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Results 151 - 200 of 1425
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Mhallem Gziri Mina - - 2013
Anthracyclines are used to treat cancers during the second and third trimester of pregnancy. Chemotherapeutic effect of anthracyclines is associated with a dose- and time-dependent cardiotoxicity which is well described for infants and adults. However, data regarding fetal anthracycline-related cardiotoxicity after administration of chemotherapeutics during pregnancy are very limited. In ...
Balli Sevket - - 2013
We investigated cardiac function in 67 fetuses of gestational diabetic mothers (FGDMs) and 122 fetuses of healthy mothers between 24 and 36 weeks of gestation. Cardiac functions were evaluated by M-mode, pulsed-wave, and tissue Doppler echocardiography. Fetal echocardiograms were performed at 24, 28, 32, and 36 weeks of gestation. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) ...
Tulzer Gerald - - 2013
Fetal congenital heart disease may progress during pregnancy and may lead to irreversible myocardial or pulmonary damage. The rationale of fetal intracardiac interventions is to change fetal hemodynamics, prevent secondary damage and improve long-term outcome at an acceptable risk for mother and fetus. This review focuses on the current experience ...
Khalil Asma - - 2013
Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are the leading cause of infant mortality due to birth defects. In the last 15 years, with the shift in screening for aneuploidies to the first trimester, extensive research has concentrated on early screening and detection of CHDs. Early detailed assessment of the fetal heart requires ...
Margulis Andrea V - - 2013
PURPOSE: Research on the association of maternal selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) use and cardiac malformations in the offspring has yielded conflicting findings. We therefore sought to further investigate the association using data from a large population-based cohort in the UK. METHODS: The study population consisted of 149 464 pregnancies ending ...
Lin Tzu-Hung - - 2013
Fetal intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in utero is a rare complication of pregnancy associated with subsequent neurological sequelae or fetal death. A 34-year-old woman with Crohn's disease presented at 36 weeks' gestation due to decreased fetal movement. Fetal heart-rate tracing indicated poor beat-to-beat variability. In addition, a Doppler ultrasonography suggested a ...
Ercan Suleyman - - 2013
Herein, we present a case of asymptomatic isolated cardiac cystic echinococcosis localized entirely to the inter-atrial septum in a pregnant woman. The patient underwent successful surgery. Cardiac cystic echinococcosis is rarely seen in pregnancy. A high index of suspicion is necessary for the diagnosis of a cardiac cyst hydatid. The ...
Zidere Vita - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: to compare the echocardiographic findings at <15 weeks gestation with a later follow-up scan, and determine both the accuracy of early diagnosis and the frequency of findings that change. METHODS: In the period 2002 to end 2009, all patients with a detailed fetal echocardiogram at less than 15 completed ...
Conforti Valéria A - - 2013
Artificial insemination (AI) in cats traditionally uses equine and human chorionic gonadotropins (eCG/hCG) to induce follicular development and ovulation, with subsequent bilateral laparoscopic intra-uterine insemination. However, long-acting hCG generates undesirable secondary ovulations in cats. Uterine AI also requires relatively high numbers of spermatozoa for fertilization (~8x10(6)), and unfortunately, sperm recovery ...
Zhu Shasha - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the most common form of malformation during embryonic development. Circulating miRNAs have recently been shown to serve as diagnostic/prognostic biomarkers in patients with cancers. Our current study focused on the altered expression of maternal serum miRNAs and their correlation with fetal CHD. Methodology/Principle Findings ...
Cohen Wayne R - - 2013
We thank Dr. Fuchs and his colleagues for their comments about our study (1). They ask how frequently the FHR tracing from the abdominal fetal ECG technique (afECG) was of sufficient quality to be used clinically. Our study was not designed to answer that specific question, but we can draw ...
Ugwumadu Austin - - 2013
Widespread use of fetal heart rate monitoring for intrapartum fetal surveillance preceded our detailed understanding of the behaviour and regulation of the fetal cardiovascular system during labour. The fetal heart rate is sensitive to fetal hypoxaemia and hypoxia, but lacks specificity for fetal acidosis, the end point of unmitigated hypoxaemia ...
Ghawi Hani - - 2013
Myocardial performance index (MPI), or Tei index, has become a commonly used parameter for the noninvasive, Doppler-derived assessment of global systolic and diastolic performance of the heart in both adults and children. Normal values have been established in adults and children; however, limited data exist in fetal hearts. The aim of ...
Burlingame J - - 2013
Objective:The objective of this study was to report thoracic impedance cardiography (ICG) measurements and compare them with echocardiography (echo) measurements throughout pregnancy and in varied maternal positions.Method:A prospective cohort study involving 28 healthy parturients was performed using ICG and echo at three time points and in two maternal positions. Pearson's ...
Metz Torri D - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the impact of pregnancy on long-term cardiac outcomes in women with prior surgery for congenital pulmonary valve anomalies. STUDY DESIGN: Data on all reproductive age women with prior pulmonary valve repair or replacement, cared for at a tertiary institution over a 10-year period, were analyzed. Kaplan Meier ...
Lim Janice - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to assess the accuracy of ultrasound anatomy screening before 17 weeks gestation in a population at high risk of fetal anomalies. METHODS: Retrospective review of anatomy ultrasound examinations done between 12-17 weeks gestation in a high risk population. Early sonographic findings were compared with the 18-22 week anatomy ...
Maeda Mariane de Fátima Y - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To determine the influence of fetal acidemia on fetal heart rate (FHR) parameters analyzed by computerized cardiotocography (cCTG) in pregnancies with placental insufficiency. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 46 pregnancies with placental insufficiency between 26 and 34 weeks gestation by abnormal umbilical artery Doppler (PI>95p). Results: ...
Lapierre Chantale - - 2013
Congenital heart diseases (CHDs) carry a high prevalence rate in the general population (0.8%-1%). Most fetal CHDs occur in patients without any risk factors. The prenatal recognition of CHD has major impacts on the pregnancy and its outcome. The aforementioned data justify prenatal ultrasound (US) screening of CHD in the ...
Aasa Kristiina L - - 2013
Preconception or gestationally-induced diabetes increases morbidities and elevates long-term cardiovascular disease risks in women and their children. Spontaneously hyperglycemic (d)-NOD/ShiLtJ females, a type 1 diabetes model, develop bradycardia and hypotension after midpregnancy compared with normoglycemic, age and gestation day (gd)-matched controls (c-NOD). We hypothesized that onset of the placental circulation ...
Salehi Rezvanie R Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2013
Prosthetic mechanical valves have a high risk condition for patients in pregnancy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of pregnancy in mothers with prosthetic heart valves. In this cross sectional study, we compared incidence of thromboembolic attacks abortion and maternal and fetal complications in 19 patients ...
Fuchs Tomasz - - 2013
We have found the article by Cohen and co-workers in the November issue of AOGS, regarding fetal heart function monitoring with electrodes placed on the abdomen of a pregnant woman during labor (fECG), very interesting (1). We are particularly interested in the ratio of cases in which achievement of an ...
Giles Wayne R - - 2013
It is established that in healthy human pregnancies there are changes in cardiovascular status, including a significant (approximately 15 - 20 %) increase in resting heart rate.(1) Although the underlying mechanism(s) are not well understood, it has been suggested that this pregnancy-related elevation in heart rate may be mediated by ...
El Khoury Nabil - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is associated with a faster heart rate (HR), which is a risk factor for arrhythmias. However, the underlying mechanisms for this increased HR are poorly understood. Therefore, this study was performed to gain mechanistic insight into the pregnancy-induced increase in HR. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using surface ECG we ...
Tao R R Hoglund Brain Imaging Center, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, - - 2013
This study sought to characterize the developmental changes of three measures used to describe the morphology of the fetal cardiac vector: QRS peak-amplitude, QRS duration and QRS time-amplitude integral. To achieve this objective, we rely on a recently developed methodology for fetal cardiac vector estimation, using multichannel fetal magnetocardiographic (fMCG) ...
Stout Molly J - - 2013
Pregnancy management with mechanical heart valves is best done collaboratively with experienced cardiologists and maternal fetal medicine specialists. All anticoagulation options are associated with risks and benefits. Pregnancy is one situation in which the benefit of warfarin use may outweigh the risks. In light of the absence of definitive research ...
Lliescu D - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the potential of first-trimester sonography in the detection of fetal abnormalities using an extended protocol that was achievable with reasonable resources of time, personnel and ultrasound equipment. METHODS: This was a prospective two-center 2-year study of 5472 consecutive unselected pregnant women examined at 12 to 13+6 gestational ...
Dipietro Janet A - - 2013
Contemporaneous associations between circulating maternal organochlorines (OCs) and measures of fetal heart rate and motor activity were evaluated. A panel of 47 OCs, including pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), was analyzed from serum of 50 pregnant women at 36 weeks gestation. Data were empirically reduced into four factors and six ...
Ferrer M S - - 2013
In this study, a database of fetal and maternal parameters was developed in pregnant alpacas from 120 days of gestation to term for evaluation of fetal well-being and development. Ten pregnancies were examined every 2 weeks from 120 to 300 days of gestation, then weekly until parturition. Five more pregnancies ...
Mahendru Amita A - - 2013
There is compelling evidence that factors before pregnancy and around implantation may have a bearing on maternal cardiovascular adaptation to pregnancy and subsequent pregnancy outcome. Prospective studies from before pregnancy are associated with difficulties in recruitment, low conception rates, early pregnancy loss and low retention of participants during pregnancy and ...
McBrien A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to document the changes in the normal embryonic/fetal cardiac axis in the late first and early second trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: Images from 188 fetal echocardiograms performed prospectively between 8 and 15 weeks gestation in 166 healthy pregnancies and in 10 with severe fetal heart disease were ...
Sato Yuka - - 2013
Dural sinus malformation (DSM) is a rare congenital malformation characterized by a dilated dural sinus pouch. We present a case of prenatally diagnosed DSM and propose a parameter to predict poor fetal outcome. Detailed ultrasonography at 26 weeks of our patient showed an intracranial cyst in the left posterior fossa. ...
Bojanić Katarina - - 2013
PURPOSE: Isolated cor triatriatum sinistrum (CTS) is a heart malformation in which a perforated fibromuscular membrane divides the left atrium into two chambers. When communication between these chambers is restricted, a patient may have signs and symptoms of mitral stenosis. The later stages of pregnancy are associated with tachycardia and ...
Adebo Dilachew - - 2013
We describe in utero anatomic evolution and postnatal outcome of complete common atrioventricular canal defect (CCAVCD). Retrospective data on 31 fetuses with CCAVCD were analyzed. We reviewed prenatal and postnatal echocardiograms, karyotype, and postnatal outcomes. A total of 20 fetuses had complete data, 18 with serial fetal echocardiograms and postnatal ...
Carboni Simona - - 2013
this case report highlights the important role of a multidisciplinary team's task in the care of pregnant women with Marfan's syndrome (MFS), a systemic disorder of connective tissue that is transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. a 42 year-old italian pregnant woman with Marfan's syndrome and degenerative heart disease (aneurysmatic ...
Giacobbe Annamaria - - 2013
Sjögren's syndrome is a rare systemic autoimmune disorder associated with pregnancy (0.3-0.6%). The typical occurrence of anti-Ro/SSA and anti-La/SSB autoantibodies in the maternal serum can modify the perinatal outcome: neonatal lupus and congenital heart block are the most common fetal complications. we report a case of pregnancy complicated by a ...
Aursulesei Viviana V Discipline of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Grigore T. Popa" - - - 2013
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition that occurs in previously healthy women during the last month of pregnancy and up to 5-6 months postpartum. The etiology and pathophysiology remain uncertain, although recent observations strongly suggest the specific role of prolactin cleavage secondary to unbalanced peri/postpartum oxidative ...
Dhar H H Department of obstetrics and gynecology, Nizwa Regional Referral Hospital, Sultanate of - - 2013
Chorioangioma of the placenta is a common benign vascular tumour of the placenta consisting of blood vessels and stroma. Most of these tumours are small and have no adverse impact on the fetus. Large tumours are associated with complications affecting mother and the fetus which may cause intrauterine fetal death. ...
Mishra V N VN Dept of Medicine, Pt JNM Medical College and BRAM Hospital, Raipur, - - 2013
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare type of cardiomyopathy of unknown aetiology associated with significant mortality and morbidity and characterized by heart failure in late pregnancy or puerperium. Recently PPCM workshop committee has recommended inclusion of echocardiographic features of LV dysfunction to redefine PPCM. Subsequent pregnancies are associated with a ...
Plu Isabelle - - 2013
A 43-year-old full-term pregnant woman (gravida 2, para 1, medical history of gestational diabetes mellitus) developed a sudden and malignant hypertension with hemoptysis, sweat, and tachycardia during a scheduled C-section. A dead newborn was delivered and was successfully resuscitated. The mother died after resistant cardiac arrest. Autopsy and pathological analyses ...
Nell Sjoerd - - 2013
Objective: This study describes the association between the complexity of congenital cardiac and extracardiac malformations, and the parental decision of pregnancy continuation or termination. Methods: Congenital heart defects (CHD) was diagnosed by ultrasound in 251 fetuses before the 24th week (23 + 6 weeks) of gestation during the four year ...
Rosenblatt Jonathan - - 2013
Hydrops fetalis related to homozygous α-thalassemia is a rare condition in Western Europe. We report a case of fetal cardiac failure that occurred after a second-trimester diagnosis of fetal umbilical vein aneurysm that was postnatally related to α-thalassemia.
Dixon Luke - - 2013
Objective Describe potential consequences and remedy for not intermittently auscultating fetal heart tones during travel to the imaging department and misdiagnosing a ruptured uterus on ultrasound as a synechiae. Study Design Retrospective chart review of case. Results Spontaneous uterine rupture in pregnancy is a rare and catastrophic event. Fetal monitoring ...
Tranquilli Andrea L - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To quantify fetal bradycardia in the second stage of labor and to determine the threshold of the area that correlates with neonatal acidemia. Methods: We analyzed the cardiotocograms of 33 women with single pregnancy and term spontaneous labor who presented fetal bradycardia in the second stage of labor. ...
Lima Angélia Iara Felipe - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the effect that combining multiple ultrasonographic imaging methods has on the proportion of tests with a satisfactory fetal heart assessment at 12-14 weeks of pregnancy using B-mode, color Doppler, and spatiotemporal image correlation software (STIC) via both the abdominal and vaginal routes. This cross-sectional prospective study ...
Buscicchio Giorgia - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To analyze the effects of different concentrations (30% and 80%) of cocoa on fetal heart rate (FHR). Study design: One hundred pregnant women with uncomplicated gestation, matched for age and parity, underwent computerized Fetal Heart Rate (FHR) recording before and after the consumption of 30gr of 30% and ...
Hasbún Jorge - - 2013
Maternal listeriosis is often associated with mild symptoms for the patient, but fetal infection can lead to severe adverse perinatal outcome. The most described antenatal symptoms are reduced fetal movements and an abnormal fetal heart rate trace. We present a case of fetal listeriosis suspected by ultrasound findings of fetal ...
Gustafson K M KM Hoglund Brain Imaging Center and Department of Neurology, University of Kansas, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA. - - 2013
DHA (22:6n-3) supplementation during infancy has been associated with lower heart rate (HR) and improved neurobehavioral outcomes. We hypothesized that maternal DHA supplementation would improve fetal cardiac autonomic control and newborn neurobehavior. Pregnant women were randomized to 600 mg/day of DHA or placebo oil capsules at 14.4 (+/-4) weeks gestation. ...
van Balen V A Lopes - - 2013
Introduction:Hypertensive pregnancy disorders are assumed to be preceded by defective spiral artery remodeling. Whether this localized aberration at the implantation site affects the initial maternal systemic cardiovascular and renal adaptation to pregnancy is unclear. We explored in a high-risk population, whether the initial systemic maternal adaptation to pregnancy differs between ...
Kishimoto Yuki - - 2013
Background:Despite the acknowledged importance of ascorbic acid (AA) in maintaining pregnancy and normal fetal development, this vitamin's precise actions remain obscure. Therefore, we investigated the impact of maternal AA content on the growth of fetal mice during the gestation period by using senescence marker protein-30 (SMP30)/gluconolactonase (GNL) knockout (KO) mice, ...
Roemer V M - - 2013
Using the naked eye, evaluation of fetal heart-rate (FHR) patterns remains difficult and is not complete. Computer-aided analysis of the FHR offers the opportunity to analyse FHR patterns completely and to detect all changes possibly due to hypoxia and acidosis. It was the goal of this study to make these ...
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