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Raz Tal - - 2009
Superovulatory treatment may potentially increase the embryo recovery rate and the per-cycle pregnancy rate in normal or subfertile mares that are managed properly. However, some studies suggest a possible negative effect of superovulatory treatment on ovarian follicular maturation and embryo viability. Objectives of the present study were to investigate the ...
Ousey J C - - 2008
REASONS FOR PERFORMING THE STUDY: Chronic and acute alterations in maternal nutrient intake during pregnancy alter pancreatic and hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function in the offspring, before and after birth. Little is known about these effects. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal nutrient restriction caused by natural infection with Streptococcus equi altered ...
Raggio Ignacio - - 2008
Multiple pregnancies are still an important cause of noninfectious abortion, stillbirth, neonatal mortality, and significant delays in reproductive performance in mares. Despite new management techniques, reduction in multiple pregnancies is an ongoing preoccupation and challenge for the equine veterinarian. The aim of the present study was to establish a twin ...
Verallo-Rowell Vermén M - - 2008
Atopic dermatitis (AD) skin is dry and readily colonized by Staphylococcus aureus (SA). Coconut and olive oils are traditionally used to moisturize and treat skin infections. To compare virgin coconut oil (VCO) and virgin olive oil (VOO) in moisturizing dryness and removing SA from colonized AD skin. This was a ...
Haque Sameena - - 2008
PURPOSE: To measure corneal and epithelial thickness across four meridians using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and to compare these measurements between normal non-lens wearers (NLW), rigid gas permeable (RGP) lens wearers, and RGP-wearing keratoconics (KC). METHODS: Both eyes of 60 subjects were measured (20 NLW, nine female:11 male, 27.6 +/- ...
Hanson G R - - 2008
A two-frequency x-mode reflectometer operating from 100 to 146 GHz is deployed on Alcator C-Mod to measure the density profile and fluctuations in the scrape-off layer (SOL) immediately in front of the new J-port ICRF antenna and the new C-port lower hybrid launcher. The reflectometer covers densities from 10(16) to ...
Bonaccorsi Rosalba - - 2008
Science results from a field-simulated lander payload and post-mission laboratory investigations provided "ground truth" to interpret remote science observations made as part of the 2005 Mars Astrobiology Research and Technology Experiment (MARTE) drilling mission simulation. The experiment was successful in detecting evidence for life, habitability, and preservation potential of organics ...
Kustarci Alper - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to compare in-vitro the amount of debris extruded apically from extracted teeth, using K3, Protaper rotary instruments and manual step-back technique. Forty five human single-rooted mandibular premolar teeth were randomly divided into 3 groups. The teeth in 3 groups were instrumented until reaching the ...
Malaekeh-Nikouei Bizhan - - 2008
The aim of this study was to prepare and characterize neutral, positively charged, negatively charged and fusogenic liposomes of different sizes that contain cyclosporine A (CyA) and to evaluate their immunosuppressive activity on human T-cells. Neutral liposomes containing CyA were prepared from dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and cholesterol using the solvent evaporation ...
Altisent Rosa - - 2008
The aim of this work was to assess whether extra time spent under AIR conditions after storage in an ultra low oxygen (ULO) atmosphere could allow the regeneration of volatile compound emission without negatively affecting quality parameters and the consumer acceptability of Fuji apples. Fruits were stored for 19 and ...
Ares Gustavo R - - 2008
NaCl absorption in the medullary thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle (THAL) is mediated by the apical Na/K/2Cl cotransporter (NKCC2). Hormones that increase cGMP, such as nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides, decrease NaCl absorption by the THAL. However, the mechanism by which cGMP decreases NaCl absorption in ...
Axon Jane E - - 2008
The neonatal foal is in a period of transition between fetal and extrauterine life. The clinicopathologic findings in this period often reflect the in utero environment; thus, results need to be interpreted with the knowledge of changes that intrauterine life may produce. These changes can also assist the veterinarian in ...
Bucca S - - 2008
The present study describes the effect of a single dose of dexamethasone administered to mares at time of breeding. In an initial experiment, the authors investigated safety of treatment. In a second experiment the effect of treatment on the uterine environment, fetal development and pregnancy outcome was examined. In the ...
Yoshida Tatsuro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Red cell (RBC) storage can be extended to 9 weeks under anaerobic or alkaline conditions. Simultaneous use of these approaches has not provided additive benefit. Our objective was to determine whether anaerobic storage with acidified additive solution (AS) coupled with metabolic rejuvenation might further improve the benefits of anaerobic ...
Donadeu F X - - 2008
The mare provides a unique experimental model for studying follicle development in monovular species. Development of antral follicles in horses is characterized by the periodic growth of follicular waves which often involve the selection of a single dominant follicle. If properly stimulated, the dominant follicle will complete development and eventually ...
Janowski T - - 2008
Total of 30 pregnant mares were used in this study: 17 Thoroughbred and 13 Primitive Polish Horse. The concentration of total unconjugated oestrogens was determined by radioimmunoassay in faecal samples obtained every second week after mating until delivery or interruption of pregnancy. Concentration of oestrogens in pregnant healthy mares ranged ...
Hayes M A - - 2008
A critical period of early gestation in the mare involves the immobilization (fixation) of the encapsulated conceptus at around days 16-17. We compared the major proteins in the normal equine embryonic capsule and endometrial secretions around the period of fixation with those from pregnancies in the process of termination induced ...
Aasr Mona El - - 2008
Conversion of the spirosolane-type glycoside, esculeoside A, a major component contained in the ripe tomato Lycopersicon esculentum fruits, into a solanocapsine-type sapogenol, esculeogenin B-2, (5alpha,22S,23R,25S)-22,26-epimino-16beta,23-epoxy-3beta,23,27-trihydroxycholestane, and esculeogenin B-1, (5alpha,22R,23S,25S)-22,26-epimino-16beta,23-epoxy-3beta,23,27-trihydroxycholestane, which are rare naturally occurring compounds was attained by acid hydrolysis with 2 N HCl in dioxane and water (1 : ...
Jung C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report on the outcome of surgical treatment of uterine torsion in preterm mares. DESIGN: Retrospective case series of pregnant mares with uterine torsion presented to the Clinic for Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Andrology of Large and Small Animals. METHODS: Hospital records of all pregnant mares that underwent ventral midline ...
Rohde Robert A - - 2008
Isolated spikes of anomalously high concentrations of N(2)O have been reported at depths in Greenland and Antarctic ice cores corresponding to narrow time intervals over the past approximately 10(5) years. Now, using a calibrated spectrofluorimeter to map protein-bound Trp, a proxy for microbes, versus depth in the 3,053-m GISP2 ice ...
Samper J C - - 2008
The two most common procedures for breeding management of mares involve induction of luteolysis and induction of ovulation. Although both of these events are usually achieved, physiologic conditions affect the timing of the response. In a diestrus mare treated with prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF), or a PGF analogue, it is well ...
Ellenberger C - - 2008
Previous studies have shown that the equine uterus produces many progesterone-dependent proteins throughout gestation. In particular, uterocalin and uteroferrin are detectable using electrophoresis or blot analyses but information regarding the immunohistochemical placental distribution of these two proteins is rare and information regarding uteroglobin is still lacking. The aim of the ...
Fike David Andrew - - 2008
The metabolic activities of microbial mats have likely regulated biogeochemical cycling over most of Earth's history. However, the relationship between metabolic activity and the establishment of isotopic geochemical gradients in these mats remains poorly constrained. Here we present a parallel microgeochemical and microbiological study of micron-scale sulfur cycling within hypersaline ...
Leblanc M M - - 2008
Most equine infertility cases can be solved with a methodical, thorough physical and reproductive examination and appropriate diagnostic laboratory aids. Repeated examinations may be needed in some cases to identify subtle anatomical abnormalities or irregularities between hormonal and physiological relationships of the reproductive tract. For pregnancy to occur, hormonal signaling ...
Umemura K - - 2008
Maxacalcitol (22-oxacalcitriol), a vitamin D3 analogue, is widely used for the treatment of psoriasis in Japan. The effects of topically applied dermatologic preparations have routinely been assessed by their pharmacodynamic profiles and their concentrations in the skin correlate well with these profiles. OBJECTIVES: Recently, a maxacalcitol lotion formulation (M514102) was ...
Boeckler Arne F - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Dibenzoyl peroxide (BPO), an initiator in polymethyl methacrylate denture base resins, has been associated with allergic reactions in human patients. This study evaluated the content of BPO in acrylic denture base materials (ADBM) prior and subsequent to recommended and additional post-polymerization, and subsequent to storage in varying solutions. The ...
Arnold Carolyn E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine signalment, physical examination and clinicopathologic abnormalities, outcome, and subsequent fertility of mares with periparturient hemorrhage (PPH) and identify factors associated with outcome (ie, survival vs death). DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: 73 mares. PROCEDURES: Medical records were reviewed for information on age, breed, initial complaint, physical examination ...
Ruff Yves - - 2008
Dynamic analogs of alpha-(1-->5)-D-oligoarabinofuranosides were prepared by oxime polycondensation. These equilibrium polymers were characterized by (1)H NMR studies, NMR DOSY, and MALDI mass spectrometry. Their reversibility under mild acidic conditions was demonstrated by component exchange reaction followed by (1)H NMR studies. Their size and composition can be tuned by component ...
Denis Grégoire - - 2008
The optical properties of Eu-activated (Ba,Sr)(13-x)Al(22-2x)Si(10+2x)O66 materials have been determined after the structural reinvestigation of the hypothetical Ba 13Al 22Si 10O 66 material on the basis of the Gebert's model. The white fluorescence and phosphorescence of the (Ba,Sr)(13-x)Al(22-2x)Si(10+2x)O66:Eu series result from the existence of two broad emission bands associated with ...
Volkmann D - - 2008
While searching for the cause of the Mare Reproductive Loss syndrome (MRLS), we postulated that 1 of 3 tissues in 40-120 D pregnant mares was the likely primary target of the noxious factor that caused early abortions: The corpora lutea (CL), the endometrium or the fetus and/or its membranes. At ...
Annandale C H - - 2008
Twelve pony mares were randomly assigned to either a control or a treatment group and inseminated with fresh, raw semen from a single stallion of known fertility in a cross-over trial design. Pregnancy was diagnosed by transrectal ultrasound 12-14 days post-ovulation and then terminated by administration of a luteolytic dose ...
Lebatard Anne-Elisabeth - - 2008
Ages were determined at two hominid localities from the Chad Basin in the Djurab Desert (Northern Chad). In the Koro Toro fossiliferous area, KT 12 locality (16 degrees 00'N, 18 degrees 53'E) was the site of discovery of Australopithecus bahrelghazali (Abel) and in the Toros-Menalla fossiliferous area, TM 266 locality ...
Tabopda Turibio Kuiate - - 2008
Three new sesquiterpene lactones, (4betaH)-5alpha-hydroxy-8alpha-(2-methylbut-2-enoyloxy)-2-oxo-1(10),11(13)-guaiadien-12,6alpha-olide (1), (4betaH)-8alpha-(2-methylbut-2-enoyloxy)-2-oxo-1(5),10(14),11(13)-guaiatrien-12,6alpha-olide (2) and 2,5-epoxy-2beta-hydroxy-4alpha-methoxy-8alpha-(2-methylbut-2-enoyloxy)-4(15),10(14),11(13)-germacratrien-12,6alpha-olide (3), have been isolated from roots and stems of Elephantopus mollis together with two known sesquiterpene lactones (4, 5). The identification of the isolates was accomplished by spectroscopic methods. Compounds (1-5) exhibited significant cytotoxic activities against mouse neuroblastoma B104 cells.
Deramo David M - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to biomechanically compare the Krackow stitch, an established locking stitch, with a new nonlocking premanufactured stitch for soft-tissue fixation. We evaluated suture construct elongation under loading and load to failure to compare the 2 stitches. METHODS: Twenty porcine Achilles tendons were randomly assigned ...
del Busto-Ramos Maria - - 2008
A prototype bioluminescence-based biosensor was designed and constructed to evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of chlorine dioxide (ClO(2)) gas under various treatment conditions. The biosensor consisted of a bioluminescent bioreporter (Pseudomonas fluorescens 5RL), an optical transducer (photomultiplier tube), and a light-tight chamber housing, the bioreporter and the transducer. The bioluminescent recombinant ...
Feh C - - 2008
The sexual selection hypothesis explains infanticide by males in many mammals. In our 11-year study, we investigated this hypothesis in a herd of Przewalski's horses where we had witnessed infanticidal attacks. Infanticide was highly conditional and not simply linked to takeovers. Attacks occurred in only five of 39 cases following ...
Warren-Smith Amanda K - - 2008
Recently, training horses within round-pens has increased in popularity. Practitioners often maintain that the responses they elicit from horses are similar to signals used with senior conspecifics. To audit the responses of horses to conspecifics, 6 mare-young-horse dyads, this study introduced them to each other in a round-pen and videoed ...
Aneja Arun - - 2008
The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the in-vitro release properties of tobramycin by tricalcium phosphate (TCP) delivery capsules. In addition, two different forms of TCP capsules, matrix and reservoir, were characterized. Three types of TCP ceramic capsules were constructed: six sham matrix capsules (Group A), six tobramycin ...
Dogan I - - 2008
The efficiency of cronolone sponges in combination with either pregnant mare serum gonadotrophin (PMSG) or cloprostenol (PGF2alpha) for inducing and synchronizing the estrous cycle in Turkish Saanen does was investigated during the transition from non-breeding to breeding season. All does (n = 80) were treated with 20 mg cronolone sponges ...
Moravvej G - - 2008
In the present study, the effects of volatile components of Citrus paradisi, C. aurantium, C. limonium and C. sinensis peel essential oils were investigated on the cowpea adult bruchid, Callosobruchus maculatus (F.). The oils were extracted from the fruit peels using hydrodistillation. The results indicated that the citrus oils had ...
Sedda Maurizio - - 2008
AIM: Several new irreversible hydrocolloid formulations have recently become available with claims of an improved dimensional stability by the manufacturers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of casts made from alginate impression materials poured immediately and after specific storage periods. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Five alginates were ...
Nimmo Matthew R - - 2007
To report fertility (foals conceived, live foal births) of mares after partial fetotomy to resolve dystocia and complications associated with fetotomy. Retrospective study. Horses (n=20). Medical records (2001-2006) of mares that had partial fetotomy (1-3 cuts) for dystocia were reviewed. Complications and subsequent fertility were obtained by interview and live ...
Paz Z - - 2007
AIMS: The fungus Meira geulakonigii has been shown to reduce populations of citrus rust mite (CRM; Phyllocoptruta oleivora) on citrus leaves and fruits, in both the field and laboratory. However, attempts to isolate the fungus from leaves and fruits have been unsuccessful. The aims of this study were therefore to ...
Yung A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a common skin problem that affects up to 90% of adolescents. Colonization of the duct with Propionibacterium species is one of the factors implicated in the development of acne. Owing to the increasing incidence of antibiotic resistance, there has been an greater interest in the development ...
Lefranc A -C - - 2007
REASON FOR PERFORMING STUDY: The morphology and surface density of endometrial glands responsible for the nutrition of the placenta requires further study employing computer assisted morphometric analysis. OBJECTIVES: To analyse changes in the morphology and surface density of endometrial glands situated adjacent to, and remote from, the conceptus during the ...
Gutiérrez-Paúls L - - 2007
In the present work the influence of the variables of the microencapsulation procedure on the size of poly (epsilon-caprolactone) microparticles (PECL-MP) obtained by the solvent evaporation method is analysed. This study will allow to choose the work conditions necessary to obtain a suitable PECL-MP size for parenteral administration. Agitation rate ...
Abazov V M - - 2007
We report a measurement of the Lambda(b)(0) lifetime using a sample corresponding to 1.3 fb(-1) of data collected by the D0 experiment in 2002-2006 during run II of the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The Lambda(b)(0) baryon is reconstructed via the decay Lambda(b)(0)-->micronuLambda(c)(+)X. Using 4437+/-329 signal candidates, we measure the Lambda(b)(0) lifetime ...
Davies Morel Mina C G - - 2008
Despite the widespread use of hCG to advance ovulation in the mare there is little information on efficacy of dose rates and any contraindications of its use. This study aims to investigate the effect of dose of hCG on ovulation within 48h and the effect of hCG on: ovulation, multiple ...
Martin M - - 2008
A new mathematical model based on the cinetical Langmuir equation is developed to interpret and predict the effectiveness of simazine (SZ) removal in immobilized-biomass reactor (IBR), to consider herbicide-support affinity (Cx), and herbicide-cell affinity (Cy). Three solid supports: sepiolite monolith, granular sepiolite, and alginate were used in pilot-scale reactors that ...
Kumar P - - 2007
AIMS: The present investigation is aimed at assessing the suitability of cane molasses as a cheaper carbon and energy source for glucoamylase production using alginate-immobilized Thermomucor indicae-seudaticae. METHODS AND RESULTS: The culture variables for glucoamylase production were optimized by 'one-variable-at-a-time' strategy and response surface methodology (RSM). A high glucoamylase titre ...
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