity to respond to stress during development, which, in a large part, is mediated by the hypothalamo- pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Hypoxia represents a significant risk to fetal homeostasis and can occur in a wide range of settings including maternal smoking, preeclampsia, preterm labor and high ...
Hansen Thomas R TR Animal Reproduction and Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, 3197 Rampart Road, Fort Collins, CO, 80521, USA, - - 2014
Successful pregnancy includes remodeling and differentiation of the endometrium in response to sex steroid hormones, development of maternal immunotolerance to the implanting embryo, and modification of the local uterine environment by the embryo to suit its own needs. The major signal released by the ruminant conceptus during establishment of pregnancy ...
Yildirim Mehmet Erol ME Department of Urology, Turgut Ozal University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara 06510, Turkey. - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate the predictive power of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), testosterone, testicular biopsy histology and male age were evaluated with respect to the success of sperm retrieval in a microdissection testicular sperm extraction (microTESE) procedure, pregnancy and live birth rates. Materials and Methods: We examined the data ...
Hafeez Neveen A Abedel - - 2014
Preeclampsia is a multisystem disorder of unknown cause that is unique to human pregnancy affecting about 7-10% of pregnant women. CD4+CD25(bright) regulatory T (Treg) cells have been identified as a principle regulator of tolerance during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the change of peripheral CD4+CD25(bright) regulatory ...
Zhang Shu S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing University Medical School, Jiangsu, - - 2014
In this study, we aimed to determine the provincial population-based seroprevalence in pregnant women and to further explore the association of maternal CMV infection status and adverse pregnancy/neonatal/growth outcomes in Jiangsu, China. In this case-control study, the sera from 527 pregnant women with adverse pregnancy/neonatal outcomes and 496 mothers of ...
Heidari-Bateni Giv G 0000-0001-5631-0399 Division of Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, - - 2014
Objectives. To report the pharyngeal colonization rate of β-hemolytic streptococci and changes in the value of antistreptolysin O (ASO) and anti-DNase B serology titers during pregnancy. Methods. Healthy pregnant women were recruited and blood was drawn in each trimester. The upper limit of normal (ULN) values for ASO and anti-DNase ...
Zhu Li-Jun LJ Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, The Fifth Hospital of Shanghai Affiliated to Fudan University Shanghai 200240, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate changes in the expression levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in the trophoblasts of patients who had experienced missed abortions. The missed abortion group included 28 patients with missed abortions. The control group was comprised of 35 women ...
Tarokhian Batoul B Acquired Immunodeficiency Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Some evidence has shown a relationship between primary human cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and pregnancy loss. The impact of CMV infection reactivation during pregnancy on adverse pregnancy outcomes is not completely understood. It is proposed that altered immune response, and therefore, recurrence or reactivation of latent CMV infection may relate to ...
Kane Andrew - - 2013
Hypoxia is a common challenge to the fetus, promoting a physiological defence to redistribute blood flow towards the brain and away from peripheral circulations. During acute hypoxia, reactive oxygen species (ROS) interact with nitric oxide (NO) to provide an oxidant tone, which contributes to the mechanisms redistributing the fetal cardiac ...
Stampalija Tamara T Perinatology Research Branch, NICHD/NIH/DHHS , Bethesda, Maryland, and Detroit, Michigan , USA - - 2014
Intra-amniotic infection/inflammation (IAI) is causally linked with spontaneous preterm labor and delivery. The ST2L receptor and its soluble form (sST2) are capable of binding to interleukin (IL)-33, a member of the IL-1 superfamily. Members of this cytokine family have been implicated in the onset of spontaneous preterm labor in the ...
Kacerovsky Marian - - 2013
To determine the influence of microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity and acute histological chorioamnionitis on the intensity of the intraamniotic inflammatory response and neonatal morbidity in preterm prelabor rupture of membranes between 34 and 37 weeks. This study included 99 women with singleton pregnancies complicated by preterm prelabor rupture ...
Dipietro Janet A - - 2013
The bidirectional nature of mother-child interaction is widely acknowledged during infancy and childhood. Prevailing models during pregnancy focus on unidirectional influences exerted by the pregnant woman on the developing fetus. Prior work has indicated that the fetus also affects the pregnant woman. Our objective was to determine whether a maternal ...
Musilova Ivana - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the intensity of the fetal inflammatory response, characterized by umbilical cord blood IL-6 levels, and neonatal outcome in the preterm prelabor rupture of membrane (PPROM) pregnancies using the pulsatile fetal splenic vein flow pattern. Methods: Women with singleton pregnancies complicated by PPROM at a gestational age ...
Boots Christina E CE University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; NorthShore University Health System, Chicago, - - 2013
To evaluate the effects of methotrexate (MTX) on the future fertility of women undergoing IVF by comparing ovarian reserve and ovarian responsiveness in the IVF cycle before and after an ectopic pregnancy (EP) treated with MTX. Retrospective cohort study. Private reproductive endocrinology and infertility practice. Sixty-six women undergoing IVF before ...
Rosenfeld Charles R - - 2013
The uteroplacental vasculature is refractory to α-adrenergic stimulation, and large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels (BKCa) may contribute. We examined the effects of uterine artery (UA) BKCa inhibition with tetraethylammonium (TEA) on hemodynamic responses to phenylephrine (PE) at 101 to 117 days and 135 to 147 days of ovine gestation, obtaining ...
Golkari Ali A Department of Dental Public Health , - - 2013
Periodontal disease is considered as a risk factor for poor pregnancy outcomes, including preterm birth and low birth weight. Only few studies have assessed the knowledge and practice behaviours of healthcare providers, concerning oral health during pregnancy, periodontal diseases and their role in adverse pregnancy outcomes. The present study aimed ...
Ghosh Sangita - - 2013
Intra-hepatic cholestasis of pregnancy is a cholestatic disorder characterized by i) pruritus, with onset in the third trimester of pregnancy, without any primary skin lesions, ii) elevated fasting serum bile acids > 10 μmol/L (and elevated serum transaminases), iii) spontaneous relief of signs and symptoms within two to three weeks ...
Voegtline Kristin M - - 2013
Knowledge about prenatal learning has been largely predicated on the observation that newborns appear to recognize the maternal voice. Few studies have examined the process underlying this phenomenon; that is, whether and how the fetus responds to maternal voice in situ. Fetal heart rate and motor activity were recorded at ...
Wyatt Stephanie N - - 2013
This is a qualitative descriptive study evaluating the maternal response after the woman has learned her pregnancy has a poor prognosis via telemedicine rather than in a traditional, face-to-face, consultation method. In general, telemedicine was positively viewed by the participants; however, the experience may be markedly improved by implementing several ...
Brown Stephen D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To determine (1) whether fetal care paediatric (FCP) and maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) specialists harbour differing attitudes about pregnancy termination for congenital fetal conditions, their perceived responsibilities to pregnant women and fetuses, and the fetus as a patient and (2) whether self-perceived primary responsibilities to fetuses and women and views ...
Hine Kristen - - 2013
Some have challenged Thomson's case of the famous unconscious violinist (UV) by arguing that in cases of consensual sex a woman is partially morally responsible for the existence of a needy fetus; since she is partially responsible she ought to assist the fetus, and so abortion is morally wrong. Call ...
Kahlo Kristina - - 2013
PROBLEM: The immune modulatory effect of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is well documented in studies about sepsis and transplantation. This work evaluates the influence of HO-1 on the innate immune response during pregnancy. METHOD OF STUDY: Human first-trimester trophoblasts derived from normal pregnancies or spontaneous abortions were analyzed for their basal ...
Nicholson Wanda W Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA. - - 2013
Inflammation may influence gestational hyperglycemia, but to date, the data from observational studies is largely limited to results from the third trimester of pregnancy. Our objective was to evaluate first trimester adipocytokine levels. We sought to determine whether first trimester adiponectin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF)-alpha concentrations were independently associated ...
Ellington Sascha R - - 2013
This article provides the evidence for contraceptive need to prevent unintended pregnancy during an emergency response, discusses the most appropriate types of contraceptives for disaster situations, and details the current provisions in place to provide contraceptives during an emergency response.
Bonde Lisbeth - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: We investigated postprandial glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) responses in pregnant women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and again following delivery when normal glucose tolerance (NGT) was re-established. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven women with GDM (plasma glucose (PG) concentration at 120 min after 75 g-oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT): ...
Finken Martijn J J MJ Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Overt hypothyroidism in pregnant women is associated with poorer neurodevelopment in their children. Findings from studies investigating the effect of less severe impairments in the maternal thyroid function on cognitive functioning in offspring are difficult to interpret for a number of reasons, including lack of objective cognitive tests, preschool age ...
Varli Ingela Hulthén - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to compare placental findings from early preterm stillbirths with gestational week-matched liveborn infants. The main focus was to investigate the differences in the presence and distribution of inflammatory signs in the placentas of these two groups, especially referring to histological acute chorioamnionitis ...
Torricelli Michela - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate whether maternal weight and BMI and their increase throughout pregnancy are associated with the response to labor induction in postdate pregnancies. Methods: A total of 376 nulliparous women carrying singleton postdate pregnancies with unfavorable cervix were enrolled. We considered as primary outcome vaginal delivery within 24 ...
Meyer Barbara J BJ Metabolic Research Centre, School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2500, - - 2013
Maternal obesity is associated with high plasma triglyceride, poor vascular function, and an increased risk for pregnancy complications. In normal-weight pregnant women, higher triglyceride is associated with increased small, dense low-density lipoprotein (LDL). In obese pregnancy, increased plasma triglyceride concentrations result in triglyceride enrichment of very low-density lipoprotein-1 particles and ...
McAlister Barbara S - - 2013
Two pregnant women, one obese and one of extremely small stature, received antepartum recommendations from their health care providers to schedule cesarean births. In response, both women sought providers who would support their desire to attempt vaginal birth. The women's perspectives on their birth experiences along with the pertinent medical ...
Kacerovsky Marian - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the influence of microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC) and histological chorioamnionitis (HCA) on the intensity of the fetal inflammatory response and the occurrence of fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS) in preterm prelabor rupture of membranes. Methods: One hundred forty-nine women with singleton pregnancies complicated ...
Björkander Sophia - - 2013
Monocytes are precursors of macrophages and recruited to the uterus throughout pregnancy to perform important immunological functions. In this study we hypothesized that pregnant women have reduced peripheral monocyte expression ofchemokine receptors and alterations in PBMC responses to microbial stimuli as an adaption to pregnancy and that these changes are ...
Chervenak Frank A - - 2013
Abstract Ethics is an essential component for the responsible clinical management of multiple gestation and decision-making about such pregnancies with pregnant women. The ethical concept of the fetus as a patient is presented as the basis for identifying a professionally responsible approach to selective termination, twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, and to ...
Park Chan-Wook - - 2013
Although intra-amniotic(IA) infection is present in both preterm labor and intact membranes(PTL) and preterm premature rupture of membranes(preterm-PROM), it is more common in preterm-PROM than in PTL. Microorganisms and their products in the amniotic-cavity can elicit an inflammatory-response in fetus as well as in amniotic-cavity in the progression of acute ...
Jang Young-Eun - - 2013
The vasovagal response is characterized by an inappropriate combination of bradycardia and paradoxical vasodilation. During a general or neuraxial anesthesia-induced sympathectomy, a sudden vagal activation and/or an acute reduction in sympathetic tone can cause serious vasovagal responses. Neuraxial anesthesia for Cesarean section may trigger vasovagal response, due to multiple risk ...
Kimiaei Parichehr - - 2013
This retrospective cohort study was designed in a selective group of 185 patients diagnosed with and treated for ectopic pregnancy. Intramuscular administration of a single dose of methotrexate (50 mg/m(2)) was performed to measure predictors of failure or resistance to treatment necessitating surgical intervention. During the time of treatment with a ...
Bresani Cristiane Campello - - 2013
Pregnancy anemia remains as a public health problem, since the official reports in the 70's. To guide the treatment of iron-deficiency anemia in pregnancy, the haemoglobin concentration is the most used test in spite of its low accuracy, and serum ferritin is the most reliable test, although its cutoff point ...
Groen Bart - - 2013
Despite tight glycemic control, pregnancy complication rate in type 1 diabetes patients is higher than in normal pregnancy. Other etiological factors may be responsible for the development of adverse pregnancy outcome. Acceptance of the semi-allogeneic fetus is accompanied by adaptations in the maternal immune-response. Maladaptations of the immune-response has been ...
de Camargo Nícholas F - - 2013
[This corrects the article on p. e49734 in vol. 7.].
de Camargo Nícholas F - - 2013
[This corrects the article on p. e49734 in vol. 7.].
Gharesi-Fard Behrouz - - 2012
Background: Normal pregnancy is thought to be dependent on Th2 deviation, while Recurrent Pregnancy Loss (RPL) and Pre-eclampsia (PE) appear to be biased toward the Th1 immune response. It is believed that the soluble form of CD30 (sCD30) is an index of Th2 immune response or modulator of Th1/Th2 responses. ...
van Hasselt J G Coen JG Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. - - 2012
Physiological changes during pregnancy may alter drug pharmacokinetics. Therefore, mechanistic understanding of these changes and, ultimately, clinical studies in pregnant women are necessary to determine if and how dosing regimens should be adjusted. Because of the typically limited number of patients who can be recruited in this patient group, efficient ...
Olmstead Spencer B - - 2012
We conducted a qualitative content analysis of written responses from 148 college men to questions about pregnancy resolution and marriage in the event of an unplanned pregnancy. We used Marsiglio's ( 1991 ) concepts of procreative consciousness and responsibility as a source of theoretical sensitivity during data analysis. Men's written ...
McNeill B A - - 2012
The factors regulating the greatly elevated concentrations of maternal plasma C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) forms in ruminant pregnancy are largely unknown, but nutrient status is likely to be important. Previous work has shown that increases in maternal plasma CNP, sourced from the placenta, occur in response to caloric restriction in ...
Mashiach Reuven - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To investigate the emotional response in cases of multifetal reduction and pregnancy termination and to compare the psychological response between these two groups. Methods: A prospective study in a tertiary-care, university-affiliated medical center. The study group included 65 women who had been advised to terminate pregnancy because of ...
Maman Ettie - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate the prognosis of patients with a first treatment cycle that was defined as a poor ovarian response cycle according to the new ESHRE consensus criteria. The first documented cycle of poor response for a patient and all the cycles that followed were ...
Azar Beth - - 2012
Open a gossip magazine or turn on the television and you are more likely than ever to see some mention or portrayal of an adolescent mom. For the past several years, adolescent pregnancy has received much press with top billing on ABC's drama "Secret Life of the American Teenager" and ...
Groth Susan W - - 2012
To gain insight into how low-income, pregnant African American women viewed their weight gain while pregnant and how they managed their weight during pregnancy. Descriptive study using three focus groups. Women were recruited from urban prenatal care sites and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) ...
McNicholas Colleen - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Teen pregnancy continues to plague the United States. This review will discuss long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) method use in teens, comprising intrauterine devices and subdermal implants. RECENT FINDINGS: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists along with the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Centers for Disease Control, ...
Glynn Laura M - - 2012
Maternal cortisol levels (at 15, 19, 25, 31 and 37 weeks' gestation) and fetal movement response to vibroacoustic stimulation (VAS; at 25, 31 and 37 weeks) were assessed in 190 mother-fetus pairs. Fetuses showed a response to the VAS at 25 weeks and there was evidence of increasing maturation in the response at ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >