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Ellington Sascha R - - 2013
This article provides the evidence for contraceptive need to prevent unintended pregnancy during an emergency response, discusses the most appropriate types of contraceptives for disaster situations, and details the current provisions in place to provide contraceptives during an emergency response.
Bonde Lisbeth - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: We investigated postprandial glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) responses in pregnant women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and again following delivery when normal glucose tolerance (NGT) was re-established. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven women with GDM (plasma glucose (PG) concentration at 120 min after 75 g-oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT): ...
Finken Martijn J J MJ Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Overt hypothyroidism in pregnant women is associated with poorer neurodevelopment in their children. Findings from studies investigating the effect of less severe impairments in the maternal thyroid function on cognitive functioning in offspring are difficult to interpret for a number of reasons, including lack of objective cognitive tests, preschool age ...
Varli Ingela Hulthén - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to compare placental findings from early preterm stillbirths with gestational week-matched liveborn infants. The main focus was to investigate the differences in the presence and distribution of inflammatory signs in the placentas of these two groups, especially referring to histological acute chorioamnionitis ...
Torricelli Michela - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate whether maternal weight and BMI and their increase throughout pregnancy are associated with the response to labor induction in postdate pregnancies. Methods: A total of 376 nulliparous women carrying singleton postdate pregnancies with unfavorable cervix were enrolled. We considered as primary outcome vaginal delivery within 24 ...
Meyer Barbara J BJ Metabolic Research Centre, School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2500, - - 2013
Maternal obesity is associated with high plasma triglyceride, poor vascular function, and an increased risk for pregnancy complications. In normal-weight pregnant women, higher triglyceride is associated with increased small, dense low-density lipoprotein (LDL). In obese pregnancy, increased plasma triglyceride concentrations result in triglyceride enrichment of very low-density lipoprotein-1 particles and ...
McAlister Barbara S - - 2013
Two pregnant women, one obese and one of extremely small stature, received antepartum recommendations from their health care providers to schedule cesarean births. In response, both women sought providers who would support their desire to attempt vaginal birth. The women's perspectives on their birth experiences along with the pertinent medical ...
Kacerovsky Marian - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the influence of microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC) and histological chorioamnionitis (HCA) on the intensity of the fetal inflammatory response and the occurrence of fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS) in preterm prelabor rupture of membranes. Methods: One hundred forty-nine women with singleton pregnancies complicated ...
Björkander Sophia - - 2013
Monocytes are precursors of macrophages and recruited to the uterus throughout pregnancy to perform important immunological functions. In this study we hypothesized that pregnant women have reduced peripheral monocyte expression ofchemokine receptors and alterations in PBMC responses to microbial stimuli as an adaption to pregnancy and that these changes are ...
Chervenak Frank A - - 2013
Abstract Ethics is an essential component for the responsible clinical management of multiple gestation and decision-making about such pregnancies with pregnant women. The ethical concept of the fetus as a patient is presented as the basis for identifying a professionally responsible approach to selective termination, twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, and to ...
Park Chan-Wook - - 2013
Although intra-amniotic(IA) infection is present in both preterm labor and intact membranes(PTL) and preterm premature rupture of membranes(preterm-PROM), it is more common in preterm-PROM than in PTL. Microorganisms and their products in the amniotic-cavity can elicit an inflammatory-response in fetus as well as in amniotic-cavity in the progression of acute ...
Jang Young-Eun - - 2013
The vasovagal response is characterized by an inappropriate combination of bradycardia and paradoxical vasodilation. During a general or neuraxial anesthesia-induced sympathectomy, a sudden vagal activation and/or an acute reduction in sympathetic tone can cause serious vasovagal responses. Neuraxial anesthesia for Cesarean section may trigger vasovagal response, due to multiple risk ...
Kimiaei Parichehr - - 2013
This retrospective cohort study was designed in a selective group of 185 patients diagnosed with and treated for ectopic pregnancy. Intramuscular administration of a single dose of methotrexate (50 mg/m(2)) was performed to measure predictors of failure or resistance to treatment necessitating surgical intervention. During the time of treatment with a ...
Bresani Cristiane Campello - - 2013
Pregnancy anemia remains as a public health problem, since the official reports in the 70's. To guide the treatment of iron-deficiency anemia in pregnancy, the haemoglobin concentration is the most used test in spite of its low accuracy, and serum ferritin is the most reliable test, although its cutoff point ...
Groen Bart - - 2013
Despite tight glycemic control, pregnancy complication rate in type 1 diabetes patients is higher than in normal pregnancy. Other etiological factors may be responsible for the development of adverse pregnancy outcome. Acceptance of the semi-allogeneic fetus is accompanied by adaptations in the maternal immune-response. Maladaptations of the immune-response has been ...
de Camargo Nícholas F - - 2013
[This corrects the article on p. e49734 in vol. 7.].
de Camargo Nícholas F - - 2013
[This corrects the article on p. e49734 in vol. 7.].
Gharesi-Fard Behrouz - - 2012
Background: Normal pregnancy is thought to be dependent on Th2 deviation, while Recurrent Pregnancy Loss (RPL) and Pre-eclampsia (PE) appear to be biased toward the Th1 immune response. It is believed that the soluble form of CD30 (sCD30) is an index of Th2 immune response or modulator of Th1/Th2 responses. ...
van Hasselt J G Coen JG Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. - - 2012
Physiological changes during pregnancy may alter drug pharmacokinetics. Therefore, mechanistic understanding of these changes and, ultimately, clinical studies in pregnant women are necessary to determine if and how dosing regimens should be adjusted. Because of the typically limited number of patients who can be recruited in this patient group, efficient ...
Olmstead Spencer B - - 2012
We conducted a qualitative content analysis of written responses from 148 college men to questions about pregnancy resolution and marriage in the event of an unplanned pregnancy. We used Marsiglio's ( 1991 ) concepts of procreative consciousness and responsibility as a source of theoretical sensitivity during data analysis. Men's written ...
McNeill B A - - 2012
The factors regulating the greatly elevated concentrations of maternal plasma C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) forms in ruminant pregnancy are largely unknown, but nutrient status is likely to be important. Previous work has shown that increases in maternal plasma CNP, sourced from the placenta, occur in response to caloric restriction in ...
Mashiach Reuven - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To investigate the emotional response in cases of multifetal reduction and pregnancy termination and to compare the psychological response between these two groups. Methods: A prospective study in a tertiary-care, university-affiliated medical center. The study group included 65 women who had been advised to terminate pregnancy because of ...
Maman Ettie - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate the prognosis of patients with a first treatment cycle that was defined as a poor ovarian response cycle according to the new ESHRE consensus criteria. The first documented cycle of poor response for a patient and all the cycles that followed were ...
Azar Beth - - 2012
Open a gossip magazine or turn on the television and you are more likely than ever to see some mention or portrayal of an adolescent mom. For the past several years, adolescent pregnancy has received much press with top billing on ABC's drama "Secret Life of the American Teenager" and ...
Groth Susan W - - 2012
To gain insight into how low-income, pregnant African American women viewed their weight gain while pregnant and how they managed their weight during pregnancy. Descriptive study using three focus groups. Women were recruited from urban prenatal care sites and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) ...
McNicholas Colleen - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Teen pregnancy continues to plague the United States. This review will discuss long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) method use in teens, comprising intrauterine devices and subdermal implants. RECENT FINDINGS: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists along with the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Centers for Disease Control, ...
Glynn Laura M - - 2012
Maternal cortisol levels (at 15, 19, 25, 31 and 37 weeks' gestation) and fetal movement response to vibroacoustic stimulation (VAS; at 25, 31 and 37 weeks) were assessed in 190 mother-fetus pairs. Fetuses showed a response to the VAS at 25 weeks and there was evidence of increasing maturation in the response at ...
Goodrich Kara - - 2012
African Americans and overweight or obese women are at increased risk for excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) and postpartum weight retention. Interventions are needed to promote healthy GWG in this population; however, research on exercise and nutritional barriers during pregnancy in African American women is limited. The objective of this ...
Griffin Daniel - - 2012
Multiple gestations resulting from IVF continue to be a major problem associated with maternal/neonatal morbidity and mortality including preterm labour/delivery, pre-eclampsia and post-partum haemorrhage. A prospective survey at a university IVF clinic evaluated the effect of education and insurance coverage on patients' preferences for single-embryo transfer (SET) versus double-embryo transfer ...
Panchal Sonia - - 2012
The use of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs and biological therapy is variable throughout pregnancy. This questionnaire-based study was undertaken to explore and compare the current practice amongst rheumatologists and obstetricians across the UK, regarding the use of drugs during pregnancy. A questionnaire was devised to address issues regarding individual drugs used ...
Faupel-Badger Jessica M - - 2012
A history of a preeclamptic pregnancy has been associated with subsequent increased risk of cardiovascular disease in the mother and decreased risk of breast cancer in both the mother and offspring. The concentrations of steroid sex hormones, angiogenic factors, and other proteins during pregnancy are important components of the in ...
Carter David - - 2012
Abstinence-only programs are associated with increased pregnancy and birth rates.
Adesiyun A G - - 2012
This is a case report of a 20-year old para 0+0 who presented with an 11-month pregnancy. On evaluation, the pregnancy was found to be a fake made-up 'calabash pregnancy'. There were no pregnancy symptoms and she had just menstruated three weeks prior to presentation. This was a deliberate event ...
Tocce Kristina - - 2012
The use of fetal destructive instruments found in curio cabinets may be unfathomable; however, these instruments continue to have a role in select cases. A 30-year-old multigravida at 40 weeks' gestation had 3 prior normal vaginal deliveries in Africa followed by a cesarean delivery with a complicated postoperative course in ...
Ragland Denise - - 2012
Based on a survey of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy Women's Health Practice and Research Network and our own experience, the pharmacy profession has limited involvement in obstetric pharmacotherapy. We believe that such involvement in pregnancies with complicated conditions can result in significant improvement of pregnancy outcomes. Moreover, we ...
Carter Marion W MW Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. - - 2012
Although young adults in the United States are at increased risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unintended pregnancy, they do not report high rates of dual-method use (condoms plus other contraception) for prevention. We used prospective qualitative data from 69 urban Puerto Rican and African American individuals aged 18 ...
Borman E - - 2012
To determine if in a population of women with diminished oocyte reserve as evidenced by day 3 serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels > 12 mIU/ml women with lower dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-s) levels produce fewer oocytes or have lower pregnancy rates following in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) compared to women ...
Larsen Wilma I - - 2012
To determine the risk factors for late postpartum preeclampsia. This was a retrospective case control study of women readmitted in the postpartum period (>48 hours and <4 weeks) with preeclampsia. Inclusion criteria were readmission with confirmed preeclampsia. Variables examined were age, race, parity, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia in labor, mode of ...
Klimkiewicz-Blok Dominika - - 2012
Cytokines play an essential role in the regulation of immunological responses. Interleukin 15 (IL-15) is a glycoprotein secreted primarily by macrophages and monocytes. IL-15 plays a key role in the immunological response of the cellular type. The objective of this study was to evaluate changes in the concentration of interleukin ...
Torrado Juan J Physiology Department, School of Medicine, Republic University, General Flores 2125, PC:11800, Montevideo, Uruguay. - - 2012
Preeclampsia/eclampsia syndrome, a major cause of maternal mortality and morbidity, has been recognized as a condition with a globally impaired endothelial function (EF). The possibility of identifying early subclinical endothelial damage during pregnancy could be of value in classifying the different hypertensive states of pregnancy, and have a positive impact ...
Haas Jigal - - 2011
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and outcomes of umbilical cord hernias diagnosed prenatally. Methods- We conducted a retrospective study of all pregnancies with the diagnosis of a fetal umbilical cord hernia during a 5-year period. All women received care from a multidisciplinary team and ...
Chen Xinliang - - 2011
Abstract Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), the most common medical condition of pregnancy affects up to 80% of all pregnancies to some extent, and hyperemesis gravidarum does less than 1% of pregnant women. When hyperemesis gravidarum induces diaphragmatic tear, diagnosis can be missed because of non-specific presentation with abdominal ...
Badawy Ahmed - - 2011
Failure to respond adequately to standard protocols and to recruit adequate follicles is called 'poor response'. This results in decreased oocyte production, cycle cancellation and, overall, is associated with a significantly diminished probability of pregnancy. It has been shown that ovarian reserve tests, such as basal FSH, antimullarian hormone (AMH), ...
Sandman C A CA 1Women and Children's Health and Well-Being Project, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California, Irvine, Orange, CA, - - 2011
There is evidence that fetal exposure to maternal stress is associated with adverse birth outcomes. Less is known about the association between fetal responses to a stressor and indicators of fetal maturity and developmental outcomes. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether fetal heart rate (FHR) patterns ...
Ahmed Adamu - - 2011
A 28 year old woman presented with a spontaneous rupture of an umbilical hernia in her seventh month of pregnancy. She had four previous unsupervised normal deliveries. There was no history of trauma or application of herbal medicine on the hernia. The hernia sac ruptured at the inferior surface where ...
Lee Do Kyung do - - 2011
Round ligament varicosities during pregnancy are rare, and can easily be mistaken for an inguinal hernia. On physical examination, round ligament varicosities and groin hernia are difficult to distinguish. The diagnosis of round ligament varicosities can be established on gray-scale and color Doppler sonography. We experienced a case of round ...
Hou Zhi-Qiang - - 2011
Abstract Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) may occur during pregnancy, but its prevalence is very low. It is conjectured that SSNHL is closely related to the changes in the cardiovascular system, hematological system, endocrine system, and/or some other systems due to pregnancy. These changes possibly evoke disorders of cochlear circulation ...
Budin Wendy C - - 2011
In this column, the editor of The Journal of Perinatal Education discusses how the media provide role models-good and bad-for pregnancy, birth, and breastfeeding. There is a critical need for more positive role models that promote natural, safe, and healthy pregnancy and birth. The editor also describes the contents of ...
Punguyire Damien - - 2011
While umbilical hernias frequently occur during pregnancy, the few reported cases of uterine or fibroid incarceration in ventral hernias during pregnancy all involved incisional abdominal wall defects from prior laparotomies and Cesarean sections; none involved umbilical hernias. We discuss the case of a 42-year-old well-developed, well-nourished grand multiparous woman (G8P7) ...
Khandelwal Meena - - 2011
Background. The optimal treatment for management of esophageal achalasia in pregnancy is controversial. Little information exists about pregnancy outcome after successful myotomy. Case. Achalasia in pregnancy was diagnosed when a patient presented with pneumomediastinum from microrupture of the overdistended esophagus. An attempt at surgical correction failed due to the development ...
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