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Wilasrusmee C - - 2012
Laparoscopic appendicectomy has gained wide acceptance as an alternative to open appendicectomy during pregnancy. However, data regarding the safety and optimal surgical approach to appendicitis in pregnancy are still controversial. This was a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing laparoscopic and open appendicectomy in pregnancy identified using PubMed and ...
Salmelin Anette - - 2012
Background: Computerised ST analysis of fetal electrocardiography (ECG) combined with cardiotochography (CTG) has been introduced for intrapartum monitoring and is the prevailing method when ST analysis (STAN®) is used. Objectives: To assess the evidence that computerised ST analysis during labor reduces the incidence of fetal metabolic acidosis, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, ...
Seshadri S - - 2012
The effect of heparin on IVF outcome has been widely debated in the literature. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the published literature was conducted to evaluate the effect of heparin treatment on IVF outcome. Searches were conducted on MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library and Web of Science and identified 10 ...
Dasanayake Ananda P - - 2012
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials shows no evidence that periodontal treatment during pregnancy prevents adverse pregnancy outcomes. Baccaglini L. J Am Dent Assoc 2011;142(10):1192-3. REVIEWER: Ananda P. Dasanayake, BDS, MPH, PhD, FACE PURPOSE/QUESTION: To determine whether scaling and root planning performed on pregnant women ...
de Barros Pinheiro Melina - - 2012
Preeclampsia is a multifactorial disease characterized by high blood pressure and proteinuria after the 20th week of pregnancy. Preeclampsia is associated with microvasculature fibrin deposition and maternal organ dysfunction. D-dimer (D-Di) has been used as a marker of production/degradation of fibrin in vivo. D-Di has emerged as a useful diagnostic ...
Seol H J - - 2012
Abdominal pregnancy is extremely rare and can result from the reimplantation of an intrauterine pregnancy after spontaneous uterine rupture. In this report, we present the case of a secondary missed abdominal pregnancy resulting from iatrogenic uterine perforation during dilatation and curettage in an early intrauterine pregnancy and subsequently misdiagnosed as ...
Fekete Katalin - - 2012
The beneficial effect of folic acid supplementation before and shortly after conception is well recognized, whereas the effect of supplementation during the second and third trimesters is controversial and poorly documented. Our aims were to systematically review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effect of folate supplementation on birth weight, ...
Wahabi Hayfaa A - - 2012
Pre-gestational diabetes mellitus is associated with increased risk for maternal and fetal adverse outcomes. This systematic review was carried out to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of pre-pregnancy care in improving the rate of congenital malformations and perinatal mortality for women with pre-gestational diabetes mellitus. We searched the following databases, ...
Nikfar Shekoufeh - - 2012
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most frequently used antidepressants during pregnancy. There are conflicting results about their influence on pregnancy outcomes. The goal of this study was to update our previous meta-analysis about pregnancy outcomes following exposure to SSRIs. For this purpose, all relevant databases were searched from ...
Wright Caroline F CF PHG Foundation, 2 Worts Causeway, Cambridge, - - 2012
Cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) can be detected in maternal blood during pregnancy, opening the possibility of early non-invasive prenatal diagnosis for a variety of genetic conditions. Since 1997, many studies have examined the accuracy of prenatal fetal sex determination using cffDNA, particularly for pregnancies at risk of an X-linked condition. ...
Klimentopoulou Alexandra - - 2012
Maternal smoking during pregnancy has been often implicated in the development of childhood leukemia with ambiguous results. Hence, we conducted a meta-analysis aiming to summarize current evidence and quantify any tentative impact. We retrieved one cohort (553 leukemias compared to 1,440,542 children), 20 case-control studies and also analyzed the updated ...
Gorog Krisztian - - 2011
Childhood obesity is a worldwide public health concern. Recent studies from high income countries have demonstrated associations between maternal smoking during pregnancy and children's excess body weight. We examine associations between maternal smoking during pregnancy and children's overweight or obesity, in six countries in the less affluent Central/Eastern European region. ...
Eskander Ramez N - - 2011
Leukemia during pregnancy is rare, posing a complex series of questions, including appropriate therapy and maternal counseling. Management of chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML) during pregnancy is limited. Our patient presented at 30 weeks' gestation with anemia, leukocytosis, and a non-productive cough. Polymerase chain reaction performed on a peripheral blood sample confirmed ...
Martin Jovita - - 2011
The concomitant occurrence of pregnancy and chronic myelogenous leukemia is uncommon. We describe the successful management of a 24-year-old woman in the first trimester of her pregnancy with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in the chronic phase, who was on treatment with imatinib, which was stopped by 10(th) week of pregnancy. ...
Scarlata Candace D - - 2011
In 2001, the sudden collapse of the Columbia Basin population of pygmy rabbits prompted the initiation of a captive breeding program to facilitate reintroduction, but reproductive success in captivity has not met expectations. Therefore, the objective of this study was to characterize the reproductive and adrenal endocrinology of this endangered ...
Albiger N M - - 2011
Objective The mechanisms inducing steroidogenesis in primary aldosteronism (PA) remain poorly defined. It was recently demonstrated that some G-protein-coupled receptors are abnormally expressed in aldosterone-producing adenomas (APA). We evaluated the potential role of LH and GNRH receptors (LHR (or LHCGR) and GNRHR) in regulating aldosterone secretion in a patient with ...
Bednarek-Tupikowska Grażyna - - 2011
Cushing's syndrome (also known as hypercortisolemia) is rare in pregnant women due to the menstrual disturbances and infertility in women with hypercortisolism. A diagnosis of pathological hypercortisolism in pregnant women is often difficult as some symptoms of the disease may be associated with a complicated pregnancy. Hypercortisolemia leads to serious ...
Farage Miranda A - - 2011
The morphology and physiology of both the vulva and vagina undergo characteristic age-related changes over a lifetime. At birth, these tissues exhibit the effects of residual maternal estrogens. During puberty, the vulva and vagina mature under the influence of adrenal and gonadal steroid hormones. During the reproductive years, the vagina ...
Hiroshima Yuki - - 2011
A 31-year-old pregnant woman was diagnosed with chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia at gestational week 16. To avoid exposure of the fetus to teratogenic agents, the patient opted for a course of careful observation only for the duration of her pregnancy. We detected 9.1% of BCR-ABL-positive cells in the patient's colostrum ...
Espy Kimberly Andrews KA Office of Research, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 303 Canfield Administration Building, Lincoln, NE 68588-0443, USA. - - 2011
Smoking during pregnancy is a persistent public health problem that has been linked to later adverse outcomes. The neonatal period--the first month of life--carries substantial developmental change in regulatory skills and is the period when tobacco metabolites are cleared physiologically. Studies to date mostly have used cross-sectional designs that limit ...
Karaman Kerem - - 2011
Adrenal cysts are rare and are usually discovered incidentally during diagnostic imaging, surgery, or autopsy. Most cystic lesions of the adrenal gland are nonfunctioning and become symptomatic when complicated by rupture, hemorrhage, or infection. A 40-year-old woman presented with a history of gradual-onset pain in her left flank region at ...
Choi Won Jun - - 2011
Cushing's syndrome (CS) in pregnancy may be confused with a complication of pregnancy, such as pre-eclampsia or gestational diabetes. We managed a case of CS in pregnancy that was considered to be severe pre-eclampsia due to uncontrolled hypertension. The fetus was delivered via emergency cesarean section at 31 weeks' gestation ...
Malendowicz Ludwik K - - 2010
Year 2010 marks a centennial anniversary of the description by Stella Starkel and Lesław Węgrzynowski, Polish students of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Lwów, the fetal zone of the human fetal adrenal gland. In 1911 both, Starkel and Węgrzynowski were graduated from the Faculty of Medicine of Lwow University. ...
Paradis Angela D AD Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2011
Although a number of previous studies have reported an association between maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSP) and externalising behaviour problems among offspring, it has been suggested that this relationship is spurious due to the failure of these studies to properly account for important confounding factors. The relationship between MSP and ...
Coleman Tim T UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, University of Nottingham, Medical School, Nottingham, UK. - - 2011
To determine the efficacy and safety of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) with or without behavioural support when used to support smoking cessation in pregnancy. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in which NRT was used with or without behavioural support to promote smoking cessation; trials providing unequal behavioural ...
Wen Xiaozhong - - 2010
Being born small-for-gestational-age (SGA) is associated with hypercholesterolemia in later life. It is possible that only certain subgroups of SGA are at elevated risk for hypercholesterolemia. We examined the associations between SGA subgroups based on levels of maternal smoking during pregnancy and adult hypercholesterolemia. A subsample of 1625 adult offspring ...
Bakker Rachel - - 2010
Smoking during pregnancy is a risk factor for various adverse birth outcomes but lowers the risk of preeclampsia. Cardiovascular adaptations might underlie these associations. We examined the associations of smoking in different trimesters of pregnancy with repeatedly measured blood pressure and the risks of preeclampsia and pregnancy-induced hypertension in a ...
- - 2010
Smoking is the one of the most important modifiable causes of poor pregnancy outcomes in the United States, and is associated with maternal, fetal, and infant morbidity and mortality. The physical and psychologic addiction to cigarettes is powerful; however, the compassionate intervention of the obstetrician–gynecologist can be the critical element ...
Aycicek Ali - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of active and passive maternal smoking on placenta total oxidant/antioxidant status in term infants. The levels of cord blood total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidant status (TOS), and oxidative stress index (OSI) were measured in samples of fetal placental tissue, ...
Forinash Alicia B - - 2010
To review data assessing the effects of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) during pregnancy on fetal, neonatal, and maternal outcomes. A literature search of PubMed (1966-July 2010) was performed using the terms smoking, smoking cessation, pregnancy, and nicotine replacement therapy. Bibliographies and the Cochrane Database were reviewed to identify additional relevant ...
Macdonald-Wallis C C MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK. - - 2011
We investigated an intrauterine influence of maternal smoking during pregnancy on childhood bone mass. Daughters, but not sons, of mothers who smoked had higher bone mass at age 10years. This appears to be due to familial factors related to parental smoking influencing increased offspring adiposity rather than a direct intrauterine ...
Tveit Julie V H - - 2010
We aimed to determine whether the clinical characteristics of women in uncomplicated pregnancies presenting with decreased foetal movements (DFMs) would help target subgroups of women at the highest risk. Furthermore, we also aimed whether DFMs in complicated pregnancies identified the additional needs for intensified management. Singleton third trimester pregnancies (n=2374) ...
Maccani Matthew A MA Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Brown University, Providence, RI, - - 2010
Maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy is associated with poor fetal outcome and aberrant miRNA expression is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. In 25 human placentas, we analyzed the expression of four candidate miRNA previously implicated in growth and developmental processes: miR-16, miR-21, miR-146a, and miR-182, and used three immortalized placental ...
Nijmeijer Judith S JS Department of Psychiatry, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, Groningen, The Netherlands. - - 2010
Symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often co-occur. Given the previously found familiality of ASD symptoms in children with ADHD, addressing these symptoms may be useful for genetic association studies, especially for candidate gene findings that have not been consistently replicated for ADHD. We studied the ...
Warland Jane - - 2011
to identify existing literature which addresses the topic of detecting, assessing and intervening when a pregnant woman who has quit smoking relapses. This literature review was conducted in the light of findings of a case-control study which suggest that a quit smoking status is associated with increased risk of late ...
Larsson Matz M Department of Respiratory Medicine, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden. - - 2011
To examine if smoking during pregnancy is associated with poorer motor competence among offspring, indicating impaired neurological function. The measures may be less susceptible to socioeconomic confounding than cognition tests. Data were from 13,207 members of the National Child Development Study, born in Great Britain in 1958. Maternal smoking during ...
Mamsen L S - - 2010
Cigarette smoking during pregnancy is associated with negative reproductive consequences for male fetuses in adult life such as reduced testicular volume and sperm concentration. The present study evaluates the number of germ and somatic cells present in human embryonic first-trimester gonads in relation to maternal smoking. The study includes 24 ...
Ben Natan M - - 2010
To investigate factors affecting women's intention to smoke during pregnancy. A descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional study, employing the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB). A questionnaire that was constructed based on a literature review of research on smoking during pregnancy and on the TPB was administered to 201 Israeli female smokers aged ...
Varvarigou Anastasia A - - 2010
to determine the independent effect of prenatal tobacco smoke exposure on fetal growth using customized birthweight norms. demographic characteristics and data on exposure to tobacco smoke during pregnancy were obtained from singleton neonates ≥ 34 weeks' gestation. Centile Calculator software v62.2 (www.gestation.net) was used for calculating customized birthweight percentiles. of ...
Londhey Vikram A - - 2010
Pheochromocytoma is a curable, rare cause of hypertension, characterized by symptoms and signs related to increased catecholamine secretion. Pregnancy and labour increase the risk of hypertensive crisis. However, antepartum diagnosis reduces both maternal and foetal mortality, allowing for safe cesarean section and resection of tumor. Control of hypertension with alpha ...
Suzuki Kohta - - 2010
To compare the prevalence of maternal smoking during pregnancy and the correlations between maternal smoking and other maternal lifestyle or pregnancy factors between the years 1996-2001 and 2001-2006. The participants were pregnant women who responded to questionnaires while registering their pregnancies between 1 April 1996 and 31 March 2001 (Group ...
Rahu Kaja - - 2010
To examine the combined effect of birth weight, mothers' education and prenatal smoking on psychometrically measured intelligence at school age 1,822 children born in 1992-1999 and attending the first six grades from 45 schools representing all of the fifteen Estonian counties with information on birth weight, gestational age and mother's ...
Motlagh Maria G MG Child Study Center Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520-7920, USA. - - 2011
Exposure to heavy maternal cigarette smoking in pregnancy and severe maternal psychosocial stress during pregnancy appear to be important risk factors for the development of ADHD. This study aimed to determine whether these perinatal risk factors were associated with neuropsychological deficits commonly seen in ADHD. We examined the effect of ...
Biering K - - 2010
To investigate possible associations between smoking and pregnancy-related pelvic pain. Nested case-control study. Denmark 2000-2001. The Danish National Birth Cohort. The women were interviewed twice in pregnancy and twice after childbirth. The first pregnancy interview provided information on smoking and possible confounding factors,whereas the first interview after birth addressed case ...
Koshy P - - 2010
This research compared pregnant quitters' and non-quitters' accounts of how partners, family and friends influenced their smoking cessation attempts. Qualitative secondary data analysis was carried out on a purposive sample of motivational interview transcripts undertaken by research midwives with pregnant women as part of SmokeChange, a smoking cessation intervention. Interviews ...
Calhoun Susan L SL Sleep Research and Treatment Center, Penn State University, College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, USA. - - 2010
Recent evidence has suggested that low socioeconomic status (SES), race, prematurity, and maternal smoking during pregnancy are associated with childhood sleep disordered breathing (SDB). We investigated (1) the association of SDB with a wide range of risk factors, including prenatal and perinatal complications; (2) the association of these complications with ...
Harville Emily W EW Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. - - 2010
To determine the association between type, chronicity, and severity of childhood hardships and smoking status during pregnancy, preterm birth (PTB), and low birth weight (LBW). Prospective cohort study. The National Child Development Study, a nationally representative study of births in Great Britain in 1958. Four thousand eight-hundred sixty-five women with ...
Lassen Tina H - - 2010
Smoking is a well-established risk factor for fetal growth restriction and other adverse pregnancy outcomes, and nicotine may be one of the chemical compounds that drive these associations. Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is a smoking cessation aid, which can facilitate smoking cessation. It is, however, unknown whether NRT used during ...
Iliadou Anastasia Nyman - - 2010
Smoking during pregnancy has been shown to increase the risks of several adverse birth outcomes. Associations with overweight and/or obesity in the offspring have also been suggested. We aim to investigate whether familial factors confound the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and overweight in early adulthood in young Swedish ...
Gray Teresa R TR Chemistry and Drug Metabolism, Intramural Research Program, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD 21224, - - 2010
Many women continue tobacco use during pregnancy despite known adverse consequences on neonatal growth and development. Testing meconium, the first neonatal feces, for tobacco biomarkers offers objective evidence of prenatal tobacco exposure. However, relationships between the amount, frequency, and timing of cigarette smoking during gestation and tobacco biomarker meconium concentrations ...
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