Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1390
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Morales Roselló José - - 2012
Objectives: To establish Doppler reference values for the fetal vertebral artery resistance index (VA RI), pulsatility index (VA PI) and peak systolic velocity (VA PSV), and describe their normal ratios to the umbilical artery (UA) throughout the second and third trimester of pregnancy. Methods: Between 19 and 41 weeks of ...
Moraru Manuela - - 2012
PROBLEM: Natural killer (NK, CD3(-) CD56(+) /CD16(+) ) and NKT-like cells (CD3(+) CD56(+) /CD16(+) ) activity is considered among the key factors for reproductive success. In the absence of immunological screening, beneficial effects of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in preventing recurrent reproductive failure (RRF) have not been reported. Here, we analyse ...
Meyer Marjorie - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: The goal of this study was to determine whether improved access to medication assisted therapy in the general population, with improved coordination of ancillary services for pregnant women, improved perinatal outcomes in a nonurban area. METHODS:: The cohort of women treated for opioid dependence during pregnancy with medication-assisted therapy ...
Bismuth E - - 2012
AIM: The clinical guidelines reported by the French-Speaking Diabetes Society (Société francophone du diabète) include updated recommendations for preconceptual planning and care in the management of pregnancy in women with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). METHODS: The working group included diabetologists, as well as an obstetrician, a nurse and a ...
Cook Timothy J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) is the most common cause of severe perinatal thrombocytopenia, arising from the transplacental passage of maternal antibodies directed at paternally inherited antigens on fetal platelets. AIM: To review the occurrence, management and perinatal outcomes of pregnancies complicated by FNAIT from a single tertiary ...
Liu S L - - 2012
Aims  To compare the prevalence of diabetes in pregnancy, pregnancy care and adverse pregnancy outcomes in on-reserve First Nations women vs. non-First Nations women in Ontario, Canada. Methods  A retrospective population-based cohort study was performed. All 487 368 live singleton hospital deliveries between 1 April 2002 and 31 March 2010 were ...
Andreu-Vázquez Cristina - - 2012
To avoid the problems associated with twinning in dairy cattle, one of the embryos may be eliminated. This study compares the effect on pregnancy maintenance of two embryo reduction techniques, manual rupture (MR) and transvaginal ultrasound-guided aspiration (TUGA) of allanto-amniotic fluid, in Holstein-Friesian cows with multiple pregnancies. In the first ...
Bahado-Singh Ray O - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the use of metabolomics for the first-trimester detection of maternal metabolic dysfunction in and prediction of subsequent development of early-onset preeclampsia. Study Design: This was a case-control study of maternal plasma samples collected at 11-13 weeks' gestation from 30 women that subsequently developed preeclampsia requiring delivery ...
Okour Abdelhakeem - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the level and determinants of awareness of the danger signs and symptoms of pregnancy complication among pregnant Jordanian women aged 15years and older. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study of 350 women attending prenatal care services was performed. Interviews were conducted at 4 public-health centers in Zarqa, Jordan, ...
Thomopoulos C - - 2012
Hypertensive complications in pregnancy are the leading cause of maternal morbidity, at least in the developed countries. In recent years, infertility issues are managed with ever growing therapeutic options namely assisted reproductive technologies (ART), which improve the ratio of successful induction of pregnancy. It is still debated whether various ART ...
Fritel Xavier - - 2012
Hypotheses that might explain urinary incontinence during pregnancy and after childbirth have been examined. Urinary incontinence prevalence reaches a maximum during pregnancy and decreases after childbirth. Cesarean delivery is associated with lower rates of stress incontinence than vaginal delivery. Women delivered by cesarean section differ from women who had a ...
Pollard Matthew E - - 2012
PURPOSE: Although few data have been published on the safety of childbearing after surgery for stress urinary incontinence, a large proportion of physicians recommend that women wait to complete childbearing before pursuing surgical treatment for stress urinary incontinence. We systematically reviewed the available literature to examine the safety of pregnancy ...
Fedoroff Ingrid C - - 2012
Objective:  Currently, the use of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) therapy is not recommended in pregnancy because the effects of SCS on the pregnancy and developing fetus are unknown. However, many SCS recipients are women of childbearing age who may later become pregnant. The purpose of the present report is to ...
Roman Ashley S - - 2012
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of vaginal fetal fibronectin (fFN) sampling for predicting preterm birth in asymptomatic women carrying triplet gestations. METHODS: An historical cohort of patients carrying triplet gestations between 1998 and 2010 was identified from a single practice by chart review. All patients were screened with ...
Beauharnais Catherine C - - 2012
Timing and cause of pregnancy loss differ between type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The objective of the study was to determine whether placental histology corresponds to differing causes of pregnancy loss in T1DM and T2DM. We hypothesized that placentas from mothers with T2DM would be more ...
Köşüş Nermin - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine two-dimensional ultrasound (2D US) volumetric measurements of 1st trimester structures and their relationship with β-hCG, progesterone, and fetal heart rate (FHR) in 6-10 weeks healthy pregnant women. METHODS: Using conventional 2D transvaginal ultrasound imaging, the crown rump length (CRL), yolk sac (YS) and gestational sac ...
Bakas Panagiotis - - 2012
Background/Aims: To investigate the reproductive outcome after hysteroscopic resection of uterine septum in women with septate uterus and otherwise idiopathic primary infertility. Methods: Sixty-eight patients with septate uterus and idiopathic primary infertility were included in this prospective observational study. All patients underwent hysteroscopic metroplasty with scissors under general anesthesia. Main ...
Kim W - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To investigate the influence of pregnancy on patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD). METHODS:A total of 190 women with NMOSD were enrolled from 7 referral hospitals in 4 countries. We reviewed medical records and used a structured questionnaire to investigate gravidity, parity, and the number of relapses during the ...
Eckmann-Scholz Christel - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To detect the number and diagnosis of fetal malformations in teenage pregnancies and to evaluate whether low maternal age or epigenetic factors have an influence on this issue. Methods and Material: We performed a retrospective analysis in a single center for prenatal diagnostics in Northern Germany. We searched ...
Metcalfe Amy - - 2012
In 2009, new guidelines were established by the American Academy of Neurology regarding pregnancy in women with epilepsy. A questionnaire was developed to assess patient knowledge of current guidelines related to epilepsy and pregnancy. Patients were recruited from a single outpatient clinic in a large Canadian tertiary care center. Patients ...
Mongelli M - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To test the hypothesis that small or large for gestational age (SGA or LGA) newborns have anomalous crown rump length (CRL) growth rates in the 1(st) trimester. Methods: Prospective observational study. Women in the 1(st) trimester presenting to the Early Pregnancy Unit, between November 2006 and December 2010, ...
Gross Bradley A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Prior hemorrhage, deep venous drainage and deep location are established risk factors for AVM hemorrhage. Although pregnancy is an assumed risk factor, there is a relative paucity of data to support this neurosurgical tenet. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the hemorrhage rate of AVMs during pregnancy. METHODS: We reviewed the records ...
van Oostwaard Mf - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: van Oostwaard M, Langenveld J, Bijloo R, Wong K, Scholten I, Loix S, Hukkelhoven C, Vergouwe Y, Papatsonis D, Mol B, Ganzevoort W. Prediction of recurrence of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy between 34 and 37 weeks of gestation: a retrospective cohort study. BJOG 2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03312.x ...
Seet Emily L - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the risk of adverse neonatal outcomes between women with placenta accreta and placenta increta or percreta. Methods: This was a single institution retrospective cohort study of women with abnormal placentation (placenta accreta, increta, and percreta) who delivered from 1982-2002. Cases ...
McDonald Andrea M - - 2012
Objectives  To (i) document the incidence of multiplicity in Nigeria, (ii) compare healthcare utilization during pregnancy and at delivery for singleton and multiple pregnancies (iii)and investigate whether antenatal care modifies the relationship between multiplicity and likelihood of having skilled attendance. Methods  This observational study was a secondary analysis of the ...
Barbieri C - - 2012
The objective was to determine the cross-sectional area of the umbilical cord, its diameter and the diameter of its vessels to establish a reference curve for these parameters during pregnancy, through a prospective cross-sectional study, including 2,310 low-risk pregnancies between 12 and 40 weeks' gestation. Means and standard deviations (SDs), ...
van Spronsen Joanne H M - - 2012
One complication of malaria infection during pregnancy is the sequestration of parasites in the placenta. The aim of this study was to determine the association between placental malaria and pregnancy outcome. This study was conducted at the Gushegu District Hospital in Ghana from June to August 2010. Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) was ...
Liu A L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES. To determine current trends for different modes of delivery in twin pregnancies, factors affecting the mode of delivery, and associated outcomes. DESIGN. Retrospective cohort study. SETTING. A public hospital in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS. All twin pregnancies booked at Kwong Wah Hospital during a 3-year period from 1 April 2006 ...
Karnis Megan F - - 2012
Women with Turner syndrome are generally infertile due to premature ovarian failure. Few may achieve a spontaneous pregnancy, and others may conceive through assisted reproductive technologies including oocyte donation. These pregnancies are high risk due to the medical conditions associated with Turner syndrome. Maternal death from aortic dissection in pregnancies ...
Hale Sarah A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The current study longitudinally evaluated concentrations of fibrinogen (Fib), D-Dimer, plasminogen activator type-1 (PAI-1) and tissue type plasminogen activator (T-Pa) before pregnancy and in the first and third trimesters of pregnancy with a focus on the pregnancy transition. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty healthy, nonsmoking, nulliparous women, aged 29.8 ± 3.0 ...
Ikechebelu J I - - 2012
We report the first case of a heterotopic pregnancy (HP) following ovulation induction and intrauterine insemination (IUI) with resultant normal intrauterine pregnancy after salpingectomy. A 41-year-old para 0 +0 that presented with primary infertility due to azoospermia and polycystic ovaries after laparoscopic evaluation. She had induction of ovulation with Clomiphene ...
Lee J E - - 2012
The present study prospectively assessed pregnancy outcome of women taking probiotics during the periconceptional period. A group of 104 women who had taken Lactobacillus in early pregnancy and 200 age- and parity-matched control pregnant women exposed to non-teratogenic agents were also recruited into the study and followed-up prospectively. Median gestational ...
Wang Yang - - 2012
Heterotopic pregnancy (HP) is defined as a pregnancy in which one or more embryos is viably implanted in the uterus while the other is implanted elsewhere as an ectopic pregnancy. The occurrence of HP rises dramatically with the increased use of assisted reproductive technology. HP of interstitial pregnancy is one ...
Zeghal Dorra - - 2012
Aim: To study the maternal and fetal morbidity in the association fibroid and pregnancy and the management in this case. Methods: A retrospective study of 80 cases of fibroids associated to pregnancy. These cases were taken from the department "C" of gynecology and obstetrics in the center of maternity and ...
Raja U A - - 2012
This retrospective analysis evaluated the association between maternal body mass index (BMI) and the incidence of maternal and neonatal complications in those women delivering at a North West London hospital between January 2002 and December 2007. Of the women examined, obese mothers (BMI ≥ 30) were shown to be at ...
Ezegwui H U - - 2012
Context: Maternal age, parity, and socioeconomic class are important determinants of obstetric outcome of pregnancy. Teenage pregnancy constitutes a high risk pregnancy with complications arising from a combination of physiological, anatomical, and socioeconomic factors Objective: The objective was to determine the current incidence of all teenage pregnancies and their obstetric ...
Dhobale M - - 2012
This article has been withdrawn at the request of the author(s) and/or editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy.
Piazze Juan - - 2012
to verify whether there are other than transitory effects of antenatal betamethasone (administered for fetal lung maturity [FLM] enhancement) on fetal heart rate (FHR) variability detected by computerized cardiotocography (cCTG) in cases where formerly steroid-treated fetuses reached term. cCTG of one hundred sixty-four women (study group) exposed to antenatal betamethasone ...
Hellgren Charlotte - - 2012
Knowledge about healthy women’s psychophysiological adaptations during the large neuroendocrine changes of pregnancy and childbirth is essential in order to understand why these events have the potential to disrupt mental health in vulnerable individuals. This study aimed to compare startle response modulation, an objective psychophysiological measure demonstrated to be influenced ...
Collén Anna-Clara - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: Epidemiological studies show that women with pregnancies complicated by hypertension have an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity later in life. The underlying mechanisms to the risk increase remain largely unknown. This study evaluated sympathetic nerve activity in women with hypertensive pregnancies 40 years earlier compared to women with normotensive ...
Edmeades Jeffrey - - 2012
SummaryThis article examines how the sex composition of women's current children at the start of a pregnancy interval influences both fertility desires and the full range of reproductive actions women may take to realize them, including temporary contraception, abortion and sterilization, in Madhya Pradesh, India, where popular notions of ideal ...
Qin Juan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety of ultrasound-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (USgHIFU) ablation of uterine fibroids among women with unintentional pregnancy within 1year of therapy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 435 women who underwent USgHIFU therapy at Chongqing Medical University, China, between October 1, 2006, and October 1, 2009. ...
Haghighi Zahra - - 2012
Background: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the influence of body mass index (BMI) on the reproductive outcomes and clinical pregnancy rate after in vitro fertilization (IVF). Methods: This retrospective study was performed on 230 women undergoing first cycle of standard IVF between October 2008 and February 2010. ...
Gebreselassie Hailemichael - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The provision of medical abortion continues to rely on routine use of ultrasound to confirm expulsion of pregnancy. However, the absence of ultrasound in most of the health facilities in developing countries and the additional training required to enable providers to use ultrasound is often prohibitive. The purpose of ...
Savu Oana - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Pregnancy provides a unique model to study the adaptation of the heart in a physiological situation of transient load changes. This study aimed at assessing the performance of the left ventricle (LV) in normal uncomplicated pregnancies considering the actual LV load and shape. METHODS AND RESULTS: -Serial echocardiographic examinations ...
Baba Tsuyoshi - - 2012
Abdominal pregnancy is a rare condition that is potentially life-threatening for the mother. We present a case of simultaneous ectopic pregnancies (EPs) in the right fallopian tube and in the vesicouterine pouch. A 26-year-old woman had undergone prior ovulation induction with clomiphene citrate and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) at an ...
Naderi M - - 2012
Summary.  To prevent pregnancy loss in women with severe FXIII deficiency, prophylactic replacement therapy with a source of FXIII throughout pregnancy is essential. The aim of this study was to evaluate the bleeding score and rate of successful deliveries in FXIII-deficient pregnant Iranian women receiving regular prophylaxis. Seventeen FXIII-deficient women ...
Lewis Celine C Genetic Alliance UK, London, UK. - - 2012
Prenatal fetal sex determination is clinically indicated for women who are at risk of having a child with a serious genetic disorder affecting a particular sex. Ultrasound has been the traditional method used, but early fetal sex determination using non-invasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD) can now be performed using cell-free fetal ...
Moon Hwa Sook - - 2012
BACKGROUNDOnly a limited portion of sterilized women undergo tubal reanastomosis due to high costs, limited availability of qualified practitioners willing to perform the procedure and increasing success rates with IVF. However, IVF has complications and an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy and multiple pregnancies. Recently, the importance of specialized training ...
Awater Carina - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Information about pregnancy and delivery in hereditary neuromuscular disorders (NMD) is limited and largely restricted to small case series and single case reports. Further data of obstetric histories in clinically and genetically defined subgroups are required. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed the obstetric histories of 178 patients with myotonic dystrophy ...
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