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Results 151 - 200 of 1311
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Forest Sharron - - 2010
Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is effective for smoking cessation, but much controversy surrounds its use during pregnancy. The importance of finding ways to help pregnant smokers quit is undisputed, since smoking during pregnancy causes harm to the mother and the fetus, with effects of smoke exposure extending into childhood. Researchers ...
Bailey Beth A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To determine rates of pregnancy smoking concealment compared to behavioral observation and to identify factors predicting untruthful denial. METHODS: Review of 843 delivery charts. RESULTS: Based on observation during delivery hospitalization, 8% of smokers denied hospital admission, 16% denied throughout prenatal care. Compared with those admitting smoking, false deniers ...
Blood-Siegfried Jane - - 2010
A large body of documented evidence has found that smoking during pregnancy is harmful to both the mother and the fetus. Prenatal exposure to nicotine in various forms alters neurologic development in experimental animals and may increase the risk for neurologic conditions in humans. There is a positive association between ...
Burstyn Igor - - 2010
Few studies, and none in Canada, have examined the relation between maternal smoking, alcohol consumption and drug dependence during pregnancy and early neonatal morbidity. We analyzed records of singleton live births in Alberta, Canada. Markers of neonatal morbidity were Apgar scores (< 7 at 5 minutes postpartum) and resuscitation measures ...
Aagaard-Tillery Kjersti K Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. - - 2010
To assess whether functional maternal or fetal genotypes along well-characterized metabolic pathways (ie, CYP1A1, GSTT1, and CYP2A6) may account for varying associations with adverse outcomes among pregnant women who smoke. DNA samples from 502 smokers and their conceptuses, alongside women in a control group, were genotyped for known functional allelic ...
Habek Dubravko - - 2011
The aim of this study is to evaluate perinatal outcome and subsequent morbidity and neurodevelopment in 10-year-old children with fetal hypokinesia intrauterinely verified by ultrasonography in early pregnancy as a pattern of abnormal fetal behavior due to maternal chronic smoking. This study revealed significant global fetal hypokinesia as well as ...
Kiechl-Kohlendorfer U - - 2010
AIM: To assess whether smoking in pregnancy influences neurodevelopmental outcome at 2-years of age in preterm infants with a gestational age <32 weeks. METHODS: Between January 2003 and December 2005 we prospectively enrolled 181 infants born alive between 23 and 32 weeks of gestation; 142 infants (78.5%) completed the follow-up ...
Lindblad Frank - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Smoking during pregnancy has been reported to be associated with a twofold to fourfold increased risk of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the offspring. Genetic and socioeconomic confounders may contribute to this association. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between fetal exposure to maternal smoking ...
Gandley Robin E - - 2010
Smoking is associated with multiple adverse pregnancy outcomes, including fetal growth restriction. The objective of this study was to determine whether cigarette smoke exposure during pregnancy in a mouse model affects the functional properties of maternal uterine, mesenteric, and renal arteries as a possible mechanism for growth restriction. C57Bl/CJ mice ...
O'Callaghan Frances V - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Studies of the effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy have reported inconsistent findings in relation to measures of offspring cognitive functioning. Few studies, however, have examined learning outcomes in adolescents, as opposed to IQ. AIM: To examine the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and academic performance among adolescent ...
Wang Xiaoming X Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, 77555-0587, - - 2010
Smoking during pregnancy is the largest modifiable risk factor for pregnancy-related morbidity and mortality. The success of bupropion for smoking cessation warrants its investigation for the treatment of pregnant patients. Nevertheless, the use of bupropion for the treatment of pregnant smokers requires additional data on its bio-disposition during pregnancy. Therefore, ...
Hennrikus Deborah - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We examined the feasibility and effectiveness of an intervention to mobilize women in the social networks of pregnant smokers to support smoking cessation. METHODS: This study was conducted in St. Paul, Minnesota, and Columbus, Ohio, from 2005 through 2007. Pregnant smokers (n=82) identified a woman in their social network ...
Schneider Sven - - 2010
ISSUES: Second-hand smoke presents a health risk for a large group of entirely helpless nonsmokers: unborn children. Reliable data on women continuing to smoke during pregnancy are essential for effective preventive and interventional programs. The aim of this review is therefore to identify this risk group compared with spontaneous quitters ...
Karatay Gurnaz - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted with the purpose of evaluating changes in fathers' behaviours towards smoking during the prenatal and postnatal periods. DESIGN: A descriptive study conducted in primary health care centres in Kars. SUBJECTS: Parents applying with their 0-1 year old babies in order to utilise such relevant services ...
Anderka Marlene - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To describe maternal exposure to tobacco in the three months before conception and throughout pregnancy, examine risk factors associated with tobacco exposure in pregnancy and smoking cessation, assess use of pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation and evaluate birth outcomes by smoking status. DESIGN: A cohort of women from a multi-site ...
England Lucinda J - - 2010
Although cigarette smoking remains the most prevalent form of tobacco use in girls and in women of reproductive age globally, use of non-cigarette forms of tobacco is prevalent or gaining in popularity in many parts of the world, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Sparse but growing evidence suggests that ...
Carlsen Sven Magnus - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Breastfeeding depends on endocrine changes during pregnancy. The association between gestational hormones and lactation has been sparsely investigated. Previously, androgens were used for lactation inhibition. We investigated a possible association between second trimester maternal androgen levels and breastfeeding. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University hospital setting. POPULATION. Women from ...
Bowden Jacqueline A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the impact of an integrated brief intervention to assist antenatal staff in addressing smoking with pregnant women. DESIGN: Three studies were conducted: (a) antenatal staff surveys pre- and post-training to deliver the brief intervention; (b) retrospective audit of pregnancy records; (c) post-intervention follow-up interviews with a cohort of ...
Nichter Mimi - - 2010
Tobacco use is a leading cause of death and of poor pregnancy outcome in many countries. While tobacco use is decreasing in many high-income countries, it is increasing in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where by the year 2030, 80% of deaths caused by tobacco use are expected to ...
Haskins Amy E - - 2010
Disturbances in glucose metabolism during pregnancy are associated with negative sequalae for both mother and infant. The association between smoking and abnormal glucose tolerance (AGT) remains controversial. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the relationship between smoking prior to and during pregnancy and risk of AGT. We ...
D'Onofrio Brian M - - 2010
The current study, based on all births in Sweden from 1983 to 1991 (N = 654,707), explored the processes underlying the association between smoking during pregnancy (SDP) and offspring school grades and mathematic proficiency at age 15. The analyses compared relatives who varied in their exposure to SDP and who ...
Ergin Isil - - 2010
Smoking during pregnancy has been associated with socioeconomic determinants and it is recognized as the most important preventable risk factor for an unsuccessful pregnancy outcome. Turkey has national data on the prevalance of smoking during pregnancy; however there is no data on the characteristics of the high-risk population. This is ...
Al-Sahab Ban - - 2010
Cigarette smoking carries a threat both to the expecting mother and her newborn. Data on the prevalence and predictors of smoking during pregnancy is limited in Canada. Canadian studies are mainly representative of specific cities and/or provinces. Therefore, the study aims to assess the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy and ...
Gallo Chiara - - 2010
There have been a few studies that examined the oxidative stress effects of nicotine during pregnancy and lactation. The adverse effect of prenatal smoking exposure on human fetal development and growth has been a major public health issue. Active or passive smoking during pregnancy can result in a wide variety ...
Pearce M S - - 2010
Research evidence suggests that exposure to ambient air pollutants can adversely affect the growth and development of the foetus and infant survival. Much less is known regarding the potential for an association between black smoke air pollution and stillbirth risk. This potential association was examined using data from the historical ...
Lundberg Frida - - 2010
Smoking during pregnancy has been linked to an increased risk of several adverse birth outcomes. Associations with deficits in cognitive development have also been suggested. It is unclear whether these associations are due to genetic and/or environmental confounding. In a population-based Swedish cohort study on 205,777 singleton males born to ...
Pollak Kathryn I - - 2010
Pregnancy may be a time when US Latino expectant fathers consider quitting smoking. A 'teachable moment' is theorized to increase motivation to change a behavior through increased risk perceptions, emotional responses, and changes in self-image. We recruited 30 Spanish-speaking expectant fathers through their pregnant partners. We assessed expectant fathers' diet, ...
Price Thomas S TS SGDP Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, London, UK. - - 2010
Maternal smoking during pregnancy retards fetal growth and depresses infant birth weight. The magnitude of these effects may be moderated by fetal genotype. The current study investigated maternal smoking, fetal genotype, and fetal growth in a large population sample of dizygotic twins. Maternal smoking retarded fetal growth in a dose-dependent ...
Hutchinson J J Department of Health and Sciences and Hull-York Medical School, University of York, Seebohm Rowntree Building, Area 3, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK. - - 2010
Maternal smoking during pregnancy has been consistently associated with disruptive behaviour in male offspring; however, results for girls are inconsistent and little is known about emergent patterns in young children. Additionally, it is unclear whether maternal smoking is independently associated in offspring with hyperactivity-inattention or only when it co-occurs with ...
Agrawal Arpana - - 2010
To evaluate the possible association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and offspring outcomes of birth weight, pre-term birth, remediation, low scholastic achievement, regular smoking, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and conduct problems while controlling for similar behaviors in parents. Using telephone interviews, data were collected, in 2001 and 2004, as a ...
Vardavas Constantine I - - 2010
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is a significant threat to the fetus. We examined the association between active maternal smoking and smoking cessation during early pregnancy with newborn somatometrics and adverse pregnancy outcomes including preterm delivery, low birth weight, and fetal growth restriction. One thousand four hundred mother-child pairs with extensive ...
Hylkema Machteld N - - 2009
One third of women continue to smoke during early pregnancy, although evidence for detrimental effects of in utero smoke exposure on fetal growth and development are rising. A number of epidemiologic studies have shown that prenatal exposure to environmental smoke is an independent risk factor for poor lung function, wheezing, ...
Wdowiak Artur - - 2009
The objective of the study was the evaluation of effect of passive smoking among pregnant women on the health condition of their newborn babies. The study covered 150 healthy, non-smoking women from the Lublin Region. Among the total number of respondents, 45.34 % were not exposed during pregnancy to passive ...
Graham Hilary - - 2010
The concept of the socioeconomic lifecourse is increasingly informing understanding of the social patterning of cigarette smoking. We investigated lifecourse influences on (i) women's smoking status (smoker/non-smoker) before pregnancy and (ii) quitting in pregnancy in the UK Millennium Cohort study. Our analyses included conventional measures of the socioeconomic lifecourse (woman's ...
Contreras K R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of tobacco use on perinatal outcomes among patients with gestational diabetes (GDM). STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study of singleton pregnancies with GDM and live births from 2003 to 2006. The primary outcome, large for gestational age (LGA) infants, was compared between smoking ...
Lowry R J - - 2009
AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate an intervention using social marketing principles to increase breastfeeding and reduce smoking during pregnancy in a population to improve life chances for children born in a town in north east England. METHOD: Breastfeeding and smoking cessation attendance rates were measured against ...
Hart Roger - - 2009
CONTEXT: Adequate uterine volume and ovarian reserve are essential for reproductive health. Antenatal events such as restricted fetal growth and maternal tobacco smoking are hypothesized to impact on reproductive function in later life, although not studied in a large prospective normal pregnancy population to date. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the ...
Fowler Paul A - - 2009
The LH receptor (LHCGR) drives fetal testosterone secretion, which is vital for human masculinization. Maternal smoking is associated with defective masculinization, but the relationship between smoking, tropic hormones, testosterone, and functional LHCGR expression is poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate developmental changes in fetal gonadotropins, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), ...
Bailey Beth A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In 2000, the American College of Obstetricians/Gynecologists(ACOG) established the 5 A's method of brief smoking cessation counseling (ask, advise, assess, assist, arrange) as a standard component of prenatal care. The purpose of this study was to describe use of the 5 A's in prenatal care in Northeast Tennessee, where ...
Crozier Sarah R SR MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, (University of Southampton), Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK. - - 2009
A woman's life style choices before and during pregnancy have important implications for her unborn child, but information on behaviour can be unreliable when data are collected retrospectively. In particular there are no large longitudinal datasets that include information collected prospectively before pregnancy to allow accurate description of changes in ...
Oncken Cheryl A - - 2009
Given the substantial health risks of smoking during pregnancy, and the potential of pharmacotherapy to enhance quit rates, a need exists to examine the utility of pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation during pregnancy. We briefly review the first-line medications that are recommended for smoking cessation in nonpregnant adults. Additionally, we review ...
Robinson Monique - - 2010
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of smoking in pregnancy on child and adolescent behavioural development, in comparison with mothers who ceased smoking in the first 18 weeks of pregnancy and with those who never smoked, in a large prospective pregnancy cohort. The Western Australian Pregnancy ...
Bailey Beth A - - 2009
BACKGROUND:: In 2000, the American College of Obstetricians/Gynecologists (ACOG) established the 5 A's method of brief smoking cessation counseling (ask, advise, assess, assist, arrange) as a standard component of prenatal care. The purpose of this study was to describe use of the 5 A's in prenatal care in Northeast Tennessee, ...
Osadchy Alla - - 2009
Smoking during pregnancy increases the risks of maternal and fetal complications and adverse neonatal outcomes, and it remains a significant health problem. Although pregnancy is often a strong motivator for smoking cessation, many pregnant women continue to smoke. Effective smoking cessation strategies for use during pregnancy are therefore clearly needed. ...
Pickett Kate E KE Department of Health Sciences and Hull-York Medical School, University of York, Seebohm Rowntree Building, Area 3, Heslington, York YO105DD, UK. - - 2009
Retrospective recall of smoking during pregnancy is assumed to be substantially biased, but this has rarely been tested empirically. We examined the validity of an interview-based retrospective recall more than a decade after pregnancy, in a cohort with repeated, multimethod characterization of pregnancy smoking (N = 245). Retrospective smoking patterns ...
Stavrou Efty P - - 2009
Following linkage between the NSW Central Cancer Registry (CCR) and the NSW Midwives Data Collection, an investigation of the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and the risk of childhood cancer in their offspring was undertaken. Children born in NSW between 1994 and 2005, inclusive of 1,045,966 babies, were matched ...
Thapar Anita A Department of Psychological Medicine, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom. - - 2009
It is widely considered that exposure to maternal cigarette smoking in pregnancy has risk effects on offspring attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This view is supported by consistent observations of association. It is, however, impossible to be certain of adequate control for confounding factors with observational designs. We use a novel "natural ...
Adegboye Amanda R A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To describe maternal characteristics and lifestyle factors associated with prenatal smoking habits and to appraise the effect of quitting smoking in early gestation on maternal weight gain during pregnancy. METHODS: This is a follow-up study of 1753 women who gave birth in 1984/1985 in Stockholm, Sweden. Multivariate logistic models ...
Tanaka Keiko - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy and postnatal household smoking on the prevalence of dental caries. STUDY DESIGN: Study subjects were 2015 children, age 3 years. Information on maternal smoking during pregnancy and postnatal exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) at home was obtained through questionnaires. ...
Hayatbakhsh M R - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is a paucity of evidence about whether exposure to antenatal smoking impacts on offspring's lung function in early adulthood. This study aimed to examine whether (1) in utero exposure to maternal smoking is related to poorer respiratory functioning in early adulthood; (2) the impact of prenatal ...
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