Search Results
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Chimote Natachandra M NM Department of Embryology, Vaunshdhara Clinic and Assisted Conception Centre, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India ; Department of Endocrinology, Vaunshdhara Clinic and Assisted Conception Centre, Nagpur, Maharashtra, - - 2013
Blastocyst stage embryo transfer (ET) has become routine practice in recent years. However, probably due to limitations of assisted hatching techniques, expanded blastocyst transfer (EBT) is still the preferred mode. Inexplicably, not much consideration has been given to spontaneously hatching/hatched blastocyst transfer (SHBT). This study aimed to investigate developmental potential ...
Xu Hongwei H Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of - - 2013
Rural-to urban migration is increasingly common among youth and could affect sexual activities. We use life history calendar data collected in Kisumu, Kenya, to investigate how the timing and number of rural-to-urban moves are associated with premarital pregnancy. Among sexually experienced young women aged 18-24 (N=226), 39 percent have experienced ...
Ghasemian Fatemeh F Biology Faculty, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran. ; Reproductive Health Research Center, Alzahra Educational and Remedial Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, - - 2013
Background: Abnormal oocyte morphology has been associated with the hormonal environment to which the gametes are exposed. Objective: In this study, we evaluated the oocytes morphology, fertilization rate, embryos quality, and implantation rate resulted of retrieved oocytes in different times after human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) administration. Materials and Methods: A ...
Larsen Pernille Stemann PS Section of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen. - - 2013
During the past 25 years, many pregnancy and birth cohorts have been established. Each cohort provides unique opportunities for examining associations of early-life exposures with child development and health. However, to fully exploit the large amount of available resources and to facilitate cross-cohort collaboration, it is necessary to have accessible ...
Chen Ling-Wei - - 2013
To examine changes in food consumption during pregnancy and the postpartum period in women of major Asian ethnic groups. Using interviewer-administered questionnaires, we assessed changes in food consumption during pregnancy (26-28 weeks' gestation) and the postpartum period (3 weeks after delivery) as compared with the usual pre-pregnancy diet. Singapore. Pregnant ...
Udjo Eric O - - 2013
maternal mortality estimates for South Africa have methodological weaknesses. This study uses the Growth Balance Method to adjust reported household female deaths and pregnancy-related deaths and the relational Gompertz model to adjust reported number of live births and estimate maternal mortality in South Africa at national and provincial level; examines ...
Lindberg Laura Duberstein - - 2013
While recently there have been renewed interest in women's childbearing intentions, the authors sought to bring needed research attention to understanding men's childbearing intentions. Nationally representative data from the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) was used to examine pregnancy intentions and happiness for all births reported by men ...
Lurie Samuel - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To assess whether labor length differs by week of gestation. Methods: In this observational cross sectional study, we compared duration of labor by gestational age (36 + 0 through 40 + 6 weeks) in primiparous singleton parturients with vertex presentation. Data were acquired for a period of 24 months (2010-2011). Results: In ...
Mora-Esteves Cesar - - 2013
Oxidative stress can contribute to impairment in spermatogenesis leading to male-factor infertility. The effectiveness of various antioxidants (such as carnitine, vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, carotenoids, glutathione, N-acetylcysteine, zinc, folic acid, and coenzyme Q10) is variable with respect to improving semen parameters and pregnancy rates. A recent Cochrane review determined ...
Kasum Miro - - 2013
Abstract The aim of this review is to analyze the relationship between the preovulatory progesterone (P) rise and the in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancy outcome. It also investigates the sources and effects of P level increase, including the underlying mechanisms and potential strategies in preventing its elevation during ovarian stimulation. ...
Heng Yujing Jan - - 2013
This work assessed the temporal coexpression of interleukin 1 (IL-1) and its inhibitor, IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), in the cervicovaginal fluid (CVF) beyond 24 weeks gestation including women in spontaneous term labor. Two cohorts of women were recruited at 24 to 35 weeks' gestation (n = 65) and in late ...
Alexander Anu Mary - - 2013
The objective of the study was to estimate gestational age specific birthweight centiles from healthy pregnancies in a defined rural block and compare the under-two month mortality rates in those belonging to the lowest and highest centile groups. Secondary Data Analysis?. Routine data collected regarding all pregnancies, births and deaths ...
Wang Panchalli - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a significant cause of newborn morbidity and mortality and strains society's healthcare resources due to its long-term effects on the health of the newborn. Prenatal maternal quality of life (QoL) may be related to the occurrence of preterm birth and low birthweight infants. Few studies, however, ...
Michie L - - 2013
Across the world rates of unintended pregnancy are high. Unintended pregnancy not only results in substantial costs to health services, it can lead to personal distress for women experiencing this. Whilst a large number of unintended pregnancies occur in those not using any method of contraception, a proportion occur in ...
Secura G - - 2013
Unintended pregnancy remains a significant global public health problem; 41% of all pregnancies worldwide in 2008 were unintended. The unintended pregnancy rate is greater in less developed regions (57 per 1000 women aged 15-44 years) than in more developed regions (42 per 1000), with the United States a notable exception ...
Middleton Arthur D - - 2013
Migration is a striking behavioral strategy by which many animals enhance resource acquisition while reducing predation risk. Historically, the demographic benefits of such movements made migration common, but in many taxa the phenomenon is considered globally threatened. Here we describe a long-term decline in the productivity of elk (Cervus elaphus) ...
Alves Mércia Maria Rodrigues - - 2013
OBJECTIVE To analyze deaths from external causes and undefined causes in women of childbearing age occurring during pregnancy and early postpartum. METHODS The deaths of 399 women of childbearing age, resident in Recife, Northeastern Brazil, in the period 2004 to 2006, were studied. The survey utilized the Reproductive Age Mortality ...
Lin Yu-Ju - - 2013
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of salpingectomy on the ovarian response to gonadotropins and in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) cycle outcomes in women with tubal factor infertility. DESIGN: A retrospective study (Canadian Task Force Classification II-3) SETTING: An in vitro fertilization laboratory in a university hospital in Taiwan. PATIENTS: We analyzed ...
Raviv G - - 2013
Study design:Retrospective cohort analysis.Objectives:The objective of this study was to determine the in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome after testicular sperm extraction (TESE) in a group of spinal cord injury (SCI) male patients not compatible with conservative fertility treatment.Setting:University-affiliated medical center.Methods:Thirty two SCI patients (C2 to L2) were referred to IVF ...
Mateizel I - - 2013
STUDY QUESTION: Should oocytes showing the presence of smooth endoplasmic reticulum aggregates (SER) be considered for embryo transfer? SUMMARY ANSWER: The present study shows that embryos derived from metaphase II oocyte with visible SER (SER+MII) have the capacity to develop normally and may lead to newborns with no major malformations. ...
Chinnappa V - - 2013
Parturients with renal insufficiency or failure present a significant challenge for the anesthesiologist. Impaired renal function compromises fertility and increases both maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Close communication amongst medical specialists, including nephrologists, obstetricians, neonatologists and anesthesiologists is required to ensure the safety of mother and child. Pre-existing diseases ...
Gizlenti S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In pregnancy, increased numbers of hair follicles remain in the anagen phase for longer periods due to hormonal changes and return to the telogen phase within 3-6 months of delivery with a sudden drop in hormone levels. This results in excessive shedding of hair known as post-partum telogen effluvium. OBJECTIVE: ...
Mohan Prasoon P - - 2013
A systematic review of literature analyzing fertility following uterine artery embolization (UAE) is presented. Twenty-one studies describing pregnancy and complications of pregnancy following UAE were included. Low-level evidence from these studies suggests that pregnancy rates following UAE are comparable to the age-adjusted rates in the general population. Although pregnancy complication ...
Koh Su-Ann - - 2013
The influence of paternal age on clinical pregnancy was examined within younger patients undergoing donor insemination (DI) cycles in Western Australia. A retrospective analysis of 2142 DI cycles was carried out, including only women <40 years with no history of fertility problems. Logistic regression analysis was used to relate donor ...
Weiss Amir - - 2013
The haptoglobin (Hp) protein has been implicated in various aspects of reproduction. One possible mechanism is through its effect on angiogenesis. Angiogenesis plays a major role in follicle production. The Hp insertion polymorphism results in the production of Hp proteins denoted Hp 1-1, 2-1, and 2-2, with markedly different angiogenic ...
Labrique A B - - 2013
To describe proportionate mortality and causes of death unrelated to pregnancy. Prospective cohort study. Rural northwest Bangladesh. A cohort of 133,617 married women of reproductive age. Verbal autopsies were conducted for women who died whilst under surveillance in the cohort trial. Physician-assigned causes of death based on verbal autopsies were ...
Wang Jing - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the association between polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and ectopic pregnancy following in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective cohort study, we included 5339 women who had clinical pregnancies after IVF treatment, consisting of 205 PCOS and 5134 non-PCOS women at Nanjing Medical ...
Mikolajczyk Rafael T - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Determinants of regional variation in caesarean sections can contribute explanations for the observed overall increasing trend of caesarean sections. We assessed which mechanism explains the higher rate of caesarean sections in the former West than East Germany: a more liberal use of caesarean sections in the case of relative ...
Allais Gianni - - 2013
Data in the literature show that migraine tends to improve during pregnancy in most migrainous women. The aim of this Internet survey was to obtain the most likely cross section of the situation in the general population with respect to the presence and course of migraine in pregnancy. All women ...
Johri Vishwas - - 2013
Contraception is essential in a developing country like India. Intrauterine Contraceptive Devices (IUCDs) are amongst the most frequently used methods of contraception. The patients with misplaced IUCDs may present with pregnancies or 'lost strings' or they may remain asymptomatic.
Agopian A J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Swimming during pregnancy is recommended. However, use of swimming pools is also associated with infection by waterborne pathogens and exposure to water disinfection byproducts, which are two mechanisms that are suspected to increase risk for birth defects. Thus, we evaluated the relationship between maternal swimming pool use during early ...
Speizer Ilene S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The measure of unmet need relies on women's reported fertility desires; previous research has demonstrated that fertility desires may be fluid and not firm. STUDY DESIGN: Our study uses recently collected longitudinal data from four cities in Uttar Pradesh, India, to examine whether women's fertility desires and family planning ...
Gores-Lindholm Alicia R - - 2013
Persistent endometritis in the mare is associated with hypersecretion of mucus by endometrial epithelium and migration of neutrophils into the uterine lumen. This study examines the relationships between N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a mucolytic agent with anti-inflammatory properties, and endometrial architecture, serum neutrophil function, post-breeding therapy, and reproductive performance of NAC-treated mares ...
Suzuki Kohta - - 2013
AIM: This study aimed to clarify the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and childhood overweight during different periods using two cohort studies from the same population: the birth cohort (the 1st cohort) and the non-overweight children at 5 years of age cohort (the 2nd cohort) by sex. MATERIAL AND ...
Brady Paula C - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Uterine fibroids, the most common neoplasm of reproductive-aged women, can have a significant impact on quality of life, and may affect fertility and pregnancy outcomes. Although it is generally accepted that submucosal fibroids are of clinical significance, the effect of intramural and subserosal fibroids, and the benefit ...
Traeger-Synodinos J - - 2013
Prenatal diagnosis (PND) and preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) both represent highly important reproductive choices for couples with a high risk of transmitting a severe disease, such as a severe hemoglobinopathy. Conventional PND for hemoglobinopathies based on molecular analysis of trophoblast or amniocyte DNA has been applied for around 30 years, but ...
Dar Shir S CReATe Fertility Center, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. - - 2013
To investigate differences in fertilization, clinical pregnancy, and miscarriage rates between men with a markedly high sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) (>50%) and those with low DFI (≤ 15%) in couples matched by female partner age and ovarian reserve as determined by antimüllerian hormone (AMH) level. Retrospective cohort study. University-affiliated ...
Heck Julia E - - 2013
Background: Hepatoblastoma is a malignant embryonal tumor typically diagnosed in children younger than five years of age. Little is known on hepatoblastoma etiology. Methods: We matched California Cancer Registry records of hepatoblastomas diagnosed in children younger than age 6 from 1988 to 2007 to birth records using a probabilistic record ...
Carvalho L F P - - 2013
Increasing evidence suggests that female infertility is associated with endometriosis. Indeed, 40% of women with this disease are infertile. However, a causal relationship has not yet been established, and the possible pathophysiology of infertility in this disease also has not been completely elucidated. In this article, we analyze the mechanisms ...
Wright Sarah D - - 2013
This is a case series of women presenting to a tertiary care centre with a diagnosis of interstitial pregnancy. Dilatation and evacuation was performed under ultrasound control with systemic methotrexate post-operatively. All women had successful termination of their interstitial pregnancy. Although described in the international literature, this is the first ...
Siano Linda - - 2013
To evaluate the outcome of a newly established oocyte vitrification program in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) within a short timeframe by simultaneously evaluating embryos derived from vitrified and fresh oocytes from the same stimulated cycle. Cohort prospective controlled trial and case-control study. University-based tertiary fertility center. Fourteen women ...
Hussain Rubina - - 2013
Despite advances in reproductive health law, many Filipino women experience unintended pregnancies, and because abortion is highly stigmatized in the country, many who seek abortion undergo unsafe procedures. This report provides a summary of reproductive health indicators in the Philippines—in particular, levels of contraceptive use, unplanned pregnancy and unsafe abortion—and ...
Mehta Bindu N - - 2013
Oocyte quality may be a governing factor in influencing in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes. However, morphological evaluation of oocyte quality is difficult in conventional IVF cycles. Follicular-fluid (FF), the site for oocyte growth and development, has not yet been sufficiently explored to obtain a marker indicative of oocyte quality. Anti-Mullerian ...
Codreanu Dorina D University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Carol Davila", Bucharest, - - 2013
With the introduction of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), couples with severe male factor infertility have been able to achieve fertilization and clinical pregnancy rates comparable to other in vitro fertilization patients. However, despite the utilization of microsurgical sperm injection techniques, failure of fertilization still occurs in a few patients. How ...
Mallard Simonette R - - 2013
New Zealand's Chief Science Advisor has recommended weight loss interventions be made available to women planning a pregnancy. In a postpartum survey of 723 New Zealand women, 44% of all pregnancies were unplanned, and in multivariate analysis, younger women, women with less income, women with higher parity, and single women ...
Botchan Amnon - - 2013
Sperm cryopreservation is the best modality to ensure future fertility for males diagnosed with cancer. The extent to which cryopreserved sperm is actually used for impregnation, the fertility treatment options that are available and the success rates of these treatments have not been investigated in depth. The medical records of ...
Celikten Ayse - - 2013
PURPOSE: We aimed to compare the outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles in ostructive and nonobstructive azoospermic men. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we searched the first ICSI cycle parameters of 211 azoospermic men. Our main outcomes were the average fertilization rate, implantation rate, pregnancy and miscarriage rates. RESULTS: ...
Fumarola Angela - - 2013
PROBLEM: Thyroid disease is one of the most common endocrine conditions affecting women during reproductive age. A link between thyroid and assisted reproduction outcome is debated. METHOD OF STUDY: Serum TSH levels, number and scoring of oocytes and embryos, and number of clinical pregnancies were retrospectively recorded in 164 women ...
Bhilawadikar Rashmi - - 2013
PURPOSE: To compare the expression profiles of Tektin 2 and CatSper 2 motility proteins in the spermatozoa of normozoospermic and oligoasthenozoospermic men and determine its correlation with sperm motility, fertilization rate, embryo quality and pregnancy rate. METHODS: Tektin 2 and CatSper 2 protein expression was studied using Western Blotting and ...
Parazzini Fabio - - 2013
Background: In recent years, epidemiological data showed that the incidence of ectopic pregnancies (EP) is decreasing, but few data are available on the time trend in Southern European populations. Methods: Using data from the Lombardy Region Database, we calculated and standardized the EP rates/10,000 resident women and the ratios/1,000 pregnancies. ...
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