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Results 451 - 500 of 1246
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Fontana I - - 2012
Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Kidney transplantation recipients live longer and have better quality of life than patients on dialysis. Hypothalamic gonadal dysfunction in females who have ESRD may be reversed within the first few months after kidney transplantation, such as the ability ...
Royster G Donald - - 2012
To compare pregnancy outcomes between shorter and longer in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles using GnRH antagonist protocol. Retrospective cohort analysis at a large military academic hospital. A total of 351 patients underwent 412 IVF/ICSI cycles using a GnRH antagonist protocol from September 2002 through May ...
Hosseini-Chavoshi Meimanat - - 2012
Iran has had replacement fertility since 2000. Upholding a small family size has led some couples to terminate unwanted pregnancies. Abortion is, however, permitted only on medical grounds in Iran. Using data from the Iran Low Fertility Survey, this study assessed sociodemographic correlates of abortion among a random sample of ...
Xi Qing-song - - 2012
To reevaluate whether relatively few oocytes obtained in one cycle are an indication for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). A total of 406 cycles with three or fewer retrieved oocytes performed in 396 non-male infertile couples were retrospectively reviewed. Cycles were classified into three groups by different fertilization techniques: the in ...
Barradas Danielle T - - 2012
Women who conceive with the assistance of fertility treatments are at increased risk for multiple-gestation pregnancies and accompanying adverse pregnancy outcomes. The Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) can be used to assess outcomes associated with fertility treatments, but a previous study suggested that PRAMS questions about fertility treatments overestimated ...
Carreto-Molina Nicolás - - 2012
Iodine is an essential constituent of thyroid hormones (TH). TH actively take part in critical periods of brain development during embryonic, fetal and postnatal stages. Therefore the absence of TH or iodine in these critical periods produces an irreversible brain damage. In fact, it is known that iodine deficiency is ...
Chang Kun-Min KM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fong-Yuan Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan. - - 2012
Uterine artery occlusion (UAO) is one of the minimally invasive procedures used to treat uterine fibroids. It has demonstrated the potential to reduce fibroid growth and related symptoms with few complications and adverse effects. Meanwhile, it may preserve the uterus and ovarian blood supply to allow pregnancy in women with ...
Walls M - - 2012
Traditional dogma suggests that intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) should be performed to ensure successful oocyte fertilization in an in-vitro maturation (IVM) cycle. This study postulated that there would be no difference in the fertilization rate when ICSI was compared with IVF. This hypothesis was tested in a randomized trial of ...
MacDorman Marian F - - 2012
This report presents 2006 fetal and perinatal mortality data by maternal age, marital status, race, Hispanic origin, and state of residence, as well as by fetal birthweight, gestational age, plurality, and sex. Trends in fetal and perinatal mortality are also examined. Descriptive tabulations of data are presented and interpreted. There ...
Tong Xian-Hong - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Before human MII oocytes are vitrified they are usually denuded from their cumulus cells. In this study we wanted to investigate the effects of an intact corona radiata on the vitrification and fertilization of human oocytes. METHODS: The study comprised two different parts. In Part 1, 36 MII stage ...
Ebner Thomas - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To analyze whether a ready-to-use calcium ionophore improves outcomes, from fertilization to live birth, in patients with severe male factor infertility. DESIGN: Artificial oocyte activation offered to applicable patients over a 20-month period. SETTING: Specialized in vitro fertilization (IVF) centers in Austria and Germany. PATIENT(S): Twenty-nine azoospermic and 37 cryptozoospermic ...
Sousa F C A - - 2012
Thirty-one pregnant agoutis, between Days 9 and 103 of gestation (Day 1 = day of detection of sperm in the vaginal smear), underwent B-mode ultrasonography; gestational sac diameter (GSD), crown-rump length (CRL), embryonic-fetal diameter (EFD), and placenta diameter (PD) were measured. There were positive correlations (P < 0.05) between GSD ...
Pandey Shanta - - 2012
Approximately 10 million pregnant women around the world develop night blindness annually. In India, one in 11 pregnant women suffers from night blindness. This study used a nationally representative sample of 35,248 women from India between the ages of 15 and 49 who had given birth in the past five ...
Lin Xiao-Na - - 2012
Endometriosis affects natural fertility through various approaches, and in vitro fertilization (IVF) is a good treatment. But the IVF result of endometriosis patients is still under debate. We investigated the effect of endometriosis on IVF by analyzing the data from a single reproductive center. A retrospective, database-searched cohort study was ...
Sparić Radmila - - 2012
Heterotopic pregnancy is a life-threatening complication of pregnancy defined as coexistent intrauterine and ectopic gestation. Its diagnosis is frequently overlooked and delayed. A 28-year-old woman experienced acute abdominal pain in pregnancy achieved by in vitro fertilization. Since all previous checkups indicated a normal course of pregnancy, the ectopic pregnancy was ...
Areemit Rosawan - - 2012
Unintended pregnancy during adolescence can have profound effects on adolescents, their parents and family, the child and the country's developing population. To analyze the adolescent pregnancy situation in Thailand in order to provide data and suggestions for refining the nation's medical curricula and enhancing health services for adolescents. National data ...
Rocca Corinne H - - 2012
Sustained efforts have not attenuated racial and ethnic disparities in unintended pregnancy and effective contraceptive use in the United States. The roles of attitudes toward contraception, pregnancy and fertility remain relatively unexplored. Knowledge of contraceptive methods and attitudes about contraception, pregnancy, childbearing and fertility were assessed among 602 unmarried women ...
Ventura Stephanie J - - 2012
This report presents detailed pregnancy rates for 1990-2008, updating a national series of rates extending since 1976. Tabular and graphical data on pregnancy rates by age, race, and Hispanic origin, and by marital status are presented and described. In 2008, an estimated 6,578,000 pregnancies resulted in 4,248,000 live births, 1,212,000 ...
Cao Xu-Liang - - 2012
In this study, the presence of bisphenol A (BPA) in human placental and fetal liver samples collected from 1998 to 2008 was investigated to provide a more detailed analysis of the transfer of BPA across the placenta and fetal exposure to BPA. The average concentrations in placental samples were 12.6ngg(-1) ...
Kroeldrup L - - 2012
Muscular hypertrophy is a very rare finding on fetal ultrasonography. We present a case with recurrent muscular hypertrophy, liver enlargement and polyhydramnios in two pregnancies. One pregnancy was terminated due to suspicion of a storage disease, whereas the other led to delivery of a boy with muscular hypertrophy and mildly ...
Bzowej Natalie H - - 2012
Women of childbearing age with recognized hepatitis B infection should have their liver disease assessed before pregnancy occurs since the management of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in this setting is complex. Initiation of treatment in a woman of child-bearing age will depend on when she intends on conceiving, as ...
Yilmaz Nevin - - 2012
The aim of this report is to evaluate whether pregnancy is a risk factor for poor outcome of infection with hepatitis C virus or for allograft deterioration among kidney transplant recipients. The first case was in a 41-year-old pregnant kidney transplant recipient with hypercreatinemia and a history of toxic hepatitis. ...
Thornton Stephen L - - 2012
Acetaminophen (APAP) is a widely used medication in pregnancy and is considered safe. Unfortunately, APAP is also among the most commonly reported agents implicated in overdoses during pregnancy. We present a unique case of a pregnant patient with fulminant hepatic failure resulting in a liver transplant from repeated supratherapeutic ingestions ...
Matsota Paraskevi P 2nd Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, University of Athens, "Attikon" Hospital, Athens, Greece. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of analgesia with remifentanil versus anesthesia with propofol and alfentanil on in vitro fertilization outcome. The study included 58 women undergoing ultrasound transvaginal oocyte retrieval, who were randomized to receive either analgesia with remifentanil (n = 29) or anesthesia with ...
Hovatta Outi - - 2012
Normal numbers of oocytes and ovarian follicles develop to the ovaries during the first half of the fetal life. The oocytes then start gradually disappearing. Abnormal meiotic division due to the lack of a paring X-chromosome has been suggested as the causative factor. A large proportion, 40-50% of Turner girls ...
Mufti Arjmand R - - 2012
Changes in the liver biochemical profile are normal in pregnancy. However, up to 3% to 5% of all pregnancies are complicated by liver dysfunction. It is important that liver disease during pregnancy is recognized because early diagnosis may improve maternal and fetal outcomes, with resultant decreased morbidity and mortality. Liver ...
Selvaraj Priya - - 2012
Heterotropic pregnancy, although a rare condition, is associated with a greater frequency in assisted reproduction. It occurs in approximately 1 in 100 pregnancies conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF) particularly when multiple embryos are transferred into the uterus. We report a case of heterotropic pregnancy following IVF with the rupture ...
Wang Dongli - - 2012
This study measured organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) including hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), heptachlor and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in tissues of six mother-fetus pairs of harbor seals that were hunted for subsistence in Alaska waters of the Northern Pacific Ocean. These data ...
Clark Lindsay E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether or not baseline serum transaminases and creatinine measurements, before administration of methotrexate, identified significant liver or kidney disease, which have the potential to alter the management plan for the treatment of ectopic pregnancies. DESIGN: This is a retrospective study of patients treated for ectopic pregnancy. SETTING: ...
Khumanthem Pratima Devi - - 2012
To study the maternal mortality and the complications leading to maternal death. A retrospective study of hospital records and death summaries of all maternal deaths over the period from January 2000 to August 2009 was carried out. There were a total of 80 maternal deaths out of 88,443 live births ...
Keyser Erin A - - 2012
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) and acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) are rare complications of pregnancy affecting approximately 1/10,000 pregnancies each. We describe a patient who had biopsy-proven AFLP complicated by PPCM. Chart review and literature search. The patient is a 22-year-old G5P1213 obese African-American female who presented at 30 weeks ...
Debray Francois-Guillaume - - 2012
Gestational alloimmune liver disease has emerged as the major cause of antenatal liver injury and failure. It usually manifests as neonatal liver failure with hepatic and extrahepatic iron overload, a clinical presentation called neonatal hemochromatosis. We report on a newborn in whom fetal hepatomegaly was detected during pregnancy and who ...
Kidron Debora - - 2012
Fetal liver calcifications are occasionally found in fetal autopsies. However, the incidence, associated findings, clinical significance, and presumed pathogenesis of fetal liver calcifications are not well documented. This study analyzed the characteristics and significance of fetal liver calcifications found on fetal autopsies. Cases of fetal liver calcifications were collected from ...
Simsek Yavuz - - 2012
We present an 18-year-old pregnant woman who was referred to our emergency clinic as a case of acute hepatic failure and hepatic encephalopathy. Laboratory tests showed abnormal liver function tests and serological workup was consistent with acute hepatitis A infection. Ultrasonography revealed a single live fetus with fetal biometry compatible ...
Kumar Manisha - - 2012
The most common reason for demand for abortion in India is unintended pregnancy. To obtain information from low income urban married women regarding incidence and cause of unintended pregnancy. All pregnant married women belonging to low income group were selected for study. The incidence and cause of unintended pregnancy among ...
Check J H - - 2012
To determine the relative pregnancy rates following frozen embryo transfer according to the reason for deferring fresh embryo transfer and freezing all embryos. A retrospective review over a 10-year time period of all in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles that deferred fresh transfer and cryopreserved all embryos related to risk of ...
McGrath Kathryn - - 2012
Childbirth educator Kathryn McGrath reflects on fear and courage and comes to see some levels of fear as a normal part of the process of pregnancy and birth and not something to be brushed aside. In this article, originally presented as a keynote address in 2005 at the Lamaze International ...
Crago Mark S - - 2012
No direct evidence points to fetal harm from cervical membrane stripping (CMS) to induce labor in term pregnancies complicated by group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization.
Arikan I I - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the sole effect of sperm concentration on fertilization, embryo quality and pregnancy rates in patients undergoing ICSI cycles. 560 ICSI cycles performed for male factor infertility were divided into four groups according to sperm concentration retrospectively. Group 1 consisted of 86 couples ...
Check J H - - 2012
To determine if the sharing of oocytes by an infertile woman with an egg recipient for financial advantages has any negative impact on the success rate for the donor. A matched controlled study was performed comparing pregnancy outcome of women undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) but sharing half of ...
Estes Larissa J - - 2012
Maternal mortality is often used to measure health and well-being for women. Improved surveillance efforts can improve maternal mortality estimates and inform the development of strategies to address the needs of maternal and child health populations. The purpose of this study was to provide better estimates of maternal mortality in ...
Noor Forhana Rahman - - 2012
Unintended pregnancies are associated with unsafe abortion and greater risk of maternal morbidity and maternal deaths. In Bangladesh, approximately one-third of pregnancies are unintended. Considering the magnitude of the situation and its consequences, this article explores factors associated with the prevalence of unintended pregnancies in rural Bangladesh with implications for ...
Canda M T - - 2012
The aim of this study was to verify whether FV Leiden, PT G20210A, MTHFR C667T or MTHFR A1298C mutations influence the risk of recurrent fetal loss in a sample of Turkish women who had experienced recurrent fetal loss and to evaluate whether the aforementioned thrombophilias and recurrent fetal loss may ...
Araujo Júnior Edward - - 2012
Cancer is the second leading cause of death during the reproductive years, but the incidence during pregnancy is low. The incidence of cancer of the rectum during pregnancy is very rare (1:50,000 to 1:100,000 pregnancies). Usually, the symptoms of this type of cancer are nonspecific and sometimes they are confused ...
Wurtz Heather - - 2012
Indigenous women in Latin America have poorer reproductive health outcomes than the general population and face considerable barriers in accessing adequate health services. Indigenous women have high rates of adolescent fertility and unintended pregnancy and may face increased risks for morbidity and mortality related to unsafe abortion. However, research among ...
Skjaerven Rolv - - 2012
To assess the association of pre-eclampsia with later cardiovascular death in mothers according to their lifetime number of pregnancies, and particularly after only one child. Prospective, population based cohort study. Medical Birth Registry of Norway. We followed 836,147 Norwegian women with a first singleton birth between 1967 and 2002 for ...
Evans Jemma - - 2012
Synchronous development of the endometrium (to achieve a receptive state) and of the embryo is essential for successful implantation and ongoing pregnancy. Endometrial receptivity exists only for a finite time in a menstrual cycle and the endometrium is refractory to embryo implantation outside of this window. Administration of hormones to ...
van Aalten Susanna M - - 2012
Hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) in pregnant women requires special considerations because of the risk of hormone induced growth and spontaneous rupture, which may threaten the life of both mother and child. Due to scarcity of cases there is no evidence-based algorithm for the evaluation and management of HCA during pregnancy. Most ...
Agus Yenita - - 2012
The Indonesia Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) of 420/100.00 live births remains among the highest in East Asia while coverage of births assisted by skilled providers is still low. Traditional beliefs have been a key factor associated with the choice between midwives or traditional birth attendants (TBA) and the low number ...
Warner Jessica A - - 2012
During the first trimester of pregnancy, a series of tightly regulated interactions govern the formation of a highly invasive population of fetal-derived extravillous cytotrophoblasts (EVT). Successful pregnancy is dependent on efficient invasion of the uterine wall and maternal spiral arteries by EVT. Dysregulated trophoblast invasion is associated with intrauterine growth ...
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