Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1363
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Jain Vanita Dharan - - 2011
Objective.  Individuals with a systemic right ventricle develop cardiac complications earlier in life. Limited data exists regarding the effect of a maternal systemic right ventricle on cardiac events during pregnancy. We sought to assess the effect of a systemic right ventricle on cardiac events and pregnancy outcomes. Design.  The study ...
Lok S I - - 2011
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare and life-threatening disease that affects young women in the last month of pregnancy or within 5 months of delivery. It is a form of dilated cardiomyopathy with left-sided systolic dysfunction. The incidence rate in the Western world is estimated to be 1:3000. Symptoms of PPCM ...
Tromp C H N - - 2011
Two pregnant patients with a sustained symptomatic maternal supraventricular arrhythmia are presented. Both patients were treated with direct-current cardioversion. Electrical cardioversion during pregnancy is a rarely applied but highly effective procedure in the treatment of maternal cardiac arrhythmias and is assumed safe for both mother and child. However, once foetal ...
Jones J L - - 2011
Parasites from raw fish can lead to a wide range of clinical manifestations and can be challenging to treat in pregnancy as result of medication exposure of the foetus. We surveyed obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns) in the U.S. to determine their knowledge about the consumption of raw fish during pregnancy. In March ...
Akintunde A A - - 2011
Congenital heart disease is an important cause of maternal morbidity and mortality during pregnancy. Pregnancy alters the circulatory and respiratory physiology with attendant deleterious effect on the mother with congenital heart disease and the foetus. Additional insult to the circulatory physiology by other factors coexisting together with congenital heart disease ...
Akinwusi P O - - 2011
Pregnancy is associated with major haemodynamic and cardiac changes, which can mimic or precipitate cardiac diseases. There is a paucity of this kind of data among pregnant Nigerian women. This study was aimed at describing the cardiovascular and electrocardiographic changes found among healthy pregnant Nigerian women. This was an age-matched ...
Catling-Paull Christine - - 2011
Cardiac arrest in pregnancy is fortunately a rare event that few midwives will see during their career. The increase in maternal age, the Body Mass Index, cesarean sections, multiple pregnancies, and comorbidities over recent years have increased the probability of cardiac arrest. The early warning signs of impending maternal cardiac ...
Dadvand Payam - - 2011
Maternal exposure to ambient air pollution has increasingly been linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes. The evidence linking this exposure to congenital anomalies is still limited and controversial. This case-control study investigated the association between maternal exposure to ambient particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 10μm (PM(10)), sulfur dioxide (SO(2)), ...
Xing Ming Guo - - 2011
Objective To investigate the change of cardiac reserve during abnormal pregnancy and explore its evaluation methods. Methods Totally 96 women with abnormal pregnancies (AP group), 356 women with normal pregnancies (NP group), and 100 women of childbearing age (CBA group) were monitored by the exercise cardiac contractility monitor (ECCM). Phonocardiogram ...
Balci Ali - - 2011
Previous research has shown that women with congenital heart disease (CHD) are more susceptible to cardiovascular, obstetric, and offspring events. The causative pathophysiologic mechanisms are incompletely understood. Inadequate uteroplacental circulation is an important denominator in adverse obstetric events and offspring outcome. The relation between cardiac function and uteroplacental perfusion has ...
Foyouzi Nastaran - - 2011
Lymphocytic adenohypophysitis is a rare but important cause of decreased pituitary function, which predominantly affects young women in pregnancy or the peripartum period. It is an autoimmune disease of the pituitary gland which can present with varying degrees of pituitary hormonal impairment and/or with symptoms related to pituitary enlargement. Obstetricians ...
Sillesen Martin - - 2011
Objective: Pregnancy in women with prosthetic heart valves remains a risk factor for both mother and fetus, but unselected and unbiased outcome and complication data remain scarce. We analyzed nationwide outcome data from 1977 to 2007 for all pregnancies in women with prosthetic valves. Methods: Cardiac, obstetric, and neonatal data ...
Freibert Sara M - - 2011
Abstract Objective: This study investigates the association between a prior history of pregnancy complications and cardiovascular disease (CVD) among Kentucky women aged ≥50 years. Methods: Data were analyzed from participants (n = 3909) in the Kentucky Women's Health Registry (2006-2008). Primary outcomes were self-reported prevalence of CVD, including angina, heart attack, heart ...
Mathiesen Elisabeth R - - 2011
Pregnancy in women with pregestational diabetes is associated with high perinatal morbidity and mortality. Stillbirth accounts for the majority of cases with perinatal death. Intrauterine growth restriction, pre-eclampsia, foetal hypoxia and congenital malformations may be contributing factors, but more than 50% of stillbirths are unexplained. Majority of stillbirths are characterised ...
Balci Ali - - 2011
In women with corrected tetralogy of Fallot (ToF), pregnancy is associated with maternal cardiac, obstetric, and offspring complications. Our aim is to investigate the magnitude and determinants of pregnancy outcome in women with corrected ToF. In this retrospective international multicenter study using 2 congenital heart disease registries, 204 women with ...
Ghi T - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate longitudinally a cohort of twin pregnancies and to assess if the occurrence of adverse pregnancy outcome may be related to specific maternal cardiac findings. METHODS:: Women with twin pregnancies were prospectively enrolled and submitted to serial maternal echocardiography (20-23 weeks; 26-29 weeks and 30-33 weeks). Patients were ...
Weber Roland - - 2011
Fetal arrhythmias are detected in at least 2% of unselected pregnancies during routine obstetrical scans. Most common are transient, brief episodes of a slow or fast heart rate or of an irregular heart rhythm. Less common are prolonged or persistent abnormalities such as supraventricular tachycardia and complete heart block which ...
Winn Virginia D - - 2011
Preeclampsia (PE) impacts 8 million mother-infant pairs worldwide each year. This human pregnancy-specific disease characterized by hypertension and proteinuria accounts for significant maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. The current theory of the pathogenesis of PE as reviewed by Drs. Christopher Redman and Ian Sargent is thought to occur as ...
Yüksel H - - 2011
Rectal cancer in pregnancy is a rare but a life-threatening disease. This paper presents a case of rectal cancer in pregnancy, discussed in light of the literature.
Nogueira Adriano Barreto - - 2011
Transperitoneal migration is a mechanism for oocyte retrieval that is generally demonstrated in certain cases of ectopic pregnancy. However, the association between these two conditions is debatable. The rare occasions on which intrauterine pregnancy following transperitoneal migration can be documented are an opportunity for studying this topic. We report the ...
Moodie Peter - - 2011
AIMS: Oral isotretinoin is a highly-effective treatment for severe acne. It is also highly teratogenic. Recently, funded access was widened (from vocationally registered dermatologists only) to include vocationally trained general practitioners and nurse practitioners acting within their scope of practice. This decision has caused some debate. While it is hoped ...
Naccache Deeb Daoud - - 2011
The safety of octreotide use, in its short-acting preparation, in pregnancy is still unclear. This report provides the first documentation of uneventful octreotide LAR use during three pregnancies in a woman with bronchial carcinoid-associated adrenocorticotropic hormone-dependent Cushing's syndrome. A 25-year-old Arabic woman presented to our emergency department with rapid onset ...
Tan Michael Paul - - 2011
We report on the first Helpline for pharmacists dealing with the safety of medications in pregnancy and during breastfeeding. Pharmacists from all parts of Canada participated in this pilot, receiving guidance in approximately 90% of cases. There were 472 inquiries relating to 598 products with regards to safety in pregnancy ...
Bialynicki-Birula Rafal - - 2011
Pregnancy as a triggering factor of pemphigus vulgaris (PV) seems to be quite a rare phenomenon. According to a recent review, only 38 reports describing 49 pregnant women with PV have been published in English language literature. A 34-year-old woman is described with pregnancy-triggered PV showing persistent gingival erosions. In ...
Işçi H - - 2011
Isolated fallopian tube torsion is an uncommon cause of acute abdomen in pregnancy. Patients present with lower quadrant abdominal pain, and some have nausea and vomiting. There is no pathognomic diagnostic sign, so most patients are operated when it is too late to save the tube by detorsion alone. Here ...
Chan Karen - - 2011
Myocarditis is rarely reported as an extra-pulmonary manifestation of influenza while pregnancy is a rare cause of cardiomyopathy. Pregnancy was identified as a major risk factor for increased mortality and morbidity due to H1N1 influenza in the pandemic of 2009 to 2010. However, to the best of our knowledge there ...
Rizzo Giuseppe - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of visualizing standard cardiac views from 4-dimensional (4D) cardiac volumes obtained at ultrasound facilities with no specific experience in fetal echocardiography. Five sonographers prospectively recorded 4D cardiac volumes starting from the 4-chamber view on 500 consecutive pregnancies at 19 to ...
Harris Ian S - - 2011
Congenital heart diseases are the most common birth defects in humans, affecting approximately 0.8% of all live births. In the past, many of the more severe defects resulted in profound disability and death during childhood, and adult survival was exceptional. The past 4 decades have seen dramatic improvements in the ...
Oboti Livio - - 2011
In the olfactory bulb of adult rodents, local interneurons are constantly replaced by immature precursors derived from the subventricular zone. Whether any olfactory sensory process specifically relies on this cell renewal remains largely unclear. By using the well known model of mating-induced imprinting to avoid pregnancy block, which requires accessory ...
Hadar Eran - - 2010
To evaluate pregnancy outcome and rate of vertical transmission in primary maternal periconceptional cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. All women serologically diagnosed with primary periconceptional CMV infection between 1999 and 2008 were included. Periconceptional infection was defined as primary maternal CMV infection occurring within 4 weeks prior to the last reported menstrual ...
Jiménez Mirela Foresti - - 2010
To study the epidemiologic characteristics and underlying conditions that place pregnant women infected with H1N1 virus at increased risk for being admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). In this cross-sectional study conducted in Porto Alegre, Brazil, with 57 pregnant women hospitalized with the H1N1 influenza during the 2009 pandemic, ...
Rifaie Osama - - 2010
Mitral stenosis during pregnancy poses a substantial risk, both to the mother and foetus. Percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty performed during pregnancy has been associated with an excellent short-term outcome, with reduction of both maternal and foetal complications. We report a case of percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty in a pregnant woman with severe ...
Ramachandra S - - 2010
Fetal varicella syndrome is a rare condition of the newborn, presenting with cutaneous scars, limb defects and ocular and central nervous system abnormalities. It is due to varicella or zoster developing in the fetus following maternal varicella infection during early pregnancy. We are reporting one such patient who presented with ...
Dueñas-García Omar Felipe - - 2011
Objective. Krukenberg tumors in pregnancy are very rare and their management can present a dilemma for the obstetrician gynecologist. Case Report. We present the case of a G3P2002 who presented to us and the 38 weeks gestation with bilateral massive Krukenberg tumors. Despite at surgery and chemotherapy she died 3 ...
Lamont R F - - 2011
Human parvovirus B19 infection is widespread. Approximately 30-50% of pregnant women are nonimmune, and vertical transmission is common following maternal infection in pregnancy. Fetal infection may be associated with a normal outcome, but fetal death may also occur without ultrasound evidence of infectious sequelae. B19 infection should be considered in ...
Mylonas Ioannis - - 2011
Abstract Little is known regarding the possible harmful effects of Borrelia infections in pregnancy, since such a risk analysis is difficult to perform. Transplacental transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi has been documented in several animal studies. Therefore, it had been thought that fetal infection and teratogenicity was possible from B. burgdorferi, ...
Amankwah Yaa - - 2010
Vulvar edema is associated with a variety of conditions. The edema can result from inflammatory conditions, infections, infestations, trauma, pregnancy, tumors and iatrogenic causes. At times, it is difficult to determine the cause of the vulvar edema. Treatment consists of determining the origin of the edema and giving the appropriate ...
Youngwanichsetha Sununta - - 2010
The researchers conducted this grounded theory study in order to describe the decision making surrounding management of the pregnancy experience of 38 pregnant, HIV-infected Thai women. Data were collected using in-depth interviews and an open-ended questionnaire, and they were analyzed using constant comparative analysis. We found that "weighing distress" was ...
Kinuthia John - - 2010
to estimate HIV-1 incidence and cofactors for HIV-1 incidence during pregnancy and postpartum. retrospective study among women who were HIV seronegative during pregnancy. mothers accompanying their infants for routine 6-week immunizations at 6 maternal child health clinics in Nairobi and Western Kenya were tested for HIV-1 after completing a questionnaire ...
Cortina-Borja Mario - - 2010
The effectiveness of prenatal treatment to prevent serious neurological sequelae (SNSD) of congenital toxoplasmosis is not known. Congenital toxoplasmosis was prospectively identified by universal prenatal or neonatal screening in 14 European centres and children were followed for a median of 4 years. We evaluated determinants of postnatal death or SNSD ...
The Kesho Bora Study - - 2011
To evaluate strategies to reduce HIV-1 transmission through breastfeeding, a multicentre study including a nested randomized controlled trial was implemented in five research sites in West, East and South Africa (The Kesho Bora Study). The aim was to optimize the use of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs during pregnancy, delivery and breastfeeding ...
Cressey Tim R - - 2010
To evaluate the pharmacokinetics and HIV viral load response following initiation during the third trimester of pregnancy of zidovudine plus standard-dose lopinavir boosted with ritonavir (LPV/r), twice daily, until delivery for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Prospective study nested within a multicenter, three-arm, randomized, phase III prevention of ...
Brkic Snezana - - 2011
Objective. To study the role of asymptomatic maternal parvo B19 infection in severe fetal outcome in Province of Vojvodina. Methods. One hundred seventy-six pregnant women (13-25 weeks of gestation) were divided in two groups - patients with symptoms of imminent spontaneous abortion and poor pregnancy outcome and patients with normal course of ...
Scott Veronica L - - 2011
Experimental infection of cats with FIV-B-2542 produces high rates of fetal infection and reproductive failure. We hypothesized that dysregulation of placental cytokine expression occurs in FIV-infected queens, and aberrant expression potentiates inflammation and impacts pregnancy outcome. Our purpose was to quantify expression of representative pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-12p35, and IL-1β), ...
Mylonas Ioannis - - 2011
Infections during gestation, delivery and the postnatal period can jeopardise not only the mother, but also the child. Along with chromosomal abnormalities and immunological diseases, infection in early pregnancy represents the most important reason for abortion. During the second and third trimester, infections are the principal cause for preterm labour, ...
Strevens Helena - - 2010
Premature prelabor rupture of the fetal membranes affects about 3% of pregnancies. The cause is usually infection, especially at earlier gestations. The prognosis and the risks of delivery are both much worse at earlier gestations. Before viable pregnancy, termination may be offered. Once the fetus is viable, steroids to mature ...
Panditrao Mridul M - - 2010
A case report of a primigravida, who was admitted with severe pregnancy induced hypertension (BP 160/122 mmHg) and twin pregnancy, is presented here. Antihypertensive therapy was initiated. Elective LSCS under general anaesthesia was planned. After the birth of both the babies, intramyometrial injections of Carboprost and Pitocin were administered. Immediately, ...
Petersen Irene I Department of Primary Care and Population Health, UCL, Rowland Hill Street, London NW3 2PF, UK. - - 2010
To examine patterns of prescribing of oral antibiotics during pregnancy and to determine whether women were more or less likely to receive specific types of antibiotics in pregnancy than in the years before and after pregnancy. Finally, to identify socio-demographic factors associated with antibiotic prescribing in pregnancy. We identified 114 999 ...
Lockett N N - - 2010
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) support pregnancy maintenance by suppressing placental inflammation, while diminished Treg function may accompany reproductive failure. Experimental FIV infection frequently results in vertical transmission and increased pregnancy failure in the cat. The mechanism of reproductive compromise is unknown. We hypothesized that FIV infection alters endometrial Treg population ...
Raboud Janet - - 2010
Objectives: To determine predictors of HIV-positive women who choose to carry a pregnancy to term. Methods: We collected pregnancy data up to December 2008 on women who had attended the University Health Network Immunodeficiency Clinic in Toronto since 2000 and were < 50 years of age at the time of ...
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