Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1293
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Bailey Beth A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to examine background and modifiable pregnancy health behavior factors predicting infant birthweight in an economically and educationally disadvantaged sample with low medical risk. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a family practice center in rural Appalachia. Participants: Over 220, predominantly Caucasian and lower ...
Brook David W - - 2006
This study's objective was to examine the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and childhood aggressive behavior in African-American and Puerto Rican children, as well as the relationship between maternal unconventional behavior, low maternal affection, and offspring aggression. Participants consisted of African-American and Puerto Rican children (N = 203; mean ...
Rice Frances F Department Psychological Medicine, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4XN, UK. - - 2007
Events during pregnancy and labour may influence the future health and well-being of offspring. Many studies rely on maternal reports of pre and peri-natal factors. Both maternal and child characteristics may potentially influence the reliability and accuracy of maternal recall. However, this has not been previously examined. To examine agreement ...
Christensen Jakob - - 2006
We assessed the concentration of the oxcarbazepine metabolite 10-hydroxycarbazepine (MHD) in nine pregnancies among seven women before, during, and after pregnancy. The mean dose-corrected concentration of MHD was decreased during pregnancy (analysis of variance, p = 0.0016), being 72% (SD = 13%) in the first trimester, 74% (SD = 17%) ...
Suellentrop Katherine - - 2006
Certain modifiable maternal behaviors and experiences before, during, and after pregnancy are associated with adverse health outcomes for the mother and her infant (e.g., physical abuse, insufficient folic acid consumption, smoking during pregnancy, and improper infant sleep position). Information about these behaviors and experiences is needed to monitor trends in ...
Mc Millan H - - 2006
This was a questionnaire-based study of 151 postnatal women. We found 42% of women were smokers prior to pregnancy and only 37% of these women succeeded in quitting smoking during pregnancy. Success in quitting was significantly related to the number of cigarettes smoked (p<0.05). However, 71% of pregnant smokers were ...
Olafsdottir A S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the interaction of smoking status and dietary intake during pregnancy and its relationship to maternal weight gain and birth size parameters. DESIGN: An observational prospective study. SETTING: Free-living conditions. POPULATION: Four hundred and eight healthy pregnant Icelandic women. METHODS: Maternal smoking status, lifestyle factors and dietary habits ...
Shushan Sagit - - 2006
Previous studies overestimated the incidence of pregnancy-associated rhinitis because it is a poorly defined clinical condition. The objective of this study was to assess the incidence of this unique type of rhinitis using up-to-date strict criteria. This prospective study included 109 primigravida parturients who were interviewed using a structured questionnaire ...
Raatikainen Kaisa - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess maternal risk profile and pregnancy outcome of women who continued to smoke, reduced smoking to less than five cigarettes per day or did not smoke during pregnancy. METHODS: We analyzed a population-based database of 26,414 singleton pregnancies from 1989 to 2001. Odds ratios (ORs) for adverse pregnancy ...
Radpour Ramin - - 2007
Hypospadias (a urethral orifice located along the ventral side of the penis) and cryptorchidism (failure of the testes to descend into the scrotal sacs) are the 2 most common congenital malformations in males, affecting 0.3%-0.7% and 2%-4%, respectively, at birth. To study the association of CAG/GGN trinucleotide repeats in the ...
Taylor G Malcolm - - 2006
Maternal smoking during pregnancy inhibits fetal growth, and is a major cause of childhood and adult morbidity, including increased risks of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. However, the use of birthweight as a proxy for future smoking-related morbidity is hindered by its wide variability, suggesting a role for other birthweight-modifying factors. ...
Morgan Maria A - - 2006
To describe obstetrician-gynecologists' opinions of preconception care (PCC) and ascertain patient uptake for this service. A questionnaire was mailed to 1105 ACOG members in August 2004. There was a 60% response rate. Most physicians think PCC is important (87%) and almost always recommend it to women planning a pregnancy (94%); ...
Lambe Mats M Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2006
Smoking during pregnancy has been suggested to have long-term consequences for neuropsychologic development in the offspring, including behavioral problems, attention deficit disorders, and antisocial behavior. Also, findings from several studies indicate an association with impaired cognitive function in the children. In a population-based Swedish cohort study, we examined possible associations ...
Batty G David GD Medical Research Council, Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, United Kingdom. - - 2006
Numerous studies have reported that maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy is related to lower IQ scores in the offspring. Confounding is a crucial issue in interpreting this association. In the US National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, IQ was ascertained serially during childhood using the Peabody Individual Achievement Test, the ...
Keyler D E - - 2006
Vaccination against nicotine to elicit the production of nicotine-specific antibodies is a potential treatment for tobacco addiction which reduces nicotine distribution from serum to brain. Vaccination of pregnant rats also reduces the distribution of maternally-administered nicotine to the fetal brain. Whether this is due to maternal antibody reducing the transfer ...
Clifford Tammy J - - 2006
Factors associated with full breastfeeding (FBF) at 1 week and at 6 months postpartum were examined in a cohort of 856 mother-infant dyads. Questionnaires were mailed at 4 time points over the first 6 months postpartum. At 1 week, 68% of infants were FBF; at 6 months, 23% were FBF. ...
Nakamoto Tsuyoshi - - 2006
Although smoking during pregnancy is a major risk factor for preterm delivery, the underlying mechanism by which smoking stimulates uterine contractions is still poorly understood. In the present study, we tried to clarify the effects of smoking on myometrial contractility induced by oxytocin (OT) using cigarette smoke extract (CSE). Myometrial ...
Zalacain Marta - - 2006
Up to 20% of pregnant women smoke and there is indirect evidence that certain tobacco-specific metabolites can cross the placental barrier and are genotoxic to the fetus. The presence of micronuclei results from chromosome damage and reflects the degree of underlying genetic instability. Fetal blood was obtained from the cord ...
Kyrklund-Blomberg Nina B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: In order to evaluate the impact of maternal smoking on arterial stiffness in utero, pulse wave characteristics in the fetal aorta were investigated. A prospective clinical study was made of 34 smoking and 34 non-smoking healthy volunteers with uncomplicated pregnancies at 31-40 weeks of gestation. METHODS: The mechanical properties ...
Lazaridis M - - 2006
Indoor/outdoor measurements have been performed in the Oslo metropolitan area during summer and winter periods (2002-2003) at two different residential houses. The objective of the measurement study was to characterize, physically and chemically, the particulate matter (PM) and gaseous pollutants associated with actual human exposure in the selected places, and ...
St Leger Dowse M - - 2006
No human data, investigating the effects on the fetus of diving, have been published since 1989. We investigated any potential link between diving while pregnant and fetal abnormalities by evaluating field data from retrospective study No.1 (1990/2) and prospective study No.2 (1996/2000). Some 129 women reported 157 pregnancies over 1,465 ...
Thorup J - - 2006
PURPOSE: Recent studies have demonstrated a high prevalence of cryptorchidism, decreasing semen quality and increasing incidence of testicular cancer. These changes seem to be interrelated, and may be symptoms of a common underlying entity with foundations in fetal life. We investigated the influence of maternal smoking on fertility status in ...
Lundin K B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The human androgen receptor (AR) gene contains two polymorphisms of CAG and GGN repeats respectively. The GGN repeat function is still largely unknown and to date there are no in vivo data on this segment with respect to the general population. METHODS: We investigated the impact of CAG and ...
Salesse C - - 2006
Enzymatic starch granule hydrolysis is one of the most important reactions in many industrial processes. In this study, we investigated the capacity of sedimentation field flow fractionation (SdFFF) to monitor the amylolysis of a bimodal starch population: native wheat starch. Results demonstrated a correlation between fractogram changes and enzymatic hydrolysis. ...
Dornelas Ellen A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Rates of cigarette smoking are higher among women who receive obstetric care through publicly funded prenatal clinics. This study compared smoking outcomes for pregnant women (n=105) who were randomized to receive either usual care (standard cessation advice from the health care provider) or an intervention conducted in the prenatal ...
Wright K P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is widely believed to be associated with decreased fecundity in naturally conceiving populations; however, the effect of female smoking on pregnancy outcomes in patients undergoing IVF is unclear. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 389 consecutive patients undergoing first cycle IVF was performed. Outcomes of peak estradiol (E(2)) ...
Bailey Beth A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine sociodemographic, medical, and substance use factors associated with smoking continuation during pregnancy. METHODS: Data from 221 consecutive prenatal patients were analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 67% who were pre-pregnancy smokers (n=148), 27% quit during pregnancy, whereas another 43% reduced by > 1/4 pack/day. Women who continued to smoke ...
Bolukbas Filiz F - - 2006
AIM: To define the risk factors in gallstone and sludge formation, and to investigate the incidence of gallstone and biliary sludge formation during pregnancy in a group of healthy pregnant women. METHODS: Sixty-nine healthy pregnant women in early gestation and 28 nulliparous healthy controls were enrolled. Gallbladder volumes, gallbladder ejection ...
Chainani-Wu Nita - - 2006
This study was conducted to assess the clinical efficacy and adverse effects of pilocarpine, bethanechol and cevimeline in patients with xerostomia. In this open-label crossover assessment in 20 patients with xerostomia, a one- to two-week course of each medication with a one-week washout period was prescribed. Side effects, symptoms, whole ...
Rigotti Nancy A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Reducing tobacco use in pregnancy is a public health priority. Brief smoking counseling during prenatal care is effective but generates modest cessation rates. Telephone counseling is an effective smoking cessation method that could offer pregnant women convenient access to more intensive smoking cessation counseling. METHODS: The efficacy of proactive ...
Leary Sam S Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Department of Community-Based Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TQ, - - 2006
The objective of this study was to examine the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and offspring height and its components. The analysis was based on 6,340 white singletons born in 1991-1992 and enrolled in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), who had maternal smoking data recorded ...
Rizwan S - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is linked to high fetal testosterone (FT), and an increased risk in offspring for autism, ADHD, conduct disorder, antisocial behaviour and criminal outcomes. The ratio of the length of the 2nd and 4th fingers (2D:4D) is thought to be negatively related to FT concentration, and ...
Verbanck Sylvia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Studying smokers with normal spirometry requires monitoring tools of the peripheral lung. A validated multiple breath washout technique was used to assess possible recovery of smoking-induced small airway malfunction in acinar and conductive lung zones. METHODS: Eighty-seven smokers with a smoking history of at least 10 pack-years but absence ...
Voigt M - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the sex-specific risk of maternal smoking during pregnancy on the birth weight and the proportion of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) newborns in 888,632 (49.9%) of 1,815,318 singleton births (ca. 80% of all singleton births in Germany from 1995 to 1997) in whom data on maternal cigarette consumption were available. ...
Al Mamun Abdullah - - 2006
The authors used a population-based birth cohort of 3,253 children (52% males) born in Brisbane, Australia, between 1981 and 1984 to prospectively examine whether maternal smoking during pregnancy was associated with offspring overweight and obesity. The authors compared mean body mass indexes (weight (kg)/height (m)2) and levels of overweight and ...
Delpisheh Ali - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of socio-economic status on pregnancy outcomes in smoking mothers. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. METHODS: Parent-completed questionnaires addressing pregnancy smoking patterns and birth outcomes. Were distributed via children aged 5-11 years attending 10 primary schools in Merseyside. Data from three community-based cross-sectional surveys undertaken in 1993, ...
Caamaño Francisco - - 2006
PURPOSE: To describe the pharmacist counselling without dispensing and to analysed the characteristics of pharmacies and pharmacists that provide this type of counselling, and the characteristics of customers that receive it to a greater extent. METHODS: We carried out a cohort study on a sample of 166 pharmacists in North ...
Ward Mary H - - 2006
Rural residents can be exposed to agricultural pesticides through the proximity of their homes to crop fields. Previously, we developed a method to create historical crop maps using a geographic information system. The aim of the present study was to determine whether crop maps are useful for predicting levels of ...
Mathot Mikael - - 2006
Pseudo-Bartter syndrome presents the same clinical and biological characteristics as Bartter syndrome but without primary renal tubule abnormalities. We relate the case of a premature baby presenting at birth with severe hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis associated with hyponatremia and hypochloremia. Maternal blood at the time of delivery showed the same electrolyte ...
Kroeger Axel A Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Medicine (TDR/WHO), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. - - 2006
To measure the impact on the dengue vector population (Aedes aegypti) and disease transmission of window curtains and water container covers treated with insecticide. Cluster randomised controlled trial based on entomological surveys and, for Trujillo only, serological survey. In addition, each site had a non-randomised external control. 18 urban sectors ...
Carter John D - - 2006
Inflammatory conditions that may require the use of a tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) antagonist often involve women of child-bearing age. TNF-a antagonists are presumed to be safe in pregnancy based on animal data. However, this has never been formally studied in prospective trials involving humans. We describe a patient with ...
Chen Xinguang - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess age of smoking onset as a predictor of smoking cessation during pregnancy. METHODS: Multivariate logistic regression analysis of cross-sectional data for 35,687 women 15-34 years old from the 2000 and 2001 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. RESULTS: Pregnant women (1805) were twice as likely to abstain ...
Allard Marc W - - 2006
The Scientific Working Group on DNA Analysis Methods (SWGDAM) Hispanic data set was analyzed to determine the diversity, phylogeny, and relevant single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that describe haplogroup patterns for Hispanic Americans (N=686), and to assess the degree of admixture regarding mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The largest component of admixture based ...
Heil Sarah H - - 2006
Maternal smoking is a leading preventable cause of poor pregnancy outcomes and infant morbidity and mortality. Whereas pregnancy has been thought of as a "window of opportunity" when women are more motivated to change health behaviors such as smoking, only 20% of pregnant women quit smoking upon learning they are ...
Peltonen Eija - - 2006
Clinical studies suggest that maternal smoking during pregnancy can reduce the crown size of the child's teeth. Delayed dental age compared with chronological age has also been reported in children whose parents smoke. Among the main components of tobacco smoke are nonhalogenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), many of which are ...
Chaudhari M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reproductive fitness of mothers of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: A mail survey assessing pregnancy outcome was carried out among mothers of children with JIA (JIA mothers) treated at a tertiary paediatric rheumatology centre. The best friends of the JIA mothers served as controls. ...
Barbeito Atilio - - 2006
In this study, we sought to determine whether there is a significant discrepancy among a group of practitioners when rating pregnant patients using the ASA Physical Status Classification and whether this discrepancy could be resolved with the addition of a modifier for pregnancy. Our results indicate that significant discrepancy occurs ...
Chan Brendan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pamidronate is used extensively for treatment of osteoporotic and high bone turnover conditions. Because it has a long retention time in the human skeleton, concerns have been raised as to safety profile in women of child-bearing age. METHODS: Four infant outcomes of pregnancies of three women, two with polyostotic ...
Solomon Laura J - - 2006
This study examined the relationship between smoking status and psychological symptoms in pregnant women across pregnancy. Participants were 45 women who quit smoking early in pregnancy (early quitters), 22 who quit later in pregnancy (later quitters), and 84 who smoked throughout pregnancy (never quitters). Assessments of smoking status and psychological ...
Cucó G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify dietary patterns in women who are planning immediate pregnancy in preconception, weeks 6, 10, 26 and 38 of pregnancy, and 6 months postpartum, and to describe how particular lifestyles, the body mass index (BMI) and sociodemographic factors are associated to these patterns. DESIGN: Longitudinal study throughout the ...
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