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Results 251 - 300 of 1248
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Gonzalez-Bulnes A A Department of Animal Reproduction, INIA, Madrid, - - 2013
The assessment of reproductive features (puberty, fertility and prolificacy) in female Iberian pigs indicates that exposition to intrauterine maternal malnutrition, either by deficiency or excess, is associated with juvenile obesity and a significantly earlier age of puberty onset. At adulthood, prenatal exposition to undernutrition affects reproductive outputs by diminishing prolificacy, ...
Kirkegaard Kirstine - - 2013
To describe hatching of human embryos and investigate differences in hatching between IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)-fertilized embryos with the use of time-lapse monitoring. Clinical observational study. University-based fertility clinic. From February 2011 to July 2012, 161 women consented to embryo culture in a time-lapse incubator until day 6 ...
Fusi Francesco M - - 2013
Abstract The aim of this article is to describe unexpected spontaneous pregnancies in poor responder patients with long-term infertility, when treated with dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) supplementation prior to in vitro fertilization (IVF). Our evaluation was carried out in two groups of women. The first group included 39 young women with <40 ...
Joffe Michael - - 2013
We investigated trends in biological fertility in a comprehensive analysis of 5 major European data sets with data on time to pregnancy (TTP) and proportion of contraceptive failures. In particular, we distinguished a period effect from a birth cohort effect (lifelong tendency) in both sexes. Attempts at conception not resulting ...
Umranikar A - - 2013
The focus of this article is to review the definition of success following in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. Pregnancy rates after IVF have been increasing, but the problem of multiple births with its associated morbidity and mortality has been considerable. This has led to rethinking of assisted reproductive technology (ART) ...
Serafini R - - 2013
Aim of this study was to test the reliability of Trypan blue/Giemsa staining to evaluate sperm membrane integrity, acrosomal intactness and morphology in stallion to verify whether it could be applied in vitro as useful tool for sperm fertilizing ability. Fertility data on inseminated mares were collected to evaluate the ...
Ahmed Salma - - 2013
Summary This study provides evidence on the principal determinants of pregnancy and abortion in India using a large country-wide district-level data set (DLHS 2007). The paper provides an economic framework for the analysis of pregnancy and abortion. The study distinguishes between induced and spontaneous abortion and compares the effects of ...
Benaglia Laura - - 2013
Abstract There is a general belief that pregnancy has a beneficial effect on endometriosis but evidence is scanty. Moreover, some recent warning reports documented progression-growth of ovarian endometriomas during pregnancy. To further elucidate this aspect, we set up a prospective cohort study. We recruited 24 women carrying endometriomas at the ...
Darrow Lyndsey A - - 2013
Previous research suggests perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) may be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. We conducted a population-based study of PFOA and PFOS and birth outcomes from 2005-2010 in a mid-Ohio Valley community exposed to high levels of PFOA through drinking water contamination. Women provided serum for ...
Ferraretti A P AP ESHRE Central Office, Grimbergen, Belgium. annapia.ferraretti - - 2013
The 13th European in vitro fertilization (IVF)-monitoring (EIM) report presents the results of treatments involving assisted reproductive technology (ART) initiated in Europe during 2009: are there any changes in the trends compared with previous years? Despite some fluctuations in the number of countries reporting data, the overall number of ART ...
Kasterstein Esti E Infertility and IVF Unit, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, 70300, Israel, - - 2013
This prospective randomized study used sibling oocytes of 258 women with ≥8 oocytes to compare the effect of 5 % O(2) versus 20 % O(2) concentrations on embryo development and clinical outcome. Oocytes of each case were divided between incubators with either 5 % or 20 % O(2) concentration. Outcome ...
Afrakhteh Maryam - - 2013
To investigate relationship between placental thickness during the second and third trimesters and placental and birth weights. From January 2011 to June 2012, a total of 250 singleton pregnant women presented at our antenatal clinic were enrolled in this prospective study. All recruited women were assessed at the 1st trimester ...
Luo Jia J Reproductive Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Number 58, Zhongshan Road, Guangzhou 510080, - - 2013
To explore the effects of different M II stage oocytes zona pellucida birefringence on pregnancy outcome. A total of 46 couples with infertile which induced by single cause received in-vitro fertilization treatment were analyzed retrospectively, and randomly divided into the high zona birefringence (HZB)/HZB group, HZB/low zona birefringence (LZB) group ...
Sharma Abhishek A Department of Pathology, College of Medicine and Sagore Dutta Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, - - 2013
Cervical pregnancy is an extremely rare condition of ectopic pregnancy with potential grave consequences if not diagnosed and treated early. A case of intramural pregnancy in the cervix is being reported for its rarity. Early diagnosis is imperative to preserve fertility, otherwise if the pregnancy is disturbed, it may precipitate ...
Chimote Natachandra M NM Department of Embryology, Vaunshdhara Clinic and Assisted Conception Centre, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India ; Department of Endocrinology, Vaunshdhara Clinic and Assisted Conception Centre, Nagpur, Maharashtra, - - 2013
Blastocyst stage embryo transfer (ET) has become routine practice in recent years. However, probably due to limitations of assisted hatching techniques, expanded blastocyst transfer (EBT) is still the preferred mode. Inexplicably, not much consideration has been given to spontaneously hatching/hatched blastocyst transfer (SHBT). This study aimed to investigate developmental potential ...
Xu Hongwei H Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of - - 2013
Rural-to urban migration is increasingly common among youth and could affect sexual activities. We use life history calendar data collected in Kisumu, Kenya, to investigate how the timing and number of rural-to-urban moves are associated with premarital pregnancy. Among sexually experienced young women aged 18-24 (N=226), 39 percent have experienced ...
Larsen Pernille Stemann PS Section of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen. - - 2013
During the past 25 years, many pregnancy and birth cohorts have been established. Each cohort provides unique opportunities for examining associations of early-life exposures with child development and health. However, to fully exploit the large amount of available resources and to facilitate cross-cohort collaboration, it is necessary to have accessible ...
Ghasemian Fatemeh F Biology Faculty, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran. ; Reproductive Health Research Center, Alzahra Educational and Remedial Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, - - 2013
Abnormal oocyte morphology has been associated with the hormonal environment to which the gametes are exposed. In this study, we evaluated the oocytes morphology, fertilization rate, embryos quality, and implantation rate resulted of retrieved oocytes in different times after human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) administration. A total of 985 metaphase II ...
Chen Ling-Wei - - 2013
To examine changes in food consumption during pregnancy and the postpartum period in women of major Asian ethnic groups. Using interviewer-administered questionnaires, we assessed changes in food consumption during pregnancy (26-28 weeks' gestation) and the postpartum period (3 weeks after delivery) as compared with the usual pre-pregnancy diet. Singapore. Pregnant ...
Udjo Eric O - - 2013
maternal mortality estimates for South Africa have methodological weaknesses. This study uses the Growth Balance Method to adjust reported household female deaths and pregnancy-related deaths and the relational Gompertz model to adjust reported number of live births and estimate maternal mortality in South Africa at national and provincial level; examines ...
Lindberg Laura Duberstein - - 2013
While recently there have been renewed interest in women's childbearing intentions, the authors sought to bring needed research attention to understanding men's childbearing intentions. Nationally representative data from the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) was used to examine pregnancy intentions and happiness for all births reported by men ...
Lurie Samuel - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To assess whether labor length differs by week of gestation. Methods: In this observational cross sectional study, we compared duration of labor by gestational age (36 + 0 through 40 + 6 weeks) in primiparous singleton parturients with vertex presentation. Data were acquired for a period of 24 months (2010-2011). Results: In ...
Mora-Esteves Cesar - - 2013
Oxidative stress can contribute to impairment in spermatogenesis leading to male-factor infertility. The effectiveness of various antioxidants (such as carnitine, vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, carotenoids, glutathione, N-acetylcysteine, zinc, folic acid, and coenzyme Q10) is variable with respect to improving semen parameters and pregnancy rates. A recent Cochrane review determined ...
Kasum Miro - - 2013
Abstract The aim of this review is to analyze the relationship between the preovulatory progesterone (P) rise and the in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancy outcome. It also investigates the sources and effects of P level increase, including the underlying mechanisms and potential strategies in preventing its elevation during ovarian stimulation. ...
Heng Yujing Jan - - 2013
This work assessed the temporal coexpression of interleukin 1 (IL-1) and its inhibitor, IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), in the cervicovaginal fluid (CVF) beyond 24 weeks gestation including women in spontaneous term labor. Two cohorts of women were recruited at 24 to 35 weeks' gestation (n = 65) and in late ...
Alexander Anu Mary - - 2013
The objective of the study was to estimate gestational age specific birthweight centiles from healthy pregnancies in a defined rural block and compare the under-two month mortality rates in those belonging to the lowest and highest centile groups. Secondary Data Analysis?. Routine data collected regarding all pregnancies, births and deaths ...
Wang Panchalli - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a significant cause of newborn morbidity and mortality and strains society's healthcare resources due to its long-term effects on the health of the newborn. Prenatal maternal quality of life (QoL) may be related to the occurrence of preterm birth and low birthweight infants. Few studies, however, ...
Michie L - - 2013
Across the world rates of unintended pregnancy are high. Unintended pregnancy not only results in substantial costs to health services, it can lead to personal distress for women experiencing this. Whilst a large number of unintended pregnancies occur in those not using any method of contraception, a proportion occur in ...
Secura G - - 2013
Unintended pregnancy remains a significant global public health problem; 41% of all pregnancies worldwide in 2008 were unintended. The unintended pregnancy rate is greater in less developed regions (57 per 1000 women aged 15-44 years) than in more developed regions (42 per 1000), with the United States a notable exception ...
Middleton Arthur D - - 2013
Migration is a striking behavioral strategy by which many animals enhance resource acquisition while reducing predation risk. Historically, the demographic benefits of such movements made migration common, but in many taxa the phenomenon is considered globally threatened. Here we describe a long-term decline in the productivity of elk (Cervus elaphus) ...
Alves Mércia Maria Rodrigues - - 2013
OBJECTIVE To analyze deaths from external causes and undefined causes in women of childbearing age occurring during pregnancy and early postpartum. METHODS The deaths of 399 women of childbearing age, resident in Recife, Northeastern Brazil, in the period 2004 to 2006, were studied. The survey utilized the Reproductive Age Mortality ...
Lin Yu-Ju - - 2013
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of salpingectomy on the ovarian response to gonadotropins and in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) cycle outcomes in women with tubal factor infertility. DESIGN: A retrospective study (Canadian Task Force Classification II-3) SETTING: An in vitro fertilization laboratory in a university hospital in Taiwan. PATIENTS: We analyzed ...
Mateizel I - - 2013
STUDY QUESTION: Should oocytes showing the presence of smooth endoplasmic reticulum aggregates (SER) be considered for embryo transfer? SUMMARY ANSWER: The present study shows that embryos derived from metaphase II oocyte with visible SER (SER+MII) have the capacity to develop normally and may lead to newborns with no major malformations. ...
Chinnappa V - - 2013
Parturients with renal insufficiency or failure present a significant challenge for the anesthesiologist. Impaired renal function compromises fertility and increases both maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Close communication amongst medical specialists, including nephrologists, obstetricians, neonatologists and anesthesiologists is required to ensure the safety of mother and child. Pre-existing diseases ...
Raviv G G IVF and Andrology Units, Urology and Rehabilitation Department, The Chaim Sheba Medical Center (affiliated to Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv), Tel Hashomer, Israel. - - 2013
Retrospective cohort analysis. The objective of this study was to determine the in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome after testicular sperm extraction (TESE) in a group of spinal cord injury (SCI) male patients not compatible with conservative fertility treatment. University-affiliated medical center. Thirty two SCI patients (C2 to L2) were referred ...
Gizlenti S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In pregnancy, increased numbers of hair follicles remain in the anagen phase for longer periods due to hormonal changes and return to the telogen phase within 3-6 months of delivery with a sudden drop in hormone levels. This results in excessive shedding of hair known as post-partum telogen effluvium. OBJECTIVE: ...
Mohan Prasoon P - - 2013
A systematic review of literature analyzing fertility following uterine artery embolization (UAE) is presented. Twenty-one studies describing pregnancy and complications of pregnancy following UAE were included. Low-level evidence from these studies suggests that pregnancy rates following UAE are comparable to the age-adjusted rates in the general population. Although pregnancy complication ...
Koh Su-Ann - - 2013
The influence of paternal age on clinical pregnancy was examined within younger patients undergoing donor insemination (DI) cycles in Western Australia. A retrospective analysis of 2142 DI cycles was carried out, including only women <40 years with no history of fertility problems. Logistic regression analysis was used to relate donor ...
Weiss Amir - - 2013
The haptoglobin (Hp) protein has been implicated in various aspects of reproduction. One possible mechanism is through its effect on angiogenesis. Angiogenesis plays a major role in follicle production. The Hp insertion polymorphism results in the production of Hp proteins denoted Hp 1-1, 2-1, and 2-2, with markedly different angiogenic ...
Labrique A B - - 2013
To describe proportionate mortality and causes of death unrelated to pregnancy. Prospective cohort study. Rural northwest Bangladesh. A cohort of 133,617 married women of reproductive age. Verbal autopsies were conducted for women who died whilst under surveillance in the cohort trial. Physician-assigned causes of death based on verbal autopsies were ...
Wang Jing - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the association between polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and ectopic pregnancy following in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective cohort study, we included 5339 women who had clinical pregnancies after IVF treatment, consisting of 205 PCOS and 5134 non-PCOS women at Nanjing Medical ...
Mikolajczyk Rafael T - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Determinants of regional variation in caesarean sections can contribute explanations for the observed overall increasing trend of caesarean sections. We assessed which mechanism explains the higher rate of caesarean sections in the former West than East Germany: a more liberal use of caesarean sections in the case of relative ...
Allais Gianni - - 2013
Data in the literature show that migraine tends to improve during pregnancy in most migrainous women. The aim of this Internet survey was to obtain the most likely cross section of the situation in the general population with respect to the presence and course of migraine in pregnancy. All women ...
Johri Vishwas - - 2013
Contraception is essential in a developing country like India. Intrauterine Contraceptive Devices (IUCDs) are amongst the most frequently used methods of contraception. The patients with misplaced IUCDs may present with pregnancies or 'lost strings' or they may remain asymptomatic.
Agopian A J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Swimming during pregnancy is recommended. However, use of swimming pools is also associated with infection by waterborne pathogens and exposure to water disinfection byproducts, which are two mechanisms that are suspected to increase risk for birth defects. Thus, we evaluated the relationship between maternal swimming pool use during early ...
Speizer Ilene S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The measure of unmet need relies on women's reported fertility desires; previous research has demonstrated that fertility desires may be fluid and not firm. STUDY DESIGN: Our study uses recently collected longitudinal data from four cities in Uttar Pradesh, India, to examine whether women's fertility desires and family planning ...
Gores-Lindholm Alicia R - - 2013
Persistent endometritis in the mare is associated with hypersecretion of mucus by endometrial epithelium and migration of neutrophils into the uterine lumen. This study examines the relationships between N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a mucolytic agent with anti-inflammatory properties, and endometrial architecture, serum neutrophil function, post-breeding therapy, and reproductive performance of NAC-treated mares ...
Kacerovsky Marian M Biomedical Research Center, University Hospital Hradec Kralove, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic. - - 2013
To determine the amniotic fluid CD200 levels in uncomplicated pregnancies and in preterm prelabor rupture of the membranes (PPROM) according to microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity and histological chorioamnionitis and its association with neonatal outcomes. One hundred and fifty-nine women with singleton pregnancies were included in this study. Amniotic ...
Suzuki Kohta - - 2013
AIM: This study aimed to clarify the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and childhood overweight during different periods using two cohort studies from the same population: the birth cohort (the 1st cohort) and the non-overweight children at 5 years of age cohort (the 2nd cohort) by sex. MATERIAL AND ...
Brady Paula C - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Uterine fibroids, the most common neoplasm of reproductive-aged women, can have a significant impact on quality of life, and may affect fertility and pregnancy outcomes. Although it is generally accepted that submucosal fibroids are of clinical significance, the effect of intramural and subserosal fibroids, and the benefit ...
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