Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1432
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Ramachandra S - - 2010
Fetal varicella syndrome is a rare condition of the newborn, presenting with cutaneous scars, limb defects and ocular and central nervous system abnormalities. It is due to varicella or zoster developing in the fetus following maternal varicella infection during early pregnancy. We are reporting one such patient who presented with ...
Dueñas-García Omar Felipe - - 2011
Objective. Krukenberg tumors in pregnancy are very rare and their management can present a dilemma for the obstetrician gynecologist. Case Report. We present the case of a G3P2002 who presented to us and the 38 weeks gestation with bilateral massive Krukenberg tumors. Despite at surgery and chemotherapy she died 3 ...
Lamont R F - - 2011
Human parvovirus B19 infection is widespread. Approximately 30-50% of pregnant women are nonimmune, and vertical transmission is common following maternal infection in pregnancy. Fetal infection may be associated with a normal outcome, but fetal death may also occur without ultrasound evidence of infectious sequelae. B19 infection should be considered in ...
Mylonas Ioannis - - 2011
Abstract Little is known regarding the possible harmful effects of Borrelia infections in pregnancy, since such a risk analysis is difficult to perform. Transplacental transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi has been documented in several animal studies. Therefore, it had been thought that fetal infection and teratogenicity was possible from B. burgdorferi, ...
Amankwah Yaa - - 2010
Vulvar edema is associated with a variety of conditions. The edema can result from inflammatory conditions, infections, infestations, trauma, pregnancy, tumors and iatrogenic causes. At times, it is difficult to determine the cause of the vulvar edema. Treatment consists of determining the origin of the edema and giving the appropriate ...
Youngwanichsetha Sununta - - 2010
The researchers conducted this grounded theory study in order to describe the decision making surrounding management of the pregnancy experience of 38 pregnant, HIV-infected Thai women. Data were collected using in-depth interviews and an open-ended questionnaire, and they were analyzed using constant comparative analysis. We found that "weighing distress" was ...
Cortina-Borja Mario - - 2010
The effectiveness of prenatal treatment to prevent serious neurological sequelae (SNSD) of congenital toxoplasmosis is not known. Congenital toxoplasmosis was prospectively identified by universal prenatal or neonatal screening in 14 European centres and children were followed for a median of 4 years. We evaluated determinants of postnatal death or SNSD ...
Kinuthia John J Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kenyatta National Hospital and University of Nairobi, Kenya. - - 2010
to estimate HIV-1 incidence and cofactors for HIV-1 incidence during pregnancy and postpartum. retrospective study among women who were HIV seronegative during pregnancy. mothers accompanying their infants for routine 6-week immunizations at 6 maternal child health clinics in Nairobi and Western Kenya were tested for HIV-1 after completing a questionnaire ...
The Kesho Bora Study - - 2011
To evaluate strategies to reduce HIV-1 transmission through breastfeeding, a multicentre study including a nested randomized controlled trial was implemented in five research sites in West, East and South Africa (The Kesho Bora Study). The aim was to optimize the use of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs during pregnancy, delivery and breastfeeding ...
Cressey Tim R - - 2010
To evaluate the pharmacokinetics and HIV viral load response following initiation during the third trimester of pregnancy of zidovudine plus standard-dose lopinavir boosted with ritonavir (LPV/r), twice daily, until delivery for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Prospective study nested within a multicenter, three-arm, randomized, phase III prevention of ...
Brkic Snezana - - 2011
Objective. To study the role of asymptomatic maternal parvo B19 infection in severe fetal outcome in Province of Vojvodina. Methods. One hundred seventy-six pregnant women (13-25 weeks of gestation) were divided in two groups - patients with symptoms of imminent spontaneous abortion and poor pregnancy outcome and patients with normal course of ...
Scott Veronica L - - 2011
Experimental infection of cats with FIV-B-2542 produces high rates of fetal infection and reproductive failure. We hypothesized that dysregulation of placental cytokine expression occurs in FIV-infected queens, and aberrant expression potentiates inflammation and impacts pregnancy outcome. Our purpose was to quantify expression of representative pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-12p35, and IL-1β), ...
Mylonas Ioannis - - 2011
Infections during gestation, delivery and the postnatal period can jeopardise not only the mother, but also the child. Along with chromosomal abnormalities and immunological diseases, infection in early pregnancy represents the most important reason for abortion. During the second and third trimester, infections are the principal cause for preterm labour, ...
Strevens Helena - - 2010
Premature prelabor rupture of the fetal membranes affects about 3% of pregnancies. The cause is usually infection, especially at earlier gestations. The prognosis and the risks of delivery are both much worse at earlier gestations. Before viable pregnancy, termination may be offered. Once the fetus is viable, steroids to mature ...
Panditrao Mridul M - - 2010
A case report of a primigravida, who was admitted with severe pregnancy induced hypertension (BP 160/122 mmHg) and twin pregnancy, is presented here. Antihypertensive therapy was initiated. Elective LSCS under general anaesthesia was planned. After the birth of both the babies, intramyometrial injections of Carboprost and Pitocin were administered. Immediately, ...
Petersen Irene I Department of Primary Care and Population Health, UCL, Rowland Hill Street, London NW3 2PF, UK. - - 2010
To examine patterns of prescribing of oral antibiotics during pregnancy and to determine whether women were more or less likely to receive specific types of antibiotics in pregnancy than in the years before and after pregnancy. Finally, to identify socio-demographic factors associated with antibiotic prescribing in pregnancy. We identified 114 999 ...
Lockett N N - - 2010
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) support pregnancy maintenance by suppressing placental inflammation, while diminished Treg function may accompany reproductive failure. Experimental FIV infection frequently results in vertical transmission and increased pregnancy failure in the cat. The mechanism of reproductive compromise is unknown. We hypothesized that FIV infection alters endometrial Treg population ...
Raboud Janet - - 2010
Objectives: To determine predictors of HIV-positive women who choose to carry a pregnancy to term. Methods: We collected pregnancy data up to December 2008 on women who had attended the University Health Network Immunodeficiency Clinic in Toronto since 2000 and were < 50 years of age at the time of ...
Zajicek Michal - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine parvovirus B19 infection is a well-known cause for hydrops fetalis and fetal demise. We present a case of isolated fetal obstructive hydrocephalus caused by an intrauterine parvovirus B19 infection. CASE: A 23-year-old woman, gravida 3 para 2, was referred for fetal obstructive hydrocephalus. Although there were no signs ...
Nelson David B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Iliopsoas abscesses, a rare complication in pregnancy, typically present as a secondary infection due to direct spread of another nearby infection. CASE: A 30-year-old multigravid patient with a 10-year history of intravenous heroin use and chronic lower-back pain, presented at 23 0/7 weeks of gestation with multiple cutaneous abscesses. ...
Donner Barbara - - 2010
Pregnant women with influenza are at increased risk of morbidity, particularly due to respiratory complications. A high excess mortality rate among pregnant women has been observed in previous influenza pandemics and healthcare agencies have provided recommendations on the use of oseltamivir to treat pregnant women who are infected with the ...
Sugiyama Takashi - - 2010
Group-A-streptococcus-(GAS)-induced toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is uncommon, but carries a high risk of maternal mortality during pregnancy. The onset of gravidic GAS-TSS has been reported mostly during the puerperium. A 16-year-old woman, who was at 37 weeks of gestation, and without obstetrical care during the last 30 weeks, was referred ...
Aebi-Popp Karoline - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Rates of vertical HIV transmission between mother and child are low, allowing many HIV positive women to have children with near impunity. In this study, data from the Swiss Mother and Child HIV Cohort Study were used to describe maternal characteristics and their association with pregnancy outcomes in HIV ...
Cannovo Nunzia - - 2010
The trend to have children even if one or both parents suffer from chronic diseases is influenced by personal, psycho-organic and social factors. The Authors face the moral and professional dilemma of honouring a woman's intentions, or persuading her to interrupt her pregnancy to prevent damage to her health.
Chen Chih-Ping - - 2010
To present a prenatal diagnosis of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in a pregnancy with fetal ascites. A 33-year-old, gravida 6, para 2, woman was referred to a hospital at 20 weeks of gestation for management of fetal ascites. The woman had not experienced recent rubella or herpes simplex infections. The ...
Higa Lourenço T - - 2010
We evaluated anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgM-reactive pregnant women seen at a high-risk pregnancy outpatient clinic. From March 2005 to January 2008 in Paraná, Brazil, pregnant women seen by the Brazilian Public Health System, in any gestational period, who were anti-T. gondii IgM-positive, were followed. Clinical symptoms were noted, and tests performed ...
Doshi Haresh U - - 2010
To assess the maternal and perinatal outcome in pregnant women with cardiac disease, a prospective study was carried out among 51 pregnant women with cardiac disease between January 2006 and August 2008 at a tertiary care centre at BJ Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Rheumatic cardiac disease (68.62%) with mitral valve ...
Lipitz S - - 2010
To evaluate the outcome of pregnancies with proven and well-dated primary cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection with and without abnormal fetal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. This was a prospective study of 38 singleton pregnancies with proven vertical transmission of CMV and prenatal ultrasound and MRI examinations. Entry requirements included ...
Santos Fabiano - - 2010
PURPOSES: (1) Measure the prevalence and trends of anti-infective drug use before, during, and after pregnancy; (2) to list the doses, classes, types, and indications for anti-infective use during pregnancy; and (3) to identify predictors associated with anti-infective drug use during pregnancy. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study within the Quebec Pregnancy ...
Pasupathi Palanisamy - - 2010
Free radicals play an important role in the pathogenesis of tissue damage in many clinical disorders, including atherosclerosis. This study was to investigate lipids and oxidative stress markers among women with 50 healthy non-pregnant compare with 50 healthy pregnant and 50 pregnancy-induced hypertensive subjects and correlate with cardiac troponin I ...
Mavroudis Constantine D - - 2010
Patency of the ductus arteriosus is critical in maintaining fetal circulation, and premature closure is associated with fetal and early neonatal death. We present 2 cases of sudden demise in the delivery room associated with atypical ductal anatomy with obstruction due to kinking and intraluminal intimal ridges. Shepherd hook anomaly ...
Mercieri Marco - - 2010
We present a case of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus necrotizing pneumonia, Panton-Valentine leukocidin positive, in a woman at 14 weeks of pregnancy. To our knowledge, this is the first case reporting this critical lung infection occurring during an early phase of pregnancy. This case study alerts physicians to the increasing ...
Fritel Xavier - - 2010
Mother-to-child transmission of chikungunya virus was reported during the 2005-2006 outbreak on Reunion Island, France. To determine the effects of this virus on pregnancy outcomes, we conducted a study of pregnant women in Reunion in 2006. The study population was composed of 1,400 pregnant women (628 uninfected, 658 infected during ...
Wallihan Rebecca - - 2010
Current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations suggest all pregnant women have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody testing early in pregnancy. For women with specific identified risks for HIV-1 infection, the CDC recommends repeat testing in the third trimester. We report 3 cases of infants perinatally infected with ...
McGready Rose - - 2010
Orientia tsutsugamushi causes scrub typhus and is a rural zoonosis endemic in the Asia Pacific region. This is the first report of O. tsutsugamushi TA716-like strain in a human in Thailand. The patient was in the 1st trimester of pregnancy when she developed scrub typhus. The O. tsutsugamushi strain TA716 ...
Lim M L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of an obstetric population with influenza A/H1N1 (2009) infection, with a focus on the need for hospitalisation and complications. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. POPULATION: Two hundred and eleven pregnant women with influenza A/H1N1 (2009) infection diagnosed by nasopharyngeal swab polymerase chain reaction ...
Toal M - - 2010
Novel influenza A (H1N1) (H1N1 2009 influenza virus) or 'swine flu' has been identified as the cause of a widespread outbreak of respiratory infection worldwide. Based on experience from previous influenza pandemics, pregnant women are thought to be at a higher risk of contracting swine flu and developing complications. This ...
Myer Landon - - 2010
With the rapid expansion of antiretroviral therapy (ART) services in sub-Saharan Africa there is growing recognition of the importance of fertility and childbearing among HIV-infected women. However there are few data on whether ART initiation influences pregnancy rates. We analyzed data from the Mother-to-Child Transmission-Plus (MTCT-Plus) Initiative, a multicountry HIV ...
Brown Cathleen M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: H1N1 influenza is an emerging threat that is life threatening to pregnant women in the third trimester. Six third-trimester maternal deaths with severe H1N1 pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) have been reported in the literature. CASE: A young woman at 33 weeks of gestation was admitted for ...
Pouliot Sawyer H - - 2010
To assess the impact of dengue infection during pregnancy on birth outcomes, we conducted a systematic review of 30 published studies (19 case reports, 9 case series, and 2 comparison studies). Studies were identified by searching computerized databases using dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever, cross-referenced with pregnancy, preterm birth or ...
Han Yiping W YW Department of Periodontics, School of Dental Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-4905, USA. - - 2010
Intrauterine infection is a recognized cause of adverse pregnancy outcome, but the source of infection is often undetermined. We report a case of stillbirth caused by Fusobacterium nucleatum that originated in the mother's mouth. A woman with pregnancy-associated gingivitis experienced an upper respiratory tract infection at term, followed by stillbirth ...
Almer?a S - - 2010
Neospora caninum is a major cause of abortion in cattle, but the reasons why some animals abort and not others remain unclear. Most of the N. caninum experimental primary infections in cattle late in gestation, after 120 days of pregnancy, result in birth of full-term congenitally infected fetuses. In the ...
Austeng Marit Erna - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between maternal infection with Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) in pregnancy and subsequent risk of hearing loss in the offspring. The study included 27 727 children born in Norway 1992-1994. Maternal toxoplasma infection during pregnancy was ascertained by serological examination and ...
Carlsen Karen - - 2010
In most cases of stillbirth, the cause is still unknown. The impact of parvovirus B19/erythrovirus infection and chromosomal abnormalities in stillborns and neonatal deaths. 57 consecutive cases, 23 second-trimester abortions (from gestational weeks 16 to 22), 27 intrauterine fetal deaths (from gestational week 22 onwards) and 7 early neonatal deaths ...
Robert-Gangneux Florence - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Neonates with congenital toxoplasmosis, even asymptomatic at birth, should be treated early to reduce long-term sequelae. Postnatal diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis is essential because prenatal diagnosis fails to detect approximately 15% of cases or cannot be performed when maternal infection is acquired in late pregnancy. Detection of parasites in ...
Candiotto Alberto - - 2010
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in non-hospitalized patients has been reported with increased frequency, whereas an association between CDI and pregnancy has not been highlighted. We report a case of toxic megacolon complicating a severe CDI during the second trimester of pregnancy in a patient without traditional risk factors, such as ...
Pandey Anil K - - 2010
Little information exists about the use of noninvasive methods to characterized left ventricular mechanical adaptation during normal pregnancy. The aim of this study was to evaluate left ventricular performance during normal pregnancy and study the effect of maternal factors. The study was conducted at Govt. Medical College and New Civil ...
Záhumenský J - - 2010
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is considered to be one of the most frequent viral infectious agents in humans. Transmission of HSV from mother to foetus during pregnancy is uncommon with about 85% of transmission occurring perinatally, when neonates acquire HSV during vaginal birth from infected genital tract secretions. For women, ...
Sinha Swati - - 2010
The combination of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and pregnancy presents unique management questions. Aspects of care that need to be considered include effects of hepatitis B on pregnancy, effects of pregnancy itself on the course of hepatitis B infection, treatment of hepatitis B during pregnancy and prevention of ...
Bayraktar Soley - - 2010
We report a case of a 25-year-old woman with chronic myeloid leukaemia who was randomised to dasatinib 100 mg orally daily in a clinical trial. The patient was advised to avoid pregnancy while on treatment due to its teratogenic potential. Five months later, the patient was found to be 6 ...
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