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Oliver E M EM Clinical and Experimental Sciences Academic Unit, Level F, South Academic Block, Faculty of Medicine, Southampton General Hospital, University of Southampton, Tremona Road, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK, - - 2014
Assessing maternal dietary habits across Europe during pregnancy in relation to their national pregnancy recommendations. A collaborative, multi-centre, birth cohort study in nine European countries was conducted as part of European Union funded EuroPrevall project. Standardised baseline questionnaire data included details of food intake, nutritional supplement use, exposure to cigarette ...
Steiner Anne Z AZ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the impact of sexual intercourse around the time of implantation on the probability of achieving a pregnancy. Time-to-pregnancy cohort using day-specific probability of pregnancy modeling to account for intercourse during the fertile window. Community cohort. Women trying to conceive naturally, ages 30-44, without known infertility. None. Positive pregnancy ...
Zhao Rui - - 2014
To evaluate and compare the effectiveness of the combined regimen (consisting of condoms and emergency contraception pills (ECP)) and using condoms only for the purpose of preventing pregnancy. One-thousand-five-hundred-and-sixty-two (1,562) couples as volunteers enrolled at nine centers in Shanghai. Eight-hundred-and-twelve (812) were randomized to use male condoms and ECP (i.e., ...
Soeterik Timo F W TF Department of Urology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the results of treatment with electroejaculation (EEJ), intrauterine insemination (IUI), and IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) in patients with psychogenic anejaculation (PAE). Retrospective clinical study. Academic tertiary referral fertility center. Eleven male patients diagnosed with psychogenic anejaculation (PAE) were included. Median age at the time of first treatment with ...
Pyakurel Ram R a Care Nepal , Kanchanpur , - - 2014
Abstract We used a community surveillance system to gather information regarding pregnancy outcomes and the cause of death for women of reproductive age (WRA) in Kanchanpur, Nepal. A total of 784 mother groups participated in the collection of pregnancy outcomes and mortality data. Of the 273 deaths among WRA, the ...
Wang Shan-Shan SS Centre for Reproductive Medicine, The Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, - - 2014
Blastocyst transfer has been recommended to raise the implantation rate without affecting the pregnancy rate. The objective of this meta-analysis is to systematically evaluate whether the live birth rate and other pregnancy outcomes can be improved by blastocyst transfer compared with cleavage-stage embryos transfer. EMBASE and MEDLINE databases were searched ...
Liu S S Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, KK Women's and Children's Hospital , - - 2014
In the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage from uterine atony, uterine compression sutures, such as the B-Lynch suture and its modifications have a role with the advantage of preservation of the uterus for fertility. There is however, a risk that apposition of the anterior and posterior walls of the uterus will ...
Lonergan P P School of Agriculture and Food Science, Belfield, Dublin 4, - - 2014
Early embryo development following fertilization occurs in the oviduct. However, despite being the site of fertilization in cattle, it is possible to by-pass the oviduct by producing embryos in vitro and/or by transferring blastocysts recovered from one female into the uterus of another. While there is substantial evidence for the ...
Hurault-Delarue Caroline C Pharmacologie Médicale et Clinique, Centre Midi-Pyrénées de PharmacoVigilance, de Pharmacoépidémiologie et d'Informations sur le Médicament, INSERM UMR 1027, Faculté de Médecine, Université Toulouse 3, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, 37 allées Jules Guesde, 31000, Toulouse, France, - - 2014
The objective of this exposed-unexposed study was to evaluate potential effects of dopamine agonists during pregnancy. Data from EFEMERIS, a cohort of 57,408 pregnant women living in South West France, were used to compare exposed and unexposed women. The exposed group included 183 women (0.3 %) who received at least one ...
Kim Jun-Woo JW Maria Fertility Hospital , Seoul , Republic of - - 2014
Abstract This report describes a successful pregnancy and delivery following oocyte activation with strontium chloride (SrCl2) in couples with repeated complete fertilization failure or low fertilization rates even after calcium ionophore treatment. Eight infertile couples who showed complete fertilization failure or low fertilization rates after conventional intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) ...
Crespilho A M AM School of Veterinary Medicine, Santo Amaro University, UNISA, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two experiments were conducted to compare the effectiveness of different extenders conventionally used for semen cryopreservation to maintain the viability and fertility of cooled bull semen. In Experiment 1, sperm samples obtained from 20 Nellore bulls were preserved at 5°C for 48h using two extenders containing 20% of egg yolk ...
Bellati Filippo F Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Urology, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, - - 2014
To compare the fertility outcome among women subjected to unilateral ovariectomy and other abdominal or non-gynaecologic pelvic surgery. In this retrospective cohort study, 113 fertile women, surgically treated between 1990 and 2001 at Sapienza University of Rome with unilateral ovariectomy (UO), appendectomy (AP) or cholecystectomy (CO) for benign disease, were ...
Egerup Pia P Department of Gynecology, Rigshospitalet University Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
To describe developments in reproductive long-term prognosis in women with a first ectopic pregnancy as compared with two control cohorts. Controlled cohort study. Data were collected from four national Danish registries. All Danish women of reproductive age (15-49 years) through the period 1977-2009 and all reproductive outcomes in these women. ...
Yeh Jason S JS Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North - - 2014
To use a large and recent national registry to provide an updated report on the effect of recipient age on the outcome of donor oocyte in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. Retrospective cohort study. United States national registry for assisted reproductive technology. Recipients of donor oocyte treatment cycles between 2008 and 2010, ...
Cardaropoli Simona S 1 S.Anna Hospital , Turin, Italy - - 2014
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) plays a pivotal role in pregnancy-related proinflammatory processes, such as placentation and labor. Differential MIF concentrations have been correlated with pathological events during pregnancy, such as recurrent miscarriages and severe pre-eclampsia (PE). The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate whether maternal MIF serum ...
Reitter A A Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital Frankfurt, Goethe University, Frankfurt, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to assess pregnancy complications in HIV-positive women and changes in the rates of such complications over 11 years in the Frankfurt HIV Cohort. There were 330 pregnancies in HIV-positive women between 1 January 2002 and 31 December 2012. The rate of pregnancy-related complications, such ...
Cabry Rosalie R Reproductive Medicine and Medical Cytogenetics Department, Regional University Hospital and School of Medicine, Picardie University Jules Verne, CGO, 124 rue Camille Desmoulins, 80054 Amiens, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Women's fertility potential is declining with age because of multiples intrinsic and extrinsic factors such as life style, oxidative stress and/or endocrine disruptors and is affecting the ability of these women to conceive naturally. This declining fertility potential and the late age of motherhood is increasing significantly the number of ...
Ngo Thoai D TD Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK; Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Team, Health System Department, Marie Stopes International, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine predictors of repeat abortion in 3 provinces in Vietnam. In a cross-sectional study between August and December 2011, women who underwent abortion were interviewed after the procedure in 62 public health facilities in Hanoi, Khanh Hoa, and Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC). Information on sociodemographic factors, contraceptive and ...
Alvarez Manuel M Service of Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproduction, University Hospital Quirón Dexeus, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article reports the live birth of a healthy newborn using vitrified-warmed oocytes in a young patient with invasive mucinous ovarian carcinoma (stage Ic). Diagnosis was performed after a laparoscopic left adnexectomy. She underwent two cycles of ovarian stimulation, and 14 oocytes were vitrified before fertility-sparing surgery with uterus preservation ...
D'Elia Priscila Queiroz PQ Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Santa Casa de São Paulo, São Paulo 01221-020, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between MTHFR gene polymorphisms and IVF outcomes in Brazilian women undergoing assisted reproduction treatment. A prospective study was conducted in the Human Reproduction Department at the ABC University School of Medicine and the Ideia Fertility Institute between December 2010 and ...
Aanesen Arthur A IVF-Unit, Sophiahemmet Hospital - - 2014
We here report on results from a prospective study comprising 380 infertile couples undergoing infertility work-up and various treatments for infertility in our clinic. The aim was to investigate the overall birth rate as a result of different treatments, as well as spontaneous pregnancies. Three hundred and eighty couples were ...
- - 2014
: In 2011, one in three women who gave birth in the United States did so by cesarean delivery. Cesarean birth can be life-saving for the fetus, the mother, or both in certain cases. However, the rapid increase in cesarean birth rates from 1996 to 2011 without clear evidence of ...
Guzzo Karen Benjamin KB Bowling Green State - - 2014
An extensive body of research demonstrates that children increase the stability of marriage. However, it is not clear whether the theories explaining greater marital stability among parents can be applied to the increasing number of cohabiting couples who have children, as cohabitation plays more varied roles in the family system ...
- - 2014
In 2011, 1 in 3 women who gave birth in the United States did so by cesarean delivery. Cesarean birth can be lifesaving for the fetus, the mother, or both in certain cases. However, the rapid increase in cesarean birth rates from 1996 through 2011 without clear evidence of concomitant ...
Elliot Rosemary R School of Social and Political Sciences and Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Lilybank House, Bute Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RT, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper explores the close links in medical understandings of miscarriage and abortion in the first half of the twentieth century in Britain. In the absence of a clear legal framework for abortion, and the secrecy surrounding the practice, medical literature suggests contradictory and confused views about women presenting with ...
Aghaamoo Shahrzad S Department of Gynecology, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, - - 2014
Because of high psychological burden and considerable costs of in-vitro fertilization, it is greatly important to identify all factors that may influence its results. In this study, general anesthesia and spinal analgesia used for oocyte retrieval were compared in terms of success in treating infertility among couples who had undergone ...
Callahan Rebecca R Scientist, FHI 360, Durham, NC, USA, - - 2014
Unmet need for contraception has become a central concept in the family planning field and one of the most important indicators for program planning and evaluation. The measure has faced criticism, however, for not taking into account women's stated intention to use contraceptives. Using longitudinal data on more than 2,500 ...
Liang Changhu - - 2014
Retroperitoneal abdominal pregnancy is exceptionally rare. An unusual retroperitoneal pregnancy has a high risk of severe bleeding. Abdominal ultrasonography and whole abdominal computerized tomography scanning should be performed for the early diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy. A case of retroperitoneal ectopic pregnancy located very close to large retroperitoneal blood vessels and ...
Xu Feng-Qin FQ Center of Reproductive Medicine, Tianjin First Central Hospital, Tianjin 300312, P.R. - - 2014
The present study investigated the effect of embryo transfer on post-implantation development using different fertilization approaches in sibling oocyte procedures. C57BL/6, DBA/2, C3H/HeJ and ICR mice were used at 8-10 weeks of age. Mature oocytes were collected, divided into two groups and fertilized using in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm ...
Lee Hae-Hyeog HH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, Republic of - - 2014
I read the two authors' comments regarding cesarean section and fetal death rates (1, 2). Cesarean section is an important topic among obstetricians worldwide. Michelsen stated that cesarean section is not related to perinatal mortality (1). This may imply that declining fetal death rates are not caused by increases in ...
Saurel-Cubizolles M-J MJ INSERM UMR-S 953, Epidemiological Research Unit on Perinatal Health and Women's and Children's Health, Université Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI), Paris, - - 2014
The aim was to estimate the proportion of women who reported cannabis use during pregnancy, to analyse the demographic and social characteristics of users, and the link between cannabis use and either preterm or small-for-gestational-age birth. Data were obtained from interviews of a representative sample of women giving birth in ...
Shah Pankaj P Community Health Department, SEWA-Rural, Jhagadia, - - 2014
To understand changes in epidemiology of maternal mortality in rural India in the context of increasing institutional deliveries and implementation of community-based interventions that can inform policies to reach MDG-5. This study is a secondary analysis of prospectively collected community-based data of every pregnancy and its outcomes from 2002 to ...
Joham A E AE Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Locked Bag 29, Clayton, VIC 3168, - - 2014
Do contraception use, pregnancy outcome and number of children differ in women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? Women with PCOS were less likely to report use of contraception and more likely to report a miscarriage, whilst number of children was similar between groups. The oral contraceptive pill is ...
Georgiou Christos C Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute/Graduate School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Illawarra, New South Wales, Australia; Wollongong Hospital, Illawarra, New South Wales, - - 2014
This manuscript describes five cases of pregnancies and births in women that have previously required the uterine-specific Bakri™ balloon in the management of postpartum haemorrhage. In addition, this manuscript reviews the impact on menses, fertility and subsequent pregnancies as potential surrogate effects on the myometrium and endometrium, when balloon tamponade ...
Bernardi Tina Sybille TS Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Jena University Hospital, Bachstraße 18, 07743, Jena, - - 2014
To evaluate fertility, pregnancy and delivery outcomes after laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) during long-term follow-up. In this single-center retrospective observational study, data were analyzed from 59 women aged 23-42 years with the desire to have children and who underwent LM for symptomatic uterine leiomyoma between January 2001 and December 2006 and subsequently ...
Petersen J F JF Jesper Friis Petersen, MD, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Copenhagen, Hillerød Hospital, Dyrehavevej 29, 3400 Hillerød, Denmark, Tel.: + 45 21 84 84 89, E-mail: - - 2014
Estimating the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) associated with combined hormonal contraceptives following early terminated pregnancies or birth, a Danish nationwide retrospective cohort observing a one-year follow-up was defined using three unique registries. All Danish women with confirmed pregnancies aged 15-49 during the period of 1995-2009 were included. The main ...
Li Yubin Y The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University , Guangzhou , - - 2014
Abstract Both microdrop and open methods are commonly used for in vitro fertilization (IVF) protocols for embryo culture as well as oocyte insemination. However, few comparative studies evaluating the microdrop or open method of insemination on the fertilization outcome and subsequent embryo development have been performed. A randomized study was ...
Al-Matary Abdulrahman - - 2014
Approximately one-fourth of all the inhabitants on earth are Muslims. Due to unprecedented migration, physicians are often confronted with cultures other than their own that adhere to different paradigms. In Islam, and most religions, abortion is forbidden. Islam is considerably liberal concerning abortion, which is dependent on (i) the threat ...
Caprara Daniela D Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Toronto, Toronto - - 2014
Objective: There is limited information about changing trends in the management of HIV-positive pregnancies in Canada as Canadian and international guidelines are updated. We reviewed the experience over a 10-year period of one Canadian urban hospital with regard to trends in the demographics and management of HIV-positive pregnant women. Methods: ...
Smilari P P Unit of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics University of Catania, Catania, Italy - - - 2014
Aim: Multiple pregnancies from spontaneous conception and obtained by assisted reproductive techniques (ART) are associated with a disproportionate share of complications compared with natural singleton pregnancies. The outcome of multiple pregnancies obtained by ART is still the subject of controversial opinions in the medical literature as they are associated with ...
Bohlmann M K MK Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein - Campus Lübeck, - - 2014
Laparoscopic myomectomy is regarded as the gold standard for women with symptomatic fibroids who wish to become pregnant. High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU or MRgFUS) ablation of uterine fibroids is also being discussed as a non-surgical, minimally invasive, therapeutic option. This review examines the available data on the impact of HIFU/MRgFUS ...
Radwan PaweĊ‚ - - 2014
Monozygotic triplet pregnancies are very rare, even after in vitro fertilization (IVF). We present a case of a live birth of triplets from a monochorionic triamniotic pregnancy after blastocyst transfer. A 29-year-old woman underwent intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF-ICSI). Her medical history included a 4-year infertility treatment with ovarian stimulation, three ...
de Vocht Frank F Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, Institute of Population Health, Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United - - 2014
Studies have suggested that exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) may be associated with increased risk of adverse birth outcomes. This study tested the hypothesis that close proximity to residential ELF-EMF sources is associated with a reduction in birth weight and increased the risk of low birthweight (LBW), ...
Hirayama Hiroki H Animal Biotechnology Group, Animal Research Center, Hokkaido Research Organization, Shintoku, Hokkaido, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study was performed to elucidate the changes in IFNT messenger RNA (mRNA) levels in in vivo-fertilized and parthenogenetic bovine embryos and their interferon-τ (IFNT) secretion amounts during the elongation phase. We assessed the induction capability of maternal recognition of pregnancy by parthenogenetic embryos and attempted cotransfer of in vivo-fertilized and parthenogenetic ...
Vanden Meerschaut Frauke F Department for Reproductive Medicine, University Hospital Ghent, De Pintelaan 185 - 1P4, 9000 Ghent, - - 2014
The capacity of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) to permit almost any type of spermatozoa to fertilize oocytes has made it the most successful treatment for male factor infertility. Despite its high success rates, fertilization failure following ICSI still occurs in 1-3% of couples. Assisted oocyte activation (AOA) is being increasingly ...
Desai Ranjana R Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Dr. S.N.Medical College, Jodhpur, - - 2014
Unsafe abortion in the modern world should be an anachronism, yet it occurs with perplexing frequency in the developing world and is indeed its bane. Recently we treated a 21 year old third gravid woman from a remote village who came to us in a condition of shock. The woman ...
Morrell J M JM Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many attempts have been made to identify laboratory tests that are predictive of sperm fertility, both to improve the quality of stallion semen doses for artificial insemination (AI) and to identify potential breeding sires if no fertility data are available. Sperm quality at the stud is mostly evaluated by assessing ...
Quinn Molly M MM Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective was to describe contraceptive methods utilized by young female cancer survivors and determine whether pretreatment fertility counseling decreases unintended pregnancy risk. One thousand and forty-one nongynecologic cancer survivors between18 and 40 years of age responded to a survey of reproductive health, contraceptive methods utilized and history of fertility ...
Komatsu Kouji K K Komatsu, Bio-database Institute of Reproductive an Developmental Medicine, Nagoya, 458-0801, - - 2014
Hormonal stimulation in superovulation induces female mice to ovulate more oocytes compared with spontaneous ovulation. Because the superovulated oocytes contain a number of oocytes that normally regress before spontaneous ovulation or immature oocytes, the development of some embryos that derive from these oocytes by in vitro fertilization (IVF) is prevented. ...
Lai Carman Wing Sze CW Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative - - 2014
To assess the relationship between endometrial / subendometrial vascularity and the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) or small-for-gestational age (SGA) in women who had a livebirth following in-vitro fertilization (IVF). This was a retrospective study including 151 women who had livebirth after IVF from November 2002 to December 2004. Only ...
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