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Results 201 - 250 of 955
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Hambidge K Michael KM Section of Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO, USA. - - 2006
Little is yet known about zinc absorption in late pregnancy, and no information on absorption from the total diet is available. The objective was to measure the fractional absorption of zinc (FAZ) and to estimate the total quantity of absorbed zinc (TAZ) each day during the third trimester of pregnancy ...
Van Bogaert L-J - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the booking haemoglobin (Hb) did affect the mode of delivery or the birth weight. A total of 3,214 booking Hb was available from 1,628 primiparas and 1,586 multiparas. A total of 507 had a caesarean section and 2,707 a spontaneous vaginal ...
Natelson Ethan A - - 2006
Three patients with pregnancy-induced pancytopenia also exhibited variable features of sideroblastic anemia and amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia. Treatment with anti-thymocyte globulin proved highly effective in two cases and a spontaneous remission occurred in the third. This illness is distinct from the more commonly reported incidental association of pregnancy with classic aplastic anemia. ...
Iwata Shinichiro - - 2007
We investigated the factors which influence clinical subjective symptoms during activities in PCL deficient patients by evaluating knee laxity, muscle strength and knee mechanics during level walking, stair ascent and descent. Twenty-two subjects with isolated PCL deficient knees and 20 healthy volunteers were involved. The PCL deficient patients were divided ...
Gyorkos Theresa W - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women who live in hookworm-endemic areas may benefit from deworming during their pregnancy. The benefit derives from reducing anemia, primarily iron-deficiency anemia caused by hookworm infection-attributable blood loss. Where the prevalence of hookworm is more than 20% to 30%, the World Health Organization recommends that pregnant women receive ...
Gaudet Laura M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Abetalipoproteinemia (ABL) is a metabolic disorder resulting in poor absorption of fat-soluble vitamins. CASE: Two pregnancies in a woman with ABL are reported, contrasting outcomes with subtherapeutic and normal vitamin levels. CONCLUSION: Fat-soluble vitamin levels in pregnancy are critical for many aspects of fetal development. This report details a ...
Anderson Mark T - - 2006
Ferric enterobactin utilization by Bordetella bronchiseptica and Bordetella pertussis requires the BfeA outer membrane receptor. Under iron-depleted growth conditions, transcription of bfeA is activated by the BfeR regulator by a mechanism requiring the siderophore enterobactin. In this study, enterobactin-inducible bfeA transcription was shown to be TonB independent. To determine whether ...
Eather G - - 2006
Carbamyl phosphate synthase deficiency (CPS) is a rare urea cycle defect. We present a case of a 41-year-old woman diagnosed with CPS deficiency during pregnancy. She is the oldest CPS-deficient patient, at diagnosis, reported to date and the first to be diagnosed during pregnancy. This case highlights the need for ...
Kulkarni A A - - 2006
The aim was to review the pregnancy and obstetric outcome in women with factor VII (FVII) deficiency. The study group contained women with FVII deficiency, registered with Haemophilia centre and Haemostasis Unit at the Royal Free Hospital, London. The women were interviewed and case notes were reviewed. The main outcome ...
Dairo M D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anaemia in pregnancy has irreversible negative consequence on infant cognitive development and increases maternal morbidity and mortality. Iron supplementation ameliorates this effect. The salutary effect of iron supplementation on improvement of haemoglobin levels in pregnancy has been documented in various studies. However factors affecting the compliance of ...
Milman Nils - - 2006
Iron is mandatory for normal fetal development, including the brain. Iron deficiency may have deleterious effects for intelligence and behavioral development. It is important to prevent iron deficiency in the fetus by preventing iron deficiency in the pregnant woman. Iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy is a risk factor for preterm ...
Sanchaisuriya Kanokwan - - 2006
A cross-sectional prevalence study of anemia was undertaken on 412 pregnant women in northeast Thailand during January 2003 to May 2004. With standardized diagnostic protocols and the CDC criteria of anemia [hemoglobin (Hb) < 11 g/dl at < or = 12 weeks of gestation and Hb < 10.5 g/dl at ...
Paesano Rosalba - - 2006
Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) during pregnancy continues to be of world-wide concern. IDA is a risk factor for preterm delivery and subsequent low birth weight, and possibly for poor neonatal health. Iron supplementation in pregnancy is a widely recommended practice, yet intervention programs have met with many controversies. In our ...
Milman Nils - - 2006
The review focuses on iron balance during pregnancy and postpartum in the Western affluent societies. Iron status and body iron can be monitored using serum ferritin, haemoglobin, serum soluble transferrin receptors (sTfR) and the sTfR/ferritin ratio. Requirements for absorbed iron increase during pregnancy from 0.8 mg/day in the first trimester ...
Kontic-Vucinic Olivera - - 2006
Proper nutritional status of women before, during, and after pregnancy is an important element of reproductive health. It maintains maternal health and reduces the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome, birth defects and chronic disease in children later in postnatal life. Pregnancy creates a special metabolic demand for high-quality nutrients. With ...
Yajnik Chittaranjan - - 2006
Maternal micronutrient nutrition is an important determinant of size and body composition of the fetus. Maternal iron, iodine, calcium, folate, vitamin A, and vitamin C nutrition all influence offspring size. The Pune Maternal Nutrition Study was designed to study the relationship between maternal nutrition and fetal growth, size at birth, ...
Tamura Tsunenobu - - 2006
The influence of folate nutritional status on various pregnancy outcomes has long been recognized. Studies conducted in the 1950s and 1960s led to the recognition of prenatal folic acid supplementation as a means to prevent pregnancy-induced megaloblastic anemia. In the 1990s, the utility of periconceptional folic acid supplementation and folic ...
Kontic-Vucinic Olivera - - 2006
It is widely accepted that micronutrients have a major function in many periods of women's life, particularly during pregnancy and lactation. Inadequate stores or intake of micronutrients might have adverse effects both to the mother (hypertension, anemia, complications of labor) and the fetus (congenital malformations, pre-term delivery, intrauterine growth retardation). ...
Zucca F A - - 2006
In this study a comparative analysis of iron molecules during aging was performed in locus coeruleus (LC) and substantia nigra (SN), known targets of Parkinson's Disease (PD) and related disorders. LC and SN neurons, especially the SN pars compacta, degenerate in PD and other forms of parkinsonism. Iron and its ...
Torrens Christopher - - 2006
Dietary protein restriction in the rat compromises the maternal cardiovascular adaptations to pregnancy and leads to raised blood pressure and endothelial dysfunction in the offspring. In this study we have hypothesized that dietary folate supplementation of the low-protein diet will improve maternal vascular function and also restore offspring cardiovascular function. ...
Cuív Páraic O - - 2006
Pseudomonas aeruginosa utilizes several xenosiderophores under conditions of iron limitation, including the citrate hydroxamate siderophore aerobactin. Analysis of the P. aeruginosa genome sequence revealed the presence of two genes, chtA (PA4675) and PA1365, encoding proteins displaying significant similarity to the aerobactin outer-membrane receptor, IutA, of Escherichia coli. The chtA and ...
Candito Mirande - - 2006
While receiving lamotrigine, a patient pregnant with triplets suffered a double fetal neural tube defect. Plasma homocysteine, folate, vitamins B12 and B6 (pyridoxal phosphate), and red cell folate levels were measured in samples while she was receiving folic acid therapy for 1 month during the second trimester of pregnancy. Some ...
Banerjee Subhasis - - 2006
The prophylactic use of vitamins E and C for the prevention of preeclampsia is currently being evaluated in multiple clinical trials in Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom, the United States, and other developing countries. In addition to its antioxidant capacity, exogenous vitamin E may prevent an immunologic switch (Th1 to ...
van den Broek N R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of vitamin A supplementation in women with anaemia during pregnancy. DESIGN: Single-centre randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Rural community in southern Malawi, central Africa. POPULATION: Seven hundred women with singleton pregnancies at 12-24 weeks measured by ultrasound scan and with haemoglobin <11.0 g/dl by HemoCue screening ...
Milman Nils - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess cobalamin (vitamin B(12)) status during normal pregnancy and postpartum in a longitudinal setting. METHODS: This study was performed in 1995-1996. It comprised 406 healthy, pregnant Danish Caucasian women, living in Copenhagen County. Cobalamin status, i.e. plasma (P-) cobalamin, P-methylmalonic acid and P-homocysteine was measured at 18, 32 ...
van Beynum Ingrid M - - 2006
AIMS: Periconceptional folate supplementation prevents neural tube defects and possibly congenital heart defects (CHD) as well. The search for candidate genes involved in the folate metabolism includes the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C > T polymorphism. We studied the association between MTHFR 677C > T variants and CHD risk. The interaction ...
Goldberg Beck B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Fewer than 40% of U.S. women are taking folic acid supplements periconceptionally at a time when the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) can be reduced by supplementation. A better understanding of the vitamin-taking habits of childbearing-age women and effective methods for improving periconceptional supplement use are needed. METHODS: ...
Pucarin-Cvetković Jasna - - 2006
Folic acid and folates have an important role in prevention of neural tube defect that appears in the first weeks of pregnancy, when women are still not aware of their pregnancy, especially when pregnancy is not planned. Since ensuring sufficient quantities of folates and folic acid in this period is ...
Tofail Fahmida - - 2006
Supplementation of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in infancy improves neuro-developmental outcomes, but there is limited information about the impact of supplementing pregnant mothers with DHA on the development of their infants. In a follow-up of a randomized, double-blind controlled trial with 400 pregnant mothers, the effects of supplementation of fish-oil or ...
Ayoya Mohamed Ag - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Anemia in pregnancy remains a major problem in nearly all developing and many industrialized countries. In Mali, the subpopulation prevalence and etiology of anemia during pregnancy are largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and likely etiologies of anemia in pregnancy in a poor urban population in Bamako, Mali. ...
Golub Mari S MS University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA. - - 2006
Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is relatively common in the third trimester of pregnancy, but causal associations with low birth weight and compromised neonatal iron status are difficult to establish in human populations. The objective was to determine the effects of diet-induced IDA on intrauterine growth and neonatal iron status in ...
Siega-Riz Anna Maria - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The hypothesis that daily use of a prenatal supplement with iron from enrollment to third trimester to initially iron-replete, nonanemic pregnant women would reduce third-trimester anemia and improve birth outcomes was tested. STUDY DESIGN: Eight hundred sixty-seven women in Raleigh, North Carolina, who were at < 20 weeks of ...
Tanner Laura - - 2006
Lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI) is an autosomal recessive transport disorder of the dibasic amino acids. The defect leads to deficiency of lysine, arginine, and ornithine and, secondarily, to a functional disorder of the urea cycle. Transient postprandial hyperammonemia and subsequent persistent protein aversion, linked with several other biochemical and clinical ...
Milman Nils - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess folate and homocysteine status during normal pregnancy and postpartum in a longitudinal setting. METHODS: This study, performed in 1995-1996, comprised 404 healthy pregnant Danish Caucasian women residential in Copenhagen County. Women taking folic acid tablets or vitamin B12 injections were not included. Dietary multivitamin supplements containing folic ...
Javaid M K MK MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, - - 2006
Vitamin D insufficiency is common in women of childbearing age and increasing evidence suggests that the risk of osteoporotic fracture in adulthood could be determined partly by environmental factors during intrauterine and early postnatal life. We investigated the effect of maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy on childhood skeletal growth. ...
Langini Silvia Haydee - - 2006
Indicators of maternal iron (Fe) status were studied in relation to placental Fe (Pl-Fe) status. Placental (Pl) and maternal (M) venous blood samples were obtained from primiparous women (n = 38), with normal delivery at Paroissien Hospital, Argentina. Maternal hemoglobin (M Hb), soluble transferrin receptor (M sTfR) (ELISA) and serum ...
Ahn Eric - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Prenatal micronutrient combinations with high iron content are associated with high rates of gastrointestinal symptoms. This coupled with nausea and vomiting of pregnancy results in women often discontinuing their multivitamins. A new prescription supplement (PregVit) that separates iron from calcium in two tablets--morning and evening, has lower elemental iron ...
Schweitzer Amy - - 2006
In this column, the author addresses the use of dietary supplements and prenatal vitamins during pregnancy.
Miller David - - 2006
The deltopectoral approach has long been the workhorse for exposure of the shoulder. However, this exposure involves dividing the subscapularis tendon. Despite meticulous repair, suboptimal return of subscapularis may further reduce a patient's functional capacity with an already deficient rotator cuff. This report describes an alternative approach for shoulder hemiarthroplasty, ...
Shah Dheeraj - - 2006
Maternal zinc deficiency during pregnancy has been related to adverse effects on progeny, and there are data showing that mild to moderate zinc deficiency (as assessed by available indicators) is quite common in the developing world. Observational data relating zinc deficiency to adverse fetal outcome have produced conflicting results, mainly ...
Kolarzyk Emilia - - 2006
There were two aims of the present study: (1) to evaluate changes of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and total antioxidative status measured as the ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) concentration in saliva of pregnant women during the first, second, and third trimesters of singleton uncomplicated pregnancy and (2) to ...
Pena-Rosas J P - - 2006
It has been suggested that routine intake of supplements containing iron or combination of iron and folic acid during pregnancy improves maternal health and pregnancy outcomes. To assess the efficacy, effectiveness and safety of routine antenatal daily or intermittent iron supplementation with or without folic acid during pregnancy on the ...
Haider B A - - 2006
Multiple-micronutrient deficiencies often coexist in low- to middle-income countries. They are exacerbated in pregnancy due to the increased demands, leading to potentially adverse effects on the mother. Substantive evidence regarding the effectiveness of multiple-micronutrient supplements (MMS) during pregnancy is not available. To evaluate the benefits to mother and infant of ...
Mahomed K - - 2006
Folate depletion may result in anaemia during pregnancy. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of folate supplementation in pregnancy on haematological and biochemical parameters and measures of pregnancy outcome. This review did not address the role of periconceptual folate supplementation to diminish the risk of fetal ...
Mahomed K - - 2006
Anaemia in pregnancy is a major health problem in many developing countries where nutritional deficiency, malaria and other parasitic infections contribute to increased maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of routine iron and folate supplementation on haematological and biochemical parameters ...
Mahomed K - - 2006
Anaemia in pregnancy is a major health problem in many developing countries where nutritional deficiency, malaria and other parasitic infections contribute to increased maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of iron supplementation on haematological and biochemical parameters, and on pregnancy ...
Carmichael S L SL March of Dimes Birth Defect Foundation/California Department of Health Services, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Berkeley, CA, USA. - - 2006
This study describes the timing and correlates of folic acid supplement intake among pregnant women. Data from 2518 women with estimated delivery dates from 1997 to 2000, collected for the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a population-based case-control study, were analyzed. Multinomial logistic regression was used to identify correlates of ...
Al Ragip A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of intravenous iron to oral iron in the treatment of anemia in pregnancy. METHODS: In this randomized open-label study, 90 women with hemoglobin levels between 8 and 10.5 g/dL and ferritin values less than 13 microg/L received either oral ...
Viteri Fernando E - - 2005
Most women worldwide enter pregnancy without adequate iron reserves or are already iron deficient. Estimates of iron needs during pregnancy are markedly reduced when iron reserves are available. The needs of absorbed iron to correct mild to moderate anemia in the last two trimesters are estimated. Pre-pregnancy and prenatal weekly ...
Mishra Vinod - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency in pregnant women has been shown to reduce the oxygen supply to the fetus, cause intrauterine growth retardation, and increase the risk of premature delivery and reduced birthweight. Yet the effects of iron supplementation programs on pregnancy outcomes are not well documented for developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To ...
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