Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1314
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Rigotti Nancy A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Reducing tobacco use in pregnancy is a public health priority. Brief smoking counseling during prenatal care is effective but generates modest cessation rates. Telephone counseling is an effective smoking cessation method that could offer pregnant women convenient access to more intensive smoking cessation counseling. METHODS: The efficacy of proactive ...
Leary Sam S Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Department of Community-Based Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TQ, - - 2006
The objective of this study was to examine the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and offspring height and its components. The analysis was based on 6,340 white singletons born in 1991-1992 and enrolled in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), who had maternal smoking data recorded ...
Rizwan S - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is linked to high fetal testosterone (FT), and an increased risk in offspring for autism, ADHD, conduct disorder, antisocial behaviour and criminal outcomes. The ratio of the length of the 2nd and 4th fingers (2D:4D) is thought to be negatively related to FT concentration, and ...
Verbanck Sylvia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Studying smokers with normal spirometry requires monitoring tools of the peripheral lung. A validated multiple breath washout technique was used to assess possible recovery of smoking-induced small airway malfunction in acinar and conductive lung zones. METHODS: Eighty-seven smokers with a smoking history of at least 10 pack-years but absence ...
Voigt M - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the sex-specific risk of maternal smoking during pregnancy on the birth weight and the proportion of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) newborns in 888,632 (49.9%) of 1,815,318 singleton births (ca. 80% of all singleton births in Germany from 1995 to 1997) in whom data on maternal cigarette consumption were available. ...
Al Mamun Abdullah - - 2006
The authors used a population-based birth cohort of 3,253 children (52% males) born in Brisbane, Australia, between 1981 and 1984 to prospectively examine whether maternal smoking during pregnancy was associated with offspring overweight and obesity. The authors compared mean body mass indexes (weight (kg)/height (m)2) and levels of overweight and ...
Delpisheh Ali - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of socio-economic status on pregnancy outcomes in smoking mothers. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. METHODS: Parent-completed questionnaires addressing pregnancy smoking patterns and birth outcomes. Were distributed via children aged 5-11 years attending 10 primary schools in Merseyside. Data from three community-based cross-sectional surveys undertaken in 1993, ...
Caamaño Francisco - - 2006
PURPOSE: To describe the pharmacist counselling without dispensing and to analysed the characteristics of pharmacies and pharmacists that provide this type of counselling, and the characteristics of customers that receive it to a greater extent. METHODS: We carried out a cohort study on a sample of 166 pharmacists in North ...
Ward Mary H - - 2006
Rural residents can be exposed to agricultural pesticides through the proximity of their homes to crop fields. Previously, we developed a method to create historical crop maps using a geographic information system. The aim of the present study was to determine whether crop maps are useful for predicting levels of ...
Mathot Mikael - - 2006
Pseudo-Bartter syndrome presents the same clinical and biological characteristics as Bartter syndrome but without primary renal tubule abnormalities. We relate the case of a premature baby presenting at birth with severe hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis associated with hyponatremia and hypochloremia. Maternal blood at the time of delivery showed the same electrolyte ...
Kroeger Axel A Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Medicine (TDR/WHO), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. - - 2006
To measure the impact on the dengue vector population (Aedes aegypti) and disease transmission of window curtains and water container covers treated with insecticide. Cluster randomised controlled trial based on entomological surveys and, for Trujillo only, serological survey. In addition, each site had a non-randomised external control. 18 urban sectors ...
Carter John D - - 2006
Inflammatory conditions that may require the use of a tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) antagonist often involve women of child-bearing age. TNF-a antagonists are presumed to be safe in pregnancy based on animal data. However, this has never been formally studied in prospective trials involving humans. We describe a patient with ...
Chen Xinguang - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess age of smoking onset as a predictor of smoking cessation during pregnancy. METHODS: Multivariate logistic regression analysis of cross-sectional data for 35,687 women 15-34 years old from the 2000 and 2001 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. RESULTS: Pregnant women (1805) were twice as likely to abstain ...
Allard Marc W - - 2006
The Scientific Working Group on DNA Analysis Methods (SWGDAM) Hispanic data set was analyzed to determine the diversity, phylogeny, and relevant single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that describe haplogroup patterns for Hispanic Americans (N=686), and to assess the degree of admixture regarding mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The largest component of admixture based ...
Heil Sarah H - - 2006
Maternal smoking is a leading preventable cause of poor pregnancy outcomes and infant morbidity and mortality. Whereas pregnancy has been thought of as a "window of opportunity" when women are more motivated to change health behaviors such as smoking, only 20% of pregnant women quit smoking upon learning they are ...
Peltonen Eija - - 2006
Clinical studies suggest that maternal smoking during pregnancy can reduce the crown size of the child's teeth. Delayed dental age compared with chronological age has also been reported in children whose parents smoke. Among the main components of tobacco smoke are nonhalogenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), many of which are ...
Chaudhari M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reproductive fitness of mothers of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: A mail survey assessing pregnancy outcome was carried out among mothers of children with JIA (JIA mothers) treated at a tertiary paediatric rheumatology centre. The best friends of the JIA mothers served as controls. ...
Barbeito Atilio - - 2006
In this study, we sought to determine whether there is a significant discrepancy among a group of practitioners when rating pregnant patients using the ASA Physical Status Classification and whether this discrepancy could be resolved with the addition of a modifier for pregnancy. Our results indicate that significant discrepancy occurs ...
Chan Brendan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pamidronate is used extensively for treatment of osteoporotic and high bone turnover conditions. Because it has a long retention time in the human skeleton, concerns have been raised as to safety profile in women of child-bearing age. METHODS: Four infant outcomes of pregnancies of three women, two with polyostotic ...
Solomon Laura J - - 2006
This study examined the relationship between smoking status and psychological symptoms in pregnant women across pregnancy. Participants were 45 women who quit smoking early in pregnancy (early quitters), 22 who quit later in pregnancy (later quitters), and 84 who smoked throughout pregnancy (never quitters). Assessments of smoking status and psychological ...
Cucó G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify dietary patterns in women who are planning immediate pregnancy in preconception, weeks 6, 10, 26 and 38 of pregnancy, and 6 months postpartum, and to describe how particular lifestyles, the body mass index (BMI) and sociodemographic factors are associated to these patterns. DESIGN: Longitudinal study throughout the ...
Alati Rosa - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Asthma in early childhood has been associated with maternal smoking during pregnancy and parental smoking soon after birth. However, less is known about these exposures and the development of asthma symptoms in adolescence. METHODS: Data were taken from the Mater University Study of Pregnancy, a large birth cohort study ...
Tower C - - 2006
In 2003, the angiotensinogen (AGT) gene was found to be associated with infants small for gestational age (SGA). The present study of 107 pregnancies affected by SGA infants and 101 normal pregnancies was designed to further investigate this association. Maternal or fetal AGT genotype or haplotype frequencies did not differ ...
Farkas Svetlana - - 2006
Epidemiological studies support an association between perinatal cigarette smoke (CS) exposure and a number of severe pre- and postnatal complications. However, the mechanisms through which CS enhances such risks largely remain unknown. One of the reasons for our inability to discover such mechanisms has been the unavailability of a clinically ...
Kiernan Kathleen - - 2006
One of the dramatic recent changes in family life in Western nations has been the rise in non-marital childbearing. Much of this increase is attributable to the growth in cohabitation. But in some countries, notably the UK (and the USA) this is much less the case with significant proportions of ...
Farrell S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It has been postulated that associations between periodontal disease and systemic conditions may be because of the confounding effects of smoking. In addition, studies of this type rarely investigate the adverse pregnancy outcome of miscarriage. AIM: The aim of this prospective study was to investigate a relationship between periodontal ...
Britt David W - - 2006
The purpose was to examine the organizational impact of a state-wide high-risk pregnancy telemedical system, Antenatal and Neonatal Guidelines, Education and Learning System (ANGELS), after the first year of its roll out. The focus is on several aspects of system organization, including the volume and diversity of patient-based telemedical consultations ...
Munafò M R MR Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 8 Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1TN, UK. - - 2006
We explored the influence of maternal smoking during late pregnancy on the likelihood of smoking among offspring in adolescence and adulthood, using birth cohort data collected in the United Kingdom as part of the 1958 National Child Development Study. Longitudinal analysis indicated that maternal smoking during late pregnancy was associated ...
Ichiba M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Humans are exposed to various carcinogens by smoking. Urinary metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), one of the major carcinogens in cigarette smoke, were measured as the environmental carcinogen exposure marker for humans. We evaluated urinary exposure markers for smoking cessation. METHOD: In this study, we measured cigarette smoke ...
Li LinYing - - 2006
Weather condition is one of the most important factors affecting spatial and temporal distributions of air pollutants, especially for short-term air dispersion. Abnormal weather conditions might lead to higher or lower ambient air concentrations than they would be under normal weather conditions. Therefore, testing for normality of weather conditions during ...
Kutlu Türkan - - 2006
Previous studies on Cd-exposed pregnant animals have reported a Cd-Zn interaction that result in increased placental Cd levels and decreased placental Zn transport. In this study, placental Cd, Pb, Cu, and Zn status in pregnant women exposed to Cd and Pb through cigarette smoke was investigated. Placental tissues obtained from ...
Castrucci Brian C - - 2006
To describe the range of risk reduction behaviors among women who continue to smoke after learning of their pregnancy, including reduced tobacco use, eventual cessation, and sustained abstinence as well as the patient-reported smoking cessation-promoting behaviors of prenatal care providers. This research is part of a larger prospective, community-based study ...
Rasmussen Svein - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It is well known that smoking and pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) are associated with decreased fetal growth. It has been reported that in preeclampsia the fetal growth deficit attributable to smoking is higher, which has been contradicted in other studies. We therefore evaluated the effects on fetal growth of ...
Nielsen Ann - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined smoking prior to pregnancy and the occurrence of spontaneous abortion, as most studies have addressed the risk of spontaneous abortion in relation to smoking during pregnancy. However, results are not entirely consistent. The aim of the present study was to assess the risk of spontaneous ...
Clare Stuart - - 2006
Room temperature (RT) shims are used routinely in MRI to remove global and local B(0) field inhomogeneity introduced by the subject. Most clinical scanners use only second-order spherical harmonic terms, but with the increasing availability of very high field systems, third- and fourth-order terms are a serious consideration. However, choosing ...
Hobbs Charlotte A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to investigate the association between congenital heart defects (CHD), and maternal homocysteine, smoking, and the MTHFR 677 C>T polymorphism. STUDY DESIGN: Plasma homocysteine concentrations, smoking status, and MTFHR 677 genotypes were determined in 275 white women who had pregnancies affected by CHDs and 118 white ...
O'Sullivan S M - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy and lactation-associated osteoporosis (PLO) is an uncommon condition characterized by the occurrence of fracture(s) during late pregnancy or the puerperium. The aetiology is uncertain, and its management and natural history poorly defined. METHODS: We report a series of 11 women with PLO seen at our institution over the ...
Man Li-Xing LX Division of Plastic Surgery, Health System, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2006
The U.S. Natality database from 2001 and 2002 was used to investigate the relationship between maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy and the risk of having a child with polydactyly, syndactyly, or adactyly. The records of 6,839,854 live births were examined to identify 5171 newborns with isolated polydactyly, syndactyly, or adactyly ...
Liu Jihong - - 2006
We examined the association between breastfeeding duration and maternal smoking before, during, and after pregnancy. Data from the 2000-2001 Oregon Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System were used. Early weaning was defined as not breastfeeding at 10 weeks postpartum. At 10 weeks after pregnancy, 25.7% of mothers who initiated breastfeeding no ...
Ventegodt S?ren - - 2005
This paper presents a prospective cohort study, where we explore associations between pregnancy, delivery and the global quality of life (QOL) of the adult child 31-33 years later. The data is from the Copenhagen Perinatal Birth Cohort 1959-61 using two sets of questionnaires send to 7,222 persons: one filled out ...
Strinić Tomislav - - 2005
The aim of this study was to describe anthropometric, clinical, socio-demographic characteristics and lifestyle habits of pregnant smokers in comparison to pregnant nonsmokers. During years 1999-2003, 1,435 pregnant smokers and 4,772 pregnant nonsmokers were interviewed after delivery with a questionnaire. They were recorded clinical, anthropometric and socio-demographic data, smoking status, ...
Jelen Karel - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The aim is data detection and finding some load consequences generated by various mechanical or physiological changes in the interaction of the end segment of the body--the foot--and the environment. DESIGN: Shape instability of the foot caused by e.g. loading of the foot by long-term frequency loads--walking, by extreme ...
Langley K K Department of Psychological Medicine, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff, UK. - - 2005
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood psychiatric disorder which affects between 3% and 5% of school aged children. Despite much research, little is known regarding the aetiology of the disorder. Maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy has been linked to a number of negative effects in offspring in ...
Gunderson Erica P EP Kaiser Permanente Division of Research, Etiology and Prevention, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, California 94612, USA. - - 2005
High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels in premenopausal and postmenopausal women are differentially affected by exogenous sex hormones depending on their apolipoprotein E (apo E) genotype. Because endogenous sex hormones markedly increase during pregnancy, we examined whether HDL-C declines after a first birth varied by apo E polymorphisms. In 1147 nulliparas ...
Yang Qiuying - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have found that maternal smoking decreases the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), the difference of this effect between primiparous and multiparous women has not been well studied and the results of the exposure-response relationships between maternal smoking and PIH are inconsistent. No previous study has specifically ...
Delpisheh Ali - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Cigarette smoking amongst pregnant adolescents is a preventable risk factor associated with low birthweight (<2,500 g), preterm birth (<37 weeks) and infant mortality. The aim of this study was to compare birth outcomes of adolescents who smoke during pregnancy with those who do not and to construct their birthweight-for-gestational-age ...
Lonsdorf Elizabeth V - - 2006
This paper explores the role of maternal influences on the acquisition of a tool-using task in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in order to build on and complement previous work done in captivity. Young chimpanzees show a long period of offspring dependency on mothers and it is during this period ...
Moazzez R - - 2005
Regurgitated acid entering the mouth in gastro-esophageal reflux disease can cause dental erosion. Chewing gum could induce increased swallowing frequency, thus improving the clearance rate of reflux within the esophagus. The null hypothesis of this study was that chewing gum does not have any effect on the clearance of reflux ...
Salvatore S - - 2005
The etiology of allergy is multifactorial, with many variables contributing to the final expression of atopic disease. Three breeding grounds are needed to develop allergic disease: the appropriate genetic background, contact with the allergen(s) and environmental factors. Timing and dosing of allergen(s) are of major importance. Contact with (dietary) allergens ...
Bernstein Ira M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Maternal smoking has been associated with a reduction in newborn birth weight. We sought to estimate how the pattern of maternal smoking throughout pregnancy influences newborn size. METHODS: One hundred sixty pregnant smoking women were enrolled in a prospective study. We collected data on maternal age, education, prepregnancy body ...
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