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Bowden Jacqueline A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the impact of an integrated brief intervention to assist antenatal staff in addressing smoking with pregnant women. DESIGN: Three studies were conducted: (a) antenatal staff surveys pre- and post-training to deliver the brief intervention; (b) retrospective audit of pregnancy records; (c) post-intervention follow-up interviews with a cohort of ...
Nichter Mimi - - 2010
Tobacco use is a leading cause of death and of poor pregnancy outcome in many countries. While tobacco use is decreasing in many high-income countries, it is increasing in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where by the year 2030, 80% of deaths caused by tobacco use are expected to ...
Haskins Amy E - - 2010
Disturbances in glucose metabolism during pregnancy are associated with negative sequalae for both mother and infant. The association between smoking and abnormal glucose tolerance (AGT) remains controversial. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the relationship between smoking prior to and during pregnancy and risk of AGT. We ...
D'Onofrio Brian M - - 2010
The current study, based on all births in Sweden from 1983 to 1991 (N = 654,707), explored the processes underlying the association between smoking during pregnancy (SDP) and offspring school grades and mathematic proficiency at age 15. The analyses compared relatives who varied in their exposure to SDP and who ...
Ergin Isil - - 2010
Smoking during pregnancy has been associated with socioeconomic determinants and it is recognized as the most important preventable risk factor for an unsuccessful pregnancy outcome. Turkey has national data on the prevalance of smoking during pregnancy; however there is no data on the characteristics of the high-risk population. This is ...
Al-Sahab Ban - - 2010
Cigarette smoking carries a threat both to the expecting mother and her newborn. Data on the prevalence and predictors of smoking during pregnancy is limited in Canada. Canadian studies are mainly representative of specific cities and/or provinces. Therefore, the study aims to assess the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy and ...
Gallo Chiara - - 2010
There have been a few studies that examined the oxidative stress effects of nicotine during pregnancy and lactation. The adverse effect of prenatal smoking exposure on human fetal development and growth has been a major public health issue. Active or passive smoking during pregnancy can result in a wide variety ...
Pearce M S - - 2010
Research evidence suggests that exposure to ambient air pollutants can adversely affect the growth and development of the foetus and infant survival. Much less is known regarding the potential for an association between black smoke air pollution and stillbirth risk. This potential association was examined using data from the historical ...
Lundberg Frida - - 2010
Smoking during pregnancy has been linked to an increased risk of several adverse birth outcomes. Associations with deficits in cognitive development have also been suggested. It is unclear whether these associations are due to genetic and/or environmental confounding. In a population-based Swedish cohort study on 205,777 singleton males born to ...
Pollak Kathryn I - - 2010
Pregnancy may be a time when US Latino expectant fathers consider quitting smoking. A 'teachable moment' is theorized to increase motivation to change a behavior through increased risk perceptions, emotional responses, and changes in self-image. We recruited 30 Spanish-speaking expectant fathers through their pregnant partners. We assessed expectant fathers' diet, ...
Price Thomas S TS SGDP Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, London, UK. - - 2010
Maternal smoking during pregnancy retards fetal growth and depresses infant birth weight. The magnitude of these effects may be moderated by fetal genotype. The current study investigated maternal smoking, fetal genotype, and fetal growth in a large population sample of dizygotic twins. Maternal smoking retarded fetal growth in a dose-dependent ...
Hutchinson J J Department of Health and Sciences and Hull-York Medical School, University of York, Seebohm Rowntree Building, Area 3, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK. - - 2010
Maternal smoking during pregnancy has been consistently associated with disruptive behaviour in male offspring; however, results for girls are inconsistent and little is known about emergent patterns in young children. Additionally, it is unclear whether maternal smoking is independently associated in offspring with hyperactivity-inattention or only when it co-occurs with ...
Agrawal Arpana - - 2010
To evaluate the possible association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and offspring outcomes of birth weight, pre-term birth, remediation, low scholastic achievement, regular smoking, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and conduct problems while controlling for similar behaviors in parents. Using telephone interviews, data were collected, in 2001 and 2004, as a ...
Vardavas Constantine I - - 2010
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is a significant threat to the fetus. We examined the association between active maternal smoking and smoking cessation during early pregnancy with newborn somatometrics and adverse pregnancy outcomes including preterm delivery, low birth weight, and fetal growth restriction. One thousand four hundred mother-child pairs with extensive ...
Hylkema Machteld N - - 2009
One third of women continue to smoke during early pregnancy, although evidence for detrimental effects of in utero smoke exposure on fetal growth and development are rising. A number of epidemiologic studies have shown that prenatal exposure to environmental smoke is an independent risk factor for poor lung function, wheezing, ...
Wdowiak Artur - - 2009
The objective of the study was the evaluation of effect of passive smoking among pregnant women on the health condition of their newborn babies. The study covered 150 healthy, non-smoking women from the Lublin Region. Among the total number of respondents, 45.34 % were not exposed during pregnancy to passive ...
Graham Hilary - - 2010
The concept of the socioeconomic lifecourse is increasingly informing understanding of the social patterning of cigarette smoking. We investigated lifecourse influences on (i) women's smoking status (smoker/non-smoker) before pregnancy and (ii) quitting in pregnancy in the UK Millennium Cohort study. Our analyses included conventional measures of the socioeconomic lifecourse (woman's ...
Contreras K R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of tobacco use on perinatal outcomes among patients with gestational diabetes (GDM). STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study of singleton pregnancies with GDM and live births from 2003 to 2006. The primary outcome, large for gestational age (LGA) infants, was compared between smoking ...
Lowry R J - - 2009
AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate an intervention using social marketing principles to increase breastfeeding and reduce smoking during pregnancy in a population to improve life chances for children born in a town in north east England. METHOD: Breastfeeding and smoking cessation attendance rates were measured against ...
Hart Roger - - 2009
CONTEXT: Adequate uterine volume and ovarian reserve are essential for reproductive health. Antenatal events such as restricted fetal growth and maternal tobacco smoking are hypothesized to impact on reproductive function in later life, although not studied in a large prospective normal pregnancy population to date. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the ...
Fowler Paul A - - 2009
The LH receptor (LHCGR) drives fetal testosterone secretion, which is vital for human masculinization. Maternal smoking is associated with defective masculinization, but the relationship between smoking, tropic hormones, testosterone, and functional LHCGR expression is poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate developmental changes in fetal gonadotropins, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), ...
Bailey Beth A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In 2000, the American College of Obstetricians/Gynecologists(ACOG) established the 5 A's method of brief smoking cessation counseling (ask, advise, assess, assist, arrange) as a standard component of prenatal care. The purpose of this study was to describe use of the 5 A's in prenatal care in Northeast Tennessee, where ...
Crozier Sarah R SR MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, (University of Southampton), Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK. - - 2009
A woman's life style choices before and during pregnancy have important implications for her unborn child, but information on behaviour can be unreliable when data are collected retrospectively. In particular there are no large longitudinal datasets that include information collected prospectively before pregnancy to allow accurate description of changes in ...
Oncken Cheryl A - - 2009
Given the substantial health risks of smoking during pregnancy, and the potential of pharmacotherapy to enhance quit rates, a need exists to examine the utility of pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation during pregnancy. We briefly review the first-line medications that are recommended for smoking cessation in nonpregnant adults. Additionally, we review ...
Robinson Monique - - 2010
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of smoking in pregnancy on child and adolescent behavioural development, in comparison with mothers who ceased smoking in the first 18 weeks of pregnancy and with those who never smoked, in a large prospective pregnancy cohort. The Western Australian Pregnancy ...
Bailey Beth A - - 2009
BACKGROUND:: In 2000, the American College of Obstetricians/Gynecologists (ACOG) established the 5 A's method of brief smoking cessation counseling (ask, advise, assess, assist, arrange) as a standard component of prenatal care. The purpose of this study was to describe use of the 5 A's in prenatal care in Northeast Tennessee, ...
Osadchy Alla - - 2009
Smoking during pregnancy increases the risks of maternal and fetal complications and adverse neonatal outcomes, and it remains a significant health problem. Although pregnancy is often a strong motivator for smoking cessation, many pregnant women continue to smoke. Effective smoking cessation strategies for use during pregnancy are therefore clearly needed. ...
Pickett Kate E KE Department of Health Sciences and Hull-York Medical School, University of York, Seebohm Rowntree Building, Area 3, Heslington, York YO105DD, UK. - - 2009
Retrospective recall of smoking during pregnancy is assumed to be substantially biased, but this has rarely been tested empirically. We examined the validity of an interview-based retrospective recall more than a decade after pregnancy, in a cohort with repeated, multimethod characterization of pregnancy smoking (N = 245). Retrospective smoking patterns ...
Stavrou Efty P - - 2009
Following linkage between the NSW Central Cancer Registry (CCR) and the NSW Midwives Data Collection, an investigation of the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and the risk of childhood cancer in their offspring was undertaken. Children born in NSW between 1994 and 2005, inclusive of 1,045,966 babies, were matched ...
Thapar Anita A Department of Psychological Medicine, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom. - - 2009
It is widely considered that exposure to maternal cigarette smoking in pregnancy has risk effects on offspring attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This view is supported by consistent observations of association. It is, however, impossible to be certain of adequate control for confounding factors with observational designs. We use a novel "natural ...
Adegboye Amanda R A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To describe maternal characteristics and lifestyle factors associated with prenatal smoking habits and to appraise the effect of quitting smoking in early gestation on maternal weight gain during pregnancy. METHODS: This is a follow-up study of 1753 women who gave birth in 1984/1985 in Stockholm, Sweden. Multivariate logistic models ...
Tanaka Keiko - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy and postnatal household smoking on the prevalence of dental caries. STUDY DESIGN: Study subjects were 2015 children, age 3 years. Information on maternal smoking during pregnancy and postnatal exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) at home was obtained through questionnaires. ...
Hayatbakhsh M R - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is a paucity of evidence about whether exposure to antenatal smoking impacts on offspring's lung function in early adulthood. This study aimed to examine whether (1) in utero exposure to maternal smoking is related to poorer respiratory functioning in early adulthood; (2) the impact of prenatal ...
Dukic Vanja M VM Department of Health Studies, University of Chicago, USA. - - 2009
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is a major public health problem that has been associated with numerous short- and long-term adverse health outcomes in offspring. However, characterizing smoking exposure during pregnancy precisely has been rather difficult: self-reported measures of smoking often suffer from recall bias, deliberate misreporting, and selective non-disclosure, while ...
Tong Van T - - 2009
Smoking among nonpregnant women contributes to reduced fertility, and smoking during pregnancy is associated with delivery of preterm infants, low infant birthweight, and increased infant mortality. After delivery, exposure to secondhand smoke can increase an infant's risk for respiratory tract infections and for dying of sudden infant death syndrome. During ...
Llaquet Heura - - 2010
The measurement of nicotine and its major metabolites cotinine and trans-3 -hydroxicotinine together with other minor metabolites (e.g., cotinine N-oxide, cotinine, and trans-3 -hydroxicotinine glucuronides) in conventional and nonconventional biological matrices has been used as a biomarker to assess the exposure to environmental tobacco smoke during childhood. The determination of ...
Freathy Rachel M RM Genetics of Complex Traits, Peninsula Medical School, Institute of Biomedical and Clinical Science, Magdalen Road, Exeter EX1 2LU, - - 2009
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with low birth weight and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Women are more likely to quit smoking during pregnancy than at any other time in their lives, but some pregnant women continue to smoke. A recent genome-wide association study demonstrated an association between a common polymorphism ...
Baguelin-Pinaud Audrey - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: In animal studies, long-term prenatal nicotinic exposure alters the development of dopaminergic neurons. To determine whether prenatal smoking exposure was associated with schizophrenia, using a retrospective design study, we compared the prevalence of tobacco use during pregnancy in mothers of subjects with and without schizophrenia. METHODS: One hundred patients ...
Ino Toshihiro - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have suggested that maternal smoking may increase the risk of development of obesity in the unborn child in later life, but relatively few cohort studies have been done on the relationship between maternal smoking during pregnancy and future development of metabolic syndrome. METHODS: A systematic review and ...
Biederman Joseph - - 2009
Several studies have suggested an association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and both attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorder (CD) in the offspring of women who smoke during pregnancy. However, it is unclear whether one or both of the documented links are spurious, given the considerable comorbidity between these disorders. ...
Pickett K E KE Department of Health Sciences, University of York, UK. - - 2009
Although pregnancy is a time when women have increased motivation to quit smoking, approximately half of female smokers persist in smoking throughout their pregnancies. Persistent pregnancy smokers are known to be more nicotine dependent and to have greater sociodemographic disadvantage. Less is known about the psychosocial context of persistent pregnancy ...
Antal Sára - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We have previously reported that irradiation of mice in utero significantly increased the tumor incidence in the offspring of irradiated mothers. The joint effects of irradiation and cigarette smoking (CS) on tumor incidence and on the process of carcinogenesis were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pregnant C57Bl/6J female mice were ...
Kable Julie A - - 2009
Deficits in auditory processing have been posited as one of the underlying neurodevelopmental consequences of maternal smoking during pregnancy that leads to later language and reading deficits. Fast auditory brainstem responses were used to assess differences in the sensory processing of auditory stimuli among infants with varying degrees of prenatal ...
Morales Eva - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with cognitive deficits in children. Parental factors are proposed as an explanatory. We studied the influence of GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms on the cognition effects induced by active maternal smoking during pregnancy. METHODS: Children (n = 384) from a prospective population-based birth cohort ...
Chen Xinguang - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Studies have documented the role of variations in genes that encode metabolic enzymes in altering the effects of maternal smoking on child health. We assessed the association of the MspI polymorphism in CYP1A1(*2A) and the null GSTM1 with maternal smoking behavior during pregnancy. METHODS: Smoking data for women during ...
Chou Fan-Hao - - 2009
A cross-sectional survey was conducted to investigate the associations among smoking, drinking, betel quid chewing and pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting (N/V) in Taiwanese aboriginal women. A total of 901 aboriginal women from 11 hospitals were recruited into this study. A structured questionnaire on demographic and obstetric information, smoking history, alcohol ...
Einarson Adrienne - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Despite documented evidence of harm to fetus and infant, a substantial number of women continue to smoke during pregnancy and lactation. OBJECTIVE: To examine the literature regarding smoking during pregnancy and breastfeeding to ascertain adverse effects as well as the efficacy of interventions to enable women to stop smoking ...
Kim Shin Y - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine patterns of cigarette and smokeless tobacco use before, during, and after pregnancy among Alaska Native (AN) and white women living in Alaska. METHODS: We used data from the 2000-2003 population-based Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System to describe patterns of self-reported prenatal tobacco use among AN and white ...
Blacquière M J - - 2009
Children from smoking mothers have an increased risk of developing asthma for reasons largely unknown. The effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy on remodelling, allergic airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness in offspring were investigated in an experimental asthma model. Mice were exposed to fresh air or cigarette smoke from 3 weeks ...
Xaverius Pamela K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recently published preconception health guidelines promote maternal health, yet adherence to those guidelines has not been documented. We hypothesized that pregnant women engaged in a healthier lifestyle than nonpregnant women, although this may vary by pregnancy intention and birth control method. METHODS: We performed secondary analysis of cross-sectional data ...
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