Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 952
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O'Brien Kimberly O - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The effect of maternal iron status on fetal iron deposition is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: We used a unique stable-isotope technique to assess iron transfer to the fetus in relation to maternal iron status. DESIGN: The study group comprised 41 Peruvian women. Of these women, 26 received daily prenatal supplements containing ...
Deka Deepika - - 2003
AIM: To study the maternal and fetal outcome in cases of aplastic anemia associated with pregnancy. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of seven cases of aplastic anemia diagnosed during pregnancy. RESULT: Four patients had an overall successful pregnancy outcome. These were all cases of non-severe aplastic anemia. There was one case each ...
Burrows Robert F - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Haematological disorders of pregnancy are common reasons for referral. It is reasonable then to devote a review to recent publications on these issues. RECENT FINDINGS: Several narrative reviews on the management of venous thromboembolic disease in pregnancy provide exceptional guidance. They highlight, however, that most of what ...
Gies S - - 2003
Screening for anaemia in pregnancy is essential for implementing and monitoring effective antenatal programmes. We compared the diagnostic accuracy of invasive and non-invasive screening methods in a cross-sectional survey of 403 pregnant women attending an urban health centre in Awassa, southern Ethiopia. Overall anaemia prevalence [haemoglobin (Hb): <11 g/dl] was ...
McArdle H J - - 2003
During pregnancy, iron is transferred from the mother to the fetus across the placenta. The mechanism has been extensively studied. Altered iron metabolism changes transfer, but also has other consequences. In this review, we examine how the placenta adapts to altered iron supply, both in terms of changing cytokine expression ...
Hamaoui Elie - - 2003
This article thoroughly updates the authors' previous review of nutritional assessment and support during pregnancy. After briefly reviewing nutrient metabolism and requirements, the authors discuss the nutritional assessment of the pregnant woman and review the nutritional support principles in hyperemesis gravidarum and other conditions that can compromise the nutritional health ...
Fugh-Berman Adriane - - 2003
PURPOSE: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies are widely used in the general population. This paper reviews randomized controlled trials of CAM therapies for obstetrical and gynecologic conditions and presents therapies that are likely to be used by women of reproductive age and by pregnant women. DATA SOURCES: Sources included ...
Osendarp Saskia J M - - 2003
Maternal zinc deficiency during pregnancy has been related to adverse pregnancy outcomes. Most studies in which pregnant women have been supplemented with zinc to examine effects on pregnancy outcome have been carried out in industrialized countries and the results have been inconclusive. This review discusses preliminary findings of eight randomized, ...
Mutassim M. Abdelrahman
Endemic deficiencies of minerals can be known by determining the concentration of these minerals in fetal tissues at different stages of gestation. Liver, kidney and bone samples were collected from fetuses of does (n=32), raised under extensive system, during routine slaughter operation at Irbid slaughterhouse at northern of Jordan. The ...
Bonfiglioli B - - 2003
The study of teeth is very important in archaeoanthropology for reconstruction of the nutritional habits and living conditions of past populations. We have analysed dental lesions of pathological (caries, abscesses and ante mortem tooth loss) and non-pathological origin (calculus), linear enamel hypoplasia and tooth wear in 67 adults from the ...
Afifi Mustafa - - 2003
Despite the improvement in some indicators of maternal health, the rate of anemia in pregnancy in South Sharqiya Region, Oman was not satisfactory. The aim of this work was to study the correlates of anemia in pregnancy and its outcomes at the ANC clinics in South Sharqiya health centers. A ...
Casanueva Esther - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A lack of information about the role that iron and folate stores (erythrocyte folate) play on the anemia incidence in pregnant women. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive value of ferritin and erythrocyte folate before pregnancy in relationship to the incidence of anemia throughout pregnancy. METHODS: Thirty-five non-anemic non-pregnant women ...
van den Broek Nynke - - 2003
Anaemia in pregnancy is a common and worldwide problem that deserves more attention. For many developing countries, prevalence rates of up to 75% are reported. Anaemia is frequently severe in these situations and can be expected to contribute significantly to maternal mortality and morbidity. After a discussion of definitions, screening ...
Müngen Ercüment - - 2003
Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional disorder in the world. Pregnant women are at especially high risk for iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia. A considerable proportion of pregnant women in both developing and industrialized countries become anemic during pregnancy. The prevalence of anemia in pregnant women has remained ...
Kontoghiorghes George J - - 2003
Deferiprone is the only orally active iron-chelating drug to be used therapeutically in conditions of transfusional iron overload. It is an orphan drug designed and developed primarily by academic initiatives for the treatment of iron overload in thalassaemia, which is endemic in the Mediterranean, Middle East and South East Asia ...
Ferreira Claudio Santos - - 2003
Due to its unique properties, iron hematoxylin has been traditionally recommended for staining intestinal protozoa. This process can be simplified by reducing the number of steps and periods of permanence of the slides in some of the liquids used, without detriment to the quality of the results. Thus iron hematoxylin ...
Meier Paul R - - 2003
Worldwide attention over iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in pregnancy has shifted recently from providing supplements during pregnancy to attempting to ensure that women, especially adolescents, have adequate iron stores prior to conception. We sought to determine whether adolescent and/or adult women still need supplements during pregnancy to avoid IDA, even ...
Bodnar Lisa M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Methods currently used to assess nutritional status during pregnancy have limitations if one wishes to examine the overall quality of the diet. A Diet Quality Index for Pregnancy (DQI-P) was developed to reflect current nutritional recommendations for pregnancy and national dietary guidelines. DESIGN: Dietary intake was assessed during the ...
Maats F H - - 2002
At the antenatal clinic, 211 women were interviewed to assess vitamin, mineral and herbal use pre-conceptually and in the three trimesters of pregnancy. The majority of women (62%) used both a vitamin or mineral supplement and a herbal preparation during the course of pregnancy. Folate (70%), iron (38%) and multivitamins ...
Chéry Céline - - 2002
Hyperhomocysteinemia has been associated with several pregnancy complications. We have investigated the variation of plasma total homocysteine (tHcys) during the 2 last trimesters of normal pregnancy and related it to blood vitamin B12 and folate and to the excretion of the degraded intrinsic factor receptor (IFCR) in urine, in a ...
Oboro V O - - 2002
The aim of this study was to ascertain the prevalence of anaemia in pregnancy in South Southern Nigeria, and to identify an 'at-risk' group for targeted intervention. Antenatal women were screened for anaemia for 1 year (October 2000-September 2001) at the booking clinics of our three government hospitals in Kwale ...
Niihara Yutaka - - 2002
Desferrioxamine (DFO) is an important iron chelating agent. It has also been thought of as an agent with anti-oxidant potential as it chelates ferric iron in various parts of the body. However, there is evidence suggesting that it may paradoxically affect red blood cells (RBC) by inducing intracellular oxidant stress. ...
Roy Sashwati - - 2002
Vitamin E (tocopherols and tocotrienols) is essential for normal neurological function. Recently we have reported that the neuroprotective properties of tocotrienols are much more potent than that of the widely studied tocopherols (Sen, C.K., Khanna, S., Roy, S. and Parker, L. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 13049-13055). The objective of ...
Ross Mary P - - 2002
Being overweight and being underweight can both cause problems during pregnancy. Corrective intervention should be addressed during the preconception period. Preconception counseling is of particular importance for women on special diets or those who have conditions such as pica, anorexia nervosa, bulimia, and lactose intolerance. Supplements of folic acid and ...
Zhang Qi - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Differences in levels of bioavailable iron (BAI) in coal may be responsible for the observed regional differences in the prevalence and severity of coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP). METHODS: Twenty-nine coal samples from three coal mine regions were tested in human lung epithelial Type II A549 cells. They were from ...
Murphy Michelle M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Fasting plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) decreases during pregnancy. Previous reports suggested that this is due to folic acid supplementation, hemodilution, or a decrease in albumin. However, these hypotheses have not been tested in a longitudinal study. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the relation between pregnancy-related physiologic changes and tHcy in a ...
Olshan Andrew F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that maternal vitamin use during pregnancy may reduce the incidence of childhood brain tumors. Using data from a large North American study, we conducted an analysis to investigate maternal vitamin use and neuroblastoma in offspring. METHODS: Cases were children diagnosed with neuroblastoma over the period ...
Christian Parul - - 2002
Night blindness during pregnancy caused by vitamin A deficiency is associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality among women. Because a history of maternal night blindness is simple and reliable to use, it is recommended as a population-based indicator of vitamin A deficiency. Furthermore, a maternal night blindness ...
Masino Susan A - - 2002
Vitamin B6, or pyridoxine, is either prescribed or recommended in large doses for a variety of ailments. These ailments include morning sickness and premenstrual syndrome, despite the fact that the effect of large doses of vitamin B6 on developing human fetuses is currently unknown. Both clinical reports and recent experimental ...
Kenny D E - - 2002
A 38-day-old male warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus) with marked anaemia (haematocrit = 14 %) presented to the Denver Zoological Gardens hospital with ataxia, tachypnoea, suspected stunted growth and cardiomegaly. The piglet demonstrated some features consistent with both iron deficiency anaemia and autoimmune haemolytic anaemia. Serum-soluble iron was below the level of ...
Rummens K - - 2002
Vitamin D (D) deficiency during human pregnancy appears to disturb fetal growth and mineralization, but fetal development is normal in D-deficient rats and vitamin D receptor gene-ablated mice. We used the guinea pig model to investigate maternal and fetal effects of D deficiency. Pregnant (Pr) and nonpregnant (NPr) animals were ...
Tichelli André - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Aplastic anemia may develop during pregnancy and sometimes improves spontaneously after delivery. The effects of pregnancy on aplastic anemia after immunosuppressive treatment and of aplastic anemia on the outcome of pregnancy have not been described. OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcome of pregnancy and the disease course among women with ...
Souka A P - - 2002
Blackfan-Diamond anemia is a congenital hypoplastic anemia with a birth prevalence of about 1 in 200,000, usually presenting in the first few months of life and commonly associated with cardiac, urogenital and digital anomalies. Congenital dyserythropoietic anemias are a group of rare congenital anemias characterized by ineffective erythropoiesis. We report ...
Guerra-Shinohara Elvira M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine total homocysteine and folate levels in pregnant women according to vitamin B12 (B12) levels, and to analyse the impact of maternal B12 levels on the nutritional status of their newborn babies. DESIGN: Cross sectional observational study. SETTING: Two public hospitals in Jundiai City, São Paulo, Brazil. SAMPLE: ...
Marchant T - - 2002
Anaemia in pregnancy is associated with maternal morbidity and mortality and is a risk factor for low birth-weight. Of 507 pregnant women recruited in a community, cross-sectional study in southern Tanzania, 11% were severely anaemic (<8 g haemoglobin/dl). High malarial parasitaemia [odds ratio (OR)=2.3] and iron deficiency (OR=2.4) were independent ...
Koebnick Corinna - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Because reference values for vitamin B(12) concentrations and vitamin B(12)-binding capacities for pregnant women have not been established, the reference values for nonpregnant women are often applied to assess vitamin B(12) status. The aim of the present study was to describe ranges of biochemical indices of vitamin B(12) status, ...
Radhika M S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between biochemical vitamin A deficiency in pregnancy and maternal and fetal health. DESIGN: A cross sectional clinical study. SETTING: Antenatal clinic of nutrition unit of Niloufer Hospital catering for a low socio-economic population, and a private nursing home (Swapna nursing home) catering for a high ...
Christian Parul - - 2002
The burden of maternal morbidity and mortality in developing countries is high. Each year, 600,000 women die from pregnancy-related causes and 62 million women suffer from morbidity and complications of pregnancy. The extent to which maternal nutrition can improve maternal health and survival is not well understood. Excluding deaths due ...
Gris Jean-Christophe - - 2002
The protein Z-protein Z-dependent inhibitor complex is a factor Xa inhibitor. Protein Z deficiencies have recently been described in patients with ischemic stroke. As placenta infarction leads to poor pregnancy outcome, we studied protein Z plasma concentrations in nonthrombotic, nonthrombophilic consecutive patients with unexplained pregnancy wastage. A significant amount of ...
Kendell R E - - 2002
The hypothesis that vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy or early infancy may contribute to the aetiology of schizophrenia was tested by examining the relationship between population exposure to sunlight, which promotes the synthesis of vitamin D in the summer months, and the monthly rate of schizophrenic births in two large ...
Loke K Y - - 2002
We report the incidence and epidemiology of 21-hydroxylase deficiency in Singapore, based on a retrospective study of all known patients diagnosed with classical 21-hydroxylase deficiency in the past 21 years. The database was obtained from the case registry and questionnaire methodology, with 100% coverage of all practising pediatricians in Singapore. ...
Hinderaker S G - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We studied the association between anemia in pregnancy and characteristics related to nutrition and infections. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Four antenatal clinics in rural northern Tanzania. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 2547 women were screened for hemoglobin (Hb) and malaria plasmodia in capillary blood and for infections in urine. According ...
Al-Shali Khalid - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Familial chylomicronemia syndrome is characterized by massive accumulation of plasma chylomicrons, which typically results from an absolute deficiency of lipoprotein lipase (LPL). Chylomicronemia in pregnancy is a rare, but serious clinical problem and can be found in patients with underlying molecular defects in the LPL gene. We report the ...
Nandakumaran M - - 2002
Transport characteristics of certain inorganic elements such as copper, magnesium, selenium and iron have been studied in maternal-fetal direction in normal pregnancies, using in vitro perfusion of isolated placental lobules. Copper, selenium, magnesium and iron salts corresponding to twice physiological concentrations were injected as a 100 microl bolus, into the ...
Ho Chao-Hung - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Serum ferritin is known as a good tool to diagnose iron status. Recently the soluble serum transferrin receptor (sTfR) has been introduced as a promising new tool for diagnosing iron depletion. The present study was to compare the differential diagnostic values of sTfR and other related parameters in different ...
Fessler Daniel M - - 2002
Pregnancy sickness, a suite of "symptoms" that frequently co-occur during pregnancy, may be an adaptation providing behavioral prophylaxis against infection. Maternal immunosupression, necessary for tolerance of the fetus, results in gestational vulnerability to pathogens. Throughout the period of maximal vulnerability, dietary behavior is significantly altered via changes in nausea susceptibility ...
Baker Herman - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Gestation imposes metabolic stress on the mother which heightens as pregnancy progresses. The need for quantifying circulating vitamins is important for identifying pitfalls in metabolic imbalance and nutritional status. For this reason we wanted to analyze blood vitamin concentrations of B12, thiamin, biotin, pantothenate, B6, niacin, riboflavin, folate, vitamins ...
Akesson Agneta - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of pregnancy and lactation on iron status and erythropoiesis as measured by the soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR). METHODS: We recruited women in early pregnancy to be followed for 2 years. We determined sTfR and sTfR/serum ferritin (sTfR/Fer) during puerperium (n = 77), lactation (n = ...
Gambling Lorraine - - 2002
Iron deficiency anemia is the most common nutritional disorder in the world. Anemia is especially serious during pregnancy, with deleterious consequences for both the mother and her developing fetus. We have developed a model to investigate the mechanisms whereby fetal growth and development are affected by maternal anemia. Weanling rats ...
Akesson Agneta - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of iron status on cadmium dose among pregnant women. Iron status and cadmium concentration in blood, urine, and placenta were determined among women followed for 2 years from early pregnancy. Blood cadmium and urinary cadmium were correlated with iron status ...
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