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Torrado Juan - - 2012
Preeclampsia/eclampsia syndrome, a major cause of maternal mortality and morbidity, has been recognized as a condition with a globally impaired endothelial function (EF). The possibility of identifying early subclinical endothelial damage during pregnancy could be of value in classifying the different hypertensive states of pregnancy, and have a positive impact ...
Groth Susan W - - 2012
To gain insight into how low-income, pregnant African American women viewed their weight gain while pregnant and how they managed their weight during pregnancy. Descriptive study using three focus groups. Women were recruited from urban prenatal care sites and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) ...
McNicholas Colleen - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Teen pregnancy continues to plague the United States. This review will discuss long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) method use in teens, comprising intrauterine devices and subdermal implants. RECENT FINDINGS: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists along with the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Centers for Disease Control, ...
Glynn Laura M - - 2012
Maternal cortisol levels (at 15, 19, 25, 31 and 37 weeks' gestation) and fetal movement response to vibroacoustic stimulation (VAS; at 25, 31 and 37 weeks) were assessed in 190 mother-fetus pairs. Fetuses showed a response to the VAS at 25 weeks and there was evidence of increasing maturation in the response at ...
Goodrich Kara - - 2012
African Americans and overweight or obese women are at increased risk for excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) and postpartum weight retention. Interventions are needed to promote healthy GWG in this population; however, research on exercise and nutritional barriers during pregnancy in African American women is limited. The objective of this ...
Griffin Daniel - - 2012
Multiple gestations resulting from IVF continue to be a major problem associated with maternal/neonatal morbidity and mortality including preterm labour/delivery, pre-eclampsia and post-partum haemorrhage. A prospective survey at a university IVF clinic evaluated the effect of education and insurance coverage on patients' preferences for single-embryo transfer (SET) versus double-embryo transfer ...
Panchal Sonia - - 2012
The use of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs and biological therapy is variable throughout pregnancy. This questionnaire-based study was undertaken to explore and compare the current practice amongst rheumatologists and obstetricians across the UK, regarding the use of drugs during pregnancy. A questionnaire was devised to address issues regarding individual drugs used ...
Faupel-Badger Jessica M - - 2012
A history of a preeclamptic pregnancy has been associated with subsequent increased risk of cardiovascular disease in the mother and decreased risk of breast cancer in both the mother and offspring. The concentrations of steroid sex hormones, angiogenic factors, and other proteins during pregnancy are important components of the in ...
Carter David - - 2012
Abstinence-only programs are associated with increased pregnancy and birth rates.
Adesiyun A G - - 2012
This is a case report of a 20-year old para 0+0 who presented with an 11-month pregnancy. On evaluation, the pregnancy was found to be a fake made-up 'calabash pregnancy'. There were no pregnancy symptoms and she had just menstruated three weeks prior to presentation. This was a deliberate event ...
Tocce Kristina - - 2012
The use of fetal destructive instruments found in curio cabinets may be unfathomable; however, these instruments continue to have a role in select cases. A 30-year-old multigravida at 40 weeks' gestation had 3 prior normal vaginal deliveries in Africa followed by a cesarean delivery with a complicated postoperative course in ...
Ragland Denise - - 2012
Based on a survey of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy Women's Health Practice and Research Network and our own experience, the pharmacy profession has limited involvement in obstetric pharmacotherapy. We believe that such involvement in pregnancies with complicated conditions can result in significant improvement of pregnancy outcomes. Moreover, we ...
Carter Marion W MW Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. - - 2012
Although young adults in the United States are at increased risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unintended pregnancy, they do not report high rates of dual-method use (condoms plus other contraception) for prevention. We used prospective qualitative data from 69 urban Puerto Rican and African American individuals aged 18 ...
Borman E - - 2012
To determine if in a population of women with diminished oocyte reserve as evidenced by day 3 serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels > 12 mIU/ml women with lower dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-s) levels produce fewer oocytes or have lower pregnancy rates following in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) compared to women ...
Larsen Wilma I - - 2012
To determine the risk factors for late postpartum preeclampsia. This was a retrospective case control study of women readmitted in the postpartum period (>48 hours and <4 weeks) with preeclampsia. Inclusion criteria were readmission with confirmed preeclampsia. Variables examined were age, race, parity, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia in labor, mode of ...
Klimkiewicz-Blok Dominika - - 2012
Cytokines play an essential role in the regulation of immunological responses. Interleukin 15 (IL-15) is a glycoprotein secreted primarily by macrophages and monocytes. IL-15 plays a key role in the immunological response of the cellular type. The objective of this study was to evaluate changes in the concentration of interleukin ...
Haas Jigal - - 2011
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and outcomes of umbilical cord hernias diagnosed prenatally. Methods- We conducted a retrospective study of all pregnancies with the diagnosis of a fetal umbilical cord hernia during a 5-year period. All women received care from a multidisciplinary team and ...
Chen Xinliang - - 2011
Abstract Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), the most common medical condition of pregnancy affects up to 80% of all pregnancies to some extent, and hyperemesis gravidarum does less than 1% of pregnant women. When hyperemesis gravidarum induces diaphragmatic tear, diagnosis can be missed because of non-specific presentation with abdominal ...
Badawy Ahmed - - 2011
Failure to respond adequately to standard protocols and to recruit adequate follicles is called 'poor response'. This results in decreased oocyte production, cycle cancellation and, overall, is associated with a significantly diminished probability of pregnancy. It has been shown that ovarian reserve tests, such as basal FSH, antimullarian hormone (AMH), ...
Ahmed Adamu - - 2011
A 28 year old woman presented with a spontaneous rupture of an umbilical hernia in her seventh month of pregnancy. She had four previous unsupervised normal deliveries. There was no history of trauma or application of herbal medicine on the hernia. The hernia sac ruptured at the inferior surface where ...
Lee Do Kyung do - - 2011
Round ligament varicosities during pregnancy are rare, and can easily be mistaken for an inguinal hernia. On physical examination, round ligament varicosities and groin hernia are difficult to distinguish. The diagnosis of round ligament varicosities can be established on gray-scale and color Doppler sonography. We experienced a case of round ...
Hou Zhi-Qiang - - 2011
Abstract Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) may occur during pregnancy, but its prevalence is very low. It is conjectured that SSNHL is closely related to the changes in the cardiovascular system, hematological system, endocrine system, and/or some other systems due to pregnancy. These changes possibly evoke disorders of cochlear circulation ...
Budin Wendy C - - 2011
In this column, the editor of The Journal of Perinatal Education discusses how the media provide role models-good and bad-for pregnancy, birth, and breastfeeding. There is a critical need for more positive role models that promote natural, safe, and healthy pregnancy and birth. The editor also describes the contents of ...
Punguyire Damien - - 2011
While umbilical hernias frequently occur during pregnancy, the few reported cases of uterine or fibroid incarceration in ventral hernias during pregnancy all involved incisional abdominal wall defects from prior laparotomies and Cesarean sections; none involved umbilical hernias. We discuss the case of a 42-year-old well-developed, well-nourished grand multiparous woman (G8P7) ...
Khandelwal Meena - - 2011
Background. The optimal treatment for management of esophageal achalasia in pregnancy is controversial. Little information exists about pregnancy outcome after successful myotomy. Case. Achalasia in pregnancy was diagnosed when a patient presented with pneumomediastinum from microrupture of the overdistended esophagus. An attempt at surgical correction failed due to the development ...
Enquist Magnus - - 2011
Several theories, including psychodynamic theories, sexual imprinting and early conditioning have been formulated to explain sexual development. Empirical data, however, remain insufficient for a thorough evaluation of these theories. In this study, we test the hypothesis that a critical period exists for the acquisition of sexual preferences, as suggested by ...
Vieira-Filho Leucio D - - 2011
Prenatal malnutrition is responsible for the onset of alterations in renal Na(+) transport in the adult offspring. Here we investigated the molecular mechanisms by which increased formation of reactive oxygen species during prenatal malnutrition affects the pathways that couple angiotensin II (Ang II) receptors (AT(1)R and AT(2)R) to kidney Na(+)-ATPase ...
Nicoletti-Carvalho José E - - 2010
Maternal pancreatic islets undergo a robust increase of mass and proliferation during pregnancy, which allows a compensation of gestational insulin resistance. Studies have described that this adaptation switches to a low proliferative status after the delivery. The mechanisms underlying this reversal are unknown, but the action of glucocorticoids (GCs) is ...
Hamilton Marcus J - - 2011
Over many millions of years of independent evolution, placental, marsupial and monotreme mammals have diverged conspicuously in physiology, life history and reproductive ecology. The differences in life histories are particularly striking. Compared with placentals, marsupials exhibit shorter pregnancy, smaller size of offspring at birth and longer period of lactation in ...
Scarabin Catherine - - 2010
We report the association of gigantomastia during pregnancy and a lactating adenoma in ectopic breast tissue of the vulva in a context of myasthenia in a 27-year-old primigravid woman. We discuss the pathophysiologic condition and management of gigantomastia that involves ectopic breast tissue during pregnancy.
Gómora-Arrati Porfirio - - 2010
Several changes in brain function, including learning and memory, have been reported during pregnancy but the molecular mechanisms involved in these changes are unknown. Due to the fundamental role of glial cells in brain activity, we analyzed the content of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in the hippocampus, frontal cortex, ...
Caudill Marie A - - 2010
Choline, a micronutrient found in food, serves as the starting material for several important metabolites that play key roles in fetal development, particularly the brain. Although human beings' requirement for choline is unknown, an Adequate Intake level of 425 mg/day was established for women with upward adjustments to 450 and ...
Kawaguchi Hiroaki - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of fetal exposure to 4-n-octylphenol (OP) on the induction of mammary tumors induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All rats which showed vaginal plugs or sperm by vaginal smear test after mating were fed a normal ...
Fawale M B - - 2010
The incidence of idiopathic facial nerve palsy is higher during pregnancy and the puerperium than in nonpregnant women of childbearing age. An important association also exists between Bell's palsy and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. We describe three patients with idiopathic facial nerve palsy in pregnancy and two in the puerperium. ...
Cowin Pamela - - 2010
The mammary gland is an epidermal appendage that begins to form during embryogenesis, but whose development is only completed during pregnancy. Each mammary gland begins as a budlike invagination of the surface ectoderm, which then gives rise to a simple duct system by birth. Subsequent development occurs during sexual maturation ...
Monteiro Alessandra C T - - 2010
To evaluate the effects of physical training of mother rats during pregnancy associated with a low-protein diet offered during pregnancy and lactation on the development and growth of the femur of their offspring. Forty 90-day old male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: pups of sedentary nourished mothers, pups ...
Sweeney Laura L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the changes in calcium and calcitriol requirements during pregnancy and lactation in a patient with hypoparathyroidism due to autosomal dominant hypocalcemia. METHODS: We summarize the clinical presentation and treatment of the patient and review the pertinent literature. RESULTS: Calcitriol requirements disappeared during pregnancy in a 34-year-old woman ...
Islam Mohammad Saiful - - 2010
During pregnancy, the mammary epithelium and its supporting vasculature undergo extensive growth and proliferation in preparation for lactation, which is thought to be dependent on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). We investigated the expression of VEGF, using immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting, in the mouse mammary gland during the reproductive cycle. Immunohistochemical ...
Oben Jude A JA University College London, Centre for Hepatology, Royal Free Hospital, London, UK. - - 2010
Obesity induced, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), is now the major cause in affluent countries, of the spectrum of steatosis-to-cirrhosis. Obesity and NAFLD rates in reproductive age women, and adolescents, are rising worldwide. Our hypothesis was that maternal obesity and lactation transmit to the offspring a pre-disposition to dysmetabolism, obesity ...
Ayyappan A P - - 2010
Delay in diagnosis of pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) is common, often attributed to the difficulty in evaluating tumours in the gravid breast, low awareness among physicians and reluctance of patients and physicians to perform imaging or invasive procedures during pregnancy. Familiarity with imaging features of PABC is crucial for prompt ...
Charoenphandhu Narattaphol - - 2010
To produce offspring, mothers require a large amount of calcium for fetal growth and milk production. Increased calcium demand leads to enhanced intestinal calcium absorption and stockpiling of bone calcium in pregnancy prior to demineralization in lactation. These coordinated events must be carefully organized by calciotropic hormone(s), but the classical ...
Li Meng - - 2010
Leptin is an autocrine and paracrine factor which affects the development and function of mammary gland. The purpose of this study was to investigate the presence and regulatory effect of leptin in Chinese Guan Zhong dairy goat mammary gland from the virgin state to involution. The protein expression and localization ...
Castrique Emma E Henry Wellcome Labs for Integrative Neuroscience and Endocrinology, University of Bristol, Dorothy Hodgkin Building, Bristol, - - 2010
In rats, a shift from somatotroph dominance to lactotroph dominance during pregnancy and lactation is well reported. Somatotroph to lactotroph transdifferentiation and increased lactotroph mitotic activity are believed to account for this and associated pituitary hypertrophy. A combination of cell death and transdifferentiation away from the lactotroph phenotype has been ...
Kokcu Arif - - 2010
We report a case of pure gonadal dysgenesis with streak gonads in which spontaneous conception occurred 10 years after the diagnosis. Her pregnancy proceeded as normal, and she gave birth to a live baby at term by cesarean section. A lactation period lasting for 1 year and afterwards proceeded as ...
Bedada Worku - - 2010
Chewing fresh leaves of the khat plant (Catha edulis Forsk) is a deep rooted and widespread habit in East Africa and the Middle East. Although a body of knowledge exists about the adverse effects of khat during pregnancy, data are sparse with regard to the consequences of long-term exposure during ...
Amer-W?hlin Isis - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this experimental study was to elucidate alterations in fetal energy metabolism in relation to ECG changes during extreme fetal asphyxia, postnatal resuscitation and the immediate post-resuscitatory phase. STUDY DESIGN: Five near-term fetal sheep were subjected to umbilical cord occlusion until cardiac arrest followed by delivery, resuscitation ...
Fudge Neva J - - 2010
Without the vitamin D receptor (VDR), adult mammals develop reduced intestinal calcium absorption, rickets, and osteomalacia. Intestinal calcium absorption normally increases during pregnancy so that the mother can supply sufficient calcium to her fetuses. The maternal skeleton is rapidly resorbed during lactation to provide calcium needed for milk; that lost ...
Lee Ji Hye - - 2010
Background/Aims: This study investigated the effects of dietary folic acid on the expression of myelin basic protein (MBP) in the maternal brain and spinal cord during pregnancy and lactation. Methods: Female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either a folic-acid-supplemented diet (FS, 8 mg/kg diet) or a folic-acid-deficient diet (FD, 0 mg/kg ...
Bukar M - - 2010
The aim of maternal calcium homeostasis is to provide adequate calcium flux across the placenta during pregnancy and into breast milk during lactation, to ensure normal fetal and neonatal skeletal mineralisation. The objective of this study was to document the characteristics and outcome of patients who had postpartum hypocalcaemia. Cases ...
Liu Zhen - - 2011
Calcium demand is increased during pregnancy. However, few randomized controlled trials examined the effects of calcium supplementation on bone mass during pregnancy. This study determined effects of calcium and milk supplementation on maternal bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover in pregnant Chinese women with habitual low calcium intake. In ...
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