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Krause Megan L ML Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, - - 2014
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease of synovial joints, can lead to chronic pain and structural joint damage, as well as other organ involvement, especially if not adequately controlled. Because it can affect women in their reproductive years, care of pregnant women with RA requires a delicate balance ...
Paffoni Alessio A Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda (A.P., S.F., A.T., L.F., E.S.), Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy; Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit (P.V., L.P., E.P.), San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy; Università Vita-Salute (M.C.), San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy; University of Milan - - 2014
Context: Vitamin D deficiency has been proven to affect fertility in mammals, but data in human is less convincing. In particular, data on in vitro fertilization (IVF), an attractive model to draw information on this topic, are sparse and conflicting. Objective: To investigate IVF outcome in women with deficient 25-hydroxy-vitamin ...
Vázquez Vanessa V *Grupo de Antropología, Facultad de Biología,Universidad de La - - 2014
Summary This paper assesses the reproductive and abortion patterns of women living in Plaza de la Revolución, a municipality of Havana, Cuba, by studying the factors influencing birth and abortion rates. Socio-demographic data and female reproductive histories were collected in a survey of 1200 post-menopausal women living in the municipality. ...
Toshimitsu Masatake M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
To clarify the association between preconception fertility status and obstetric outcomes in women aged 40 years and older. Retrospective study by reviewing medical records. Tertiary perinatal center in a university hospital. 330 women aged 40 years and older who delivered a singleton from 2006 to 2010, and 450 women aged 30 to ...
Exavery Amon - - 2014
While unintended pregnancies pose a serious threat to the health and well-being of families globally, characteristics of Tanzanian women who conceive unintentionally are rarely documented. This analysis identifies factors associated with unintended pregnancies--both mistimed and unwanted--in three rural districts of Tanzania. A cross-sectional survey of 2,183 random households was conducted ...
Gernand A D AD 1] Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA, USA [2] Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, - - 2014
Objective:To examine the association between maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and adverse labor and delivery outcomes.Study Design:We measured serum 25(OH)D at ⩽26 weeks gestation in a random subsample of vertex, singleton pregnancies in women who labored (n=2798) from the 12-site Collaborative Perinatal Project (1959 to 1966). We used labor and delivery ...
Liu Jianfeng J College of Life Sciences, Jilin Normal University, Siping, 136000, Jilin Province, China, - - 2014
Unlike most angiosperms, in which fertilization occurs within several days after pollination, fertilization in hazel (Corylus Spp.) is delayed by two to three and a half months. However, the female inflorescences or young fruits are too hard or lignified to be dissected according to regular paraffin sectioning technique. So, what ...
Asato Kozue K Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate School of Medical Science, University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara, Okinawa, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obstetric complications occur more frequently in pregnancies after in vitro fertilization (IVF). We attempted to determine the correlation between subchorionic hematoma and IVF pregnancies. We analyzed 194 pregnancies achieved by infertility treatment between January 2008 and February 2012 at our hospital. Among these, 67 were achieved by IVF and 127 ...
Dattilo Maurizio - - 2014
Sperm chromatin structure is often impaired; mainly due to oxidative damage. Antioxidant treatments do not consistently produce fertility improvements and, when given at high doses, they might block essential oxidative processes such as chromatin compaction. This study was intended to assess the effect on male sub-fertility of a pure one ...
Whiteman V E VE Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, College of - - 2014
The study purpose was to assess the relationship between various grades of preterm birth (moderate preterm: 33-36 weeks; severe preterm: 27-32 weeks; extreme preterm: ≤ 26 weeks) in the first pregnancy and neonatal mortality (death within 28 days of birth; early: 0-7 days; late: 8-28 days) in the second pregnancy. ...
James Andra H AH Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To characterize antithrombin (AT) levels in normal pregnancy. We performed secondary analyses with data from 3 studies. Using a single measurement from each subject in the first analysis (cross-sectional), we correlated AT levels with gestational age from the middle of the second trimester throughout the third trimester of pregnancy. Using ...
Jayasena Channa N - - 2014
BACKGROUND. Patients with mutations that inactivate kisspeptin signaling are infertile. Kisspeptin-54, the major circulating isoform of kisspeptin in humans, potently stimulates reproductive hormone secretion in humans. Animal studies suggest that kisspeptin is involved in generation of the luteinizing hormone surge, which is required for ovulation; therefore, we hypothesized that kisspeptin-54 ...
Bolden Janelle R JR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, - - 2014
Preterm birth occurs in 12% of all births in the United States. Preterm labor precedes approximately half of these births. Tocolysis is used in the short term to prolong pregnancy long enough to administer corticosteroids and/or facilitate transfer to a tertiary care center. A number of agents have been used ...
Fujimori Keiya K Radiation Medical Science Center for the Fukushima Health Management - - 2014
Background: On 11 March 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake followed by a powerful tsunami hit the Pacific Coast of Northeast Japan and damaged Tokyo Electric Power Company's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, causing a radiation hazard in Fukushima Prefecture. The objective of this report is to describe some results ...
Ajrouche Roula R Department of Environmental Epidemiology of Cancers, INSERM, Villejuif, France, - - 2014
To investigate the potential involvement of fertility treatments and other conditions of becoming pregnant (infertility, getting pregnant on birth control, maternal history of fetal loss) and folic acid supplements in the etiology of childhood leukemia (CL). The ESTELLE study included 747 cases of CL [636 cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia ...
Kiykac Altinbas Sadiman S Etlik Zubeyde Hanim Women's Health Training and Research Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the knowledge and preference of preconceptional contraception to future postpartum contraceptive method choice in high-risk pregnancies. Does a high-risk pregnancy condition affect future postpartum contraceptive method choice? Women hospitalised at the High Risk Pregnancy unit of a tertiary research and training hospital were asked to complete a self-reported ...
Fotso Jean Christophe - - 2014
In spite of major gains in contraceptive prevalence over the last few decades, many women in most parts of the developing world who would like to delay or avoid pregnancy do not use any method of contraception. This paper seeks to: a) examine whether experiencing an unintended pregnancy is associated ...
Ishida Hiromi H Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yamagata University Faculty of Medicine, 2-2-2 Iidanishi, Yamagata, 990-9585, - - 2014
A pregnancy that is complicated by a uterine prolapse is rare and primarily occurs in multiparous women during their first or second trimester. In the present report, we describe a case of a 31-year-old nulliparous woman who experienced sudden uterine prolapse at 38 weeks' gestation without labor pains. The cervix was ...
Yuan Shuiqiao - - 2014
Both DICER and DROSHA are RNase III enzymes involved in the biogenesis of small noncoding RNAs. DROSHA cleaves the stem-loop portion of the primary miRNAs and produces precursor miRNAs in the nucleus, whereas DICER processes double-stranded RNA precursors into mature miRNAs and endo-siRNAs in the cytoplasm. Selective inactivation of Dicer ...
O'Neill Sinéad M SM National Perinatal Epidemiology Centre, Anu Research Centre, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Cork University Maternity Hospital, Cork, - - 2014
With cesarean section rates increasing worldwide, clarity regarding negative effects is essential. This study aimed to investigate the rate of subsequent stillbirth, miscarriage, and ectopic pregnancy following primary cesarean section, controlling for confounding by indication. We performed a population-based cohort study using Danish national registry data linking various registers. The ...
Salmani Deepalaxmi D Department of Anatomy, Malabar Medical College and Research Centre, Modakkallur, Atholi, Kerala, - - 2014
Hypertension is one of the most common complication during pregnancy. It contributes significantly to maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. This study was designed to investigate the morphological and histopathological changes in placenta from pregnancies complicated with hypertension. To study the morbid changes in placenta in cases of pregnancy-induced hypertension ...
Smedberg Janne - - 2014
Some women continue smoking during pregnancy despite the extensive information available on the dangers smoking poses to their fetus. This study aimed to examine the prevalence and determinants of smoking before and during pregnancy and the extent of smoking during pregnancy from a European perspective in relation to maternal sociodemographic ...
Suhag Anju A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Cervical cerclage is an obstetric procedure performed for prevention of prematurity. Cerclage was first introduced by Drs Shirodkar and McDonald in the mid-1950s for women with repeated second trimester losses and cervical changes in current pregnancy. Currently, cerclage placement is based on 3 common indications in singleton gestations, including history-indicated ...
Figueira Rita de Cássia Sávio RD Fertility - Centro de Fertilização Assistida, Av. Brigadeiro Luis Antonio 4545, São Paulo, SP, 01401-002, - - 2014
To determine whether Brazilian egg donation treatment outcomes with oocytes donated from infertile couples are equivalent to those obtained worldwide with oocytes donated from fertile egg-donors. In this descriptive study, egg-donation cycles from 259 women, performed from January 2009 to July 2013, were evaluated. Oocytes were obtained from patients undergoing ...
Hessel Marloes M Jeroen Bosch Hospital, Obstetrics and Gynecology, PO Box 90153, 5200 ME, - - 2014
Many fertility clinics have decided to abolish the post-coital test. Yet, it is a significant factor in prognostic models that predict the spontaneous pregnancy rate within one year. The aim of this study was to evaluate 1) the long-term outcome of infertile couples with a positive or a negative post-coital ...
Budinetz Tara H TH Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Center for Advanced Reproductive Services, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, - - 2014
To compare the rate of congenital anomalies, obstetrical complications, and neonatal complications in antagonist cycles where either GnRH agonist (GnRHa) or hCG was used for final oocyte maturation. Retrospective cohort study. University-based tertiary fertility center. Three hundred ninety-two women under 40 years of age who underwent controlled ovarian stimulation using a ...
Kishi Yohei Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Takanohara Central Hospital, Nara, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To analyze the determinants of successful pregnancy following laparoscopic adenomyomectomy. Retrospective cohort study. A general hospital. A total of 102 women who had a desire for pregnancy underwent laparoscopic adenomyomectomy from 2007 to 2012. Surgical excision of the uterine adenomyosis; statistical analysis for fertility outcomes. Pregnancy rates and the results of ...
Kharbanda Elyse O EO HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research, Minneapolis, MN. Electronic address: - - 2014
In response to widespread pertussis outbreaks and infant deaths, in 2010, the California Department of Health (CDPH) and in 2011 the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) advised that the tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine be administered during pregnancy. Goals of this study were to ...
Johannisson A A 1Department of Anatomy,Physiology and Biochemistry,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences,Box - - 2014
The decrease in foaling rates after artificial insemination with cooled semen warrants the search for new predictors of fertility. The objectives were to investigate levels of naturally occurring reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cooled, stored stallion semen doses for artificial insemination (AI), and their relationship with parameters of semen quality ...
Jiménez-Trigos E E Institute of Science and Animal Technology, Laboratorio de Biotecnología de la Reproducción, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, - - 2014
Intraoviductal oocyte transfer in combination with in vivo fertilization has arisen as an alternative method to induce pregnancies from cryopreserved oocytes in rabbits. In this study, offspring were obtained for the first time from vitrified rabbit oocytes using this technique. In all the experiments, recipients were artificially inseminated 9 hours before oocyte ...
Tulandi Togas T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McGill University. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of abdominal cerclage by laparoscopy versus laparotomy and preconceptional versus postconceptional. We evaluated 16 studies of abdominal cerclage involving a total of 678 cases published between 1990 and 2013. We estimated the effect of laparotomy (over laparoscopy) and the effect of preconceptional (over postconceptional) using a ...
Doody Kevin J KJ Center for Assisted Reproduction, Bedford, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2014
Clinics performing assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures have collected data via registry and publicly reported pregnancy outcomes for more than 25 years. During this time, the practice of ART has changed considerably with frozen embryo transfer (FET) procedures contributing an increasing proportion of live births. Cycles initiated with the intent of ...
Shavit T T IVF Unit, Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department, Hillel Yaffe Medical Centre, Hadera, Rappaport School of Medicine, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are at increased risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in controlled ovarian hyperstimulation cycles. Interventions to reduce the risk of OHSS in these patients include in-vitro fertilization (IVF) with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist, and retrieval of immature oocytes followed by in-vitro maturation (IVM). ...
Casterline John B JB Lazarus Professor in Population Studies, Department of Sociology, Ohio State University, 238 Townshend Hall, 1885 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210.. - - 2014
This study assesses how changes in unmet need for family planning have contributed to contemporary fertility declines, and the implications of this historical record for further fertility decline, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. We examine joint trends at the national level in fertility, unintended fertility, and unmet need. We bring unintended ...
Jejeebhoy Shireen J SJ Senior Associate, Population Council, India, Zone 5A, Ground Floor, India Habitat Centre, Lodi Road, New Delhi, India, 110003. - - 2014
In India, evidence is sparse regarding the demand for contraception to delay first pregnancy among married young people. Using data drawn from a study conducted in six Indian states among 9,572 women aged 15-24 who were married for five or fewer years, we explore the scope of this demand, the ...
Guo Jia - - 2014
To assess the effects of using Chinese herbs in assisted reproductive technology. Four hundred and thirty-three subjects aged less than 42 years with infertility due to Fallopian tube or male-related factors who were willing to undertake in vitro fertilization and embryo transplantation were randomly allocated to a Chinese herb intervention ...
Lausten Hansen Mette M Department of Occupational Medicine, Danish Ramazzini Center, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, - - 2014
To investigate if parity, fertility treatment, body mass index (BMI), time to pregnancy (TTP), and engagement in physical exercise are risk factors for sickness absence during pregnancy weeks 10 to 30. We use data from The Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) and the Danish Register for Evaluation of Marginalisation (DREAM). ...
Aflatoonian Abbas A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2014
Increased serum progesterone on the day of human chorionic gonadotropin administration may affect in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether progesterone elevation on the day of human chorionic gonadotropin administration is associated with poor IVF outcome. To determine the relationship between serum progesterone ...
Dominick Sally A SA Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, 3855 Health Sciences Drive #0901, La Jolla, CA, 92093-0901, - - 2014
Little is known about pregnancy attempts among female young cancer survivors (YCS). We sought to determine fertility preservation (FP), demographic, cancer, and reproductive characteristics associated with pregnancy attempts after cancer. We recruited 251 female YCS (ages 18-44) to complete a survey on reproductive health outcomes. We used log-binomial regression models ...
Eissa Asma A AA Clinical Research Fellow, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Royal Free Hospital, London, - - 2014
Pregnancies in women with sickle cell disease (SCD) are known to have high rates of maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. Given these pregnancy-associated problems for women with SCD, advice both about pregnancy planning and about effective contraception are of paramount importance. This study sought to discover the contraception methods ...
Shaoqin Ge G Hebei University Health Science Center, Baoding 071000, China; The Institute for Reproductive Medicine of Hebei University, Baoding 071000, - - 2014
Spermatogenesis is a highly complex process involving mitotic cell division, meiosis and the process of spermiogenesis, during which unique and extensive chromatin and epigenetic modifications are remodeled to bring about specific epigenetic profiles for spermatozoa. Recent studies have shown that epigenetic modifications in mature spermatozoon play an important role in ...
Yeh Jason S JS Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North - - 2014
To use a large US IVF database and compare pregnancy outcomes in fresh donor oocyte versus autologous IVF cycles in women age 20-30 years. Retrospective cohort study. Not applicable. Women undergoing fresh autologous ovarian stimulation, and oocyte donors and recipients in the United States between 2008 and 2010. None. Implantation, clinical ...
Griffin Daniel D Center for Advanced Reproductive Services, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, - - 2014
To evaluate the percentage (%) of mature oocytes retrieved in patients with a previous history of >25% immature oocytes retrieved who were triggered with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to induce oocyte maturation. Retrospective cohort study. A university-based tertiary fertility center. Patients with a history of ...
von Wolff M M University Women's Hospital, Division of Gynaecological Endocrinology and Reproductive Medicine, University of Berne, Effingerstrasse 102, 3010 Berne, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Natural-cycle IVF has been suggested as an alternative IVF treatment. However, efficacy is limited due to high premature ovulation rates, resulting in low transfer rates. This study investigates whether low dosages of clomiphene citrate reduce premature ovulation rate and increase transfer rate. Of 112 women included (aged 35.2 ± 4.5 years) ...
Karaca Nilay N IVF Center, 29 Mayis Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To report the first case of a successful pregnancy obtained with an infertile 29-year-old man with a homozygous mutation in the spermatogenesis-specific gene SPATA16 after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Case report. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) center. A couple who suffered from infertility of whom the husband was globozoospermic and carrying ...
Cakar Emel E Bakırköy Maternity and Children's Hospital, Department of Neonatology, İstanbul, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the prognosis of infants born to multiple pregnancies obtained by in vitro fertilization (IVF) or spontaneously. The records of multiple pregnancies in Bakirkoy Maternity and Children's Hospital between February 2008 and January 2009 were investigated. Maternal, perinatal and postnatal data of multiple ...
Kassebaum Nicholas J NJ Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA, USA; Pediatric Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seattle Children's Hospital, School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The fifth Millennium Development Goal (MDG 5) established the goal of a 75% reduction in the maternal mortality ratio (MMR; number of maternal deaths per 100,000 livebirths) between 1990 and 2015. We aimed to measure levels and track trends in maternal mortality, the key causes contributing to maternal death, and ...
Guseh Stephanie S Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Our institution implemented a policy preventing elective delivery at less than 39 weeks of gestation. We assessed its effect accounting for potential inaccuracies in pregnancy dating. We analyzed a cohort of singleton pregnancies delivered by elective repeat cesarean delivery before and after the policy change. We excluded anyone with an ...
Garbe Gretchen G Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, - - 2014
The following is a case of a monochorionic-triamnionic triplet pregnancy after embryo transfer after in vitro fertilization. A 29-year-old woman with a history of unexplained infertility underwent controlled ovarian hyperstimulation and transvaginal retrieval of 21 metaphase II oocytes. Fertilization was accomplished using intracytoplasmic sperm injection, and two fresh embryos were ...
Vendittelli Françoise - - 2014
The number of infants with a birth weight > 97th percentile for gestational age has increased over the years. Although some studies have examined the interest of inducing labor for fetuses with macrosomia suspected in utero, only a few have analyzed this suspected macrosomia according to estimated weight at each ...
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