Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1363
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Wacker-Gußmann Annette - - 2012
Background. The presence of anti-SSA/Ro and anti-SSB/La antibodies during pregnancy is associated with fetal congenital heart block (CHB), which is primarily diagnosed through fetal echocardiography. Conclusive information about the complete electrophysiology of the fetal cardiac conducting system is still lacking. In addition to echocardiography, fetal magnetocardiography (fMCG) can be used. ...
Yavuz Celal - - 2012
A 23-year-old primigravida was referred to our clinic for evaluation of high blood pressure (BP) in her 16th week of gestation. She had an operation to repair congenital aortic coarctation and patent ductus arteriosus 8 years ago. On physical examination the blood pressure in upper extremity was 155/95 and in ...
Zheng Cui Hong - - 2012
The aim of this paper was to provide reliable evidence by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis for evaluating the role of acupuncture in assisted reproductive technology. All randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effects of acupuncture, including manual, electrical, and laser acupuncture (LA) techniques, on the clinical pregnancy rate ...
Allahdin S - - 2012
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is an often under-reported and under-treated condition. It can affect the psychological and social wellbeing of a woman; it can have long-term effects on their quality of life and is associated with enormous health-related costs. SUI is the most common type of urinary incontinence (UI) in ...
Bland Lucy - - 2012
When, in June 1921, a clairvoyant informed Christabel Russell, to her great surprise, that she was pregnant, her husband denied paternity and petitioned for divorce on grounds of adultery. The Hon. John Russell claimed that on the very few occasions that they had slept in the same bed in their ...
Gómez Montes E - - 2012
Objectives. To describe the process of selection of candidates for fetal cardiac intervention (FCI) in fetuses diagnosed with pulmonary atresia-critical stenosis with intact ventricular septum (PA/CS-IVS) and report our own experience with FCI for such disease. Methods. We searched our database for cases of PA/CS-IVS prenatally diagnosed in 2003-2012. Data ...
Yılmaz Fevzi - - 2012
Pregnancy can precipitate cardiac arrhythmias not previously present in seemingly well individuals. Atrial and ventricular premature beats are frequently present during pregnancy and are usually benign. Supraventricular tachycardia and malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmias occur less frequently. Maternal and fetal arrhythmias occurring during pregnancy may jeopardize the life of the mother and ...
J Adam - - 2012
Fetal heart rate monitoring is the most common obstetric procedure, and yet it remains a frustrating technology, plagued by false-positive results and miscommunication between providers. A new generation of invasive and noninvasive monitoring technologies is under development and entering the clinic, including the STAN monitor (Neoventa Medical, Mölndal, Sweden), which ...
Schuit Ewoud - - 2012
Preterm birth is the principal factor contributing to adverse outcomes in multiple pregnancies. Randomized controlled trials of progestogens to prevent preterm birth in twin pregnancies have shown no clear benefits. However, individual studies have not had sufficient power to evaluate potential benefits in women at particular high risk of early ...
Kroon Ben - - 2012
Embryo transfer (ET) involves the placement of one or more embryos into the uterine cavity, usually by passing a catheter through the cervical os. ET is the final step in an assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycle, where a woman has undergone controlled ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval and in vitro fertilisation ...
Nijenhuis Cynthia M - - 2012
The increase in selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor (SSRI) use during pregnancy, questions concerning abnormal development of the enteric nervous system (ENS), increase in laxative use in children and the association of fluoxetine with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) gave rise to this pharmacological literature review. The role of 5-HT and ...
Hofmeyr G Justus - - 2012
In a vaginal breech birth there may be benefit from rapid delivery of the baby to prevent progressive acidosis. However, this needs to be weighed against the potential trauma of a quick delivery. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of expedited vaginal delivery (breech delivery from ...
Mori Rintaro - - 2012
It has been suggested that low serum zinc levels may be associated with suboptimal outcomes of pregnancy such as prolonged labour, atonic postpartum haemorrhage, pregnancy-induced hypertension, preterm labour and post-term pregnancies, although many of these associations have not yet been established. To assess the effects of zinc supplementation in pregnancy ...
Hofmeyr G Justus - - 2012
Suspected fetal distress usually results in expedited delivery of a baby (often operatively). The potential harm to a mother and baby from operative delivery may not always be justified especially when fetal distress may be misdiagnosed. Even with a correct diagnosis it is not clear whether an operative or conservative ...
Robert Peter Japaraj - - 2012
Symphysis fundal height (SFH) measurement is commonly practiced primarily to detect fetal intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Undiagnosed IUGR may lead to fetal death as well as increase perinatal mortality and morbidity. The objective of this review is to compare SFH measurement with serial ultrasound measurement of fetal parameters or clinical ...
Daliento Luciano - - 2012
The aim of this study was to describe gender differences in patients operated on for TOF and to define the impact of pregnancy in late post-surgical follow-up in women. In this research, we studied 145 patients after correction of TOF: 66 male, 79 women, 41 of which reported history of ...
Gazvani Rafet - - 2012
Luteal support with progesterone is necessary for successful implantation of the embryo following egg collection and embryo transfer in an in-vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle. Progesterone has been used for as little as 2 weeks and for as long as 12 weeks of gestation. The optimal length of treatment is unresolved ...
Li Jingyuan - - 2012
During Pregnancy, heart develops physiological left ventricular hypertrophy as a result of the natural volume overload. Previously we have characterized the molecular and functional signature of heart hypertrophy during pregnancy. Cardiac hypertrophy during pregnancy is a complex process that involves many changes including in the signalling pathways, composition of extracellular ...
Iorga Andrea A Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Molecular Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, - - 2012
During pregnancy, the heart develops physiological hypertrophy. Proteasomal degradation has been shown to be altered in various models of pathological cardiac hypertrophy. Since the molecular signature of pregnancy-induced heart hypertrophy differs significantly from that of pathological heart hypertrophy, we investigated whether the cardiac proteasomal proteolytic pathway is affected by pregnancy ...
Tappin David M DM Paediatric Epidemiology and Community Health Unit, Section of Child Health, Division of Developmental Medicine, Glasgow University, Yorkhill Campus, Glasgow, Scotland, U.K. - - 2012
Seventy percent of women in Scotland have at least one baby, making pregnancy an opportunity to help most young women quit smoking before their own health is irreparably compromised. By quitting during pregnancy their infants will be protected from miscarriage and still birth as well as low birth weight, asthma, ...
Muehlenbachs Atis A Department of Pathology, University of Washington, Box 357470, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Seattle, WA, USA. - - 2012
Data on efficacy of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) to treat Plasmodium falciparum during pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa is scarce. A recent open label, randomized controlled trial in Mbarara, Uganda demonstrated that artemether-lumefantrine (AL) is not inferior to quinine to treat uncomplicated malaria in pregnancy. Haemozoin can persist in the placenta ...
Hofmeyr G Justus GJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East London Hospital Complex, University of the Witwatersrand, University of FortHare, Eastern Cape Department of Health, East London, South Afric. - - 2012
Clinical observations indicate that mothers commonly perceive a reduction in, or absence of, the baby's movements for some days preceding a baby's death. For this reason, fetal movement monitoring is advised by caregivers and used spontaneously by mothers to assess the baby's well-being. However, it is possible that the harmful ...
Muktabhant Benja B Department of Nutrition, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand. - - 2012
Excessive weight gain during pregnancy is associated with multiple maternal and neonatal complications. However, interventions to prevent excessive weight gain during pregnancy have not been adequately evaluated. To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions for preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy and associated pregnancy complications. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and ...
Alves Cresio - - 2011
Spontaneous procreation in Turner syndrome (TS) is a rare condition, and repeated gestation is even rarer. We report two spontaneous and successful pregnancies (at the age of 25 and 28 y) in a patient with TS (karyotype: 45,X/47,XXX, in 30 metaphases). Births were by caesarean section due to fetal-pelvic disproportion. ...
Nance D - - 2011
Summary.  Women with factor X deficiency (FXD) who want to become pregnant face uncertain risks to themselves and to an unborn infant from haemorrhagic complications during pregnancy and at parturition. Women with FXD may also experience difficulty achieving pregnancy secondary to haemorrhagic symptoms of the reproductive organs. Case reports describe ...
Lakhoo Kokila - - 2011
Foetal counselling is best achieved by a multidisciplinary team that can favourably influence the perinatal management of prenatally diagnosed anomalies and provide this information to prospective parents. Prenatal diagnosis has remarkably improved our understanding of surgically correctable congenital malformations. It has allowed us to influence the delivery of the baby, ...
Digre Kathleen B - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Management of the pregnant woman with a neuro-ophthalmic disorder may be challenging. Physiologic changes in pregnancy make vascular conditions more frequent, including retinal artery occlusion, spontaneous orbital hemorrhage, and pituitary apoplexy. Papilledema may signal cerebral venous sinus thrombosis or idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Manifestations of severe preeclampsia and eclampsia include ...
Silver Robert M - - 2011
Traditionally, obstetricians have grouped together all pregnancy losses before the mid-second trimester as spontaneous abortions. However, this nomenclature is arbitrary, outdated, and not clinically useful. Using this system, miscarriages due to genetic abnormalities, fetal deaths associated with abnormal placental growth and development, and spontaneous preterm births of liveborn fetuses at ...
Gryparis I - - 2011
The impact of endometriosis on in vitro fertilization (IVF) has been the subject of numerous publications, although a number of critical issues related to the management of affected patients remain unsolved. Accurate assessment of the effect of this disease on IVF outcome requires an appraisal of the diagnostic limitations, the ...
Lansdown A - - 2011
Endocrine tumours occur rarely in pregnant women but present clinicians with unique challenges. A high index of suspicion is often required to make a diagnosis since the symptoms and signs associated with many of these tumours, including insulinoma, adrenocortical carcinoma and phaeochromocytoma, mimic those of normal pregnancy or its complications, ...
Howard Jo - - 2011
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most common inherited disease worldwide and is associated with anaemia and intermittent severe pain. Pregnant women who are affected have increased maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. In view of this obstetricians should have an awareness of this condition and its complications, and pregnancies ...
Nakhal Rs - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Nakhal R, Wood D, Woodhouse C, Creighton S. False-positive pregnancy tests following enterocystoplasty. BJOG 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03031.x. People with major congenital urological or neurological malformations invariably require bladder reconstruction with enterocystoplasty in early childhood. The improvement of the surgical management of these children has reflected ...
Colin Estelle - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To report four foetal cases of the Binder phenotype associated with maternal autoimmune disorders. Patients and Methods: In three mothers with autoimmune diseases, 2D and 3D ultrasonographic measurements were made on four foetuses with the Binder profile, and were compared with postnatal phenotypes. Results: The Binder phenotype can ...
Occhiogrosso Mallay - - 2011
Two recent studies linking in utero exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN), a potentially serious but rare respiratory illness, have made clinicians and patients more reluctant to use SSRIs during pregnancy. However, additional clinical studies have associated maternal depression rather than ...
Emera Deena - - 2012
Why do humans menstruate while most mammals do not? Here, we present our answer to this long-debated question, arguing that (i) menstruation occurs as a mechanistic consequence of hormone-induced differentiation of the endometrium (referred to as spontaneous decidualization, or SD); (ii) SD evolved because of maternal-fetal conflict; and (iii) SD ...
Soeters Nienke - - 2011
PURPOSE.: This case report aims to demonstrate that pregnancy-induced biomechanical corneal changes in combination with risk factors for ectasia can develop into (the exacerbation of) keratoconus. CASE REPORT.: We describe two women who were clinically diagnosed with keratoconus after their second pregnancy. Both women were myopic and had a history ...
Berger Jacques - - 2011
Anemia and iron deficiency affect billions of people worldwide, especially women of reproductive age, pregnant women, and young children. Many countries have iron and folic acid supplementation programs for pregnant women. However, the impact of these programs is uncertain. Multiple-micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy has been advocated; however, it is unclear ...
Ostrup Esben - - 2011
Communication during early pregnancy is essential for successful reproduction. In this review we address the beginning of the communication between mother and developing embryo; including morphological and transcriptional changes in the endometrium as well as epigenetic regulation mechanisms directing the placentation. An increasing knowledge of the embryo-maternal communication might not ...
Krysiak Robert - - 2011
Autoimmune polyglandular syndromes are rarely diagnosed conditions characterized by the association of at least 2 organ-specific autoimmune disorders. Very few cases of these syndromes have been described during pregnancy. The authors report a case of a patient diagnosed with autoimmune thyroiditis and a history of HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes ...
Kinney-Ham Lisa - - 2011
Spontaneous aortic dissection in pregnancy is rare and life threatening for both the mother and the fetus. Most commonly, it is associated with connective tissue disorders, cardiac valve variants, or trauma. We present the case of a 23-year-old previously healthy woman, 36 weeks pregnant with a syncopal episode after dyspnea ...
Riyami Nihal Al - - 2011
Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) is a life threatening obstetric emergency. The most common presentation is malaise, nausea, vomiting and epigastric pain followed by jaundice. Due to high maternal and perinatal mortality, early diagnosis, prompt delivery and supportive care are required. We report an atypical case of AFLP and ...
Calò Lorenzo A - - 2011
Abstract In the last twenty years the knowledge of biochemical, hormonal and molecular abnormalities of Gitelman's syndrome, the most common phenotype of inherited hypokalemic salt-losing renal tubular disorders, is increased in the medical community. In parallel with the increasing number of adult population affected by the syndrome and the remarkable ...
Keriakos R - - 2011
Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) is a term used specifically to pregnancy-related pain in the lumbosacral, sacroiliac and symphysis pubis joints. Pregnancy-induced hormonal and physical changes increase the risk of musculoskeletal problems in pregnancy. The severity of these conditions varies from mild self-limiting pain to a severe disabling condition. PGP is ...
Bates Shannon M - - 2011
Pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and this condition remains an important cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. The use of anticoagulant therapy for treatment and prophylaxis of VTE during pregnancy is challenging because of the potential for fetal, as well as maternal, complications. Although ...
Fonseca Ana Carolina DA Costa E - - 2011
Those who favor and those who oppose the interruption of pregnancy with anencephalic fetuses answer the question 'what is the right to life?' differently. Those in favor argue that life exists only when it is 'viable'; that is to say, when cerebral activities occur or may occur. Those who oppose ...
Chambers Jenny - - 2011
The simplest definition of obstetric cholestasis (OC) is 'sluggish or interrupted bile flow in pregnancy'. In affected women the normal flow of bile out of the liver is reduced and this leads to raised bile salts (also referred to as bile acids) in the blood. This, together with abnormal liver ...
Brown Catherine M - - 2011
Hypertension is the most common medical disorder encountered during pregnancy. A recent report highlighted hypertensive disorders as one of the major causes of pregnancy-related maternal deaths in the United States. Significant advances in our understanding of preeclampsia, a form of hypertension unique to pregnancy, have occurred in recent years. The ...
Geber S - - 2011
This case report demonstrates a successful pregnancy after ICSI combined with hypo-osmotic swelling test in a couple with Kartagener's syndrome with complete immotile ejaculated spermatozoa. Our result suggests that even for complete immotile spermatozoa, the use of hypo-osmotic swelling test is a good alternative to identify viable spermatozoa. When associated ...
Motivala Soriaya - - 2011
The pituitary gland undergoes much anatomic and physiologic variation during pregnancy. Pituitary disease may have a significant impact on a patient prior to conception as well as throughout her pregnancy. It is imperative to provide care to patients affected by pituitary disease with a multidisciplinary approach involving endocrinologists, obstetricians and, ...
McLintock Claire - - 2012
Pregnancy is a risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE), an important cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. Although there is a 4-5-fold increased risk compared to that of nonpregnant women of the same age, the absolute risk is low at no more than two episodes of VTE per 1000 pregnancies. ...
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