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Malendowicz Ludwik K - - 2010
Year 2010 marks a centennial anniversary of the description by Stella Starkel and Lesław Węgrzynowski, Polish students of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Lwów, the fetal zone of the human fetal adrenal gland. In 1911 both, Starkel and Węgrzynowski were graduated from the Faculty of Medicine of Lwow University. ...
Paradis Angela D - - 2011
Although a number of previous studies have reported an association between maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSP) and externalising behaviour problems among offspring, it has been suggested that this relationship is spurious due to the failure of these studies to properly account for important confounding factors. The relationship between MSP and ...
Coleman Tim - - 2011
Aims  To determine the efficacy and safety of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) with or without behavioural support when used to support smoking cessation in pregnancy. Design, Setting and Participants  A systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in which NRT was used with or without behavioural support to promote smoking ...
Wen Xiaozhong - - 2010
Being born small-for-gestational-age (SGA) is associated with hypercholesterolemia in later life. It is possible that only certain subgroups of SGA are at elevated risk for hypercholesterolemia. We examined the associations between SGA subgroups based on levels of maternal smoking during pregnancy and adult hypercholesterolemia. A subsample of 1625 adult offspring ...
Bakker Rachel - - 2010
Smoking during pregnancy is a risk factor for various adverse birth outcomes but lowers the risk of preeclampsia. Cardiovascular adaptations might underlie these associations. We examined the associations of smoking in different trimesters of pregnancy with repeatedly measured blood pressure and the risks of preeclampsia and pregnancy-induced hypertension in a ...
- - 2010
Smoking is the one of the most important modifiable causes of poor pregnancy outcomes in the United States, and is associated with maternal, fetal, and infant morbidity and mortality. The physical and psychologic addiction to cigarettes is powerful; however, the compassionate intervention of the obstetrician–gynecologist can be the critical element ...
Aycicek Ali - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of active and passive maternal smoking on placenta total oxidant/antioxidant status in term infants. The levels of cord blood total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidant status (TOS), and oxidative stress index (OSI) were measured in samples of fetal placental tissue, ...
Forinash Alicia B - - 2010
To review data assessing the effects of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) during pregnancy on fetal, neonatal, and maternal outcomes. A literature search of PubMed (1966-July 2010) was performed using the terms smoking, smoking cessation, pregnancy, and nicotine replacement therapy. Bibliographies and the Cochrane Database were reviewed to identify additional relevant ...
Macdonald-Wallis C C MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK. - - 2011
We investigated an intrauterine influence of maternal smoking during pregnancy on childhood bone mass. Daughters, but not sons, of mothers who smoked had higher bone mass at age 10years. This appears to be due to familial factors related to parental smoking influencing increased offspring adiposity rather than a direct intrauterine ...
Tveit Julie V H - - 2010
We aimed to determine whether the clinical characteristics of women in uncomplicated pregnancies presenting with decreased foetal movements (DFMs) would help target subgroups of women at the highest risk. Furthermore, we also aimed whether DFMs in complicated pregnancies identified the additional needs for intensified management. Singleton third trimester pregnancies (n=2374) ...
Maccani Matthew A - - 2010
Maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy is associated with poor fetal outcome and aberrant miRNA expression is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. In 25 human placentas, we analyzed the expression of four candidate miRNA previously implicated in growth and developmental processes: miR-16, miR-21, miR-146a, and miR-182, and used three immortalized placental ...
Nijmeijer Judith S - - 2010
Symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often co-occur. Given the previously found familiality of ASD symptoms in children with ADHD, addressing these symptoms may be useful for genetic association studies, especially for candidate gene findings that have not been consistently replicated for ADHD. We studied the ...
Warland Jane - - 2011
to identify existing literature which addresses the topic of detecting, assessing and intervening when a pregnant woman who has quit smoking relapses. This literature review was conducted in the light of findings of a case-control study which suggest that a quit smoking status is associated with increased risk of late ...
Larsson Matz M Department of Respiratory Medicine, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden. - - 2011
To examine if smoking during pregnancy is associated with poorer motor competence among offspring, indicating impaired neurological function. The measures may be less susceptible to socioeconomic confounding than cognition tests. Data were from 13,207 members of the National Child Development Study, born in Great Britain in 1958. Maternal smoking during ...
Mamsen L S - - 2010
Cigarette smoking during pregnancy is associated with negative reproductive consequences for male fetuses in adult life such as reduced testicular volume and sperm concentration. The present study evaluates the number of germ and somatic cells present in human embryonic first-trimester gonads in relation to maternal smoking. The study includes 24 ...
Ben Natan M - - 2010
To investigate factors affecting women's intention to smoke during pregnancy. A descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional study, employing the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB). A questionnaire that was constructed based on a literature review of research on smoking during pregnancy and on the TPB was administered to 201 Israeli female smokers aged ...
Varvarigou Anastasia A - - 2010
to determine the independent effect of prenatal tobacco smoke exposure on fetal growth using customized birthweight norms. demographic characteristics and data on exposure to tobacco smoke during pregnancy were obtained from singleton neonates ≥ 34 weeks' gestation. Centile Calculator software v62.2 (www.gestation.net) was used for calculating customized birthweight percentiles. of ...
Londhey Vikram A - - 2010
Pheochromocytoma is a curable, rare cause of hypertension, characterized by symptoms and signs related to increased catecholamine secretion. Pregnancy and labour increase the risk of hypertensive crisis. However, antepartum diagnosis reduces both maternal and foetal mortality, allowing for safe cesarean section and resection of tumor. Control of hypertension with alpha ...
Suzuki Kohta - - 2010
To compare the prevalence of maternal smoking during pregnancy and the correlations between maternal smoking and other maternal lifestyle or pregnancy factors between the years 1996-2001 and 2001-2006. The participants were pregnant women who responded to questionnaires while registering their pregnancies between 1 April 1996 and 31 March 2001 (Group ...
Rahu Kaja - - 2010
To examine the combined effect of birth weight, mothers' education and prenatal smoking on psychometrically measured intelligence at school age 1,822 children born in 1992-1999 and attending the first six grades from 45 schools representing all of the fifteen Estonian counties with information on birth weight, gestational age and mother's ...
Motlagh Maria G MG Child Study Center Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520-7920, USA. - - 2011
Exposure to heavy maternal cigarette smoking in pregnancy and severe maternal psychosocial stress during pregnancy appear to be important risk factors for the development of ADHD. This study aimed to determine whether these perinatal risk factors were associated with neuropsychological deficits commonly seen in ADHD. We examined the effect of ...
Biering K - - 2010
To investigate possible associations between smoking and pregnancy-related pelvic pain. Nested case-control study. Denmark 2000-2001. The Danish National Birth Cohort. The women were interviewed twice in pregnancy and twice after childbirth. The first pregnancy interview provided information on smoking and possible confounding factors,whereas the first interview after birth addressed case ...
Koshy P - - 2010
This research compared pregnant quitters' and non-quitters' accounts of how partners, family and friends influenced their smoking cessation attempts. Qualitative secondary data analysis was carried out on a purposive sample of motivational interview transcripts undertaken by research midwives with pregnant women as part of SmokeChange, a smoking cessation intervention. Interviews ...
Calhoun Susan L SL Sleep Research and Treatment Center, Penn State University, College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, USA. - - 2010
Recent evidence has suggested that low socioeconomic status (SES), race, prematurity, and maternal smoking during pregnancy are associated with childhood sleep disordered breathing (SDB). We investigated (1) the association of SDB with a wide range of risk factors, including prenatal and perinatal complications; (2) the association of these complications with ...
Harville Emily W EW Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. - - 2010
To determine the association between type, chronicity, and severity of childhood hardships and smoking status during pregnancy, preterm birth (PTB), and low birth weight (LBW). Prospective cohort study. The National Child Development Study, a nationally representative study of births in Great Britain in 1958. Four thousand eight-hundred sixty-five women with ...
Lassen Tina H - - 2010
Smoking is a well-established risk factor for fetal growth restriction and other adverse pregnancy outcomes, and nicotine may be one of the chemical compounds that drive these associations. Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is a smoking cessation aid, which can facilitate smoking cessation. It is, however, unknown whether NRT used during ...
Iliadou Anastasia Nyman - - 2010
Smoking during pregnancy has been shown to increase the risks of several adverse birth outcomes. Associations with overweight and/or obesity in the offspring have also been suggested. We aim to investigate whether familial factors confound the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and overweight in early adulthood in young Swedish ...
Gray Teresa R - - 2010
Many women continue tobacco use during pregnancy despite known adverse consequences on neonatal growth and development. Testing meconium, the first neonatal feces, for tobacco biomarkers offers objective evidence of prenatal tobacco exposure. However, relationships between the amount, frequency, and timing of cigarette smoking during gestation and tobacco biomarker meconium concentrations ...
Ball Sarah W - - 2010
Studies examining the relationship between maternal smoking during pregnancy and the development of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among offspring have yielded mixed results, with some studies suggesting a strong association and others finding no association. These studies have varied in quality of design and measures. The purpose of this ...
Bruin Jennifer E - - 2010
Cigarette smoking during pregnancy is associated with numerous obstetrical, fetal, and developmental complications, as well as an increased risk of adverse health consequences in the adult offspring. Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) has been developed as a pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation and is considered to be a safer alternative for women ...
Aliyu Muktar H - - 2011
Cigarette smoking is an established risk factor for adverse perinatal outcomes. The purpose of this study is to examine the association between maternal smoking in pregnancy and the occurrence of placental-associated syndromes (PAS). We analyzed data from a population-based retrospective cohort of singleton deliveries that occurred in the state of ...
Wikstr?m Anna-Karin - - 2010
Preeclampsia is a leading cause of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity worldwide. Both Swedish snuff and cigarette smoke include nicotine, but combustion products accompany only smoking. The aims of this study were to compare the effects of Swedish snuff and cigarette smoking on preeclampsia risk and to estimate whether ...
Forest Sharron - - 2010
Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is effective for smoking cessation, but much controversy surrounds its use during pregnancy. The importance of finding ways to help pregnant smokers quit is undisputed, since smoking during pregnancy causes harm to the mother and the fetus, with effects of smoke exposure extending into childhood. Researchers ...
Bailey Beth A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To determine rates of pregnancy smoking concealment compared to behavioral observation and to identify factors predicting untruthful denial. METHODS: Review of 843 delivery charts. RESULTS: Based on observation during delivery hospitalization, 8% of smokers denied hospital admission, 16% denied throughout prenatal care. Compared with those admitting smoking, false deniers ...
Blood-Siegfried Jane - - 2010
A large body of documented evidence has found that smoking during pregnancy is harmful to both the mother and the fetus. Prenatal exposure to nicotine in various forms alters neurologic development in experimental animals and may increase the risk for neurologic conditions in humans. There is a positive association between ...
Burstyn Igor - - 2010
Few studies, and none in Canada, have examined the relation between maternal smoking, alcohol consumption and drug dependence during pregnancy and early neonatal morbidity. We analyzed records of singleton live births in Alberta, Canada. Markers of neonatal morbidity were Apgar scores (< 7 at 5 minutes postpartum) and resuscitation measures ...
Aagaard-Tillery Kjersti K Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. - - 2010
To assess whether functional maternal or fetal genotypes along well-characterized metabolic pathways (ie, CYP1A1, GSTT1, and CYP2A6) may account for varying associations with adverse outcomes among pregnant women who smoke. DNA samples from 502 smokers and their conceptuses, alongside women in a control group, were genotyped for known functional allelic ...
Habek Dubravko - - 2011
The aim of this study is to evaluate perinatal outcome and subsequent morbidity and neurodevelopment in 10-year-old children with fetal hypokinesia intrauterinely verified by ultrasonography in early pregnancy as a pattern of abnormal fetal behavior due to maternal chronic smoking. This study revealed significant global fetal hypokinesia as well as ...
Kiechl-Kohlendorfer U - - 2010
AIM: To assess whether smoking in pregnancy influences neurodevelopmental outcome at 2-years of age in preterm infants with a gestational age <32 weeks. METHODS: Between January 2003 and December 2005 we prospectively enrolled 181 infants born alive between 23 and 32 weeks of gestation; 142 infants (78.5%) completed the follow-up ...
Lindblad Frank - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Smoking during pregnancy has been reported to be associated with a twofold to fourfold increased risk of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the offspring. Genetic and socioeconomic confounders may contribute to this association. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between fetal exposure to maternal smoking ...
Gandley Robin E - - 2010
Smoking is associated with multiple adverse pregnancy outcomes, including fetal growth restriction. The objective of this study was to determine whether cigarette smoke exposure during pregnancy in a mouse model affects the functional properties of maternal uterine, mesenteric, and renal arteries as a possible mechanism for growth restriction. C57Bl/CJ mice ...
O'Callaghan Frances V - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Studies of the effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy have reported inconsistent findings in relation to measures of offspring cognitive functioning. Few studies, however, have examined learning outcomes in adolescents, as opposed to IQ. AIM: To examine the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and academic performance among adolescent ...
Wang Xiaoming X Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, 77555-0587, - - 2010
Smoking during pregnancy is the largest modifiable risk factor for pregnancy-related morbidity and mortality. The success of bupropion for smoking cessation warrants its investigation for the treatment of pregnant patients. Nevertheless, the use of bupropion for the treatment of pregnant smokers requires additional data on its bio-disposition during pregnancy. Therefore, ...
Hennrikus Deborah - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We examined the feasibility and effectiveness of an intervention to mobilize women in the social networks of pregnant smokers to support smoking cessation. METHODS: This study was conducted in St. Paul, Minnesota, and Columbus, Ohio, from 2005 through 2007. Pregnant smokers (n=82) identified a woman in their social network ...
Schneider Sven - - 2010
ISSUES: Second-hand smoke presents a health risk for a large group of entirely helpless nonsmokers: unborn children. Reliable data on women continuing to smoke during pregnancy are essential for effective preventive and interventional programs. The aim of this review is therefore to identify this risk group compared with spontaneous quitters ...
Karatay Gurnaz - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted with the purpose of evaluating changes in fathers' behaviours towards smoking during the prenatal and postnatal periods. DESIGN: A descriptive study conducted in primary health care centres in Kars. SUBJECTS: Parents applying with their 0-1 year old babies in order to utilise such relevant services ...
Anderka Marlene - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To describe maternal exposure to tobacco in the three months before conception and throughout pregnancy, examine risk factors associated with tobacco exposure in pregnancy and smoking cessation, assess use of pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation and evaluate birth outcomes by smoking status. DESIGN: A cohort of women from a multi-site ...
England Lucinda J - - 2010
Although cigarette smoking remains the most prevalent form of tobacco use in girls and in women of reproductive age globally, use of non-cigarette forms of tobacco is prevalent or gaining in popularity in many parts of the world, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Sparse but growing evidence suggests that ...
Carlsen Sven Magnus - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Breastfeeding depends on endocrine changes during pregnancy. The association between gestational hormones and lactation has been sparsely investigated. Previously, androgens were used for lactation inhibition. We investigated a possible association between second trimester maternal androgen levels and breastfeeding. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University hospital setting. POPULATION. Women from ...
Bowden Jacqueline A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the impact of an integrated brief intervention to assist antenatal staff in addressing smoking with pregnant women. DESIGN: Three studies were conducted: (a) antenatal staff surveys pre- and post-training to deliver the brief intervention; (b) retrospective audit of pregnancy records; (c) post-intervention follow-up interviews with a cohort of ...
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