Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1363
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Manikkavasagan G - - 2009
A review of published literature was undertaken to investigate the maternal and fetal effects of measles infection in pregnancy and to inform the need for post-exposure prophylaxis. There is no evidence to support an association between measles in pregnancy and congenital defects. However, the need for effective post-exposure protection is ...
Salafia C M - - 2009
To determine the structure of the relationships of the histology scores for acute intraamniotic infection collected in the Collaborative Perinatal Project (CPP). 44,427 subjects of the CPP had complete histology scores available for the 9 measures that related to acute intraamniotic infection (i.e., neutrophil infiltrates in umbilical cord, amnion of ...
Costa I N - - 2009
Toxoplasma gondii infection during pregnancy may cause severe consequences to the embryo. Current toxoplasmosis treatment for pregnant women is based on the administration of spiramycin or a drug combination as sulphadiazine-pyrimethamine-folinic acid (SPFA) in cases of confirmed fetal infection. However, these drugs are few tolerated and present many disadvantages due ...
Williams D J L - - 2009
Vertical transmission of the protozoan parasite, Neospora caninum is highly efficient and can take two forms - endogenous transplacental transmission resulting from activation of the quiescent bradyzoite stage during pregnancy or exogenous transplacental transmission resulting from ingestion of oocysts during pregnancy. Calves born carrying infection derived from either endogenous or ...
Mudumbi Sravani V - - 2010
Cryptococcus neoformans, a well-known pathogen of the immunocompromised host, is rarely reported as a cause of disseminated infection in the immunocompetent pregnant woman. Reported herein is the case of a young gravid woman, who initially presented with vague systemic symptoms that evolved into a disseminated cryptococcosis, which was resistant to ...
Poovassery Jayakumar - - 2009
Malarial infection in nonimmune pregnant women is a major risk factor for pregnancy failure. The biological mechanisms that underlie malaria-associated fetal loss, however, are poorly understood. Plasmodium chabaudi AS infection during early pregnancy results in midgestational embryonic loss in naive C57BL/6 mice. To define the immunopathogenesis of this malaria-induced pregnancy ...
Ross Danielle S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Maternal infection during pregnancy is a well-recognized cause of birth defects and developmental disabilities, as well as an important contributor to other adverse pregnancy outcomes. The objective of the present survey was to gain information about the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of obstetrician/gynecologists regarding prevention of infections during pregnancy. ...
Sander Petra M - - 2009
The objective of the study was to examine whether emergency contraceptive use predicts future sex at risk for pregnancy, pregnancy, or sexually transmitted infection among young women. A secondary analysis of control group participants (n = 718) from a recent trial of advanced provision of emergency contraception was conducted. We ...
Basurko C??lia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the maternal and foetal consequences of dengue fever infection during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study was carried out from 1 January 1992 to 10 September 2006 on 53 pregnant women infected with the dengue virus during pregnancy. The women were ...
Sagel U - - 2010
Knowledge about seasonal trends in acute toxoplasmosis in pregnancy may help to understand and avoid risk factors for infection. Analysing regular screening records of 51 754 pregnant women, members of the largest statutory health insurance company in the federal state of Upper Austria from 2000 to 2005, we found a ...
Pangrazio Kristel Kegler - - 2009
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is primarily transmitted by an invertebrate vector, but transmission in the absence of the vector has been reported. Vertical transmission of VL has been described in man and dogs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of Leishmania amastigotes in fetal organs and histopathologic ...
Baroncelli Silvia - - 2009
The aim of the study was to describe the recent trends in antiretroviral treatment in late pregnancy and the sociodemographic changes among pregnant women with HIV over the last 6 years. Data from the National Program on Surveillance on Antiretroviral Treatment in Pregnancy in Italy were grouped per calendar year, ...
Zuk Dalyce M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for the use of antiretroviral (ARV) therapy during pregnancy recommend that women be offered treatment with combination ARV therapy used in nonpregnant HIV-infected individuals. It is unclear whether the risk of ARV-related adverse drug reactions (ADRs) is increased during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency and severity ...
Aivazova Viktoria - - 2010
Acinetobacter baumannii is a multidrug-resistant bacterium that is normally a commensal pathogen. This bacterium can lead to severe complications such as pneumonia, fever and septicaemia, because of limited treatment options. This case report describes a cervical A. baumannii infection during pregnancy and puerperium in a case of a patient treated ...
Foster C C The Family Clinic, Imperial College NHS Trust, St Mary's Campus, London W2 1NY, UK. - - 2009
Zidovudine (ZDV) has been the cornerstone of antiretroviral (ARV) therapy for pregnant women infected with HIV-1 in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) and remains the only licensed ARV for use in pregnancy. We explored the current and future roles of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) in the prevention of MTCT ...
Fontana Robert J - - 2009
The aim of this review is to summarize the safety profile of the five approved oral nucleoside analogs used to treat chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, focusing on both the class adverse effects and those that have been reported with individual agents, as well as their safety in pregnancy. ...
Bonvicini F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our work was to examine the most reliable laboratory diagnosis of fetal parvovirus B19 infection in hydropic fetuses by evaluating the most appropriate clinical sample and laboratory test. DESIGN: B19 DNA detection in fetal samples and serological signs of B19 infection in the respective mothers. Samples ...
Stek Alice Marie - - 2009
The use of combination antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy has enabled us to decrease perinatal HIV transmission to less than 1%, in areas with adequate resources. Questions remain regarding the safety of these medications for the mother, fetus, and child. Recent publications present conflicting data about associations between antiretrovirals and prematurity ...
Carcopino Xavier - - 2009
Q fever is a worldwide zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii. Q fever may be present as an acute or a chronic infection and can be reactivated during subsequent pregnancies. Although its exact prevalence remains unknown, it is likely that the number of cases of Q fever in pregnant women is ...
Burdet J - - 2009
Infection associated with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and subsequent Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome (HUS) have become relevant in public health since STEC is considered as one of the most important emergent pathogens. STEC infection may either be asymptomatic or begin with watery diarrhea associated with hemorrhagic colitis and HUS. The major ...
Paternoster Delia - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The more effective way of transmission of GB virus C (GBV-C) is parenteral, but sexual and vertical transmission seem to be the main way of spreading. We evaluated the prevalence and the effect of GBV-C infection on pregnant women, vertical transmission and viral effects on the newborn. STUDY DESIGN: ...
McCall Jane - - 2009
Nurses play a crucial role in ensuring that women with HIV get appropriate treatment and care during their pregnancy. This article reviews testing in pregnancy, factors associated with perinatal transmission, guidelines for management of pregnancy, labour and delivery and for postpartum care, and the identification of high-risk women as well ...
Li Zhiyan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The primary infection of Toxoplasma gondii (TOX), rubella virus (RV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), or herpes simplex virus (HSV), abbreviated as TORCH, remains a major problem in the pregnant women in China today. METHODS: We analyzed the performance of a novel chemiluminesent immunoassay (CLIA) for anti-TORCH IgM and IgG detection then ...
Lopes Carla Duque - - 2009
Toxoplasma gondii is a widely distributed obligatory intracellular parasite that causes severe disease to the fetus when transmitted during pregnancy. Drugs used to avoid congenital transmission have shown side effects and their efficacy is controversial. The most widely used drug for the treatment of acute toxoplasmosis during pregnancy is the ...
Bessi?res M H - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of congenital toxoplasmosis (CT) and to assess the performances of prenatal and neonatal diagnoses. From 1994-2005, in Toulouse University Hospital, France, amniocentesis was performed on 352 pregnant women who were infected during pregnancy. All women were treated with spiramycin and ...
Sekhavat Leila - - 2009
To estimate the effects of intramuscular meperidine analgesia on fetal heart rate (FHR) patterns compared with placebo. In a prospective randomized study, 150 healthy women with singleton term pregnancy requesting analgesia during active labor were planned to receive either intramuscular meperidin 50 mg (meperidin group) or normal saline (control group) ...
Tolfvenstam Thomas - - 2009
Human parvovirus B19 (B19) is common in society. Among adults, more than 50% have contracted the infection and immunity is believed to last lifelong. Infection occurs in a few percent of pregnancies, and albeit rare it can then cause fetal anemia, non-immune fetal hydrops and fetal death. Among cases with ...
Freyre A - - 2009
The objective of the research was to test the hamster for a model of transmission of congenital toxoplasmosis. A non-invasive method for the diagnosis of pregnancy in hamsters was designed, with a specificity and a sensitivity of 70.2 and 94.7%, respectively (n=168). Of 32 females with a chronic toxoplasma infection, ...
Nguyen G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: For women with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, little is known about the natural progression of the disease during pregnancy or its impact on pregnancy outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the natural progression of HBV infection during pregnancy or its impact on pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, ...
Chatterjee Jayanta - - 2009
One of the major concerns following cornual ectopic pregnancy, as shown in this case, is uterine rupture in future pregnancies. Uterine rupture has been described at 20 weeks gestation in a woman who had a cornual pregnancy treated by salpingectomy at 24 weeks, and as such it has been suggested ...
Jones Cheryl A - - 2009
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) transmitted from mother to child around the time of delivery can cause potentially fatal disease in the newborn. Women who experience their first genital HSV infection in pregnancy are at the highest risk of transmitting the virus to their newborn. Efforts to prevent vertically transmitted HSV ...
Auriti Cinzia - - 2009
A woman contracted chickenpox in the 12th week of gestation. Her general practitioner and later the consultant obstetrician warned her about the small risk of giving birth to a disabled child. She decided to continue the pregnancy without undergoing invasive tests to diagnose fetal intrauterine infection. Symptoms of congenital varicella ...
Cerar Dasa - - 2009
Q fever is a zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii. Although data on Q fever during pregnancy are limited, they indicate that infection with C. burnetii is associated with high morbidity and mortality. The infection is usually asymptomatic in pregnant women but may result in obstetric complications such as spontaneous abortion, ...
Miller Jena L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Symptomatic fetal viral infection can affect placental and fetal development and may lead to non-immune hydrops or fetal death. All infections are not detectable by clinical history or ultrasound and a background positivity rate exists in asymptomatic patients. We investigated if intraamniotic presence of viral genome at the time ...
Weinberg Adriana - - 2009
HIV-infected pregnant women with undetectable plasma HIV RNA concentrations at delivery pose a minimal risk of vertical transmission. We studied the kinetics and the determinants of the virologic response to antiretroviral therapy in 117 consecutive pregnancies. Patients who initiated therapy during pregnancy had a VL decrease of 2 and 2.5 ...
Melekhin Vlada V - - 2009
Pregnancy has been associated with a decreased risk of HIV disease progression in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era. The effect of timing of HAART initiation relative to pregnancy on maternal virologic, immunologic and clinical outcomes has not been assessed. We conducted a retrospective cohort study from 1997-2005 among ...
De Paschale Massimo - - 2009
The fetal consequences of CMV infection make it one of the most serious infections contracted during pregnancy, but the scientific community is divided over the proposed implementation of preventive screening for anti-CMV antibodies. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence and risk of infection during pregnancy in ...
Di Mario Simona - - 2009
Congenital toxoplasmosis is considered a rare but potentially severe infection. Prenatal education about congenital toxoplasmosis could be the most efficient and least harmful intervention, yet its effectiveness is uncertain. To assess the effects of prenatal education for preventing congenital toxoplasmosis. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register ...
Tweyongyere Robert R Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda. - - 2009
Praziquantel treatment of schistosomiasis during pregnancy was only recommended in 2002; hence the effects of treatment during pregnancy are not fully known. We have therefore evaluated the effects on infection intensity and the immunological effects of praziquantel treatment against Schistosoma mansoni during pregnancy, compared with treatment after delivery. A nested ...
Schreiber Courtney A - - 2009
The prevalence of unplanned pregnancies contributes to the methodological challenges of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention trials. In this paper, the authors discuss the incidence of pregnancy, including chemical pregnancy, and how the different methods of pregnancy diagnosis could affect the statistical power and calculated outcomes of HIV prevention trials. ...
Sued O O Fundación Huèsped, Area de Investigaciones Clinicas, Buenos Aires, Argentina. - - 2008
A 41-year-old pregnant woman with multiple virological failures started darunavir, enfuvirtide, zidovudine and lamivudine at week 28 of pregnancy. During week 38, the patient had a viral load <400 copies/mL and a CD4 count of 180 cells/mm(3) (13%). The child was found to be in good health, with negative HIV-polymerase ...
Keiser Olivia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Virologic failure of HIV-positive patients is of special concern during pregnancy. We compared virologic failure and the frequency of treatment changes in pregnant and non-pregnant women of the Swiss HIV Cohort Study. METHODS: Using data on 372 pregnancies in 324 women we describe antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy. Pregnant women ...
Salomon Jérôme - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Pregnancies in spinal cord-injured (SCI) patients present unique clinical challenges. Because of the neurogenic bladder and the use of intermittent catheterization, chronic bacteriuria and recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) is common. During pregnancy the prevalence of UTI increases dramatically. Recurrent UTI requires multiple courses of antibiotics and increases the ...
van der Lugt Jasper - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The use of highly active antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy has reduced the prevalence HIV of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) dramatically. At present, the recommended first-line treatment for prevention of MTCT in developed countries is protease inhibitor-based highly active antiretroviral therapy. In this review, we give an update on ...
Ceballos Ana - - 2008
Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) as described for women with an established infection is, in most cases, associated with the transmission of few maternal variants. This study analysed virus variability in four cases of maternal primary infection occurring during pregnancy and/or breastfeeding. Estimated time of ...
Swierzko Anna St - - 2009
Ficolins and one collectin, mannan-binding lectin (MBL), are the only factors known to activate the lectin pathway (LP) of complement. There is considerable circumstantial evidence that MBL insufficiency can increase susceptibility to various infections and influence the course of several non-infectious diseases complicated by infections. Much less information is available ...
Williams Shauna F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to review pregnancy and neonatal outcomes among perinatally infected pregnant patients at our institution. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of maternal and neonatal records for all 10 perinatally infected adolescents between 1997 and 2007 was performed. Demographics, CD4 and viral load, antiretroviral treatment, ...
Nurutdinova Diana - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Data regarding use of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate in HIV-infected pregnant women are limited. OBJECTIVE: To identify adverse effects of tenofovir use during pregnancy in HIV-infected women and their infants. METHODS: In a retrospective case series, the charts of 127 pregnant HIV-infected women who received highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) ...
Poussin Mathilde A - - 2009
Listeria monocytogenes are facultative intracellular pathogenic bacteria that can infect macrophages as well as non-professional phagocytes. After entry in the host cell, the bacteria escape from the phagosome into the cytoplasm. In murine macrophages and in cell lines derived from these cells, escape of L. monocytogenes from the phagosome is ...
Marshall Beth C - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of pregnancy and exposure to cytomegalovirus (CMV) among mothers contemplating a possible additional pregnancy and with a child less than 2 years of age in group day care. We performed a prospective observational study that included a demographic questionnaire and ...
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