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Results 201 - 250 of 1430
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Gustafson K M KM Hoglund Brain Imaging Center and Department of Neurology, University of Kansas, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA. - - 2013
DHA (22:6n-3) supplementation during infancy has been associated with lower heart rate (HR) and improved neurobehavioral outcomes. We hypothesized that maternal DHA supplementation would improve fetal cardiac autonomic control and newborn neurobehavior. Pregnant women were randomized to 600 mg/day of DHA or placebo oil capsules at 14.4 (+/-4) weeks gestation. ...
van Balen V A Lopes - - 2013
Introduction:Hypertensive pregnancy disorders are assumed to be preceded by defective spiral artery remodeling. Whether this localized aberration at the implantation site affects the initial maternal systemic cardiovascular and renal adaptation to pregnancy is unclear. We explored in a high-risk population, whether the initial systemic maternal adaptation to pregnancy differs between ...
Kishimoto Yuki - - 2013
Background:Despite the acknowledged importance of ascorbic acid (AA) in maintaining pregnancy and normal fetal development, this vitamin's precise actions remain obscure. Therefore, we investigated the impact of maternal AA content on the growth of fetal mice during the gestation period by using senescence marker protein-30 (SMP30)/gluconolactonase (GNL) knockout (KO) mice, ...
Roemer V M - - 2013
Using the naked eye, evaluation of fetal heart-rate (FHR) patterns remains difficult and is not complete. Computer-aided analysis of the FHR offers the opportunity to analyse FHR patterns completely and to detect all changes possibly due to hypoxia and acidosis. It was the goal of this study to make these ...
Subbaiah Murali - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A retrospective analysis of the records of all the patients of heart disease with pregnancy at AIIMS, New Delhi, India, to find out the maternal and fetal outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was carried out of 100 pregnancies in women with heart disease who delivered at ≥28 weeks ...
Shiva Rafati - - 2013
Most neonatal encephalopathic disorders appear to be caused by perinatal events. Persistent myocardial ischemia leads to cellular necrosis and release of troponin from cardiac muscles. Fetal distress during labor may be detected by monitoring the fetal heart rate. However little is known about the relationship, if any, that exists between ...
Egidy Assenza Gabriele - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to better understand the quantitative volumetric changes associated with pregnancy in women with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), utilizing sequential cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. BACKGROUND: An increasing number of women with repaired TOF are reaching childbearing age. Limited echocardiographic studies suggest accelerated ...
Jain Venu - - 2013
Fetal/neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) can be a cause of severe fetal thrombocytopenia, with the common presentation being intracranial hemorrhage in the fetus, usually in the third trimester. A very unusual case of fetal anemia progressed to hydrops. This was further complicated by maternal Mirror syndrome and human chorionic gonadotropin-induced thyrotoxicosis. ...
Santos Joana J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, São Teotónio Hospital , - - 2013
VACTERL association (OMIM 192350) is a non-random combination of multiple congenital malformations including vertebral, anal, cardiac, tracheoesophageal, renal and limb anomalies. The wide spectrum of defects suggests the occurrence of defective development during early embryogenesis. The authors report a case of a complex polymalformative association detected by ultrasound in the ...
Reinhard Joscha - - 2013
Objective/Aims: To investigate the presence of signal ambiguity of intrapartum fetal heart rate (FHR) monitoring during delivery by comparing simultaneous cardiotocogram (CTG), abdominal fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) with continuous maternal ECG. Methods: A total of 144 simultaneous CTG (Corometrics(©) 250 series), abdominal fetal ECG (Monica AN24™) and maternal ECG (Monica AN24™) ...
Sawant Rahul D - - 2013
Left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) is a rare form of cardiomyopathy. This case reviews a woman with familial LVNC (EF 45%, NYHA class I, evidence of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia pre-pregnancy) who had significant decompensation with heart failure in the third trimester that required early delivery. Deterioration in symptoms and LV function ...
Messing Baruch - - 2013
Background: Fetal tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (f-TAPSE) is a modified method to measure the vertical movement of the tricuspid valve annulus by M-mode to assess the fetal right heart. It is well-recognized in pediatric and adult cardiology to evaluate right heart function, but has not been widely studied in ...
Ruys Titia P E - - 2013
Although its prevalence is relatively low in pregnant women, heart disease is the most important cause of maternal mortality. Problems may arise due to hemodynamic burden and the hypercoagulable state of pregnancy. Heart disease may be congenital or acquired. In developed countries, the former composes the biggest part of women ...
Akinwusi Patience Olayinka - - 2013
To determine the incidence of heart failure during pregnancy and incriminated cardiac lesions, as well as maternal and fetal outcomes in Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital (LTH), Osogbo, Southwest Nigeria. This study was a retrospective, descriptive review of all cases of heart failure during pregnancy based on data ...
Moertl Manfred Georg - - 2013
The autonomic nervous system plays a central role in the functioning of systems critical for the homeostasis maintenance. However, its role in the cardiovascular adaptation to pregnancy-related demands is poorly understood. We explored the maternal cardiovascular systems throughout pregnancy to quantify pregnancy-related autonomic nervous system adaptations. Continuous monitoring of heart ...
Husain Aysha - - 2013
Fetal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is the most common form of fetal tachycardia. If started early in pregnancy, it can cause non-immune fetal hydrops. Echocardiography is the preferred method for the diagnosis with simultaneous pulsed Doppler recording from the superior vena cava and ascending aorta. Transplacental therapy with digoxin is the ...
Linask Kersti K - - 2013
Extrapolating from animal studies to human pregnancy, our studies showed that folate (FA) deficiency as well as one-time exposure to environmental factors in the first two to three weeks of human gestation can result in severe congenital heart defects (CHDs). Considering that approximately 49% of pregnancies are unplanned, this period ...
Kilic I D - - 2013
Left-ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) represents an arrest in the normal process of myocardial compaction, resulting in multiple, prominent, persistant trabeculations and deep inter-trabecular recesses communicating with the ventricular cavity. LVNC is a rarely encountered cardiomyopathy and few cases have been reported in pregnancy. In this case report we present a patient ...
Neilson James P - - 2013
Hypoxaemia during labour can alter the shape of the fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) waveform, notably the relation of the PR to RR intervals, and elevation or depression of the ST segment. Technical systems have therefore been developed to monitor the fetal ECG during labour as an adjunct to continuous electronic fetal ...
López-Cepero Ronald - - 2013
The presence of a major congenital anomaly is a frequent indication for late termination of pregnancy. The possibility of the fetus being born alive is significant, thus, feticide prior to the procedure is desirable. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of lidocaine 1% as ...
Pildner von Steinburg Stephanie - - 2013
Aim. There is no consensus about the normal fetal heart rate. Current international guidelines recommend for the normal fetal heart rate (FHR) baseline different ranges of 110 to 150 beats per minute (bpm) or 110 to 160 bpm. We started with a precise definition of "normality" and performed a retrospective ...
Zhanje Fitzgerald T - - 2013
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a dilated cardiomyopathy in which left ventricular systolic dysfunction and symptoms of heart failure occur between the late stages of pregnancy and the early postpartum period. It is relatively uncommon. In this case report I describe the development of PPCM in the first pregnancy of a ...
Jeejeebhoy Farida M - - 2013
Cardiac arrest during pregnancy is a dedicated chapter in the American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care; however, a robust maternal cardiac arrest knowledge translation strategy and emergency response plan is not usually the focus of institutional emergency preparedness programs. Although maternal cardiac arrest is rare, ...
Strandberg Linn S - - 2013
Congenital heart block (CHB) is a transplacentally acquired autoimmune disease associated with anti-Ro/SSA and anti-La/SSB maternal autoantibodies and is characterized primarily by atrioventricular (AV) block of the fetal heart. This study aims to investigate whether the T-type calcium channel subunit α1G may be a fetal target of maternal sera autoantibodies ...
Faro R - - 2013
Data on rates of cesarean delivery among pregnancies diagnosed with genetic syndromes remains limited. We examined the cesarean delivery rates for Down syndrome pregnancies over a 10-year period in the US. We used data from the 1995-2004 US delivery data files to examine cesarean delivery rates in singleton pregnancies (at ...
Gupta Madhu M Department of Anaesthesiology, ESI-PGIMSR, Basaidara Pur, New Delhi, - - 2013
A 31-year-antenatal lady with critical mitral stenosis presented for emergency caesarean section with fetal distress. She had acute onset atrial fibrillation. She was given a combined spinal epidural (CSE) anaesthesia and her arrhythmia was successfully managed after delivery of the baby with intravenous calcium channel blocker. Mitral stenosis is the ...
Xiao Junjie J Regeneration Lab and Experimental Center of Life Sciences, Shanghai University Shanghai 200444, China ; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Bio-Energy Crops, School of Life Science, Shanghai University Shanghai 200444, - - 2013
Cardiac hypertrophy is a compensatory response of the heart to maintain its pumping capacity. Cardiac hypertrophy can be divided into pathological hypertrophy and physiological hypertrophy. The major forms of physiological hypertrophy include developing in response to developmental maturation, exercise, and pregnancy, which is adaptive and beneficial. Exercise has well-known beneficial ...
Yozgat Yilmaz Y Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Izmir Dr. Behcet Uz Children's Hospital, 35210 Izmir, - - 2013
Rhythms that derive from parts of atria other than the sinus node are called premature atrial contractions (PACs). Vast majority of fetal PACs are idiopathic. Fetal PACs usually have a good prognosis and disappear spontaneously during pregnancy or after delivery. Development of fetal tachycardia or fetal bradycardia is rarely reported ...
Martin Sean S Maternity Unit, Wishaw General Hospital, 50 Netherton Street, Wishaw, South Lanarkshire ML2 0DP, - - 2013
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is an uncommon disease of pregnancy, occurring in about 1 in 2000 live births, and is characterized by the development of heart failure, due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction. It is associated with high rates of maternal and neonatal mortality. Cardiac disease is the leading cause of ...
Tsubamoto H H Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hyogo College of Medicine, Hyogo, Japan. - - 2013
Early detection of ovarian pregnancy (OP) is essential for successful laparoscopic conservative surgery. However, early preoperative ultrasonography-based diagnosis is often difficult when fetal cardiac activity or the yolk sac is absent. The authors report a case of OP diagnosed at eight weeks gestational age in a natural pregnancy. The patient ...
Axt-Fliedner R - - 2012
Purpose: Hypoplastic left heart (HLH) is one of the most common forms of cardiac abnormality detectable during gestation by fetal echocardiography. Antenatal diagnosis allows for appropriate counseling and time to consider treatment options. We report the actual outcome data after fetal diagnosis of HLH. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of ...
Ortiz M R - - 2012
We evaluated the effect of fetal respiratory movements (RM) on the heart rate (HR) fractal dynamics.Abdominal ECG recordings were collected from low-middle-risk pregnant woman at rest. Mean gestational age was 34.8 ± 3.7 weeks. Ultrasound images were simultaneously acquired determining if RM were exhibited by fetuses. 13 pairs of HR series were compared. ...
Guimiot F - - 2012
We report on the first prenatally diagnosed interstitial 8p23.1 maternally inherited deletion. At 20 weeks of gestation (WG) the fetus was diagnosed with a complete atrioventricular canal. In infancy, the mother underwent a two-step cardiac surgery for an interrupted aortic arch type A associated to an inlet ventricular septal defect ...
Liu Hua - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To summarize pregnancy outcomes among a cohort of Chinese women with congenital heart disease (CHD) and to identify predictive risk factors for maternal, fetal, and neonatal complications. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 529 women with CHD who gave birth at the Shanghai Obstetrical Cardiology Intensive Care Center, Shanghai, China, ...
Csáky-Szunyogh Melinda - - 2012
Abstract Objective. In general the analytical epidemiological studies evaluated cases with congenital heart defects together. However, different congenital heart defect entities have different etiology, and in the vast majority of patients the underlying causes are unclear. Thus the objective of the study was to evaluate the possible etiological factors in ...
Branch David Ware - - 2012
One third of deliveries in the United States are by cesarean, a rate that far exceeds that recommended by professional organizations and experts. A dominant reason for the high overall cesarean rate is the rising primary cesarean rate. The high primary cesarean rate results from multiple factors, both clinical and ...
Walton Janelle R - - 2012
The main goals of fetal surveillance are to avoid fetal death and to recognize the fetus that will benefit from early intervention with resuscitation or delivery. Surveillance can occur in the antepartum or intrapartum period. Continuous fetal heart rate monitoring is the most common form of surveillance in the intrapartum ...
Pitaluga P C S F - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of eCG or estradiol cypionate (ECP) during the proestrus period on estrus occurrence, ovarian responses, and pregnancy per AI (P/AI) in suckled Bos indicus beef cows subjected to timed AI (TAI) protocols. A total of 393 cows in random stages ...
Nanda Surabhi - - 2012
Cardiac disease is the leading cause of maternal mortality in the UK. The major causes of cardiac deaths in pregnancy include cardiomyopathy, myocardial infarction, ischaemic heart disease and dissection of the thoracic aorta. With increasing numbers of migrant women in the UK, rheumatic heart disease in pregnancy has also re-emerged. ...
Cha Seulgi - - 2012
We hypothesized that fetal echocardiography (echoCG) is an accurate diagnostic tool reflecting well postnatal echoCG findings and outcomes. We reviewed the medical records of 290 pregnant women, including 313 fetuses, who were examined by fetal echoCG at the Seoul National University Children's Hospital from January 2008 through April 2011. The ...
Vijayan V - - 2012
The anticoagulation of choice for mechanical heart valves is the oral anticoagulant warfarin. Warfarin is associated with increased risk of miscarriage, intrauterine fetal deaths and warfarin embryopathy. This longitudical cross-over study of 5 women observed all 5 having livebirths of healthy infants after heparin-managed pregnancies. Their earlier 8 pregnancies had ...
Stewart Garrick C - - 2012
Peripartum cardiomyopathy is diagnosed in women who develop systolic heart failure in the last month of pregnancy or within 5 months of delivery. This diagnosis should not be made in women with pre-existing cardiac disease or another cause of cardiac dysfunction. To prevent delay in diagnosis and treatment, a high index ...
Edwards Andrew - - 2012
Objectives: Human fetal cardiac intervention has typically involved a percutaneous transventricular approach. In fetal lambs, a transhepatic approach to access the fetal intra-abdominal veins after exteriorization of the uterus by laparotomy has been described. We aimed to develop a percutaneous transhepatic technique for catheterization of the fetal heart at mid-gestation ...
Heuvelman Helena J - - 2012
Young women who require aortic valve replacement need information on the potential cardiac and obstetric complications of pregnancy for the different valve substitutes available. We, therefore, assessed the pregnancy outcomes in women who had received an autograft, homograft, or mechanical valve in the aortic position. Women who were pregnant after ...
Bjørgaas Marit R - - 2012
Background: Treatment with radioiodine for Graves' disease regularly increases the level of antithyroid antibodies, and transplacental passage of stimulating thyrotropin receptor antibodies (TRAb) may cause fetal hyperthyroidism. Case presentation: A 21-year-old woman with Graves' disease received radioiodine treatment to avoid use of antithyroid drugs in pregnancy. She became pregnant 4 ...
Borrell Antoni - - 2012
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the best method of combining the fetal nuchal translucency (NT) and ductus venosus (DV) blood flow in the detection of cardiac defects in chromosomally normal fetuses, during the first trimester scan. Study Design: During an 8-year period NT and the DV ...
Llurba E - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the relation between fetal heart defects and maternal serum placental growth factor (PlGF), a marker of placental angiogenesis, because animal models demonstrated an association between angiogenesis and abnormal heart development. Methods: Maternal serum PLGF, pregnancy associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) at 11-13 ...
Carvalho N A T - - 2012
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) treatment on ovarian follicular response, luteal function, and pregnancy in buffaloes subjected to a timed artificial insemination (TAI) protocol during the nonbreeding season. In experiment 1, 59 buffalo cows were randomly assigned to two groups (with and ...
Cornette J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Many women with structural heart disease reach reproductive age and contemplate motherhood. Pregnancy induces and requires major hemodynamic changes. Pregnant women with structural heart disease may have a reduced cardiac reserve. There are no longitudinal data on cardiovascular adaptation throughout pregnancy in women with structural heart disease. METHODS: Thirty-five ...
El Guindi Wael - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the value of 3D ultrasound in the prenatal assessment of fetal cardiovascular anomalies through offline diagnosis and/or second opinion (e.g. via internet link). METHODS: A retrospective offline analysis of volume datasets of fetuses diagnosed with cardiovascular anomalies by 2D ultrasound was conducted. RESULTS: Thirty-three fetuses with 38 ...
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