Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1430
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Tamburrini Enrica - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In pregnant women taking antiretroviral treatment at conception treatment may be transiently stopped for safety concerns. Limited data are available on the consequences of such discontinuations. METHODS: We used data from a national study to compare different treatment pathways during pregnancy. Overall, 321 women were evaluated and classified into ...
Kravetz Jeffrey - - 2008
Infection with Toxoplasma gondii is asymptomatic or mild in immunocompetent people and leads to lifelong immunity, but it can have serious consequences in pregnancy. About five per thousand non-immune pregnant women may acquire toxoplasma infection, with a 10-100% risk of transmission to the baby. Risks of transmission to the baby ...
Gazi Rukhsana - - 2008
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Mobile population groups are at high risk for contracting HIV infection. Many factors contribute to this risk including high prevalence of risky behavior and increased risk of violence due to conflict and war. The Naf River serves as the primary border crossing point between Teknaf, Bangladesh and Mynamar ...
Abrahams Vikki M - - 2008
Intrauterine infections represent a significant threat to fetal well-being and pregnancy outcome. Recent studies suggest that non-immune cells of the maternal-fetal interface can actively recognize and respond to microbes through pattern recognition receptors, in order to control pathogens that may compromise the pregnancy. However, these same innate immune responses may ...
Beigi Richard H - - 2008
To augment the understanding of parvovirus B19 infection in pregnancy with respect to maternal characteristics and their corresponding fetal outcomes. Retrospective case-series of all women referred to Magee-Women_s Hospital with serologically-documented parvovirus B19 infection during pregnancy from 1998-2001. All 25 cases that are available for analysis occurred from January through ...
Muffly Tyler - - 2008
The goal of this case is to review the zoonotic infection, human granulocytic ehrlichiosis, presenting with pyrexia. Case. A 22-year-old multigravid female presented to the emergency department with a painful skin rash, high fever, and severe myalgias. The patient underwent a diagnostic evaluation for zoonotic infections due to her geographical ...
Ferran Gran Begoña Manso BM Unidad de Cardiopatías Congénitas del Adolescente y del Adulto, Unidad de Embarazo de Alto Riesgo Obstétrico, Hospital Universitario Vail d'Hebron, Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2008
Since the creation of the Adult Congenital Heart Disease Units and of the High Obstetric Risk Units, there has been increasing interest in hemodynamic and obstetric outcomes in pregnant woman with congenital heart disease. Retrospective descriptive study of 56 women with congenital heart disease aged (mean [range]) 25 (18-40) years, ...
Mesner Oded - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Because person-to-person transmission of brucellosis is exceptional, physicians who care for patients with this disease are not considered to be at increased risk. A woman in her 24th week of pregnancy who had received a diagnosis of placenta previa presented to the hospital with massive vaginal bleeding and hypovolemic ...
Moses S E - - 2008
The uptake of antenatal HIV testing in England and Scotland improved from 33% in 1998 to 92% in 2004 after implementing an opt-out policy. However, there is the potential for missing HIV seroconversion during pregnancy unless a further test is carried out between antenatal booking, which mostly occurs between 12-14 ...
Salas N A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors of congenital Chagas disease and the consequences of the disease in newborns. METHODS: Study of 2712 pregnant women and 2742 newborns in Yacuiba, south Bolivia. Chagas infection was determined serologically in mothers and parasitologically in newborns. Consequences of congenital Chagas disease were assessed clinically. ...
De Paschale M - - 2008
The decreasing prevalence of anti-Toxoplasma antibodies in Europe has re-opened the question of the appropriateness of serological screening during pregnancy. A study of 3426 pregnant women, resident in the Legnano area of Italy, revealed that the IgG seroprevalence according to ELISA was 21.5%, and that of IgM according to ELISA ...
de Haan, Timo Robert
Congenital Human Parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection can lead to life threatening fetal complications as hydrops, fetal demise or severe fetal anaemia and thrombocytopenia. Maternal symptoms frequently pass unnoticed at the time of maternal infection and there was little information on the mechanism and time course of vertical transmission of B19V ...
Menzies Fiona M - - 2008
Toxoplasmosis is a serious disease in humans where it can cause abortion or congenital infection if a women is exposed to disease for the first time during pregnancy. Infection prior to pregnancy normally results in immunity and which is capable of protecting the foetus. Similar observations have been made in ...
Forbes K M - - 2007
A review of antiretroviral prescribing, mode of delivery and pregnancy outcome was performed to assess local practice against the new British HIV Association guidelines. HIV status prior to pregnancy, antiretroviral medication, viral load, mode of delivery and pregnancy outcome were determined in 95 pregnancies recorded between 2004 and 2006 via ...
Zhang Jian-Ping - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Qinba Mountain area of Shanxi Province, China, is one of the poorest, culturally backward regions in China with a high incidence of mental retardation. To investigate whether cytomegalovirus (CMV) plays a role in the high incidence of mental retardation in this region, we studied the incidence of CMV infection ...
Zampino M R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although a predisposing role of pregnancy to Malassezia infections is referred, data on the prevalence of pityriasis versicolor (PV) in pregnant women are not available in literature. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency of PV during pregnancy, 60 pregnant women were clinically and microscopically investigated during and after pregnancy. RESULTS: ...
Gilles Marisa T - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Implementation of obstetric and neonatal interventions has reduced mother to child transmission of HIV. Health outcomes for Aboriginal people are often worse than for non-Aboriginal people; was this the case for HIV infection in pregnancy? AIMS: To compare the management and outcomes of pregnancy in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal HIV-positive ...
Van Putte-Katier Nienke - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: We studied whether maternal respiratory infections during pregnancy adversely influence lung growth and development of the offspring, resulting in poor early life lung function. METHODS: Infants were participants of the Wheezing Illnesses Study Leidsche Rijn (WHISTLER). Lung function measurements (single occlusion technique) were performed during natural sleep. Questionnaire data ...
Kopecky Dieter - - 2007
Primary infection of pregnant women with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii results in infections of the unborn by transplacental transmission in about 50% of the cases. The degree of possible damage depends on the duration of parasitical impact on fetal tissues. The web-based software system ToxoNet processes the results of serological ...
Tan H J - - 2007
This report describes a pregnant lady in early trimester that was admitted with fever and left loin pain and was initially treated as presumed pyelonephritis. Subsequently she was found to have infective endocarditis with vegetation on the mitral valve. The course of her illness was complicated by acute pulmonary edema ...
King A E - - 2007
The prevention of uterine infection is critical to appropriate fetal development and term delivery. The innate immune system is one component of the uterine environment and has a role in prevention of uterine infection. Natural antimicrobials are innate immune molecules with anti-bacterial, anti-viral and anti-fungal activity. We discuss two groups ...
Carcopino Xavier - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Q fever is a zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii. During pregnancy, it may result in obstetric complications, such as spontaneous abortion, intrauterine growth retardation, intrauterine fetal death, and premature delivery. Pregnant women are exposed to the risk of chronic Q fever. METHODS: We included 53 pregnant women who received ...
Jacquemard F - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To report early experience with treatment of intrauterine cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection using maternal oral administration of valaciclovir (VACV). DESIGN: Observational study of fetuses infected with CMV with or without treatment with valaciclovir. POPULATION: Pregnancies with confirmed fetal CMV infection were treated with oral VACV (8 g/day). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ...
Narkeviciute Irena - - 2007
Four infants are reported with varicella-Zoster virus (VZV) infection, whose mothers had varicella during the second-third trimester of pregnancy. Two newborns had neonatal varicella. One of them, whose mother contracted varicella 5 days before delivery, had a severe and complicated form of the disease. The infants who had herpes zoster ...
Bussmann Hermann H Harvard School of Public Health AIDS Initiative, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2007
Millions of HIV-infected women in developing countries are in need of safe and highly effective antiretroviral therapy. Pregnancy rates are usually high in developing countries, and efavirenz (EFV) use in women of childbearing age is of concern because of its potential teratogenicity. As part of a prospective study comparing 6 ...
McCann C M - - 2007
Whilst it is presumed that infection of pregnant cattle with Neospora caninum oocysts can provoke abortion and is the likely cause of epidemic abortion outbreaks, only two previous experiments have involved inoculation of pregnant cows with oocysts (and only one abortion was provoked in 22 pregnancies). Here, we describe the ...
el-Sayed Zaki Maysaa - - 2007
CONTEXT: The impact of viral infections during pregnancy on adverse pregnancy outcomes is not understood fully. OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of parvovirus B19, herpes simplex 2, and cytomegalovirus infections in relation to late abortions, in sera from Egyptian pregnant women to establish basic knowledge for future pregnancy care. In ...
Meyer Urs - - 2007
Environmental insults taking place in early brain development may have long-lasting consequences for adult brain functioning. There is a large body of epidemiological data linking maternal infections during pregnancy to a higher incidence of psychiatric disorders with a presumed neurodevelopmental origin in the offspring, including schizophrenia and autism. Although specific ...
Khan M - - 2007
SETTING: Tertiary hospitals in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) co-infection during pregnancy on maternal and perinatal outcome. DESIGN: Prospective study performed between 1996 and 2001. Symptomatic pregnant women were investigated for TB. Those with confirmed MDR-TB were ...
Burgos Javier S - - 2007
Disseminated herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection during pregnancy is poorly described even though it is associated with high maternal and fetal morbidity and neonatal mortality in humans. In a previous paper using mice as a model, the authors demonstrated that HSV-1 is transmitted hematogenously from mother to offspring, ...
Konstantinidou Anastasia - - 2007
Coxsackievirus intrauterine infection has been documented mostly on the basis of indirect evidence of transplacental transmission, with neonatal manifestations ranging from asymptomatic infection to meningoencephalitis, myocarditis, and generalized sepsis. This is the first report of prenatal findings and fetoplacental pathology in a third trimester fetus with coxsackie B3 transplacental infection ...
Anderson Brenna L - - 2007
Pregnant women are prone to complications from many infections. However, overwhelming soft tissue infections are rarely reported in pregnant women without predisposing factors. A 40-year-old multipara presented with complaints of progressively worsening spinal muscle spasm pain. Because her medical history consisted of preterm deliveries, she was receiving injections of 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone ...
Martinson Neil A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Large numbers of women receive single-dose nevirapine (sdNVP) to prevent mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV; over time, an increasing proportion will return to prevention of MTCT programs for a second pregnancy. Because sdNVP selects resistance in a high percentage of women, we compared the effectiveness of sdNVP in preventing ...
Berrington William R WR Department of Medicine, Division of Allergy and Infectious Disease, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2007
Dengue viral infections present a significant risk during pregnancy to both mother and fetus. A young woman at 13 weeks' gestation presented with fever and abdominal pain following a diarrheal illness after returning from Puerto Rico. Over the course of 5 days, she developed nausea, petechiae, severe thrombocytopenia, and acalculous ...
Floridia M - - 2007
We used data from the main surveillance study of HIV and pregnancy in Italy to evaluate possible differences in pregnancy care and outcomes according to nationality. Among 960 women followed in 2001-06, 33.5% were of foreign nationality, mostly from African countries. Foreign women had lower rates of preconception counselling and ...
Lyons Fiona - - 2007
Stek and colleagues reported low lopinavir levels in the third trimester of pregnancy at standard dosing. Since their initial report in 2003, we have taken steady-state trough lopinavir levels in all pregnant women in the third trimester; the results of 26 women on a lopinavir/ritonavir regimen are reported. The median ...
Williams Denita - - 2007
Listeriosis, a severe disease that results from exposure to the foodborne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes, is responsible for approximately 2500 illnesses and 500 deaths in the United States each year. Pregnant women are 20 times more likely to develop listeriosis than the general population, with adverse pregnancy outcomes that include spontaneous ...
Leung Tse Ngong - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Parvovirus B19 infection during pregnancy is a known cause of nonimmune hydrops, while about one third of maternal infection is asymptomatic. Spontaneous abortion, hydrops fetalis, intrauterine growth retardation and meconium peritonitis are possible manifestations of fetal infection, but the infection can also be asymptomatic. CASE: Both fetuses in a ...
Efferen Linda S - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a summary of the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges, including risks and benefits of treatment, of tuberculosis and latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection during pregnancy. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent developments in diagnostic options have added to the armamentarium of tests available to diagnose latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Increasing ...
Fortier Marie-Eve - - 2007
Maternal infection during pregnancy is a risk factor for some psychiatric illnesses of neurodevelopmental origin such as schizophrenia and autism. In experimental animals, behavioral and neuropathological outcomes relevant to schizophrenia have been observed in offspring of infected dams. However, the type of infectious agent used and gestational age at time ...
Brogly Susan B - - 2007
We sought to describe the reproductive health of adolescent girls perinatally infected with HIV. We estimated the incidence of first pregnancy, genital infections, and abnormal cervical cytology for 638 girls aged 13 years and older in the Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group protocol 219C. Thirty-eight girls became pregnant, for a ...
McKendrick M W - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To study retrospectively the epidemiology, demography and clinical issues related to varicella in pregnancy in a UK city over a 5-year period and help inform the debate on the potential of varicella immunisation in prevention. METHODS: The hospital records of pregnant women with varicella receiving care at the Regional ...
Lopez-Cortes Luis F - - 2007
The efficacy of low-dose, ritonavir-boosted saquinavir (SQV/rtv) once daily plus 2 nucleoside retrotranscriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) in pregnant human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1-infected women was prospectively evaluated, ensuring a SQV minimum concentration (Cmin) >/=100 ng/mL with a therapeutic drug monitoring strategy. The primary clinical endpoint was the percentage of women with an ...
Hooper Jody E - - 2007
Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection contracted through the inhalation of airborne spores, which are most frequently present in desert areas of the southwestern United States and Mexico. Primary immune response to infection is by T(H)1, a subset of helper T cells. Although pulmonary symptoms are most common, hematogenous systemic spread ...
Chen Fang-Ping - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Congenital fetal damage related to cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is largely attributable to maternal primary infection. Twin fetuses may react differently to the same maternal influences. CASE: A woman had a sonographically documented fetal pericardial effusion in 1 twin at 33 weeks of gestation. The workup for maternal infection and ...
Spinello Irene M - - 2007
Coccidioidomycosis (CM) is a fungal infection endemic to the southwestern United States, northwestern Mexico, and parts of Central and South America. CM has been recognized as a complicating factor in pregnancy since at least the 1940s, and seems to be a relatively uncommon infection during pregnancy. The disease presentation during ...
Heath Paul T - - 2007
Group B streptococcus (GBS) is the leading cause of neonatal sepsis and meningitis. Despite optimal treatment of GBS-infected neonates it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, and prevention strategies are required. As disease occurs rapidly, and is often evident at birth or within 12 hours of birth, antibiotics must ...
Lemly D - - 2007
This study examined factors related to medical appointment attendance after childbirth among HIV-infected women in the Paris region. We hypothesized that despite regular utilization of prenatal care, many women may not attend medical appointments after delivery for their own HIV infection. This was an observational cohort study of HIV-seropositive women ...
Gardella Carolyn - - 2007
Genital herpes is common and is becoming more so, with a seroprevalence of 25% in middle class primary care settings. Primary genital herpes in pregnancy most often is subclinical, but it also can cause severe illness. Further, active genital herpes at the time of vaginal delivery poses significant risk of ...
Guerra Brunella - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if diagnostic tests performed in a reference laboratory and the correct interpretation and communication of results by an expert physician to the patient can reduce the rate of unnecessary abortions among women with positive cytomegalovirus (CMV) immunoglobulin M antibody titers. STUDY ...
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