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Results 51 - 100 of 1390
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Straughen Jennifer K - - 2012
We studied obesity-related differences in the relation of maternal levels of leptin to levels of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1), an antiangiogenic protein that influences placentation and risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. In a prospective cohort of 286 gravidas, we measured maternal serum levels of sFlt1 and leptin at ...
Vajda Frank J E - - 2012
Purpose:  Considerable information is now available concerning the risk of teratogenesis in the individual pregnancy exposed to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). However, there is comparatively little information available concerning the risk in the subsequent pregnancies of women who continue to take the AED associated with a fetal malformation in a previous ...
Simons F Estelle R - - 2012
Anaphylaxis during pregnancy, labor, and delivery can be catastrophic for the mother and, especially, the infant. Symptoms and signs can include intense vulvar and vaginal itching, low back pain, uterine cramps, fetal distress, and preterm labor. During the first 3 trimesters, etiologies are similar to those in nonpregnant women. During ...
Tayabali S - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Henoch-Schönlein Purpura (HSP) is an IgA-mediated hypersensitivity vasculitis uncommon in adults and rarely described in pregnancy. So far, only 20 cases have been described in pregnancy in the worldwide literature. Although prognosis for this condition is reported as excellent, most studies are based on the paediatric population. Henoch-Schönlein Purpura ...
Rakhshani A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: While previous studies have shown the potential effects of yoga in normal pregnancies, this randomized controlled trial investigated the effects of yoga in prevention of pregnancy complications in high-risk pregnancies for the first time. METHODS: 68 high-risk pregnant women were recruited from two maternity hospitals in Bengaluru, India and ...
Taylor Martina - - 2012
: To estimate the likelihood of cesarean delivery and length of labor in twin pregnancies undergoing induction of labor as compared with singleton pregnancies. : This was a retrospective cohort study of 100 patients with twin pregnancy in one maternal-fetal medicine practice undergoing induction of labor from 2005 to 2012. ...
Tettenborn Barbara - - 2012
Strategies for stroke prevention should take into account the competing risks to mother and fetus. Treatment of acute stroke in pregnant women is still controversial, but not strictly contraindicated. Several case reports have documented successful reperfusion, in addition to satisfactory maternal and fetal outcomes. Aspirin and warfarin are safe in ...
Guidon Amanda C - - 2012
Preexisting and coincident neuromuscular disorders in pregnancy are challenging for clinicians because of the heterogeneity of disease and the limited data in the literature. Many questions arise regarding the effect of disease on the pregnancy, delivery, and newborn in addition to the effect of pregnancy on the course of disease. ...
Al-Turki Haifa A - - 2012
To find the prevalence, risk factors, and pattern of management of ectopic pregnancy (EP). This retrospective study was conducted between January 2000 and December 2010 in all patients admitted to King Fahd Hospital of University, Al-Khobar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Patients with suspected history of EP were collected. We collected ...
Suárez-Rodríguez Marta - - 2012
CONTEXT: Experimental studies have shown that maternal hypothyroxinemia during early pregnancy is associated with poor neurodevelopment in affected offspring. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of maternal serum free T4 on psychomotor development of offspring. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 147 women in the ...
Morikawa Mamoru - - 2012
This study was conducted to review the overall short-term outcome of monoamniotic twins in Japan and to determine the prospective risk of fetal death so as to adequately counsel parents with monoamniotic twins. Study subjects were 101 women with monoamniotic twins who were registered with the Japan Society of Obstetrics ...
Surico D - - 2012
We describe two cases of delayed delivery in dichorionic, diamniotic pregnancies, where we used an Endoloop ligature to clamp the umbilical cord with excellent maternal and fetal long-term outcome.
Cowan Scott W - - 2012
More women are reporting pregnancy following heart transplantation. Although successful outcomes have been reported for the mother, transplanted heart, and newborn, such pregnancies should be considered high risk. Hypertension, preeclampsia, and infection should be treated. Vaginal delivery is recommended unless cesarean section is obstetrically necessary. Most outcomes are live births, ...
Lavin Claudia - - 2012
Teen pregnancy has been subject of public concern for many years. In the United States, despite nearly 2 decades of declining teen pregnancy and birth rates, the problem persists, with significant disparities present across racial groups and in state-specific rates. This review examines recent trends, pregnancy prevention initiatives and family ...
McAnulty John H - - 2012
Pregnant women have an increased risk of having the usual arrhythmias seen in women of childbearing age. Most of these are benign sinus tachycardias or bradycardias or atrial and ventricular ectopic beats. Women who have had sustained supraventricular or ventricular tachycardias before pregnancy frequently develop them during pregnancy. These arrhythmias ...
Naleway Allison - - 2012
Background/Aims The need for research on the safety of vaccination during pregnancy is widely recognized. Large, population-based data systems like the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) may be useful for this research, but identifying pregnancies using electronic medical record (EMR) and claims data can be challenging. Methods We modified an existing ...
Rytlewski Krzysztof - - 2012
This study was designed to evaluate maternal levels of leptin and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in pregnancy complicated with hypertension and to assess the role of cytokines in predicting the risk of cesarean section. This was a cohort study with a prospective follow-up. After proportional sampling procedure, the study included the follow-up ...
Trottier Magan - - 2012
Many of my patients experience constipation during pregnancy, even after increasing dietary fibre and fluids. Are there any safe treatments I can recommend to them? Although the recommended first-line therapy for constipation includes increasing fibre, fluids, and exercise, these are sometimes ineffective. Therefore, laxatives such as bulk-forming agents, lubricant laxatives, ...
Krishnamurthy Kaarkuzhali Babu - - 2012
Epilepsy is the most common neurologic condition found in pregnancy. As such, all neurologists, internists, and obstetricians should know how to counsel women with epilepsy as they are considering pregnancy. While all of the usual recommendations for women of childbearing potential apply, including preconceptual and ongoing use of folic acid, ...
Owens Lisa A - - 2012
Prospective evaluation of pregnancy outcomes in women with pregestational diabetes over 6 years. The ATLANTIC Diabetes in Pregnancy group provides care for women with diabetes throughout pregnancy. In 2007, the group identified that women were poorly prepared for pregnancy and outcomes were suboptimal. A change in practice occurred, offering women ...
Mollen C J - - 2012
We sought to characterize how a group of urban adolescent females understands the domains of pregnancy, contraception, and emergency contraception (EC). We used the research strategy of freelisting as part of an in-depth interview study. Urban adolescent females presenting to a Pediatric Emergency Department. Participants were enrolled using a purposive ...
Lang Kevin - - 2012
Little is known about how the miscarriage rate has changed over the past few decades in the United States. Data from Cycles IV to VI of the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) were used to examine trends from 1970 to 2000. After accounting for abortion availability and the characteristics ...
McClure Gloria B GB Department of Pediatrics, Section of Infectious Diseases, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-Shreveport, LA, - - 2012
Asymptomatic polyomaviruria of pregnancy has been documented in point prevalence studies, but little attention has been given to the dynamics of polyomavirus excretion during pregnancy because of its benign course. We tested the hypothesis that the frequency and/or magnitude of polyomavirus excretion would increase as pregnancy progresses. Urine specimens were ...
Vellut Natacha - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Using judicial files on neonaticides, (1) to examine the frequency of the association between neonaticide and denial of pregnancy; (2) to assess the accuracy of the concept of denial of pregnancy; (3) to examine its usefulness in programs to prevent neonaticides. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative analyses of data collected ...
Khalil Asma - - 2012
Objective: In women with established pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes there is an increase in central aortic systolic blood pressure (SBP(Ao)), pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index (AIx), which are measures of arterial stiffness. The aim of this study was to establish normal ranges for PWV, AIx and SBP(Ao) at ...
Zammarchi Lorenzo - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To estimate the epidemiological impact of syphilis in pregnancy and congenital syphilis in Tuscany and to better delineate their determinants in this region. Methods: Features of pregnant women with syphilis attending the Tuscany Reference Center for Infectious Diseases in Pregnancy between 2000 and 2010 and their infants were ...
Mathiesen Elisabeth R - - 2012
This randomized, controlled noninferiority trial aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of insulin detemir (IDet) versus neutral protamine Hagedorn (NPH) (both with prandial insulin aspart) in pregnant women with type 1 diabetes. Patients were randomized and exposed to IDet or NPH up to 12 months before pregnancy or at ...
Kumar Ashok - - 2012
Aim:  The present study aims to determine the association of periodontal disease (identified early in pregnancy) and adverse pregnancy outcomes in a North Indian population. Material and Methods:  A total of 340 primigravida women, aged 20-35 years with single live pregnancy were recruited at 14-20 weeks period of gestation from the antenatal ...
Castori Marco - - 2012
Joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS) emerges as likely the most common clinical form of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Given the striking predominance of affected women, practitioners often face gynecologic and obstetric issues. However, their decisions are still based on personal experience rather than literature due to the lack of a consistent body of ...
Schaaf Jelle M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the recurrence risk of preterm birth (<37 weeks' gestation) in a subsequent singleton pregnancy after a previous nulliparous preterm twin delivery. STUDY DESIGN: We included 1957 women who delivered a twin gestation and a subsequent singleton pregnancy from the Netherlands Perinatal ...
Poon Leona C Y - - 2012
Objective: To establish a normal range of birthweight with gestational age (GA) at delivery and examine the contribution of maternal characteristics in defining growth restriction in stillbirths. Methods: In 69,895 normal singleton pregnancies, regression analysis was used to determine the association of birthweight with GA and maternal characteristics. The proportion ...
Price Bradley B - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: A prospective randomized controlled trial was designed to assess the benefits and possible risks of aerobic exercise during pregnancy, using a fitness regimen based on the 2002 ACOG guidelines for exercise during pregnancy. METHODS: Inactive women were randomized at 12-14 weeks gestation to a group which remained sedentary, or ...
Vanky E - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Vanky E, Nordskar J, Leithe H, Hjorth-Hansen A, Martinussen M, Carlsen S. Breast size increment during pregnancy and breastfeeding in mothers with polycystic ovary syndrome: a follow-up study of a randomised controlled trial on metformin versus placebo. BJOG 2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03449.x. Objective  To study the ...
Becker Jh - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Becker J, van Rijswijk J, Versteijnen B, Evers A, van den Akker E, van Beek E, Bolte A, Rijnders R, Mol B, Moons K, Porath M, Drogtrop A, Schuitemaker N, Willekes C, Westerhuis M, Visser G, Kwee A. Is intrapartum fever associated with ST-waveform changes ...
Welle-Strand Gabrielle K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In Norway, most opioid-dependent women are in opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) with either methadone or buprenorphine throughout pregnancy. The inclusion criteria for both medications are the same and both medications are provided by the same health professionals in any part of the country. International studies comparing methadone and buprenorphine ...
Junk Stephen M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To describe an optimized protocol for oocyte in vitro maturation (IVM) that achieves improved implantation and ongoing pregnancy rates in women with polycystic ovaries (PCO) and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Hospital fertility unit. PATIENT(S): Women with PCO and PCOS undergoing treatment for infertility. INTERVENTION(S): Follicle-stimulating ...
Torrenga Bas B Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2013
To save fertility, hysterectomy may be avoided with abnormal placental adherence by leaving the placenta in situ. Several reports support this strategy, but no reports are available on optimal follow-up strategies. We present two women with conservative treatment of placenta accreta and describe the prospective monitoring of the clinical course, ...
Boel Machteld E ME Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Mae Sot, Tak, Thailand; Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2012
In a few small studies an association between blood group O and placental malaria has been described. The relationship between blood group and malaria in pregnancy (Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum) was analyzed in 1,468 women from three longitudinal cohort studies in which weekly malaria screening was done systematically during ...
Yu Yawen - - 2012
Morning sickness typically is attributed to hormonal changes in pregnancy. We asked whether morning sickness is associated with changes in standing postural equilibrium, as occurs in research on visually induced motion sickness. Twenty-one pregnant women (mean age=30 years, mean height=163cm; mean weight=63kg) were tested during the first trimester. Laboratory-based balance ...
Weisz Boaz - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The association between of mode of delivery and perinatal morbidity in monochorionic (MC) twins is not clear. Thus there is no agreement regarding the optimal mode of delivery of MC twins. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of the mode of delivery on neonatal ...
Karlsson Ove - - 2012
Background:Hemostatic disorders are common in obstetric complications. Thromboelastography (TEG®) simultaneously measures coagulation and fibrinolysis within 10 to 20 minutes. Our primary aim in this prospective longitudinal study was to obtain knowledge about physiological changes in TEG® variables during normal pregnancy and 8 weeks postpartum. The secondary aims were to compare ...
Shahbazi Shirin - - 2012
Inherited bleeding disorders are caused by various genetic defects in the proteins involved in haemostasis. Female patients or carriers are faced with the risk of haemorrhage throughout life. During pregnancy and postpartum, this complication affects the health of either the mother or the baby, or both. This retrospective cohort study ...
Xiao Jinsong - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate of metformin effectiveness of ovulation induction treatment in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) women. Methods: Eight databases and nine related journals were searched for randomized controlled trails (RCTs) on the comparison between metformin and clomiphene citrate used for PCOS women. Meta analysis was performed after quality assessment. Results: ...
Ismail Laura - - 2012
There has been an overall increase in the incidence of multiple pregnancies and assisted reproduction technology is largely responsible for this rise. Although twins may appeal to couples undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF), they have been associated with serious health consequences to the babies, their mothers and the family unit, ...
Holzmann M - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Holzmann M, Cnattingius S, Nordström L. Lactate production as a response to intrapartum hypoxia in the growth-restricted fetus. BJOG 2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03432.x. Objective  To analyse whether the increase in lactate in response to intrapartum hypoxia differs between small- (SGA), appropriate- (AGA) and large-for-gestational-age (LGA) fetuses. ...
Oloyede Olufemi A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of spontaneous pregnancy reduction and early pregnancy complications among multiple pregnancies conceived via in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: Spontaneous pregnancy reduction was assessed among multiple pregnancies conceived after IVF treatment in a private assisted reproduction center in Lagos, Nigeria, between January 2008, and June 2011. ...
Adam Margaret P - - 2012
One of the more pervasive tenets of teratology is the "all-or-none" phenomenon, which refers to the concept that embryonic exposure that occurs before organogenesis results in either no adverse embryonic outcome or in embryonic death. This concept has been used extensively in genetic counseling of pregnant women who have inadvertently ...
Donnelly Ryan T - - 2012
The study sought to assess the impact of pregnancy on the rate of aortic growth as well as on short- and long-term clinical outcomes in women with Marfan syndrome. There is a paucity of data on peripartum and long-term clinical outcomes in women with Marfan syndrome who are followed prospectively ...
Buschur Elizabeth - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a growing worldwide epidemic among women of reproductive age, including pregnant women. The increased prevalence of obesity has been accompanied by an increase in gestational weight gain. Maternal obesity has deleterious consequences for both mother and child. OBJECTIVE: To review the recent guidelines from the National Institute ...
Fernandez Hervé - - 2012
To study the anatomic and fertility results after treatment for Asherman syndrome involving more than two separate surgical procedures. Retrospective case series. Tertiary center. Twenty-three women who had Asherman syndrome and required more than two hysteroscopic operative procedures. Third or higher-order operative hysteroscopy procedure. Fertility rate. The women's mean age ...
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