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Results 451 - 500 of 1232
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Sparić Radmila - - 2012
Heterotopic pregnancy is a life-threatening complication of pregnancy defined as coexistent intrauterine and ectopic gestation. Its diagnosis is frequently overlooked and delayed. A 28-year-old woman experienced acute abdominal pain in pregnancy achieved by in vitro fertilization. Since all previous checkups indicated a normal course of pregnancy, the ectopic pregnancy was ...
Areemit Rosawan - - 2012
Unintended pregnancy during adolescence can have profound effects on adolescents, their parents and family, the child and the country's developing population. To analyze the adolescent pregnancy situation in Thailand in order to provide data and suggestions for refining the nation's medical curricula and enhancing health services for adolescents. National data ...
Rocca Corinne H - - 2012
Sustained efforts have not attenuated racial and ethnic disparities in unintended pregnancy and effective contraceptive use in the United States. The roles of attitudes toward contraception, pregnancy and fertility remain relatively unexplored. Knowledge of contraceptive methods and attitudes about contraception, pregnancy, childbearing and fertility were assessed among 602 unmarried women ...
Ventura Stephanie J - - 2012
This report presents detailed pregnancy rates for 1990-2008, updating a national series of rates extending since 1976. Tabular and graphical data on pregnancy rates by age, race, and Hispanic origin, and by marital status are presented and described. In 2008, an estimated 6,578,000 pregnancies resulted in 4,248,000 live births, 1,212,000 ...
Cao Xu-Liang - - 2012
In this study, the presence of bisphenol A (BPA) in human placental and fetal liver samples collected from 1998 to 2008 was investigated to provide a more detailed analysis of the transfer of BPA across the placenta and fetal exposure to BPA. The average concentrations in placental samples were 12.6ngg(-1) ...
Kroeldrup L - - 2012
Muscular hypertrophy is a very rare finding on fetal ultrasonography. We present a case with recurrent muscular hypertrophy, liver enlargement and polyhydramnios in two pregnancies. One pregnancy was terminated due to suspicion of a storage disease, whereas the other led to delivery of a boy with muscular hypertrophy and mildly ...
Matsota Paraskevi - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of analgesia with remifentanil versus anesthesia with propofol and alfentanil on in vitro fertilization outcome. The study included 58 women undergoing ultrasound transvaginal oocyte retrieval, who were randomized to receive either analgesia with remifentanil (n = 29) or anesthesia with ...
Bzowej Natalie H - - 2012
Women of childbearing age with recognized hepatitis B infection should have their liver disease assessed before pregnancy occurs since the management of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in this setting is complex. Initiation of treatment in a woman of child-bearing age will depend on when she intends on conceiving, as ...
Yilmaz Nevin - - 2012
The aim of this report is to evaluate whether pregnancy is a risk factor for poor outcome of infection with hepatitis C virus or for allograft deterioration among kidney transplant recipients. The first case was in a 41-year-old pregnant kidney transplant recipient with hypercreatinemia and a history of toxic hepatitis. ...
Thornton Stephen L - - 2012
Acetaminophen (APAP) is a widely used medication in pregnancy and is considered safe. Unfortunately, APAP is also among the most commonly reported agents implicated in overdoses during pregnancy. We present a unique case of a pregnant patient with fulminant hepatic failure resulting in a liver transplant from repeated supratherapeutic ingestions ...
Hovatta Outi - - 2012
Normal numbers of oocytes and ovarian follicles develop to the ovaries during the first half of the fetal life. The oocytes then start gradually disappearing. Abnormal meiotic division due to the lack of a paring X-chromosome has been suggested as the causative factor. A large proportion, 40-50% of Turner girls ...
Mufti Arjmand R - - 2012
Changes in the liver biochemical profile are normal in pregnancy. However, up to 3% to 5% of all pregnancies are complicated by liver dysfunction. It is important that liver disease during pregnancy is recognized because early diagnosis may improve maternal and fetal outcomes, with resultant decreased morbidity and mortality. Liver ...
Selvaraj Priya - - 2012
Heterotropic pregnancy, although a rare condition, is associated with a greater frequency in assisted reproduction. It occurs in approximately 1 in 100 pregnancies conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF) particularly when multiple embryos are transferred into the uterus. We report a case of heterotropic pregnancy following IVF with the rupture ...
Wang Dongli - - 2012
This study measured organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) including hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), heptachlor and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in tissues of six mother-fetus pairs of harbor seals that were hunted for subsistence in Alaska waters of the Northern Pacific Ocean. These data ...
Clark Lindsay E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether or not baseline serum transaminases and creatinine measurements, before administration of methotrexate, identified significant liver or kidney disease, which have the potential to alter the management plan for the treatment of ectopic pregnancies. DESIGN: This is a retrospective study of patients treated for ectopic pregnancy. SETTING: ...
Khumanthem Pratima Devi - - 2012
To study the maternal mortality and the complications leading to maternal death. A retrospective study of hospital records and death summaries of all maternal deaths over the period from January 2000 to August 2009 was carried out. There were a total of 80 maternal deaths out of 88,443 live births ...
Keyser Erin A - - 2012
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) and acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) are rare complications of pregnancy affecting approximately 1/10,000 pregnancies each. We describe a patient who had biopsy-proven AFLP complicated by PPCM. Chart review and literature search. The patient is a 22-year-old G5P1213 obese African-American female who presented at 30 weeks ...
Debray Francois-Guillaume - - 2012
Gestational alloimmune liver disease has emerged as the major cause of antenatal liver injury and failure. It usually manifests as neonatal liver failure with hepatic and extrahepatic iron overload, a clinical presentation called neonatal hemochromatosis. We report on a newborn in whom fetal hepatomegaly was detected during pregnancy and who ...
Kidron Debora - - 2012
Fetal liver calcifications are occasionally found in fetal autopsies. However, the incidence, associated findings, clinical significance, and presumed pathogenesis of fetal liver calcifications are not well documented. This study analyzed the characteristics and significance of fetal liver calcifications found on fetal autopsies. Cases of fetal liver calcifications were collected from ...
Simsek Yavuz - - 2012
We present an 18-year-old pregnant woman who was referred to our emergency clinic as a case of acute hepatic failure and hepatic encephalopathy. Laboratory tests showed abnormal liver function tests and serological workup was consistent with acute hepatitis A infection. Ultrasonography revealed a single live fetus with fetal biometry compatible ...
Kumar Manisha - - 2012
The most common reason for demand for abortion in India is unintended pregnancy. To obtain information from low income urban married women regarding incidence and cause of unintended pregnancy. All pregnant married women belonging to low income group were selected for study. The incidence and cause of unintended pregnancy among ...
Check J H - - 2012
To determine the relative pregnancy rates following frozen embryo transfer according to the reason for deferring fresh embryo transfer and freezing all embryos. A retrospective review over a 10-year time period of all in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles that deferred fresh transfer and cryopreserved all embryos related to risk of ...
McGrath Kathryn - - 2012
Childbirth educator Kathryn McGrath reflects on fear and courage and comes to see some levels of fear as a normal part of the process of pregnancy and birth and not something to be brushed aside. In this article, originally presented as a keynote address in 2005 at the Lamaze International ...
Crago Mark S - - 2012
No direct evidence points to fetal harm from cervical membrane stripping (CMS) to induce labor in term pregnancies complicated by group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization.
Arikan I I - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the sole effect of sperm concentration on fertilization, embryo quality and pregnancy rates in patients undergoing ICSI cycles. 560 ICSI cycles performed for male factor infertility were divided into four groups according to sperm concentration retrospectively. Group 1 consisted of 86 couples ...
Check J H - - 2012
To determine if the sharing of oocytes by an infertile woman with an egg recipient for financial advantages has any negative impact on the success rate for the donor. A matched controlled study was performed comparing pregnancy outcome of women undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) but sharing half of ...
Estes Larissa J - - 2012
Maternal mortality is often used to measure health and well-being for women. Improved surveillance efforts can improve maternal mortality estimates and inform the development of strategies to address the needs of maternal and child health populations. The purpose of this study was to provide better estimates of maternal mortality in ...
Noor Forhana Rahman - - 2012
Unintended pregnancies are associated with unsafe abortion and greater risk of maternal morbidity and maternal deaths. In Bangladesh, approximately one-third of pregnancies are unintended. Considering the magnitude of the situation and its consequences, this article explores factors associated with the prevalence of unintended pregnancies in rural Bangladesh with implications for ...
Canda M T - - 2012
The aim of this study was to verify whether FV Leiden, PT G20210A, MTHFR C667T or MTHFR A1298C mutations influence the risk of recurrent fetal loss in a sample of Turkish women who had experienced recurrent fetal loss and to evaluate whether the aforementioned thrombophilias and recurrent fetal loss may ...
Araujo Júnior Edward - - 2012
Cancer is the second leading cause of death during the reproductive years, but the incidence during pregnancy is low. The incidence of cancer of the rectum during pregnancy is very rare (1:50,000 to 1:100,000 pregnancies). Usually, the symptoms of this type of cancer are nonspecific and sometimes they are confused ...
Wurtz Heather - - 2012
Indigenous women in Latin America have poorer reproductive health outcomes than the general population and face considerable barriers in accessing adequate health services. Indigenous women have high rates of adolescent fertility and unintended pregnancy and may face increased risks for morbidity and mortality related to unsafe abortion. However, research among ...
Skjaerven Rolv - - 2012
To assess the association of pre-eclampsia with later cardiovascular death in mothers according to their lifetime number of pregnancies, and particularly after only one child. Prospective, population based cohort study. Medical Birth Registry of Norway. We followed 836,147 Norwegian women with a first singleton birth between 1967 and 2002 for ...
Evans Jemma - - 2012
Synchronous development of the endometrium (to achieve a receptive state) and of the embryo is essential for successful implantation and ongoing pregnancy. Endometrial receptivity exists only for a finite time in a menstrual cycle and the endometrium is refractory to embryo implantation outside of this window. Administration of hormones to ...
van Aalten Susanna M - - 2012
Hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) in pregnant women requires special considerations because of the risk of hormone induced growth and spontaneous rupture, which may threaten the life of both mother and child. Due to scarcity of cases there is no evidence-based algorithm for the evaluation and management of HCA during pregnancy. Most ...
Agus Yenita - - 2012
The Indonesia Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) of 420/100.00 live births remains among the highest in East Asia while coverage of births assisted by skilled providers is still low. Traditional beliefs have been a key factor associated with the choice between midwives or traditional birth attendants (TBA) and the low number ...
Warner Jessica A - - 2012
During the first trimester of pregnancy, a series of tightly regulated interactions govern the formation of a highly invasive population of fetal-derived extravillous cytotrophoblasts (EVT). Successful pregnancy is dependent on efficient invasion of the uterine wall and maternal spiral arteries by EVT. Dysregulated trophoblast invasion is associated with intrauterine growth ...
Guèye Mamour M Clinique Gynécologique et Obstétricale, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Aristide Le Dantec, Avenue Pasteur, BP 3001, Dakar, - - 2012
Uterine rupture is a public health problem in developing countries. When it is spontaneous, it occurs most often during labor in a context of scarred uterus. Uterine rupture during pregnancy is a rare situation. The diagnosis is not always obvious and morbidity and maternal and fetal mortality is still high. ...
Singh Kamal K Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College Kangra at Tanda, Himachal Pradesh 176001, - - 2012
Pregnancy implantation within previous caesarean scar is one of the rarest locations for an ectopic pregnancy. Incidence of caesarean section is increasing worldwide and with more liberal use of transvaginal sonography, more cases of caesarean scar pregnancy are being diagnosed in early pregnancy thus allowing preservation of uterus and fertility. ...
Geake James J Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Monash Medical Centre, 246 Clayton Road, Clayton, 3168, Australia. - - 2012
The microangiopathic hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet (HELLP) syndrome is a rare and potentially fatal complication of pregnancy. Here, to the best of our knowledge, we describe only the second reported case of this syndrome in a woman with cystic fibrosis. This report describes the case of a ...
Fujimaki Hisako H Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kitasato University School of Medicine, 1-15-1 Kitasato, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, 228-8555, Japan. - - 2012
Subarachnoid hemorrhages of spinal origin are extremely rare during pregnancy. We present the case of a patient with hemolytic anemia, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count (the so-called HELLP syndrome), a potentially life-threatening complication associated with pre-eclampsia, who presented with an idiopathic spinal subarachnoid hematoma. At 29 gestational weeks, ...
Vanclooster A - - 2012
A 19 year old woman with tyrosinaemia type 1 gave birth to a healthy girl after 41 weeks of gestation. Nitisinone was continued throughout the pregnancy (maternal levels 68-96 μmol/l, target level 30-60 μmol/l). Tyrosine levels during pregnancy were between 500 and 693 μmol/l (normal values 20-120 μmol/l) and phenylalanine ...
Godbole Koumudi - - 2011
We present findings of a questionnaire-based survey for practicing psychiatrists in the state of Maharashtra, India as an effort to understand challenges faced and the strategies adopted while treating women in reproductive age, especially during pregnancy. Participants were asked open-ended questions to cover pre and peri-conceptional period where use of ...
Amat S - - 2011
To determine whether there is an association between the fetal ultrasound finding of hyperechoic colon and the gestational age at which it presents and cystinuria. A prospective national survey was performed in France including all observations of isolated fetal hyperechoic colon detected at routine second- and third-trimester ultrasound over a ...
Ebina Yasuhiko - - 2011
Hemangioma is a common benign tumor in the liver and usually asymptomatic. Scanty evidence concerning treatment modality of symptomatic hemangioma during pregnancy exists. A 35 year-old woman with giant hepatic cavernous hemangioma developed consumption coagulopathy due to the enlarged tumor, and underwent danaparoid therapy from 5 weeks of gestation (GW). ...
Konefał Halina - - 2011
The first case of a female neonate born from an in vitro fertilization with embryo transfer (IVF-ET) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) (IVF-ET (ICSI) with two histologically different tumours (craniopharyngioma and hepatoblastoma) is described. Anti-neoplasmatic therapy was abandoned due to the significant extent of the disease (craniopharyngioma, 15 x 12 ...
Aurich C - - 2011
In mares, repeated embryo collection in successive oestrous cycles is necessary if a greater number of foals should be produced. We investigated effects of repeated embryo collection in fertile donor mares on embryo recovery rates. In addition, an influence of the individual mare and season on embryo recovery rates was ...
Ababneh Mm - - 2011
Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) is a key enzyme for biosynthesis of PGF2α. Real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry were used to determine transcription and cellular distribution of cytosolic PLA2 (cPLA2) in the equine endometrium during the oestrous cycle and early pregnancy. Endometrial biopsy and blood samples were collected from cycling mares on days ...
Lopes E de P Ede - - 2011
The objective of this study is to evaluate the reproductive efficiency in donors and recipient Mangalarga Marchador mares in commercial programmes of embryo transfer (ET) and the effects of some reproductive characteristics and ET methodology on conception rates in the recipient mares. A total of 1140 flushing procedures were performed ...
Nazir Ghazala - - 2011
Anaemia is arguably the biggest female health problems in developing countries. The world is still to fully fathom the extent and gravity of the problem. This problem aggravates particularly during and after pregnancies due to increased nutritional demands and inadequate iron supply and is therefore more widespread in parous segments ...
Arendt K W - - 2011
Ankylosing spondylitis presents challenges for the obstetric anesthesiologist in administering neuraxial anesthesia or managing the airway. A pregnant patient with ankylosing spondylitis, cardiomyopathy and preeclampsia requiring cesarean delivery was managed with an awake nasotracheal fiberoptic intubation. The use of topical cocaine, epinephrine, phenylephrine, and oxymetazoline to produce nasal vasoconstriction is ...
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