Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1365
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Lockett N N - - 2010
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) support pregnancy maintenance by suppressing placental inflammation, while diminished Treg function may accompany reproductive failure. Experimental FIV infection frequently results in vertical transmission and increased pregnancy failure in the cat. The mechanism of reproductive compromise is unknown. We hypothesized that FIV infection alters endometrial Treg population ...
Raboud Janet - - 2010
Objectives: To determine predictors of HIV-positive women who choose to carry a pregnancy to term. Methods: We collected pregnancy data up to December 2008 on women who had attended the University Health Network Immunodeficiency Clinic in Toronto since 2000 and were < 50 years of age at the time of ...
Zajicek Michal - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine parvovirus B19 infection is a well-known cause for hydrops fetalis and fetal demise. We present a case of isolated fetal obstructive hydrocephalus caused by an intrauterine parvovirus B19 infection. CASE: A 23-year-old woman, gravida 3 para 2, was referred for fetal obstructive hydrocephalus. Although there were no signs ...
Nelson David B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Iliopsoas abscesses, a rare complication in pregnancy, typically present as a secondary infection due to direct spread of another nearby infection. CASE: A 30-year-old multigravid patient with a 10-year history of intravenous heroin use and chronic lower-back pain, presented at 23 0/7 weeks of gestation with multiple cutaneous abscesses. ...
Donner Barbara - - 2010
Pregnant women with influenza are at increased risk of morbidity, particularly due to respiratory complications. A high excess mortality rate among pregnant women has been observed in previous influenza pandemics and healthcare agencies have provided recommendations on the use of oseltamivir to treat pregnant women who are infected with the ...
Sugiyama Takashi - - 2010
Group-A-streptococcus-(GAS)-induced toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is uncommon, but carries a high risk of maternal mortality during pregnancy. The onset of gravidic GAS-TSS has been reported mostly during the puerperium. A 16-year-old woman, who was at 37 weeks of gestation, and without obstetrical care during the last 30 weeks, was referred ...
Aebi-Popp Karoline - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Rates of vertical HIV transmission between mother and child are low, allowing many HIV positive women to have children with near impunity. In this study, data from the Swiss Mother and Child HIV Cohort Study were used to describe maternal characteristics and their association with pregnancy outcomes in HIV ...
Cannovo Nunzia - - 2010
The trend to have children even if one or both parents suffer from chronic diseases is influenced by personal, psycho-organic and social factors. The Authors face the moral and professional dilemma of honouring a woman's intentions, or persuading her to interrupt her pregnancy to prevent damage to her health.
Chen Chih-Ping - - 2010
To present a prenatal diagnosis of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in a pregnancy with fetal ascites. A 33-year-old, gravida 6, para 2, woman was referred to a hospital at 20 weeks of gestation for management of fetal ascites. The woman had not experienced recent rubella or herpes simplex infections. The ...
Higa Lourenço T - - 2010
We evaluated anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgM-reactive pregnant women seen at a high-risk pregnancy outpatient clinic. From March 2005 to January 2008 in Paraná, Brazil, pregnant women seen by the Brazilian Public Health System, in any gestational period, who were anti-T. gondii IgM-positive, were followed. Clinical symptoms were noted, and tests performed ...
Doshi Haresh U - - 2010
To assess the maternal and perinatal outcome in pregnant women with cardiac disease, a prospective study was carried out among 51 pregnant women with cardiac disease between January 2006 and August 2008 at a tertiary care centre at BJ Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Rheumatic cardiac disease (68.62%) with mitral valve ...
Lipitz S - - 2010
To evaluate the outcome of pregnancies with proven and well-dated primary cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection with and without abnormal fetal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. This was a prospective study of 38 singleton pregnancies with proven vertical transmission of CMV and prenatal ultrasound and MRI examinations. Entry requirements included ...
Santos Fabiano - - 2010
PURPOSES: (1) Measure the prevalence and trends of anti-infective drug use before, during, and after pregnancy; (2) to list the doses, classes, types, and indications for anti-infective use during pregnancy; and (3) to identify predictors associated with anti-infective drug use during pregnancy. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study within the Quebec Pregnancy ...
Pasupathi Palanisamy - - 2010
Free radicals play an important role in the pathogenesis of tissue damage in many clinical disorders, including atherosclerosis. This study was to investigate lipids and oxidative stress markers among women with 50 healthy non-pregnant compare with 50 healthy pregnant and 50 pregnancy-induced hypertensive subjects and correlate with cardiac troponin I ...
Mavroudis Constantine D - - 2010
Patency of the ductus arteriosus is critical in maintaining fetal circulation, and premature closure is associated with fetal and early neonatal death. We present 2 cases of sudden demise in the delivery room associated with atypical ductal anatomy with obstruction due to kinking and intraluminal intimal ridges. Shepherd hook anomaly ...
Mercieri Marco - - 2010
We present a case of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus necrotizing pneumonia, Panton-Valentine leukocidin positive, in a woman at 14 weeks of pregnancy. To our knowledge, this is the first case reporting this critical lung infection occurring during an early phase of pregnancy. This case study alerts physicians to the increasing ...
Fritel Xavier - - 2010
Mother-to-child transmission of chikungunya virus was reported during the 2005-2006 outbreak on Reunion Island, France. To determine the effects of this virus on pregnancy outcomes, we conducted a study of pregnant women in Reunion in 2006. The study population was composed of 1,400 pregnant women (628 uninfected, 658 infected during ...
Wallihan Rebecca - - 2010
Current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations suggest all pregnant women have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody testing early in pregnancy. For women with specific identified risks for HIV-1 infection, the CDC recommends repeat testing in the third trimester. We report 3 cases of infants perinatally infected with ...
McGready Rose - - 2010
Orientia tsutsugamushi causes scrub typhus and is a rural zoonosis endemic in the Asia Pacific region. This is the first report of O. tsutsugamushi TA716-like strain in a human in Thailand. The patient was in the 1st trimester of pregnancy when she developed scrub typhus. The O. tsutsugamushi strain TA716 ...
Lim M L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of an obstetric population with influenza A/H1N1 (2009) infection, with a focus on the need for hospitalisation and complications. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. POPULATION: Two hundred and eleven pregnant women with influenza A/H1N1 (2009) infection diagnosed by nasopharyngeal swab polymerase chain reaction ...
Han Yiping W - - 2010
Intrauterine infection is a recognized cause of adverse pregnancy outcome, but the source of infection is often undetermined. We report a case of stillbirth caused by Fusobacterium nucleatum that originated in the mother's mouth. A woman with pregnancy-associated gingivitis experienced an upper respiratory tract infection at term, followed by stillbirth ...
Toal M - - 2010
Novel influenza A (H1N1) (H1N1 2009 influenza virus) or 'swine flu' has been identified as the cause of a widespread outbreak of respiratory infection worldwide. Based on experience from previous influenza pandemics, pregnant women are thought to be at a higher risk of contracting swine flu and developing complications. This ...
Myer Landon - - 2010
With the rapid expansion of antiretroviral therapy (ART) services in sub-Saharan Africa there is growing recognition of the importance of fertility and childbearing among HIV-infected women. However there are few data on whether ART initiation influences pregnancy rates. We analyzed data from the Mother-to-Child Transmission-Plus (MTCT-Plus) Initiative, a multicountry HIV ...
Brown Cathleen M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: H1N1 influenza is an emerging threat that is life threatening to pregnant women in the third trimester. Six third-trimester maternal deaths with severe H1N1 pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) have been reported in the literature. CASE: A young woman at 33 weeks of gestation was admitted for ...
Pouliot Sawyer H - - 2010
To assess the impact of dengue infection during pregnancy on birth outcomes, we conducted a systematic review of 30 published studies (19 case reports, 9 case series, and 2 comparison studies). Studies were identified by searching computerized databases using dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever, cross-referenced with pregnancy, preterm birth or ...
Almer?a S - - 2010
Neospora caninum is a major cause of abortion in cattle, but the reasons why some animals abort and not others remain unclear. Most of the N. caninum experimental primary infections in cattle late in gestation, after 120 days of pregnancy, result in birth of full-term congenitally infected fetuses. In the ...
Austeng Marit Erna - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between maternal infection with Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) in pregnancy and subsequent risk of hearing loss in the offspring. The study included 27 727 children born in Norway 1992-1994. Maternal toxoplasma infection during pregnancy was ascertained by serological examination and ...
Carlsen Karen - - 2010
In most cases of stillbirth, the cause is still unknown. The impact of parvovirus B19/erythrovirus infection and chromosomal abnormalities in stillborns and neonatal deaths. 57 consecutive cases, 23 second-trimester abortions (from gestational weeks 16 to 22), 27 intrauterine fetal deaths (from gestational week 22 onwards) and 7 early neonatal deaths ...
Podymow Tiina - - 2010
Postinfectious glomerulonephritis due to parvovirus B19 during pregnancy is not described in the literature. A case and renal biopsy of postinfectious glomerulonephritis due to parvovirus B19 during pregnancy is presented. The patient contracted "fifth disease," parvovirus B19, in the 10th week of pregnancy, and 2 weeks later developed hypertension, nephrotic ...
Robert-Gangneux Florence - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Neonates with congenital toxoplasmosis, even asymptomatic at birth, should be treated early to reduce long-term sequelae. Postnatal diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis is essential because prenatal diagnosis fails to detect approximately 15% of cases or cannot be performed when maternal infection is acquired in late pregnancy. Detection of parasites in ...
Candiotto Alberto - - 2010
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in non-hospitalized patients has been reported with increased frequency, whereas an association between CDI and pregnancy has not been highlighted. We report a case of toxic megacolon complicating a severe CDI during the second trimester of pregnancy in a patient without traditional risk factors, such as ...
Pandey Anil K - - 2010
Little information exists about the use of noninvasive methods to characterized left ventricular mechanical adaptation during normal pregnancy. The aim of this study was to evaluate left ventricular performance during normal pregnancy and study the effect of maternal factors. The study was conducted at Govt. Medical College and New Civil ...
Záhumenský J - - 2010
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is considered to be one of the most frequent viral infectious agents in humans. Transmission of HSV from mother to foetus during pregnancy is uncommon with about 85% of transmission occurring perinatally, when neonates acquire HSV during vaginal birth from infected genital tract secretions. For women, ...
Sinha Swati - - 2010
The combination of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and pregnancy presents unique management questions. Aspects of care that need to be considered include effects of hepatitis B on pregnancy, effects of pregnancy itself on the course of hepatitis B infection, treatment of hepatitis B during pregnancy and prevention of ...
Bayraktar Soley - - 2010
We report a case of a 25-year-old woman with chronic myeloid leukaemia who was randomised to dasatinib 100 mg orally daily in a clinical trial. The patient was advised to avoid pregnancy while on treatment due to its teratogenic potential. Five months later, the patient was found to be 6 ...
Floridia Marco - - 2010
There is limited information about the determinants of voluntary pregnancy termination (VPT) among women with HIV in the current context of wide access to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). To investigate this issue, we analysed the characteristics of a series of VPTs which occurred in an ongoing observational national study ...
Sadeghi Mohammadreza - - 2010
Three* human polyomaviruses have been discovered recently, KIPyV, WUPyV and MCPyV. These viruses appear to circulate ubiquitously; however, their clinical significance beyond Merkel cell carcinoma is almost completely unknown. In particular, nothing is known about their preponderance in vertical transmission. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency ...
Gérardin Patrick - - 2010
Pregnant women have been identified as a group at risk, both for respiratory complications than for the admissions to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic (pdm). The purpose of this prospective register-based cohort-study was to characterize the clinical virulence of the pdm (H1N1/09)v during pregnancy ...
Larsen Bryan - - 2010
Recent work on the Molicutes that associate with genital tract tissues focuses on four species that may be of interest in potential maternal, fetal, and neonatal infection and in contributing to adverse pregnancy outcomes. Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum have historically been the subject of attention, but Mycoplasma genitalis which ...
McIntyre James - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to review recent evidence on the use of antiretrovirals during pregnancy and breastfeeding in low-income and middle-income settings. Access to antiretroviral prophylaxis strategies for HIV-infected pregnant women has increased globally, but two-thirds of women in need still do not receive even the simplest regimen ...
Pinnetti Carmela - - 2010
We report a case of a vertically infected woman treated with darunavir/ritonavir plus a standard backbone before pregnancy. The analysis of darunavir/ritonavir concentrations in peripheral maternal plasma throughout pregnancy, as well as in umbilical cord blood at delivery, showed low levels of darunavir in the mother and limited transfer across ...
Twomley Katie M - - 2010
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare but potentially lethal complication of pregnancy occurring in approximately 1 : 3,000 live births in the United States although some series report a much higher incidence. African-American women are particularly at risk. Diagnosis requires symptoms of heart failure in the last month of pregnancy or within ...
Suyemoto M Mitsu - - 2010
Gravid mammals are more prone to listeriosis than their nongravid counterparts. However, many features of the disease in gravid animals are not well defined. We determined, in mice, that increased susceptibility to lethal infection following oral inoculation begins surprisingly early in pregnancy and extends through embryonic development. Pregnancy did not ...
Jaworsky Denise - - 2010
Although antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy is associated with significant reductions in the risk of vertical transmission of HIV, attainment of this outcome in highly treatment-experienced pregnant women might be complicated by the lack of active drugs available to assemble a potent regimen. The recent licensing and availability of darunavir, etravirine ...
Odiere M R - - 2010
This study examined concurrent stresses of nematode infection and pregnancy using pregnant and non-pregnant CD1 mice infected 3 times with 0, 50 or 100 Heligmosomoides bakeri larvae. Physiological, energetic, immunological and skeletal responses were measured in maternal and foetal compartments. Resting metabolic rate (RMR) was elevated by pregnancy, but not ...
Bjartling C - - 2010
The prevalence and complications of Mycoplasma genitalium and Chlamydia trachomatis infections among women undergoing termination of pregnancy were studied in this nested case-control study at Malmo University Hospital, Sweden, during 2003 to 2007. The study comprised 2079 women presenting for termination of pregnancy. Forty-nine women with M. genitalium infection and ...
Silingardi Enrico - - 2009
Parvovirus B19 infection during pregnancy can be transmitted to the fetus through the placenta. The consequences for the health of the fetus are very variable and can be very serious. They include intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) and miscarriage, which can lead to medico-forensic questions. For the most part, cases of ...
Staroselsky Arthur - - 2009
One of my pregnant patients came for a routine prenatal visit at 20 weeks' gestation. Near the end of the consultation, she asked me about "slapped cheek" disease and pregnancy, as her son had been diagnosed with fifth disease the previous week. What is the current guideline for pregnant women ...
Andrade Gláucia M Q - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To report a rare case of congenital toxoplasmosis from an immunocompetent mother with chronic infection who had reactivation of ocular disease during pregnancy. DESCRIPTION: The newborn was asymptomatic at birth and identified by neonatal screening (IgM anti-Toxoplasma gondii in dried blood) among other 190 infants with congenital toxoplasmosis during ...
Krishnan Lakshmi - - 2010
Listeria monocytogenes (LM) preferentially colonizes the placenta and causes fetal loss and systemic disease during pregnancy. As systemic CD8+ T-cell memory is critical in controlling LM infection, we addressed the issue as to whether it is modulated during pregnancy. Pregnant mice were infected with LM and their immune response was ...
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