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MacMaught G G Clinical Research Imaging Centre, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2014
Current diagnostic tests for uteroplacental insufficiency are limited. Glutamine and glutamate (Glx) play a vital role in the production of the nucleotides and amino sugars required for cell proliferation in the placenta. Choline (Cho) is a marker of cell turn-over. Proton spectroscopy magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) is a safe, ...
Niebyl Jennifer R JR Professor and Vice-Chair, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, IA, - - 2014
Nausea and vomiting are common in early pregnancy. Forty percent or more of pregnant women may continue to suffer beyond the first trimester and 10% beyond the second trimester. A focus of the assessment is to confirm that the nausea and vomiting is due to the pregnancy and not some ...
Kwon Ji Young JY Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of - - 2013
Little is known about the influences of fetal weight and sex on spectral analysis of fetal heart rate (FHR) variability. The study aims to assess whether there are differences in spectral power of FHR variability according to fetal weight and sex during labor. Case-control study. A total of 414 singleton ...
Siira Saila M - - 2013
Objective information on specific fetal heart rate (FHR) parameters would be advantageous when assessing fetal responses to hypoxia. Small, visually undetectable changes in FHR variability can be quantified by power spectral analysis of FHR variability. To investigate the effect of intrapartum hypoxia and acidemia on spectral powers of FHR variability. ...
Hale Sarah A - - 2013
To evaluate vascular dysfunction using both physiologic measures and biochemical markers, longitudinally, prior to and during pregnancy, in nulliparous women who had uncomplicated pregnancies compared to those who developed complicated hypertension during pregnancy. Twenty healthy nulliparous women were studied during the follicular phase and in early (EP) and late (LP) ...
Bui Yen K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the reproducibility, agreement, and sensitivity of pulsed-wave Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) versus spectral Doppler assessment of right ventricular (RV) myocardial performance index (MPI) in midgestation fetuses in both a normal and a disease state. METHODS: RV MPI was calculated using pulsed-wave ...
Huntington Susie E SE Medical Research Council (MRC) Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK. - - 2013
To describe predictors of pregnancy and changes in pregnancy incidence among HIV-positive women accessing HIV clinical care. Data were obtained through the linkage of two separate studies: the UK Collaborative HIV Cohort study (UK CHIC), a cohort of adults attending 13 large HIV clinics; and the National Study of HIV ...
Dzieciolowska-Baran Edyta - - 2013
Rhinitis is a common disease of women during pregnancy. It can start in almost any gestational week and disappears after delivery. The main symptoms are sneezing, nasal congestion or running nose. The diagnosis is usually based on history, physical examination, blood tests, and exclusion of the other more common types ...
Weidlich Patricia P Section of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Rua Ramiro Barcelos, 2492, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, 90035-003. - - 2013
This randomized controlled clinical trial was carried out to assess the effect of comprehensive nonsurgical periodontal treatment and strict plaque control performed during pregnancy on the reduction of preterm and/or low birth weight rates (PTLBW). Three hundred and three women were randomly allocated to receive periodontal treatment either during pregnancy ...
Naji O - - 2012
To describe placental location in the first trimester of pregnancy and subsequent placental migration in women with and without a history of previous cesarean delivery. In this prospective case-control study, placental location was defined according to five anatomical sites in relation to the endometrial cavity. Placental localization was carried out ...
Gaohua Lu - - 2012
Pregnant women are usually not part of the traditional drug development programme. Pregnancy is associated with major biological and physiological changes that alter the pharmacokinetics (PK) of drugs. Prediction of the changes to drug exposure in this group of patients may help to prevent under- or overtreatment. We have used ...
Steinmetz Alexis R - - 2012
The function(s) of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) and its accompanying aversions and cravings remain unresolved. Neither of the two major adaptive hypotheses, "maternal/embryo protection" and "placental growth," have been tested using data from a low-income country. We examined NVP in a cross-sectional study of 427 pregnant women. The ...
Patil Crystal L - - 2012
Women all over the globe report physical and appetite sensations in early pregnancy, and this study contributes to this growing literature by reporting on the appetite sensations experienced by pregnant women from rural Tanzania. Appetite changes associated with 545 pregnancies were compiled from surveys conducted to report on the prevalence ...
Morley L - - 2012
This randomized controlled trial investigated whether delaying human chorionic gonadotrophin hormone (hCG) administration within an IVF cycle impacts upon clinical outcomes. Participants included 125 women undergoing IVF/ICSI cycles at Leeds Centre for Reproductive Medicine. Subjects were aged 20-36 years, body mass index (BMI) 20-30 kg/m(2) with a normal FSH level ...
Bury Louise - - 2012
To explore women's experience of unwanted pregnancy and induced abortion in Bolivia, where nearly all induced abortions are carried out in clandestine, unregulated, and unsafe conditions. Qualitative and quantitative research methods, including focus group discussions, in-depth interviews and a structured survey of women of reproductive age, were used to explore ...
Pearce Christy F - - 2012
A review of the approach in pregnancy to a very commonly encountered neurological disorder (headache), along with less commonly encountered neurological entities that none the less deserve the obstetrician's attention. Definitions of specific disorders and differential diagnoses are reviewed, along with treatment options and pregnancy-associated morbidities. Headache is reviewed first ...
Ames Mary - - 2012
Chronic hypertension in pregnancy is one of the most common medical diseases affecting pregnancy. It is associated with serious maternal and fetal complications, including superimposed pre-eclampsia, fetal growth restriction, premature delivery, placental abruption, and stillbirth. Baseline evaluation as early as possible is important to differentiate women with essential hypertension from ...
Ananthakrishnan Ashwin N - - 2012
To examine the impact of pregnancy on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This was a retrospective study in a tertiary referral center and included women with ≥2 short inflammatory bowel disease questionnaire (SIBDQ) scores obtained during their pregnancy. Regression models were used to identify ...
Liu Bette - - 2012
Background As genital chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis) notifications have increased in Australia, time trends in hospitalisations for ectopic pregnancy and female infertility between 2001 and 2008 in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, and their relationship to trends in chlamydia notifications in women were assessed. Methods: Annual rates of chlamydia notification, and ...
Li Ling-Jun LJ Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, Children's Medical Institute, and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National University of Singapore, - - 2012
To estimate the effects of maternal body mass index (BMI) and pregnancy weight gain on the retinal microvasculature among pregnant women. We studied 814 pregnant women aged 18-46 years who were recruited as part of the Growing Up in Singapore Toward Health Outcomes study, an ongoing birth cohort study from ...
Contreras Campos María Elena - - 2012
Teenage pregnancy has been associated with adverse effects for the mother and the newborn (NB). In order to compare body composition (BC) between adolescents (Ad) and mature women (MW) during pregnancy and to determine the difference in birthweight and perinatal morbidity, pregnant Ad (n = 40) and MW (n = 227) were studied. BC ...
Mathiesen Elisabeth R - - 2012
This review highlights factors of importance for the clinical care of pregnant women with pregestational diabetes and microalbuminuria or diabetic nephropathy with particular focus on the role of intensive antihypertensive treatment during pregnancy. Most information in the literature comes from women with type 1 diabetes and diabetic nephropathy, but this ...
Cift Tayfur - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Our aim was to determine the effects of maternal serum and amniotic fluid levels of cluster of differentiation 146 (CD-146), transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, interleukin (IL)-12, IL-18, and interferon (IFN)-γ on intrauterine growth restriction and preterm labor. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, we included pregnant women who ...
Roberts Sarah C M - - 2012
AIMS: Concern about the effects of alcohol and drug use during pregnancy is intertwined with debates about abortion. There is concern that alcohol abstinence recommendations lead women using low levels of alcohol to terminate otherwise wanted pregnancies. This study examines how women describe alcohol, tobacco and/or drug use (ATOD) as ...
Supakatisant Chayanis - - 2012
Leg cramps are common in pregnant women. Currently, there is no standard treatment for pregnancy-induced leg cramps. The objective of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of oral magnesium in pregnant women with leg cramps. This double-blinded, randomised, placebo-controlled trial included 86 healthy pregnant women, 14-34 weeks of ...
Fayet-Mello Aurélie - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Physiological changes associated with pregnancy may alter antiretroviral plasma concentrations and might jeopardize prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (MTCT). Lopinavir is one of the protease inhibitors more frequently prescribed during pregnancy in Europe. We described the free and total pharmacokinetics of lopinavir in HIV-infected pregnant and non-pregnant women, and ...
Redecha Mikuláš M - - 2012
PURPOSE: Uterine artery embolization (UAE) has become an alternative therapy for the treatment of symptomatic myomas. The questions of fertility and pregnancy outcome after uterine artery embolization are still not answered. The study presents the results of pregnancies after UAE. The main goal was to evaluate the course of these ...
Vrebosch L - - 2012
The number of women of reproductive age undergoing bariatric surgery, including laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), has increased in recent years. The objective of this study was to list both maternal and neonatal outcomes in pregnancies in obese women (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) after LAGB and compare them with pregnancies in obese or ...
Stewart Donna E - - 2012
Violence associated with pregnancy is a major public health concern, but little is known about it in recent migrant women. This study looked at (1) risk factors for violence associated with pregnancy among newly arrived migrant women in Canada and (2) if those who experienced violence associated with pregnancy had ...
Csoma Eszter - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Immunosuppression due to pregnancy may lead to higher susceptibility to infections and reactivation of latent infections, such as BK polyomavirus (BKPyV). There is lack of information about the prevalence of novel human polyomavirus 9 (HPyV9), WU (WUPyV) and KI (KIPyV) during pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: To study whether pregnancy results in ...
Chong Cheryl - - 2012
Objective. To analyze changing trends of cesarean section (CS) birth rates over an eleven-year period (2000-2010) using the Robson Ten Group Classification System (RTGCS) to identify the main contributors of the rising CS birth rates at a tertiary teaching hospital in Singapore. Design. Retrospective study. Setting. National University Hospital, Singapore. ...
Daoud Nihaya - - 2012
Objectives. We describe the prevalence of abuse before, during, and after pregnancy among a national population-based sample of Canadian new mothers. Methods. We estimated prevalence, frequency, and timing of physical and sexual abuse, identified category of perpetrator, and examined the distribution of abuse by social and demographic characteristics in a ...
Bolin Marie M Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Sweden. - - 2012
Preeclampsia is associated with both maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG) is a protein interacting with angiogenesis, coagulation, and inflammatory responses, processes known to be altered in preeclamptic pregnancies. Significantly lower levels of HRG have been demonstrated as early as in the first trimester in women later ...
Mudd Lanay M - - 2012
ABSTRACT: While early studies on the effects of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) during pregnancy were concerned about possible harm to the mother or fetus, these fears have not been substantiated. Instead, a growing body of literature has documented several health benefits related to pregnancy LTPA. The purpose of this paper ...
Lund Ingunn Olea - - 2012
AIM: This study describes the use of prescribed drugs among women in Opioid Maintenance Treatment (OMT) prior to and during pregnancy. DESIGN: This cohort study was based on data from two nationwide databases: the Medical Birth Registry of Norway and the Norwegian Prescription Database. SETTING: Norway, 2004-2010. PARTICIPANTS: OMT drugs ...
Yanikkerem Emre - - 2012
Aim:  The aim of the study was to explore the prevalence and characteristics of women with unplanned pregnancy (UP) and to examine the associations between pregnancy planning status and women's health practice and depression during pregnancy in Manisa, Turkey. Material and Methods:  The study was conducted with pregnant women (n = 550) ...
Tam Wing Hung - - 2012
Aims:  To study the prediction of abnormal glucose tolerance (AGT), diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension (HT) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) among Chinese women using glycemic indices in the mid-trimester of pregnancy. Methods:  A cohort of Chinese women who had had either normal glucose tolerance or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during a ...
Blum Jennifer - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Medical abortion in the United States requires clinic-based follow-up, representing additional time and cost to women and clinics. We studied a semi-quantitative home pregnancy test as a possible replacement for in-person follow-up. STUDY DESIGN: Four hundred and ninety women participated in the clinical study and used a pregnancy test ...
Huser Martin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the available clinical evidence on the continued effectiveness of midurethral sling (MUS) surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women who become pregnant and undergo delivery, and then to determine the optimal mode of delivery for such women. METHODS: An online search was carried out to retrieve ...
Ibrahim Moustafa Ibrahim - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential role of measuring first-trimester maternal Pentraxin-3 levels in patients with primary unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss. STUDY DESIGN: A case control study was conducted in Ain Shams University Maternity Hospital. Cases included 45 women with primary unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss and early pregnancy failure admitted for ...
Metzger Boyd E - - 2012
Abstract The Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) Study showed significant perinatal risks at levels of maternal hyperglycemia below values that are diagnostic for diabetes. A Consensus Panel of the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) reviewed HAPO Study results and other work that examined associations of ...
Bellissima Valentina - - 2012
The use of antidepressant drugs, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), during pregnancy is rapidly increasing. To date, the effects of SSRI on pregnant women and fetuses are controversial and still a matter of debate. Although a number of studies have shown that these antidepressants are not teratogenic, some ...
Pereira Gavin - - 2012
BackgroundPre-eclampsia is a common complication of pregnancy and is a major cause of fetal-maternal mortality and morbidity. Despite a number of plausible mechanisms by which air pollutants might contribute to this process, few studies have investigated the association between pre-eclampsia and traffic emissions, a major contributor to air pollution in ...
Edmonds Joyce K JK College of Nursing and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA 02125, USA. - - 2012
to test the predictive value of women's self-identified criteria in place of birth decisions in the event of uncomplicated childbirth in a setting where facility based skilled birth attendants are available. a retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted in two phases. The first phase used data from in-depth interviews. The second ...
Cardonick E - - 2012
BackgroundThe purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of taxane chemotherapy during pregnancy and compare maternal and neonatal outcomes with those in women who did not receive taxanes during pregnancy, and review current existing data.Study designThis is a retrospective cohort study in which women were identified from the ...
Frantzen Carlijn - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:We studied the reciprocal effect of pregnancy and von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease by analyzing the influence of pregnancy on VHL disease-related lesions and VHL disease on pregnancy outcome. METHODS:Medical charts and imaging reports from the VHL disease expertise centers in the Netherlands were used to retrospectively assess lesion progression score ...
Xie Yiqiong - - 2012
Background: We explored whether there is any change of periodontal disease status during and after pregnancy. We also examined whether the change is different between women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and women without GDM during pregnancy. Methods: We conducted a follow-up study at Woman's Hospital, Baton ...
Bourjeily Ghada - - 2012
PURPOSE: Many changes that normally occur during pregnancy disrupt sleep and may lead to excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS). However, given that pregnancy may also predispose to the development of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), we sought to investigate whether EDS may be associated with snoring, gasping, or apneas, further suggesting SDB. METHODS: ...
Hunt Lauren - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal diagnosis of a chromosomal abnormality currently involves the use of an invasive procedure, which has a risk of fetal loss. The aim of this study was to identify whether pregnancies conceived via assisted reproductive technologies were more or less likely to be subjected to an invasive procedure compared ...
Hoekstra J - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Child-bearing aged women account for approximately 25% of patients with non-cirrhotic portal vein thrombosis (PVT). We aimed to assess maternal and fetal outcomein pregnant women with known PVT. Methods: Retrospective analysis of women with chronic PVT's files in three European referral centers between 1986 and 2010. RESULTS: ...
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