Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1293
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Ponce Julio - - 2008
An increase in the prevalence of constipation during pregnancy has been suggested to occur. We designed a prospective study to evaluate the prevalence of constipation during pregnancy and puerperium, to investigate possible associations with eating habits and lifestyle, and to evaluate the frequency of laxative use. A structured questionnaire was ...
Mirahmadizadeh Alireza - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of waterpipe smoking among rural pregnant women in Southern Iran and to identify the impact of maternal waterpipe smoking on baby's birth weight. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A population-based survey was conducted in rural areas of Southern Iran in 2004 using existing health records and interviewing ...
Santos Iná S - - 2008
Mothers from the 1982, 1993 and 2004 Pelotas birth cohorts were compared across biological, socioeconomic, demographic and reproductive characteristics. Women in the 2004 cohort had higher levels of education, gained more weight during pregnancy, and were heavier at the beginning and end of their pregnancy than mothers who gave birth ...
Nasrollahi Sh - - 2008
To compare the efficacy of two routes of prostaglandin E2 administration (Intravenous and Intramuscular) for treatment of missed abortion this study was conducted. Regarding the pilot cases of missed abortion admitted for termination of pregnancy intravenous administration of PGE2 that had higher efficacy compare to intramuscular route, investigators designed this ...
Jeppesen Dorthe Lisbeth - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is known to be associated with perinatal complications such as preterm delivery, low birth weight, and sudden infant death syndrome. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of smoking during pregnancy on the risk of postnatal infections in preterm neonates. METHOD: ...
Soto-Ramírez Nelís - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Various studies have identified risk factors associated with decreased breastfeeding duration. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an association between oral contraceptive (OC) use before pregnancy and breastfeeding duration. METHODS: In 1994/95, as part of a 3-year epidemiologic follow-up study of school children, reproductive ...
Dowswell Therese - - 2008
Heartburn is a common symptom in pregnancy affecting up to 80% of women in the third trimester. The reasons for the increase in symptoms in pregnancy are not well understood, but the effects of pregnancy hormones on the lower oesophageal sphincter and gastric clearance are thought to play a part. ...
Paus T - - 2008
Teratogens, such as alcohol or anti-epileptic drugs, affect the size of the corpus callosum. Here we report findings obtained in a case-control study that investigated possible effects of teratogens contained in cigarette smoke on the size and structural properties of this structure. We recruited and scanned with magnetic resonance imaging ...
von Kries Rüdiger - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The concept of priming of childhood obesity by prenatal exposure to maternal smoking is based on a number of consistent studies. A recent paper found similar associations between paternal smoking and childhood obesity, questioning the presumed causal effect attributed to the prenatal exposure. Is the relation to paternal smoking ...
Mizutani Takashi - - 2007
To examine the extent to which maternal smoking during early pregnancy and other prepregnancy lifestyle habits are associated with obesity and overweight in 5-year-old Japanese children. We studied 1417 mother-child pairs enrolled in Project Enzan--a prospective cohort study. The dependent variables, childhood overweight and obesity, were defined with an international ...
Mongraw-Chaffin Morgana L ML Child Health and Development Studies, Center for Research on Women's and Children's Health, Public Health Institute, Berkeley 94709, - - 2008
The Child Health and Development Studies is a > or =40-year follow-up of 20,754 pregnancies occurring between 1959 and 1967 in California. There were 84 cases of undescended testes at birth persisting to at least age 2 years among 7,574 liveborn sons whose mothers were interviewed in early pregnancy. Cases ...
Wegienka Ganesa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown an inverse association between birth order and allergic disease risk; some but not all have shown an inverse association between cord blood immunoglobulin E (IgE) and birth order. We further examined the relationship between birth order and cord blood IgE in a racially diverse birth cohort. ...
Fowler Paul A - - 2008
CONTEXT: Maternal cigarette smoking during gestation increases cryptorchidism and hypospadias and reduces testis size and fertility in sons by unknown mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether maternal smoking is linked with changes in male human fetal endocrinology, testis gene expression, and liver concentrations of cigarette ...
Warner David O - - 2007
Some clinicians and patients believe that cough and sputum production may transiently increase over the first weeks after smoking cessation and may in fact represent a barrier to successful quitting. The present study described changes in cough after an attempt to quit smoking cigarettes and determined patients' perceptions of how ...
Gage Jeffrey D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To gain a more complete understanding of cigarette smoking and cessation during pregnancy by examining the men's role in supporting smoking cessation of their pregnant partners. DATA SOURCES: A search of online data included CINAHL, Medline, and PsychLit databases. STUDY SELECTION: Studies published in the last 10 years, in ...
Hoff Gerald L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in maternal smoking behavior at the second pregnancy. METHODS: First and second birth certificates were matched for 5241 white and black mothers in Kansas City, Mo, who had singleton births between 1994 and 2003. RESULTS: The pregnancy-smoking quit rate was 24.9%, and the pregnancy-smoking initiation rate ...
Nagahawatte N Tanya - - 2008
Pregnancy outcomes in the United States are generally worse than those in most developed countries. Contributing to these adverse outcomes are the relatively high levels of poverty in the United States, a characteristic that is associated with decreased utilization of appropriate prenatal care and delivery services as well as having ...
Duncan Jhodie R - - 2008
The high rate of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in American Indians in the Northern Plains (3.5/1000) may reflect the high incidence of cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Nicotine, a neurotoxic component of cigarettes, and alcohol adversely affect nicotinic receptor binding and subsequent cholinergic development in animals. ...
Northstone Kate - - 2008
Few studies have examined the longitudinal nature of dietary patterns obtained using principal components analysis (PCA); the methods used are inconsistent. This paper investigates the methodologies used to assess stability and changes in such patterns. Pregnant women recorded frequency of consumption of various food items as part of regular self-completed ...
Mehendale Ramkrishna - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Excess soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1), and reduced placental growth factor (PlGF) mediate the genesis of preeclampsia. Cigarette smoking reduces the risk of preeclampsia. We hypothesized that placental secretion of sFlt-1 and PlGF was affected by exposure to cigarette smoke extract. STUDY DESIGN: Term ...
Dahl J - - 2007
Multiple sclerosis (MS) in women leads to increased risk of operative delivery and reduced birth weight, which are presumably related to the neurological dysfunction in this patient group. Lifestyle factors may also contribute, and we therefore investigated smoking habits and relevant social factors in pregnant MS women. In total, 372,128 ...
Pollak Kathryn I - - 2007
This study examines whether adding nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for pregnant smokers increases rates of smoking cessation. An open-label randomized trial (Baby Steps, n=181) of CBT-only versus CBT+NRT (choice of patch, gum, or lozenge; 1:2 randomization) was used. Data were collected from 2003 through 2005; analyses ...
Jauniaux Eric - - 2007
Active and passive maternal smoking has a damaging effect in every trimester of human pregnancy. Cigarette smoke contains scores of toxins which exert a direct effect on the placental and fetal cell proliferation and differentiation and can explain the increased risk of miscarriage, fetal growth restriction (FGR) stillbirth, preterm birth ...
Ebert Lyn Maxine - - 2007
Smoking during pregnancy not only impacts on the woman's health but that of her unborn child. Women most likely to continue smoking throughout pregnancy are generally of lower age, socio-economic status, level of education and occupational status. Women who continue to smoke during pregnancy often feel criticized by society. They ...
Fitzgerald Kerri - - 2007
To determine the gestational age period at which small-for-gestational-age (SGA) risk from pregnancy smoking manifests, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of 266,782 live births in Kansas City, Missouri, from 1990 to 2004. Information was obtained from birth records. Newborns were stratified by gestation (< 32, 32 to 36, and ...
Ramlau-Hansen C H - - 2008
Smoking during pregnancy has been reported to alter levels of reproductive hormones in adult sons. From a Danish pregnancy cohort established in 1984-1987, 347 out of 5109 sons were selected according to their exposure to tobacco smoke in foetal life. From February 2005 to January 2006, a blood sample from ...
Pichler Gerhard - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Smoking during pregnancy is associated with higher blood pressure in neonates. OBJECTIVE: To analyze whether smoking during pregnancy has an influence on peripheral tissue oxygenation in healthy term neonates within the first days after delivery. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 15 healthy term neonates of mothers who had ...
Ardawi M S M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of cigarette or sheesha smoking on first-trimester markers of Down syndrome. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: Primary care centres and antenatal clinics of Maternity and Children Hospital, King Abdulaziz University Hospital and New Jeddah Clinic Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. POPULATION: Women with a singleton ...
Mann Joshua R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use during pregnancy is associated with adverse child outcomes. There is evidence that religiosity/spirituality is associated with less tobacco use. This study aims to investigate the association further, including an assessment of overall religiousness and specific aspects of religiosity/spirituality. METHODS: 404 pregnant women receiving prenatal care in three ...
Villalbí Joan R - - 2007
Exposure to tobacco during pregnancy is an important risk factor for infant health. Recently the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy has declined in our area. The objective of this study was to analyse the association between several social variables and the fetal exposure to smoking, as well as the association ...
Koopman Laura - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether individual patient data meta-analyses (IPDMA) are used to perform subgroup analyses and to study whether the analytical methods regarding subgroup analyses differ between IPDMA and conventional meta-analyses (CMA). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: IPDMA were identified with a comprehensive literature search, subsequently, CMA on similar research questions ...
Triche Elizabeth Westerlund - - 2007
Adverse pregnancy outcome from environmental factors may include congenital anomalies, increased risk for miscarriage, preterm delivery, intrauterine growth restriction, and still birth. Apart from adverse pregnancy outcome, there may be effects on the other reproductive functions, like menstrual disorders and infertility. Environmental factors which have been implicated in adverse pregnancy ...
Fernando Dinusha - - 2007
To measure exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) in New Zealand bars before and after comprehensive smoke-free legislation enacted on 10 December 2004. Cotinine is the main specific metabolite of nicotine and a well-established biomarker for SHS exposure. We measured cotinine levels in saliva of non-smoking volunteers before and after a ...
Bor Serhat - - 2007
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) during pregnancy are accepted as an innocent condition. The effect of heartburn during pregnancy on the initiation or progress of GERD is not known. We aimed to determine the predisposition effect of heartburn during pregnancy for presenting with GERD in the ...
Cameron E Leslie - - 2007
Although considerable anecdotal evidence suggests that pregnancy affects olfactory sensitivity, scientific evidence is limited and inconclusive. Whereas hedonic ratings are affected by pregnancy, odor identification is not. The aim of the current study was to examine odor perception in women across pregnancy and in the postpartum period. One hundred nonsmoking ...
Håberg Siri E - - 2007
Compelling evidence suggests a causal relation between parental smoking during and after pregnancy and adverse effects on respiratory health in the offspring. The authors' aim in this study was to disentangle the effects of prenatal and postnatal smoking on early childhood respiratory health. Most parents who smoke during pregnancy continue ...
Lesage Mark G - - 2007
RATIONALE: Because of the adverse effects of smoking during pregnancy, understanding the factors that influence maternal smoking may help in developing better treatments to help women quit smoking during pregnancy. Animal models could be useful for this purpose. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to begin the development ...
Toro Roberto - - 2008
Smoking during pregnancy is associated with long-term consequences on offspring behavior. We measured thickness of the cerebral cortex using magnetic resonance images obtained in 155 adolescents exposed in utero to maternal smoking and compared them with 159 non-exposed subjects matched by maternal education. Orbitofrontal, middle frontal, and parahippocampal cortices were ...
Delpisheh A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how population-attributable risks (PAR) for adverse birth outcomes due to smoking differ in adolescent and adult pregnancies. METHODS: An analysis of community and hospital-based cross-sectional studies in Liverpool was undertaken to estimate the PAR values of low birthweight (LBW), preterm birth, and small for gestational ...
Jauniaux Eric - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate the transfer pathways of folic acid inside the first-trimester gestational sac and to evaluate the impact of maternal smoking. STUDY DESIGN: Folate and cotinine levels were evaluated in maternal serum (n = 125) and coelomic fluid (n = 42), and immunostaining ...
Cornelius Marie D - - 2007
We prospectively examined the relationship between prenatal tobacco exposure (PTE) and child behavior in a birth cohort of 357 offspring of teenage mothers. PTE was defined as any exposure across pregnancy and, in separate analyses, exposure within each trimester. Outcomes included measures of behavior problems, activity, and attention. On average, ...
Giglia R C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sociodemographic factors associated with cigarette smoking in women before, during and after pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A 12-month longitudinal study. METHOD: All eligible mothers at two public maternity hospitals in Perth, Australia were asked to participate in a study of infant feeding. While in hospital, participating mothers ...
Strömland Kerstin - - 2007
Swedish patients with the oculo-auriculo-vertebral (OAV) spectrum participated in a prospective multidisciplinary investigation. The aims of the study were to describe their systemic and functional defects, especially autism spectrum disorders, and to search for possible etiologic risk factors. Available medical records were studied and the mothers answered a questionnaire on ...
da Veiga Paula Veloso - - 2008
There is accumulated evidence of the existence of a deleterious effect of smoking on birth outcomes. Understanding the effect of smoking on pregnancy is a critical issue because of the public policy implications for dissuading maternal smoking. We explore this issue by using the propensity score method and compare that ...
Sellström Eva - - 2008
Socioeconomic factors in the neighbourhood are associated with smoking habits in various populations. We studied a 10-year cohort to determine whether women's smoking behaviour during pregnancy can similarly be determined by neighbourhood economic and ethnic factors. The cohort included 127,074 primiparous pregnant women in 592 Swedish neighbourhoods during the years ...
Julvez Jordi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Active maternal smoking during pregnancy has been associated with a higher risk of behavioural disorders in children, but a few cohort studies measuring smoking data prospectively have studied its specific effects on the cognitive abilities of pre-schoolers. METHOD: A birth cohort was set up in Menorca Island in 1997 ...
Köhler E - - 2007
Meconium samples collected from 115 neonates were analysed for nicotine, cotinine and trans -3-hydroxycotinine (OH-cotinine) by means of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to identify prenatal smoke exposure. The self-reported maternal smoking status during pregnancy was determined by means of a questionnaire and verified by measurements in urine prior to childbirth. ...
Peltier Morgan R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is decreased by smoking, but the mechanisms remain unclear. Our objective was to determine whether this association is dependent on decreased fetal growth. METHODS: A population-based, retrospective cohort study in the United States was performed consisting of nulliparous women who delivered a singleton ...
Everett Kevin D - - 2007
Men's health risk behaviors are rarely considered as a component of their partners' prenatal care. Men living with a pregnant partner completed telephone surveys at two time points, during pregnancy and postpartum, answering questions about tobacco and alcohol use behaviors and other sociodemographic variables. Men's smoking did not change significantly ...
Gatzke-Kopp Lisa M - - 2007
The association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and childhood antisocial outcomes has been demonstrated repeatedly across a variety of outcomes. Yet debate continues as to whether this association reflects a direct programming effect of nicotine on fetal brain development, or a phenotypic indicator of heritable liability passed from mother to ...
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