Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1293
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Lind Anna-Britta - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Mirtazapine is a tetracyclic antidepressant drug available as a racemic mixture of S(+)- and R(-)-mirtazapine. These enantiomers have different pharmacological properties, and both contribute to the clinical and adverse effects of the drug. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 has been implicated in the metabolism of S(+)-mirtazapine. However, the ...
Magnusardottir Anna R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate pregnancy outcome in relation to red blood cell (RBC) level of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in the first trimester of pregnancy and the influence of lifestyle factors on the RBC level of long-chain n-3 PUFA. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational study in a community with traditional ...
Knopik Valerie S - - 2009
Maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSDP) is a major public health concern with clearly established consequences to both mother and newborn (e.g., low birth weight, altered cardiorespiratory responses). MSDP has also been associated with higher rates of a variety of poor cognitive and behavioral outcomes in children, including attention deficit hyperactivity ...
Lanting Caren I - - 2009
Tobacco smoking is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, including during pregnancy. Although effective ways of promoting smoking cessation during pregnancy exist, the impact of these interventions has not been studied at a national level. We estimated the prevalence of smoking throughout pregnancy in the Netherlands and quantified associations ...
Lumley Judith J Mother and Child Health Research, La Trobe University, 324-328 Little Lonsdale Street, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, - - 2009
Tobacco smoking in pregnancy remains one of the few preventable factors associated with complications in pregnancy, low birthweight, preterm birth and has serious long-term health implications for women and babies. Smoking in pregnancy is decreasing in high-income countries and increasing in low- to middle-income countries and is strongly associated with ...
Ejaz Sohail - - 2009
The cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) and total particulate matter (TPM) in cigarette smoke is extremely toxic and may produce several pathologies. In our study, we used a chicken chorioallantoic membrane assay (CAM) to study the toxicological effects of CSC and TPM on different aspects of angiogenesis. CSC and TPM from ...
Rizzo Giuseppe - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We sought to establish the effect of maternal smoking on placental volume and vascularization in early gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Three-dimensional power Doppler ultrasonography of the placenta was performed at 11+0 to 13+6 weeks in 80 pregnancies categorized according to cigarette consumption: group A never smoked, B smoking < 10 ...
Montgomery S M - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: An association between parental smoking and multiple sclerosis (MS) in offspring has been reported. This study examined whether maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with MS in offspring. METHODS: Swedish general population registers provided prospectively recorded information on maternal smoking during pregnancy. The study identified 143 cases with MS ...
Kafouri S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The incidence of cigarette smoking during pregnancy remains high. Maternal smoking during pregnancy is known to be associated with cognitive and behavioural sequelae in childhood and adolescence. We assessed the relationship between maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy and cognitive abilities in adolescent offspring (n = 503, 12- to 18-years ...
Goedhart Geertje - - 2009
The present study examined the association of several psychosocial problems with continued smoking during pregnancy. Based on a population-based cohort study among pregnant women in Amsterdam (n=8266), women who smoked before pregnancy were included in this study (n=1947). Women completed a questionnaire around the 12th week of gestation. Based on ...
Rore Craig - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women who continue to smoke expose their developing fetus to a wide range of risks. Assisting these patients to stop smoking can be an important intervention for the health of the baby and the mother. The management of pregnant smokers can be challenging, due to the potential risks ...
Reeves Shane - - 2008
Exposure to tobacco smoke, through both active and passive measures, has a significant impact on women's health, including effects on the cardiovascular, pulmonary and reproductive systems. Of particular interest is the effect of smoking on pregnancy outcomes. One crucial outcome that has been linked to the subsequent development of both ...
Khan Huma Musarrat - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the adverse effects of passive tobacco smoking on fertility of female mice and the preventive role of antioxidants, if any. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Anatomy Department, CPSP Regional Centre, Islamabad, from February to July 2005. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and seventeen female ...
Delpisheh Ali - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Prenatal smoking exposure causes intrauterine fetal growth restriction (IUGR), although its effects on fetal proportionality are less clearly defined. AIM: The present study assessed fetal proportionality in babies with IUGR using maternal salivary cotinine to indicate maternal smoking exposure. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A case-control study at the Liverpool Women's ...
Waylen A L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate whether any difference exists in success rate of clinical outcomes of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) between women who actively smoke cigarettes at the time of treatment and those who do not. METHODS: An intensive computerized search was conducted on published literature ...
Ashwin Cathy A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: to review the literature of women's use of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) during pregnancy. The review will examine NRT and nicotine, interventions and barriers to smoking cessation and the literature exploring women's views on using NRT in pregnancy. METHOD: a structured review of the literature was undertaken by accessing ...
Horn Kristin H - - 2008
Environmental tobacco smoke exposures have been linked to adverse health effects. Folate is essential for normal development, with deficiencies often causing fetal growth restriction. Mice lacking the folate binding protein-2 receptor (Folr2) exhibit increased susceptibility to teratogens. The purpose of the current study was to determine if the loss of ...
Brodsky Jennifer L - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To describe the relationship between the timing of entry into the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) among pregnant women in Rhode Island (RI) and changes in maternal cigarette smoking (MCS) during pregnancy. METHODS: MCS data gathered by WIC were analyzed for pregnant women who ...
Simhan Hyagriv N - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to explore the relation between maternal and fetal genetic variation in Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and chorionic plate inflammation STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective observational cohort of 109 women with singleton gestations, 13 tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in the TLR4 ...
Dundar Ozgur - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the levels of annexin A5 in second trimester amniotic fluid, and evaluate its correlation with subsequent development of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHOD: A total of 264 women undergoing mid-trimester amniocentesis between January 2007 and December 2007 were enrolled for the ...
Hensley Alford Sharon M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study examined predictors and behaviors of pregnancy-related smoking among women who belonged to a private health maintenance organization and the recall accuracy of pregnancy-related smoking behaviors after 6-years. METHODS: A cohort of 725 pregnant women was followed for six years. Major predictors for smoking behavior before, during, and ...
Sharma Andrea J - - 2008
Studies suggest that children exposed to cigarette smoke in utero are at risk of becoming obese. Few researchers have evaluated the dose-response association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and childhood obesity or whether this association varies by maternal race/ethnicity. The authors obtained retrospective cohort data by linking records from the ...
Seong Moon-Woo - - 2008
Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is a major risk to human health, and the home is the greatest single source of ETS for children. The authors investigated fetal exposure to paternal smoking at home during pregnancy. Korean families were included as trios of fathers, mothers, and neonates identified in ...
Park Eun-Young - - 2008
Environmental tobacco smoking (ETS) is known to be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between maternal exposure to ETS and oxidative stress for neonates, as well as the effect of maternal genetic polymorphisms, glutathione-S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) and GSTT1, on this relationship. ...
Pierre-Louis Bredy - - 2008
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a rare event in women of childbearing age and has been estimated to occur at a rate of 1 in 10,000 women during pregnancy. First reported on in 1922, subsequent reports appeared in the literature indicating the unique features of this condition which can significantly ...
de Gheldere Antoine - - 2008
The study was undertaken to determine the radiographic impact of the tenotomy after the Ponseti method. We report a retrospective and prospective radiographic analysis of 37 clubfeet after the Achilles tenotomy. The talocalcaneal angle was measured on lateral and anteroposterior views; the tibiotalar and the tibiocalcaneal angles were evaluated on ...
Allen Alicia M - - 2008
This study provided a population-based estimate of the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy by combining information from two data sources: birth certificates (BCs) and a self-administered questionnaire. We analyzed data from 39,345 women who delivered live births in one of 24 states and responded to a questionnaire from the Pregnancy ...
McCarthy Danielle E - - 2008
The study aimed to test simultaneously our understanding of the effects of bupropion sustained-release (SR) treatment on putative mediators and our understanding of determinants of post-quit abstinence, including withdrawal distress, cigarette craving, positive affect and subjective reactions to cigarettes smoked during a lapse. The specificity of bupropion SR effects was ...
Mohsin M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of continued smoking and previous pregnancy outcomes on subsequent pregnancy outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive epidemiological study. SETTING: New South Wales, Australia, 1994-2004. POPULATION: Mothers who delivered two consecutive singleton births. METHODS: Bivariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to explore the influence of continued ...
Odendaal Hein J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: An increase in various congenital abnormalities associated with cigarette smoking and the use of alcohol during pregnancy has been reported in many studies. These exposures also increase the risk of pregnancy complications such as abruptio placentae, unexplained stillbirth, preterm labor and intrauterine growth restriction. However, very few studies have ...
Bardeguez Arlene D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Antiretrovirals (ARVs) are recommended for maternal health and to reduce HIV-1 mother-to-child transmission, but suboptimal adherence can counteract its benefits. OBJECTIVES: To describe antepartum and postpartum adherence to ARV regimens and factors associated with adherence. METHODS: We assessed adherence rates among subjects enrolled in Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group ...
Troe Ernst-Jan W M - - 2008
Patterns and correlates of maternal smoking could differ according to ethnic background, and these differences might have consequences for intervention strategies. In the Generation R study, we examined patterns of smoking during pregnancy and the associations of socioeconomic (educational level), demographic (maternal age, marital status, generational status, parity) and lifestyle ...
Gilman Stephen E - - 2008
There remains considerable debate regarding the effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy on children's growth and development. Evidence that exposure to maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with numerous adverse outcomes is contradicted by research suggesting that these associations are spurious. The authors investigated the relation between maternal smoking during ...
Bahmanyar Shahram - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The causes of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease are largely unknown, but this pediatric disease seems to result from interruption of the blood supply to the proximal femur and is considered a vascular disease. Because maternal smoking during pregnancy influences fetal development and is associated with cardiovascular diseases in offspring, we hypothesized ...
Fu Chaowei - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the current status of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in new mothers living in urban Shanghai. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study was carried out in three communities of Shanghai from June 2005 to August 2006. A total of 950 new mothers with infants aged 5-8 ...
Darabaneanu S - - 2008
Increased negative amplitudes and lack of habituation of contingent negative variation (CNV) in migraine are well established and are supposed to reflect an altered cortical excitability level. Migraine attacks occur less during pregnancy but often relapse after delivery. We investigated the effect of pregnancy on slow cortical potentials and reaction ...
Adams Kathleen E - - 2008
Declines in prenatal smoking rates have changed the composition of maternal smokers while public policy during the 1990s has likely made it more difficult to reach them. Medicaid expansions during the 1980s/early 1990s insured more women some time during pregnancy, but the 1996 welfare reform unexpectedly reduced enrollment in Medicaid ...
Berg Carla J - - 2008
Women who quit smoking during pregnancy gain more weight than women who continue to smoke. Concern about weight gain is a barrier to smoking cessation in the general population, but whether attitudes about weight are associated with failure to stop smoking during pregnancy or to maintain abstinence postpartum is unknown. ...
Gillum R F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Data from a national health survey were used to test the hypothesis of a negative association of smoking in pregnancy and three measures of religious participation and importance. METHODS: The 2002 National Survey of Family Growth included 2395 women aged 15 to 44 years with a history of at ...
Arbuckle Tye E - - 2008
An international workshop titled "Assessing Endocrine-Related Endpoints within the First Years of Life" was held 30 April-1 May 2007, in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Representatives from a number of pregnancy cohort studies in North America and Europe presented options for measuring various endocrine-sensitive endpoints in early life and discussed issues related ...
Simard Julia F JF Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2008
Smoking during pregnancy has been associated with asthma, obesity, and decreased cognitive functioning in the offspring. To study the role of in utero smoking exposure in offsprings' adult health outcomes, it may be necessary to rely upon reports by the offspring themselves. We studied 34,949 mother-daughter pairs participating in the ...
Jeyabalan Arun - - 2008
Cigarette smoking during pregnancy is paradoxically associated with a reduced risk of developing preeclampsia. Both smoking and preeclampsia are associated with alterations in circulating angiogenic factors. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between cigarette smoking and the angiogenic factors soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and placental ...
Detmar Jacqui - - 2008
Maternal cigarette smoking is considered an important risk factor associated with fetal intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are well-known constituents of cigarette smoke, and the effects of acute exposure to these chemicals at different gestational stages have been well established in a variety of laboratory animals. In ...
Pauly James R - - 2008
Abstract The adverse effects of prenatal cigarette smoke exposure on human reproductive outcomes are a major scientific and public health concern. In the United States, approximately 25% of women of childbearing age currently smoke cigarettes, and only a small percentage of these individuals quit after learning of their pregnancy. Women ...
Kayemba-Kay's Simon - - 2008
Low birth weight (BW), small head circumference, reduced length, increased preterm births and neuro-endocrine dysfunctions are among known consequences of smoking during pregnancy. Few studies have linked leptin to clinical features of growth restriction associated with maternal smoking and explored interaction with other determinants of size at birth, such as ...
Heil Sarah H - - 2008
AIMS: This study examined whether voucher-based reinforcement therapy (VBRT) contingent upon smoking abstinence during pregnancy is an effective method for decreasing maternal smoking during pregnancy and improving fetal growth. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A two-condition, parallel-groups, randomized controlled trial was conducted in a university-based research clinic. A total of 82 ...
Crawford Julie T - - 2008
Smoking cessation in pregnancy has been shown to reduce low birth weight, preterm birth, and infant morbidities. The effectiveness and safety profile of current cessation approaches in pregnancy are presented. The highest cessation rates are associated with counseling and behavioral interventions. Further studies are needed to evaluate the safety and ...
Haskins Amy - - 2008
PURPOSE: Studies of smoking during pregnancy and preterm birth among Hispanic women are sparse. Our goal was to evaluate the effect of cigarette smoking during pre-pregnancy, early pregnancy, and mid pregnancy on preterm birth among Hispanic women, the fastest growing ethnic group in the United States. METHODS: We evaluated data ...
Kaneko Akiyo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and childbirth can act as strong factors motivating parents to spontaneously quit smoking. The aim of the present survey was to establish smoking cessation guidelines for this group. The objectives were to clarify the smoking status of parents before, during and after pregnancy, as well as the factors ...
Kong Grace W S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: While the prevalence of young female smokers is rising among the Hong Kong Chinese population, data on their smoking pattern during pregnancy are limited. AIMS: To investigate the smoking habit of Hong Kong Chinese women and their partners during pregnancy. METHODS: Postal questionnaires were sent to 479 couples to ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >