Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1249
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Brady Paula C - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Uterine fibroids, the most common neoplasm of reproductive-aged women, can have a significant impact on quality of life, and may affect fertility and pregnancy outcomes. Although it is generally accepted that submucosal fibroids are of clinical significance, the effect of intramural and subserosal fibroids, and the benefit ...
Traeger-Synodinos J - - 2013
Prenatal diagnosis (PND) and preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) both represent highly important reproductive choices for couples with a high risk of transmitting a severe disease, such as a severe hemoglobinopathy. Conventional PND for hemoglobinopathies based on molecular analysis of trophoblast or amniocyte DNA has been applied for around 30 years, but ...
Dar Shir S CReATe Fertility Center, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. - - 2013
To investigate differences in fertilization, clinical pregnancy, and miscarriage rates between men with a markedly high sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) (>50%) and those with low DFI (≤ 15%) in couples matched by female partner age and ovarian reserve as determined by antimüllerian hormone (AMH) level. Retrospective cohort study. University-affiliated ...
Carvalho L F P - - 2013
Increasing evidence suggests that female infertility is associated with endometriosis. Indeed, 40% of women with this disease are infertile. However, a causal relationship has not yet been established, and the possible pathophysiology of infertility in this disease also has not been completely elucidated. In this article, we analyze the mechanisms ...
Wright Sarah D - - 2013
This is a case series of women presenting to a tertiary care centre with a diagnosis of interstitial pregnancy. Dilatation and evacuation was performed under ultrasound control with systemic methotrexate post-operatively. All women had successful termination of their interstitial pregnancy. Although described in the international literature, this is the first ...
Siano Linda - - 2013
To evaluate the outcome of a newly established oocyte vitrification program in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) within a short timeframe by simultaneously evaluating embryos derived from vitrified and fresh oocytes from the same stimulated cycle. Cohort prospective controlled trial and case-control study. University-based tertiary fertility center. Fourteen women ...
Hussain Rubina - - 2013
Despite advances in reproductive health law, many Filipino women experience unintended pregnancies, and because abortion is highly stigmatized in the country, many who seek abortion undergo unsafe procedures. This report provides a summary of reproductive health indicators in the Philippines—in particular, levels of contraceptive use, unplanned pregnancy and unsafe abortion—and ...
Mehta Bindu N - - 2013
Oocyte quality may be a governing factor in influencing in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes. However, morphological evaluation of oocyte quality is difficult in conventional IVF cycles. Follicular-fluid (FF), the site for oocyte growth and development, has not yet been sufficiently explored to obtain a marker indicative of oocyte quality. Anti-Mullerian ...
Codreanu Dorina D University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Carol Davila", Bucharest, - - 2013
With the introduction of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), couples with severe male factor infertility have been able to achieve fertilization and clinical pregnancy rates comparable to other in vitro fertilization patients. However, despite the utilization of microsurgical sperm injection techniques, failure of fertilization still occurs in a few patients. How ...
Heck Julia E JE Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, 650 Charles E. Young Drive, Box 951772, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1772, USA. - - 2013
Hepatoblastoma is a malignant embryonal tumor typically diagnosed in children younger than five years of age. Little is known on hepatoblastoma etiology. We matched California Cancer Registry records of hepatoblastomas diagnosed in children younger than age 6 from 1988 to 2007 to birth records using a probabilistic record linkage program, ...
Mallard Simonette R - - 2013
New Zealand's Chief Science Advisor has recommended weight loss interventions be made available to women planning a pregnancy. In a postpartum survey of 723 New Zealand women, 44% of all pregnancies were unplanned, and in multivariate analysis, younger women, women with less income, women with higher parity, and single women ...
Botchan Amnon - - 2013
Sperm cryopreservation is the best modality to ensure future fertility for males diagnosed with cancer. The extent to which cryopreserved sperm is actually used for impregnation, the fertility treatment options that are available and the success rates of these treatments have not been investigated in depth. The medical records of ...
Celikten Ayse - - 2013
PURPOSE: We aimed to compare the outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles in ostructive and nonobstructive azoospermic men. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we searched the first ICSI cycle parameters of 211 azoospermic men. Our main outcomes were the average fertilization rate, implantation rate, pregnancy and miscarriage rates. RESULTS: ...
Fumarola Angela - - 2013
PROBLEM: Thyroid disease is one of the most common endocrine conditions affecting women during reproductive age. A link between thyroid and assisted reproduction outcome is debated. METHOD OF STUDY: Serum TSH levels, number and scoring of oocytes and embryos, and number of clinical pregnancies were retrospectively recorded in 164 women ...
Bhilawadikar Rashmi - - 2013
PURPOSE: To compare the expression profiles of Tektin 2 and CatSper 2 motility proteins in the spermatozoa of normozoospermic and oligoasthenozoospermic men and determine its correlation with sperm motility, fertilization rate, embryo quality and pregnancy rate. METHODS: Tektin 2 and CatSper 2 protein expression was studied using Western Blotting and ...
Parazzini Fabio - - 2013
Background: In recent years, epidemiological data showed that the incidence of ectopic pregnancies (EP) is decreasing, but few data are available on the time trend in Southern European populations. Methods: Using data from the Lombardy Region Database, we calculated and standardized the EP rates/10,000 resident women and the ratios/1,000 pregnancies. ...
Alves Elisabete - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy affords opportunities for health promotion and disease prevention. We worked with a population-based cohort of women who gave birth in Portugal to quantify the proportion of women who quit smoking during pregnancy, the proportion of these women who continued to abstain 4 years after delivery, and the determinants ...
Lin Wen-Qin WQ Reproductive Medcine Center, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China. - - 2013
The objective of this study was to investigate the predictive value of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) on fertilization rate (FR), blastocyst development, embryo quality, the outcome of the pregnancy and the live birth rate (LBR) following in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). In this prospective study outcomes were followed ...
Chang Ching-Chien - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the process of oocyte vitrification affects oocyte viability in in vitro fertilization (IVF) patients between 30 and 39 years of age. DESIGN: Prospective controlled study. SETTING: Private IVF practice. PATIENT(S): A total of 30 women assigned and 22 qualified. INTERVENTION(S): Denudation of oocytes, cryopreservation of oocytes using ...
Gerli Sandro - - 2013
A new fertility assessment after a B-Lynch suture without a concomitant uterine devascularization is proposed. The case of a 37-year-old woman who experienced postpartum hemorrhage due to uterine atony during cesarean delivery of the previous pregnancy is reported. A B-Lynch brace suturing technique, not associated to any other hemostatic surgical ...
Shin Seung Bi - - 2013
We evaluated the fertilization potential of immature oocytes obtained from controlled ovarian hyperstimulation cycles of patients undergoing ICSI. We retrospectively analyzed 463 ICSI cycles containing at least one immature oocyte at oocyte denudation. ICSI was performed on mature oocytes at oocyte denudation (metaphase-II [MII] oocytes) and the oocytes that extruded ...
Straughen Jennifer K - - 2013
To determine how obligatory single embryo transfer (SET) and elective SET influence pregnancy outcome. We compared women who underwent obligatory and elective SET using data from a comprehensive, population-based register from the United Kingdom Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority, which contained all in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatments administered between 1991 ...
Wang Shaoguang - - 2013
Herein is described the case of a 28-year-old woman in whom uterine artery embolization (UAE) was performed to treat intramural ectopic pregnancy. The intramural ectopic pregnancy was diagnosed at magnetic resonance imaging, which showed a gestational sac surrounded completely by myometrium. The UAE procedure was uncomplicated, with satisfactory results. Intramural ...
Kamal S M Mostafa SM Department of Mathematics, Islamic University, Kushtia, - - 2013
This paper explores the relationship between domestic violence against women inflicted by husbands, unwanted pregnancy and pregnancy termination of Bangladeshi urban women. The study used the nationally representative 2007 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) data. The BDHS covered a representative sample of 10,996 ever married women from rural and ...
Lazaros Leandros - - 2013
The association of sperm nuclear chromatin condensation and ploidy with embryo development and outcome after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) was explored. The study population consisted of 16 couples referred to Ioannina University Medical School In vitro Fertilization Unit with male factor infertility and serious impairments in sperm nuclear chromatin condensation ...
Rafie Sally - - 2013
Family planning remains a high priority area for the United States, with goals to increase the proportion of pregnancies that are intended, reduce pregnancy rates among adolescents, and increase contraceptive use prioritized in the Healthy People 2020 objectives. Contraception intended for use after unprotected intercourse, known as emergency contraception, remains ...
Maruyama Tetsuo - - 2013
Women with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI)/premature ovarian failure exhibit hypergonadotropic hypogonadism due to follicle dysfunction and depletion before the age of 40 years. Because ovulation is extremely rare and thought to be unpredictable in women with POI and because no ovulation induction regimens have been shown to be efficacious, oocyte ...
Sullivan E A - - 2013
STUDY QUESTION: Have changes in assisted reproductive technology (ART) practice and outcomes occurred globally between 2003 and 2004? SUMMARY ANSWER: Globally, ART practice has changed with an increasing prevalence of the use of ICSI rather than conventional IVF. In 2004, a small but increasing number of countries are incorporating single ...
Qahtani Nourah Al - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will address fertility and pregnancy outcome in women with history of uterine rupture. RECENT FINDINGS: Increasing rates of primary Cesarean delivery and vaginal birth after one or more Cesarean sections will lead to higher rates of uterine rupture. Recent advances in reproductive medicine, open fetal ...
Yin Li - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Previous studies inconsistently suggest that assisted reproduction technology (ART) may increase the risk of birth defects in children. METHOD(S): Live birth infants, conceived by in vitro fertilization fresh embryo transfer (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection fresh embryo transfer (ICSI), or frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) in Reproductive Center of Tongji Hospital ...
Koop Klaas - - 2013
To the Editor: The description in the Case Record by Getahun et al. of uterine rupture during labor (Nov. 8 issue)(1) raises awareness about the possibility of this catastrophic event, which occurs far too often in low-resource settings, even when obstetric services are available.(2) Uterine rupture occurs almost exclusively in ...
- - 2013
To the Editor: The description in the Case Record by Getahun et al. of uterine rupture during labor (Nov. 8 issue)(1) raises awareness about the possibility of this catastrophic event, which occurs far too often in low-resource settings, even when obstetric services are available.(2) Uterine rupture occurs almost exclusively in ...
Cotte Jean - - 2013
To the Editor: The description in the Case Record by Getahun et al. of uterine rupture during labor (Nov. 8 issue)(1) raises awareness about the possibility of this catastrophic event, which occurs far too often in low-resource settings, even when obstetric services are available.(2) Uterine rupture occurs almost exclusively in ...
Benaglia Laura - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate IVF outcome in women with unoperated bilateral endometriomas. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective cohort study. SETTINGS: Two infertility units. PATIENT(S): Thirty-nine women with bilateral endometriomas matched with 78 unexposed control subjects. INTERVENTION(S): Analysis of data from patients who underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF)-intracytoplasmic sperm injection. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Ovarian responsiveness ...
Brodin Thomas T Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. - - 2013
Previous studies have suggested that antimüllerian hormone (AMH) levels are positively associated with in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome through their relationship with oocyte yield and not by reflecting oocyte or embryo quality. The aim was to investigate whether AMH levels are associated with pregnancy and live-birth rates and whether the ...
Johnson Alicia J - - 2013
Metal-on-metal (MoM) hip resurfacing has been used in many young, active patients, including women of childbearing age. While ion levels have been measured in mothers with MoM hip resurfacing and their babies, little is known about how these ions affect child development. Out of 1300, MoM hip resurfacing surgeries, we ...
Taglauer E S - - 2013
Maspin is a serine protease inhibitor involved in regulating human placental trophoblast cell migration. Maspin has not been studied in preeclampsia (PE) or relative to the maternal-fetal immunological relationship, both of which may involve altered trophoblast migration. We examined maspin expression in placentas from in vitro fertilization (IVF) and egg donor ...
Tulchinsky H - - 2013
AIM: The effect of restorative proctocolectomy (RPC) on fertility and pregnancy in women with ulcerative colitis (UC) was evaluated. METHOD: Post-RPC female UC patients attempting to become pregnant filled out questionnaires on fertility and pregnancy. Demographic and pouch data of pregnancies ending with delivery were collected from a prospective database. ...
Lo Jamie O - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The incidence of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy is increasing and is associated with maternal mortality worldwide. This review provides the obstetrician with an update of the current issues concerning hypertension and maternal mortality. RECENT FINDINGS: Preeclampsia affects about 3% of pregnancies, and all other hypertensive disorders complicate ...
Hayford Sarah R SR T. Denny Sanford School of Social and Family Dynamics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA. - - 2013
Racial and ethnic differences in unintended fertility are well documented, but mechanisms underlying these differences are poorly understood. To identify the factors that may contribute to such disparities, differences in distal characteristics theoretically linked to unintended fertility-such as the motivation to avoid a pregnancy-need to be identified. Data on sexual ...
Vélez M P - - 2013
Public financing of IVF aims at increasing access to treatment while decreasing the expenses associated with multiple pregnancies. Critics argue that it is associated with lower pregnancy rates. This study compared cycles performed during 2009 (before implementation of Quebec's public IVF programme; period I) to those performed in the year ...
Assefa Nega - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine pregnancy, pregnancy loss and fertility rates in a rural community of Ethiopia. DESIGN: A prospective population-based pregnancy surveillance. SETTING: Kersa Demographic Surveillance and Health Research Center, a Demographic Surveillance Site in Eastern Ethiopia. POPULATION: For pregnancy rates, the study included 7738 women of reproductive age permanently residing ...
Islam M Mazharul - - 2013
Background: The long tradition of high prevalence of consanguineous marriages in Omani society may have ramifications for reproductive behaviour and health of offspring. Aim: To examine the relevance of consanguinity to reproductive behaviour, adverse pregnancy outcome and offspring mortality in Oman. Subjects and methods: The data analysed came from the ...
Pagnoux Christian - - 2013
Despite the rarity of vasculitides, fertility and pregnancy outcome in the setting of vasculitis have become a major topic of interest within the past decade. The potential impact of vasculitis therapies, particularly cyclophosphamide, has been examined to some extent, but data are limited on the possible impact of the disease ...
Woog Vanessa - - 2013
Although pregnancy termination is restricted by law in Tanzania, it is widely practiced and almost always unsafe,and contributes to the country's high maternal morbidity and mortality. Yet the majority of abortion-related deaths are preventable, as are the unintended pregnancies associated with abortion. Better access to contraceptives, more comprehensive postabortion care ...
Yen Sophia - - 2013
CME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES1.Identify and explain the four currently available methods of emergency contraception.2.Discuss the risk and benefits of intrauterine devices as a first-line option for contraception in adolescents.3.Review strategies for explaining the most common contraceptive methods to an adolescent. The US has the highest pregnancy rate of any industrialized nation, ...
Alvarez Cristina - - 2013
Background & objectives: The major cause of fertilisation failure after ICSI is failure of the oocyte to initiate the biochemical processes necessary for activation. This inability could be ascribed to cytoplasmic immaturity of those gametes even if they had reached nuclear maturity. The activation of a mature oocyte is characterised ...
Kim Ji Won - - 2013
A tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA) during pregnancy following oocyte retrieval is extremely rare. We report a rare case of pregnancy complicated by the development of a TOA following in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) that was treated successfully with laparoscopy. We also review all similar cases reported in the English-language literature.
Chevrier Cécile - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: People in developed countries are widely exposed to low levels of organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). Seafood is a major contributor to PCB exposure. Toxicity of those various pollutants to reproductive and endocrine functions raises questions about possible effects on fertility. We explored whether ...
Stirnemann Julien J - - 2013
When, within the female cycle, does conception occur in spontaneously fertile cycles? This study provides reference values of day-specific probabilities of date of conception in ongoing pregnancies. The maximum probability of being within a 5-day fertile window was reached on Day 12 following the last menstrual period (LMP). The true ...
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