Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1390
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Kirk Emma - - 2012
The majority of ectopic pregnancies can be diagnosed on transvaginal scan before treatment. Diagnosis should be based on positive visualization of an ectopic pregnancy rather the inability to visualize an intrauterine pregnancy. The majority of ectopic pregnancies will be visible on the initial transvaginal scan performed. Those who do not ...
Araújo Natalúcia Matos - - 2012
The objective of this ethnographic study was to understand how women experience their body's physiological processes during pregnancy and their effects on sexuality. The study involved seven women living in a poor neighborhood in São Paulo. Data collection was performed through participant observation and interviews using guiding questions. The data ...
Yi Gwang - - 2012
To investigate the value of stimulated intrauterine insemination (IUI) in women with unilateral tubal occlusion. Superovulation and IUI was performed during 2003-2010 and the medical records were reviewed retrospectively. Thirty-seven infertile women (52 cycles) with unilateral tubal occlusion diagnosed by hysterosalpingography and without other causes of infertility were selected. One-hundred ...
Jung Soo Jung - - 2012
Appendicitis is the most common condition leading to an intra-abdominal operation for a non-obstetric problem in pregnancy. The aim of this study was to examine our experience and to analyze the clinical characteristics and the pregnancy outcomes for appendicitis during pregnancy that was reported in Korea. We reported 25 cases ...
Alabdulrazzaq Fatoumah - - 2012
Some of my pregnant patients have been prescribed various potencies of topical corticosteroids. Do these carry the same fetal risks as systemic corticosteroids? Pregnant women can be reassured that there is no apparent increased risk of adverse fetal effects when using topical corticosteroids during pregnancy, although some data do suggest ...
Gausia K - - 2012
Women in developing countries experience postnatal depression at rates that are comparable with or higher than those in developed countries. However, their personal experiences during pregnancy and childbirth have received little attention in relation to postnatal depression. In particular, the contribution of obstetric complications to their emotional well-being during the ...
Moore James Layne - - 2012
Lamotrigine is a sodium-channel-modulating, antiepileptic drug (AED), which was approved in the USA in 1994 for use in partial-onset seizures. It was ultimately approved for monotherapy in 1998. Lamotrigine has gained widespread use in the USA as both an immediate and an extended-release agent. Lamotrigine is effective against a broad ...
Moser Marvin - - 2012
Hypertensive disorders represent major causes of pregnancy-related maternal mortality worldwide. The current definition and treatment recommendations for elevated blood pressure (BP) during pregnancy in the United States have remained unchanged for many years, unlike the recommendations for hypertension treatment in the general population. Clinical studies have provided convincing evidence that ...
Gremeau Anne-Sophie - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome of unstimulated in vitro maturation (IVM) and routine IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) for women with polycystic ovaries (PCO). DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Fertility unit. PATIENT(S): Ninety-seven patients undergoing IVM were compared with 97 patients undergoing IVF. All had PCO and matched for age, infertility diagnosis, ...
Traill Thomas A - - 2012
Among women with valvular heart disease, those with mitral stenosis carry the greatest potential for problems during pregnancy. Asymptomatic women with aortic stenosis and only mild or moderate left ventricular outflow obstruction generally tolerate pregnancy well, as do those with regurgitant lesions. In Marfan syndrome, pregnancy should not be undertaken ...
Joy Saju - - 2012
Objective To examine the effect of obesity on maternal and neonatal outcomes in women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and managed with diet only, glyburide, or insulin.Study Design Women with singleton gestations enrolled for outpatient services diagnosed with GDM and without history of pregnancy-related hypertension at enrollment or in ...
Morhe Emmanuel S K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportions of male and female teenagers aged 15-19years who have ever been involved in pregnancy, and to examine factors associated with involvement in teenage pregnancy in the Ejisu-Juabeng district of Ghana. METHODS: In a household-based cross-sectional survey, 481 randomly selected male and female teenagers were enrolled ...
Powers Robert W - - 2012
Preeclampsia is a heterogeneous syndrome affecting 3% to 5% of all pregnancies. An imbalance of the antiangiogenic and proangiogenic factors, soluble receptor fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 and placental growth factor (PGF), is thought to contribute to the pathophysiology of preeclampsia. Maternal plasma PGF and soluble receptor fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 ...
Zhao Weixiu - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether women with Ebstein's anomaly can tolerate pregnancy and whether the perinatal outcomes are influenced by the severity of Ebstein's anomaly. METHODS: Data of four women with Ebstein's anomaly delivered in our unit were collected and analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: (1) Two women with Ebstein's anomaly had uneventful ...
Fragoso Yara Dadalti - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Women with multiple sclerosis (MS) who intend to get pregnant are often advised to discontinue disease modifying therapy (DMT) prior to conception. This recommendation is not based on medical evidence and may interfere with disease control by immunomodulatory drugs. The present study was designed to help discuss ...
Falardeau Julie - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Acetazolamide is the mainstay of medical therapy for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Its use in pregnant women has not been recommended because of reported teratogenic effects in rodents and rabbits. However, the safety of acetazolamide use during human pregnancy remains unclear. We report the pregnancy and offspring outcomes in ...
Winner Brooke - - 2012
The rate of unintended pregnancy in the United States is much higher than in other developed nations. Approximately half of unintended pregnancies are due to contraceptive failure, largely owing to inconsistent or incorrect use. We designed a large prospective cohort study to promote the use of long-acting reversible contraceptive methods ...
Sluijs Anne-Marie - - 2012
Objective: To examine the relationship of fear of childbirth (FOC), general anxiety and depression during pregnancy and postpartum with birth complications. Methods: For this prospective cohort study 105 healthy women with low-risk pregnancies (until at least 30 weeks gestation) completed the Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire (W-DEQ) and the Hospital Anxiety ...
Björkander S - - 2012
During normal pregnancy a dampening in T cell-mediated immunity is compensated by an increased pro-inflammatory activity. Likewise, the autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is associated with inflammatory activity and pregnancy complications occur frequently in women with SLE. The aim of this study was to elucidate how SLE influences the ...
Ramagopalan Sreeram - - 2012
ObjectivePregnancy has a well documented effect on relapse risk in multiple sclerosis (MS). Prospective studies have reported a significant decline by two-thirds in the rate of relapses during the third trimester of pregnancy and a significant increase by two-thirds during the first 3 months postpartum. However, it is unclear as ...
Mullin Christine - - 2012
To determine if patients, less than 40 years of age with or without day 5 cryopreservation (d5 cryo), compromise their pregnancy rate (PR) by choosing an eSBT. Retrospective analysis University IVF center 2,203 non-donor fresh IVF cycles in women <40 years of age from January 2004 to January 2010. None ...
Nigro Giovanni G Maternal-Infant Department, University and San Salvatore Hospital of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy. - - 2012
To determine whether fetal hyperechogenic bowel is associated with a poor outcome with or without immunoglobulin therapy. Sixteen pregnant women whose 17 fetuses had hyperechogenic bowel were followed by a protocol of offering additional serologic testing, amniocentesis, hyperimmunoglobulin (HIG), serial ultrasounds, and evaluation of their children. Of 17 fetuses with ...
Carnero A M AM Postgraduate School, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru. - - 2012
To examine the shape (functional form) of the association between the rate of gestational weight gain, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), and preterm birth and its subtypes.   Retrospective cohort study.   National reference obstetric centre in Lima, Peru.   Pregnant women who delivered singleton babies during the period 2006-2009, ...
Doyle Joseph O'Brien - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To describe two cases of successful pregnancy after a rescue course of hCG in the setting of false empty follicle syndrome. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENT(S): Two patients undergoing ultrasound-guided oocyte retrieval with failure to obtain oocytes during oocyte retrieval. INTERVENTION(S): Rescue course of hCG with ...
Mazze Roger R WHO Collaborating Center, International Diabetes Center and Mayo Clinic, Minneapolis, MN 55416, USA. - - 2012
In pregnancy complicated by diabetes periods of hyperglycemia lead to accelerated fetal growth, resulting in a large for gestational age (LGA), or macrosomic, infant. Consequently, our aim was to measure the average volatility or variability in glucose control in women with and without diabetes in pregnancy. Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) ...
Hwang Han Sung - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to establish whether there is a correlation between the size of placental lakes and adverse pregnancy outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Target ultrasonography for diagnosis of placental lake was performed in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy and followed up in the 3rd trimester. Placental lakes ...
Zavaleta Nelly - - 2012
Prenatal iron supplementation is recommended to control anaemia during pregnancy. Low compliance and side effects have been claimed as the main obstacles for adequate impact of the supplementation. As part of a double-blind supplementation study carried out in a hospital located in a shantytown in Lima, Peru, we monitored compliance ...
Oron Galia G Perinatal Division, Helen Schneider Hospital for Women, Rabin Medical Center, Petach Tikva, - - 2012
To identify risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcome in women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and to assess the effect of maternal pre-pregnancy weight and weight gain during pregnancy on pregnancy outcome. A retrospective, matched control study of all gravid women with IBD treated in a single tertiary center. Data ...
Johnson Elizabeth B - - 2012
During pregnancy a ureteral stone and its management may pose risks for the mother and fetus. Definitive ureteroscopic management of an obstructing stone during pregnancy has been increasingly used without a reported increased incidence of urological complications. However, the rate of obstetric complications of ureteroscopy during pregnancy remains undefined. Charts ...
Saha Esha - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate perinatal outcomes of fetal echogenic bowel (FEB). METHOD: This is a retrospective observational study of FEB cases from Jan 2005-Dec 2010. Data from ultrasound and fetal medicine investigations, uterine artery Doppler (UAD), intra-partum care and neonatal outcome were obtained from Fetal Medicine, Obstetric and Neonatal Databases. RESULTS: ...
Wax Joseph R - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare first-trimester transabdominal chorionic villus samples (TA-CVS) when obtained by 20-gauge amniocentesis versus lancet needles. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of all women with viable singleton pregnancies undergoing TA-CVS from 01/01/2009 to 03/31/2011. All CVS were performed by a single operator using a freehand technique and amniocentesis ...
Shek Ka Lai - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Childbirth is an established risk factor of pelvic floor dysfunction. The role of pregnancy is, however, not fully understood. This study was designed to evaluate the potential effect of pregnancy on pelvic floor function. The hypothesis was: Pregnancy has no effect on urethral mobility and levator hiatal ...
Zheteyeva Yenlik A - - 2012
We sought to characterize reports to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) of pregnant women who received tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap). We searched VAERS for reports of pregnant women who received Tdap from Jan. 1, 2005, through June 30, 2010. We conducted a ...
Giannubilo Stefano R - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the maternal and fetal outcomes of pregnancies affected by hypertensive disorders treated with nifedipine versus labetalol. METHODS: A retrospective study in hypertensive patients treated during pregnancy with nifedipine or labetalol was conducted. After the charts review the patients were divided in the four groups: gestational hypertension (113 ...
Metoki Hirohito - - 2012
Although there are some reports that low plasma volume or increased cardiac output is associated with developing preeclampsia, there are few reports of daily serial hemodynamic data during pregnancy. A total of 37 092 home blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) measurements were obtained from 425 normal pregnant women. Heart ...
Barra Sérgio - - 2012
Hypertension complicates 6-8% of pregnancies and includes the following four conditions: hypertension preceding pregnancy or documented before the 20th week of gestation; pre-eclampsia (PE) / eclampsia; chronic hypertension with superimposed pre-eclampsia; and gestational hypertension. The latter is defined as a significant rise in blood pressure after the 20th week of ...
Musilova Ivana - - 2012
The fetal spleen is involved in the response to intrauterine infection and inflammation. The flow pattern of its vein is not pulsatile under normal conditions. The aim of the study was to determine whether the presence of histological chorioamnionitis and funisitis is associated with a continuous or pulsatile flow pattern ...
Gjelland Knut - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To study fertility among women treated by means of ultrasound-guided drainage and antibiotics for tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): One hundred women of reproductive age treated for TOA between June 1986 and July 2003. INTERVENTION(S): Transvaginal ultrasound-guided drainage of TOA was performed in ...
Cassiraga Verónica L - - 2012
From conception to postpartum, pregnancy is a state in which physiologic, metabolic, and anatomic parameters are altered. Pregnancy could affect voice attributes by changing quality and perturbation rates, mainly during the third trimester. The aim of this study was to compare voice attributes between third trimester pregnant and nonpregnant matched ...
Laskov Ido I Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lis Maternity Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2012
To investigate prematurity rate in women aged ≥ 45 carrying a singleton pregnancy. Other maternal and neonatal outcomes are also described. Retrospective cohort study. Women delivering a singleton pregnancy at a single tertiary medical center. The study included all women aged 45 years and over who delivered at 20 weeks ...
Sibai Baha M - - 2012
Objective To examine pregnancy outcomes of women receiving weekly compounded 17 α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P) injections through a home nursing program compared with those reported in a multicenter trial by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Network.Methods The study sample was comprised of patients ...
Zentner Dominica - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To determine whether pregnancy might impact adversely on long-term outcomes in adults post an atrial switch repair on the background of data demonstrating an increased rate of heart failure and death in these adults with systemic right ventricles. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed our adult population with an atrial switch ...
Ferraù Francesco - - 2012
Data concerning pregnancy in women with Cushing's disease treated by gamma-knife (GK) are scanty. We present and discuss the course and outcome of five pregnancies in two women with Cushing's disease (CD), the first of whom was treated only by GK, and the second one treated by surgery, GK and ...
Weichert Alexander - - 2012
Twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence is a rare anomaly of monochorionic multiple pregnancies affecting 1 of 35,000 pregnancies and 1% of monochorionic twin pregnancies. In this condition the affected twin has lethal malformations including poor or absent heart development and is reversely perfused by a structurally normal co-twin. We report ...
Schuit E - - 2012
To predict instrumental vaginal delivery or caesarean section for suspected fetal distress or failure to progress. Secondary analysis of a randomised trial. Three academic and six non-academic teaching hospitals in the Netherlands. 5667 labouring women with a singleton term pregnancy in cephalic presentation. We developed multinomial prediction models to assess ...
Haydardedeoglu Bulent - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the IVF/ICSI outcomes of the long GnRH agonist and the fixed GnRH antagonist protocol in women with PCOS. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Baskent University Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. PATIENTS: Three hundred women with PCOS. INTERVENTIONS: IVF/ICSI following the long GnRH agonist down-regulation or the fixed ...
Amezcua-Prieto Carmen - - 2012
To quantify changes in leisure time physical activity (LTPA) type, frequency, duration and intensity during the first half of pregnancy as compared with the year prior to pregnancy. A cross sectional study was conducted at the Maternal University Hospital in Granada, Spain. A total of 1,175 healthy pregnant women attending ...
Fox Nathan S - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To estimate the association between fetal fibronectin (fFN), cervical length (CL), and spontaneous preterm birth in asymptomatic women with triplet pregnancies. Study Design: A cohort of 39 consecutive women with triplet pregnancies managed in one Maternal-Fetal medicine practice from 2005- 2011 was analyzed. Combined fFN and CL testing ...
Frost Jennifer J - - 2012
Women aged 18-29 have higher rates of unintended pregnancy than any other age-group. Information is needed to understand what characteristics are associated with risky contraceptive use practices among this population and to develop new strategies for reducing these women's risk of unintended pregnancy. Data related to unintended pregnancy risk were ...
Habr Fadlallah - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is common in pregnancy. The cause is multifactorial, including a decreased or transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation, increased intra-abdominal pressure, and gastrointestinal motility disturbances. AIMS: Evaluate the incidence of GERD in pregnancy and assess predictors and predisposing factors. METHOD: This is a secondary analysis of ...
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