Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1060
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Revelli Alberto A Physiopathology of Reproduction and IVF Unit, Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Torino, St. Anna Hospital, via Ventimiglia 3, 10126, Torino, Italy, - - 2014
This large prospective, randomized study was designed to compare the "mild" protocol with clomiphene citrate, low-dose gonadotropins and a GnRH-antagonist (CC/Gn/GnRH-ant protocol) with the "long" protocol with a GnRH-agonist and high-dose Gn for the controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) of patients with expected poor ovarian responsiveness undergoing IVF. A total of ...
Chau Anthony A aDepartment of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston Massachusetts, USA bDepartment of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada cDepartment of Anesthesia, Faculty of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Maassachusetts, - - 2014
In many labor and delivery units, the obstetric anesthesiologist is often responsible for managing and stabilizing the acutely septic parturient. The management of maternal sepsis has been summarized previously; this study will focus on the implications of maternal sepsis on the fetus, and ways to optimize fetal outcomes. Although the ...
Verdonk Koen K *Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Vascular Medicine and Pharmacology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Pregnancy demands major changes of the cardiovascular system, and this involves, among others, activation of the RAAS (renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system), allowing an aldosterone-dependent increase in volume. Remarkably, a relative resistance to the pressor response of AngII (angiotensin II) develops simultaneously to prevent the increase in blood pressure that would normally accompany ...
Proisy Maïa M 1 Department of Imaging, CHU de Rennes-Hôpital Sud, Rennes, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. This article provides an overview of the typical appearance of biomechanical and physiologic changes in pregnancy and an update on related pathophysiology. Conditions occurring during the childbearing, delivery and postpartum periods will be reported separately. CONCLUSION. Pregnancy causes biomechanical and physiologic changes that may be responsible for a wide ...
Manikandan K K Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, - - 2014
Frusemide use in pregnancy is generally restricted to patients with cardiac decompensation. In the past, maternal administration of oral frusemide had been tried to identify non-functioning fetal kidneys by utilizing the diuretic effect of frusemide on the fetal kidneys. We report a case of primigravida with severe mitral stenosis presenting ...
Mascarenhas Mariano M Reproductive Medicine Unit, Christian Medical College Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
The overwhelming numbers of twins following assisted reproductive technology (ART) are dichorionic twins, but monochorionic twins account for around 0.9% of post ART pregnancies. The data for post ART-monochorionic pregnancy outcomes are scarce due to the rarity of this condition. Hence, we evaluated the obstetric outcomes of monochorionic and dichorionic ...
Sunkara Sesh Kamal SK King's College London, London, - - 2014
Is there a relationship between ovarian reserve, quantified as ovarian response to stimulation, and miscarriage rate following IVF treatment? There is a strong association between the number of oocytes retrieved and miscarriage rate following IVF treatment, with the miscarriage rate decreasing with an increasing number of oocytes and then levelling ...
Trakakis Eftihios E Third Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Athens Medical School, Attikon General University Hospital , Athens , Greece - - 2014
Abstract We aim to present the first case of a pregnancy achieved by administering sildenafil (Viagra) to a woman not responding to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) with the sole use of gonadotropins. A 37-year-old woman underwent COH, as part of an intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycle, with the combination of ...
Kutlusoy Fatma F Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Gazi University School of Medicine , Ankara , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract In this study, our objective was to determine the effect of adding estradiol hemihydrate (E2) to progestin (P) for luteal phase support on pregnancy outcome in in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles with poor response to gonadotropins. Ninety-five women with poor ovarian response who underwent controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) with ...
Hochmeister Sonja S Medical University Graz, Department of Neurology, Graz, - - 2014
Neurofascin was recently reported as a target for axopathic autoantibodies in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), a response that will exacerbate axonal pathology and disease severity in an animal model of multiple sclerosis. As transplacental transfer of maternal autoantibodies can permanently damage the developing nervous system we investigated whether intrauterine ...
Whitaker-Azmitia Patricia M PM Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies show increased autism risk among children born to mothers experiencing obstetrical complications. Although this is usually interpreted as suggesting that the obstetrical complications could be causing autism, it is possible that a single factor could be responsible for both complications and autism. We hypothesized that low levels of the ...
Schleger Franziska F a fMEG Center , University of Tübingen , Tübingen , - - 2014
Numerosity discrimination has been demonstrated in newborns, but not in fetuses. Fetal magnetoencephalography allows non-invasive investigation of neural responses in neonates and fetuses. During an oddball paradigm with auditory sequences differing in numerosity, evoked responses were recorded and mismatch responses were quantified as an indicator for auditory discrimination. Thirty pregnant ...
Guzmán-Gutiérrez Enrique E Group of Research and Innovation in Vascular Health, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad San Sebastian Concepción, Chile ; Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad San Sebastián Concepción, - - 2014
Synthesis of thyroid hormones, thyroxine (T4) and tri-iodothyronine (T3), in the human fetus starts from 17 to 19th weeks of gestation. Despite the majority of normal pregnant women reaching adequate levels of circulating thyroid hormones, in some cases, women with normal pregnancies have low level of free T4 during first ...
Myers Dean A DA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, 73140, USA, - - 2014
The fetus has the extraordinary capacity to respond to stress during development, which, in a large part, is mediated by the hypothalamo- pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Hypoxia represents a significant risk to fetal homeostasis and can occur in a wide range of settings including maternal smoking, preeclampsia, preterm labor and high ...
Hansen Thomas R TR Animal Reproduction and Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, 3197 Rampart Road, Fort Collins, CO, 80521, USA, - - 2014
Successful pregnancy includes remodeling and differentiation of the endometrium in response to sex steroid hormones, development of maternal immunotolerance to the implanting embryo, and modification of the local uterine environment by the embryo to suit its own needs. The major signal released by the ruminant conceptus during establishment of pregnancy ...
Yildirim Mehmet Erol ME Department of Urology, Turgut Ozal University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara 06510, Turkey. - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate the predictive power of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), testosterone, testicular biopsy histology and male age were evaluated with respect to the success of sperm retrieval in a microdissection testicular sperm extraction (microTESE) procedure, pregnancy and live birth rates. Materials and Methods: We examined the data ...
Hafeez Neveen A Abedel - - 2014
Preeclampsia is a multisystem disorder of unknown cause that is unique to human pregnancy affecting about 7-10% of pregnant women. CD4+CD25(bright) regulatory T (Treg) cells have been identified as a principle regulator of tolerance during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the change of peripheral CD4+CD25(bright) regulatory ...
Heidari-Bateni Giv G 0000-0001-5631-0399 Division of Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, - - 2014
Objectives. To report the pharyngeal colonization rate of β-hemolytic streptococci and changes in the value of antistreptolysin O (ASO) and anti-DNase B serology titers during pregnancy. Methods. Healthy pregnant women were recruited and blood was drawn in each trimester. The upper limit of normal (ULN) values for ASO and anti-DNase ...
Zhu Li-Jun LJ Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, The Fifth Hospital of Shanghai Affiliated to Fudan University Shanghai 200240, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate changes in the expression levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in the trophoblasts of patients who had experienced missed abortions. The missed abortion group included 28 patients with missed abortions. The control group was comprised of 35 women ...
Zhang Shu S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing University Medical School, Jiangsu, - - 2014
In this study, we aimed to determine the provincial population-based seroprevalence in pregnant women and to further explore the association of maternal CMV infection status and adverse pregnancy/neonatal/growth outcomes in Jiangsu, China. In this case-control study, the sera from 527 pregnant women with adverse pregnancy/neonatal outcomes and 496 mothers of ...
Tarokhian Batoul B Acquired Immunodeficiency Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Some evidence has shown a relationship between primary human cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and pregnancy loss. The impact of CMV infection reactivation during pregnancy on adverse pregnancy outcomes is not completely understood. It is proposed that altered immune response, and therefore, recurrence or reactivation of latent CMV infection may relate to ...
Kane Andrew - - 2013
Hypoxia is a common challenge to the fetus, promoting a physiological defence to redistribute blood flow towards the brain and away from peripheral circulations. During acute hypoxia, reactive oxygen species (ROS) interact with nitric oxide (NO) to provide an oxidant tone, which contributes to the mechanisms redistributing the fetal cardiac ...
Stampalija Tamara T Perinatology Research Branch, NICHD/NIH/DHHS , Bethesda, Maryland, and Detroit, Michigan , USA - - 2014
Intra-amniotic infection/inflammation (IAI) is causally linked with spontaneous preterm labor and delivery. The ST2L receptor and its soluble form (sST2) are capable of binding to interleukin (IL)-33, a member of the IL-1 superfamily. Members of this cytokine family have been implicated in the onset of spontaneous preterm labor in the ...
Kacerovsky Marian - - 2013
To determine the influence of microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity and acute histological chorioamnionitis on the intensity of the intraamniotic inflammatory response and neonatal morbidity in preterm prelabor rupture of membranes between 34 and 37 weeks. This study included 99 women with singleton pregnancies complicated by preterm prelabor rupture ...
Dipietro Janet A - - 2013
The bidirectional nature of mother-child interaction is widely acknowledged during infancy and childhood. Prevailing models during pregnancy focus on unidirectional influences exerted by the pregnant woman on the developing fetus. Prior work has indicated that the fetus also affects the pregnant woman. Our objective was to determine whether a maternal ...
Musilova Ivana - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the intensity of the fetal inflammatory response, characterized by umbilical cord blood IL-6 levels, and neonatal outcome in the preterm prelabor rupture of membrane (PPROM) pregnancies using the pulsatile fetal splenic vein flow pattern. Methods: Women with singleton pregnancies complicated by PPROM at a gestational age ...
Boots Christina E CE University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; NorthShore University Health System, Chicago, - - 2013
To evaluate the effects of methotrexate (MTX) on the future fertility of women undergoing IVF by comparing ovarian reserve and ovarian responsiveness in the IVF cycle before and after an ectopic pregnancy (EP) treated with MTX. Retrospective cohort study. Private reproductive endocrinology and infertility practice. Sixty-six women undergoing IVF before ...
Rosenfeld Charles R - - 2013
The uteroplacental vasculature is refractory to α-adrenergic stimulation, and large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels (BKCa) may contribute. We examined the effects of uterine artery (UA) BKCa inhibition with tetraethylammonium (TEA) on hemodynamic responses to phenylephrine (PE) at 101 to 117 days and 135 to 147 days of ovine gestation, obtaining ...
Golkari Ali A Department of Dental Public Health , - - 2013
Periodontal disease is considered as a risk factor for poor pregnancy outcomes, including preterm birth and low birth weight. Only few studies have assessed the knowledge and practice behaviours of healthcare providers, concerning oral health during pregnancy, periodontal diseases and their role in adverse pregnancy outcomes. The present study aimed ...
Ghosh Sangita - - 2013
Intra-hepatic cholestasis of pregnancy is a cholestatic disorder characterized by i) pruritus, with onset in the third trimester of pregnancy, without any primary skin lesions, ii) elevated fasting serum bile acids > 10 μmol/L (and elevated serum transaminases), iii) spontaneous relief of signs and symptoms within two to three weeks ...
Voegtline Kristin M - - 2013
Knowledge about prenatal learning has been largely predicated on the observation that newborns appear to recognize the maternal voice. Few studies have examined the process underlying this phenomenon; that is, whether and how the fetus responds to maternal voice in situ. Fetal heart rate and motor activity were recorded at ...
Wyatt Stephanie N - - 2013
This is a qualitative descriptive study evaluating the maternal response after the woman has learned her pregnancy has a poor prognosis via telemedicine rather than in a traditional, face-to-face, consultation method. In general, telemedicine was positively viewed by the participants; however, the experience may be markedly improved by implementing several ...
Brown Stephen D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To determine (1) whether fetal care paediatric (FCP) and maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) specialists harbour differing attitudes about pregnancy termination for congenital fetal conditions, their perceived responsibilities to pregnant women and fetuses, and the fetus as a patient and (2) whether self-perceived primary responsibilities to fetuses and women and views ...
Hine Kristen - - 2013
Some have challenged Thomson's case of the famous unconscious violinist (UV) by arguing that in cases of consensual sex a woman is partially morally responsible for the existence of a needy fetus; since she is partially responsible she ought to assist the fetus, and so abortion is morally wrong. Call ...
Kahlo Kristina - - 2013
PROBLEM: The immune modulatory effect of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is well documented in studies about sepsis and transplantation. This work evaluates the influence of HO-1 on the innate immune response during pregnancy. METHOD OF STUDY: Human first-trimester trophoblasts derived from normal pregnancies or spontaneous abortions were analyzed for their basal ...
Nicholson Wanda W Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA. - - 2013
Inflammation may influence gestational hyperglycemia, but to date, the data from observational studies is largely limited to results from the third trimester of pregnancy. Our objective was to evaluate first trimester adipocytokine levels. We sought to determine whether first trimester adiponectin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF)-alpha concentrations were independently associated ...
Ellington Sascha R - - 2013
This article provides the evidence for contraceptive need to prevent unintended pregnancy during an emergency response, discusses the most appropriate types of contraceptives for disaster situations, and details the current provisions in place to provide contraceptives during an emergency response.
Bonde Lisbeth - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: We investigated postprandial glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) responses in pregnant women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and again following delivery when normal glucose tolerance (NGT) was re-established. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven women with GDM (plasma glucose (PG) concentration at 120 min after 75 g-oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT): ...
Finken Martijn J J MJ Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Overt hypothyroidism in pregnant women is associated with poorer neurodevelopment in their children. Findings from studies investigating the effect of less severe impairments in the maternal thyroid function on cognitive functioning in offspring are difficult to interpret for a number of reasons, including lack of objective cognitive tests, preschool age ...
Varli Ingela Hulthén - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to compare placental findings from early preterm stillbirths with gestational week-matched liveborn infants. The main focus was to investigate the differences in the presence and distribution of inflammatory signs in the placentas of these two groups, especially referring to histological acute chorioamnionitis ...
Torricelli Michela - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate whether maternal weight and BMI and their increase throughout pregnancy are associated with the response to labor induction in postdate pregnancies. Methods: A total of 376 nulliparous women carrying singleton postdate pregnancies with unfavorable cervix were enrolled. We considered as primary outcome vaginal delivery within 24 ...
Meyer Barbara J BJ Metabolic Research Centre, School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2500, - - 2013
Maternal obesity is associated with high plasma triglyceride, poor vascular function, and an increased risk for pregnancy complications. In normal-weight pregnant women, higher triglyceride is associated with increased small, dense low-density lipoprotein (LDL). In obese pregnancy, increased plasma triglyceride concentrations result in triglyceride enrichment of very low-density lipoprotein-1 particles and ...
McAlister Barbara S - - 2013
Two pregnant women, one obese and one of extremely small stature, received antepartum recommendations from their health care providers to schedule cesarean births. In response, both women sought providers who would support their desire to attempt vaginal birth. The women's perspectives on their birth experiences along with the pertinent medical ...
Kacerovsky Marian - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the influence of microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC) and histological chorioamnionitis (HCA) on the intensity of the fetal inflammatory response and the occurrence of fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS) in preterm prelabor rupture of membranes. Methods: One hundred forty-nine women with singleton pregnancies complicated ...
Björkander Sophia - - 2013
Monocytes are precursors of macrophages and recruited to the uterus throughout pregnancy to perform important immunological functions. In this study we hypothesized that pregnant women have reduced peripheral monocyte expression ofchemokine receptors and alterations in PBMC responses to microbial stimuli as an adaption to pregnancy and that these changes are ...
Chervenak Frank A - - 2013
Abstract Ethics is an essential component for the responsible clinical management of multiple gestation and decision-making about such pregnancies with pregnant women. The ethical concept of the fetus as a patient is presented as the basis for identifying a professionally responsible approach to selective termination, twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, and to ...
Park Chan-Wook - - 2013
Although intra-amniotic(IA) infection is present in both preterm labor and intact membranes(PTL) and preterm premature rupture of membranes(preterm-PROM), it is more common in preterm-PROM than in PTL. Microorganisms and their products in the amniotic-cavity can elicit an inflammatory-response in fetus as well as in amniotic-cavity in the progression of acute ...
Jang Young-Eun - - 2013
The vasovagal response is characterized by an inappropriate combination of bradycardia and paradoxical vasodilation. During a general or neuraxial anesthesia-induced sympathectomy, a sudden vagal activation and/or an acute reduction in sympathetic tone can cause serious vasovagal responses. Neuraxial anesthesia for Cesarean section may trigger vasovagal response, due to multiple risk ...
Kimiaei Parichehr - - 2013
This retrospective cohort study was designed in a selective group of 185 patients diagnosed with and treated for ectopic pregnancy. Intramuscular administration of a single dose of methotrexate (50 mg/m(2)) was performed to measure predictors of failure or resistance to treatment necessitating surgical intervention. During the time of treatment with a ...
Bresani Cristiane Campello - - 2013
Pregnancy anemia remains as a public health problem, since the official reports in the 70's. To guide the treatment of iron-deficiency anemia in pregnancy, the haemoglobin concentration is the most used test in spite of its low accuracy, and serum ferritin is the most reliable test, although its cutoff point ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >