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Results 251 - 300 of 1148
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Yen Sophia - - 2013
CME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES1.Identify and explain the four currently available methods of emergency contraception.2.Discuss the risk and benefits of intrauterine devices as a first-line option for contraception in adolescents.3.Review strategies for explaining the most common contraceptive methods to an adolescent. The US has the highest pregnancy rate of any industrialized nation, ...
Alvarez Cristina - - 2013
Background & objectives: The major cause of fertilisation failure after ICSI is failure of the oocyte to initiate the biochemical processes necessary for activation. This inability could be ascribed to cytoplasmic immaturity of those gametes even if they had reached nuclear maturity. The activation of a mature oocyte is characterised ...
Kim Ji Won - - 2013
A tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA) during pregnancy following oocyte retrieval is extremely rare. We report a rare case of pregnancy complicated by the development of a TOA following in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) that was treated successfully with laparoscopy. We also review all similar cases reported in the English-language literature.
Chevrier Cécile - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: People in developed countries are widely exposed to low levels of organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). Seafood is a major contributor to PCB exposure. Toxicity of those various pollutants to reproductive and endocrine functions raises questions about possible effects on fertility. We explored whether ...
Stirnemann Julien J - - 2013
When, within the female cycle, does conception occur in spontaneously fertile cycles? This study provides reference values of day-specific probabilities of date of conception in ongoing pregnancies. The maximum probability of being within a 5-day fertile window was reached on Day 12 following the last menstrual period (LMP). The true ...
Parazzini Fabio - - 2013
ABSTRACT Objectives Data from southern European countries concerning teenage pregnancy have not been properly analysed so far. We provide the temporal trend of adolescent pregnancy rates in Lombardy, Northern Italy. Methods Using the hospital discharge register (1996-2010), teenage pregnancy-related admission rates per 1000 girls aged 13 to 19 years, residing ...
Llop Sabrina - - 2013
This study aimed to describe the residential use of insecticides in a birth cohort in Spain. Study subjects were 2 456 women enrolled into the INMA (Environment and Childhood) birth cohort followed prospectively during pregnancy and in the early postnatal period. The women were recruited at the beginning of their ...
Brekke Idunn - - 2013
Aims: The authors sought to estimate differences in doctor-certified sickness absence during pregnancy among immigrant and native women. Methods: Population-based cohort study of pregnant women attending three Child Health Clinics in Groruddalen, Oslo, and their offspring. Questionnaire data were collected at gestational weeks 10-20 and 28. The participation rate was ...
De Vos A - - 2013
Does high-magnification sperm selection influence oocyte fertilization and further embryo development? The present study did not show a difference in oocyte fertilization rate, nor in embryo development between high-magnification intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection (IMSI) and conventional ICSI. The presence of nuclear vacuoles in sperm seems to influence embryo development ...
Picha Y - - 2013
The objectives were to: (1) describe the chronology of early embryonic development from ovulation to entry into the uterus; and (2) to determine the timing of embryo migration to the left uterine horn when ovulation occurred from the right ovary. The experiment was conducted in Peru. Females (n = 132) ...
Hussain Rubina - - 2013
Unintended pregnancy is common in Uganda, leading to high levels of unplanned births, unsafe abortions, and maternal injury and death. Because most pregnancies that end in abortion are unwanted, nearly all ill health and mortality resulting from unsafe abortion is preventable. This report summarizes evidence on the context and consequences ...
Reynaud Lucie - - 2013
Under normal circumstances, fertility and embryotoxicity studies are run separately according to the ICH S5(R2) guideline for the detection of toxicity to reproduction of medicinal products (1). However, the flexible approach of the S5(R2) guideline also allows the reproduction stages covered in the fertility and embryo-fetal development studies (stages A ...
Jain Ram B - - 2013
Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination survey for the years 2003-2010 were used (n = 4700) to evaluate the effect of age, parity, body mass index (BMI), race/ethnicity, pregnancy, iron (Fe) storage status, smoking status, and fish/shellfish consumption on the levels of blood cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and total mercury ...
Sclowitz Iândora Krolow Timm - - 2013
To evaluate the frequency of maternal smoking in successive pregnancies and its association with repetition of low birthweight, a study was conducted of a subsample of mothers from the 2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort in Brazil. Only women with previous histories of low birthweight newborns were included. Women with ≥ 2 ...
Grant Erica N - - 2013
A case where a 28-year-old woman presented in labor complicated by mitral stenosis is described. Mitral stenosis is the most commonly encountered valvular lesion in pregnancy.
Park Jeong-Yeol - - 2013
: To analyze pregnancy outcomes in young women with stage IA, grade 1 endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the uterus after successful fertility-sparing management using progestin. : We reviewed the medical records of 141 women with stage IA, grade 1 endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the uterus who had complete remission after progestin treatment. ...
Aharon Anat - - 2013
Microparticles (MPs), sub-micron membrane vesicles, participate in the placental and maternal crosstalk in normal pregnancies as well as in gestational vascular complications (GVC). The article will review the effects of MPs on placental physiological processes, including hemostasis, trophoblast migration, invasion, placental vasculature and their involvement in pathologic states such as ...
Pelzer Elise S - - 2013
Our previous study reported microorganisms in human follicular fluid. The objective of this study was to test human follicular fluid for the presence of microorganisms and to correlate these findings with the in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes. In this study, 263 paired follicular fluids and vaginal swabs were collected from ...
Bouchard Thomas - - 2013
Introduction: The postpartum period is a challenging time for family planning, especially for women who breastfeed. Breastfeeding delays the return of menses (lactational amenorrhea), but ovulation often occurs before first menses. For this reason, a protocol was developed to assist women in identifying their return of fertility postpartum to avoid ...
Ooki Syuichi - - 2013
Older mothers are becoming more common in Japan. One reason for this is the widespread use of assisted reproductive technology (ART). This study assesses the relationship between maternal age and the risk of birth defects after ART. Nationwide data on ART between 2004 and 2010 in Japan were analyzed. Diseases ...
Check J H - - 2013
To determine the relative confounding effect of diminished oocyte reserve on the chance of successful pregnancy in non-in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) cycles. Matched controlled study comparing pregnancy outcome in women aged < or = 37 years with severely decreased oocyte reserve as manifested by a day 3 serum follicle ...
Check J H - - 2013
To determine if intrauterine insemination (IUI) improves pregnancy rates in couples with a correctable ovulatory defect but a male partner with an apparent normal semen analysis and a normal postcoital test. A prospective evaluation of clinical live delivered pregnancy rates following the first cycle where follicular maturation was demonstrated naturally ...
Check J H - - 2013
To determine the relative role of aneuploidy vs embryo apoptosis as the etiologic factor of poor pregnancy rates with advancing age. A retrospective review of chemical vs clinical vs live delivery pregnancy rates in women aged 40-42, 43-45, and > or = 45 years is reported. The data were further ...
Check J H - - 2013
To determine if pregnancy rates following embryo transfer are reduced if the endometrial echo pattern in the late proliferative phase is isoechogenic (IE) vs triple line (TL). Pregnancy and implantation rates were compared according to TL vs IE pattern in the late proliferative phase in women having in vitro fertilization-embryo ...
Ugurlucan F G - - 2013
Infection of a leiomyoma is a very rare clinical entity called pyomyoma. Pathology may be encountered during the reproductive period, pregnancy, and even postmenopausal period. In this report, we present a case of pyomyoma which developed after dilatation and curettage managed by broad spectrum antibiotics and myomectomy to preserve the ...
Buckman Clayton - - 2013
Spermatid specific thioredoxin-3 (SPTRX3 or TXNDC8) is a testis/male germ line specific member of thioredoxin family that accumulates in the superfluous cytoplasm of defective human spermatozoa. We hypothesized that semen levels of SPTRX3 are reflective of treatment outcome in assisted reproductive therapy (ART) couples treated by in vitro fertilization (IVF) ...
Alvarez-Gallardo Horacio - - 2013
A decrease in fertility can have a negative economic impact, both locally and over a broader geographical scope, and this is especially the case with regard to the cattle industry. Therefore, much interest exists in evaluating proteins that might be able to increase the fertility of sperm. Heparin binding proteins ...
Cohain Judy Slome - - 2013
The quality of daily food intake is the most important and most ignored factor determining pregnancy outcomes. In the absence of chromosomal issues, the health of the fetus is determined by the woman's diet, exercise and lifestyle choices. The placenta is continuously remodeled with old villi being constantly replaced by ...
Singh Neeta - - 2013
In a conventional IVF cycle unexpected complete fertilization failure may occur in 10-25% of infertile women. To overcome this barrier of fertilization failure, some investigators have suggested intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) on day 1 of an unfertilized mature oocyte, the so called "rescue ICSI". We report a case of fertilization ...
Köninger Angela - - 2013
The number of unintentionally childless couples is increasing as more couples seek to conceive for the first time in the third or fourth decade of the woman's life. Determination of ovarian reserve is an essential component of infertility assessment. The Anti-Müllerian-Hormone (AMH) seems to be the most reliable predictor of ...
Shorakae Soulmaz - - 2013
A 32-year-old woman with classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) secondary to 21-hydroxylase deficiency presented with infertility. She was treated with different steroid replacement regimens together with fludrocortisone. The aim of this case report is to discuss fertility barriers in women with classical CAH, and emphasise the risks and benefits of ...
Omurtag Kenan - - 2013
Determine whether testicular sperm extractions and pregnancy outcomes are influenced by male and female infertility diagnoses, location of surgical center and time to cryopreservation. One hundred and thirty men undergoing testicular sperm extraction and 76 couples undergoing 123 in vitro fertilization cycles with testicular sperm. Successful sperm recovery defined as ...
Minten Megan A - - 2013
Infertility and subfertility are important and pervasive reproductive problems in both domestic animals and humans. The majority of embryonic loss occurs during the first three weeks of pregnancy in cattle and women due, in part, to inadequate endometrial receptivity for support of embryo implantation. To identify heifers of contrasting fertility, ...
Borman E - - 2013
To determine the impact of embryo quality on multiple birth rates. A retrospective review of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) cycles over ten years was performed. The data was stratified by number of embryos transferred (two vs three) and by percentage of embryos with < 6 vs > or = ...
Stojnic J - - 2013
To determine whether in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmatic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) singleton pregnancies are at increased risk for maternal and fetal complications than spontaneous singleton conceptions. The pregnancy outcome of 634 singleton pregnancies after IVF/ICSI delivered at the Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics during the period January 2006 to January 2010 were ...
Katsoff B - - 2013
To determine if defective oocytes or sperm may be a common etiologic factor in unexplained infertility. A retrospective comparison of fertilization rates and pregnancy rates from infertile donors with unexplained infertility trying to conceive with in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) and their respective recipients, who shared the other half of ...
Garenne Michel - - 2013
Uncertainty in the levels of global maternal mortality reflects data deficiencies, as well as differences in methods and definitions. This study presents levels and trends in maternal mortality in Agincourt, a rural subdistrict of South Africa, under long-term health and sociodemographic surveillance. All deaths of women aged 15 years-49 years ...
Check J H - - 2013
To determine if the use of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists (a) or antagonists (ant) allow better pregnancy rates when used in controlled ovarian hyperstimulation protocols in women of advanced reproductive age. Furthermore the study aimed to determine if the status of ovarian oocyte reserve has a confounding effect. A ...
Flood Louise - - 2013
In South Australia, reporting of live births, stillbirths of at least 20 weeks or 400 g birth weight, termination of pregnancies and congenital anomalies is mandated. We describe the investigation of an increase in notifications of neural tube defects (NTDs) in South Australia in 2009 and 2010 using data from ...
Jain Deepti - - 2013
A 24-year-old woman with 21-hydroxylase deficient classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia, simple virilising form presented with secondary infertility. One year ago she had a spontaneous miscarriage in the second trimester of pregnancy. This time she conceived with prednisolone 5 mg and clomiphene citrate 100 mg. She was then continued with prednisolone ...
Lian W L - - 2013
To observe the effects of early-cleavage embryo transfer (ET) on pregnancy outcomes in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). The data of 6,548 two pro-nucleate (2PN) embryos and 968 patients who underwent IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) were analyzed. Of the 968 cycles, early-cleavage embryos were used in 432 cycles (early-cleavage ...
Habte Dereje D School of Public Health, University of Botswana, Gaborone, - - 2013
Unintended pregnancy has been a major reproductive health challenge in resource poor settings including Ethiopia. It has adverse consequences to the mother, child and the health sector's resources. Understanding the extent of unintended pregnancy and the factors associated is crucial to devise evidence based interventions. The analysis was aimed at ...
Alam Areej A Areej Alam, Dow Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, - - 2013
Meckel-Gruber Syndrome (MKS) is a rare, autosomal recessive genetic disorder, incompatible with life. It is characterized by enlarged polycystic kidneys and post axial polydactyly. Foetal or neonatal death is caused by pulmonary hypoplasia. We report a case of a 35 year old woman who presented at 7 weeks of gestation ...
Colvin Lyn L Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, 100 Roberts Road, Subiaco, WA 6008, - - 2013
Aims. Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy is the most common medical condition in pregnancy. There is an increasing trend to prescribe ondansetron although its safety for use in pregnancy has not been established. Methods. Exposed pregnancies were all births in Western Australia, 2002-2005, where the mother was dispensed ondansetron under ...
Naqvi Kaniz Zehra - - 2013
Every year 42 million women with unintended pregnancies choose abortion, and fifty percent of these procedures, 20 million are unsafe. An unsafe abortion is defined as a procedure for terminating an unintended pregnancy carried out either by person lacking the necessary skills or in an environment that does not conform ...
Figen Turkcapar Ayse A Department of Reproductive Endocrinology, Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2013
We aimed to compare human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) and recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (r FSH) with respect to clinical outcomes and the development of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) for patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) treated with in vitro fertilization (IVF). This prospective randomized controlled trial included a total of 80 ...
Desai Meghna M Malaria Branch, KEMRI/CDC Research and Public Health Collaboration, Kisumu, Kenya. - - 2013
Pregnancy-related (PR) deaths are often a result of direct obstetric complications occurring at childbirth. To estimate the burden of and characterize risk factors for PR mortality, we evaluated deaths that occurred between 2003 and 2008 among women of childbearing age (15 to 49 years) using Health and Demographic Surveillance System ...
Stephens Sahar M SM Division of Advanced Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Colorado at Denver School of Medicine, Aurora, - - 2013
Infertility affects approximately 10% to 20% of reproductive-age couples, many of whom may present initially to a urologist. Some couples may be treated medically to increase spontaneous conception rates; however, many will require more aggressive management with in vitro fertilization (IVF) and/or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). IVF involves ovarian stimulation, ...
Delaroche Lucie - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Sperm morphology plays a significant role in assisted reproductive technologies and is associated with high implantation rates. The objective of this study was to evaluate the outcome of intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection (IMSI) after repeated failures of conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) techniques. ...
Komsky-Elbaz Alisa A IVF and Infertility unit, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Zerifin, - - 2013
This study compares the fertilization rate and embryonic development of oocytes randomly inseminated by conventional IVF or ICSI in patients with endometriosis and normozoospermic semen during IVF cycles. Sibling oocytes were randomized to be inseminated either by ICSI or IVF. Rates of fertilization, cleavage, blastulation and embryonic morphology were assessed. ...
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