Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1432
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Gardella Carolyn - - 2007
Genital herpes is common and is becoming more so, with a seroprevalence of 25% in middle class primary care settings. Primary genital herpes in pregnancy most often is subclinical, but it also can cause severe illness. Further, active genital herpes at the time of vaginal delivery poses significant risk of ...
Guerra Brunella - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if diagnostic tests performed in a reference laboratory and the correct interpretation and communication of results by an expert physician to the patient can reduce the rate of unnecessary abortions among women with positive cytomegalovirus (CMV) immunoglobulin M antibody titers. STUDY ...
Quemelo Paulo Roberto Veiga - - 2007
Parvovirus B19 infection was first discovered in 1975 and it is implicated in fetal death from hydrops fetalis the world over. Diagnosis is usually made through histological identification of the intranuclear inclusion in placenta and fetal organs. However, these cells may be scarce or uncharacteristic, making definitive diagnosis difficult. We ...
Friedman Jennifer F - - 2007
Currently, schistosomes infect approximately 40 million women of child-bearing age, yet little is known about schistosome-associated morbidity in pregnant women and their offspring. Animal models indicate a deleterious effect of schistosome infection on maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes. Case reports have documented maternal infection in association with poor birth outcomes, ...
Herter Ursula - - 2007
The relationship between pregnancy and both the susceptibility and pathogenicity of parasite infections is disputed. This study compares the prevalence and intensity (as measured by density of eggs in stool samples) of intestinal helminth infections in pregnant and control groups of women from Khon Kaen Province in the northeast of ...
Córdoba Laura - - 2007
West Nile fever outbreaks in the USA have caused over 700 human deaths, primarily due to neurological disease. The usual transmission route of West Nile virus (WNV) involves mosquito bites; however, alternative routes, including intrauterine infection, have also been reported. Here, the pathogenicity of WNV in mice during gestation has ...
Rana Sarosh - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We describe a case where Mirror syndrome was characterized by altered levels of antiangiogenic proteins (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 [sFlt1] and soluble endoglin). CASE: We describe a pregnant patient with severe fetal and placental edema induced by congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection that was associated with preeclampsia. Fetal CMV ...
Macejko Amanda M - - 2007
Urinary tract infections are common complications of pregnancy; upper tract infections in particular may lead to significant morbidity for both the mother and fetus. Bacteriuria is a significant risk factor for developing pyelonephritis in pregnant women. Therefore, proper screening and treatment of bacteriuria during pregnancy is necessary to prevent complications. ...
Shrim Alon - - 2007
Urologic medical conditions are not frequently encountered during pregnancy. Still, urologists often are asked to treat pregnant patients for conditions that require prescriptions. In the generally healthy population of pregnant women, the use of pharmaceutical agents is usually reserved for women who have either infections or necessary surgical procedures. This ...
Duran Adriana S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To quantify primary resistance mutations (PRMs) among HIV-1-infected women receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cell samples from HIV-1-infected women enrolled in a prospective cohort study in Argentina, the Bahamas, Brazil, and Mexico (NISDI Perinatal Study) were assayed for PRMs. Eligible ...
Lefevre-Pettazzoni M - - 2007
The objective of the present study was to investigate the maturation of immunoglobulin G (IgG) avidity after Toxoplasma gondii seroconversion during pregnancy and the factors that affect IgG avidity over time. The study used 309 serum samples from 117 women and a multiple linear mixed regression analysis to show the ...
Ostrowski S R - - 2007
The blood level of soluble urokinase receptor (suPAR) is increased and associated with a poor clinical or fatal outcome in children with acute malaria. This study hypothesized that the suPAR level would be associated with foetal outcome in maternal malaria. suPAR was measured by ELISA in maternal and cord plasma ...
Bánhidy Ferenc - - 2007
Maternal urinary tract infections in pregnancy showed an association with a higher rate of preterm birth in previous studies. The aim of this study was to check this relationship, and in addition to evaluate the efficacy of recent medical treatments. The population-based large control (without any defects) data set of ...
Martí Covadonga - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The unquestionable benefit of antiretroviral therapy in reducing the rate of mother-to-child transmission can be lessened by potential maternal or neonatal toxicity. OBJECTIVE: To analyze obstetric and perinatal complications in a cohort of HIV-infected pregnant women and their relationship with maternal antiretroviral therapy. POPULATION: One hundred and sixty-seven HIV-infected ...
Briand Nelly - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To respond to the primary safety objective of the Perinatal HIV Prevention Trial 1 (PHPT-1) by studying the evolution of haematological parameters according to zidovudine exposure duration in HIV-1-infected pregnant women. DESIGN: Multicenter, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial of different durations of zidovudine prophylaxis. SETTING: 27 hospitals in Thailand. PARTICIPANTS: ...
Hirnle Lidia - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The presence of fibronectin fragments has been observed in some inflammatory diseases and is believed to reflect tissue breakdown. In this study, possible fibronectin fragmentation and alterations in its domain and sialyl and fucosyl glycotope expressions were analyzed in amniotic fluids in relation to intrauterine infection. METHODS: Samples of ...
Natarajan U - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Nevirapine has been widely used in pregnancy for its efficacy, low pill burden, bioavailability and rapid transplacental transfer. Concern about nevirapine toxicity during pregnancy has emerged over recent years. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to document the frequency of cutaneous and hepatic toxicity secondary to nevirapine use ...
Innes Elisabeth A - - 2007
The protozoan parasite Neospora caninum is an important cause of reproductive disease in cattle worldwide. The dog is a definitive host for the parasite and the oocyst stage, shed in the faeces, is a source of infection for cattle through consumption of contaminated feed or water. In addition, transplacental transmission ...
Kanková Sárka - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to confirm that women with latent toxoplasmosis have developmentally younger fetuses at estimated pregnancy week 16 and to test four exclusive hypotheses that could explain the observed data. In the present retrospective cohort study we analysed by the GLM (general linear model) method data ...
Dimetry Shaira R SR Community Medicine Department, Zagazig Faculty of Medicine, Egypt. - - 2007
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) during pregnancy are among the commonest health problems world wide, specially in developing countries, including Egypt. It has several adverse outcomes not only on the mother but also on the fetus as well.. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of UTIs during ...
Berri M - - 2007
Q fever is a zoonosis caused by the obligate intracellular bacterium, Coxiella burnetii. Aborting domestic ruminants are the main source of human infection. In January 2003, an abortion episode occurred in a dairy caprine herd where 18/60 (30%) goats experienced reproductive problems: 4/60 (7%) aborted and 14/60 (23%) had stillbirths. ...
Sauerbrei A - - 2007
Varicella during pregnancy can be associated with severe illnesses for both the mother and her neonate. Varicella pneumonia must be regarded as a medical emergency, since pregnant women are at risk of life-threatening ventilatory compromise and death. After maternal chickenpox in the first and second trimesters, congenital varicella syndrome may ...
Unadkat Jashvant D - - 2007
Human immunodeficiency virus-infected women (n=16) received indinavir (800 mg three times a day) plus zidovudine plus lamivudine from 14 to 28 weeks of gestation to 12 weeks postpartum. Two women and eight infants experienced grade 3 or 4 toxicities that were possibly treatment related. Indinavir area under the plasma concentration-time ...
Stepan Holger - - 2007
Initial studies have demonstrated the significance of the agonistic angiotensin II receptor AT1 autoantibody (AT1-AA) in preeclampsia, although it is unclear what factors induce its generation. Since the epitope recognized by AT1-AA shares high homology with parvovirus B19 (PVB19) capsid proteins, we have investigated the relationship between the presence of ...
Lehtinen Matti - - 2006
Vaccines against high-risk (hr) human papillomaviruses (HPVs) causing cervical cancer may soon be licensed. Thus, nature of HPV epidemics needs to be studied now. Random sampling for studies on HPV epidemiology was done from all 230,998 women belonging to the population-based Finnish Maternity Cohort and having a minimum of 2 ...
López-Pérez Inmaculada C - - 2006
Neospora caninum has been recognized as a major cause of infectious bovine abortion worldwide. In the present study, the effect of N. caninum infection in mice at the 3 gestation periods (first, second, and third period) was investigated. In dams, tissue distribution of N. caninum was evaluated by nested polymerase ...
Marchand Monique - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of ureterocystoneostomy to correct vesicoureteral reflux is to thereby prevent recurrent febrile urinary tract infections (UTIs). The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of UTI in adult women who underwent reimplantation as children, with the emphasis on infections during pregnancy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Included ...
Heckeroth A R - - 2007
Neospora caninum is a tissue cyst-forming coccidium that may cause neuromuscular disorders in dogs. Infected bitches can transmit the parasite to their pups in utero. Vertical transmission may occur after primary infection during pregnancy and in subsequent pregnancies. The reason why only a few pups develop clinical neosporosis is unknown. ...
Gomez-Carrillo Manuel - - 2006
Worldwide, the distribution of HIV-1 subtypes and intersubtype recombinants is not homogeneous. In Latin America and the Caribbean, HIV-1 subtype B predominates. However, in the south of Brazil and in countries of the Southern cone (Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay) there is a different distribution of viral subtypes and intersubtype ...
Larsson Christer - - 2006
Relapsing-fever borreliosis caused by Borrelia duttonii is a common cause of complications of pregnancy, miscarriage, and neonatal death in sub-Saharan Africa. We established a murine model of gestational relapsing fever infection for the study of the pathological development of these complications. We demonstrate that B. duttonii infection during pregnancy results ...
Minkoff Howard - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Because parity is a reported risk factor for cervical cancer, we sought to estimate the effects of pregnancy on the prevalence, incident detection, and copy number of human papillomavirus (HPV) among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected women, patients at high risk for cervical cancer. METHODS: Human immunodeficiency virus-infected women who ...
Martin Fabiola - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To document postpartum disease-free survival of HIV-infected women taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy. METHODS: Laboratory and clinical data were collected on all HIV-infected pregnant women delivering from 1998 to 2002 and followed up until September 2004 at 6 hospitals in London. Mothers were grouped according to receipt of ...
de Haan Timo R - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Facilitate risk assessment of vital complications in fetuses of pregnancies affected by acute parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection. DESIGN: Study of the natural course of maternal B19V infection in four cases, from early pregnancy on. SETTING: University Medical Center in the Netherlands. POPULATION: Pregnant mothers attending obstetric services. METHODS: Serial ...
La Torre Renato - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Serological testing for primary maternal cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection during pregnancy is not routine, but ultrasound studies are routine. Therefore, we evaluated placental thickening in women with primary CMV infection during pregnancy. METHODS: The study included 92 women with primary CMV infection during pregnancy and 73 CMV-seropositive pregnant women without ...
Jarusiewicz Jamie A - - 2006
Thin layer chromatography was used to analyze the glucose and maltose concentrations of the digestive gland-gonad complex (DGG) of uninfected-estivated Biomphalaria glabrata snails and estivated B. glabrata patently infected with Schistosoma mansoni. All snails were estivated in a most chamber at a relative humidity of 98+/-1% and a temperature of ...
Srinivas Sindhu K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Second trimester pregnancy loss continues to be a poorly understood adverse obstetric outcome. A case control study was performed to determine if: (1) similar to early spontaneous preterm birth, second trimester loss is associated with histologic chorioamnionitis (HCA); and (2) if HCA is present, which organisms may mediate this ...
Fox Paige M - - 2006
VRS1 is the first isolated strain of vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) found to carry the vanA gene complex previously described in Enterococcus. Under vancomycin pressure, VRS1 makes aberrant cell walls consisting of stem tetrapeptide and depsipeptide that lack the terminal D-Ala-D-Ala residues targeted by vancomycin. Previous data have suggested that ...
Lisco Andrea - - 2006
To investigate the impact of pregnancy on human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) reactivation in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected women, the HHV-8 DNA presence and load were analyzed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and cervicovaginal secretions (CVSs) from 15 pregnant women coinfected with HIV-1 and HHV-8. HHV-8 detection was ...
Chisaka Hiroshi - - 2006
Parvovirus B19 is a small DNA virus. Infection with parvovirus B19 during pregnancy may cause serious complications in the fetus, including hydrops fetalis and fetal death. The purpose of the present study is to clarify the clinical manifestations and outcomes of parvovirus B19 infection during pregnancy. This prospective study enrolled ...
Samsioe Annika - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A picornavirus (Ljunganvirus [LV]) has recently been associated with disease during pregnancy in its natural rodent reservoir and in humans. A study of laboratory mice infected under controlled conditions was therefore undertaken. METHODS: CD-1 female mice were infected gestational day two and subjected to varying regimes of stress. RESULTS: ...
Sánchez J - - 2006
Pregnant goats were inoculated subcutaneosly with Coxiella burnetii and the course of infection was studied. Abortion in the last third of pregnancy occurred in all infected animals. Tissues from the placenta and other organs were studied before and after abortion by immunohistochemistry and PCR analysis. After infection, mild lesions were ...
Gharagozlou M J - - 2006
Naturally occurring cryptosporidiosis is reported in turkey poults suffering from diarrhoea and unthriftness in Iran. Histological and ultrastructural studies revealed high number of Cryptosporidium developmental stages mainly located in the mid and terminal portions of small intestine of the poults. Other portions of the intestinal tract were less frequently infected. ...
Senise J F - - 2006
It is currently recommended that antiretroviral prophylaxis to prevent mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV be initiated at 14 weeks of gestation. However, the relevance of early-gestation HIV viral load level for intrauterine MTCT is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between prenatal maternal viral load ...
Gajewska Malgorzata - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate: 1) The prevalence of human papillomavirus (types 6 and 11 carrying a low risk of neoplasia, and type 16 implicated as cause of cervical neoplasia and cancer) in normal pregnant women and pregnant renal transplant recipients. 2) The correlation between maternal ...
Candotti Daniel - - 2006
Plasma samples obtained at delivery from 885 pregnant Ghanaian women were tested for human parvovirus B19 DNA and B19-specific antibodies. Maternal-fetal transmission was evaluated by testing paired maternal plasma and umbilical cord blood samples, as well as newborn whole-blood samples when they were available. The B19 DNA seroprevalence rate in ...
Waduge Ranmali - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a major public health problem in several countries. Few reports document presentations and outcomes of dengue during pregnancy. In many endemic countries as the average age of getting dengue infections is shifting upwards, dengue in pregnancy is likely to be encountered more frequently. Patterns of dengue in ...
Arav-Boger Ravit - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common congenital infection in humans. The effect of viral strains on the outcome of congenital CMV is debated. We evaluated whether UL144 polymorphisms in amniotic fluid from CMV-infected Italian women were associated with terminations of pregnancy, subsequent disease in their offspring, or viral load. ...
Indolfi Giuseppe - - 2006
Vertical transmission is the most common route of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in children. Transmission risk factors have been described, but most risk factors can only be evaluated using expensive laboratory exams. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether maternal alanine transaminase (ALT) levels before pregnancy ...
Al Hammadi Anwar - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This article provides a practical overview of dermatologic medication use in pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: The therapeutics of the following common dermatoses are reviewed: acne, psoriasis, and bacterial, fungal, viral, and parasitic infections. Antipruritic, analgesic, and topical anesthetic use in pregnancy is reviewed as well. CONCLUSIONS: At the end, the reader ...
Belachew Tefera - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: to determine anemia and its risk factors among pregnant women METHODS: A cross-sectional analytic study was carried out among pregnant women who came for antenatal care follow up for the first time to Jimma University hospital, Jimma town, southwestern Ethiopia from May-June 2005. RESULTS: A total of 168 pregnant ...
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