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Results 151 - 200 of 1389
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Eckman Delrae M - - 2012
Myogenic tone (MT) is a primary modulator of blood flow in the resistance vasculature of the brain, kidney, skeletal muscle, and perhaps in other high-flow organs such as the pregnant uterus. MT is known to be regulated by endothelium-derived factors, including products of the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and/or the ...
Udofia Emilia Asuquo - - 2012
Background: A qualitative survey was conducted among childbearing women at three public health facilities in Uyo, Nigeria. We aimed to determine (i) women's expectations of partner support during pregnancy and the postpartum period; (ii) predictors of partner presence during childbirth. Methods: From May to mid-July 2011, 387 eligible women were ...
McCombe Pamela A - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is more common in females than males and frequently affects women during their reproductive years. Thus, issues surrounding pregnancy and reproduction are of concern to women with MS. This review documents studies that shed light on reproductive issues in women with MS. The available literature was searched ...
Kovač Vilma - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare blood coagulation parameters between pregnant women with vaginal bleeding in the first trimester of pregnancy and pregnant women with normal pregnancy in the first trimester. METHODS: A prospective controlled study of 98 women in the first trimester of vital pregnancy was conducted at the University Medical Centre ...
Coyle P K - - 2012
Pregnancy is a major concern in multiple sclerosis (MS), because the typical patient is a young woman of childbearing age. This article reviews the impact of pregnancy on MS. Disease activity decreases, particularly during the last trimester. There is a temporary rebound of disease activity in the 3 months postpartum. ...
Seeman M V - - 2012
Seeman MV. Clinical interventions for women with schizophrenia: pregnancy. Objective:  A comprehensive treatment program for schizophrenia needs to include services to women of childbearing age that address contraception, pregnancy, and postpartum issues, as well as safe and effective parenting. To update knowledge in these areas, a summary of the recent ...
Barakat Ruben - - 2012
Abstract Objective: In this study, the authors assessed the effects of a structured, moderate-intensity exercise program during the entire length of pregnancy on a woman's method of delivery. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with 290 healthy pregnant Caucasian (Spanish) women with a singleton gestation who were randomly assigned ...
Smith Kristen W - - 2012
Parabens are suspected endocrine disruptors and ubiquitous preservatives used in personal care products, pharmaceuticals, and foods. No studies have assessed the variability of parabens in women, including during pregnancy. We evaluated predictors and variability of urinary paraben concentrations. We measured urinary concentrations of methyl (MP), propyl (PP), and butyl paraben ...
Farah Nadine - - 2012
Outside pregnancy, both obesity and diabetes mellitus are associated with changes in inflammatory cytokines. Obesity in pregnancy may be complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and/or fetal macrosomia. The objective of this study was to determine the correlation between maternal cytokines and fetomaternal adiposity in the third trimester in women ...
Morikawa Mamoru - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of hyperglycemia according to maternal age and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) among Japanese women before introduction of the current diagnostic criteria. METHODS: In a retrospective study, data were analyzed from women with singleton pregnancies who were registered with the JSOG Successive Pregnancy Birth Registry ...
Kawakami Fumito - - 2012
Five-hundred-sixty-eight fetuses were observed at a clinic by using four-dimensional ultrasonography, and 31 fetuses who showed smiles were selected. The range of conceptional age was from 156 days to 214 days. The participants exhibited 51 smiles in 62min of recording. The average duration of smiles was 3.21s (SD=1.98). This must ...
Eckmann-Scholz Christel - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To describe pregnancies with severe fetal heart defects(CHD) with respect to perinatal complications and management. To discuss epigenetic factors with respect to maternal body-mass-index (BMI) and assisted reproduction treatment (ART). Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis in a single centre for prenatal diagnostics. Data were collected with respect ...
Heitmann Kristine - - 2012
PURPOSE: The objective of the study was to examine the safety of ginger use during pregnancy on congenital malformations and selected pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort study, a large population-based cohort, provided the data used in this study. Our study population consisted of 68,522 women. Data ...
Karayalçın Rana - - 2012
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of office hysteroscopy (OH) on pregnancy rate in patients undergoing IVF. A total of 1258 patients attending an IVF clinic with normal hysteroscopic findings were enrolled. The impact of timing of OH before embryo transfer on pregnancy rate was investigated. ...
O'Brien Louise M - - 2012
To determine the relationships between key variables obtained from ambulatory polysomnography (PSG) and the wrist-worn Watch-PAT 200 device in pregnant women. In this prospective cohort study, women in their third trimester of pregnancy underwent full overnight home PSG using the 22-channel MediPalm system and the Watch-PAT 200 device. PSGs were ...
Yosefy Chaim - - 2012
Background: Alteration of diastolic function is considered a sensitive means for detecting changes in the normal cardiac adaptation to pregnancy. Our aim was to evaluate volumetric and functional atrial parameters, using real time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) in women in early and late third trimester of pregnancy. Methods: We studied pregnant ...
Huang Yong-Mei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Rural-to-urban migrant women in Shanghai have poor reproductive health; the incidence of postpartum unintended pregnancy and contraceptive practices has not been adequately studied in this population. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective study examined the incidence of postpartum unintended pregnancy and associated factors among migrant women and included a medical records ...
Katsuragi Shinji - - 2012
Background: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), including Eisenmenger syndrome, has a risk of mortality in pregnancy of 10-40%. The aim of this study was to investigate whether pulmonary artery blood pressure (PABP) is a prognostic factor for pregnancy outcome in patients with PAH. Methods and Results: The subjects were 42 patients with PAH ...
Hossain Nazli - - 2012
Aim:  The aim of the study was to identify thrombophilic defects in women with a history of recurrent miscarriage. Methods:  This was a case-control study in which the cases were women who had undergone spontaneous recurrent pregnancy losses and the controls were women in matched reproductive age groups without any ...
Pongsatha Saipin - - 2012
Aim:  To present the experience of management of second trimester pregnancy termination by misoprostol after failure to abort within 48 h of its use. Material and Methods:  A retrospective, cohort descriptive study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University Thailand between 1998 ...
Kase Benjamin A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We sought to apply customized standards to ultrasound-derived estimated fetal weight (EFW), and assess the frequency of abnormal growth when compared to population-based standards. We also evaluated association with adverse perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: This was a historical cohort using prenatal ultrasound examination data at ≥24 weeks over a ...
El-Beshlawy A - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To present the current status of the prenatal diagnosis services and results from the largest thalassaemia center in Egypt treating 3000 patients. Traditionally, prenatal diagnosis has not been successful in reducing the births of affected children in Egypt, because the majority of women undergoing prenatal diagnosis continued to have ...
De Santis Marco - - 2012
It is well known that periconceptional folic acid supplementation decreases the risk of neural tube defects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the attitudes and practices of women with planned pregnancies regarding periconceptional folic acid intake and to identify factors associated with the use of this supplement. During ...
Hernandez Daphne C - - 2012
Socioeconomically disadvantaged women are at greater risk for gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention compared to socioeconomically advantaged women. This study examines the effect of gestational weight gain on body mass index (BMI) transitions 5 years after pregnancy in socioeconomically disadvantaged women. Gestational weight gain was assessed in 2136 ...
Abdelaziz Nassar Ahmed - - 2012
Objectives To evaluate the performance of mean arterial pressure, uterine artery pulsatility index, and soluble Endoglin alone or in combination in screening for hypertensive disorders in pregnant women without a-priori high risk. Methods This was a nested case-control study, carried out at Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Armed Forces Hospital Southern ...
Jarvis Sara S - - 2012
Sympathetic activity has been reported to increase in normotensive pregnant women, and to be even greater in women with gestational hypertension and preeclampsia at term. Whether sympathetic overactivity develops early during pregnancy, remaining high throughout gestation, or whether it only occurs at term providing the substrate for hypertensive disorders is ...
Macgregor E Anne - - 2012
Primary headaches are most common in women during their reproductive years and are affected by the hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy. Most headaches follow a benign course during pregnancy, although migraine is associated with increased risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and stroke. Management of primary headaches during pregnancy is essentially ...
Zuo Xulei - - 2012
AIMS: To analyse the optimal laparoscopic surgical techniques for the treatment of interstitial pregnancy to minimise bleeding during the operative procedure and the safety of the subsequent pregnancy. METHODS: Advanced bipolar coagulator was used to achieve haemostasis. RESULTS: The mean gestational age was 55 ± 5.1 days. All 17 women with an interstitial ...
Selinger Christian P CP Department of Gastroenterology, Salford Royal Hospital, Salford M6 8HD, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) affects women of childbearing age and can influence fertility, pregnancy and decisions regarding breastfeeding. Women with IBD need to consider the possible course of disease during pregnancy, the benefits and risks associated with medications required for disease management during pregnancy and breastfeeding and the effects of ...
Farinelli Christine K - - 2012
Cardiac arrest in pregnancy is not only uncommon but also catastrophic. Early aggressive resuscitation by well-trained health care providers improves the chances of successful outcomes for both the patient and her fetus. Significant physiologic changes that occur normally in pregnancy require several modifications to standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and urgent cesarean ...
Robinson Barrett K - - 2012
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess whether placentas in women delivered by cesarean for category II fetal heart tracings (FHT) exhibit a higher incidence of acute inflammation than those of women delivered by cesarean for labor arrest. METHODS: This case control study included singleton pregnancies >36 weeks gestation delivered by cesarean for ...
Almeida C P - - 2012
ACCESSIBLE SUMMARY: •  The presence of mental disorders during pregnancy in the context of interpartner violence was studied. •  A cross-sectional study with pregnant women of Hospital Pedro Hispano. ABSTRACT: Pregnancy is generally described as a period with a high incidence of common mental disorders (CMD) in the life cycle ...
Honnma Hiroyuki - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine which parameter of blastocyst morphology is the most important predictor of ongoing pregnancy or miscarriage. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: One in vitro fertilization (IVF) center. PATIENT(S): Women who underwent a total of 1,087 frozen-thawed single-blastocyst transfer cycles. INTERVENTION(S): First IVF treatment with blastocysts after frozen-thawed cycle. MAIN OUTCOME ...
Teissier Raphaël - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Malformations and mental retardation in the offspring of women with Phenylketonuria (PKU) can be prevented by maintaining maternal blood Phenylalanine (PHE) within a target range (120-300 μmol/L) through a PHE-restricted diet. In a former French study, a high and unexpected proportion of intra uterine growth retardation (IUGR) has been reported. ...
Di Renzo Gian Carlo GC Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Centre for Perinatal and Reproductive Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy. - - 2012
This trial was undertaken to evaluate the effects of high-cocoa-content chocolate supplementation in pregnancy on several haematochemical and clinical parameters. The study had as reference population the pregnant women requesting an obstetric control at Outpatient Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the S. Maria della Misericordia University Hospital, Perugia, Italy. ...
Shao Yong - - 2012
Aim:  This study used phonocardiography to investigate maternal cardiac reserve function in gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia. Method:  Ninety-nine pregnant women with gestational hypertension (50 cases) and pre-eclampsia (49 cases) were included in the study; 99 normotensive pregnant women acted as controls. Using phonocardiography, cardiac reserve function parameters for all participants ...
Barseghyan Karine - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of preterm births in pregnancies complicated by fetal gastroschisis in our tertiary referral center. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of medical records of patients with fetal gastroschisis delivered at our institution between January 2004 and April 2012. RESULTS: ...
Mulliniks J T - - 2012
Body condition score is used as a management tool to predict competency of reproduction in beef cows. Therefore, a retrospective study was performed to evaluate association of BCS at calving with subsequent pregnancy rate, days to first postpartum ovulation, nutrient status (assessed by blood metabolites), and calf BW change in ...
Introini Ugo - - 2012
To report the clinical course of a highly myopic woman treated by a single intravitreal injection of bevacizumab during the first trimester of pregnancy. Observational case report. A 35-year-old woman affected by pathologic myopia complained of blurred vision in her left eye in the fourth week of pregnancy. A subfoveal ...
Lavelle John M - - 2012
Pregnant women experience extensive physiologic and structural changes during pregnancy that affect their daily functioning. The addition of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) to the standard care of pregnant women has been hypothesized to enhance homeostasis and improve quality of life as the body adapts to these changes. Specifically, it has ...
Munim Shama - - 2012
To determine pregnancy loss rate following amniocentesis in a mainstream urban healthcare centre. We analysed cases of all pregnant women who underwent Amniocentesis at the Foetal Medicine Unit of Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, during 2001 to 2010. Cases of unknown pregnancy outcome were excluded, and after the process of ...
Timur Taşhan Sermin - - 2012
Aim.  This study aims to identify the effect of applying bitter almond oil with and without massage on preventing striae gravidarum during pregnancy. Background.  Striae gravidarum is a dermatological problem bringing about cosmetic concerns in about 90% of pregnant women. On the onset, striae gravidarum appears as a pink-purple atrophic ...
López-Prats M J - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Different ocular changes and complications of refractive surgery such as photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) due to pregnancy have been described in the last few years. However there is no information about the possible problems of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in pregnant women. Our objective was to study how physiological ...
Levandowski Brooke A - - 2012
Abortion is illegal in Malawi except when the pregnancy endangers the mother's life, yet complications of abortion account for the majority of admissions to gynecological wards. This study collected data on all post-abortion care (PAC) cases reporting to all PAC-providing health facilities in Malawi over a 30-day period. Of a ...
Campos Paulo Adão - - 2012
Malaria during pregnancy remains a serious public health problem. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence and possible risk factors for malaria in pregnant women attending antenatal care at Augusto Ngangula Specialized General Hospital in Luanda, Angola. Pregnant women (679 total) who attended antenatal care from April ...
Lane Cate - - 2012
The persistence of early and closely spaced pregnancies in Northern Nigeria contributes to maternal and child morbidity and mortality. A technical working group to WHO recommended that following a birth, a woman should space her next pregnancy by at least 24 months, and following a miscarriage or abortion, a woman ...
Vranes Hrvojka Soljacić - - 2012
The survey was conducted during the last 25 years and included 2414 healthy women who delivered in "Sestre milosrdnice" University Hospital Center in Zagreb, Croatia and their newborns. The aim was to establish the secular trend of some anthropological factors through two generations. Anthropological features such as pre-pregnancy weight, body ...
Post Ginell R - - 2012
Massive fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) >150 mL is rare and may occur in the absence of high-risk obstetrical events. The significance of FMH in Rh D-negative women is alloimmunization with an increased risk of hemolytic disease of the newborn in subsequent Rh D-positive pregnancies and adverse outcomes for the fetus/neonate. The ...
Kryczka Karolina - - 2012
A particularly dangerous condition in pregnant women is already dilated left ventricle with severe functional impairment.<br /> Taking as an example the case of woman with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) first diagnosed in 17th week of pregnancy, the paper discusses diagnostic, therapeutic challenges and management of heart failure during pregnancy.<br /> ...
Yoshikawa K - - 2012
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global public health issue that threatens the reproductive health of women. Despite a growing demand for research on the potential threat of IPV in relation to adverse reproductive outcomes, there have been no population-based studies of India. The current study analyzed the National Family ...
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