Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1311
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Post Ann - - 2008
Retrospective reports of smoking in pregnancy are of importance for clinical or scientific purposes. Careful analyses of stability and accuracy of recalled behaviour are, therefore, needed. In 1998, the mothers of 2369 pre-teens born in Sweden retrospectively reported their smoking behaviour during the first trimester of the index pregnancy. We ...
Shi Min - - 2008
A spectrum of adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preterm birth, low birth weight, and birth defects has been linked with maternal smoking during pregnancy. This article includes a review of studies investigating interactions between genetic variants and maternal smoking in contributing to birth defects using oral clefting as a model birth ...
Webbink Dinand - - 2008
This paper analyses the causal effect of teenage childbearing on smoking, drinking and body size using a sample of Australian twins and their relatives. Fixed effects estimates on samples of siblings, all twin pairs and identical twin pairs show that teenage mothers smoke more during their lives. Teen mothers tend ...
Kajiwara Natsuko - - 2008
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and organochlorine compounds (OCs) were determined in the blubber of 55 melon-headed whales (Peponocephala electra) mass stranded along the Japanese coasts since 1982. DDTs and PCBs were predominant in all the specimens investigated. In whales that died during the latest event in 2006, concentrations of PBDEs ...
Pipkin F Broughton - - 2008
We studied phenotypic and clinical outcome data in an observational, multicenter cohort study of 1001 Western European white women and their singleton babies, with stringently defined moderate-to-severe preeclampsia. Ninety women admitted to being current smokers; 71 had stopped smoking before entry to the study. Across the categories of never-smoker, stopped, ...
Obel Carsten - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to smoking has been associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in a number of epidemiological studies. However, mothers with the ADHD phenotype may 'treat' their problem by smoking and therefore be more likely to smoke even in a society where smoking is not acceptable. This will ...
Shea Alison K - - 2008
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with several adverse developmental outcomes in the offspring. These include preterm delivery, spontaneous abortion, growth restriction, increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), as well as long-term behavioral and psychiatric disorders. However, the underlying physiological mechanisms for these ill-effects are not fully understood. ...
Kishi Reiko - - 2008
There is increasing evidence from epidemiological studies that genetic susceptibilities may modify the teratogenic effects of toxic chemicals. However, in contrast to tobacco smoke, few epidemiological studies have addressed environmental chemicals, such as polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans and polychlorinated biphenyls in regard to genetic susceptibility. Recent studies, including the Hokkaido ...
Triche E W - - 2008
Cigarette smoking during pregnancy continues to be a significant public health concern. Maternal smoking during pregnancy has been associated with low birth weight (<2500 g), fetal growth restriction, placental problems, pre-term delivery and spontaneous abortion. Mothers who smoke during pregnancy are twice as likely to give birth to low birth ...
Dickinson Kathryn C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Clubfoot is one of the most common major birth defects, with a prevalence of approximately 1 per 1,000 live births. The etiology of clubfoot is complex and not well understood, and yet, few epidemiologic studies of risk factors have been conducted. Maternal smoking has been suggested as a possible ...
Aliyu Muktar H - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIM: The effects of advanced maternal age and smoking in pregnancy on fetal survival have previously been reported. However, whether advanced maternal age modifies the relationship between smoking in pregnancy and intrapartum stillbirth remains unknown. We therefore set out to determine the impact of advanced maternal age (> or =35 ...
Esposito Emily R - - 2008
Maternal/fetal genetic constitution and environmental factors are vital to delivery of a healthy baby. In the United States (US), a low birth weight (LBW) baby is born every minute and a half. LBW, defined as weighing less than 5.5 lbs at birth, affects nearly 1 in 12 infants born in ...
Sasaki Seiko - - 2008
Maternal smoking during pregnancy can result in both pregnancy complications and reduced size of the fetus and neonate. Among women who smoke, genetic susceptibility to tobacco smoke also is a likely causative factor in adverse pregnancy outcomes. A prospective cohort study was conducted among 460 pregnant women who delivered live ...
Bhalla R K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence in adults of pharyngeal and laryngeal symptoms associated with the use of inhaled corticosteroids. DESIGN: Prospective, observational and based on a structured, specifically designed postal questionnaire. SETTING: University Hospital Aintree, Liverpool, UK. PARTICIPANTS: The questionnaire was distributed to 190 patients on the basis of current ...
Jang John - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women often remark that their balance degrades during pregnancy; however, it appears that no studies have documented the gravida's perception of her balance nor measured direction-specific changes in balance throughout pregnancy or after delivery. METHODS: Thirty women, fifteen pregnant and fifteen non-pregnant controls, were tested monthly and through ...
Duijts Liesbeth - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the associations of maternal smoking during pregnancy and in the postnatal period with respiratory tract infections in young infants. METHODS: This study was embedded in the Generation R Study, a population-based prospective cohort study from fetal life onwards. All data were assessed by questionnaires. Maternal smoking was ...
Sajid Khan Mohammad - - 2008
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We have recently published some work on CEA levels in hookah (also called narghile, shisha elsewhere) and cigarette smokers. Hookah smokers had higher levels of CEA than non-smokers although mean levels were low compared to cigarette smokers. However some of them were also users of other tobacco products ...
Wendland Eliana M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes is a prevalent disease associated with adverse outcomes of pregnancy. Smoking as been associated with glucose intolerance during pregnancy in some but not all studies. Therefore, we aimed to systematically review all epidemiological evidence to examine the association between cigarette smoking during pregnancy and risk of developing ...
Ponce Julio - - 2008
An increase in the prevalence of constipation during pregnancy has been suggested to occur. We designed a prospective study to evaluate the prevalence of constipation during pregnancy and puerperium, to investigate possible associations with eating habits and lifestyle, and to evaluate the frequency of laxative use. A structured questionnaire was ...
Mirahmadizadeh Alireza - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of waterpipe smoking among rural pregnant women in Southern Iran and to identify the impact of maternal waterpipe smoking on baby's birth weight. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A population-based survey was conducted in rural areas of Southern Iran in 2004 using existing health records and interviewing ...
Santos Iná S - - 2008
Mothers from the 1982, 1993 and 2004 Pelotas birth cohorts were compared across biological, socioeconomic, demographic and reproductive characteristics. Women in the 2004 cohort had higher levels of education, gained more weight during pregnancy, and were heavier at the beginning and end of their pregnancy than mothers who gave birth ...
Nasrollahi Sh - - 2008
To compare the efficacy of two routes of prostaglandin E2 administration (Intravenous and Intramuscular) for treatment of missed abortion this study was conducted. Regarding the pilot cases of missed abortion admitted for termination of pregnancy intravenous administration of PGE2 that had higher efficacy compare to intramuscular route, investigators designed this ...
Jeppesen Dorthe Lisbeth - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is known to be associated with perinatal complications such as preterm delivery, low birth weight, and sudden infant death syndrome. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of smoking during pregnancy on the risk of postnatal infections in preterm neonates. METHOD: ...
Soto-Ramírez Nelís - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Various studies have identified risk factors associated with decreased breastfeeding duration. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an association between oral contraceptive (OC) use before pregnancy and breastfeeding duration. METHODS: In 1994/95, as part of a 3-year epidemiologic follow-up study of school children, reproductive ...
Dowswell Therese T Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group, School of Reproductive and Developmental Medicine, Division of Perinatal and Reproductive Medicine, University of Liverpool , First Floor, Liverpool Women's NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK, L8 - - 2008
Heartburn is a common symptom in pregnancy affecting up to 80% of women in the third trimester. The reasons for the increase in symptoms in pregnancy are not well understood, but the effects of pregnancy hormones on the lower oesophageal sphincter and gastric clearance are thought to play a part. ...
Paus T - - 2008
Teratogens, such as alcohol or anti-epileptic drugs, affect the size of the corpus callosum. Here we report findings obtained in a case-control study that investigated possible effects of teratogens contained in cigarette smoke on the size and structural properties of this structure. We recruited and scanned with magnetic resonance imaging ...
von Kries Rüdiger - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The concept of priming of childhood obesity by prenatal exposure to maternal smoking is based on a number of consistent studies. A recent paper found similar associations between paternal smoking and childhood obesity, questioning the presumed causal effect attributed to the prenatal exposure. Is the relation to paternal smoking ...
Mizutani Takashi - - 2007
To examine the extent to which maternal smoking during early pregnancy and other prepregnancy lifestyle habits are associated with obesity and overweight in 5-year-old Japanese children. We studied 1417 mother-child pairs enrolled in Project Enzan--a prospective cohort study. The dependent variables, childhood overweight and obesity, were defined with an international ...
Mongraw-Chaffin Morgana L ML Child Health and Development Studies, Center for Research on Women's and Children's Health, Public Health Institute, Berkeley 94709, - - 2008
The Child Health and Development Studies is a > or =40-year follow-up of 20,754 pregnancies occurring between 1959 and 1967 in California. There were 84 cases of undescended testes at birth persisting to at least age 2 years among 7,574 liveborn sons whose mothers were interviewed in early pregnancy. Cases ...
Wegienka Ganesa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown an inverse association between birth order and allergic disease risk; some but not all have shown an inverse association between cord blood immunoglobulin E (IgE) and birth order. We further examined the relationship between birth order and cord blood IgE in a racially diverse birth cohort. ...
Fowler Paul A - - 2008
CONTEXT: Maternal cigarette smoking during gestation increases cryptorchidism and hypospadias and reduces testis size and fertility in sons by unknown mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether maternal smoking is linked with changes in male human fetal endocrinology, testis gene expression, and liver concentrations of cigarette ...
Warner David O - - 2007
Some clinicians and patients believe that cough and sputum production may transiently increase over the first weeks after smoking cessation and may in fact represent a barrier to successful quitting. The present study described changes in cough after an attempt to quit smoking cigarettes and determined patients' perceptions of how ...
Gage Jeffrey D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To gain a more complete understanding of cigarette smoking and cessation during pregnancy by examining the men's role in supporting smoking cessation of their pregnant partners. DATA SOURCES: A search of online data included CINAHL, Medline, and PsychLit databases. STUDY SELECTION: Studies published in the last 10 years, in ...
Hoff Gerald L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in maternal smoking behavior at the second pregnancy. METHODS: First and second birth certificates were matched for 5241 white and black mothers in Kansas City, Mo, who had singleton births between 1994 and 2003. RESULTS: The pregnancy-smoking quit rate was 24.9%, and the pregnancy-smoking initiation rate ...
Nagahawatte N Tanya - - 2008
Pregnancy outcomes in the United States are generally worse than those in most developed countries. Contributing to these adverse outcomes are the relatively high levels of poverty in the United States, a characteristic that is associated with decreased utilization of appropriate prenatal care and delivery services as well as having ...
Duncan Jhodie R - - 2008
The high rate of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in American Indians in the Northern Plains (3.5/1000) may reflect the high incidence of cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Nicotine, a neurotoxic component of cigarettes, and alcohol adversely affect nicotinic receptor binding and subsequent cholinergic development in animals. ...
Northstone Kate - - 2008
Few studies have examined the longitudinal nature of dietary patterns obtained using principal components analysis (PCA); the methods used are inconsistent. This paper investigates the methodologies used to assess stability and changes in such patterns. Pregnant women recorded frequency of consumption of various food items as part of regular self-completed ...
Mehendale Ramkrishna - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Excess soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1), and reduced placental growth factor (PlGF) mediate the genesis of preeclampsia. Cigarette smoking reduces the risk of preeclampsia. We hypothesized that placental secretion of sFlt-1 and PlGF was affected by exposure to cigarette smoke extract. STUDY DESIGN: Term ...
Dahl J - - 2007
Multiple sclerosis (MS) in women leads to increased risk of operative delivery and reduced birth weight, which are presumably related to the neurological dysfunction in this patient group. Lifestyle factors may also contribute, and we therefore investigated smoking habits and relevant social factors in pregnant MS women. In total, 372,128 ...
Pollak Kathryn I - - 2007
This study examines whether adding nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for pregnant smokers increases rates of smoking cessation. An open-label randomized trial (Baby Steps, n=181) of CBT-only versus CBT+NRT (choice of patch, gum, or lozenge; 1:2 randomization) was used. Data were collected from 2003 through 2005; analyses ...
Jauniaux Eric - - 2007
Active and passive maternal smoking has a damaging effect in every trimester of human pregnancy. Cigarette smoke contains scores of toxins which exert a direct effect on the placental and fetal cell proliferation and differentiation and can explain the increased risk of miscarriage, fetal growth restriction (FGR) stillbirth, preterm birth ...
Ebert Lyn Maxine - - 2007
Smoking during pregnancy not only impacts on the woman's health but that of her unborn child. Women most likely to continue smoking throughout pregnancy are generally of lower age, socio-economic status, level of education and occupational status. Women who continue to smoke during pregnancy often feel criticized by society. They ...
Fitzgerald Kerri - - 2007
To determine the gestational age period at which small-for-gestational-age (SGA) risk from pregnancy smoking manifests, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of 266,782 live births in Kansas City, Missouri, from 1990 to 2004. Information was obtained from birth records. Newborns were stratified by gestation (< 32, 32 to 36, and ...
Ramlau-Hansen C H - - 2008
Smoking during pregnancy has been reported to alter levels of reproductive hormones in adult sons. From a Danish pregnancy cohort established in 1984-1987, 347 out of 5109 sons were selected according to their exposure to tobacco smoke in foetal life. From February 2005 to January 2006, a blood sample from ...
Pichler Gerhard - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Smoking during pregnancy is associated with higher blood pressure in neonates. OBJECTIVE: To analyze whether smoking during pregnancy has an influence on peripheral tissue oxygenation in healthy term neonates within the first days after delivery. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 15 healthy term neonates of mothers who had ...
Ardawi M S M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of cigarette or sheesha smoking on first-trimester markers of Down syndrome. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: Primary care centres and antenatal clinics of Maternity and Children Hospital, King Abdulaziz University Hospital and New Jeddah Clinic Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. POPULATION: Women with a singleton ...
Mann Joshua R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use during pregnancy is associated with adverse child outcomes. There is evidence that religiosity/spirituality is associated with less tobacco use. This study aims to investigate the association further, including an assessment of overall religiousness and specific aspects of religiosity/spirituality. METHODS: 404 pregnant women receiving prenatal care in three ...
Villalbí Joan R - - 2007
Exposure to tobacco during pregnancy is an important risk factor for infant health. Recently the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy has declined in our area. The objective of this study was to analyse the association between several social variables and the fetal exposure to smoking, as well as the association ...
Koopman Laura - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether individual patient data meta-analyses (IPDMA) are used to perform subgroup analyses and to study whether the analytical methods regarding subgroup analyses differ between IPDMA and conventional meta-analyses (CMA). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: IPDMA were identified with a comprehensive literature search, subsequently, CMA on similar research questions ...
Triche Elizabeth Westerlund - - 2007
Adverse pregnancy outcome from environmental factors may include congenital anomalies, increased risk for miscarriage, preterm delivery, intrauterine growth restriction, and still birth. Apart from adverse pregnancy outcome, there may be effects on the other reproductive functions, like menstrual disorders and infertility. Environmental factors which have been implicated in adverse pregnancy ...
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