Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1315
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Thapar Anita A Department of Psychological Medicine, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom. - - 2009
It is widely considered that exposure to maternal cigarette smoking in pregnancy has risk effects on offspring attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This view is supported by consistent observations of association. It is, however, impossible to be certain of adequate control for confounding factors with observational designs. We use a novel "natural ...
Adegboye Amanda R A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To describe maternal characteristics and lifestyle factors associated with prenatal smoking habits and to appraise the effect of quitting smoking in early gestation on maternal weight gain during pregnancy. METHODS: This is a follow-up study of 1753 women who gave birth in 1984/1985 in Stockholm, Sweden. Multivariate logistic models ...
Tanaka Keiko - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy and postnatal household smoking on the prevalence of dental caries. STUDY DESIGN: Study subjects were 2015 children, age 3 years. Information on maternal smoking during pregnancy and postnatal exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) at home was obtained through questionnaires. ...
Hayatbakhsh M R - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is a paucity of evidence about whether exposure to antenatal smoking impacts on offspring's lung function in early adulthood. This study aimed to examine whether (1) in utero exposure to maternal smoking is related to poorer respiratory functioning in early adulthood; (2) the impact of prenatal ...
Dukic Vanja M VM Department of Health Studies, University of Chicago, USA. - - 2009
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is a major public health problem that has been associated with numerous short- and long-term adverse health outcomes in offspring. However, characterizing smoking exposure during pregnancy precisely has been rather difficult: self-reported measures of smoking often suffer from recall bias, deliberate misreporting, and selective non-disclosure, while ...
Tong Van T - - 2009
Smoking among nonpregnant women contributes to reduced fertility, and smoking during pregnancy is associated with delivery of preterm infants, low infant birthweight, and increased infant mortality. After delivery, exposure to secondhand smoke can increase an infant's risk for respiratory tract infections and for dying of sudden infant death syndrome. During ...
Llaquet Heura - - 2010
The measurement of nicotine and its major metabolites cotinine and trans-3 -hydroxicotinine together with other minor metabolites (e.g., cotinine N-oxide, cotinine, and trans-3 -hydroxicotinine glucuronides) in conventional and nonconventional biological matrices has been used as a biomarker to assess the exposure to environmental tobacco smoke during childhood. The determination of ...
Freathy Rachel M RM Genetics of Complex Traits, Peninsula Medical School, Institute of Biomedical and Clinical Science, Magdalen Road, Exeter EX1 2LU, - - 2009
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with low birth weight and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Women are more likely to quit smoking during pregnancy than at any other time in their lives, but some pregnant women continue to smoke. A recent genome-wide association study demonstrated an association between a common polymorphism ...
Baguelin-Pinaud Audrey - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: In animal studies, long-term prenatal nicotinic exposure alters the development of dopaminergic neurons. To determine whether prenatal smoking exposure was associated with schizophrenia, using a retrospective design study, we compared the prevalence of tobacco use during pregnancy in mothers of subjects with and without schizophrenia. METHODS: One hundred patients ...
Ino Toshihiro - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have suggested that maternal smoking may increase the risk of development of obesity in the unborn child in later life, but relatively few cohort studies have been done on the relationship between maternal smoking during pregnancy and future development of metabolic syndrome. METHODS: A systematic review and ...
Biederman Joseph - - 2009
Several studies have suggested an association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and both attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorder (CD) in the offspring of women who smoke during pregnancy. However, it is unclear whether one or both of the documented links are spurious, given the considerable comorbidity between these disorders. ...
Pickett K E KE Department of Health Sciences, University of York, UK. - - 2009
Although pregnancy is a time when women have increased motivation to quit smoking, approximately half of female smokers persist in smoking throughout their pregnancies. Persistent pregnancy smokers are known to be more nicotine dependent and to have greater sociodemographic disadvantage. Less is known about the psychosocial context of persistent pregnancy ...
Antal Sára - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We have previously reported that irradiation of mice in utero significantly increased the tumor incidence in the offspring of irradiated mothers. The joint effects of irradiation and cigarette smoking (CS) on tumor incidence and on the process of carcinogenesis were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pregnant C57Bl/6J female mice were ...
Kable Julie A - - 2009
Deficits in auditory processing have been posited as one of the underlying neurodevelopmental consequences of maternal smoking during pregnancy that leads to later language and reading deficits. Fast auditory brainstem responses were used to assess differences in the sensory processing of auditory stimuli among infants with varying degrees of prenatal ...
Morales Eva - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with cognitive deficits in children. Parental factors are proposed as an explanatory. We studied the influence of GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms on the cognition effects induced by active maternal smoking during pregnancy. METHODS: Children (n = 384) from a prospective population-based birth cohort ...
Chen Xinguang - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Studies have documented the role of variations in genes that encode metabolic enzymes in altering the effects of maternal smoking on child health. We assessed the association of the MspI polymorphism in CYP1A1(*2A) and the null GSTM1 with maternal smoking behavior during pregnancy. METHODS: Smoking data for women during ...
Chou Fan-Hao - - 2009
A cross-sectional survey was conducted to investigate the associations among smoking, drinking, betel quid chewing and pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting (N/V) in Taiwanese aboriginal women. A total of 901 aboriginal women from 11 hospitals were recruited into this study. A structured questionnaire on demographic and obstetric information, smoking history, alcohol ...
Einarson Adrienne - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Despite documented evidence of harm to fetus and infant, a substantial number of women continue to smoke during pregnancy and lactation. OBJECTIVE: To examine the literature regarding smoking during pregnancy and breastfeeding to ascertain adverse effects as well as the efficacy of interventions to enable women to stop smoking ...
Kim Shin Y - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine patterns of cigarette and smokeless tobacco use before, during, and after pregnancy among Alaska Native (AN) and white women living in Alaska. METHODS: We used data from the 2000-2003 population-based Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System to describe patterns of self-reported prenatal tobacco use among AN and white ...
Blacquière M J - - 2009
Children from smoking mothers have an increased risk of developing asthma for reasons largely unknown. The effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy on remodelling, allergic airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness in offspring were investigated in an experimental asthma model. Mice were exposed to fresh air or cigarette smoke from 3 weeks ...
Xaverius Pamela K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recently published preconception health guidelines promote maternal health, yet adherence to those guidelines has not been documented. We hypothesized that pregnant women engaged in a healthier lifestyle than nonpregnant women, although this may vary by pregnancy intention and birth control method. METHODS: We performed secondary analysis of cross-sectional data ...
Bosnjak Anita Pavicic - - 2009
AIM: Duration of breastfeeding, socio-demographic and psychosocial characteristics of the mothers attending breastfeeding support groups were investigated. METHODS: All examined mothers were cared for according to the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) of the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF. The investigated group of mothers attended a breastfeeding support group ...
Lind Anna-Britta - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Mirtazapine is a tetracyclic antidepressant drug available as a racemic mixture of S(+)- and R(-)-mirtazapine. These enantiomers have different pharmacological properties, and both contribute to the clinical and adverse effects of the drug. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 has been implicated in the metabolism of S(+)-mirtazapine. However, the ...
Magnusardottir Anna R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate pregnancy outcome in relation to red blood cell (RBC) level of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in the first trimester of pregnancy and the influence of lifestyle factors on the RBC level of long-chain n-3 PUFA. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational study in a community with traditional ...
Knopik Valerie S - - 2009
Maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSDP) is a major public health concern with clearly established consequences to both mother and newborn (e.g., low birth weight, altered cardiorespiratory responses). MSDP has also been associated with higher rates of a variety of poor cognitive and behavioral outcomes in children, including attention deficit hyperactivity ...
Lanting Caren I - - 2009
Tobacco smoking is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, including during pregnancy. Although effective ways of promoting smoking cessation during pregnancy exist, the impact of these interventions has not been studied at a national level. We estimated the prevalence of smoking throughout pregnancy in the Netherlands and quantified associations ...
Lumley Judith J Mother and Child Health Research, La Trobe University, 324-328 Little Lonsdale Street, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, - - 2009
Tobacco smoking in pregnancy remains one of the few preventable factors associated with complications in pregnancy, low birthweight, preterm birth and has serious long-term health implications for women and babies. Smoking in pregnancy is decreasing in high-income countries and increasing in low- to middle-income countries and is strongly associated with ...
Ejaz Sohail - - 2009
The cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) and total particulate matter (TPM) in cigarette smoke is extremely toxic and may produce several pathologies. In our study, we used a chicken chorioallantoic membrane assay (CAM) to study the toxicological effects of CSC and TPM on different aspects of angiogenesis. CSC and TPM from ...
Rizzo Giuseppe - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We sought to establish the effect of maternal smoking on placental volume and vascularization in early gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Three-dimensional power Doppler ultrasonography of the placenta was performed at 11+0 to 13+6 weeks in 80 pregnancies categorized according to cigarette consumption: group A never smoked, B smoking < 10 ...
Montgomery S M - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: An association between parental smoking and multiple sclerosis (MS) in offspring has been reported. This study examined whether maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with MS in offspring. METHODS: Swedish general population registers provided prospectively recorded information on maternal smoking during pregnancy. The study identified 143 cases with MS ...
Kafouri S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The incidence of cigarette smoking during pregnancy remains high. Maternal smoking during pregnancy is known to be associated with cognitive and behavioural sequelae in childhood and adolescence. We assessed the relationship between maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy and cognitive abilities in adolescent offspring (n = 503, 12- to 18-years ...
Goedhart Geertje - - 2009
The present study examined the association of several psychosocial problems with continued smoking during pregnancy. Based on a population-based cohort study among pregnant women in Amsterdam (n=8266), women who smoked before pregnancy were included in this study (n=1947). Women completed a questionnaire around the 12th week of gestation. Based on ...
Rore Craig - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women who continue to smoke expose their developing fetus to a wide range of risks. Assisting these patients to stop smoking can be an important intervention for the health of the baby and the mother. The management of pregnant smokers can be challenging, due to the potential risks ...
Reeves Shane - - 2008
Exposure to tobacco smoke, through both active and passive measures, has a significant impact on women's health, including effects on the cardiovascular, pulmonary and reproductive systems. Of particular interest is the effect of smoking on pregnancy outcomes. One crucial outcome that has been linked to the subsequent development of both ...
Khan Huma Musarrat - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the adverse effects of passive tobacco smoking on fertility of female mice and the preventive role of antioxidants, if any. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Anatomy Department, CPSP Regional Centre, Islamabad, from February to July 2005. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and seventeen female ...
Delpisheh Ali - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Prenatal smoking exposure causes intrauterine fetal growth restriction (IUGR), although its effects on fetal proportionality are less clearly defined. AIM: The present study assessed fetal proportionality in babies with IUGR using maternal salivary cotinine to indicate maternal smoking exposure. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A case-control study at the Liverpool Women's ...
Waylen A L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate whether any difference exists in success rate of clinical outcomes of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) between women who actively smoke cigarettes at the time of treatment and those who do not. METHODS: An intensive computerized search was conducted on published literature ...
Ashwin Cathy A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: to review the literature of women's use of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) during pregnancy. The review will examine NRT and nicotine, interventions and barriers to smoking cessation and the literature exploring women's views on using NRT in pregnancy. METHOD: a structured review of the literature was undertaken by accessing ...
Horn Kristin H - - 2008
Environmental tobacco smoke exposures have been linked to adverse health effects. Folate is essential for normal development, with deficiencies often causing fetal growth restriction. Mice lacking the folate binding protein-2 receptor (Folr2) exhibit increased susceptibility to teratogens. The purpose of the current study was to determine if the loss of ...
Brodsky Jennifer L - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To describe the relationship between the timing of entry into the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) among pregnant women in Rhode Island (RI) and changes in maternal cigarette smoking (MCS) during pregnancy. METHODS: MCS data gathered by WIC were analyzed for pregnant women who ...
Dundar Ozgur - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the levels of annexin A5 in second trimester amniotic fluid, and evaluate its correlation with subsequent development of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHOD: A total of 264 women undergoing mid-trimester amniocentesis between January 2007 and December 2007 were enrolled for the ...
Simhan Hyagriv N HN Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Magee-Womens Research Institute, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2008
The objective of the study was to explore the relation between maternal and fetal genetic variation in Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and chorionic plate inflammation In this prospective observational cohort of 109 women with singleton gestations, 13 tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in the TLR4 gene. The diagnosis ...
Hensley Alford Sharon M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study examined predictors and behaviors of pregnancy-related smoking among women who belonged to a private health maintenance organization and the recall accuracy of pregnancy-related smoking behaviors after 6-years. METHODS: A cohort of 725 pregnant women was followed for six years. Major predictors for smoking behavior before, during, and ...
Sharma Andrea J - - 2008
Studies suggest that children exposed to cigarette smoke in utero are at risk of becoming obese. Few researchers have evaluated the dose-response association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and childhood obesity or whether this association varies by maternal race/ethnicity. The authors obtained retrospective cohort data by linking records from the ...
Seong Moon-Woo - - 2008
Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is a major risk to human health, and the home is the greatest single source of ETS for children. The authors investigated fetal exposure to paternal smoking at home during pregnancy. Korean families were included as trios of fathers, mothers, and neonates identified in ...
Park Eun-Young - - 2008
Environmental tobacco smoking (ETS) is known to be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between maternal exposure to ETS and oxidative stress for neonates, as well as the effect of maternal genetic polymorphisms, glutathione-S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) and GSTT1, on this relationship. ...
Pierre-Louis Bredy - - 2008
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a rare event in women of childbearing age and has been estimated to occur at a rate of 1 in 10,000 women during pregnancy. First reported on in 1922, subsequent reports appeared in the literature indicating the unique features of this condition which can significantly ...
de Gheldere Antoine - - 2008
The study was undertaken to determine the radiographic impact of the tenotomy after the Ponseti method. We report a retrospective and prospective radiographic analysis of 37 clubfeet after the Achilles tenotomy. The talocalcaneal angle was measured on lateral and anteroposterior views; the tibiotalar and the tibiocalcaneal angles were evaluated on ...
Allen Alicia M - - 2008
This study provided a population-based estimate of the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy by combining information from two data sources: birth certificates (BCs) and a self-administered questionnaire. We analyzed data from 39,345 women who delivered live births in one of 24 states and responded to a questionnaire from the Pregnancy ...
McCarthy Danielle E - - 2008
The study aimed to test simultaneously our understanding of the effects of bupropion sustained-release (SR) treatment on putative mediators and our understanding of determinants of post-quit abstinence, including withdrawal distress, cigarette craving, positive affect and subjective reactions to cigarettes smoked during a lapse. The specificity of bupropion SR effects was ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >