Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1362
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Kopecky Dieter - - 2007
Primary infection of pregnant women with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii results in infections of the unborn by transplacental transmission in about 50% of the cases. The degree of possible damage depends on the duration of parasitical impact on fetal tissues. The web-based software system ToxoNet processes the results of serological ...
Tan H J - - 2007
This report describes a pregnant lady in early trimester that was admitted with fever and left loin pain and was initially treated as presumed pyelonephritis. Subsequently she was found to have infective endocarditis with vegetation on the mitral valve. The course of her illness was complicated by acute pulmonary edema ...
King A E - - 2007
The prevention of uterine infection is critical to appropriate fetal development and term delivery. The innate immune system is one component of the uterine environment and has a role in prevention of uterine infection. Natural antimicrobials are innate immune molecules with anti-bacterial, anti-viral and anti-fungal activity. We discuss two groups ...
Carcopino Xavier - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Q fever is a zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii. During pregnancy, it may result in obstetric complications, such as spontaneous abortion, intrauterine growth retardation, intrauterine fetal death, and premature delivery. Pregnant women are exposed to the risk of chronic Q fever. METHODS: We included 53 pregnant women who received ...
Jacquemard F - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To report early experience with treatment of intrauterine cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection using maternal oral administration of valaciclovir (VACV). DESIGN: Observational study of fetuses infected with CMV with or without treatment with valaciclovir. POPULATION: Pregnancies with confirmed fetal CMV infection were treated with oral VACV (8 g/day). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ...
Narkeviciute Irena - - 2007
Four infants are reported with varicella-Zoster virus (VZV) infection, whose mothers had varicella during the second-third trimester of pregnancy. Two newborns had neonatal varicella. One of them, whose mother contracted varicella 5 days before delivery, had a severe and complicated form of the disease. The infants who had herpes zoster ...
Bussmann Hermann H Harvard School of Public Health AIDS Initiative, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2007
Millions of HIV-infected women in developing countries are in need of safe and highly effective antiretroviral therapy. Pregnancy rates are usually high in developing countries, and efavirenz (EFV) use in women of childbearing age is of concern because of its potential teratogenicity. As part of a prospective study comparing 6 ...
McCann C M - - 2007
Whilst it is presumed that infection of pregnant cattle with Neospora caninum oocysts can provoke abortion and is the likely cause of epidemic abortion outbreaks, only two previous experiments have involved inoculation of pregnant cows with oocysts (and only one abortion was provoked in 22 pregnancies). Here, we describe the ...
el-Sayed Zaki Maysaa - - 2007
CONTEXT: The impact of viral infections during pregnancy on adverse pregnancy outcomes is not understood fully. OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of parvovirus B19, herpes simplex 2, and cytomegalovirus infections in relation to late abortions, in sera from Egyptian pregnant women to establish basic knowledge for future pregnancy care. In ...
Meyer Urs - - 2007
Environmental insults taking place in early brain development may have long-lasting consequences for adult brain functioning. There is a large body of epidemiological data linking maternal infections during pregnancy to a higher incidence of psychiatric disorders with a presumed neurodevelopmental origin in the offspring, including schizophrenia and autism. Although specific ...
Khan M - - 2007
SETTING: Tertiary hospitals in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) co-infection during pregnancy on maternal and perinatal outcome. DESIGN: Prospective study performed between 1996 and 2001. Symptomatic pregnant women were investigated for TB. Those with confirmed MDR-TB were ...
Burgos Javier S - - 2007
Disseminated herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection during pregnancy is poorly described even though it is associated with high maternal and fetal morbidity and neonatal mortality in humans. In a previous paper using mice as a model, the authors demonstrated that HSV-1 is transmitted hematogenously from mother to offspring, ...
Konstantinidou Anastasia - - 2007
Coxsackievirus intrauterine infection has been documented mostly on the basis of indirect evidence of transplacental transmission, with neonatal manifestations ranging from asymptomatic infection to meningoencephalitis, myocarditis, and generalized sepsis. This is the first report of prenatal findings and fetoplacental pathology in a third trimester fetus with coxsackie B3 transplacental infection ...
Anderson Brenna L - - 2007
Pregnant women are prone to complications from many infections. However, overwhelming soft tissue infections are rarely reported in pregnant women without predisposing factors. A 40-year-old multipara presented with complaints of progressively worsening spinal muscle spasm pain. Because her medical history consisted of preterm deliveries, she was receiving injections of 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone ...
Martinson Neil A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Large numbers of women receive single-dose nevirapine (sdNVP) to prevent mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV; over time, an increasing proportion will return to prevention of MTCT programs for a second pregnancy. Because sdNVP selects resistance in a high percentage of women, we compared the effectiveness of sdNVP in preventing ...
Berrington William R - - 2007
Dengue viral infections present a significant risk during pregnancy to both mother and fetus. A young woman at 13 weeks' gestation presented with fever and abdominal pain following a diarrheal illness after returning from Puerto Rico. Over the course of 5 days, she developed nausea, petechiae, severe thrombocytopenia, and acalculous ...
Floridia M - - 2007
We used data from the main surveillance study of HIV and pregnancy in Italy to evaluate possible differences in pregnancy care and outcomes according to nationality. Among 960 women followed in 2001-06, 33.5% were of foreign nationality, mostly from African countries. Foreign women had lower rates of preconception counselling and ...
Lyons Fiona - - 2007
Stek and colleagues reported low lopinavir levels in the third trimester of pregnancy at standard dosing. Since their initial report in 2003, we have taken steady-state trough lopinavir levels in all pregnant women in the third trimester; the results of 26 women on a lopinavir/ritonavir regimen are reported. The median ...
Williams Denita - - 2007
Listeriosis, a severe disease that results from exposure to the foodborne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes, is responsible for approximately 2500 illnesses and 500 deaths in the United States each year. Pregnant women are 20 times more likely to develop listeriosis than the general population, with adverse pregnancy outcomes that include spontaneous ...
Leung Tse Ngong - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Parvovirus B19 infection during pregnancy is a known cause of nonimmune hydrops, while about one third of maternal infection is asymptomatic. Spontaneous abortion, hydrops fetalis, intrauterine growth retardation and meconium peritonitis are possible manifestations of fetal infection, but the infection can also be asymptomatic. CASE: Both fetuses in a ...
Efferen Linda S - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a summary of the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges, including risks and benefits of treatment, of tuberculosis and latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection during pregnancy. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent developments in diagnostic options have added to the armamentarium of tests available to diagnose latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Increasing ...
Fortier Marie-Eve - - 2007
Maternal infection during pregnancy is a risk factor for some psychiatric illnesses of neurodevelopmental origin such as schizophrenia and autism. In experimental animals, behavioral and neuropathological outcomes relevant to schizophrenia have been observed in offspring of infected dams. However, the type of infectious agent used and gestational age at time ...
Brogly Susan B - - 2007
We sought to describe the reproductive health of adolescent girls perinatally infected with HIV. We estimated the incidence of first pregnancy, genital infections, and abnormal cervical cytology for 638 girls aged 13 years and older in the Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group protocol 219C. Thirty-eight girls became pregnant, for a ...
McKendrick M W - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To study retrospectively the epidemiology, demography and clinical issues related to varicella in pregnancy in a UK city over a 5-year period and help inform the debate on the potential of varicella immunisation in prevention. METHODS: The hospital records of pregnant women with varicella receiving care at the Regional ...
Lopez-Cortes Luis F - - 2007
The efficacy of low-dose, ritonavir-boosted saquinavir (SQV/rtv) once daily plus 2 nucleoside retrotranscriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) in pregnant human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1-infected women was prospectively evaluated, ensuring a SQV minimum concentration (Cmin) >/=100 ng/mL with a therapeutic drug monitoring strategy. The primary clinical endpoint was the percentage of women with an ...
Hooper Jody E - - 2007
Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection contracted through the inhalation of airborne spores, which are most frequently present in desert areas of the southwestern United States and Mexico. Primary immune response to infection is by T(H)1, a subset of helper T cells. Although pulmonary symptoms are most common, hematogenous systemic spread ...
Chen Fang-Ping - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Congenital fetal damage related to cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is largely attributable to maternal primary infection. Twin fetuses may react differently to the same maternal influences. CASE: A woman had a sonographically documented fetal pericardial effusion in 1 twin at 33 weeks of gestation. The workup for maternal infection and ...
Spinello Irene M - - 2007
Coccidioidomycosis (CM) is a fungal infection endemic to the southwestern United States, northwestern Mexico, and parts of Central and South America. CM has been recognized as a complicating factor in pregnancy since at least the 1940s, and seems to be a relatively uncommon infection during pregnancy. The disease presentation during ...
Heath Paul T - - 2007
Group B streptococcus (GBS) is the leading cause of neonatal sepsis and meningitis. Despite optimal treatment of GBS-infected neonates it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, and prevention strategies are required. As disease occurs rapidly, and is often evident at birth or within 12 hours of birth, antibiotics must ...
Lemly D - - 2007
This study examined factors related to medical appointment attendance after childbirth among HIV-infected women in the Paris region. We hypothesized that despite regular utilization of prenatal care, many women may not attend medical appointments after delivery for their own HIV infection. This was an observational cohort study of HIV-seropositive women ...
Gardella Carolyn - - 2007
Genital herpes is common and is becoming more so, with a seroprevalence of 25% in middle class primary care settings. Primary genital herpes in pregnancy most often is subclinical, but it also can cause severe illness. Further, active genital herpes at the time of vaginal delivery poses significant risk of ...
Guerra Brunella - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if diagnostic tests performed in a reference laboratory and the correct interpretation and communication of results by an expert physician to the patient can reduce the rate of unnecessary abortions among women with positive cytomegalovirus (CMV) immunoglobulin M antibody titers. STUDY ...
Quemelo Paulo Roberto Veiga - - 2007
Parvovirus B19 infection was first discovered in 1975 and it is implicated in fetal death from hydrops fetalis the world over. Diagnosis is usually made through histological identification of the intranuclear inclusion in placenta and fetal organs. However, these cells may be scarce or uncharacteristic, making definitive diagnosis difficult. We ...
Friedman Jennifer F - - 2007
Currently, schistosomes infect approximately 40 million women of child-bearing age, yet little is known about schistosome-associated morbidity in pregnant women and their offspring. Animal models indicate a deleterious effect of schistosome infection on maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes. Case reports have documented maternal infection in association with poor birth outcomes, ...
Herter Ursula - - 2007
The relationship between pregnancy and both the susceptibility and pathogenicity of parasite infections is disputed. This study compares the prevalence and intensity (as measured by density of eggs in stool samples) of intestinal helminth infections in pregnant and control groups of women from Khon Kaen Province in the northeast of ...
Córdoba Laura - - 2007
West Nile fever outbreaks in the USA have caused over 700 human deaths, primarily due to neurological disease. The usual transmission route of West Nile virus (WNV) involves mosquito bites; however, alternative routes, including intrauterine infection, have also been reported. Here, the pathogenicity of WNV in mice during gestation has ...
Rana Sarosh - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We describe a case where Mirror syndrome was characterized by altered levels of antiangiogenic proteins (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 [sFlt1] and soluble endoglin). CASE: We describe a pregnant patient with severe fetal and placental edema induced by congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection that was associated with preeclampsia. Fetal CMV ...
Macejko Amanda M - - 2007
Urinary tract infections are common complications of pregnancy; upper tract infections in particular may lead to significant morbidity for both the mother and fetus. Bacteriuria is a significant risk factor for developing pyelonephritis in pregnant women. Therefore, proper screening and treatment of bacteriuria during pregnancy is necessary to prevent complications. ...
Shrim Alon - - 2007
Urologic medical conditions are not frequently encountered during pregnancy. Still, urologists often are asked to treat pregnant patients for conditions that require prescriptions. In the generally healthy population of pregnant women, the use of pharmaceutical agents is usually reserved for women who have either infections or necessary surgical procedures. This ...
Duran Adriana S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To quantify primary resistance mutations (PRMs) among HIV-1-infected women receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cell samples from HIV-1-infected women enrolled in a prospective cohort study in Argentina, the Bahamas, Brazil, and Mexico (NISDI Perinatal Study) were assayed for PRMs. Eligible ...
Lefevre-Pettazzoni M - - 2007
The objective of the present study was to investigate the maturation of immunoglobulin G (IgG) avidity after Toxoplasma gondii seroconversion during pregnancy and the factors that affect IgG avidity over time. The study used 309 serum samples from 117 women and a multiple linear mixed regression analysis to show the ...
Ostrowski S R - - 2007
The blood level of soluble urokinase receptor (suPAR) is increased and associated with a poor clinical or fatal outcome in children with acute malaria. This study hypothesized that the suPAR level would be associated with foetal outcome in maternal malaria. suPAR was measured by ELISA in maternal and cord plasma ...
Bánhidy Ferenc - - 2007
Maternal urinary tract infections in pregnancy showed an association with a higher rate of preterm birth in previous studies. The aim of this study was to check this relationship, and in addition to evaluate the efficacy of recent medical treatments. The population-based large control (without any defects) data set of ...
Martí Covadonga - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The unquestionable benefit of antiretroviral therapy in reducing the rate of mother-to-child transmission can be lessened by potential maternal or neonatal toxicity. OBJECTIVE: To analyze obstetric and perinatal complications in a cohort of HIV-infected pregnant women and their relationship with maternal antiretroviral therapy. POPULATION: One hundred and sixty-seven HIV-infected ...
Briand Nelly - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To respond to the primary safety objective of the Perinatal HIV Prevention Trial 1 (PHPT-1) by studying the evolution of haematological parameters according to zidovudine exposure duration in HIV-1-infected pregnant women. DESIGN: Multicenter, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial of different durations of zidovudine prophylaxis. SETTING: 27 hospitals in Thailand. PARTICIPANTS: ...
Dimetry Shaira R - - 2007
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) during pregnancy are among the commonest health problems world wide, specially in developing countries, including Egypt. It has several adverse outcomes not only on the mother but also on the fetus as well.. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of UTIs during ...
Hirnle Lidia - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The presence of fibronectin fragments has been observed in some inflammatory diseases and is believed to reflect tissue breakdown. In this study, possible fibronectin fragmentation and alterations in its domain and sialyl and fucosyl glycotope expressions were analyzed in amniotic fluids in relation to intrauterine infection. METHODS: Samples of ...
Natarajan U - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Nevirapine has been widely used in pregnancy for its efficacy, low pill burden, bioavailability and rapid transplacental transfer. Concern about nevirapine toxicity during pregnancy has emerged over recent years. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to document the frequency of cutaneous and hepatic toxicity secondary to nevirapine use ...
Innes Elisabeth A - - 2007
The protozoan parasite Neospora caninum is an important cause of reproductive disease in cattle worldwide. The dog is a definitive host for the parasite and the oocyst stage, shed in the faeces, is a source of infection for cattle through consumption of contaminated feed or water. In addition, transplacental transmission ...
Kanková Sárka - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to confirm that women with latent toxoplasmosis have developmentally younger fetuses at estimated pregnancy week 16 and to test four exclusive hypotheses that could explain the observed data. In the present retrospective cohort study we analysed by the GLM (general linear model) method data ...
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