Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1390
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Ousey J C - - 2012
Reason for performing study: Aged mares with endometrosis suffer higher rates of pregnancy loss than young mares, due to poor placental development. Reduced uterine blood supply may be one contributory factor. Objectives: To measure uterine artery (UA) blood flow and other Doppler indices throughout pregnancy and compare placental and foal ...
Toutain Jérôme - - 2012
Objective: To assess the extent to which couples who could benefit from fetal karyotyping during the first or second trimester would agree to delay the examination until the third trimester. Methods: In this prospective monocentric study, the same physician suggested to some couples to delay fetal karyotyping until the third ...
Martinelli Ida - - 2012
To assess whether antithrombotic prophylaxis with low-molecular-weight heparin effectively prevents recurrence of late pregnancy complications, 135 women with previous history of preeclampsia, hemolytic anemia, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count syndrome, intrauterine fetal death, fetal growth restriction, or placental abruption who had been referred within the 12th gestational week ...
- - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Increasing number of pregnancies resulting from In vitro Fertilisation (IVF) combined with increased awareness of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) - related morbidity calls for research on possible differences in pregnancy outcomes between IVF and non-IVF GDM complicated pregnancies. The aim of this study was to compare GDM - affected ...
Nielsen René Ernst - - 2012
Background: This overview is aimed at clinicians working with patients in the fertile age who suffer from depressive disorders. The study of adverse effects of antidepressants on the foetus is hampered by difficulty in distinguishing between the behavioural changes that are related to the disorder itself and changes that accompany ...
Ozeren Semih - - 2012
Rhabdomyoma is the most common prenatally diagnosed cardiac tumor. We present two cases of fetal cardiac rhabdomyoma. In each case, fetal ultrasound assessment revealed the intracardiac tumors that were confirmed on postnatal imaging. The mother and her previous child were examined for the markers of tuberous sclerosis and diagnosis of ...
Spinillo Arsenio - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the rates of previously undiagnosed rheumatic diseases during the first trimester of pregnancy and their impact on the pregnancy outcome.METHODS: Pregnant women in their first trimester were screened using a two-step approach using a self-administered 10-item questionnaire and subsequent testing for ...
Firoozi Faranak - - 2012
There are conflicting results concerning the impact of maternal asthma during pregnancy on perinatal outcomes. The present study investigated the associations between maternal asthma during pregnancy and the risk of a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infant, a low-birth-weight (LBW) infant, and preterm birth. A population-based cohort of 40,788 pregnancies from asthmatic and ...
Tse K Y - - 2012
Most women with gestational trophoblastic disease are of reproductive age. Because the disease is readily treatable with favourable prognosis, fertility becomes an important issue. Hydatidiform mole is a relatively benign disease, and most women do not require chemotherapy after uterine evacuation. A single uterine evacuation has no significant effect on ...
Zhu Lan - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We sought to characterize risk factors of urinary incontinence (UI) during pregnancy and the postpartum period in primiparous women in China. METHODS: We enrolled 10,098 women from the seven regions of China ≥28 weeks' gestation from September 2007 to May 2009 and administered the Bristol Female Lower Urinary ...
Souri M - - 2012
Protein Z (PZ)-dependent protease inhibitor (ZPI) is a serine protease inhibitor which efficiently inactivates activated factor X, when ZPI is complexed with PZ in plasma. Reduced plasma levels of ZPI and PZ have been reported in association with thrombosis. It has also been reported that PZ increases during pregnancy and ...
Kamiya Chizuko A - - 2012
Background: Improved medical techniques have allowed most women with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) to reach childbearing age. The predictors of adverse events and the effects of pregnancy on cardiac function have not been clearly described in these patients. Methods and Results: In the present study we retrospectively reviewed 40 ...
Ohara Kenryo - - 2012
Objective: More women in Japan continue to quit a job when they find out they are pregnant than in other industrialized countries. The purpose of this study was to clarify factors affecting the quitting rate among female workers who become aware they are pregnant. Methods: All pregnant women visiting or ...
Marozio Luca - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between headache, namely migraine and tension-type headache, and adverse pregnancy outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study conducted in three tertiary care centres in Italy: 376 pregnant women suffering from headache and 326 non-headache pregnant women as controls were recruited. The diagnosis of headache was made ...
Holzgreve Wolfgang - - 2012
Abstract Although it is proven for a long time that folic acid supplementation in the periconceptional period can prevent neural tube defects effectively, all measures taken so far including food fortification and awareness campagnes so far had only limited success. Since more than 50% of the pregnant women in Europe ...
Kacerovsky Marian - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether the bacterial load of genital mycoplasmas and gestation age are related to intraamniotic inflammatory response using the amniotic fluid levels of 18 inflammatory mediators. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study of 145 women with singleton pregnancies complicated by preterm prelabor rupture ...
Gallagher Frances - - 2012
Background:  Cesarean delivery on maternal request is a worldwide growing phenomenon. The goal of this study was to describe young nulliparous women's attitudes about cesarean delivery on maternal request. Methods:  A total of 140 nulliparous women in Canada aged between 18 and 24 years and attending school from the vocational (n = 53), ...
Tesfaye Tatek - - 2012
In Ethiopia maternal mortality rate is very high more than one in five women die from pregnancy or pregnancy related causes. The use of contraceptives to prevent unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortion is an important strategy to minimize maternal mortality rate. Among various forms of contraception, emergency contraceptives are the ...
Farhan Serdar - - 2012
Objective. Fetuin-A has been associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We investigated fetuin-A levels during and after pregnancy in women with GDM. Fetuin-A measurements were performed in 10 women with GDM and 10 age and body mass index (BMI) matched healthy pregnant women. All women underwent an oral glucose tolerance ...
Donnelly J - - 2012
This was a prospective study of women attending a combined haematology/obstetric antenatal clinic in the National Maternity Hospital (2002-2008). Obstetric outcome in mothers treated with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) was compared to the general obstetric population of 2006. There were 133 pregnancies in 105 women. 85 (63.9%) received prophylactic ...
Saruhan Z - - 2012
To investigate whether first trimester low PAPP-A levels are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. A case control retrospective study including 663 pregnant women whose gestational age ranged between 11 and 14 weeks attending prenatal care at Akdeniz University Hospital was carried out. Chromosomal abnormalities, spontaneous abortions, and multiple pregnancies were ...
Schwartz Sheree R - - 2012
Increased fertility rates in HIV-infected women receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) have been attributed to improved immunological function; it is unknown to what extent the rise in pregnancy rates is due to unintended pregnancies. Non-pregnant women ages 18-35 from four public-sector ART clinics in Johannesburg, South Africa, were enrolled into a ...
Valentini Romina - - 2012
Background. Medical nutritional therapy is the most important method for normalizing glucose levels in pregnancy. In this setting, there is a new problem to consider relating to migrants, their personal food preferences, and ethnic, cultural, and religious aspects of their diet. We compared maternal and fetal outcomes between two multiethnic ...
Arrowsmith Sarah - - 2012
Prolongation of pregnancy i.e. going more than 10 days over the estimated due date, complicates up to 10% of all pregnancies and is associated with increased risk to both mother and fetus. Despite the obvious need for contractions of the uterus to end pregnancy, there have been no studies directly ...
Hure Alexis J AJ Mothers and Babies Research Centre, Hunter Medical Research Institute, John Hunter Hospital, New Lambton, NSW, Australia. - - 2012
The developmental origins of health and disease is a conceptual framework that helps explain the links between our early life exposures and later health outcomes, and is a burgeoning field of research. In this report, we describe the study protocol used in a prospective cohort of women recruited during pregnancy, ...
Desai Geetha - - 2012
The aims of this study were (a) to describe the sociodemographic and clinical profile of women with unplanned pregnancies and consequent exposure to psychotropic drugs, (b) to describe the nature and timing of psychotropic exposure during pregnancy among these women, and (c) to examine the outcome of decisions related to ...
Rijken Marcus J MJ Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Mae Sot, Tak, Thailand. - - 2012
Intermittent preventive treatment (IPT), the main strategy to prevent malaria and reduce anaemia and low birthweight, focuses on the second half of pregnancy. However, intrauterine growth restriction may occur earlier in pregnancy. The aim of this study was to measure the effects of malaria in the first half of pregnancy ...
Check J H - - 2012
By presenting anecdotal cases of women who conceived with IVF-ET despite very poor odds, this editorial hopes to make some of the infertility specialists to be more optimistic about the prognosis for pregnancy in women with diminished oocyte reserve. Description of case reports where despite poor odds the couples elected ...
Neboh Emeka E - - 2012
Changes in lipid metabolism have been shown to occur during pregnancy, to ensure a continuous supply of nutrients to the growing fetus, despite intermittent maternal food intake. Abnormal lipid metabolism has also been linked to atherosclerosis. To investigate the effect of pregnancy on the lipid profile and possible predisposition of ...
Dixit Archana - - 2012
Headache is a very commonly encountered symptom in pregnancy and is usually due to primary headache disorders which are benign in nature. It can however be quite debilitating for some women who may need therapeutic treatment of which there are several options safe to use in pregnancy. It is equally ...
Lussiana Cristina - - 2012
Antiretroviral therapy is effective in reducing rates of mother-to child transmission of HIV to low levels in resource-limited contexts but the applicability and efficacy of these programs in the field are scarcely known. In order to explore such issues, we performed a descriptive study on retrospective data from hospital records ...
Agarwal Rachna R Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi 110095, - - 2012
Introduction. A rare case of histologically proven placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD) with fetal omphalocele in a 22-year-old patient is reported. Material and Methods. Antenatal ultrasound of this patient showed hydropic placenta with a live fetus of 17 weeks period of gestation associated with omphalocele. Cordocentesis detected the diploid karyotype of ...
Westgarth Carri C Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Neston, Cheshire, United Kingdom. - - 2012
The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) is an observational study of 14,273 UK pregnant singleton mothers in 1990/1991. We examined outcomes of self report of strenuous activity (hours per week) at 18 and 32 weeks of gestation, hours spent in leisure-time physical activities and types, and pre-pregnancy ...
Tsai I-Hsien - - 2012
Pre-pregnancy weight and gestational weight gain (GWG) are important factors in both maternal and infant outcomes. Little information is available in relation to different levels of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and body weight gain on obstetric outcomes in Taiwan. This study investigated the associations between pregnancy complications with pre-pregnant ...
Tutterrow Yeung Lo YL Department of Tropical Medicine, Medical Microbiology and Pharmacology, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai'i-Mānoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of - - 2012
VAR2CSA mediates sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes in the placenta, increasing the risk of poor pregnancy outcomes. Naturally acquired antibodies (Ab) to placental parasites at delivery have been associated with improved pregnancy outcomes, but Ab levels and how early in pregnancy Ab must be present in order to eliminate placental ...
Chantraine Frédéric - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Placenta increta or percreta is an uncommon pathology, sometimes associated with high maternal morbidity. Its prevalence increases proportionally to the number of cesarean sections. This study analyzed the changes of our management strategy to devise treatment guidelines for this uncommon disorder. Materials and methodology: Between 2005 and 2011, ...
Erić M - - 2012
During pregnancy, a number of changes occur in women's body, and some medications are safe and some are not. The aim of our study was to establish the possible correlation between use of beta-lactam antibiotics in pregnancy and occurrence of congenital malformations. The study included 893 pregnant women from Zagreb ...
Check J H - - 2012
To determine if the use of Embryo glue improves implantation and pregnancy rates following embryo transfer (ET) in women who failed to conceive in three previous attempts. A matched controlled study was performed in women undergoing IVF-ET, donor oocyte recipients and women using their own oocytes having fresh or frozen ...
El-Sherbiny Walid W Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt. - - 2012
To compare the first trimesteric serum level of ADAM12-S in women who developed mild and severe preeclampsia and in healthy gravidas and to correlate these changes with the severity of the disease, maternal complications, fetal outcome, and Doppler cerebroplacental ratio (CPR). Comparative prospective observational study. University hospital. Serum samples were ...
Hartman William R WR Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2012
As the rate of obesity increases in childbearing-aged women, so too will the complications of obesity in pregnancy. An uncommon and likely underreported complication occurs in obese women who have received prepregnancy cardiac valve replacement with a prosthesis that is inadequately sized for body habitus, a condition referred to as ...
Amoran Olorunfemi E - - 2012
Teenagers younger than 15 are five times more likely to die during pregnancy or childbirth than women in their twenties and mortality rates for their infants are higher as well. This study was therefore designed to determine the recent prevalence and identify factors associated with teenage pregnancy in a rural ...
Wong H S - - 2012
Fetal abnormality is a major cause of termination of pregnancy and preservation of the fetus is important for confirmation of the diagnosis. Various regimes have been reported for termination of pregnancy for fetal abnormality in the first and the second trimesters. In this paper, we compare those regimes that allow ...
Mansour Ghanaie Mandana - - 2012
To evaluate the effects of varicocelectomy on semen parameters, pregnancy rates, and live birth in couples with first term recurrent miscarriage. One hundred and thirty-six women with recurrent miscarriage were recruited into this study. All of the husbands had normal semen parameters according to World Health Organization criteria and clinical ...
Minja Daniel T R - - 2012
Accurate diagnosis and prompt treatment of pregnancy-associated malaria (PAM) are key aspects in averting adverse pregnancy outcomes. Microscopy is the gold standard in malaria diagnosis, but it has limited detection and availability. When used appropriately, rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) could be an ideal diagnostic complement to microscopy, due to their ...
Jones Sandra C - - 2012
There is a strong social norm against consuming alcohol during pregnancy. However, many women do not realise they are pregnant until the sixth week and are not provided with information about the risks of consuming alcohol until they visit a health professional in the second trimester. We conducted semi-structured interviews ...
Headen Irene E - - 2012
This review examines published literature to answer 2 questions: 1) Are there racial-ethnic differences in excessive or inadequate gestational weight gain (GWG) and postpartum weight retention (PPWR)? and 2) Is there evidence that approaches to promote healthy weight during and after pregnancy should vary by race-ethnicity? We identified a limited ...
Almalki Mussa H - - 2012
Purpose: The guidelines for management of prolactinomas during pregnancy are mostly based on retrospective evidence or expert opinion. We conducted a survey to assess the current trends in management of prolactinomas during pregnancy. Methods: A case-based electronic questionnaire was sent in January 2011 to all practicing endocrinologists, in four Canadian ...
Smit Janine G - - 2012
In in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmatic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment a large drop is present between embryo transfer and occurrence of pregnancy. The implantation rate per embryo transferred is only 30%. Studies have shown that minor intrauterine abnormalities can be found in 11-45% of infertile women with a normal ...
Chen You-Peng - - 2012
The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) is involved in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes in the general population. The RAAS is activated during pregnancy. However, it is unknown whether the RAAS contributes to glycemia in pregnant women. Plasma renin activity (PRA) and plasma aldosterone levels were quantified at ...
Drezett Jefferson - - 2012
Hydatidiform mole (HM) is characterized by abnormal proliferation of human trophoblast with producers functioning tissues of human chorionic gonadotropin. It can evolve with ovarian cysts tecaluteínicos, hypertension of pregnancy or hyperthyroidism. The incidence of HM is variable and its etiology poorly known, associated with nutritional factors, environmental, age, parity, history ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >